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Relevance of workplace social mixing during influenza pandemics: an experimental modelling study of workplace cultures
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Umeå University, Sweden.
Umeå University, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Epidemiology and Infection, ISSN 0950-2688, E-ISSN 1469-4409, Vol. 144, no 10, 2031-2042 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Workplaces are one of the most important regular meeting places in society. The aim of this study was to use simulation experiments to examine the impact of different workplace cultures on influenza dissemination during pandemics. The impact is investigated by experiments with defined social-mixing patterns at workplaces using semi-virtual models based on authentic sociodemographic and geographical data from a North European community (population 136 000). A simulated pandemic outbreak was found to affect 33% of the total population in the community with the reference academic-creative workplace culture; virus transmission at the workplace accounted for 10.6% of the cases. A model with a prevailing industrial-administrative workplace culture generated 11% lower incidence than the reference model, while the model with a self-employed workplace culture (also corresponding to a hypothetical scenario with all workplaces closed) produced 20% fewer cases. The model representing an academic-creative workplace culture with restricted workplace interaction generated 12% lower cumulative incidence compared to the reference model. The results display important theoretical associations between workplace social-mixing cultures and community-level incidence rates during influenza pandemics. Social interaction patterns at workplaces should be taken into consideration when analysing virus transmission patterns during influenza pandemics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS , 2016. Vol. 144, no 10, 2031-2042 p.
Keyword [en]
Epidemiology; infectious disease control; influenza; medical informatics (veterinary and medical); modelling
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130396DOI: 10.1017/S0950268816000169ISI: 000379785600002PubMedID: 26847017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130396DiVA: diva2:952711
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency [2010-2788]; Swedish Science Council [2006-4433, 2008-5252]; Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovations (VINNOVA) [2011-03231]

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-05 Last updated: 2016-08-15

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Timpka, ToomasEriksson, HenrikEkberg, JoakimSpreco, ArminDahlström, Örjan
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesCenter for Public HealthHuman-Centered systemsFaculty of Science & EngineeringDepartment of Medical and Health SciencesDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability Research
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