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Relativistic Doppler Frequency Up-conversion and Probing the Initial Relaxation of a Non-Equilibrium Electron-Hole Plasma in Silicon
Goethe University of Frankfurt, Germany.
Goethe University of Frankfurt, Germany.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6281-868X
Goethe University of Frankfurt, Germany.
Abstract [en]

we demonstrate experimentally the relativistic Doppler frequency up-conversion of the THz pulses from the counter-propagating ionized plasma front in silicon. The observed frequency up-conversion can be well modeled by the 1D FDTD simulations if significant short scattering time (well below 10 fs) in the plasma is assumed. To further elucidate the scattering rate in the electro-hole plasma, we performed pump probe experiment employing ultra-broadband (150 THz) THz-Mid-Infrared pulse. The results show the scattering time decreases from similar to 200 fs down to similar to 20 fs when the carrier density increases up to 10(19)-cm(-3), and then saturates for higher densities. Such scattering time dependence on plasma carrier density can be very well fitted by the Drude model for thermalized electron-holes, and the saturation behavior is attributed to electron-hole phase-space restriction as the plasma becomes degenerate. The resultant much shorter scattering time measured with non-thermalized plasma is in good accordance with the Doppler experiment, which demonstrates Doppler geometry an effective method for probing non-equilibrium plasma dynamics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2015.
, International Conference on Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, ISSN 2162-2027
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-129682DOI: 10.1109/IRMMW-THz.2015.7327552ISI: 000376674000160ISBN: 978-1-4799-8272-1OAI: diva2:942931
40th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz)
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-23 Last updated: 2016-06-27

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Sernelius, Bo
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