Different Effects of Intraperitoneal and Subcutaneous Insulin Administration on the GH-IGF-1 Axis in Type 1 Diabetes
2016 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 101, no 6, 2493-2501 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Context: In type 1 diabetes mellitus, low levels of insulin-like growth factor -1 (IGF-1) and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and high levels of GH and IGFBP-1 are present, probably due to portal vein insulinopenia. Objective: To test the hypothesis that continuous ip insulin infusion (CIPII) has a more pronounced effect than sc insulin therapy on regulation of the GH-IGF-1 axis. Design: This was a prospective, observational case-control study. Measurements were performed twice at a 26-week interval. Setting: Two secondary care hospitals in the Netherlands participated in the study. Patients: There were a total of 184 patients, age-and gender-matched, of which 39 used CIPII and 145 sc insulin therapy for the past 4 years. Outcomes: Primary endpoint included differences in IGF-1. Secondary outcomes were differences in GH, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3. Results: IGF-1 was higher with CIPII as compared to SC insulin therapy: 124 mu g/liter (95% confidence interval [CI], 111-138) vs 108 mu g/liter (95% CI 102-115) (P = .035). Additionally, IGFBP-3 concentrations were higher and IGFBP-1 and GH concentrations were lower with CIPII as compared to SC insulin therapy: 3.78 mg/liter (95% CI, 3.49 - 4.10) vs 3.31 mg/liter (95% CI, 3.173.47) for IGFBP-3, 50.9 mu g/liter (95% CI, 37.9 - 68.2) vs 102.6 mu g/liter (95% CI, 87.8 - 119.8) for IGFBP-1 and 0.68 mu g/liter (95% CI, 0.44 - 1.06) vs 1.21 mu g/liter (95% CI, 0.95-1.54) for GH, respectively. In multivariate analysis, IGF-1 had no significant association with HbA1c. Conclusions: The GH-IGF-1 axis may be affected by the route of insulin administration with CIPII counteracting dysregulation of the GH-IGF1 axis present during sc insulin therapy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ENDOCRINE SOC , 2016. Vol. 101, no 6, 2493-2501 p.
Endocrinology and Diabetes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130291DOI: 10.1210/jc.2016-1473ISI: 000378821100026PubMedID: 27115061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130291DiVA: diva2:950506
Funding Agencies|Zwols Wetenschapsfonds Isala Klinieken; Sanofi-Aventis The Netherlands B.V.2016-07-312016-07-282016-07-31