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Agil kravhantering i praktiken: Efterföljs det som formuleras i litteraturen verkligen i praktiken?
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Agile requirements engineering in practice : Does practice follow the literature? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att arbeta agilt är idag vanligt förekommande inom IT-branschen där företag ständigt måste anpassa sig till förändringar. Scrum är idag den främst tillämpade agila metoden och har stark koppling till utvecklingsprojekt och kravhantering. Trots detta finns det få empiriska studier om Scrum och det finns även en brist på jämförande studier som ställer kravhantering i praktiken mot det som finns formulerat i litteraturen. Vi har därför i denna studie undersökt hur arbetet med kravhantering i utvecklingsprojekt bedrivs i praktiken hos en organisation som arbetar efter Scrum och jämfört om arbetet utförs i enlighet med det som står i litteraturen. Vi har även tittat på vilka problem och svårigheter som kan uppkomma i kravhanteringsarbetet samt vilka aspekter som utövarna i praktiken betraktar som viktigast. För att ta reda på hur arbetet faktiskt genomförs intervjuade vi fyra personer på företaget Arris, alla med olika befattningar och kopplingar till kravhantering.

 

Slutsatsen av undersökningen visar att kravhanteringsarbetet i praktiken i de flesta aspekter överensstämmer med det som formuleras i litteraturen. Det finns dock områden som ej går helt i linje, dokumentation av krav är ett sådant.

Abstract [en]

Working agile is nowadays common within the IT industry where companies constantly have to cope and adapt to change. Scrum is today the most applied agile method and is strongly linked to development projects and requirements engineering. Despite this, there are few empirical studies on Scrum and it also lacks comparative studies where requirements engineering in practice are compared to what is formulated in the literature. As a result of this, we have in this survey, examined how requirements engineering in an organization that is using Scrum is conducted in practice in accordance to what is formulated in the literature. We also identified problems and difficulties that may arise in the work with requirements engineering and also which aspects practitioners considers as most important. In order to be able to realize this study we interviewed four practitioners from Arris, all with different positions and connections to requirements engineering.

The conclusion of this study shows that the requirements engineering in practice in most aspects is consistent with what the literature advocates. However, there are areas that not fully correspond to what is written in the literature, documentation of requirements is one such area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 78 p.
Keyword [en]
Agile, requirement, requirements engineering, scrum, practice
Keyword [sv]
Agil, kravhantering, krav, scrum, praktik
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131468ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-G--16/01618--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131468DiVA: diva2:972652
Subject / course
Informatics/Information systems
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-26 Created: 2016-09-21 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Agile Requirements Engineering(1227 kB)438 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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Output format
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