Influence of high-temperature processing on the surface properties of bulk AlN substrates
2016 (English)In: Journal of Crystal Growth, ISSN 0022-0248, E-ISSN 1873-5002, Vol. 446, 33-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Deep-level luminescence at 3.3 eV related to the presence of Al vacancies (V-Al) was observed in room temperature photoluminescence (RT-PL) spectra of homoepitaxial AlN layers grown at 1450 degrees C by hydride vapor-phase epitaxy (HVPE) and cooled to RT in a mixture of H-2 and N-2 with added NH3. However, this luminescence disappeared after removing the near surface layer of AlN by polishing. In addition, the deep-level luminescence was not observed when the post-growth cooling of AlN was conducted without NH3. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) studies revealed that although the point defect density of the interior of the AlN layers remained low, the near surface layer cooled in the presence of NH3 was contaminated by Si impurities due to both suppression of the surface decomposition by the added NH3 and volatilization of Si by decomposition of the quartz reactor walls at high temperatures. The deep-level luminescence reappeared after the polished AlN wafers were heated in presence of NH3 at temperatures above 1400 degrees C. The surface contamination by Si is thought to generate V-Al near the surface by lowering their formation energy due to the Fermi level effect, resulting in deep-level luminescence at 3.3 eV caused by the shallow donor (Si) to V-Al transition. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2016. Vol. 446, 33-38 p.
Impurities; Point defects; Hydride vapor phase epitaxy; Nitrides; Quartz; Semiconducting aluminum compounds
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129469DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2016.04.030ISI: 000376444100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-129469DiVA: diva2:940679
Funding Agencies|Adaptable and Seamless Technology Transfer Program under the Japan Science and Technology Agency [AS2525010J]; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science [15H03555]2016-06-212016-06-202016-06-21