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  • 1.
    Abramsson, Mia
    et al.
    Swedish Energy Agency, Sweden.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Swedish Energy Agency, Sweden.
    Research and development projects aiming to increase young adults’ knowledge of energy and energy efficiency2015In: eceee Summer Study proceedings / [ed] Therese Laitinen Lindström, Borg & Co, Stockholm, Sweden, European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE), 2015, 509-514 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young adults are important target groups in order to decrease the climate change effects and increase an energy-efficient end use. With increased knowledge and awareness these target groups could play a constructive role in the current and future transition of the energy system. The correlation between knowledge, awareness and behavioral change is central for improved energy efficiency in the society. Children and young adults and their interest in the natural and technical science are central to ensure the long-term capability needed to transform the energy system.

    To support this development the Swedish Energy Agency started with young adults as a target group in research and development projects in 2008. Since then approximately 5 million EUR has been allocated for projects aiming to increase knowledge in these areas among young adults by developing practical methods and tools, educational material or in-service training for teachers. Around thirty projects have been supported and three of them, KNUT school development project, KNUT evaluation research project and The Energy Fall, will be discussed in this paper.

     

    The KNUT school development project is a national school project aiming at increasing students’ knowledge and interest in energy and energy efficiency. KNUT also stimulates learning and career choices related to energy, climate and resources and therefor strengthen Sweden's capacities and competitiveness future in these areas. To ensure the scientific base a research group from Linköping University (KNUT evaluation research project) has followed the project’s activities. Best practices of methods and tools have been tested and disseminated within the project at both regional and national level.

     

    The KNUT evaluation research project has identified and analyzed five success factors regarding energy, climate change and energy efficiency of importance for education: 

    • The relationships between the national, regional and local level

    • The function of education vary in time due to the development of society

    • Get to know the education content inside and outside of school

    • Successful meetings between different actors

    • The educational systems capacity to educate all and at the same time recruit some for specialization

    This paper will present an overview of the Swedish Energy Agency’s work on research and development projects aiming to increase young adults’ knowledge of energy and energy efficiency and the KNUT evaluation research project results, analysis and success factors.

  • 2.
    Arwidsson, Anna-Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Digital kompetens, från osäkerhet till förtrogenhet: En studie av lärares kunskaper och svårigheter i arbetet med interaktiva skrivtavlor i grundskolans senare år2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att integrera IKT-verktyg i skolans verksamhet, och då specifikt interaktiva skrivtavlor, har blivit en allt vanligare företeelse för att främja elevers digitala kompetens. En kommun som har gjort en storskalig satsning på att integrera dessa interaktiva skrivtavlor är Linköpings och i dagsläget är varje klassrum i samtliga av deras grundskolor utrustade med en. Denna studie syftar till att ge en inblick i hur den satsningen har påverkat undervisningen ur ett lärarperspektiv, och då specifikt lärare i de naturvetenskapligt orienterande ämnena.

    Genom semistrukturerade intervjuer ämnar studien att sammanställa de förhållningssätt och erfarenheter lärare ger uttryck för gentemot de interaktiva skrivtavlorna. Studien avser att ge en uppfattning om vad lärare anser som betydelsefulla faktorer då en skola genomgår en satsning på interaktiva skrivtavlor i utbildningssyfte. Fokus ligger på begreppen möjligheter, svårigheter samt kunskaper och andra faktorer.

    Resultaten av denna studie visar att lärarna upplever de interaktiva skrivtavlorna som ett verktyg med potential till att ge positiva effekter i undervisningen, och på flera sätt också har det. Att de interaktiva skrivtavlorna möjliggör projektorfunktion och internetuppkoppling på ett snabbt och smidigt sätt är en av de största fördelarna som lärarna i denna studie ger uttryck för. Däremot framkommer även svårigheter med verktyget, och flera av dem är sådana hinder att användningen på ett eller annat sätt begränsas. De hinder som tydligast framträder är tekniska svårigheter, både vad gäller support, mjuk- och hårdvara, fortbildning samt tid. Att lärarna i studien önskar stöttning i sitt arbete med att bekanta sig med verktyget och involvera det i undervisningen är tydligt.

    Utifrån lärarnas berättelser föreslår studien att ge ökade möjligheter till tid och fortbildning, utveckla den tekniska supporten och öka lärarnas möjligheter till kollegiala samtal för att minska dessa svårigheter och den känsla av oro som de skapar för att utöka användningen och verktygets effekter. Lokala strategier, och deras förankring i verksamheten, har också visats ha en mycket betydande roll i detta, då de kan verka stöttande och styrande i och med ett uttalat syfte, mål och tillvägagångssätt.

    Att skolornas användning av IKT-verktyg behöver stöttas har även påpekats utifrån av bland annat Skolverket, och det senaste förslaget är att Sverige utarbetar en nationell IT-strategi. Studiens resultat visar på att detta förslag har potential att ge goda effekter på undervisningen.

  • 3.
    Bergner, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sunnergren, Anton
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yeşilbudak, Burcu
    Department of Biology, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey.
    Erdem, Cahit
    bDepartment of Biology, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey.
    Jansson, Nicklas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Attributes of trees used by nesting and foraging woodpeckers (Aves: Picidae) in an area with old pollarded Oaks (Quercus spp.) in the Taurus Mountains, Turkey2016In: Zoology in the Middle East, ISSN 0939-7140, E-ISSN 2326-2680, Vol. 62, no 4, 288-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used three woodpecker species as umbrella species for old deciduous forests, andanalysed their preferences in an area with old pollarded oaks in the Taurus Mountains,Turkey. Using plot inventories, we physically characterised trees utilised fornesting and foraging amongst woodpeckers in general and the Middle SpottedWoodpecker (Leiopicus medius) in particular. Trees more frequently visited by foragingwoodpeckers differed from randomly chosen trees by being taller, having alarger circumference, greater bark furrow depth and shorter distance to neighbouringtrees. Nesting trees were taller, had a higher proportion of dead wood but a lower surfacearea of natural cavities. Our results suggest that the woodpeckers in the study arearely upon woodlands containing mature trees, thus have the potential to functionas suitable umbrella species’ to highlight the conservation value of oak forest habitatsin southern Turkey.

  • 4.
    Cassens, U.
    et al.
    Institute of Transfusion Medicine, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany.
    Lewinski, G.
    Unit of Surgery, Municipal Hospital, 38-300 Gorlice, Poland.
    Samraj, A. K.
    Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.
    von Bernuth, H.
    Children´s University Clinic, Laboratory for Clinical Research, D-01307 Dresden, Germany.
    Baust, H.
    Department of Radiotherapy, University of Ulm, D-89070 Ulm, Germany.
    Khazaie, K.
    Department of Cancer Immunology and Aids, Dana Farber Cancer Institute/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, MA 02115, USA.
    Los, Marek Jan
    Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Muenster, Germany.
    Viral modulation of cell death by inhibition of caspases2003In: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, ISSN 0004-069X, E-ISSN 1661-4917, Vol. 51, no 1, 19-27 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Caspases are key effectors of the apoptotic process. Some of them play important roles in the immune system, being involved in the proteolytic maturation of the key cytokines, including interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-18. The latter directs the production of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). Among pathogens, particularly viruses express various modulators of caspases that inhibit their activity by direct binding. By evading the apoptotic process, viruses can better control their production in the infected cell and avoid the attack of the immune system. Targeting the maturation of the key cytokines involved in the initiation of (antiviral) immune response helps to avoid recognition and eradication by the immune system. The three main classes of caspase inhibitors frequently found among viruses include serine proteinase inhibitors (serpins: CrmA/SPI-2), viral IAPs (vIAPs) and p35. Their molecular mechanisms of action, structures and overall influence on cellular physiology are discussed in the review below.

  • 5.
    Chen, Lujie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olhager, Jan
    Industrial Management and Logistics, Lund University.
    Tang, Ou
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Manufacturing facility location and sustainability: A literature review and research agenda2014In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, Vol. 149, 154-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The perspectives on the manufacturing footprint of global firms are widening from the economic aspects to also include the environmental and social aspects. Thus, sustainability is becoming an important issue for the location of manufacturing facilities. It is therefore timely to review the relevant aspects and dimensions in the extant literature to investigate the relationship between sustainability and facility location. In this paper, we aim to understand how sustainability aspects are included in decision-making concerning manufacturing facility locations and the role of location in evaluating manufacturing sustainability. We examine the literature streams on sustainability and facility location. A comprehensive search includes peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to 2011. We propose a literature classification scheme with respect to focal area and research methodology. The content analysis identifies the environmental, social and economic perspectives and factors affecting location decisions. We synthesize the findings into a framework for taking sustainability aspects into account in manufacturing facility location decision-making. We also propose a research agenda for further research on sustainable locations.

  • 6.
    Curtsdotter, Alva
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Extinctions in Ecological Communities: direct and indirect effects of perturbation on biodiversity2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the dawning of what may become Earth’s 6th mass extinction the topic of this thesis, understanding extinction processes and what determines the magnitude of species loss, has become only too relevant. The number of known extinctions (~850) during the last centuries translates to extinction rates elevated above the background rate, matching those of previous mass extinction events. The main drivers of these extinctions have been human land use, introduction of exotic species and overexploitation. Under continued anthropogenic pressure and climate change, the current extinction rates are predicted to increase tenfold.

    Large perturbations, such as the extinction drivers mentioned above, affects species directly, causing a change in their abundance. As species are not isolated, but connected to each other through a multitude of interactions, the change in abundance of one species can in turn affect others. Thus, in addition to the direct effect, a perturbation can affect a species indirectly through the ecological network in which the species is embedded. With this thesis, I wish to contribute to our basic understanding of these indirect effects and the role they play in determining the magnitude of species loss. All the studies included here are so called in silico experiments, using mathematical models to describe ecological communities and computer simulations to observe the response of these communities to perturbation.

    When a perturbation is severe enough, a species will be driven to extinction. The loss of a species from a system is in itself a large perturbation, and may result in further extinctions, so called secondary extinctions. The traits of the species initially lost, can be a potential predictor of the magnitude of secondary species loss. In Paper I of this thesis, I show that when making such predictions, it is important to incorporate temporally dynamic species interactions and abundances, in order not to underestimate the importance of certain species, such as top predators.

    I further show that species traits alone are not particularly good predictors of secondary extinction risk (Paper I), but that in combination with community level properties they are (Paper II). Indeed, there seems to be an interaction such that the specific property making a community prone to secondary species loss, depends on what kind of species was lost in the primary extinction. As different types of perturbation put different types of species at risk of (primary) extinction, this means that the specific property making a community prone to secondary species loss, will depend on the type of perturbation the community is subjected to.

    One of the predicted main drivers of future species extinction is climate change. If the local climate becomes adverse, a species can either migrate to new and better areas or stay and evolve. Both these processes will be important in determining the magnitude of species loss under climate change. However, migration and evolution do not occur in vacuum – the biotic community in which these processes play out may modulate their effect on biodiversity. In paper III, I show that the strength of competition between species modulates the effect of both dispersal and evolution on the magnitude of species loss under climate change. The three-way interaction between interspecific competition, evolution and dispersal, creates a complex pattern of biodiversity responses, in which both evolution and dispersal can either increase or decrease the magnitude of species loss. Thus, when species interactions are incorporated, it is clear that even though migration and evolution may alleviate the impact of climate change for some species, they may indirectly aggravate the situation for others.

    In Paper III, the aspect of climate change incorporated in the model is an increase in mean annual temperature. But climate change is also predicted to increase environmental variability. Paper IV shows that species-rich communities are more sensitive to high environmental variability than species-poor ones. The smaller population sizes in the species-rich communities increased the extinction risk connected to population fluctuations driven by the variable environment. Hence, systems such as tropical forests and coral reefs are predicted to be particularly sensitive to the increased variability that may follow with climate change.

    In Paper IV, primary extinctions of primary producers result in extinction cascades of consumer species, when they lose their prey. However, in reality a consumer species might be able to switch to another prey, and such flexibility has both been observed and suggested as a potential rescue mechanism. But what is beneficial for an individual predator in the short-term can become detrimental to the ecological community in the long-term. Paper V shows that consumer flexibility often led to consumers continuously overexploiting their new prey, in the worst case to the point of system collapse. Thus, the suggested rescue mechanism aggravated the effect of initial species loss, rather than ameliorating it.

    Overall, the research presented here, underscores the importance of including population dynamics and biotic interactions when studying the effects of perturbation on biodiversity. Many of the results are complex, hard to foresee or even counter-intuitive, arising from the indirect effects of the perturbation being translated through the living web of species interactions.

    List of papers
    1. Robustness to secondary extinctions: Comparing trait-based sequential deletions in static and dynamic food webs
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Robustness to secondary extinctions: Comparing trait-based sequential deletions in static and dynamic food webs
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    2011 (English)In: Basic and Applied Ecology, ISSN 1439-1791, E-ISSN 1618-0089, Vol. 12, no 7, 571-580 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The loss of species from ecological communities can unleash a cascade of secondary extinctions, the risk and extent of which are likely to depend on the traits of the species that are lost from the community. To identify species traits that have the greatest impact on food web robustness to species loss we here subject allometrically scaled, dynamical food web models to several deletion sequences based on species’ connectivity, generality, vulnerability or body mass. Further, to evaluate the relative importance of dynamical to topological effects we compare robustness between dynamical and purely topological models. This comparison reveals that the topological approach overestimates robustness in general and for certain sequences in particular. Top-down directed sequences have no or very low impact on robustness in topological analyses, while the dynamical analysis reveals that they may be as important as high-impact bottom-up directed sequences. Moreover, there are no deletion sequences that result, on average, in no or very few secondary extinctions in the dynamical approach. Instead, the least detrimental sequence in the dynamical approach yields an average robustness similar to the most detrimental (non-basal) deletion sequence in the topological approach. Hence, a topological analysis may lead to erroneous conclusions concerning both the relative and the absolute importance of different species traits for robustness. The dynamical sequential deletion analysis shows that food webs are least robust to the loss of species that have many trophic links or that occupy low trophic levels. In contrast to previous studies we can infer, albeit indirectly, that secondary extinctions were triggered by both bottom-up and top-down cascades.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2011
    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73611 (URN)10.1016/j.baae.2011.09.008 (DOI)000299149700003 ()
    Note

    funding agencies|European Science Foundation||German Research Foundation| BR 2315/11-1 |

    Available from: 2012-01-10 Created: 2012-01-10 Last updated: 2017-04-19
    2. The interaction between species traits and community properties determine food web resistance to species loss
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interaction between species traits and community properties determine food web resistance to species loss
    2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to identify the ecosystems most vulnerable to species loss is fundamental for the allocation of conservation efforts. With this aim, the traits of keystone species have been investigated, as have the properties defining systems especially sensitive to species loss. However, these two have rarely been investigated in relation to each other. Here we show, that the traits of the species primarily lost act in conjunction with the properties of the food web from which it is lost, in determining the resistance of the system. We find that the extent of bottom-up extinction cascades is determined mainly by traits related to food web topology, while traits related to population dynamics govern the extent of top-down cascades. As different disturbances affect species with different traits, this interaction implies that the characteristics defining a sensitive community depend on the disturbance it is subjected to.

    Keyword
    Sequential deletion, species loss, perturbation, stability, robustness, secondary extinction cascades, top-predator loss, meso-predator release, body size, allometric relationships, functional response.
    National Category
    Other Biological Topics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108903 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-07-11 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2014-07-11Bibliographically approved
    3. The strength of interspecific competition modulates the eco-evolutionary response to climate change
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The strength of interspecific competition modulates the eco-evolutionary response to climate change
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    2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is predicted to have major implications for global biodiversity. Dispersal and evolution may become crucial for species survival, as species must either adapt or migrate to track the changing climate. However, migration and evolution do not occur in vacuum – the biotic community in which these processes play out may modulate their effect on biodiversity. Here, we use an eco-evolutionary, spatially explicit, multi-species model that allows us to examine the interactive effects of competition, adaptation and dispersal on species richness in plant communities under global warming. We find that there is a larger decline in global species richness when interspecific competition is strong. Furthermore, there is a three-way interaction between interspecific competition, evolution and dispersal that creates a complex pattern of biodiversity responses, in which both evolution and dispersal can either increase or decrease the magnitude of species loss. This interaction arises for at least two reasons: 1) different levels of dispersal, evolution and competition creates differences in local and global community structure before climate change, and 2) competitive interactions determine whether the benefits of dispersal and/or evolution (climate tracking and adaptation) outweighs the risks (competitive exclusion).

    Keyword
    Climate change, increased temperature, biodiversity loss, species extinctions, competition communities, dispersal, migration, invasion, evolution, local adaptation, tolerance curves
    National Category
    Other Biological Topics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108904 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-07-11 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2014-07-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Species-rich ecosystems are vulnerable to cascading extinctions in an indreasingly variable world
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Species-rich ecosystems are vulnerable to cascading extinctions in an indreasingly variable world
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    2012 (English)In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 2, no 4, 858-874 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Global warming leads to increased intensity and frequency of weather extremes. Such increased environmental variability might in turn result in increased variation in the demographic rates of interacting species with potentially important consequences for the dynamics of food-webs. Using a theoretical approach we here explore the response of food-webs to a highly variable environment. We investigate how species richness and correlation in the responses of species to environmental fluctuations affect the risk of extinction cascades. We find that the risk of extinction cascades increases with increasing species richness, especially when correlation among species is low. Initial extinctions of primary producer species unleash bottom-up extinction cascades, especially in webs with specialist consumers. In this sense, species-rich ecosystems are less robust to increasing levels of environmental variability than species-poor ones. Our study thus suggests that highly species-rich ecosystems like coral reefs and tropical rainforests might be particularly vulnerable to increased climate variability.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Wiley & Sons, 2012
    Keyword
    Biodiversity; climate change; environmental variability; ecological networks; extinction cascades; food-web; species interactions; stability; stochastic models; weather extremes
    National Category
    Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74700 (URN)10.1002/ece3.218 (DOI)000312444000015 ()
    Available from: 2012-02-05 Created: 2012-02-05 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved
    5. Adaptive rewiring aggravates the effects of species loss in ecosystems
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adaptive rewiring aggravates the effects of species loss in ecosystems
    2015 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 6, 8412Article in journal (Other academic) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Loss of one species in an ecosystem can trigger extinctions of other dependent species. For instance, specialist predators will go extinct following the loss of their only prey unless they can change their diet. It has therefore been suggested that an ability of consumers to rewire to novel prey should mitigate the consequences of species loss by reducing the risk of cascading extinction. Using a new modelling approach on natural and computer-generated food webs we find that, on the contrary, rewiring often aggravates the effects of species loss. This is because rewiring can lead to overexploitation of resources, which eventually causes extinction cascades. Such a scenario is particularly likely if prey species cannot escape predation when rare and if predators are efficient in exploiting novel prey. Indeed, rewiring is a two-edged sword; it might be advantageous for individual predators in the short term, yet harmful for long-term system persistence.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Nature Publishing Group, 2015
    Keyword
    Resistance, extinction risk, secondary extinction cascades, environmental variation, stochastic, response diversity, functional responses
    National Category
    Biological Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108905 (URN)10.1038/ncomms9412 (DOI)000363138400004 ()
    Note

    Funding text: Linkoping University.

    The original titel of this article was Adaptive rewiring aggravates the effects of species loss in ecological networks.

    Available from: 2014-07-11 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2016-01-21Bibliographically approved
  • 7. Eriksson, Sofia
    Lyssna mer på eleverna2011In: Energi i skolan, 18-19 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    NO-undervisningen måste fånga upp de stora samhälls- och miljöfrågorna. Det menar forskaren Anders Jidesjö som har deltagit i arbetet med den nya kursplanen i grundskolan.

  • 8. Eriksson, Sofia
    Nystart: Nu ska skolan lyfta upp energi- och klimatfrågorna2011In: Energivärlden, ISSN 1404-4900, no 4, 8-11 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När höstterminen startade i år gick 1,4 miljoner grundskoleelever en ny skola till mötes. I grundskolans nya läroplan ska energi- och klimatfrågorna få större utrymme i undervisningen. Klassrummet ska bli en utforskande arena som bjuder in till diskussion och reflektion, är tanken. Samtidigt ställer det allt större kunskapskrav på lärarkåren.

  • 9.
    Haile, Henok Debessai
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change.
    Sustainable Phosphorus Management in Sweden: A study of phosphorus recycling from wastewater sludge in several municipalities of the Östergötland County2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Environmental Agency (SEPA) proposed a national target to increase the rate of phosphorus recycling from wastewater sludge in 2013. Reusing phosphorus from wastewater sludge by spreading it on arable lands raises the risk of contamination and substance deposition in soils. In addition to quantifying the targeted rate of recycling, the proposal has also introduced new thresholds that limit the concentrations of undesired substances in wastewater sludge. This thesis assesses the potential challenges and opportunities in implementing the proposed measure in the Swedish municipality settings. Both qualitative and quantitative data have been gathered from three selected mid-sized Swedish municipalities in the Östergötland County and other data sources. The analytical framework of the thesis is based on the Systems Framework for Phosphorus Recovery and Reuse. Several discrepancies between the national goal to increase phosphorus recycling and local circumstances that affect local decision-making have been identified in this thesis. Reducing the flow of undesired substances into the wastewater stream raises goal conflict and is an enormous challenge which requires regulating the way chemicals are consumed in society. From the policy perspective, the national environmental objectives framework is ambiguous with regards to how local decisions should be directed in line with the national goals. The proposed measure should hierarchically be unequivocal and its implementation needs to be coordinated across all geographical scales. The thesis also highlights that there are significant local opportunities for addressing other sustainability goals through phosphorus recycling measures. Sweden’s commitment to creating a resource-efficient phosphorus cycle affirms that the key for a sustainable phosphorus management is the transformation of path-dependent social and technical systems.

  • 10. Hallonsten, Anna-Karin S.
    No-lärare måste lära av media2012In: Origo, ISSN 2000-1940, no 5, 16-17 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Medierna är bättre på att skapa intresse för NO och teknik än vad skolan är: Det är en viktig orsak till elevernas minskande intresse för skolämnena, skriver Anders Jidesjö i sin avhandling.

  • 11. Henckel, Sture
    Tidig teknik väcker nyfikenhet2009In: Ingenjören, ISSN 1101-8704, no 4, 12-16 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När barnen är som mest nyfikna anses de vara för små för naturvetenskap. När de sedan står med ena benet i vuxenvärlden och vill diskutera viktiga frågor ska de korvstoppas med fysikaliska fakta. Men det finns de som resonerar tvärtom. Små barn älskar fakta.

  • 12.
    Hultgren, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Making renewable electricity a reality: Policies and challenges when transforming Germany´s electricity system2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Germany is to undertake a speedy phase-out of nuclear energy and at the same time move into the age of renewable energy. The policy basis for the transformation of the electricity system is the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG). The aim of this report is to investigate the transformation of the German electricity system: popularly called the Energiewende. The report will introduce and analyze the Renewable Energy Sources Act as a policy instrument, and how the electricity grid needs to be developed in order to handle the increasing shares of electricity from renewable sources. The history, main regulations, and the success of the EEG will be investigated. Furthermore, the ways in which the EEG needs to be revised will be given attention. The imperfections of today’s electricity grid when implementing a dominating share of renewable electricity, and ways in which Information and Communication Technology can be used in solving those imperfections will be analyzed. The basis for this thesis is a literature study. Since this is a current topic changing frequently, up-to-date research is used as the main reference. The EEG is based on a feed-in tariff system. The main concern when implementing a dominating share of renewable electricity is the fluctuation over time. It is difficult to know how much power will be produced and when. The future challenge of the electricity grid is to keep meeting demand and supply in a secure way. To succeed with the transformation, the EEG not only needs to be revised but a solution to the system stability is also necessary. The EEG is considered a successful policy instrument but what it is missing today is incentives for balancing demand and supply, energy efficiency, and technology innovation. In order to deal with fluctuating sources, the main focus when upgrading the grid should be to improve the forecasting issues. The success of making RES a significant part in electricity generation could become strong proof for the global community that an electricity system based on renewable energy sources is possible.

  • 13.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Naturvetenskap i undervisningen - NO-didaktik: Vad säger forskningen om elevers attityd till och intresse för naturvetenskap?2012Other (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning i naturvetenskapernas didaktik har sedan 1960-talet utvecklats över hela världen, men är i Sverige ett relativt nytt forskningsfält. För att kunna förmedla och göra NO tillgängligt och angeläget för elever krävs mer kunskap om lärares undervisning, elevers attityder och begreppsbildning. Det handlar även om djupare förståelse för behovet av naturvetenskaplig allmänbildning och dess betydelse ur ett samhällsperspektiv. I detta tema ger några av Sveriges ledande forskare inom NO-didaktik en överblick över forskningsområdet.

  • 14.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Naturvetenskap i undervisningen - NO-didaktik: Vilka syften och mål har naturvetenskaplig undervisning i skolan?2012Other (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning i naturvetenskapernas didaktik har sedan 1960-talet utvecklats över hela världen, men är i Sverige ett relativt nytt forskningsfält. För att kunna förmedla och göra NO tillgängligt och angeläget för elever krävs mer kunskap om lärares undervisning, elevers attityder och begreppsbildning. Det handlar även om djupare förståelse för behovet av naturvetenskaplig allmänbildning och dess betydelse ur ett samhällsperspektiv. I detta tema ger några av Sveriges ledande forskare inom NO-didaktik en överblick över forskningsområdet.

  • 15.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Naturvetenskap för alla eller för några få?2011In: Grundskollärartidningen, ISSN 1652-7844, Vol. 21, no 5, 26-31 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En framställning av grundskolans nya uppdrag med fokus på naturvetenskap och en historisk bakgrund till utbildningens funktion och innehåll. Ambitionen är att demonstrera ett antal dilemman samt skildra nationell utveckling i relation till internationella strävanden. Förhoppningen är att ge sammanhang, inspirera och bidra till reflektion.

  • 16.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Konferens för skolhuvudmännens utvecklingsgrupper 22-23 november 20112011Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Debatten utgör ett underlag för de femtiotal närvarande deltagarna från kommunernas och Specialpedagogiska skolmyndighetens naturvetenskapliga utvecklingsgrupper för att bygga upp lokala strategiska planer för arbetet med skolutveckling inom det naturvetenskapliga och tekniska området.

  • 17.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Thematic Natural Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Students’ interest in science and technology as a function of science in society: Mediated experience and the public understanding of scienceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s interest in science and technology has long been an object for research. Cultural aspects and informal learning have been identified as important factors to be considered. In this study comparative content analysis is used to compare what secondary students want to learn about in science and technology with the topics covered in international popular science television. Important similarities are identified. The results are discussed from the perspective of media theory in terms of modernity affecting young people’s experience as a result of the popularization of science by communication media. The role of public understanding of science is identified and the importance of difference between science in society and science in school is elaborated on. The work has implications for future research, for interpretation and categorization of the results of such research, and for understanding student’s encounters with school science.

  • 18.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forskningen som vänder upp och ner på NO-undervisningen2012In: skolporten.seArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en myt att eleverna är ointresserade av naturvetenskap och teknik. Det eleverna vill lära sig blir de inte undervisade i. Men populärvetenskapliga tv-program har förstått vad ungdomarna vill ha. Anders Jidesjös forskning problematiserar ungdomars NO-intresse.

  • 19.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Naturvetenskap måste kopplas till verkligheten2012In: Svenskt näringslivArticle, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturvetenskap & teknik. Unga är helt ointresserade av teknik och naturvetenskap. Se där ett påstående upprepat i det oändliga. "En myt", menar två forskare som skrivit avhandlingar i ämnet och visar att det finns ett enormt naturvetenskapligt intresse hos barn och unga. Men lärarna måste bli bättre på att fånga upp det.

  • 20.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jo, ungdomar gillar visst NO!2012In: Magasin 360, ISSN 2000-1479, no 4, 50-51 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om tv och kommersiella magasin lyckas få barn och ungdomar entusiastiska för naturvetenskap och teknik, så vore det väl märkligt om inte skolan skulle kunna det. Det menar Anders Jidesjö som frågat 15-åringar landet runt vad de är intresserade av.

  • 21.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tema Elevperspektiv: Vad är elever intresserade av?2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan studeras och beskrivs ofta utifrån pedagogens perspektiv - med effekstudier av metoder och analyser av skolan som helhet. Men det sker även mycket forskning om hur skolan upplevs av dem den är till för - eleverna. I detta tema har vi försökt sammanställa den forskning som studerat utbildning, lärande, betyg, bedömning och inte minst den sociala miljön i skolan ur elevernas eget perspektiv. Om skolan ska lyckas nå alla den är till för så krävs det en förståelse för hur olika skolan kan upplevas denna heterogena grupp individer som vi samlar under begreppet elever.

  • 22.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tema Elevperspektiv: Vad är en bra lektion?2013Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan studeras och beskrivs ofta utifrån pedagogens perspektiv - med effekstudier av metoder och analyser av skolan som helhet. Men det sker även mycket forskning om hur skolan upplevs av dem den är till för - eleverna. I detta tema har vi försökt sammanställa den forskning som studerat utbildning, lärande, betyg, bedömning och inte minst den sociala miljön i skolan ur elevernas eget perspektiv. Om skolan ska lyckas nå alla den är till för så krävs det en förståelse för hur olika skolan kan upplevas denna heterogena grupp individer som vi samlar under begreppet elever.

  • 23.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Titta utåt för att förstå något om det inre: Om utbildning och hållbar utveckling2016In: Att lära in ute-bladet, Vol. 30, no 2, 8-8 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tänk högt, långt och hållbart: En ny generation lär sig möta välfärdens utmaningar2016In: Lärorik, ISSN 2001-1253, no 1, 3-5 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskollärares och lärares möten med barn och elever på olika nivåer är mycket betydelsefulla. Idag är en övergripande målsättning för hela utbildningssystemet att det ska bidra till samhällsvisionen om en hållbar utveckling. Detta får konsekvenser för hur lärandemiljöer arrangeras, kring såväl innehåll och form och vad det betyder i olika delar av skolsystemet, från förskola och upp i vuxenutibldning.

  • 25.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utbildningsutskottets öppna utfrågning om brist på utbildade inom naturvetenskap och teknik: vad säger forskningen om elevers attityder till naturvetenskap och teknik?2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Öppen utfrågning om brist på utbildade inom naturvetenskap och teknik. Vad säger forskningen? Evidens och reflektioner om problemets karaktär och tänkbara åtgärder.

  • 26.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Preparing for Nagoya: The implementation of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in Sweden2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In March 2014, four organisations, the Global School (Den Globala Skolan), the Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development (SWEDESD) at Uppsala University, the Swedish National Commission for UNESCO (Svenska Unescorådet) and WWF-Sweden commissioned Anders Jidesjö, senior lecturer and researcher at Linköping University, to undertake a study of the Swedish experience in the domain of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) over the last 10 years by analysing relevant background documentation and reports as well as information gathered through interviews with key informants.

    This report presents the result of this study. An earlier version served as background document for the "ESD – Call for Action" event on 3 June 2014 (see also below). The current version has benefited from incorporating factual information and insights presented during that event.

    The report was commissioned in view of the UNESCO World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development, scheduled for 11-12 November in Aichi-Nagoya, Japan. This conference will mark the end of the UN Decade on Education for Sustainable Development, 2005-2014.

    The four organisations considered that the official Swedish position at the Nagoya Conference would be strengthened if informed by the experiences and insights of Swedish pre-schools, schools, universities, municipalities and public, private and non-governmental organizations that over the last ten years and longer have engaged in education and learning for sustainable development. The official Swedish position would also be bolstered by having politicians, policy makers and experts reflect on these experiences and formulate recommendations for reinforced policy and accelerated and effective practice and research in the ESD domain.

    To this effect, the four organizations organized the event "ESD – Call for Action", on 3 June at Blåsenhus, Uppsala University. It brought together 120 representatives of Swedish ESD-related practitioners, researchers and policy makers who together formulated an extensive set of recommendations that are meant to support the Swedish delegation attending the Nagoya Conference.

    The report and the 3 June recommendations will be made available to the participants of a second event "Making ESD Action Possible", scheduled for 27 August, 2014 at Rosenbad Conference Centre, Stockholm. This event is expected to assemble 140 Swedish ESD-related politicians, policy makers, researchers and practitioners.

    The combined recommendations formulated by the participants during the two events will be submitted to the official Swedish delegation to the Nagoya Conference.

    August 2014

    Den Globala Skolan (the Global School),

    Svenska Unescorådet (Swedish National Commission for UNESCO),

    Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development (SWEDESD) at Uppsala University,

    WWF-Sweden

  • 27.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Thematic Natural Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    En problematisering av ungdomars intresse för naturvetenskap och teknik i skola och samhälle: Innehåll, medierna och utbildningens funktion2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology are important parts of culture. Thus today there is a need for a science education which promotes ‘science for all’ and ‘scientific literacy’ in order to prepare students for citizenship. Earlier studies indicate that many students find it hard to learn science and technology in school. They lack interest in it and have negative attitudes toward science and technology. There are also differences between the interests of girls and boys, as has been known for a long time.

    Recent research indicates that the concepts used in discussions of how to promote scientific literacy are too broad and underdeveloped. Science has mainly been taught for the purpose of preparing a few for further studies and has neglected the task of preparing all for citizenship. There has also been too little consideration of the relation of science literacy to specific science content. Historically, almost the same science content has been taught as is taught today. Science in society has been separated from science in school.

    Commonly used concepts like ‘science’, ‘school subjects’, ‘students’, ‘interest’ and ‘attitudes’ are too broad to be used in meaningful discussion. Research results show a need for a stronger connection between specific content and students’ experiences outside school. In addition, there is a need to understand societal development and the mechanisms of media and modernity.

    This thesis investigates student perspectives on science and technology within the affective domain of science education. The work has been carried out as part of Swedish participation in the worldwide Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) project. The empirical work presented in this thesis is extensive, and also takes into account teachers’ perspectives, the age of students, and a social theory of media.

    The results show that students do have an interest in science and technology, with age and sex affecting their interest in specific content. However, broad concepts like ‘science’ or ‘girls’ and ‘boys’ obscure the differences that emerge from a content level analysis. Students are different and their interest is content specific. Furthermore, the results show that student interest is not in line with what their teachers say they present for instruction. Teachers’ selection of science content and their encounters with students are discussed as important elements in science education research. In addition, the results indicate that students’ interests are more in line with the science presented in the media. Experiences outside school were shown to be related to different science content, which has an effect on choices for upper secondary education.

    These results are related to an overall purpose in which a social theory of the media is used to critically reflect on how modernity has led to mediated mechanisms affecting the content of science and technology. Mediated experiences and processes of reception are identified as important mechanisms in the way different people relate to specific content, which creates new conditions for science education.

    The results are discussed in relation to societal development and different understandings of the purpose of science education. The theoretical media approach demonstrates ways that young people’s interest in science and technology becomes involved with mediated mechanisms through popularized forms of science and through the move to what is known as ‘public understanding of science’. This situation changes an individual’s options when relating to available content and creates new conditions for science education. In this thesis, critical and reflective attention is paid to the relationship between science in school and science in society. This way of portraying the results directs the existing attention to pupil’s voice in science education in another direction. An expression of a lack of interest from an individual is interpreted as if there has been a mistake in the way science is presented.

    List of papers
    1. Science for all or science for some: What Swedish students want to learn about in secondary science and technology and their opinions on science lessons
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science for all or science for some: What Swedish students want to learn about in secondary science and technology and their opinions on science lessons
    2009 (English)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, Vol. 5, no 2, 213-229 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents Swedish results from ‘the Relevance of Science Education’ (ROSE) study, which is a large world wide comparative research project based at the University of Oslo. The Swedish sample consisted of 751 students, most of whom were 15 years old, from 29 schools and data were collected in spring 2003. Student opinions about science lessons are presented in relation to enrolment intentions for upper secondary school together with what they want to learn about in science and technology. The findings indicate that secondary science instruction seems to address only a minority of the students, those that have chosen science or technology in their further education. At the same time, all students have interest in science and technology and many seem most interested in some important issues in societal development. The results are discussed from the perspective of learners and contribute to the debate about establishing a scientific literacy approach in compulsory education.

    National Category
    Didactics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-51544 (URN)
    Available from: 2009-11-05 Created: 2009-11-05 Last updated: 2012-06-21Bibliographically approved
    2. Science in society or science in school: Swedish secondary school science teachers' beliefs about science and science lessons in comparison with what their students want to learn
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science in society or science in school: Swedish secondary school science teachers' beliefs about science and science lessons in comparison with what their students want to learn
    2009 (English)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, Vol. 5, no 1, 18-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents comparisons concerned with secondary school science teachers’ and their students’ beliefs about science and technology and also what science content secondary science teachers teach and what their students want to learn. Student data are part of the Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) study and the teacher data are part of an extensive study carried out only in Sweden. The results indicate that both secondary science teachers and their students are optimistic about science and technology as essential parts of societal development. When content from these knowledge fields is considered for instruction, significant disparities exist between what teachers teach and what their students want to learn. Additional results concerning the secondary science teachers’ beliefs, ‘out-of-school experiences’, ‘Science Technology and Society’ (STS) approaches and ‘inquiry-based instruction’ are pointed out as important for the development of science instruction in secondary schools. The results are discussed in the contexts of students’ voices and teachers’ beliefs.

    National Category
    Didactics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18303 (URN)
    Available from: 2009-05-17 Created: 2009-05-17 Last updated: 2012-06-20Bibliographically approved
    3. Different content orientations in science and technology among primary and secondary boys and girls in Sweden: Implications for the transition from primary to secondary school?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different content orientations in science and technology among primary and secondary boys and girls in Sweden: Implications for the transition from primary to secondary school?
    2008 (English)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, Vol. 4, no 2, 192-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents Swedish results from the Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) study, which is part of a large world-wide comparative research study based at the University of Oslo. The national sample was collected in spring 2003 and originates from 751 students from 29 schools, most of whom were 15 years old. In an additional study data from primary students were collected in spring 2005, with a smaller sample of 112. Significant differences in content orientation between the primary and secondary boys and girls were found and are discussed in the context of young people’s interest in science and technology and the public function of those knowledge fields as a part of education. Earlier studies suggest the benefit of more applicative contexts as the children move through compulsory school. This statement is challenged to some degree in this paper and a stronger need to understand how the transition from primary to secondary level and specific contents are related is discussed. This is due to indications that students’ content orientations are partially dependant on age and there are significant differences due to gender to consider. A deeper examination of those elements can assist in the understanding of the relevance of science from the learners’ perspectives.

    National Category
    Didactics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-43624 (URN)74445 (Local ID)74445 (Archive number)74445 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2012-06-20
    4. Students’ interest in science and technology as a function of science in society: Mediated experience and the public understanding of science
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Students’ interest in science and technology as a function of science in society: Mediated experience and the public understanding of science
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s interest in science and technology has long been an object for research. Cultural aspects and informal learning have been identified as important factors to be considered. In this study comparative content analysis is used to compare what secondary students want to learn about in science and technology with the topics covered in international popular science television. Important similarities are identified. The results are discussed from the perspective of media theory in terms of modernity affecting young people’s experience as a result of the popularization of science by communication media. The role of public understanding of science is identified and the importance of difference between science in society and science in school is elaborated on. The work has implications for future research, for interpretation and categorization of the results of such research, and for understanding student’s encounters with school science.

    Keyword
    Students’ interest, science, media
    National Category
    Other Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78786 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-20 Last updated: 2012-06-21Bibliographically approved
    5. Student experience and interest in science: Connections and implication for further education
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student experience and interest in science: Connections and implication for further education
    2016 (English)In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 12, no 1, 36-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Students’ problems with learning science in school have been documented for a long time. Differences in student interest in and attitudes towards science due to gender and age are well documented. Fewer studies have focused on the details at a content level. This paper presents a statistical analysis of student interest in specific content areas and combines this with student experience of science and science-related activities outside school. The result shows that interest and experience are significantly linked and influence student choices for upper secondary education. The results are presented on both a detailed content and experience level, and are discussed in relation to the purpose of compulsory science education and in relation to experiences outside school. The study is an important addition to the discussion about establishing a science education curriculum that can both prepare students for future science studies and meet the need for a public understanding of science.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo, 2016
    Keyword
    Students’ interest, experience, science, PCA, cluster analysis
    National Category
    Other Natural Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78787 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-06-20 Created: 2012-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved
  • 28.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Flickor och naturvetenskap, rekrytering och allmänbildning2012In: Forskning i naturvetenskapernas didaktik, 2012 / [ed] Jonas Almqvist, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2012, 19-19 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barns och ungdomars intresse för naturvetenskap har diskuterats länge. En aspekt i sådana diskussioner handlar om ökad rekrytering till såväl gymnasieskola som universitetsnivå. Frågorna har lyfts i många länder och även i Sverige är området angeläget.  En ytterligare aspekt i detta handlar om sned könsbalans. En ökad andel kvinnor inom naturvetenskapliga utbildningar, såväl som inom matematik, datavetenskap och ingenjörsyrken, det så kallade ”STEM” området, har lyfts som en central fråga inom hela EU. I denna presentation ges en inblick i bakgrunden till varför dessa frågor blivit så centrala och vad en vetenskaplig grund visar och jämförs med mer policyinriktade diskussioner. Exempel hämtas vidare från forskning om ungdomskultur, identitet och några preliminära svenska resultat visas från det internationella forskningsprojektet ”IRIS” som undersöker rekrytering inom ”STEM” utbildningarna.

  • 29.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Initiating a process: Time for a revised and updated version of the ROSE study?: Experiences from the Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) Research Studies in Sweden2016In: XVII IOSTE Symposium Science and Technology Education for a Peaceful and Equitable World, Portugal: Institute of Education, University of Minho , 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports key findings from the Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) studies in Sweden. Choices for upper secondary education, comparisons between students and their teachers, between secondary and primary students, relations between interest and experience and science in and outside school were identified as important to consider when analysing student’s interest in science and technology. Interest did not follow traditional school subjects. Analyses on a content level revealed other patterns. Such work has importance for avoiding biased conclusions like "girls and biology", "boys and physics". The Swedish studies found that all students have an interest in science and technology and identified variation between groups. Although many science teachers have knowledge about what can be important for a student interest, instruction seemed to be carried out from other standpoints. Teaching seems to be focused on traditional science facts preparing some for future studies and not as much part of a science for all agenda. Following the evidence from the Swedish ROSE studies, it points to the interface between school science and science in society to be important for future studies in building up knowledge about such traditions. Fashion, advertising and media are successful in using science and technology for their purposes which have an influence on experience and subsequently become part of prerequisites for learning. Young people today act on a commercialised market where schools and other actors expose science content in various ways. Different traditions and purposes are in action having an influence on young people’s interest and experience in science and technology. The meaning and implication from such standpoints are proposed as relevant for future research, in building up knowledge about science education in relation with modernity and youth culture which can assist in understanding needs and requirements for student’s learning of science and technology in school.

  • 30.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Thematic Natural Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Danielsson, Åsa
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Student experience and interest in science: Connections and implication for further education2016In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 12, no 1, 36-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students’ problems with learning science in school have been documented for a long time. Differences in student interest in and attitudes towards science due to gender and age are well documented. Fewer studies have focused on the details at a content level. This paper presents a statistical analysis of student interest in specific content areas and combines this with student experience of science and science-related activities outside school. The result shows that interest and experience are significantly linked and influence student choices for upper secondary education. The results are presented on both a detailed content and experience level, and are discussed in relation to the purpose of compulsory science education and in relation to experiences outside school. The study is an important addition to the discussion about establishing a science education curriculum that can both prepare students for future science studies and meet the need for a public understanding of science.

  • 31.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Danielsson, Åsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Björn, Annika
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Interest and Recruitment in Science: A Reform, Gender and Experience Perspective2015In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 167, no 0, 211-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on Swedish results from a worldwide research project concerned with the Interest and Recruitment in Science Education (the IRIS-International study) together with results from a longitudinal national study on girl's views on out of school experience in science and technology in upper secondary education. The studies are framed in the structural situation of the Swedish educational system. The results show that there are reform and policy effects to consider in the discussion of recruiting more students in STEM. Interest in the subject, earlier school experience, achievement and teacher feedback is found to be important for educational choice in STEM. Specifically girls point out societal relevance as important. In addition there are elements outside the school setting with importance for educational choice. Moreover, girls point out visits to a museum and watching films and boys popularized forms of science and computer games. All students consider TV and activities outside school as important for their educational choice in STEM. When trying to implement outside school experience with girls in a longitudinal study in upper secondary education the interplay with school subject teaching is identified as missing. The friction between subject teaching in schools and connections with the surrounding world is proposed as important for future studies.

  • 32.
    Jidesjö, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johansson, Ulrika
    Linköpings kommun.
    Developing a relevant science education together with students and their teachers2012In: Inquiry Based Science & Mathematics Education: Bridging the gap between education research and practice / [ed] Tina Jarvis, Janet Ainley and Frankie McKeon, Leicester: UK: School of Education, University of Leicester , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well documented that many students experience trouble in finding science in school relevant (Lyons, 2006; Osborne & Collins, 2001). Studies have used different methodologies and the results are sometimes hard to interpret and implement in schools (Jenkins, 2006). Several studies point to the quality of teaching and ways that students are being involved (Osborne, Simon & Collins, 2003). One way is to start discussions of relevance from the perspective of the students and their teachers where they are seen as part of the solution instead of part of the problem (Watts, Alsop, Gould and Walsh, 1997; Maskill & Pedrosa de Jesus, 1997). To become learner sensitive is also a critical aspect in inquiry-based instruction (Brown & Melear, 2005).

    In Linköping there was a desire to develop science instruction. Project groups were organized with people from one school district, the university, municipal employees and politicians. The work started from students’ and their teachers’ perspectives and was supported in different ways and by different people during the process. The results indicate that if teachers are supposed to change and develop their science teaching it is important that the challenges originate in classroom realities. We report on ways that this was done. Attention was also paid to learners ’and teachers’needs, experiences and expressed problems with science using focus group methodology. The results indicate that both students and teachers were positive to develop science education. Teachers were mainly aware of students’ interest but indicated problems relating to lack of leadership, content that must be covered, working conditions and teaching methods. Students pointed more to the importance of connections with society, nature and working life. They wanted attention on ways they experience science outside school and asked for more learning opportunities with reflection, discussion, real problems and challenging work. The results are discussed in relation to the general problems with establishing a modern science education.

  • 33.
    Khan, Shahbaz Ali
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Water Supply and Sanitation in Peri-Urban Areas of Developing Country: A Case Study of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to assess prevailed water and sanitation issues in peri-urban areas of Punjab, Pakistan. The suitable ways to develop sustainable sanitation system in relation with governance support need to be found for such zones. The analysis of empirical research suggested few important results as follow: global water and sanitation issues in peri-urban zones correlated with area specific issues; public awareness and guidelines for operation of technical systems suggested as solution in designed model was a major challenge. Inhabitants were aware of re-use of human wastes in agriculture because of old tradition in Pakistan. The usage and handling of dry toilet system was also another challenge. Corruption in society at each level from local area to government found to be the major hurdle for successful implementation of any project.

  • 34.
    Mettupalli, Dhanunjaya Reddy
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular genetics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza symbiosis on photosynthesis in Medicago truncatula2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) symbiosis is a mutual association formed by plant roots and soil fungi. Most vascular flowering plants have the ability to form AM associations, which show significant impact on ecosystem function and plant health. This association is based on the mutual exchange of nutrients between plant and fungus. Therefore, AM association leads to increased demands for photosynthesis. The main aim of this study was to investigate the pathway used by plants during AM to increase the photosynthetic performance. To achieve this aim, we used the model legume Medicago truncatula. We have found out that AM symbiosis develops in roots, where AM fungi colonize the roots, leading to better plant growth and more biomass. Furthermore, AM symbiosis increases chlorophyll content and photosynthetic electron transport rate in leaves. Based on these results we suggest that AM symbiosis increases both efficiency and capacity of photosynthetic apparatus in Medicago truncatula

  • 35.
    Niyobuhungiro, Japhet
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. University of Rwanda, Department of Mathematics, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, College of Science and Technology .
    Setterqvist, Eric
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A New Reiterative Algorithm for the Rudin-Osher-Fatemi Denoising Model on the Graph2014In: Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Image Processing 2014, ICISIP2014, 2014, 81-88 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider an analogue of the well-known in image processing Rudin-Osher-Fatemi (ROF) denoising model on a general finite directed and connected graph. Then we consider the space BV of functions of bounded variation on the graph and show that the unit ball of its dual space can be described as the image of the unit ball of the space ℓ on the graph by a divergence operator. Based on this result, we propose a new fast reiterative algorithm to find the exact minimizer for the ROF model. Finally we prove convergence of the algorithm and illustrate its performance on some test examples. We would like to note that consideration of an image on the graph is important in the sense that it provides useful insights when instead of rectangular domain we have some manifold, which is a good representation for images arising in applications.

  • 36.
    Noaksson, Mikael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Helgar, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Mässan och varumärket2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several domestic and international fairs are conducted annually and companies participate continuously, maybe without questioning why even though solid facts about what they actually result in is hard to produce. Do they really get maximal return in these investments? Is it the attitude in the industry that you participate just because your competitors do it? That a possible absence would have a greater impact then actually participating?

    The purpose of this report is to investigate how B2B-companies can strengthen their brand by participating at fairs. The goal was to investigate what the theory about fairs and band building says, how independent experts and people from five big companies thinks about fair exhibitions and how the brand can be strengthen through this form of market communication. To favor both the writers and the readers this has been divided into three steps; before, during and after the fair.

    To get good overview of the problem the writers used a qualitative method. This type of method often provides a slightly deeper insight of the specific problem which is preferred when this kind of purpose and question at issue is used. Numerous people where interviewed and all of these interviews where semi-structured.

    The selection that took place during the report was solely what you call a purpose selection. The interviewees where chosen based on the amount of information the writers thought they could provide and contacted for interviews, either by phone (which gave the writers more problems than they thought) or by meeting them face to face. The reason that both the experts and people representing the companies where interviewed was to get a broader understanding of the subject. The experts have a lot of knowledge about how one should act to accomplish a fair exhibition according to the theory while the companies where interviewed to gain knowledge about their practical experiences.

    In the analysis the empiricism extracted from the experts is compared with the one from the companies and the theories earlier presented.

    The conclusion shows that a clear goal and purpose is needed to get the most out of your fair exhibition. If the personnel is educated, both in how to act within the showcase, what the brand stands for and how this should be communicated to the customers, the chances for a well executed personal meeting gets higher. According to the experts this is vital during a fair. By communicating the brand trough actions rather than words both the customer relationship and the brand itself gets stronger. Sensory marketing have great potential to strengthen the brand during a fair and even though the companies themselves have not used it knowingly they find it to be an interesting aspect of the communication with the customers.

  • 37.
    Tiwari, Ashutosh
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Patra, HirakLinköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.Turner, AnthonyLinköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Advanced Bioelectronic Materials2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book covers the recent advances in the development of bioelectronics systems and their potential application in future biomedical applications starting from system design to signal processing for physiological monitoring, to in situ biosensing.

    Advanced Bioelectronics Materialshas contributions from distinguished international scholars whose backgrounds mirror the multidisciplinary readership ranging from the biomedical sciences, biosensors and engineering communities with diverse backgrounds, interests and proficiency in academia and industry. The readers will benefit from the widespread coverage of the current literature, state-of-the-art overview of all facets of advanced bioelectronics materials ranging from real time monitoring, in situ diagnostics, in vivo imaging, image-guided therapeutics, biosensors, and translational biomedical devices and personalized monitoring.

  • 38.
    Tiwari, Ashutosh
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Patra, Hirak
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Preface2015In: Advanced bioelectronics materials / [ed] Ashutosh Tiwari, Hirak Patra and Anthony Turner, Beverly, MA, USA: Wiley-Scrivener , 2015, XV- p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Printed instruments for instant analysis.2015Other (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Towards single molecule detection with simple printed instruments2016In: American Advanced Materials Congress, India: VBRI Press , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is now intense pressure on healthcare systems worldwide that will inevitably lead to radical change. Partic ular excitement surrounds the  concept of  wearable  and internetworked analytical  devices, but current technology generally  falls far short of the sensitivity  and  specificity  required  to  make  further  inroads  into  understanding  complex  biochemistries and  appl ying  this knowledge  to  improving  quality  of  life . Most  devices realised to  date , utilise  derived  information  from  physical  sensors  and cannot begin to resolve  the  complexity that can be  revealed by  molecular sensors. A  notable  exception is the  use  of  biose nsors for  continuous in  vivo monitoring and  control  of  diabetes,  but  progressing  beyond  this  important  innovation  requires  a  step change  in  thinking,  since  most  other  desirable  analytes  offer  greater  challenges  than  glucose  in  terms  of the  degree  of discri mination demanded or the low concentrations present in unprocessed samples . Recent ad vances in single - molecule sens ing enable  molecular  counting,  thus  heralding  an  entirely  new ,  calibration - free quantitative  approach able  to  properly  discriminate the  heter ogeneities  implicit  in  living  systems. Rare  and  unusual  events  can  be  distinguished  from  the  noise  a ssociated  with ensemble  studies  and  i ndividual  inter - and  intra - molecular  events  can  be  studied  in  detail . Combining  this technique with  the simplicity  of  e lectroanalysis  and  recent  advances  in  printed  electronics  allows  us  to  conceive  of  powerful  analytical  tools  that could  be  mass  produced  in  a  variety  of  form  factors , suitable  for  emerging  markets  based  around  next  generation  intelligent systems. Add  to  th is  appropriate  sampling  technology  and  we  may  finally  be  able  to  access  the  multifarious  biomarkers  that could allow us to better maintain health in the face of genetic, nutritional and environmental factors, and to personalise tr eatment of  disease  with  ta ilored  pha r maceuticals  and  bioelectronic  medicine. This  presentation  will  review  our  recent  work  on  single molecule  electrochemistry,  the  design  of  printed  electroanalytical  instruments  and  new  approaches  to  minimally  invasive sampling and will speculate o n possible future developments based on combining these leading edge technologies.

  • 41.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Digital Health - The Biochemical Interface: 2016 Datta Medal Lecture2016In: 41st FEBS Congress, FEBS , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare spending is growing unsustainably; the USA spends 17.1% of its GDP on healthcare and Sweden 9.7%. Too often, new science implies increased expenditure, but new ideas can both decrease cost and increase effectiveness. Wearable sensors offer a trillion USD market to improve health, but the devices delivered to date havefocussed on relatively easy targets using physical sensors. The real gain will come from monitoring of biochemical parameters that are harder to access in a convenient format. Enhanced awareness of the value of data will spur individuals to acquire and exploit more information about their individual biochemistries, while increasinglysophisticated decision support systems will offer improved diagnostic accuracy and faster information flow. Further drivers are evidence-based reimbursement of treatment costs and the now widely recognised opportunities offered by personalised medicine. Couple all this with the mobility facilitated by telecommunications, and aradical decentralisation and restructuring of national healthcare services, together with the industries serving them, could finally be on the horizon. Biosensors have already proved an enormous success, but far from being a mature technology, we are just on the cusp of a new era. While there are caveats about the usefulness ofsome frequent measurements, new technology is emerging that fuses the mass production of electronics with that that of biochemical assays to yield a plethora of new analytical capabilities. Examples include completely printable diagnostic instruments that can adorn packaging or be worn like a plaster, to contact lensesthat can both sense disease and administer front-line treatment. Advanced functional hybrid materials are enabling the design of reversible affinity sensors and compartmentalised switchable biochemical cascades, while fundamental studies on single-molecule electrochemistry point the way towards new catalyst designs.

  • 42.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Biosensors for digital health2016In: 2016 KSBB Fall Meeting and International Symposium, Korea: Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Uzun, Lokman
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Hacettepe University, Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey.
    Rezai, Babak
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran Iran.
    Garipcan, Bora
    Boğaziçi University, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Reactive electrospun nanofibres as a versatile functional material on electrode surfaces for impedimetric sensor design2016In: Proceedings and Abstract Book : American Advanced Materials Congress 4-9 December 2016 / [ed] Ashutosh Tiwari, India: VBRI Press , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrospinning is a highly attractive technique to incorporate functional materials into nanofibre structures. In this process, the polymer structure is transformed from a bulk to a fibrous network by means of a high voltage applied between two-electrode systems.1 The functionality of the bulk polymers defines the functionality of the final nanofibres as well, which is a major limitation for producing ease-to-use electrospun nanofibres.2 For this reason, researchers have focused on reactive electrospinning to produce functional nanofibres with the desired properties. For this aim, an extra step, oligomerisation, is applied to elongate the polymeric chain just before the electrospinning step. In addition, it is possible to adjust the functionality of the final fibres by using an appropriate initial functional monomer.3 Herein, we focused our attention on developing reactive electrospun nanofibres for designing a versatile functional material on electrode surfaces. We have developed a reactive electrospinning process for a functional monomer, glycidyl methacrylate, to obtain epoxy-containing fibres that are ready for immobilisation of a recognition element directly on the surface. After that, Anti-albumin antibody molecules were immobilised on the surface as a recognition element. Then the electrodes were characterised by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The factors affecting albumin recognition were also evaluated by varying the dipping time, pH, and concentration. The results indicated that anti-albumin antibody molecules were successfully immobilised on the fibres and play an efficient recognition role for albumin detection in aqueous solutions as well as in human serum. In conclusion, the material and method developed here shows promise for the development of versatile sensor platforms, due to its excellent performance, reproducibility and low cost.

  • 44.
    Wang, Daqin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tang, Ou
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Dynamic inventory rationing with mixed backorders and lost sales2014In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, Vol. 149, 56-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Customers may react differently when stockouts occur. In this paper we investigate the rationing policy for an inventory system with a mixture of demand classes of backorder type and lost sales type. Since the penalty cost of backorders varies with time, the priorities of demand classes also alter with time. This totally changes the problem structure compared with the classic rationing models. A dynamic rationing policy is studied in this paper by considering the dynamics of demand priorities. A Markov decision model is developed to obtain the optimal dynamic rationing levels for multiple demand classes. The results indicate that between the priority switching points, rationing levels often exhibit different patterns. For lost sales demand classes, the rationing levels always decrease as the remaining time approaches to zero. For backorder demand classes, the rationing levels increase in some parts due to declining of the priorities. The rationing levels of all demand classes finally decline to zero to reduce the inventory holding cost. The application of dynamic rationing is further extended from a single period model to a multi-period (S,T) model where unit cost has to be included. The optimal ordering policy is proved to be a myopic base stock policy and the dynamic rationing policy in the single period model can still be applied with modified time-independent penalty costs for lost sales classes. Too vercome the computational complexity, a heuristic dynamic rationing policy is introduced. Due to its good outcome, implementing such a heuristic dynamic rationing policy can be a practical solution for inventory system with mixed backorders and lost sales, in order to enhance the system performance.

  • 45.
    Wannapob, Rodhichoti
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Vagin, Mikhail
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Yu
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mak, Wing Cheung
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Functional Microparticles – “LEGO” for Printable Bioelectronics2016In: Biosensors 2016 – The World Congress on Biosensors, Elsevier, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Widerståhl, Christopher
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Effektiv försvarslogistik?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Defence Materiel (Försvarets Materielverk -FMV) faces a major redirection of its activities with an associated with reorganization. The new business is to deliver Defense Logistics Services to the Swedish Armed Forces (Försvarsmakten - FM). There is no existing Swedish definition for the term Defense Logistics. One purpose of this study has been to provide a proposed definition. FMV also requires a procedure for identifying relevant measurements, Key Performance Indicators (KPI), for arbitrary defense logistics systems, which can indicate whether the Defense Logistics Services delivered are effective or not.

     

    In order to create a definition, the first step in this study is has been to examine what the theory says about methods for crafting definitions. There implied a need for a large literature review, with the purpose of identifying how and what other organizations, business and theories relate to and how they use the term of Defense Logistics. The information from the literature review was used as inspirational input when applying the improvements method, which is one of the methods available when crafting definitions.

     

    The second purpose of this study has been to develop a procedure for identifying KPI:s related to Defense Logistics. This was also solved by a large literature review that identified existing logistical measurements and explained what KPI:s are and how they are used. The above logistical measurements together with measurements developed and derived from the definition were used to form a "comprehensive list" of possible Performance Indicators (PI).

     

    During the design of the procedure it was recognized that it was not feasible to create a generic method for every possible defense logistic system. It was therefore proposed, as future work is, to categorize systems with similar characteristics into system types. With e.g. total cost analysis and other empirical experience as a basis, KPI can be chosen for each system type and thereby forming "net lists" for each generic system type. If the part interested in measuring a defense logistics service is interested in further narrowing the "net list" of KPI, a couple of questions are provided to assist in this, based on the concerns of the interest party. 

  • 47.
    Yang, Cha
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Municipal Solid Waste Management in an urban area of China: Case studies of Shanghai, China and Linköping, Sweden.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the rapid and large increase of waste quantities, China, surpassed the USA as the world’s largest municipal solid waste (MSW) generator since 2004. The phenomena and critical issues of MSWM in China inspired this paper to investigate and analyse the MSWM in an urban area of China. Comparing with the increasing rates of MSW generation, little has been done concerning the municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Not only the local government and authorities are responsible for the MSWM, but also the individuals are playing a significant role in MSWM. An integrated waste management system should be built in order to improve the holistic MSW system and reduce the waste production. The aim of the study is to investigate and analyse the current status and problems of MSWM in an urban area of China and to analyse to what extent a viable reduction of the MSW can be implemented and management systems to be improved in the near future. In this study, two case studies of Shanghai and Linköping are employed and compared to explore the challenges and potentials for improving the MSWM system in China. The result indicated that inadequate facilities and infrastructure, less advanced technology, insufficient public participation, low awareness of environmental protection, problems in policy and laws are the major barriers for the improvement of MSWM. Involving international environmental cooperation activities, planning a sustainable and comprehensive policy and framework for MSWM, introducing economic incentive approaches, promoting the capacities of waste management technologies, raising public environmental awareness are believed to be viable solutions to improve the MSWM system in China.

  • 48.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    Hultman, MartinLinköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.Lee, FrancisLinköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Posthumanistiska nyckelstexter2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken introducerar några viktiga författare på samtidsaktuella teoriområden. Donna Haraway, Karen Barad, Rosi Braidotti, Michel Callon, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Michel Serres och Annemarie Mol presenteras i boken, som också innehåller översatta texter av dessa namn. Boken ger en bakgrund till och en överblick över ett område i intensiv teoriutveckling. Här presenteras den så kallade materiella, posthumana eller ontologiska vändningen. Här kartläggs grunderna för olika posthumanistiska förhållningssätt till de både mänskliga och icke-mänskliga (djur, miljö, teknik) krafterna i vår värld så som de begreppsliggjorts inom filosofi, feministisk teori, kulturstudier och samhällsvetenskapliga studier av naturvetenskap, medicin och teknik. Genom lästips och en omfattande litteraturlista öppnar boken för fortsatta studier och vidare diskussioner. Avslutningsvis finns också en omfattande ordlista med viktiga nyckelbegrepp som i sig ger en introduktion till ett heterogent forskningsfält. Boken riktar sig till studenter, doktorander och andra nyfikna forskare inom olika tvärvetenskapliga eller disciplinära former av humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.

    POSTHUMANISTISKA NYCKELTEXTER ger i de inledande kapitlen en överblick och en introduktion till posthumanistiska studier och till materiell-semiotik. Här behandlas tankeströmningar som rör det humanas natur, humanismens etik och humanvetenskapernas framtid. Boken ger en introduktion till det som inom genusvetenskap och tekniksociologi kommit att kallas den ontologiska vändningen mot de materiaaliteter och världsliga relationer som både gör och förgör oss. Här kartläggs grunderna för posthumanistiska förhållningssätt till de både mänskliga och icke-mänskliga (djur, miljö, teknik) dimensionerna av vår värld så som de begreppsliggjorts inom filosofi, feministisk teori, kulturstudier och sociala studier av vetenskap och teknik. 

    POSTHUMANISTISKA NYCKELTEXTER erbjuder introduktioner till viktiga författare och översättningar av nyckeltexter skrivna av Donna Haraway, Karen Barad, Rosi Braidotti, Michel Callon, Gilles Deleuze med Felix Guattari, Michel Serres och Annemarie Mol. Boken innehåller även en omfattande ordlista med viktiga nyckelbegrepp som i sig ger en introduktion till ett mångfaldigt forskningsfält.

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