Unintentional nitrogen incorporation in ZnO nanowires detected by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
2016 (English)In: Physica Status Solidi. C, Current topics in solid state physics, ISSN 1610-1634, E-ISSN 1610-1642, Vol. 13, no 7-9, 572-575 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Unintentional incorporation of nitrogen in ZnO nanowires (NWs) grown by rapid thermal chemical vapor deposition is unambiguously proven by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The nitrogen dopants are suggested to be provided from contaminations in the source gases. The majority of incorporated nitrogen atoms are concluded to reside at oxygen sites, i.e. in the atomic configuration of nitrogen substituting for oxygen (NO). The NO centers are suggested to be located in proximity to the NW surface, based on their reduced optical ionization energy as compared with that in a bulk material. This implies that the defect formation energy at the NW surface could be lower than its bulk value, consistent with previous theoretical predictions. The obtained results underline that nitrogen can be easily incorporated in ZnO nanostructures which may be of advantage for realizing p-type conducting ZnO via N doping. On the other hand, the awareness of this process can help to prevent such unintentional doping in structures with desired n-type conductivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2016. Vol. 13, no 7-9, 572-575 p.
ZnO, nanowires, nitrogen, EPR
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131396DOI: 10.1002/pssc.201510261OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131396DiVA: diva2:971425