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Floating Aquatic Macrophytes Can Substantially Offset Open Water CO2 Emissions from Tropical Floodplain Lake Ecosystems
University of Federal Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
University of Federal Fluminense, Brazil.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Federal Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2016 (English)In: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 19, no 4, 724-736 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Tropical floodplain lake ecosystems are recognized as important sources of carbon (C) from the water to the atmosphere. They receive large amounts of organic matter and nutrients from the watershed, leading to intense net heterotrophy and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from open waters. However, the role of extensive stands of floating macrophytes colonizing floodplains areas is still neglected in assessments of net ecosystem exchange of CO2 (NEE). We assessed rates of air-lake CO2 flux using static chambers in both open waters and waters covered by the widespread floating aquatic macrophyte (water hyacinth; Eichornia sp.) in two tropical floodplain lakes in Pantanal, Brazil during different hydrological seasons. In both lakes, areas colonized by floating macrophytes were a net CO2 sink during all seasons. In contrast, open waters emitted CO2, with higher emissions during the rising and high water periods. Our results indicate that the lake NEE can be substantially overestimated (fivefold or more in the studied lakes) if the carbon fixation by macrophytes is not considered. The contribution of these plants can lead to neutral or negative NEE (that is, net uptake of CO2) on a yearly basis. This highlights the importance of floating aquatic macrophytes for the C balance in shallow lakes and extensive floodplain areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2016. Vol. 19, no 4, 724-736 p.
Keyword [en]
CO2 fluxes; littoral zone; aquatic plants; Pantanal; net ecosystem exchange; Eichornia sp
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129141DOI: 10.1007/s10021-016-9964-3ISI: 000376283100012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-129141DiVA: diva2:936067
Note

Funding Agencies|CNPq; Capes; FAPERJ; "Jovem Cientista do Nosso Estado; "Cientista do Nosso Estado; "Science without Borders STINT/Capes" [BEX 7937/14-8]; STINT; VR

Available from: 2016-06-13 Created: 2016-06-13 Last updated: 2016-06-13

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Bastviken, DavidEnrich Prast, Alex
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Tema Environmental ChangeFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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