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Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain isolated from lager beer shows tolerance to isobutanol.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The development of biofuels has received much attention due to the global warming and limited resources associated with fossil fuels. Butanol has been identified as a potential option due to its advantages over ethanol, for example higher energy density, compatibility with current infrastructure and its possibility to be blended with gasoline at any ratio. Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be used as a producer of butanol. However, butanol toxicity to the host limits the yield produced. In this study, four strains of yeast isolated from the habitats of lager beer, ale, wine and baker ́s yeast were grown in YPD media containing isobutanol concentrations of 1.5 %, 2 %, 3 % and 4 %. Growth was measured to determine the most tolerant strain. Gene expression for the genes RPN4, RTG1 and ILV2 was also measured, to determine its involvement in butanol stress. The genes have in previous studies seen to be involved in butanol tolerance or production, and the hypothesis was that they all should be upregulated in response to butanol exposure. It was found that the yeast strain isolated from lager beer was most tolerant to isobutanol concentrations of 2 % and 3 %. It was also found that the gene RPN4 was upregulated in response to isobutanol stress. There was no upregulation of RTG1 or ILV2, which was unexpected. The yeast strain isolated from lager beer and the gene RPN4 is proposed to be investigated further, to be able to engineer a suitable producer of the biofuel butanol. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Biofuels, Butanol tolerance, isobutanol, metabolic engineering, RPN4, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
National Category
Natural Sciences Microbiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129066ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--16/3184--SEOAI: diva2:935141
Subject / course
2016-06-02, Nobel, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:11 (Swedish)
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-10 Last updated: 2016-06-15Bibliographically approved

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