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Developing a Framework for Supply Chain Planning in Construction
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8989-4869
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Supply chain management (SCM) has been stressed as a remedy to many of the underlying issues in the construction industry. However, the positive examples where SCM has been successfully utilised and diminished the lingering issues in construction is scarce. The question is why. Previous studies have stressed the importance of planning both the construction project as such but also the supply chain and the logistics. As an important part of SCM, supply chain planning (SCP) focuses on planning different aspects of the supply chain through involving different members of the supply chain in the planning process. SCP in construction is scarce as the planning of the logistics in general. Failing to plan the supply chain, involving supply chain members in the planning, and integrating the processes of planning the supply chains and the construction project can be one reason for the low numbers of successful SCM adoption in construction. In improving the SCP in construction, this thesis develops a SCP framework for construction that involves the main contractor, subcontractors, and suppliers. The aim is to improve SCP, collaboration, and eliminate many of the common problems in construction through a SCM and SCP perspective.

The developed framework is based on an existing planning framework for sales and operations planning. This framework is generic and synthesises planning in general. It consists of identifying/developing: outcomes, input, organisation, process, key performance measurements, and IT-tools. It is thus necessary to investigate what these aspects means in a construction context. Four research objects will be fulfilled:

Objective 1. Identify common logistical problems and linkages between them

Objective 2. Develop a SCP process

Objective 3. Develop a SCP organisation

Objective 4. Identify performance measurements

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. , 82 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1782
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Software Engineering Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131617DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-131617ISBN: 9789176857038 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-131617DiVA: diva2:974919
Public defence
2016-11-18, TP2, Täppan, Campus Norrköping, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

This thesis is funded by Development Fund of the Swedish Construction Industry (SBUF).

Companies that have participated in this work are PEAB, NCC, JM, Arcona,Skanska, Paroc, Vedum, Knauf-Danogips, Bygg-Ole, and Marbodal.

Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2016-10-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Using the SCOR model’s performance measurements to improve construction logistics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using the SCOR model’s performance measurements to improve construction logistics
2014 (English)In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 25, no 13/14, 1056-1078 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, construction material supplier and construction site performance are assessed according to the supply chain operations reference (SCOR) model. Current applicable literature focuses mainly on assessing the main contractor’s ability to construct a building according to customer requirements, i.e. construction performance. Omitting supplier performance when evaluating construction performance reduces the ability to improve the construction supply chain, as reasons for cost and time overruns and quality deficiencies will often be overlooked. In this paper, the SCOR metrics perfect order fulfilment (POF), source cycle time (SCT) and cost to source(CS) are measured to assess construction supplier reliability and construction site responsiveness. The values for POF, SCT and CS are measured to be 38%, 134 min and EUR 249, respectively. The practical implications are summarised in five improvement suggestions concerning communication, predefined material allocation, supplier performance assessment, delivery verification and notification and use of the SCOR model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014
Keyword
construction industry, construction logistics, construction SCM, performance measurement, SCOR
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96788 (URN)10.1080/09537287.2013.808836 (DOI)000343288400002 ()
Available from: 2013-08-27 Created: 2013-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06
2. Adapting the SCOR model to the construction industry settings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adapting the SCOR model to the construction industry settings
2012 (English)In: Nofoma 2012 - Proceedings of the 24th Annual Nordic Logistics Research Network Conference, 7-8 June, Naantali, Finland / [ed] Juuso Töyli, Laura Johansson, Harri Lorentz, Lauri Ojala and Sini Laari, Åbo, Finland: Turku School of Economics , 2012, , 20 p.719-737 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to improve construction logistics by introducing an adapted version of the SCOR (Supply Chain Operations and Reference) model. Sub-processes and metrics related to the Deliver and Source processes in the SCOR model that are in need of changes to adapt SCOR to the construction industry settings are identified.

Design/methodology/approach

By observing the Deliver and Source processes and metrics in the SCOR model at a construction site, suggestions for important changes that need to be made to the SCOR model are given. This is done by using case study as a research method for theory building.

Findings

Findings from the case study result in proposals for new Deliver and Source  sub-processes, changes in current sub-processes and new metrics. These changes constitute the first version of the Builder’s SCOR model (BSCOR).

Research limitations/implications

This paper presents the work of finding important changes related to the main processes Deliver (delivery of materials from supplier to site) and Source (receiving materials at site) in the SCOR model. Future work will consider important changes related to the main processes Make, Deliver (from site to customer), Plan and Return.

Originality/value

This paper analyses which parts of the SCOR model that need (or not need) to be adapted to embrace construction industry settings, resulting in a draft of a model based on the SCOR model that comprehends construction industry settings. Accordingly, this can lead to a better adaption of the processes and metrics to map, control, and coordinate the supply chain which can result in an increased profit for construction companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo, Finland: Turku School of Economics, 2012. 20 p.
Keyword
Construction, Logistics, SCOR, SCM, Metrics
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78800 (URN)978-952-249-204-3 (ISBN)
Conference
NOFOMA 2012 - The 24th Annual Nordic Logistics Research Network Conference, 7-8 June, Naantali, Finland
Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-20 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved
3. Developing an organisation and process for supply chain planning in construction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing an organisation and process for supply chain planning in construction
2016 (English)In: Proceedings from the 23rd EurOMA conference 2016, 19-21st ofJune 2013, Trondheim Norway, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Supply chain planning (SCP) can be a facilitator for involving supply chain members in improving operations. Lack of integrating supply chain members has been argued to cause a lack of communication and low productivity. The  purpose is to develop an organisation and process for SCP in construction, which is done via a focus group study with participants from key supply chain  members. The contributions include a suggestion of how to organise SCP in construction, containing inputs, outcomes, process descriptions, meetings, etc. The main outcome of the SCP process is a balanced material delivery schedule, updated regularly, integrating supply chain members.

Keyword
Construction, Supply chain management, Supply chain planning
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-131616 (URN)
Conference
23rd EurOMA conference 2016, 19-21st of June 2013, Trondheim Norway
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2016-10-10Bibliographically approved

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