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Oral sensorimotor function in typically developing children 3 to 8 years old as assessed by the Nordic orofacial test, NOT-S
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
2014 (English)In: Journal of medical speech-language pathology, ISSN 1065-1438, Vol. 21, no 1, 51-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Oral senorimotor development is the basis for several vital functions for the child, hence orofacial dysfunction may be severely disabling. Recently, a comprehensive screening instrument assessing different aspects of orofacial function in adults and children age three and up was developed, the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S). The aim of the present study was to establish developmental profiles of orofacial function for children 3 to 7:11 years old using NOT-S methods: A total of 231  typically developing children 3:0 to 7:11 years old were included. Data were compiled from previous investigations. Comparisons across ages and gender were made.

Results: The total NOT-S score was below two for 58% (133) of all children in the study.There was a clear trend of lower total NOT-S score with  increased age according to a best linear fit regression, R2= .81, p = .014. The number of children without any score on NOT-S increases dramatically for the seven-year-old children, 44% compared to 20% or lower for the other age groups. Boys had statistically significant higher scores than girls on the total NOT-S score and also for the clinical examination according to a Mann-Whitney U-test, p<.000 for both cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 1, 51-59 p.
Keyword [en]
NOT-S, oral sensory motor functions, speech, developmental profiles, reference values
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Nursing
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-130719OAI: diva2:954292
Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-22 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Lundeborg Hammarström, Inger
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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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