Oral sensorimotor function in typically developing children 3 to 8 years old as assessed by the Nordic orofacial test, NOT-S
2014 (English)In: Journal of medical speech-language pathology, ISSN 1065-1438, Vol. 21, no 1, 51-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Oral senorimotor development is the basis for several vital functions for the child, hence orofacial dysfunction may be severely disabling. Recently, a comprehensive screening instrument assessing different aspects of orofacial function in adults and children age three and up was developed, the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S). The aim of the present study was to establish developmental profiles of orofacial function for children 3 to 7:11 years old using NOT-S methods: A total of 231 typically developing children 3:0 to 7:11 years old were included. Data were compiled from previous investigations. Comparisons across ages and gender were made.
Results: The total NOT-S score was below two for 58% (133) of all children in the study.There was a clear trend of lower total NOT-S score with increased age according to a best linear fit regression, R2= .81, p = .014. The number of children without any score on NOT-S increases dramatically for the seven-year-old children, 44% compared to 20% or lower for the other age groups. Boys had statistically significant higher scores than girls on the total NOT-S score and also for the clinical examination according to a Mann-Whitney U-test, p<.000 for both cases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 1, 51-59 p.
NOT-S, oral sensory motor functions, speech, developmental profiles, reference values
General Language Studies and Linguistics Nursing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-130719DiVA: diva2:954292