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Hearing Impairment and Cognitive Energy: The Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL)
University of Toronto, Canada.
Vrije University of Amsterdam Medical Centre, Netherlands.
Medical University of South Carolina, SC USA.
EarLens Corp, CA USA.
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2016 (English)In: Ear and Hearing, ISSN 0196-0202, E-ISSN 1538-4667, Vol. 37, 5S-27S p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The Fifth Eriksholm Workshop on "Hearing Impairment and Cognitive Energy" was convened to develop a consensus among interdisciplinary experts about what is known on the topic, gaps in knowledge, the use of terminology, priorities for future research, and implications for practice. The general term cognitive energy was chosen to facilitate the broadest possible discussion of the topic. It goes back to Titchener (1908) who described the effects of attention on perception; he used the term psychic energy for the notion that limited mental resources can be flexibly allocated among perceptual and mental activities. The workshop focused on three main areas: (1) theories, models, concepts, definitions, and frameworks; (2) methods and measures; and (3) knowledge translation. We defined effort as the deliberate allocation of mental resources to overcome obstacles in goal pursuit when carrying out a task, with listening effort applying more specifically when tasks involve listening. We adapted Kahnemans seminal (1973) Capacity Model of Attention to listening and proposed a heuristically useful Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL). Our FUEL incorporates the well-known relationship between cognitive demand and the supply of cognitive capacity that is the foundation of cognitive theories of attention. Our FUEL also incorporates a motivation dimension based on complementary theories of motivational intensity, adaptive gain control, and optimal performance, fatigue, and pleasure. Using a three-dimensional illustration, we highlight how listening effort depends not only on hearing difficulties and task demands but also on the listeners motivation to expend mental effort in the challenging situations of everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS , 2016. Vol. 37, 5S-27S p.
Keyword [en]
Attention; Autonomic nervous system; Cognitive capacity; Cognitive energy; Effortful listening; Executive function; Fatigue; Listening effort; Hearing impairment; Motivation; Neuroeconomics; Stress; Working memory
National Category
Other Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130391DOI: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000312ISI: 000379372100002PubMedID: 27355771OAI: diva2:952723

Funding Agencies|Oticon Foundation

Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-05 Last updated: 2016-08-15

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