A prospective randomized cost billing comparison of local fasciocutaneous perforator versus free Gracilis flap reconstruction for lower limb in a developing economy
2016 (English)In: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, ISSN 1748-6815, E-ISSN 1532-1959, Vol. 69, no 8, 1121-1127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Distal half leg complex wounds are usually a formidable problem that necessitates either local or free flap coverage. The aim of this study was to compare cost billing charges in free Gracilis flap (fGF) and local fasciocutaneous perforator flap (lFPF) in reconstructing complex soft tissue leg and foot defects. Patients and methods: Thirty consecutive adult (amp;gt; 15-year-old) patients with soft tissue defects in the leg and/or foot requiring tissue coverage with a flap in the period between 2012 and 2015 were randomly assigned (block randomization) to either an fGF or lFPF procedure. The outcome measures addressed were total billed charges costs, perioperative billed charges cost, partial or complete flap loss, length of hospital stay, inpatient postsurgical care duration, complications, operating time and number of operative scrub staff. Results: One patient suffered from complete flap loss in each group. Reconstruction with lFPF showed total lower billed charges costs by 62% (2509 USD) (p amp;lt; 0.001) and perioperative billed charges cost by 54% (779 USD) (p amp;lt; 0.001), and shorter total hospital stay (36.5 days; p amp;lt; 0.001), inpatient postsurgical care duration (6.4 days; p amp;lt; 0.001), operating time (4.3 h; p amp;lt; 0.001) and fewer scrub staff (2.2 persons; p amp;lt; 0.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that neither flap is totally superior to the other; the choice should instead be based on the outcome sought and logistics. lFPF requires lower billed charges cost and resource use and saves operative time and personnel and reduces length of hospital stay. Our approach changed towards using perforator flaps in medium-sized defects, keeping the free flap option for larger defects. (C) 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2016. Vol. 69, no 8, 1121-1127 p.
Lower limb reconstruction; Complex soft tissue defects; Perforator flap; Free Gracilis flap; Cost; Hospital stay
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131172DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2016.04.013ISI: 000381725000025PubMedID: 27289482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131172DiVA: diva2:972118
Funding Agencies|Plastic Surgery Unit, Surgery Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt; Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery Linkoping University Hospital; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden2016-09-202016-09-122016-09-20