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  • 1.
    Aamodt, Ina Thon
    et al.
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway; Lovisenberg Diaconal Univ Coll, Norway.
    Lie, Irene
    Oslo Univ Hosp, Norway; Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Norway.
    Lycholip, Edita
    Vilnius Univ, Lithuania; Vilnius Univ, Lithuania.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Celutkiene, Jelena
    Vilnius Univ, Lithuania.
    Helleso, Ragnhild
    Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Informal Caregivers Experiences with Performing Telemonitoring in Heart Failure Care at Home-A Qualitative Study2022Ingår i: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 10, nr 7, artikel-id 1237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal caregivers have an important role in caring for family members at home. Supporting persons with a chronic illness such as heart failure (HF) in managing their self-care is reported to be a challenge and telemonitoring has been suggested to be of support. Aim: to explore informal caregivers experiences with performing non-invasive telemonitoring to support persons with HF at home for 30 days following hospital discharge in Norway and Lithuania. Methods: A qualitative explorative study of informal caregivers performing non-invasive telemonitoring using lung-impedance measurements and short message service (SMS). Data was collected using semi-structured interviews with informal caregivers of persons with HF in NYHA class III-IV in Norway and Lithuania. Results: Nine interviews were conducted with informal caregivers of persons with HF who performed non-invasive telemonitoring at home. A sequential process of three categories emerged from the data: access to support, towards routinizing, and mastering non-invasive telemonitoring. Conclusion: Informal caregivers performed non-invasive telemonitoring for the first time in this study. Their experiences were of a sequential process that included access to support from health care professionals, establishing a routine together, and access to nurses or physicians in HF care as part of mastering. This study highlights involving informal caregivers and persons with HF together in the implementation and future research of telemonitoring in HF care.

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  • 2.
    Aasa, Agneta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hovbäck, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Det preoperativa informationssamtalets betydelse för patientens delaktighet i sin vård inom kolorektalkirurgi2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) är ett standardiserat multimodalt vårdprogram vid elektiv kolorektalkirurgi, som syftar till snabbare återhämtning och kortare vårdtider genom ett tvärprofessionellt samarbete.  En vecka innan planerad operation träffar sjuksköterskan patienten för ett samtal om vårdförloppet.

     

    Syfte: Att identifiera och beskriva patientens upplevelse av sjuksköterskans ERAS- samtal och dess betydelse för patientens delaktighet i sin vård. 

     

    Metod: Datainsamlingen skedde genom kvalitativa intervjuer. Tolv patienter, nio män och tre kvinnor har intervjuats. De ljudinspelade samtalen har transkriberats ordagrant och analyserats med hjälp av tolkande fenomenologisk analys (Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis).

     

    Resultat: Analysarbetet resulterade i fem olika teman; bli sedd, trygghet, tillit, ansvar samt delaktighet. Alla teman relaterar till varandra och illustrerar en positiv och en negativ sida av den upplevda erfarenheten. Tillsammans bildar en helhet av upplevelsen; ERAS- samtalet och dess betydelse för patientens delaktighet.

     

    Konklusion: Resultatet visar att patienterna känner sig sedda under informationssamtalet. Det är viktigt att bekräfta patienten och knyta an mer till informationssamtalet under vårdtiden för att patienterna ska vara delaktiga och ta eget ansvar. Tilliten till vårdpersonalen har betydelse för att patienterna ska känna trygghet. Studien visar att ERAS- samtalet upplevs strukturerat och individuellt men informationen måste följa patienterna under hela vårdtillfället.

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    magisteruppsats
  • 3.
    Adama, Esther Abena
    et al.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Adua, Eric
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Department of Biochemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Bayes, Sara
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Mörelius, Evalotte
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Perth Children’s Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Support needs of parents in neonatal intensive care unit: An integrative review.2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 31, nr 5-6, s. 532-547Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Having an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with intense emotional stress for both mothers and fathers. However, with the right support from staff, this stress can be reduced significantly. Although evidence on needs of parents in the neonatal unit exists, there is lack of a systematic integrative review on the support needs of parents in the neonatal unit. Current review evidence is needed to support busy neonatal unit clinicians in their practice.

    AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this integrative review is to explore the current available evidence to describe and understand the support needs of parents of infants in the NICU.

    METHODS: The integrative review process of Whittemore and Knafl (2005) was used to guide this study. Six databases-MEDLINE, CINHAL, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and PsycINFO-were searched for eligible studies using relevant keywords. Primary studies published in English language from 2010 to 2021 were reviewed following a pre-determined inclusion criteria. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were critically appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT). The review report is guided by the PRISMA 2020 checklist for systematic reviews.

    RESULTS: Overall, 24 primary qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies were included in the review. Analysis of included studies resulted in six themes that demonstrate the support needs of parents in the NICU; 1. Information needs; 2. Emotionally intelligent staff; 3. Hands-on support; 4. Targeted support; 5. Emotional needs; and 6. Practical needs.

    CONCLUSION: This review has presented the current evidence on the needs of parents from their own perspective. Healthcare workers' understanding and supporting these needs in the NICU is likely to increase parental satisfaction and improve health outcomes for parents, infants and their family.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Parents of infants in the NICU require staff support to enhance their experiences, well-being, caring and parenting confidence during admission and post-discharge. As parents are in constant need for informational, emotional and practical support, continuing professional development for NICU staff should place emphasis on effective communication strategies, enhancing emotional intelligence and empathy among staff. NICU staff should build positive ongoing relationships with parents and provide targetted support for mothers and fathers.

  • 4.
    Adebäck, Petra
    et al.
    Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundh, Lena
    Academic Primary Health Care Centre, Region Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Doris
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Children or adolescents who lost someone close during the Southeast Asia tsunami 2004 – The life as young2022Ingår i: Brain and Behavior, ISSN 2162-3279, E-ISSN 2162-3279, Vol. 12, nr 5, artikel-id e2563Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: To lose a person close suddenly, during childhood or adolescence, can be devastating. Many children or adolescents experienced the 2004 Indonesian tsunami when they were between 10- and 15-years-old. This study, from Stockholm, Sweden, describes the long-term effects of loss, eight- or nine-years post disaster, in young adulthood.

    Method: A mixed-method approach was used including statistical analyses (n = 210) and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA).

    Results: It was shown that there was a significant difference between bereaved (n=34) and nonbereaved (n = 176) respondents concerning, psychological distress, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and self-rated health. Three themes were found by using the IPA approach (n=9): Living in traumas, carrying heavy baggage, and living with change.

    Conclusion: The respondents described personal feelings of grief that are not expressed in their outward appearance or behavior in their daily living. When meeting young adults that have lost someone close in childhood or adolescence, this is important to have in mind.

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  • 5.
    Adebäck, Petra
    et al.
    Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lundh, Lena
    Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Academic Primary Health Care Center, Karolinska Institute, Region Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Doris
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Late Reminders Nine Years Post Disaster in Adults Who As Children or Adolescents Were Exposed to the 2004 Southeast Asian Tsunami2022Ingår i: Child Care in Practice, ISSN 1357-5279, E-ISSN 1476-489X, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 290-304Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The main aim of this study was to determine if young adults, who as children and adolescents were heavily exposed to the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia, had late reminders of this disaster nine years post disaster and, if so, how they handled these late reminders.

    Method: The subjects who had been exposed when they were between 10 and 15 years old were interviewed nine years post disaster when they had reached adulthood.

    Results: All those interviewed stated that they had experienced different late reminders of the 2004 tsunami even nine years later. They said that they could plan in advance or deal with late reminders should they occur. Two types of reminders were identified, one type designated as external and the other as internal. The interview subjects described how they had handled these reminders by striving for balance by thinking, talking, letting feelings out, doing something else or by avoiding.

    Conclusions: These young adults strived to find a balance between their function as adults in society and continued effects from the 2004 tsunami. A person, even if not affected functionally, can be affected in different ways in adulthood by the natural disaster they had experienced during childhood or adolescence. This is something important for anyone to think about when he or she meets persons who have been heavily exposed to a natural disaster many years earlier.

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  • 6.
    Aengerud, Karin Hellstroem
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Brannstrom, Margareta
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Sederholm Lawesson, Sofia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction as Described in Calls to Tele-Nurses and in Questionnaires A Mixed-Methods Study2023Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 150-157Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundPatient-reported symptoms of acute myocardial infarction (MI) may be affected by recall bias depending on when and where symptoms are assessed.AimThe aim of this study was to gain an understanding of patients symptom description in more detail before and within 24 hours after a confirmed MI diagnosis.MethodsA convergent parallel mixed-methods design was used to examine symptoms described in calls between the tele-nurse and the patient compared with symptoms selected by the patient from a questionnaire less than 24 hours after hospital admission. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately and then merged into a final interpretation.ResultsThirty patients (median age, 67.5 years; 20 men) were included. Chest pain was the most commonly reported symptom in questionnaires (24/30). Likewise, in 19 of 30 calls, chest pain was the first complaint mentioned, usually described together with the symptom onset. Expressions used to describe symptom quality were pain, pressure, discomfort, ache, cramp, tension, and soreness. Associated symptoms commonly described were pain or numbness in the arms, cold sweat, dyspnea, weakness, and nausea. Bodily sensations, such as feeling unwell or weak, were also described. Fear and tiredness were described in calls significantly less often than reported in questionnaires (P = .01 and P = .02), whereas "other" symptoms were more often mentioned in calls compared with answers given in the questionnaire (P = .02). Some symptoms expressed in the calls were not listed in the questionnaire, which expands the understanding of acute MI symptoms. The results showed no major inconsistencies between datasets.ConclusionPatients MI symptom descriptions in tele-calls and those reported in questionnaires after diagnosis are comparable and convergent.

  • 7.
    Ahlander, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Department of Radiology, Ryhov County Hospital, SE-55185, Jönköping, Sweden..
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Maret, Eva
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, SE-14186, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Health Science, Örebro University, SE-701 82, Örebro, Sweden..
    Positive effect on patient experience of video-information given prior to cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, a clinical trial2018Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, nr 5-6, s. 1250-1261Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: To evaluate the effect of video information given before cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging on patient anxiety and to compare patient experiences of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging versus myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. To evaluate if additional information has an impact on motion artefacts. Background: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are technically advanced methods for the evaluation of heart diseases. Although cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is considered to be painless, patients may experience anxiety due to the closed environment. Design: A prospective randomized intervention study, not registered. Methods: The sample (n=148) consisted of 97 patients referred for cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, randomized to receive either video information in addition to standard text-information (CMR-video/n=49) or standard text-information alone (CMR-standard/n=48). A third group undergoing myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (n=51) was compared with the cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging-standard group. Anxiety was evaluated before, immediately after the procedure and one week later. Five questionnaires were used: Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire, State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory, Hospital-Anxiety and Depression-scale, MRI-Fear-Survey-Schedule and the MRI-Anxiety-Questionnaire. Motion artefacts were evaluated by three observers, blinded to the information given. Data were collected between April 2015 and April 2016. The study followed the CONSORT guidelines RESULT: The CMR-video group scored lower (better) than the cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging-standard group in the factor Relaxation (p=0.039) but not in the factor Anxiety. Anxiety levels were lower during scintigraphic examinations compared to the CMR-standard group (p<0.001). No difference was found regarding motion artefacts between CMR-video and CMR-standard. Conclusion: Patient ability to relax during cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging increased by adding video information prior the exam, which is important in relation to perceived quality in nursing. No effect was seen on motion artefacts. Relevance To Clinical Practice: Video information prior to examinations can be an easy and time effective method to help patients cooperate in imaging procedures.

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  • 8. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Ahlberg, Mona
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Being cared for in an Intensive Care Unit – family functioning and support2022Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    När COVID - 19 kom in som en objuden gäst i vår vardag, har omvårdnad inom intensivvården påverkats, och gjort att studierna innehåller data både före och under COVID-19 pandemin.   

    Före pandemin erbjöd de flesta intensivvårdsavdelningar, som tar hand om patienter med kritisk sjukdom i en teknisk miljö, familjemedlemmar att besöka patienten dygnet runt. Detta är en stressig och skrämmande miljö för både patienten och dennes familj. De kan påverkas mentalt och fysiskt med bland annat symtom som sömnsvårigheter, stress och depression. Intensivvårdspatienten kommer ofta inte ihåg något från tiden de vårdats på intensiven och familjen behöver förklara och återberätta den förlorade tiden. Under pandemin förändrades detta, med restriktioner och begränsad möjlighet att besöka sjukhuset och patienten på grund av virusutbrott. Familjemedlemmar fick information om patientens sjukdomstillstånd, per telefon av en läkare.   

    Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling var att undersöka familjefunktionen hos familjer med en familjemedlem som vårdats på intensivvårdsavdelning. Det fanns också en avsikt att beskriva och utvärdera hur en intervention påverkar familjen och enskilda familjemedlemmar i familjer där en familjemedlem fick intensivvård.  

    I dessa studier användes kvalitativa, kvantitativa och mixad metod. Deltagarna var vuxna intensivvårdspatienter från sju intensivvårdskliniker och deras familjer. Resultaten som undersöks mellan familjer baseras på patient- och familjekarakteristika.  

    Resultatet i studie I, visar att familjer som erfarit COVID - 19 sjukdom och vårdats på intensivvårdsavdelning, har existentiella funderingar.   

    Studie II visar ingen större påverkan på familjefunktion mellan familjerna, men svaren skiljer sig inom familjen som erfarit intensivvård.

    I studie III där familjer som upplever intensivvård och deltagit i hälsostödjande familjesamtal visar en medvetenhet om familjefunktion. Samtalen för familjen närmare varandra, genom förbättrad förståelse av varandra.   

    I studie IV jämfördes familjefunktion, hopp om framtiden och känsla av sammanhang bland deltagarna i två interventionsgrupper: Hälsostödjande familjesamtal och stödgruppssamtal. Familjefunktion och hopp om fram-tiden var högre i gruppen som deltog i hälsostödjande familjesamtalen och begriplighet, meningsfullhet och vitalitet var högre bland deltagarna i stödgruppssamtalet.  

    Genom att utforska hur familjens funktion påverkar, den enskilde familjemedlemmen och familjen som enhet, av kritisk sjukdom och intensivvård kan nya arbetssätt stärkas i omvårdnaden av patienter och deras anhöriga.  

    Delarbeten
    1. Family Health Conversations create awareness of family functioning.
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Family Health Conversations create awareness of family functioning.
    2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nursing in Critical Care, ISSN 1362-1017, E-ISSN 1478-5153, nr 2, s. 102-108Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The whole family is affected if one family member is critically ill. The Family Health Conversation Intervention may give the family tools that support healthier family functioning.

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify which components of family function are affected when families participate in Family Health Conversations.

    DESIGN: A secondary analysis was performed of existing qualitative interviews. The Family Health Conversation is an intervention where nurses ask the family reflective questions, and reflection is made possible in three conversation sessions.

    METHODS: This study included transcribed data from 13 follow-up interviews from seven families attending Family Health Conversations after three and 12 months. Data were analysed with narrative analysis, focusing on family function.

    RESULTS: Three themes were identified. The families' family functioning had been supported with: improved understanding of each other-there was an understanding of being in the same situation but still having totally different experiences; more concern for each other-they talked about their different experiences and felt they had become closer to each other; and a process of working through-they had experienced working through various experiences, standing by and supporting, and then being able to move on.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Family Health Conversation Intervention is provided to families, accompanied by nurses. The families in this study gained an awareness of their family function that brought the family closer because of improved understanding of each other and the situation. The families experienced openness, and the family members spoke more freely with each other, which facilitated the progress of working through the experience of critical illness and helped to maintain healthy family functioning.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It is important to have an overall perspective and to recognize the patient and the family as equally important within the family for awareness of family function.

    Nyckelord
    family members, family nursing, intensive care, narrativism, secondary analysis
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Klinisk medicin
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157714 (URN)10.1111/nicc.12454 (DOI)000516973500006 ()31197904 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding agencies: Health Research Council in the South-East of Sweden [FORSS 466311]; Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Norrkoping, Sweden

    Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-19 Skapad: 2019-06-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-10
    2. Family Health Conversations Versus Support Group Conversations When a Family Member Has Been Critically Ill: A Mixed Methods Study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Family Health Conversations Versus Support Group Conversations When a Family Member Has Been Critically Ill: A Mixed Methods Study
    2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Families, Systems & Health, ISSN 1091-7527, E-ISSN 1939-0602, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 293-305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: When a family member has been critically ill and cared for at an intensive care unit the individual family member as well as the family system are affected and in need of support. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the responses from 2 different types of follow-up interventions for families of critically ill persons, focusing on individual hopes, health-related quality of life, family functioning and ability to cope with challenges. Method: Adult family members from 3 hospitals attended 1 of 2 interventions 2 months after intensive care. The family health conversation included the family. The support group conversation included just family members and not the patient who had experienced intensive care. Data were collected via self-reported questionnaires and follow-up interviews with family members. Quantitative and qualitative data were first analyzed separately, and the results were then integrated through mixed methods analysis. Results: A total of 38 family members took part in the interventions. Family members in the 2 intervention groups talked about how they had more hope for the future, and about how talking within the family and the group had helped them justify their feelings, which empowered them in the transition toward a healthier quality of life. Comparisons of the interventions show a higher significance of family function and hope in the family health conversation. Discussion: The article illustrates a disparity between how family members function and the needs they have for follow-up. We discuss what kind of follow-up these persons need.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    EDUCATIONAL PUBLISHING FOUNDATION-AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC, 2021
    Nyckelord
    family members; family nursing; family relations; intensive care; mixed methods
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Omvårdnad
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-178966 (URN)10.1037/fsh0000607 (DOI)000687054400012 ()34410772 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Health Research Council in the Southeast of Sweden [FORSS 466311]; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Norrkoping, Sweden; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden

    Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-07 Skapad: 2021-09-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-11-10
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  • 9.
    Ahlberg, Mona
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa.
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Family Health Conversations create awareness of family functioning2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Ahlberg, Mona
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Family functioning of families experiencing intensive care and the specific impact of the COVID-19 pandemic: A grounded theory study2023Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, Vol. 76, artikel-id 103397Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: In order to provide a deeper understanding of family functioning, the aim of this study was to identify, describe and conceptualise the family functioning of families where a formerly critically ill family member had stayed at the intensive care unit, with the impact of a pandemic.Research methodology/design: The study has a grounded theory design including interviews with eight families.Setting: Former adult intensive care patients cared for Covid-19 infection and their family. Eight patients and twelve family members from three different intensive care units.Main outcome measures: The results presented are grounded in data and identified in the core category "Existential issues" and the categories "Value considerateness; Anxiety and insecurity in life; Insight into the unpredictability of life." Findings: The core category could be found in all data and its relationship and impact on the categories and each other. The core is a theoretical construction, whereas the family functioning of families where a formerly critically ill family member had stayed at the intensive care unit was identified, described, and conceptualised. Being able to talk repeatedly about existential issues and the anxiety and insecurity in life, with people that have similar experiences helps the patient and their family to consider and gain insight into the unpredictability of life, and thereby better cope with changes in life.Conclusion: There is awareness about the love that exists within the family. A willing to supporting each other in the family even if the critical illness made the family anxious and afraid. Implications for clinical practice: Even if the pandemic Covid-19 led to restrictions inhibiting family focused nursing, it is important to confirm the family as a part of the caring of the ICU patient. The patients are not alone, their family are fighting together for the future.

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  • 11.
    Ahlberg, Mona
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Bäckman, Carl
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Jones, Christina
    Musculoskeletal Biology, Institute of Ageing & Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Walther, Sten
    Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hollman Frisman, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum.
    Moving on in life after intensive care - partners' experience of group communication2015Ingår i: Nursing in Critical Care, ISSN 1362-1017, E-ISSN 1478-5153, Vol. 20, nr 5, s. 256-263Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Partners have a burdensome time during and after their partners’ intensive care period. They may appear to be coping welloutwardly but inside feel vulnerable and lost. Evaluated interventions for partners on this aspect are limited.

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe the experience of participating in group communication with other partners of former intensivecare patients.

    Design:The study has a descriptive intervention-based design where group communication for partners of former, surviving intensive careunit (ICU) patients was evaluated.

    Methods:A strategic selection was made of adult partners to former adult intensive care patients (n=15), 5 men and 10 women, aged37–89 years. Two group communication sessions lasting 2 h were held at monthly intervals with three to five partners. The partners later wrote,in a notebook, about their feelings of participating in group communications. To deepen the understanding of the impact of the sessions, six ofthe partners were interviewed. Content analysis was used to analyse the notebooks and the interviews.

    Findings:Three categories were identified: (1) Emotional impact, the partners felt togetherness and experienced worries and gratitude, (2)Confirmation, consciousness through insight and reflection and (3) The meeting design, group constellation and recommendation to participatein group communication.

    Conclusion:Partners of an intensive care patient are on a journey, constantly trying to adapt to the new situation and find new strategiesto ever-changing circumstances. Group communications contributed to togetherness and confirmation. To share experiences with others is oneway for partners to be able to move forward in life.

    Relevance to clinical practice:Group communication with other patients’ partners eases the process of going through the burden ofbeing a partner to an intensive care patient. Group communications needs to be further developed and evaluated to obtain consensus andevidence for the best practice.

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  • 12.
    Ahlberg, Mona
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Exploring family functioning and - hardiness in families experiencing adult intensive care - A cross-sectional study2023Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, nr 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Being cared for in an intensive care unit affects both the patient being cared for and the family in various ways. The family is of great importance for the recovery of the former intensive-care patient. The aim is to explore family functioning and family hardiness in families of former intensive care patients. A cross-sectional study using two self-reported questionnaires. Former adult intensive care patients and their family were recruited to participate between December 2017 and June 2019. The data were coded and entered the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 25, for analysis. To explore questionnaire data, descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed. Scale values were calculated on, both family wise and between the patients and the family members. STROBE checklist was used. Data was collected from 60 families (60 former intensive cared patients and 85 family members) and showed that 50 families scored healthy family functioning and 52 high strengths in hardiness. The data showed small variations between and within families for family functioning and family hardiness, there were only two families scoring low for both family functioning and hardiness. The variation was higher within the families, but there was no significance level.The conclusions were that family functioning and hardiness was, to a large extent, assessed as good by the families. Nevertheless, it is important to help the family obtain information and support. So, the family need to continue to communicate, finding coping abilities and strengths in adopting new strategies to protect the family unit. The family are very important for members mental and physical recovery as the health of one family member affects the family as a unit.

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  • 13.
    Ahlberg, Mona
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Persson, Carina
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden.
    Berterö, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ågren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland.
    Family Health Conversations Versus Support Group Conversations When a Family Member Has Been Critically Ill: A Mixed Methods Study2021Ingår i: Families, Systems & Health, ISSN 1091-7527, E-ISSN 1939-0602, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 293-305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: When a family member has been critically ill and cared for at an intensive care unit the individual family member as well as the family system are affected and in need of support. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the responses from 2 different types of follow-up interventions for families of critically ill persons, focusing on individual hopes, health-related quality of life, family functioning and ability to cope with challenges. Method: Adult family members from 3 hospitals attended 1 of 2 interventions 2 months after intensive care. The family health conversation included the family. The support group conversation included just family members and not the patient who had experienced intensive care. Data were collected via self-reported questionnaires and follow-up interviews with family members. Quantitative and qualitative data were first analyzed separately, and the results were then integrated through mixed methods analysis. Results: A total of 38 family members took part in the interventions. Family members in the 2 intervention groups talked about how they had more hope for the future, and about how talking within the family and the group had helped them justify their feelings, which empowered them in the transition toward a healthier quality of life. Comparisons of the interventions show a higher significance of family function and hope in the family health conversation. Discussion: The article illustrates a disparity between how family members function and the needs they have for follow-up. We discuss what kind of follow-up these persons need.

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  • 14.
    Ahldén, Ingegerd
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alehagen, Siw
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Josefsson, Ann
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Obstetrik och gynekologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Kvinnokliniken i Linköping.
    Parents' Expectations About Participating in Antenatal Parenthood Education Classes2012Ingår i: The Journal of Perinatal Education, ISSN 1058-1243, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 11-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our objective was to assess parents' expectations about participating in antenatal parenthood education classes and to determine whether their expectations might be related to gender, age, and educational level. Data from 1,117 women and 1,019 partners residing in three cities in Sweden were collected with a questionnaire in a cross-sectional study. Participants believed that antenatal education classes would help them to feel more secure as parents and to be better oriented toward childbirth. Men had more positive expectations about the childbirth than the women. The participants mostly wanted help in preparing for parenthood and in learning infant care skills, followed by help in preparing for childbirth. The participants' expectations were affected by gender, age, and educational level. The expectant parents appeared to want more focus on preparation for parenthood than on childbirth.

  • 15.
    Ahldén, Maria KC
    et al.
    Oslo University, Norway.
    Helén, Rönning
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Jönköping University.
    Agren, Susanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Facing the unexpected - A content analysis of how dyads face the challenges of postoperative heart failure2014Ingår i: Clinical Nursing Studies, ISSN 2324-7940, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 74-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the challenges, strategies and needs of dyads who are dealing with postoperative heart failure.

    Background: An increasing number of patients with postoperative heart failure are living with their partner as primary caregiver. Heart failure is known to reduce quality of life but little is known about the strategies dyads use to cope with postoperative heart failure or what kind of support they need.

    Methods: Data were collected through semi-structured dialogue guides. Content analysis was performed to derive the main themes and categories of the data.

    Results: Three main themes were derived from the data; Everyday challenges, Strategies to deal with everyday challenges and Factors facilitating everyday life.

    Conclusions: Dyads living with postoperative heart failure find the change in everyday life challenging, but have strategies to handle the situation and know what kind of help they need. With the right help from health care, quality of life and self-care can be improved.

  • 16.
    Ahlgren, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Luppen kunskapscentrum.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kartläggning av barn i behov av stöd år 2002: Eksjö kommun2003Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport bygger på enkätsvar från olika myndigheter i Eksjö kommun som har rapporterat de barn/ungdomar i åldern 0-18 år som man i sin verksamhet kommer i kontakt med och som man känner oro för, p.g.a. en ogynnsam utveckling. Tjugo förutbestämda kriterier användes för att beskriva orsaken till myndighetens oro. Myndigheterna har också rapporterat om de insatser som görs redan idag samt om man bedömer att det kan bli aktuellt med ytterligare insatser nu eller i framtiden.

    Totalt inrapporterades 842 barn och ungdomar. Socialförvaltningen rapporterade 78 barn och ungdomar, Barnavårdscentralen 30 barn och skolan 689 barn och ungdomar. Av 45 enkätsvar framgår det inte vem som är rapportör. Vid bearbetningen av insamlat material har 10 enkätsvar uteslutits eftersom de inte var tillräckligt ifyllda. 103 enkätsvar uteslöt för att de flerrapporterade barn och/eller ungdomar och 17 enkätsvar uteslöts eftersom de rapporterade ungdomar som inte är skrivna i Eksjö kommun. Slutligen kom 712 barn och ungdomar att ingå i kartläggningen. Detta är drygt 18,8 % av alla aktuella barn och ungdomar. Av dessa är en klar majoritet pojkar (446 dvs. 62,6 %). För hela målgruppen främst tre huvudorsaker som ger anledning till oro hos berörda myndigheter. Det är;

    1. Föräldrarna brister i omsorgen, i stödet till den unge eller möjligheten att ge stimulans pågrund av sociala, mentala, fysiska eller psykiska handikapp och/eller missbruksproblem. För130 (av 712) barn och ungdomar anser man att det är huvudorsaken till oro.
    2. Barn/ungdomar som är introverta (tysta, blyga, nedstämda, mutister). För 69 av (712) barnoch ungdomar är det huvudorsaken till att man känner oro.
    3. Föräldrars separation eller ständiga konflikter påverkar den unge negativt. För 66 av (712)barn och ungdomar är det huvudorsaken till att man känner oro.

    Resultatredovisningen visar att skolan är den myndighet vars insatser dominerande är det också så att olika insatser inom skolan dominerar. Vanligast är undervisning i liten grupp och olika typer av specialundervisning. Olika typer av anpassad studiegång är också en vanlig insats att möta barn och ungdomar med olika svårigheter. Även olika psykosociala åtgärder förekommer också t.ex. stödsamtal med skolsköterska eller kurator. Vanligast av socialförvaltningens insatser är kontaktperson/familj.

    Berörda myndigheter uppmanas också att föreslå olika typer av nya insatser för de rapporterade barnen och ungdomarna. Även här dominerar olika typer av skolinriktade insatser. Vanliga förslag är undervisning i liten grupp och/eller olika typer av specialundervisning. När socialförvaltningen anses vara ansvarig myndigheter för önskade insatser föreslår rapporterande myndigheter allt från olika typer av familjestöd till direkta förslag till omhändertagande och placering på behandlingshem.

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    Kartläggning av barn i behov av stöd år 2002: Eksjö kommun
  • 17.
    Aho, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Cty Hosp Ryhov, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Perceptions of the transition from receiving the diagnosis recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy to becoming in need of human support and using a wheelchair: an interview study2019Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 41, nr 19, s. 2289-2298Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe perceptions of the transition from receiving the diagnosis recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy to becoming in need of human support to manage daily life and using a wheelchair for ambulation, from the affected young adults and their parents perspectives. Method: A qualitative and descriptive study design was used. Semi-structured interviews were held with 14 young adults diagnosed with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and 19 parents. Phenomenography was used for data analysis. Results: The diagnosis was described as being a shock and difficult to comprehend but also as a relief and a tool for information. Beginning to use a wheelchair was perceived to be mentally difficult but it also provided freedom. New ways of living involved physical, emotional, practical, and social difficulties as well as experiences of learning to adapt to the disease. The transition was overshadowed by concern about disease progression and influenced by facilitating factors, which were young adult being seen as a person; supportive family and friends; mobilized internal resources; meaningful daily activities; adapted environment; and professional support. Conclusions: The different perceptions expressed in this study highlight the importance of identifying personal perceptions and needs in order to optimize support provided by healthcare professionals.

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  • 18.
    Aho, Anna Carin
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Cty Hosp, Psychiat Clin, Jonkoping, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Hälsa, Aktivitet, Vård (HAV). Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Young adults' experiences of living with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy from a salutogenic orientation: an interview study.2015Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 37, nr 22, s. 2083-2091Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To describe young adults' experiences of living with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2) from a salutogenic orientation. Methods: A qualitative explorative interview study, including 14 participants aged 20-30 years, was performed focusing on comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness in daily life. Content analysis was used for data analysis. Result: Living with LGMD2 not only implies learning to live with the disease and the variations between good and bad periods but also means trying to make sense of a progressive disease that brings uncertainty about future health, by striving to make the best of the situation. Disease progression involves practical and mental struggle, trying to maintain control over one's life despite vanished physical functions that require continual adjustments to the body. Restrictions in a double sense were described, not only due to the disease but also due to poor comprehension of the disease in society. Lack of knowledge about LGMD2 among professionals often results in having to fight for the support needed. Conclusion: In order to manage daily life, it is important to be seen and understood as an individual in contacts with professionals and in society in general, to have informal social support and meaningful activities as well as access to personal assistance if necessary. Implications for Rehabilitation Recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2) is a group of progressive disorders, which manifest in physical and psychological consequences for the individual. According to the salutogenic orientation, people need to find life comprehensible, manageable and meaningful, i.e. to achieve a sense of coherence (SOC), but living with LGMD2 may recurrently challenge the individual's SOC. Through the holistic view of the individual's situation that the salutogenic orientation provides, professionals may support the individual to strengthen SOC and thereby facilitate the movement towards health.

  • 19.
    Aho, Anna-Carin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hultsjö, Sally
    Ryhovs sjukhus, Landstinget i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Health perceptions of young adults living with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy2016Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, nr 8, s. 1915-1925Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:

    The aim of this study was to describe health perceptions related to sense of coherence among young adults living with recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.

    BACKGROUND:

    Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy refers to a group of progressive muscular disorders that may manifest in physical disability. The focus in health care is to optimize health, which requires knowledge about the content of health as described by the individual.

    DESIGN:

    A descriptive study design with qualitative and quantitative data were used.

    METHOD:

    Interviews were conducted between June 2012-November 2013 with 14 participants aged 20-30 years. The participants also answered the 13-item sense of coherence questionnaire. Qualitative data were analysed with content analysis and related to self-rated sense of coherence.

    FINDINGS:

    Health was viewed as intertwined physical and mental well-being. As the disease progressed, well-being was perceived to be influenced not only by physical impairment and mental strain caused by the disease but also by external factors, such as accessibility to support and attitudes in society. Factors perceived to promote health were having a balanced lifestyle, social relations and meaningful daily activities. Self-rated sense of coherence varied. The median score was 56 (range 37-77). Those who scored ≥56 described to a greater extent satisfaction regarding support received, daily pursuits and social life compared with those who scored <56.

    CONCLUSION:

    Care should be person-centred. Caregivers, with their knowledge, should strive to assess how the person comprehends, manages and finds meaning in daily life. Through dialogue, not only physical, psychological and social needs but also health-promoting solutions can be highlighted.

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  • 20.
    Ahonen, Hanna
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Kvarnvik, Christine
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden; Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden; Jonkoping Cty Council, Sweden.
    Norderyd, Ola
    Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden; Jonkoping Cty Council, Sweden; Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US. Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor I
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden; Karlstad Univ, Sweden.
    Clinical and self-reported measurements to be included in the core elements of the World Dental Federations theoretical framework of oral health2021Ingår i: International Dental Journal, ISSN 0020-6539, E-ISSN 1875-595X, Vol. 71, nr 1, s. 53-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Oral health is part of general health, and oral diseases share risk factors with several non-communicable diseases. The World Dental Federation (FDI) has published a theoretical framework illustrating the complex interactions between the core elements of oral health (CEOHs): driving determinants, moderating factors, and general health and well-being. However, the framework does not specify which self-reported or clinical measurements to be included in the CEOHs. Objectives To explore oral health measurements relevant for a general adult population to be included in the CEOHs in the FDIs theoretical framework of oral health. Materials and methods A psychometric study was performed, using cross-sectional data from Sweden (N = 630, 54% women, mean age 49.7 years). The data set initially consisted of 186 self-reported and clinical measurements. To identify suitable measurements, the selection was discussed in different settings, including both experts and patients. Principal component analyses (PCAs) were performed to explore, reduce and evaluate measurements to be included in the three CEOHs. Internal consistency was estimated by Cronbachs Alpha. Results The validation process yielded 13 measurements (four clinical, nine self-reported) in concordance with the CEOHs. PCAs confirmed robust validity regarding the construction, predicting 60.85% of variance, representing psychosocial function (number of measurements = 5), disease and condition status (number of measurements = 4), and physiological function (number of measurements = 4). Cronbachs Alpha indicated good to sufficient internal consistency for each component in the constructs (alpha = 0.88, 0.68, 0.61, respectively). Conclusion In a Swedish general adult population, 13 self-reported and clinical measurements can be relevant to include to operationalise CEOHs in the FDIs theoretical framework.

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  • 21.
    Ahonen, Hanna
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Pakpour, Amir
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Norderyd, Ola
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden; Inst Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US. Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Fransson, Eleonor I
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden; Karlstad Univ, Sweden.
    Applying World Dental Federation Theoretical Framework for Oral Health in a General Population2022Ingår i: International Dental Journal, ISSN 0020-6539, E-ISSN 1875-595X, Vol. 72, nr 4, s. 536-544Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The World Dental Federation (FDI) has recently proposed a new definition and theoretical framework of oral health. The theoretical framework includes 4 main components and describes the relationships amongst them. In 2020, an international work group proposed the minimum Adult Oral Health Standard Set (AOHSS) of variables to measure oral health, which was mapped onto the FDIs theoretical framework. By using an empirical data set, the proposed variables in the AOHSS and the potential interactions amongst the components of the FDIs theoretical framework can be tested. The purpose of this research was to investigate structural relations of the components of the FDIs theoretical framework of oral health based on data from a general adult population. Methods: Data from a previously conducted Swedish cross-sectional study focusing on oral health were utilised (N = 630; women, 55.2%; mean age, 49.7 years [SD, 19.2]). Variable selection was guided by the AOHSS. Structural equation modeling was used to analyse relationships amongst the components of the FDIs theoretical model (core elements of oral health, driving determinants, moderating factors, and overall health and well-being). Results: The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14, xerostomia, and aesthetic satisfaction had statistically significant direct effects on overall health and well-being (p &lt; .05). Driving determinants and moderating factors had statistically significant direct effects on all core elements of oral health (p &lt; .05) except aesthetic satisfaction (p = .616). The predictors explained 24.1% of the variance of the latent variable overall health and well-being. Based on several indices, the proposed model showed acceptable model fit. Conclusions: The FDIs theoretical framework can be used to describe different components of oral health and the relationship amongst them in an adult general population. Further research based on the FDIs theoretical framework in other populations and settings is needed to explore complex interactions and possible relationships that form oral health and to investigate other or additional important social determinants. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of FDI World Dental Federation.

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  • 22.
    Alehagen, Siw
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hägg, Monica
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Kalén-Enterlöv, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Johansson, AnnaKarin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Experiences of community health nurses regarding father participation in child health care2011Ingår i: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 153-162Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally child health care (CHC) has been an arena where mothers and nurses meet, but in recent years fathers are entering CHC with increasing frequency. The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of fathers’ participation in CHC. Nine Swedish nurses working in CHC were interviewed and asked to give a description of their experiences from meetings with fathers in CHC. Phenomenology according to Giorgi was used for the analysis and the essence of the findings was that father participation was seen from the perspective of mother participation and was constantly compared to mother participation in CHC. The essence is explicated in the following themes: participation through activities; equal participation although diverse; influence of structures in society; and strengthening participation. Clinical implications include the need for creating a separate identity in CHC for fathers and more communication directed at fathers.

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  • 23.
    Alftberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Behm, Lina
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University,Växjö, Sweden.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Rasmussen, Birgit H.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. Birgit.Rasmussen@med.lu.se; The Institute for Palliative Care, Region Skane and Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Conversations about Death and Dying with Older People: An Ethnographic Study in Nursing Homes2018Ingår i: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 6, nr 2, artikel-id 63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing homes are often places where older persons amp;ldquo;come to die.amp;rdquo; Despite this, death and dying are seldom articulated or talked about. The aim of this study was to explore assistant nursesamp;rsquo; experiences of conversations about death and dying with nursing home residents. This study is part of an implementation project through a knowledge-based educational intervention based on palliative care principles. An ethnographic study design was applied in seven nursing homes, where eight assistant nurses were interviewed and followed in their daily assignments through participant observations. The assistant nurses stated that they had the knowledge and tools to conduct such conversations, even though they lacked the time and felt that emotional strain could be a hinder for conversations about death and dying. The assistant nurses used the strategies of distracting, comforting, and disregarding either when they perceived that residentsamp;rsquo; reflections on death and dying were part of their illness and disease or when there was a lack of alignment between the residentsamp;rsquo; contemplations and the concept of dying well. They indicated that ambivalence and ambiguity toward conversations about death and dying should be taken into consideration in future implementations of knowledge-based palliative care that take place in nursing homes after this project is finalized.

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  • 24.
    Alicia, Andersson
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Rudklint, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Röster som inte hörs eller frågas efter: En allmän litteraturstudie om hur personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning beskriver upplevelser av sjukvården2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Risken att drabbas av ohälsa är större hos personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning än hos befolkningen i övrigt. Personerna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning söker vård i mindre utsträckning och erhåller idag en sämre vård än befolkningen i övrigt när de söker. Sjuksköterskan möter människor med olika behov. Bemötande, kommunikation och relation med patienter är centrala delar i omvårdnaden. 

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva upplevelser av bemötande inom sjukvården hos personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning. 

    Design: En allmän litteraturstudie med ett systematiskt tillvägagångsätt. 

    Metod: I arbetets datainsamling användes databaserna PubMed och Scopus. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades efter inspiration från Granheim och Lundmans (2004) innehållsanalys. Totalt inkluderades 10st kvalitativa artiklar. 

    Resultat: Sex kategorier gestaltar upplevelserna: Information och förståelse, vårdrelationer, ledsagarens roll, icke verbal kommunikation, talad till eller talad om och stereotyper. Resultatet visar att information inte alltid kommer fram, att informationen misstolkas och att personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning upplever att de inte alltid förstår vad som sker eller vad som beslutas om deras egen vård. 

    Slutsats: Sjukvårdspersonalen behöver anpassa sitt bemötande utefter personer med Intellektuella funktionsnedsättningars speciella behov, då upplevelserna 

    av bemötande som redovisats i detta arbete påvisar låg delaktighet. En otydlighet vid förklaringar och en okunskap vid bemötande av personer med en intellektuell funktionsnedsättning kan ligga till grund för de negativa upplevelser som presenterats i arbetet .

  • 25.
    Allemann, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US. Sue and Bill Gross School of Nursing, University of California Irvine, USA.
    Thylén, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Perceived Social Support in Persons With Heart Failure Living With an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: A Cross-sectional Explorative Study2018Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. E1-E8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The links between chronic illness, psychological well-being, and social support have previously been established. Social isolation and loneliness have shown an increased mortality risk for those with heart failure (HF). Increasingly more people with HF are living with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), but only a few small-scale studies have focused on social support in this population.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore factors related to perceived social support in a large cohort of individuals with HF living with an ICD.

    METHODS: All eligible adult ICD recipients in the Swedish ICD registry were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. For this analysis, those with HF and complete data on perceived social support were included (N = 1550; age, 67.3 (SD, 9.8) years; 19.5% female).

    RESULTS: Most reported a high level of social support, but 18% did not. In logistic regression, living alone was the greatest predictor of low/medium support. Lower social support for those living alone was associated with poorer perceived health status, having symptoms of depression, and experiencing low perceived control. For those living with someone, lower support was associated with female gender, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and less control. Heart failure status and perceived symptom severity were not related to the outcome.

    CONCLUSION: One in five participants reported low/medium social support. Our study underlines the complex relationships between perceived social support, psychological well-being and perceived control over the heart condition. Multiple aspects need to be taken into account when developing interventions to provide psychosocial support and optimize outcomes in this patient group.

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  • 26.
    Allemann, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sund-Levander, Märta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Nurses' actions in response to nursing assistants' observations of signs and symptoms of infections among nursing home residents2015Ingår i: Nursing Open, ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 97-104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    To describe what nurses do during episodes of suspected infection in elderly nursing home residents and if these actions are linked to who is initiating an episode and whether the episode is considered an infection or not.

    Design

    Prospective descriptive study. Data were collected in 2008–2010.

    Methods

    Summarized and categorized documentation by nursing assistants and nurses was used for summative content analysis.

    Results

    Nurses' actions seem to be related to who initiated the episode and if the episodes are categorized as ‘non-infection’, ‘possible infection’ or ‘infection’. Actions could be ‘observation’, ‘screenings’, ‘engaged in waiting’, ‘follow-ups’, ‘nurse-prescribed actions’, ‘diagnosing’, ‘contacting the physician’, ‘carrying out an action prescribed by the physician’, ‘contacting an ambulance or arranging an emergency visit to the hospital’ and ‘prescribing screening’. As NAs often initiate episodes of suspected infection by observing changed conditions, it seems important to include the NA in the decision-making process as these observations could detect possible early signs and symptoms of infections.

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  • 27.
    Almeland, Stian Kreken
    et al.
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway; Norwegian Directorate Hlth, Norway.
    Depoortere, Evelyn
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Jennes, Serge
    Grand Hop Charleroi, Belgium.
    Sjöberg, Folke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Basanta, J. Alfonso Lozano
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Zanatta, Sofia
    European Commiss, Belgium.
    Alexandru, Calin
    Minist Internal Affairs, Romania.
    Ramon Martinez-Mendez, Jose
    Hosp Univ La Paz, Spain.
    van der Vlies, Cornelis H.
    Maasstad Hosp, Netherlands; Erasmus MC, Netherlands.
    Hughes, Amy
    Int Network Training Educ & Res Burns, Wales; Barts Hlth NHS Trust, England; Essex & Herts Air Ambulance Charitable Trust, England.
    Barret, Juan P.
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Spain.
    Moiemen, Naiem
    Univ Hosp Birmingham Fdn Trust, England; Univ Birmingham, England.
    Leclerc, Thomas
    Percy Mil Teaching Hosp, France.
    Burn mass casualty incidents in Europe: A European response plan within the European Union Civil Protection Mechanism2022Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 48, nr 8, s. 1794-1804Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Burn care is centralized in highly specialized burn centers in Europe. These centers are of limited capacity and may be overwhelmed by a sudden surge in case of a burn mass casualty incident. Prior incidents in Europe and abroad have sustained high standards of care through well-orchestrated responses to share the burden of care in several burn centers. A burn mass casualty incident in Romania in 2015 sparked an initiative to strengthen the existing EU mechanisms. This paper aims to provide insight into developing a response plan for burn mass casualties within the EU Civil Protection Mechanism. Methods: The European Burns Association drafted medical guidelines for burn mass casualty incidents based on a literature review and an in-depth analysis of the Romanian incident. An online questionnaire surveyed European burn centers and EU States for burn mass casualty preparedness. Results: The Romanian burn mass casualty in 2015 highlighted the lack of a burn-specific mechanism, leading to the late onset of international transfers. In Europe, 71% of respondents had existing mass casualty response plans, though only 35% reported having a burn-specific plan. A burns response plan for burn mass casualties was developed and adopted as a Commission staff working document in preparation for further implementation. The plan builds on the existing Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework and the standards of the WHO Emergency Medical Teams initiative to provide 1) burn assessment teams for specialized in-hospital triage of patients, 2) specialized burn care across European burn centers, and 3) medevac capacities from participating states. Conclusion: The European burn mass casualty response plan could enable the delivery of high-level burn care in the face of an overwhelming incident in an affected European country. Further steps for integration and implementation of the plan within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism framework are needed.

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  • 28.
    Amin, Awin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Nordén, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Urologiska kliniken i Östergötland.
    Fomichov, Victoria
    Region Östergötland, Regionledningskontoret, Enheten för folkhälsa. Linköpings universitet.
    Björnsson, Bergthor
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Lindhoff Larsson, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sandström, Per A
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Drott, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper.
    Patient-reported participation in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery cancer care: A pilot intervention study with patient-owned fast-track protocols2022Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 31, nr 3, artikel-id e13570Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Fast-track concepts have been implemented in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery cancer care to improve postoperative recovery. For optimal postoperative care, patient participation is also required. The aim was to investigate and analyse whether an intervention with patient-owned fast-track protocols (PFTPs) may lead to increased patient participation and improve information for patients who underwent surgery for hepatopancreatobiliary cancer. Methods A quantitative comparative design with a control and intervention group was used. The participants in the intervention group followed a PFTP during their admission. After discharge, the patients answered a questionnaire regarding patient participation. Data analyses were performed with descriptive statistics and ANCOVA. Results The results are based on a total of 222 completed questionnaires: 116 in the control group and 106 in the intervention group. It is uncertain whether the PFTP increased patient participation and information, but its use may indicate an improvement for the patient group. Conclusion A successful implementation strategy for the use of PFTP, with daily reconciliations, could be part of the work required to improve overall satisfaction with patient participation.

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  • 29.
    Amofah, Hege Andersen
    et al.
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    Broström, Anders
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US. Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Instenes, Irene
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Linnaeus Univ, Sweden.
    Haaverstad, Rune
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Kuiper, Karel
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway.
    Ranhoff, Anette Hylen
    Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Norekval, Tone M.
    Haukeland Hosp, Norway; Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Octogenarian patients sleep and delirium experiences in hospital and four years after aortic valve replacement: a qualitative interview study2021Ingår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikel-id e039959Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives Sleep disturbances and delirium are frequently observed complications after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcutaneous aortic valve implantation (TAVI), especially in octogenarian patients. However, a knowledge gap exists on patient experiences of sleep and delirium. In particular, patients long-term sleep and delirium experiences are unknown. This article explores and describes how octogenarian patients suffering from delirium after aortic valve replacement experience their sleep and delirium situation. Design An explorative and descriptive design with a longitudinal qualitative approach was applied. Qualitative content analysis following the recommended steps of Graneheim and Lundman was performed. Setting Patients were included at a tertiary university hospital with 1400 beds. Delirium and insomnia screening was performed at baseline and five postoperative days after aortic valve treatment. For qualitative data, 10 patients were interviewed 6-12 months after treatment with focus on delirium. Five of these patients were reinterviewed 4 years after treatment, with focus on their sleep situation. Participants Inclusion criteria; age 80+, treated with SAVR or TAVI and had experienced delirium after treatment. Results For the initial interview, we included five men and five women, four following TAVI and six following SAVR, mean age 83. One overarching theme revealed from the content analyses; Hours in bed represented emotional chaos. Whereas three subthemes described the patients experiences with sleep and delirium, a cascade of distressful experiences disturbing sleep, the struggle between sleep and activity and elements influencing sleep. Four years after the treatment, sleep disturbances persisted, and patients still remembered strongly the delirium incidences. Conclusions For octogenarian patients, sleep disturbances and delirium are long-term burdens and need a greater attention in order to improve patient care.

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  • 30.
    Andersch-Björkman, Ylva
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Micu, Emanuela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Seifert, Oliver
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Lonne-Rahm, Sol-Britt
    Malarsjukhuset, Sweden.
    Gillstedt, Martin
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Osmancevic, Amra
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Effects of brodalumab on psoriasis and depressive symptoms in patients with insufficient response to TNF-a inhibitors2023Ingår i: Journal of dermatology (Print), ISSN 0385-2407, E-ISSN 1346-8138, Vol. 50, nr 11, s. 1401-1414Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to evaluate emotions of depression and anxiety in psoriatic patients that due to insufficient response to tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibition (TNF-alpha), underwent a treatment switch from TNF-alpha to interleukin 17 inhibition using brodalumab. The Self-rated Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used to assess depression and anxiety. A total of 20 patients with psoriasis were enrolled in the study. They were monitored for a period of 3 months following the transition to brodalumab treatment. The results showed a significant improvement in both the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index as well as symptoms of depression; anxiety symptoms showed a reduction, though not statistically significant. Perhaps of more interest, the positive effects on depression and anxiety seem to be independent of the reduction in skin related psoriatic lesions. These findings highlight the importance of addressing depressive and anxiety symptoms, together with psoriasis severity and quality of life, when managing patients with psoriasis.

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  • 31.
    Anderson, Peter
    et al.
    Newcastle University, England; Maastricht University, Netherlands.
    Coulton, Simon
    University of Kent, England.
    Kaner, Eileen
    Newcastle University, England.
    Bendtsen, Preben
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i västra Östergötland, Medicinska specialistkliniken.
    Kloda, Karolina
    Pomeranian Medical University, Poland.
    Reynolds, Jillian
    Hospital Clin Barcelona, Spain.
    Segura, Lidia
    Govt Catalonia, Spain.
    Wojnar, Marcin
    Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.
    Mierzecki, Artur
    Pomeranian Medical University, Poland.
    Deluca, Paolo
    Kings Coll London, England.
    Newbury-Birch, Dorothy
    University of Teesside, England.
    Parkinson, Kathryn
    Newcastle University, England.
    Okulicz-Kozaryn, Katarzyna
    State Agency Prevent Alcohol Related Problems, Poland.
    Drummond, Colin
    Kings Coll London, England; South London and Maudsley NHS Fdn Trust, England.
    Gual, Antoni
    Hospital Clin Barcelona, Spain.
    Delivery of Brief Interventions for Heavy Drinking in Primary Care: Outcomes of the ODHIN 5-Country Cluster Randomized Trial2017Ingår i: Annals of Family Medicine, ISSN 1544-1709, E-ISSN 1544-1717, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 335-340Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE We aimed to test whether 3 strategies-training and support, financial reimbursement, and an option to direct screen-positive patients to an Internet-based method of giving brief advice-have a longer-term effect on primary care clinicians delivery of screening and advice to heavy drinkers operationalized with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) tool. METHODS We undertook a cluster randomized factorial trial with a 12-week implementation period in 120 primary health care units throughout Catalonia, England, Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden. Units were randomized to 8 groups: care as usual (control); training and support alone; financial reimbursement alone; electronic brief advice alone; paired combinations of these conditions; and all 3 combined. The primary outcome was the proportion of consulting adult patients (aged 18 years and older) receiving intervention-screening and, if screen-positive, advice-at 9 months. RESULTS Based on the factorial design, the ratio of the log of the proportion of patients given intervention at the 9-month follow-up was 1.39 (95% CI, 1.03-1.88) in units that received training and support as compared with units that did not. Neither financial reimbursement nor directing screen-positive patients to electronic brief advice led to a higher proportion of patients receiving intervention. CONCLUSIONS Training and support of primary health care units has a lasting, albeit small, impact on the proportion of adult patients given an alcohol intervention at 9 months.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Elenor
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Johansson, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    "Jag var där och jag var närvarande": Förstagångspappors erfarenheter av delaktighet i samband med förlossnings- och BB-vistelsen2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag uppmuntras pappor att vara närvarande och aktiva under graviditet och förlossning, något som påverkar hela familjen positivt. Delaktighet kan upplevas och uttryckas på olika sätt. Studier har visat att pappor inte varit så delaktiga som de önskat och haft svårt att hitta sin roll. Syfte: Identifiera och beskriva förstagångspappors erfarenheter av delaktighet under normal förlossning och BB-vistelse. Metod: En kvalitativ studie med induktiv ansats valdes. Fjorton intervjuer utfördes där materialet analyserades utifrån tematisk analys enligt Braun & Clarke. Fynd: Två huvudteman och sju underteman identifierades. Första huvudtemat var aktivt agerande med undertemana praktisk och verbalt agerande, rollen som ställföreträdare, involveras till handling. Andra huvudtemat var aktiv närvaro med undertemana finnas med, känslomässigt deltagande, deltagande i en livshändelse, bli sedd och bekräftad. Papporna vill vara delaktiga och upplever det positivt att bli involverade av barnmorskan till att delta aktivt. Delaktigheten stärks av att papporna blir sedda och bekräftade av barnmorskorna som blivande och nyblivna pappor. Delaktigheten riskerar att utebli om papporna inte får den information de behöver eller då de inte själva efterfrågar den. Konklusion: Förstagångspappors erfarenheter av delaktighet kan innebära både ett aktivt agerande och en aktiv närvaro.

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  • 33.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Kroon, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nationell kartläggning av farmakologiska rutiner och information i samband med tonsilloperation av barn och ungdomar2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Tonsilloperation är den vanligaste kirurgin som utförs på barn och ungdomar. Operationen medför långvarig smärta samt hög frekvens av illamående. I Sverige år 2012 kontaktade nästan en fjärdedel av alla föräldrar till barn som genomgått tonsillkirurgi sjukvården p.g.a. ej acceptabel smärta.

    Syfte: Syftet var att i en nationell studie kartlägga farmakologiska rutiner och informationen i samband med tonsilloperation hos barn och ungdomar.

    Metod: Kvantitativ deskriptiv studie, vilket utfördes som en enkätstudie där populationen var 52 öron-näs hals-kliniker i Sverige. Respondenter var öronläkare, öronsjuksköterska, anestesiläkare och anestesisjuksköterska (totalt 163 enkäter).

    Resultat: Svarsfrekvensen var 88 % från totalt 47 kliniker. Till största del gavs informationen till barn och föräldrar muntligt och skriftligt. Webbsidan Tonsilloperation.se utnyttjades som informationsmedel hos mindre än 50 % av klinikerna. Vanligast var intravenös anestesiinduktion och inhalationsanestesi som underhåll. Steroider användes för att förebygga illamående. Drygt 40 % av klinikerna hade skriftliga riktlinjer för postoperativ smärtbehandling till inneliggande patienter och till hemmet. Den farmkologiska behandlingen bestod huvudsakligen av paracetamol (70 % doserade enligt FASS) och NSAID. Åttio procent av klinikerna använde Citodon®, få ordinerade klonidin (11 %) och opioider (12 %).

    Konklusion: Resultaten visar på behov av evidensbaserade riktlinjer av farmakologisk behandling i samband med tonsilloperation. Utökat teamarbete gällande perioperativt omhändertagande i samband med tonsilloperation skulle höja vårdkvalitén.

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  • 34.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Kroon, Anna
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken VIN.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken US.
    Nationell kartläggning av farmakologiska rutiner och information i samband med tonsilloperation2012Ingår i: Nationellt kvalitetsregister Öron-, Näs- och Halssjukvård: Årsrapport 2012, Nationellt kvalitetsregister för Öron-, Näs- och Halssjukvård. , 2012, s. 77-81Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en del i ett större nationellt projekt med syfte att kartlägga smärtbehandling vid tonsillkirurgi i samband med utformning av nationella farmakologiska riktlinjer. De vanligaste postoperativa komplikationerna vid tonsillkirurgi är postoperativt illamående och kräkningar (PONV), smärta, blödning och dehydrering. Tonsillkirurgin utförs idag antingen som dagkirurgiskt ingrepp eller som slutenvårdsingrepp med en vårdtid på ca ett dygn. Därmed sker den postoperativa vården i hemmet. Ett flertal studier har beskrivit patienternas upplevelse av höggradig smärta efter tonsillkirurgi. Obehandlad smärta leder till svårigheter att svälja och därmed otillräckligt dryckes- och matintag, vilket leder till dehydrering, ökad blödningsbenägenhet, sämre läkningsförmåga samt negativa  postoperativa beteendeförändringar hos barnet.

    Syftet var att i en nationell studie kartlägga farmakologiska rutiner och informationen i samband med tonsilloperation hos barn och ungdomar.

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    Nationell kartläggning av farmakologiska rutiner och information i samband med tonsilloperation
  • 35.
    Andersson, Frieda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Patient safety in nursing homes in Sweden: nurses´views on safety and their role2017Ingår i: Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, ISSN 1355-8196, E-ISSN 1758-1060, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 204-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Knowledge about patient safety in nursing homes is limited. The aim of this study was to describe what patient safety means to nurses working in nursing homes for the elderly and how these nurses address patient safety. Method: Qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with 15 nurses aged 27-62 years. Qualitative content analysis was applied. Results: Nurses describe the meaning of patient safety in terms of proper care and treatment, and a sense of security. Based on nurses' description of patient safety, several factors were identified as prerequisites to achieve safe health care: competence; clear information transfer between health care organizations; continuity of care and appropriate environment. Barriers to patient safety were described as lack of sufficient resources; lack of communication and negative attitudes to incident reporting. To a great extent, nurses' work for patient safety consists of efforts to compensate for defects and ensure good health care in their daily work, since work with patient safety is not a management priority. Conclusion: Patient safety needs to be clarified and prioritized in nursing homes, and there is a need to understand nurses' role among other care givers and the need for shared routines among care givers

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  • 36.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Wiström, Ulrica
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ta tag i min hand, hjälp mig ut: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stödjande samtal inom psykiatrisk öppenvård2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige lever mellan 20- 40 procent av befolkningen med en psykisk ohälsa. Behandlingen av psykisk ohälsa, utifrån en humanistisk människosyn, inriktar sig på en hälsofrämjande process genom att stödja och stärka individen genom stödjande samtal.

    Syfte; Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stödjande samtal inom psykiatrisk öppenvård.

    Metod; En kvalitativ studie genomfördes där data samlades in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer av sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk öppenvård. Data analyserades med hjälp av en konventionell innehållsanalys. I studien inkluderades totalt 12 sjuksköterskor.

    Resultat; Stödjande samtal beskrevs av sjuksköterskorna som en viktig och bärande del i relationen mellan sjuksköterska och patient inom psykiatrisk vård. Arbetslivserfarenhet och tillgänglighet beskrevs som betydande faktorer för stödjande samtal.

    Konklusion; Det fanns en upplevd otydlighet av innehåll och mål med stödjande samtal hos sjuksköterskorna. Otydliga riktlinjer för stödjande samtal kan leda till att sjuksköterskorna blir stressade. Rutiner och struktur är viktiga faktorer och det kan medföra att sjuksköterskorna blir mer stresståliga och finner en ökad trygghet i att utföra stödjande samtal.

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    Ta tag i min hand, hjälp mig ut: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stödjande samtal inom psykiatrisk öppenvård
  • 37.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Johansson, Amanda
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Smärtbedömning vid demens: En litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskans ansvar vid smärtbedömning av äldre med en demenssjukdom2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärta är vanligt förekommande hos personer med en demenssjukdom. Trots denna vetskap förblir smärtan ofta oupptäckt och obehandlad. Obehandlad smärta kan i ett längre perspektiv leda till kronisk smärta, vilket kan medföra påverkan på individens livskvalitet. En förutsättning för att behandla smärtan är att den först identifieras hos denna utsatta patientgrupp.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskans ansvar vid smärtbedömning av äldre med en demenssjukdom.

    Metod: En litteraturstudie med systematisk ansats genomfördes. Artikelsökningar genomfördes i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Studier av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod inkluderades. Analys av de kvalitativa studierna genomfördes och teman identifieras och de kvantitativa studierna bidrog till att stärka resultatet.

    Resultat: Resultatet baseras på tolv studier. Två huvudteman har framkommit i resultatet. Då smärtbedömning hos denna patientgrupp är komplex har sjuksköterskan ett ansvar att genom sin kunskap och förståelse, låta patienten stå i fokus och samtidigt använda alternativa metoder för att kunna bedöma smärtan hos dessa individer.

    Konklusion: Sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar att, genom sin kompetens samt sin kliniska blick, arbeta med patienten i fokus. Ansvaret ligger även i att sjuksköterskan i arbetet med dessa individer bör förse sig med adekvat kunskap gällande demenssjukdomen och smärtuttryck.

    Nyckelord: demens, geriatrisk omvårdnad, kommunikation, personcentrerad vård, smärtbedömning

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    Examensarbete, kandidatuppsats
  • 38.
    Andersson, Madelene
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Samuelsson, Kristian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Kärlek till droger eller begär efter kärlek: En litteraturstudie om erfarenheter av omvårdnad hos patienter med en beroendesjukdom2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag lever 425 000 människor med ett substansrelaterat beroende i Sverige. En stor andel av personerna lever med samtidiga somatiska sjukdomar vilket innebär att det är en patientgrupp som ofta förekommer inom somatisk sjukvård.

    Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa erfarenheter av omvårdnad inom somatisk vård hos patienter med en substansrelaterad beroendesjukdom.

    Design: En litteraturstudie genomfördes med systematisk ansats.

    Metod: Litteratursökning utfördes i databaserna CINAHL, PsycINFO och PubMed vilket resulterade i elva artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades och materialet analyserades med inspiration från Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analys en mynnade ut i tre olika teman: respektlös behandling, vård på olika villkor och god omvårdnadsrelation. Huvudsakliga fynd visade att patienter upplevde personal som misstänksamma, skuldbeläggande samt Upplevt bristande engagemang. Resultatet visar på att patienter upplevde sig ha fått mottagaren annorlunda vård än andra patienter. Goda upplevelser manifesterades genom att personalen visade omtanke, bekräftade samt upprätthöll en personcentrerad omvårdnad.

    Konklusion: Patienter med en substansrelaterad beroendesjukdom upplever sig i huvudsak bli respektlöst behandlade och särbehandla de gentemot övriga patienter inom vården. Förstärkt medvetande hos vårdpersonal krävs för att eliminera de stereotypa uppfattningarna och därmed skapa förutsättningar för en god vårdande relation.

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  • 39.
    Andersson, Peter
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken ViN. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi.
    Björn, Åke
    Region Östergötland.
    Berggren, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Regionledningskontoret, Katastrofmedicinskt centrum. Linköpings universitet.
    Varaktig vård2020Ingår i: Partnerships for sustainable health care systems: the international medical program approach / [ed] Ruhija Hodza-Beganovic, Åke Björn, Peter Berggren, Linköping: Region Östergötland , 2020, Vol. Sidorna 25-29, s. 25-29Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Hörselvården, Härnösand.
    Arlinger, Stig
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Oto-Rhino-Laryngologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Arvidsson, Torborg
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Danielsson, Anita
    Hörselvården, Härnösand, Sverige.
    Jauhiainen, Tapani
    Universitetssjukhuset, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Kronlund, Lars
    Universitetssjukhuset, Helsingfors, Finland.
    Laukli, Einar
    Universitetssjukhuset, Tromsö, Norge.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Nielsen, Per
    Center för Specialundervisning, Köpenhamn, Danmark.
    Nyberg, Eva
    Hörselvården, Härnösand, Sverige.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Rehabilitering2007Ingår i: Nordisk lärobok i audiologi / [ed] Stig Arlinger, Bromma: C. A. Tegnér AB , 2007, Vol. Sidorna 325-389, s. 325-389Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukdomstillstånd och skador i organ och vävnader orsakar diverse funktionella avvikelser, som i sin tur ger upphov till symptom, som personen ifråga kan iaktta och lida av. Dessa orsakar funktionsnedsättningar, som påverkar individens möjligheter att fungera och klara sig i sin dagliga miljö hemma, i olika arbetssituationer och i olika sociala sammanhang.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Sten-Ove
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Centre for Defence Medicine, Swedish Armed Forces, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Lars
    Centre for Defence Medicine, Swedish Armed Forces, Göteborg, Sweden/Borås University, School of Health Sciences,Borås Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Centre for Defence Medicine, Swedish Armed Forces, Göteborg, Sweden/Borås University, School of Health Sciences,Borås Sweden.
    Tingström, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Doctors’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Military Pre-hospital Emergency Care2014Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify physicians’ and nurses’ perceptions of military prehospital emergency care before and after an international mission. A qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach was used. The aim is to identify the area of knowledge, pre-hospital care in a military environment, in terms of expressions from doctors and nurses focussing on the variation in how learning of pre-hospital care is perceived. The result of the study is a set of descriptive categories on a collective level, showing the variation in how doctors and nurses perceived the phenomenon of military pre-hospital emergency care. The results after predeployment training can be categorized as (1) to learn military medicine, (2) to take care of the casualty and (3) to have safety awareness. The results after an international mission can be categorized as (1) to collaborate with others, (2) to deliver general health care, and (3) to improve competence in military medicine. Possible implications of the results from the present study are the following; (I) better conditions for doctors and nurses to provide appropriate military medical care by clarification and better understanding of professions in the mission area (doctors, nurses, officers), since they may have different goals for their actions, (II) to pay attention to all aspects of military health care during predeployment training, including general health care in the mission area, (III) to implement new knowledge in military medicine in the predeployment training, and (IV) to train for the reality all doctors and nurses are about to meet. These results indicate  that the training should be developed in order to optimize the prepare physicians and nurses for international assignments. This may result in increased safety for the provider of care, while at the same time minimizing suffering and enhancing the possibility of survival of the injured.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Falk, Kristin
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bjerså, Kristofer
    Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 41345 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Anna
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Box 157, 22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Health Is Belonging: Lived Experiences during Recovery after Pancreaticoduodenectomy.2012Ingår i: ISRN Nursing, ISSN 2090-5483, E-ISSN 2090-5491, Vol. 2012, s. 602323-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the lived experience of the symptoms, health, and illness reported by patients recovering after pancreaticoduodenectomy ad modum Whipple due to pancreatic or periampullary cancer. Thirteen patients with pancreatic or periampullary cancer who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy ad modum Whipple between 2006 and 2008 were interviewed during postoperative recovery. Data were analysed using the phenomenological-hermeneutic method. The structural analysis of patient experiences revealed that recovery after pancreaticoduodenectomy was described as recapturing everyday life, being healthy, and looking to the future. Participants experienced symptoms but did not dwell on them, instead they stated that their general health was good. They strived to regain their former precancer selves and be a part of as well as contribute to the social context. Overall, the participants' view of the future was positive, and improvement in their health generated further confidence and encouragement. This study suggests that persons recovering from pancreaticoduodenectomy ad modum Whipple due to a pancreatic or periampullary tumour experience health despite postoperative symptoms. They manage their symptoms by means of different strategies and express a positive view of the future. Nurses working with such patients should adopt a person-centred approach focusing on patient perspectives, participation, and possibilities.

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  • 43.
    Andersson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Peter M.
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Kjellgren, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Univ Gothenburg Ctr Person Centred Care GPCC, Sweden.
    Ekholm, Mikael
    Wetterhalsan Primary Hlth Care Ctr, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Midlov, Patrik
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Associations between daily home blood pressure measurements and self-reports of lifestyle and symptoms in primary care: the PERHIT study2024Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To explore in a primary care setting the associations between patients' daily self-measured blood pressure (BP) during eight weeks and concurrent self-reported values of wellbeing, lifestyle, symptoms, and medication intake. We also explore these associations for men and women separately. Design and setting The study is a secondary post-hoc analysis of the randomised controlled trial PERson-centeredness in Hypertension management using Information Technology (PERHIT). The trial was conducted in primary health care in four regions in Southern Sweden. Patients Participants (n = 454) in the intervention group in the PERHIT-trial used an interactive web-based system for self-management of hypertension for eight consecutive weeks. Each evening, participants reported in the system their wellbeing, lifestyle, symptoms, and medication adherence as well as their self-measured BP and heart rate. Main outcome measures Association between self-reported BP and 10 self-report lifestyle-related variables. Results Self-reported less stress and higher wellbeing were similarly associated with BP, with 1.0 mmHg lower systolic BP and 0.6/0.4 mmHg lower diastolic BP (p &lt; 0.001). Adherence to medication had the greatest impact on BP levels (5.2/2.6 mmHg, p &lt; 0.001). Restlessness and headache were also significantly associated with BP, but to a lesser extent. Physical activity was only significantly associated with BP levels for men, but not for women. Conclusion In hypertension management, it may be important to identify patients with high-stress levels and low wellbeing. The association between medication intake and BP was obvious, thus stressing the importance of medication adherence for patients with hypertension.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Holmqvist, Rolf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Doris
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken.
    Child Evacuations During World War II: This ShouldNot Happen Again2019Ingår i: Journal of Loss and Trauma, ISSN 1532-5024, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 213-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is little research about the long-term effects on childrenthat were separated from their parents and moved fromFinland to Sweden during World War II. The aim of this studywas to capture these now-lifelong reflections, and so questionnaireswere sent to 14 potential participants. Ten personsaged 7381 responded. The themes that emerged concernedpride over professional achievements, the pain of separation,and feelings of alienation and loneliness. The informantsemphasized the importance of sibling relationships. The conclusionwas that the participants, despite the hardships connectedwith the migration, had successfully lived a good lifein Sweden.ARTICLE HISTORYReceived 16 July 2018Accepted 11 May 2018KEYWORDSFinnish war children; childseparations; childevacuation; importance ofsibling relationsAt

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  • 45. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Andreae, Christina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Appetite in patients with heart failure: Assessment, prevalence and related factors2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Appetite is an important component in nutrition for maintaining the food intake needed by the body. Decreased appetite is a common clinical problem in patients with heart failure. It has a negative impact on food intake and possibly on malnutrition and health outcomes. There is a lack of evidence on how to assess appetite in heart failure. Furthermore, there are knowledge gaps about factors associated with appetite and which role appetite plays for health status in heart failure.  

    Aim: The overall aim of the thesis was to investigate appetite in patients with heart failure. Four studies were conducted with the goal to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (CNAQ) (I) and to explore the prevalence of decreased appetite and related factors associated with appetite in patients with heart failure (II-IV).  

    Methods: A multicenter study was conducted in three outpatient heart failure clinics in the center of Sweden during 2009-2012. Data were collected through a baseline measurement (I-IV) and an 18-month follow-up (IV). The first study was a psychometric evaluation study (I), while the other studies had an observational cross-sectional design (II-III) and an observational prospective design (IV). One hundred and eighty-six patients diagnosed with heart failure and experiencing heart failure symptoms participated at baseline. At the 18-month follow-up study (IV), one hundred and sixteen participants from the baseline participated. Data were collected from medical records (pharmacological treatment, comorbidity, left ventricle ejection fraction, time of diagnosis), self-reported questionnaires (demographic background data, appetite, symptoms of depression, health status, sleep, self-reported physical activity), objective measurements (anthropometric assessment of body size, blood samples, six minutes’ walk test, and physical activity measured with an actigraph) and clinical assessment (New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification, and cognitive assessment). The main outcome variables included appetite (I, II and IV) and health status (III). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the studies (I-IV).  

    Results: The majority of the participants had moderate heart failure symptoms, i.e., NYHA class II (n=114, 61%). Most of the participants were men (n=130, 70%). Mean age was 70,7 years, (SD=11,0), and mean BMI was 28.7 (SD=5.3). The CNAQ showed acceptable psychometric properties for assessing appetite in patients with heart failure (I). This thesis shows that 38% of the participants experienced an appetite level that put them at risk of weight loss (I). It was shown that factors such as biological, medical, psychological (II) and physical activity/exercise capacity (IV) are associated with appetite. Also, appetite was associated with impaired health status. However, this association was found to be moderated by symptoms of depression (III). Neither appetite nor physical activity changed during the 18-month follow-up (IV).  

    Conclusion: Decreased appetite is a serious phenomenon that needs attention in the care of patients with heart failure. Health care professionals can now use a validated and simple appetite instrument to assess appetite in heart failure. In addition, attention should be paid to elderly patients and those who have symptoms of depression, sleep problems, impaired cognitive function and impaired physical activity, as well as to patients on suboptimal medical treatment. Higher appetite was shown to contribute to a better health status, but this was only evident in patients without symptoms of depression. Therefore, special attention should be paid to symptoms of depression, as this risk factor affected the association between appetite and health status. This thesis enhances the understanding of the magnitude of the problem with decreased appetite in heart failure both in numbers and factors. New priorities in nutrition care and new ideas can be established, both in practice and in research, in order to improve a nutrition care that is vital for patients with heart failure.  

    Delarbeten
    1. Psychometric Evaluation of Two Appetite Questionnaires in Patients With Heart Failure
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Psychometric Evaluation of Two Appetite Questionnaires in Patients With Heart Failure
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cardiac Failure, ISSN 1071-9164, E-ISSN 1532-8414, Vol. 21, nr 12, s. 954-958Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Decreased appetite in heart failure (HF) may lead to undemutrition which could negatively influence prognosis. Appetite is a complex clinical issue that is often best measured with the use of self-report instruments. However, there is a lack of self-rated appetite instruments. The Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (CNAQ) and the Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) are validated instruments developed primarily for elderly people. Yet, the psychometric properties have not been evaluated in HF populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of CNAQ and SNAQ in patients with HE Methods and Results: A total of 186 outpatients with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classifications II-IV were included (median age 72 y; 70% men). Data were collected with the use of a questionnaire that included the CNAQ and SNAQ. The psychometric evaluation included data quality, factor structure, construct validity, known-group validity, and internal consistency. Unidimensionality was supported by means of parallel analysis and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs). The CFA results indicated sufficient model fit. Both construct validity and known-group validity were supported. Internal consistency reliability was acceptable, with ordinal coefficient alpha estimates of 0.82 for CNAQ and 0.77 for SNAQ. Conclusions: CNAQ and SNAQ demonstrated sound psychometric properties and can be used to measure appetite in patients with HF.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE INC MEDICAL PUBLISHERS, 2015
    Nyckelord
    Appetite; heart failure; outpatient; psychometrics
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Klinisk medicin
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123773 (URN)10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.10.006 (DOI)000366230900004 ()26497759 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Center for Clinical Research and Sormland County Council, Sweden; Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation; King Gustaf V and Queen Victorias Freemason Foundation; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Canadian Institutes of Health Research

    Tillgänglig från: 2016-01-11 Skapad: 2016-01-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-14
    2. Prevalence and associated factors for decreased appetite among patients with stable heart failure
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Prevalence and associated factors for decreased appetite among patients with stable heart failure
    2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, nr 11-12, s. 1703-1712Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectivesTo explore the prevalence of decreased appetite and factors associated with appetite among patients with stable heart failure. BackgroundDecreased appetite is an important factor for the development of undernutrition among patients with heart failure, but there are knowledge gaps about prevalence and the factors related to appetite in this patient group. DesignObservational, cross-sectional study. MethodsA total of 186 patients with mild to severe heart failure were consecutively recruited from three heart failure outpatient clinics. Data were obtained from medical records (heart failure diagnosis, comorbidity and medical treatment) and self-rated questionnaires (demographics, appetite, self-perceived health, symptoms of depression and sleep). Blood samples were taken to determine myocardial stress and nutrition status. Heart failure symptoms and cognitive function were assessed by clinical examinations. The Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire was used to assess self-reported appetite. Bivariate correlations and multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted to explore factors associated with appetite. ResultsSeventy-one patients (38%) experienced a loss of appetite with a significant risk of developing weight loss. The final multiple regression model showed that age, symptoms of depression, insomnia, cognitive function and pharmacological treatment were associated with appetite, explaining 27% of the total variance. ConclusionIn this cross-sectional study, a large share of patients with heart failure was affected by decreased appetite, associated with demographic, psychosocial and medical factors. Relevance to clinical practiceLoss of appetite is a prevalent problem among patients with heart failure that may lead to undernutrition. Health care professionals should routinely assess appetite and discuss patients experiences of appetite, nutrition intake and body weight and give appropriate nutritional advice with respect to individual needs.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    WILEY-BLACKWELL, 2016
    Nyckelord
    age; appetite; cognitive function; depression; heart failure; insomnia; outpatient; pharmacological treatment
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Klinisk medicin
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128929 (URN)10.1111/jocn.13220 (DOI)000375866200022 ()26879764 (PubMedID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Centre for Clinical Research Sormland, Uppsala University, Eskilstuna, Sweden; Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation; King Gustaf V and Queen Victorias Freemason Foundation; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden

    Tillgänglig från: 2016-06-09 Skapad: 2016-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-14
    3. Depressive Symptoms Moderate the Association Between Appetite and Health Status in Patients With Heart Failure
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Depressive Symptoms Moderate the Association Between Appetite and Health Status in Patients With Heart Failure
    Visa övriga...
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. E15-E20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Decreased appetite and depressive symptoms are clinical problems in patients with heart failure. Both may result in impaired health status.

    OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the association between appetite and health status in patients with heart failure and to explore whether depressive symptoms moderate this association.

    METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with heart failure (n = 186; mean age, 71 years), New York Heart Association class II to IV, participated. Data on appetite (Council of Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire), depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), and health status (EQ-5D 3-level scale [EQ-5D-3L] descriptive system, EQ-5D-3L index, and EQ Visual Analog Scale) were collected by self-rating questionnaires. Pearson correlation was used to investigate the association between appetite and health status. Multiple regression was performed to examine whether depressive symptoms moderate the association between appetite and health status.

    RESULTS: There was a significant association between appetite and health status for EQ-5D-3L descriptive system, mobility (P < .001), pain/discomfort (P < .001), and anxiety/depression (P < .001). This association was also shown in EQ-5D-3L index (P < .001) and EQ Visual Analog Scale (P < .001). Simple slope analysis showed that the association between appetite and health status was only significant for patients without depressive symptoms (B = 0.32, t = 4.66, P < .001).

    CONCLUSIONS: Higher level of appetite was associated with better health status. In moderation analysis, the association was presented for patients without depressive symptoms. Decreased appetite is an important sign of poor health status. To improve health status, health professionals should have greater attention on appetite, as well on signs of depressive symptoms.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Wolters Kluwer, 2018
    Nyckelord
    appetite, association, depression, health status, heart failure, nutritional status
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Kardiologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139105 (URN)10.1097/JCN.0000000000000428 (DOI)000440241700003 ()28574973 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85020167287 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-07-01 Skapad: 2017-07-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-28Bibliografiskt granskad
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    Appetite in patients with heart failure: Assessment, prevalence and related factors
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  • 46.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Franzén Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Evangelista, Lorraine
    Sweden Lorraine Evangelista, RN, Prof, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    The associations between physical activity and appetite in patients with heart failure – a prospective observational study2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Physical activity and appetite both play a crucial role for health outcomes and quality of life in patients with heart failure. Nevertheless, both of these key functions are frequently decreased in patients with heart failure. Whilst most attention focuses independently on the physical activity levels, the associations with appetite has been insufficiently investigated. The aim was therefore to explore the associations between physical activity and appetite in community dwelling heart failure patients.

    Methods: This prospective observational study consisted of 186 patients with symptomatic heart failure of whom 56 (30%) were women and 130 (70%) were men. Mean age was 70.7 (SD=11 years), the majority had NYHA-class II, 114 (63%). Objective and subjective methods were used to measure physical activity include a wearable actigraph (SenceWear) for 4 days and six minutes’ walk test. The actigraph calculate total energy expenditure, active energy expenditure, number of steps and METs daily average index. Patients also stated their physical activity level on a numeric rating scale. A self-reported questionnaire, the Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire was used to assess appetite. Simple linear regression was conducted to explore the associations between physical activity and appetite at baseline and at 18-month follow-up.

    Results: In general, the levels of physical activity in this sample was low and appetite was poor. There was a significant association between objective physical activity measures and appetite at baseline ranging between (p=<0.001-0.041). The number of steps and walking distance had the strongest association, each explaining 6% and 7% of the total variance in appetite. At the 18-month follow-up, all objective and subjective physical activity measures were associated with appetite (p=0.001-0.035) with the number of steps being most strongly associated (p=<0.001) explaining 14% of the total variation in appetite.

    Conclusions: Patients with heart failure who are more physically active experiences better appetite. These findings underscore the importance of placing greater attention on both physical activity and appetite in clinical practice as these factors has implications for patient’s health outcomes. Further longitudinally oriented studies are needed to determine whether there is a causal relationship between physical activity and appetite in heart failure populations.

    Keywords: Appetite, Heart Failure, Physical activity

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The associations between physical activity and appetite in patients with heart failure – a prospective observational study
  • 47.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Hjelm, Carina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Factors influencing nutritional status in chronic heart failure2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 48.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    van der Wal, Martje H. L.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands.
    van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.
    Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands.
    Yang, Bei
    entre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för omvårdnad och reproduktiv hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Julius Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Changes in Appetite During the Heart Failure Trajectory and Association With Fatigue, Depressive Symptoms, and Quality of Life2021Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 36, nr 6, s. 539-545Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Decreased appetite can contribute to malnutrition in patients with heart failure (HF). Little is known about the trajectory of appetite over time in patients with HF and the factors associated with decreased appetite after discharge from the hospital.

    OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate changes in appetite over time and explore how fatigue, depressive symptoms, and quality of life are associated with decreased appetite.

    METHODS: Data from the multicenter randomized Coordinating study evaluating Outcomes of Advising and Counseling in Heart Failure were used. Logistic regression and mixed-effects logistic regression were used to investigate changes in appetite over time and to explore the relationship between appetite and fatigue, depressive symptoms, and quality of life.

    RESULTS: A total of 734 patients with HF (mean age, 69 years) were included. Decreased appetite was present at all follow-up measurements; however, decreased appetite was significantly lower at the 1-month (odds ratio [OR], 0.43; confidence interval [CI], 0.29-0.63), 6-month (OR, 0.31; CI, 0.20-0.47), 12-month (OR, 0.22; CI, 0.14-0.34), and 18-month (OR, 0.24; CI, 0.15-0.37) follow-ups compared with baseline. Decreased appetite was associated with fatigue (OR, 3.09; CI, 1.98-4.84), depressive symptoms (OR, 1.76; CI, 1.35-2.29), and low quality of life (OR, 1.01; CI, 1.01-1.02) across all measurement points adjusted for covariates.

    CONCLUSIONS: Appetite improved after discharge; however, at all time points, at least 22% of patients reported decreased appetite. Fatigue, depressive symptoms, and low quality of life are factors associated with decreased appetite. Decreased appetite is a long-standing problem in that it does not disappear spontaneously after an acute HF deterioration.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Evangelista, L.
    University of California at Irvine, Program in Nursing Science, Irvine, United States of America.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    The relationship between physical activity and appetite in heart failure – A cross sectional study2017Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure, ISSN 1388-9842, E-ISSN 1879-0844, Vol. 19, nr S1, s. 135-135, artikel-id P533Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical activity and appetite are important for maintaining physical health. Yet, sedentary lifestyle and poor appetite are frequently observed in the heart failure (HF) population. However, the relationships between these phenomena are not yet clearly understood. 

    Purpose: To investigate the relationship between physical activity and appetite in patients with stable HF.

    Methods: In this cross sectional study, a consecutive sample of 186 patients with confirmed HF with NYHA class II-IV (median age 72y, 70% men, NYHA class II 61%) participated in the study. Patients were recruited from three HF outpatient clinics in central Sweden. Physical activity measures included total energy expenditure (TEE), active energy expenditure (AEE) above 3 METs, average daily METs and number of steps per day during four days using a validated multi-sensor wearable armband (SenseWear®, Body Monitoring System). Patients also self-reported their physical activity on a ten point numeric rating scale, from extremely low (1) to extremely high (10). Self-reported appetite was measured by Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (CNAQ), an 8-item instrument (score range 8-40) where CNAQ ≤28 indicate poor appetite. Associations between physical activity and appetite were analyzed by Spearman correlation while differences in physical activity between poor vs good appetite were analyzed using Mann Whitney U test.

    Results: There was a significant positive relationship between physical activity and appetite assessed by TEE (rs=.184, p=.012), AEE of moderate intensity >3 METs (rs=.262, p=.000), number of steps (rs=.292, p=.000), average METs intensity (rs=.249, p=.001), and self- reported physical activity (rs=.191, p =.009). Levels of physical activity in the low appetite group differed significantly from the group with better appetite, this was seen in all physical dimensions, TEE (U=3225, z=-2.26, p=.024), AEE (U=2902, z=-3.178, p=.001), number of steps (U=2706, z=-3.734, p=.000), average METs intensity (U=3128, z=-2.541, p=.011), levels of self-reported physical activity (U=3185, z=-2.47, p=.013).

    Conclusion: This study shows that physical activity is associated with appetite and that levels of physical activity differs between patients with poor and good appetite. These findings has implications for both research and practice and underlines the importance in monitoring both physical activity and appetite. Further research is needed to determine whether interventions targeting physical activity also improve appetite and vice versa in the HF population.

  • 50.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Evangelista, Lorraine L
    Sue and Bill Gross School of Nursing, University of California, Irvine, CA,.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Physical activity and appetite in patients with stable heart failure – A cross sectional study2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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