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  • 1. A. Almaqtari, Faozi
    et al.
    H.S. Farhan, Najib
    Yahya Salmony, Monir
    M. Al-Ahdal, Waleed
    Mishra, Nandita
    Linköpings universitet. linköping university.
    Earning management estimation and prediction using machine learning: A systematic review of processing methods and synthesis for future research2022Ingår i: 2021 International Conference on Technological Advancements and Innovations (ICTAI): IEEE, IEEE, 2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study highlights earning management optimization possibilities to constrain the events of earning management and financial fraud. Our study investigates the existing stock of knowledge and strand literature available on earning management and fraud detection. It aims to review systematically the methods and techniques used by prior research to determine earning management and fraud detection. The results indicate that prior research in earning management optimization is diverged among several techniques and none of these techniques has provided an ideal optimization for earning management. Further, the results reveal that earning management determinants are complex based on the type and size of business entities which complicate the optimization possibilities. The current research brings useful insights for predicting and optimization of earnings management and financial fraud. The present study has significant implications for policymakers, stock markets, auditors, investors, analysts, and professionals.

  • 2.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Haneberg, Dag Håkon
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Jakobsen, Siri
    Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Lauvås, Thomas
    Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Wigger, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Nord University Business School, Nord University, Norway.
    Case-based entrepreneurship education in and for the Nordic region2022Ingår i: Reframing the Case Method in Entrepreneurship Education.: Cases from the Nordic Countries / [ed] Wigger, K., Aaboen, L., Haneberg, D.H.,Jakobsen, S., & Lauvås, T., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, s. 2-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The case method provides entrepreneurship educators with great potential to be entrepreneurial and to think outside the box when adjusting the case method for increased entrepreneurial learning. This chapter provides the theoretical background of case-based entrepreneurship education and a debate on context in case teaching in general and the Nordic countries in particular. Further the chapter provides a synopsis and reflections of how the chapters in this book discuss the design and utilization of cases through 2 parts. Part 1 includes theoretical perspectives, discussions, and practical procedures on how the case method and case activities can be reframed and approached in entrepreneurship education in general and for experiential learning in particular. Part 2 contributes with a collection of Nordic entrepreneurship cases with accompanying teaching notes. We believe that this book is of great inspiration for entrepreneurship educators wanting to use the case method in their teaching.

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  • 3.
    Aadde, Emil
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier.
    Visionen om det narkotikafria samhället: En diskursanalys2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att belysa hur visionen om det narkotikafria samhället uppenbarar sig i diskurser som behandlar narkotikamissbruk som socialt problem. Empiriskt material i form av ett policydokument och en debattföljetong har analyserats utifrån ett socialkonstruktivistiskt och diskursanalytiskt perspektiv. Analysen pekar mot att definitionskampen om narkotikamissbruk som socialt problem finns över många diskurser, samtidigt ses visionen om det narkotikafria samhället ofta vara närvarande. En nationell diskurs som kan ses utgå från vad vi som nation anser och vill ha i vårt land. En moraldiskurs som lägger värde i olika beteenden och åsikter. En juridisk och polisiär diskurs som utifrån narkotikas juridiska status ramar in fenomenet och en barn-och ungdomsdiskurs som formulerar narkotikan som det största hotet. Alla dessa kan enligt studien ses som en del i konstruktionen av narkotikamissbruk som socialt problem.

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  • 4.
    Aafjes-van Doorn, Katie
    et al.
    Adelphi University, NY 21402 USA; University of Oxford, England.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Cooper, Angela
    Dalhousie University, Canada.
    Macdonald, James
    Headington Psychotherapy, England.
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Patients Affective Processes Within Initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy Sessions2017Ingår i: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 175-183Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that patients in-session experience of previously avoided affects may be important for effective psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate patients in-session levels of affect experiencing in relation to their corresponding levels of insight, motivation, and inhibitory affects in initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy (EDT) sessions. Four hundred sixty-six 10-min video segments from 31 initial sessions were rated using the Achievement of Therapeutic Objectives Scale. A series of multilevel growth models, controlling for between-therapist variability, were estimated to predict patients adaptive affect experiencing (Activating Affects) across session segments. In line with our expectations, higher within-person levels of Insight and Motivation related to higher levels of Activating Affects per segment. Contrary to expectations, however, lower levels of Inhibition were not associated with higher levels of Activating Affects. Further, using a time-lagged model, we did not find that the levels of Insight, Motivation, or Inhibition during one session segment predicted Activating Affects in the next, possibly indicating that 10-min segments may be suboptimal for testing temporal relationships in affective processes. Our results suggest that, to intensify patients immediate affect experiencing in initial EDT sessions, therapists should focus on increasing insight into defensive patterns and, in particular, motivation to give them up. Future research should examine the impact of specific inhibitory affects more closely, as well as between-therapist variability in patients in-session adaptive affect experiencing.

  • 5.
    Aagaard, Kirsten
    et al.
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Halttunen, Timo
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Hansen, Brian Benjamin
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Nistrup, Ulla
    VIA University College, Denmark.
    Quality in Validation of Prior Learning: Experiences in researching the practice of the Nordic Model for Quality in Validation of Prior Learning2017Ingår i: The Learner at the Centre: Validation of Prior Learning strengthens lifelong learning for all / [ed] Ruud Duvekot, Dermot Coughlan and Kirsten Aagaard, Houten/Aarhus: European Centre Valuation of Prior Learning/ VIA University College , 2017, s. 89-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents findings from a study of quality work in validation (recognition of prior learning) in three cases in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. The quality work is based on a Nordic model for quality in validation and the study has an interactive approach.

  • 6.
    Aagard Nielsen, Kurt
    et al.
    Roskilde Universitet, Denmark.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Arbete och arbetsliv. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för sociologi (SOC). Linköpings universitet, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Action Research and Interactive Research: Beyond pratice and theory2006Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Aagard Nielsen, Kurt
    et al.
    Roskilde Universitet.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för sociologi (SOC). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Arbete och arbetsliv.
    How to Learn Action Research2006Ingår i: Action Research and Interactive Research: beyond practice and theory / [ed] Kurt Aagaard Nielsen and Lennart Svensson, Hamburg: Shaker Verlag , 2006, s. 389-398Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Aalto, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    Kiani, Mina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    En räddare i nöden: En analys av kammarrättens konstruktion av nöd och rätten till nödbistånd2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns ingen särskild nödbiståndsparagraf i socialtjänstlagen (SFS 2001:453) [SoL] utan bedömningen av rätten till nödbistånd regleras i samma paragraf som ekonomiskt bistånd, nämligen SoL 4:1. Syftet med denna studie var att analysera på vilket sätt nöd och rätten till nödbistånd konstrueras av kammarrätten. Dessutom avsåg denna studie att undersöka hur rättssäkerheten för enskilda som söker nödbistånd påverkas genom konstruktionerna av nöd och rätten till nödbistånd. Socialkonstruktionism, rättssociologi samt formell rättssäkerhet och materiell rättssäkerhet är de teoretiska perspektiv och begrepp som användes när studiens empiri analyserades. Sammanlagt analyserades 42 rättsfall från kammarrätten med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Under analysprocessens första steg styrde inte studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter de kategorier som togs fram, utan detta gjordes efteråt. Med hjälp av innehållsanalys urskiljdes följande fyra kategorier: Kapital, Livssituation, Eget ansvar och tidsaspekt samt Byråkrati. De första två kategorierna utgör kammarrättens konstruktion av nöd, medan de andra två kategorierna representerar kammarrättens konstruktion av rätten till nödbistånd. 

    Studiens resultat visar bland annat på att kammarrätten konstruerar nöd utifrån den enskildes kapital, där även individens egna livssituation samt föreställningar i samhället kan påverka kammarrättens bedömning om man befinner sig i nöd eller inte. Kammarrättens konstruktion av rätten till nödbistånd fokuserade på den enskildes egna ansvar för sin privatekonomi. Dessutom påverkade antalet nödlägen samt om nödsituationen ansågs självförvållad eller inte huruvida den enskilde beviljades nödbistånd eller inte, kammarrätten förstärker därmed egenansvarsnormen. I denna konstruktion blev det även tydligt att den enskilde behöver bevisa sin nödsituation genom att bifoga relevanta underlag och dokument i sin ansökan. Att det inte finns ett enhetligt sätt att bedöma nöd kopplas till att SoL beskrivs och tolkas som en ramlag. Konstruktionerna påverkar negativt den formella och materiella rättssäkerheten, eftersom studiens resultat visar att kammarrättens beslut och bedömningar inte är förutsägbara eller överensstämmer med de verkliga förhållandena. Denna studie identifierar att avsaknaden av en nödbiståndsparagraf och tillräckligt med prejudicerande domar om nödbistånd gör det svårt för de enskilda och de professionella inom socialt arbete att bedöma när en nödsituation föreligger samt när den stödsökande har rätt till nödbistånd. Studien visar att dessa vägledningar möjligtvis skulle förbättra rättssäkerheten och förenkla ansökningsprocessen för individen, samt även för dem professionella som handlägger och bedömer nödbiståndsansökningar. 

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  • 9.
    Aalto Hagman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Sonde, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Innovation Crowdsourcing: Exploring the Use of an Innovation Intermediary2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With the Open Innovation paradigm come new hopes for innovating companies. The ability to tap a global network of experts can, at least in theory, have a significant impact on an organization’s competitive strength. Before such a ‘network of experts’ can be used to its full potential however, a number of challenges related to knowledge markets seem to need solutions. About 10 years ago however, we could witness the entry of a new breed of company – calling themselves innovation intermediaries. These companies are built to profit from delivering the usefulness of knowledge networks to client (Seeker) companies. Though the use of such networks and markets have so far been uncommon outside of high-tech fields they are now starting to be seen used by companies in more mature environments.Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the collaboration between SCA (a large Swedish corporation) and the innovation intermediary InnoCentive in order to create a better understanding of what kind of benefits can be derived from the use of an innovation intermediary, and how these benefits are best utilized. We also set out to identify relevant limitations of innomediary use and to seek to better understand how using an innomediary can fit a client company’s higher-order activities such as exploration and exploitation.Completion and Results: Our findings include that SCA are using InnoCentive mainly as a tool to solve highly specific problems and/or problems with a low degree of complexity that they encounter in their everyday activities. The challenges related to knowledge markets, we find, are avoided by keeping problem complexity low and problem modularity high for the problems sent out to the network. In addition, InnoCentive’s business model seems to eliminate costly negotiations between Seekers and Solvers. Using this kind of ‘market solution’ however, we argue, will put bounds on the usefulness of the network and makes it mainly suited as a tool for improving an organization’s exploitation capacity.

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  • 10.
    Aarnio, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kimber, Ellen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Talent Management & Strategy: Identifying Patterns through a Multiple Case Study2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Exploring the Talent Management literature to understand the importance of Talent Management to strategy and the role the view on talent plays in consideration to Talent Management.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to increase the empirical research on Talent Management to enable a creation of a conceptual framework.

    Methodology

    A multiple case study approach was taken, as 11 companies from diverse industries, sizes, backgrounds etc. was studied in order to gain a broader picture on the research topic. Furthermore, qualitative data collection method was used and main source of empirical data was interviews conducted with HR professionals of each case company.

    Findings

    The empirical findings indicated there to be a relationship between the strategy and the view on talent. There was further an indication that this relationship has an effect on the focus of the Talent Management activities. 

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  • 11.
    Aarsand, P.A.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Frame switches and identity performances: Alternating between online and offline2008Ingår i: Text and Talk, ISSN 1860-7330, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 147-165Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study problematizes activity frames and participation frameworks (Goffman 1981), exploring how students deploy online (MSN Messenger) and offline activity frames in identity performances. One problem in analyzing participation frameworks and particularly notions of subordinate forms, like crossplay, byplay, and sideplay, is that these concepts require that the analyst can identify one dominant activity. This was not possible in the present data, which consist of video recordings of computer activities in a seventh-grade classroom. It is shown how MSN (online) identities were invoked in subsequent and intermittent face-to-face interaction, a dialogue that started on MSN would continue in face-to-face interaction, and vice versa. This means that frame switches constituted important features of the students' identity work. Similarly, the students employed nicknames or what are here called tags, that is, textual-visual displays of speaker identities, located in the boundary zone between online and offline activities. In the classroom interactions, there was thus not one dominant activity frame, but rather the activities involved borderwork, and more specifically frame switches and a strategic use of tags. © Walter de Gruyter 2008.

  • 12.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alternating between online and offline: tags and frame switches as interactional resources2007Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present data are based on an ethnographic study of computer use in everyday interactions in a seventh grade class (of 13-14 year-olds). The data were analysed in terms of activity frames and participation frameworks (Goffman 1981), exploring how students deployed online and offline activity frames in their identity performance. It is shown how MSN (online) identities are invoked in subsequent and intermittent face-to-face interaction; a dialogue can start on MSN and continue in faceto-face interaction, and vice versa. This means that frame switches are important features of the students’ identity work. Similarly, the students employed nicknames or tags, that is, textual-visual displays of ‘speaker’ identities, located in the boundary zone between online and offline activities. In terms of participation frameworks, it is also documented ways in which students engaged in crossplay (Goffman 1981), where a ratified participant communicated with a non-ratified participant. Yet, one problem in analysing participation frameworks and particularly byplay and sideplay (Goffman 1981) is that these concepts require that the analyst can identify one dominant activity. This was not possible in the present data. Instead, the data are primarily analysed in terms of borderwork, that here entails frame switchings, crossplay and a strategic use of tags.

  • 13. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Around the Screen: Computer activities in children’s everyday lives2007Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present ethnography documents computer activities in everyday life. The data consist of video recordings, interviews and field notes, documenting (i) 16 students in a seventh grade class in a computer room and other school settings and (ii) 22 children, interacting with siblings, friends and parents in home settings. The thesis is inspired by discourse analytical as well as ethnographic approaches, including notions from Goffman (1974, 1981), e.g. those of activity frame and participation framework, which are applied and discussed.

    The thesis consists of four empirical studies. The first study focuses on students’ illegitimate use, from the school’s point of view, of online chatting in a classroom situation. It is shown that the distinction offline/online is not a static one, rather it is made relevant as part of switches between activity frames, indicating the problems of applying Goffman’s (1981) notions of sideplay, byplay and crossplay to analyses of interactions in which several activity frames are present, rather than one main activity. Moreover, it is shown that online identities, in terms of what is here called tags, that is, visual-textual nicknames, are related to offline phenomena, including local identities as well as contemporary aesthetics. The second study focuses on placement of game consoles as part of family life politics. It is shown that game consoles were mainly located in communal places in the homes. The distinction private/communal was also actualized in the participants’ negotiations about access to game consoles as well as negotiations about what to play, when, and for how long. It is shown that two strategies were used, inclusion and exclusion, for appropriating communal places for computer game activities. The third study focuses on a digital divide in terms of a generational divide with respect to ascribed computer competence, documenting how the children and adults positioned each other as people ‘in the know’ (the children) versus people in apprentice-like positions (the adults). It is shown that this generation gap was deployed as a resource in social interaction by both the children and the adults. The forth study focuses on gaming in family life, showing that gaming was recurrently marked by response cries (Goffman, 1981) and other forms of blurted talk. These forms of communication worked as parts of the architecture of intersubjectivity in gaming (cf. Heritage, 1984), indexing the distinction virtual/‘real’. It is shown how response cries, sound making, singing along and animated talk extended the virtual in that elements of the game became parts of the children’s social interaction around the screen, forming something of an action aesthetic, a type of performative action for securing and displaying joint involvement and collaboration. As a whole, the present studies show how the distinctions master/apprentice, public/private, virtual/real and subject/object are indexicalized and negotiated in computer activities.

    Delarbeten
    1. Alternating between online and offline: tags and frame switches as interactional resources
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Alternating between online and offline: tags and frame switches as interactional resources
    2007 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present data are based on an ethnographic study of computer use in everyday interactions in a seventh grade class (of 13-14 year-olds). The data were analysed in terms of activity frames and participation frameworks (Goffman 1981), exploring how students deployed online and offline activity frames in their identity performance. It is shown how MSN (online) identities are invoked in subsequent and intermittent face-to-face interaction; a dialogue can start on MSN and continue in faceto-face interaction, and vice versa. This means that frame switches are important features of the students’ identity work. Similarly, the students employed nicknames or tags, that is, textual-visual displays of ‘speaker’ identities, located in the boundary zone between online and offline activities. In terms of participation frameworks, it is also documented ways in which students engaged in crossplay (Goffman 1981), where a ratified participant communicated with a non-ratified participant. Yet, one problem in analysing participation frameworks and particularly byplay and sideplay (Goffman 1981) is that these concepts require that the analyst can identify one dominant activity. This was not possible in the present data. Instead, the data are primarily analysed in terms of borderwork, that here entails frame switchings, crossplay and a strategic use of tags.

    Nyckelord
    participation framework, activity frames, online activities, offline activities, identities, borderwork.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14501 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2007-05-14 Skapad: 2007-05-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-10-11
    2. Gaming and Territorial Negotiations in Family Life
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Gaming and Territorial Negotiations in Family Life
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 497-517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines territorial negotiations concerning gaming, drawing on video recordings of gaming practices in middle-class families. It explores how private vs public gaming space was co-construed by children and parents in front of the screen as well as through conversations about games. Game equipment was generally located in public places in the homes, which can be understood in terms of parents’ surveillance of their children, on the one hand, and actual parental involvement, on the other. Gaming space emerged in the interplay between game location, technology and practices, which blurred any fixed boundaries between public and private, place and space, as well as traditional age hierarchies.

    Nyckelord
    computer gaming • family politics • parental involvement • place/space • public/private
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14502 (URN)10.1177/0907568209343879 (DOI)
    Anmärkning
    Tidigare titel: Computer gaming and territorial negotiations in family life Tillgänglig från: 2007-05-14 Skapad: 2007-05-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13
    3. Computer- and Video games in Family Life: The digital divide as a resource in intergenerational interactions
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Computer- and Video games in Family Life: The digital divide as a resource in intergenerational interactions
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 235-256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this ethnographic study of family life, intergenerational video and computer game activities were videotaped and analysed. Both children and adults invoked the notion of a digital divide, i.e. a generation gap between those who master and do not master digital technology. It is argued that the digital divide was exploited by the children to control the game activities. Conversely, parents and grandparents positioned themselves as less knowledgeable, drawing on a displayed divide as a rhetorical resource for gaining access to playtime with the children. In these intergenerational encounters, the digital divide was thus an interactional resource rather than a problem.

    Nyckelord
    computer games, digital divide, family, knowledge-relations, participation framework, video games
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14503 (URN)10.1177/0907568207078330 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2007-05-14 Skapad: 2007-05-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-04-21
    4. Response cries and other gaming moves: Building intersubjectivity in gaming
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Response cries and other gaming moves: Building intersubjectivity in gaming
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, Vol. 41, nr 8, s. 1557-1575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the ways in which response cries (Goffman, 1981) are deployed as interactional resources in computer gaming in everyday life. It draws on a large-scale data set of video recordings of the everyday lives of middleclass families. The recordings of gaming between children and between children and parents show that response cries were not arbitrarily located within different phases of gaming (planning, gaming or commenting on gaming). Response cries were primarily used as interactional resources for securing and sustaining joint attention (cf. Goodwin, 1996) during the gaming as such, that is, during periods when the gaming activity was characterized by a relatively high tempo. In gaming between children, response cries co-occurred with their animations of game characters and with sound making, singing along, and code switching in ways that formed something of an action aesthetic, a type of aesthetic that was most clearly seen in gaming between game equals (here: between children). In contrast, response cries were rare during the planning phases and during phases in which the participants primarily engaged in setting up or adjusting the game.

    Nyckelord
    Computer gaming; Response cries; Intersubjectivity; Everyday life; Action aesthetic
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14504 (URN)10.1016/j.pragma.2007.05.014 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2007-05-14 Skapad: 2007-05-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-02-05
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  • 14.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Computer- and Video games in Family Life: The digital divide as a resource in intergenerational interactions2007Ingår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 235-256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this ethnographic study of family life, intergenerational video and computer game activities were videotaped and analysed. Both children and adults invoked the notion of a digital divide, i.e. a generation gap between those who master and do not master digital technology. It is argued that the digital divide was exploited by the children to control the game activities. Conversely, parents and grandparents positioned themselves as less knowledgeable, drawing on a displayed divide as a rhetorical resource for gaining access to playtime with the children. In these intergenerational encounters, the digital divide was thus an interactional resource rather than a problem.

  • 15.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Stockholm University .
    Gaming and Territorial Negotiations in Family Life2009Ingår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, E-ISSN 1461-7013, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 497-517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines territorial negotiations concerning gaming, drawing on video recordings of gaming practices in middle-class families. It explores how private vs public gaming space was co-construed by children and parents in front of the screen as well as through conversations about games. Game equipment was generally located in public places in the homes, which can be understood in terms of parents’ surveillance of their children, on the one hand, and actual parental involvement, on the other. Gaming space emerged in the interplay between game location, technology and practices, which blurred any fixed boundaries between public and private, place and space, as well as traditional age hierarchies.

  • 16.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Response cries and other gaming moves: Building intersubjectivity in gaming2009Ingår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, Vol. 41, nr 8, s. 1557-1575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the ways in which response cries (Goffman, 1981) are deployed as interactional resources in computer gaming in everyday life. It draws on a large-scale data set of video recordings of the everyday lives of middleclass families. The recordings of gaming between children and between children and parents show that response cries were not arbitrarily located within different phases of gaming (planning, gaming or commenting on gaming). Response cries were primarily used as interactional resources for securing and sustaining joint attention (cf. Goodwin, 1996) during the gaming as such, that is, during periods when the gaming activity was characterized by a relatively high tempo. In gaming between children, response cries co-occurred with their animations of game characters and with sound making, singing along, and code switching in ways that formed something of an action aesthetic, a type of aesthetic that was most clearly seen in gaming between game equals (here: between children). In contrast, response cries were rare during the planning phases and during phases in which the participants primarily engaged in setting up or adjusting the game.

  • 17.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Department of Education and Life long learning, Norweigan University Of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Visual transcriptions as socio-technical assemblages2021Ingår i: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 289-309Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of visual digital technologies it has become more common in the social sciences to both use and present research visually. This article explores different strategies for working with and including images in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (EMCA) transcriptions. The purpose is to investigate how, and if, the ontology of the transcript changes when verbal transcripts become visual transcripts. The article explores what ensures that a transcript is still a transcript and what happens to the reflexive interpretative strategy fundamental to EMCA when new digital technologies make it possible to incorporate images in transcripts. The articles focus is on the social life of methods as well as methodological productivity showing how images can enact different social realities and scientific knowledge.

  • 18.
    Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands .
    Béland, Daniel
    Johnson-Shoyama School of Public Policy, University of Saskatchewan, Canada .
    Edmondson, Ricca
    School of Political Science and Sociology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
    Ginn, Jay
    Institute of Gerontology, Department of Social Science and Medicine, King’s College, London, United Kingdom .
    Komp, Kathrin
    Department of Sociology, Umea University, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Avdelningen för sociala studier, Sweden.
    Perek-Bialas, Jolanta
    Warsaw School of Economics, Jagiellonian University, Poland .
    Sorensen, Penny
    Faculty of Social Sciences, East Anglia University, United Kingdom .
    Weicht, Bernard
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Utrecht University, the Netherlands .
    Ageing in the light of crises: Economic crisis, demographic change, and the search for meaning2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Old age has many images, with the one of a crisis regaining momentum. While images of activity and opportunity gained ground during recent decades, this trend now seems to reverse. The current economic crisis drains the financial resources of older people, which increases old age poverty. Moreover, governments react to the double-pressure of economic crises and population ageing through budget cuts, which reduces support systems for older people. It, moreover, centers public discourses more strongly on social problems associated with old age. Both developments underline the needs associated with old age and draw our attention away from the potentials of old age. In other words, they bring discussions on old age back to the topic of crises. This working paper discusses how the economic crisis affects older people, how governments, labour markets, and families react to the double-pressure of population ageing and economic crisis, and how individuals perceive their old age. It concludes with reflections on the implications of growing crisis-centrism in discussions on old age. Such crisis-centrism can lead us to overlook social inequalities in old age and to neglect the subjective character of the perception of old age. The public image of old age might, thus, be stronger associated with the idea of crisis than what older people’s lived experience suggests.

  • 19.
    Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Walsh, Kieran
    National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland.
    Löwenstein, Ariela
    Haifa University, Israel.
    Katz, Ruth
    University of Haifa, Israel.
    Naim, Sigal Pearl
    Yezreel Academic College, Israel.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för åldrande och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wanka, Anna
    Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany; University of Stuttgart, Germany..
    Urbaniak, Anna
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Hansen, Thomas
    Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Vidovićová, Lucie
    Masaryk University, Tjeckien.
    Exclusion from Social Relations in Later Lifeand the Role of Gender: A Heuristic Model2021Ingår i: Gender and Research, ISSN 2570-6578, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 16-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Being socially connected is a universal human need, but a substantial number ofolder men and women are or become excluded from these connections in later life. Exclusionfrom social relations (ESR) is unwanted as it undermines people’s ability to lead a healthy,active, and independent life. Policies to reduce this form of exclusion have been limited ineffectiveness, due in part to a broader lack of knowledge about the dynamics of socialexclusion in older ages and the intersection of social exclusion with gender constructions. Toadvance our understanding of ESR in later life, we develop a heuristic model based on theoriesand previous empirical studies. Considering the gendered constructing forces of ESR in olderage that can potentially lead to loneliness and reduced health and wellbeing, the modelidentifies individual drivers, such as biopsychosocial conditions, personal standards and life--course transitions, and macro-level drivers, such as norms and welfare state provisions. Thismodel can serve as a conceptual platform for further theoretical development and empiricalstudy on the gendered construction of ESR in later life. While our focus is on drivers of ESRand its outcomes, potential reversed effects are also discussed.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Aaslund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Larsson Jagbrant, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Nutida uppfattningar om svensk utrikespolitik: en diskursanalays av svenska politikers föreställningar om utrikespolitik idag2005Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår uppsats är att undersöka diskursen om utrikespolitik ur ett svenskt perspektiv. I uppsatsen undersöker vi hur svenska politiker diskuterar dagens och framtidens svenska utrikespolitik. Studien bygger på intervjuer med sju av ledamöterna i riksdagens utrikesutskott. I analysen av dessa ledamöters utsagor utgår vi från ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv och använder diskursteorin som verktyg. Svensk utrikespolitik har i historien ofta förknippats med neutralitetstänkande och främjandet av värderingar såsom mänskliga rättigheter och nedrustning. I och med utvecklingen av en gemensam utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik för Europa pågår dock en diskussion om vad svensk utrikespolitik är idag. Likaså pågår idag en akademisk debatt om hur utrikespolitik ska förstås i en alltmer internationaliserad värld. Till följd av detta är vår studie av svenska politikers föreställningar om utrikespolitik i allra högsta grad befogad.

    Vi konstaterar i vår studie att både enighet och meningsskiljaktigheter förekommer i den diskurs om utrikespolitik som de intervjuade ledamöterna ger uttryck för. Under våra intervjuer framkom framförallt att utrikespolitik definieras som relationer mellan stater och staters rätt att bedriva utrikespolitik motiverades med hänvisning till att medborgarna i en stat har en gemensam identitet. Det blev också tydligt att grupptillhörighet ofta uppfattades påverka det europeiska utrikespolitiska samarbetet. Sammanfattningsvis kan vi alltså konstatera att ett djupt rotat identitetstänkande tycks vara tongivande för synen på utrikespolitik.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 21.
    Aav, Sebastian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Adaptive Music System for DirectSound2005Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    With the intention of surveying the field of research in adaptive audio systems for interactive media, a suggested audio system design for adaptive music control is described, and a prototype implementation of key parts of the system is presented and evaluated.

    Foregoing midi-triggered sound banks, the proposed design uses layered segmented audio files, defined and controlled by XML-scripts. The results demonstrate an inclination of a flexible system, capable of adequate adaptive behaviour of high quality sound.

    The implemented system will serve as an extensive basis for future work contributing to the research of adaptive behaviour to both music and sound effects for interactive media, and also as a preliminary foray into the more experimental field of stand-alone non-linear music playback.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Sodertorn Univ, Sweden.
    Benyamine, Isak
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Festival Venue that makes sense- A study of Skansen arena in Stockholm2021Ingår i: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikel-id 1886652Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the open-air museum of Skansen in Stockholm as venue for celebration of Persian Fire Festival is assessed by the festivals visitors. The study is based on a delimited part of a larger online survey with 280 completed questionnaires including both close-ended and open-ended questions, and a qualitative thematic analysis method has been used in this paper. The results show a high level of appreciation of the Skansen venue that gives the visitors positive emotions, meanings, place attachment, place identity and a sense of place. Contributing factors have been the high status of the venue that has given the visitors pride and dignity; security and safety of the venue; size of the venue; and the natural beauty of the venue. The most important disadvantage factor has been the lack of accessibility combined with lack of sufficient public transport. The results have implications for the Swedish society, for the policy makers in Stockholm city and for both the host and the organiser of the festival and gives rise to new debates on immigrants socio-cultural integration into Swedish society. This paper gives a contribution to existing literature on festival venue and its impact on the visitors overall assessment of the festival.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Abdalhamed, Soura
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    Experiences and Perceptions of Discrimination among Highly Educated Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market: A Qualitative Study2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Abdel-Halim, Adam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Danielsson, Max
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Arlitt, Martin
    Univ Calgary, Canada.
    Carlsson, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Databas och informationsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Temporal Analysis of X.509 Revocations and their Statuses2022Ingår i: 7TH IEEE EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY WORKSHOPS (EUROS&PW 2022), IEEE , 2022, s. 258-265Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the X509 public key infrastructure (PKI) being essential for ensuring the trust we place in our communication with web servers, the revocation of the trust placed in individual X509 certificates is neither transparent nor well-studied, leaving many unanswered questions. In this paper, we present a temporal analysis of 36 million certificates, whose revocation statuses we followed for 120 days since first being issued. We characterize the revocation rates of different certificate authorities (CAs) and how the rates change over the lifetime of the certificates. We identify and discuss several instances where the status changes from "revoked" to "good", "unauthorized" or "unknown", respectively, before the certificates expiry. This complements prior work that has observed such inconsistencies in some CAs behavior after expiry but also highlight a potentially more severe problem. Our results highlight heterogeneous revocation practices among the CAs.

  • 25.
    Abdi, Allan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Tunisiens tillfälliga övergångsregim 2011: En teorikonsumerande fallstudie av politiska aktörers betydelse för övergången till demokratiskt styre2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    According to The Economist Democracy Index, Tunisia was at 2.79 during 2010 and by the end of 2011 they had climbed up to 5.53. Therefore Tunisia entered a new category, called hybrid regime. This was a step closer to a more democratic regime. Rustow Dankwart, Shain Yossi and Linz J. Juan would say that the interim government and the political actors within it had a significant impact on Tunisias increase in democracy index. Therefore the aim of this study took the shape of a theory consuming case study. The purpose of the study was to analyze the political actors and the interim government importance during the Tunisian democratic transition, with the delimitation to the year 2011. The results firstly showed us the categorization hardliners within the authoritarian coalition in combination with radicals in the oppositional coalition. During the second interim government the categorization changes from hardliners to softliners. During the third, we see a glint of moderates within the opposition. Secondly, the results showed us that there is evidence of an opposition-led, power-sharing and incumbent-led caretaker regime in Tunisia. The study discusses two conclusions about political actors during the transition. Firstly, the importance of radicals within the opposition and secondly the importance of the authoritarian coalition changing from hardliners to softliners, which allowed the country to transition. Within the categorization of the interim government we have come to the conclusion that the opposition-led government played a significant role in the Tunisian transition.

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    fulltext
  • 26.
    Abdul Malek, Nurul Aida
    et al.
    Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia / Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Shahzad, Khuram
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Takala, Josu
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Bojnec, Stefan
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Papler, Drago
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Liu, Yang
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Analyzing Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Strategically Managing Resource Allocations to Achieve Operational Competitiveness2015Ingår i: Management and Production Engineering Review, ISSN 2080-8208, E-ISSN 2082-1344, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 70-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s dynamic business environment, a key challenge for all companies is to make adaptive adjustments to their manufacturing strategy. This study demonstrates the competitive priorities of manufacturing strategy in hydro-power case company to evaluate the level of sustainable competitive advantage and also to further analyze how business strategies are aligned with manufacturing strategies. This research is based on new holistic analytical evaluation of manufacturing strategy index, sense and respond, and sustainable competitive advantage models. These models help to describe, evaluate, and optimize resource allocation to meet the performance requirements in dynamic decision making. Furthermore, these models evaluate operational competitiveness for manufacturing strategies according to the multi-criteria priority. The results show that the adjustments of competitive priorities in manufacturing strategies by implementing the proposed holistic analytical models are helpful in strategically managing business operations. The discussion derives the most critical attributes in business operations while alignment of resource allocation with competitive priorities help to strategically focus those attributes. In conclusion, we argue that resource allocation and manufacturing strategies have become the most important capabilities in a business environment where companies focus to get a sustainable competitive advantage.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located on the crossroads of the two continents. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources, represented by oil, gas, coal and hydropower resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’, an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between some of the European Union member-states and Central Asian countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s foreign policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the end of every chapter.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The European Union-Central Asia : in the light of the New Strategy
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    COVER01
  • 28.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located at the crossroads of the two continents: Asia and Europe. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources represented by oil, gas, coal and water resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’,  an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between the Central Asian states and the European Union Member States actively cooperating with these countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the research.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy
  • 29. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Abdulla, Afrah
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om nyanlända vuxna migranters meningsskapande och lärande i det svenska samhället under deras tvååriga introduktionsperiod, efter att de har fått uppehållstillstånd. Jag har specifikt studerat arabisktalande vuxnas meningsskapande och lärande, genom observationer och enskilda djupintervjuer med 12 nyanlända. Introduktionsperioden består främst av tre s.k. etableringsinsatser; kursen i samhällsorientering, svenska för invandrare (SFI) samt olika arbetsrelaterade och arbetsfrämjande insatser, såsom praktik på olika arbetsplatser.

    Resultatet visar att etablering handlar om att forma de vuxna nyanlända till ”goda” medborgare, genom etableringsinsatserna, bl.a. i samhällsorienteringskursen, som regleras genom policydokumenten, och som s.a.s. tillhandahåller mening för de nyanlända. Den ”goda” medborgaren har vissa specifika kännetecken, vilka, i grova drag, är att han eller hon är självständig (och förespråkar individualitet), fri, jämlikhetstänkande, sekulariserad, laglydig (vilket inkluderar ärlig), ansvarsfull, och en ”god” förälder. Dessa karaktärsdrag kommer på olika sätt till uttryck i samhällsorienteringskursen, exempelvis genom kursmaterialet. Det svenska samhället framställs då också som något eftersträvansvärt, och skilt från det som antyds vara ”arabiska” värderingar och tänkesätt. Föreställningen om den ”goda” medborgaren verka syfta till att konstruera den vuxna nyanländas (och dennas familjs) identitet, något som många av studiens respondenter gör motstånd mot.

    Vad gäller migrantens nya erfarenheter, är det exempelvis de som migranten har fått genom kontakt med Arbetsförmedlingen som påverkar meningsskapandet i det nya samhället. Den mening som de flesta av respondenterna har gjort om Arbetsförmedlingens insatser för dem är att denna myndighet enbart erbjuder dem ”förpaketerade” lösningar, och inte tillhandahåller den hjälp eller det stöd som de behöver. Även erfarenheter som migranten gör i samhällsorienteringskursen, samt den mening som ”gamla” migranter förmedlar till honom eller henne, spelar roll för hur vederbörande skapar mening om Sverige och svenskar, och om sin nya livssituation. Dessutom har det visat sig att det är de erfarenheter som den vuxna har blivit socialiserad genom, samt de som han eller hon har fått genom utbildning eller arbete i ursprungslandet, som påverkar migrantens meningsskapande i Sverige. Det är främst värderingar som är knutna till barnuppfostran och religion som leder till en viss förståelse och konstruktion av ens nya liv. Dessa värderingar leder också, när de stöts mot de värderingar som ingår i föreställningen om den ”goda” medborgaren, antingen till ett motstånd mot eller en beredvillighet inför det meningsgivande som ingår i den ”goda” medborgaren.

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    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden
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    presentationsbild
  • 30.
    Abdulla, Afrah
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Risenfors, Signild
    Högskolan Väst.
    Kursen samhällsorientering för nyanlända: mobilisering och integration för deltagare2013Ingår i: Gemenskaper: socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Lisbeth Eriksson, Gunilla Nilsson, Lars A. Svensson, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, s. 117-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Abdullahi, Khadra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Berg, Elvira
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Projekt Svensk: En kvalitativ studie om migranters identiteter och identitetsprocesser2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att fördjupa kunskapen om hur migranter som kommer till Sverige från länder utanför EU upplever och beskriver sina identitetsprocesser. Vi har använt tre självbiografiska berättelser skrivna av personer med utländsk bakgrund: Sverigevänner (2019), Den udda fågeln (2022) och Min väg från flykting till hela Sveriges polis (2022). Vi har använt en hermenutisk utgångspunkt, en narrativ analysmetod, Jenkins sociala identitetsteori, Goffmans stigmateori, Baumans teori om "Vi" och "De andra", samt Hammarén och Johanssons hybrida identitetsbegrepp.

    Vi kom fram till att identitet ändras i individens interaktion med omgivningen. Studien visar också att faktorer, som kan tolkas ha betydele i identitetsprocesser, är individens sociala positioner, respekt och erkännande, språksvårigheter, relationen med arbetsmarknaden och behärskande av sociala koder, individens annanhet och upplevelsen av grupptillhörighet. Utifrån detta har vi observerat att migranter strävar efter att bli en del av majoritetssamhället, men även upplever att de skulle vilja kunna behålla sin integritet. 

    Studien fokuserar på migranters upplevelser av sina identitetsprocesser. Vi har observerat att för att bli en del av det svenska samhället, krävs det mycket arbete och ansträngning från migrantens sida att utveckla en identitet som passar in i det nya samhället. Vi har likställt detta arbete med ett projekt. Med inspiration från boken Sverigevänner (2019) skriven av Arash Sanari, har vi valt att benämna denna studie till Projekt Svensk.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Abdullahi, Zahra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    Danielsson Benachir, Chahrazad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle.
    Porträtteringar av den missbrukande föräldern: En kvalitativ analys av fyra nordiska filmer2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att undersöka vilka egenskaper och beskrivningar som ingår i konstruktionen av en missbrukande förälder i fyra nordiska filmer. De studerade filmerna är Trädgårdsgatan (2017), Mig äger ingen (2013), Submarino (2010) och Svinalängorna (2010). Syftet med studien är även att undersöka hur framställningen av familjemedlemmars reaktioner på missbruket i filmerna bidrar till konstruktionen av den missbrukande föräldern. Studien utgår ifrån ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv och använder narrativ metod. Två centrala teoretiska begrepp som används är normalitet och avvikelse för att analysera hur förälderns föräldraskap konstrueras som antingen normalt eller avvikande. Eftersom narrativ metod används analyseras filmerna som berättelser, mer specifikt berättelser om familjer. I studien har vi funnit att den missbrukande föräldern konstrueras genom önskvärda respektive avvikande egenskaper.

    I analysen har vi utifrån nyckelscener och nyckelcitat synliggjort de fem mest utmärkande egenskaperna som föräldern tillskrivits genom filmernas berättelser. Dessa är att vara socialt utsatt, ansvarslös, kontrollös, medveten (kring det som avviker) och känslomässigt nära till sitt barn. Egenskaperna har sorterats efter fem teman och under dessa har vi analyserat varje tillskriven egenskap och hur de bidrar till konstruktionen av den missbrukande föräldern i de studerade filmerna. Sammantaget visar vår studie att det är en viss stereotypisk bild av en förälder som förmedlas, men även en komplex sådan. Vår förhoppning med studien är att skapa medvetenhet kring hur film kan framställa, producera och reproducera vissa stereotypa bilder eller föreställningar för ett fenomen, som i detta fall är ett föräldraskap i missbruk.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Examensarbete
  • 33.
    Abdul-Mumuni, Abdallah
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Conflict Resolution in West Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Sierra Leone and Liberia2005Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a Master thesis for the Master’s program in International and European Relations in the Department of Management and Economics at Linköping University. As the title indicates, the aim of this thesis is to make a comparative analysis of the conflict resolution initiatives that were employed in the Sierra Leonean and Liberian conflicts. The research questions are:

    • What were the root causes and trajectories of the Sierra Leonean and Liberian conflicts?

    • What were the conflict resolution initiatives employed in resolving both conflicts?

    • Why did the Lome Peace Accord succeed in the case of Sierra Leone whilst the Abuja Peace Accord failed in bringing peace to Liberia?

    In order to answer the afore-mentioned questions and fulfil the aim of this paper, a qualitative research method has been chosen. The study is mainly based on secondary sources such as textbooks, official documents from ECOWAS and the UN, articles, magazines and newspapers as well as internet resources. In making the comparative analysis the Conflict Transformation Model as espoused by Kumar Rupesinghe has been utilized. This model has specifically helped in explaining the reasons why peace returned to Sierra Leone but eluded the people of Liberia for a long time. The conclusion drawn from the study is that a multi-track approach is required in dealing with conflicts in West Africa so that it would touch on the context of the conflict, the conflict structure, the intra-party as well as the inter- party divisions and the broader system of society and governance within the conflict area.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 34.
    Abebe, Meaza Eshetu
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Coordination of inter-organizational projects within creative industries: A contextual perspective2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-organizational projects have become common forms of organizing in various industries such as construction, advertising, music, film making etc. The unique structural nature of Inter-organizational projects coupled with the fact that they carried out through the participation of multiple organizations, raises issues of coordination. Particularly when it comes to creative industries, coordination is challenged by demand and transactional uncertainties. In order to understand how inter-organizational projects achieve coordination in such situations, it is important to study their interior processes putting in consideration their environmental context. 

    The aim of this research is to study how network embeddedness enhances coordination in inter-organizational projects within creative industries.

    Inter-organizational projects: are projects that are carried out through the collaboration of multiple legally independent organizations

    Inter-organizational networks: refer to sets of long-term ties among independent organizations that are engaged in continuous exchange relations.

    Embeddedness: refers to the continuous interaction of individuals, organizations, projects etc. with their environmental context.

    Macrocultures: refer to the shared beliefs, norms values rules and practices with in inter- organizational networks that guide members on their actions.

    A qualitative approach using a multiple comparative case study was conducted. Accordingly four projects chosen from creative industries were studied using both primary and secondary data.

    Macrocultures that are embedded inter-organizational networks facilitate coordination within inter-organizational projects. Further projects that differ in their constituents task nature, time duration and team composition relied on different types of embeddedness for coordination.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    ISRN LIU-IEI-FIL-A--1201237--SE
  • 35.
    Abela, Charles
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Understanding the Dynamics of the Employability Agenda in Further Education Colleges in England: New Cross College - A Case Study2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the dynamic of what happens within a further education college in order to develop an understanding of the cultures, systems and processes that are used to socially construct meaning around work and employability.  It is an inductive approach and is based on a case study of a further education college in South London.  The case study is analysed through the metaphor of an “extended family” and draws on social learning theory which is predicated on meaning and identity being created through social interaction (Wenger, 1998).  What has become apparent from being immersed within that extended family of the College, from interviews with staff and students, interacting in social activities, observing classes and reviewing many of its artefacts is perhaps an unremarkable conclusion.  The work of the family is not primarily about imparting a given set of skills (although that plays an important part) but in the formation of identity: “because learning transforms who we are and what we can do, it is an experience of identity” (Wenger, 1998, p. 215).  A major task for the College is to build self belief in developing the identity of learners and assist them to make new meaning so that they can transact effectively in economic life.  To the extent that one can examine and comprehend the organisational DNA of a further education college there are markers here, genes if you will, that can be passed across generations of learners that adapt and shift to survive in life beyond the boundaries of this community.  This study constructs a narrative around that research experience to respond to that primary research question about how the dynamics of the employability operate within a college.  The answer is partial, limited and perhaps only grabs at a corner of what is really going on within the College.  With those caveats and disclaimers what follows is the story of how a discourse takes root and flourishes within a learning community.  It points to the need to re-set the relationship between FE colleges and government to promote greater coherence between policy and practice.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Understanding the Dynamics of the Employability Agenda in Further Education Colleges in England
  • 36.
    Abele, Wilhelm
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Starfelt, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av artificiell intelligens2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av artificiell intelligens

    Författare: Wilhelm Abele och Simon Starfelt

    Handledare: Jon Engström

    Nyckelord: Artificiell intelligens (AI), AI-implementering, framgångsfaktorer, hinder, organisation.

    Bakgrund: Artificiell intelligens (AI) har funnits sedan år 1956 men det är först det senaste årtiondet som AI blivit applicerbart inom organisationer. Forskning tyder på att AI har stor värdepotential och företagsledare menar att AI kommer ha stor påverkan på organisatoriska processer. Samtidigt som värdepotentialen ser lovande ut, visar undersökningar att majoriteten av de företag som investerar i AI upplever minimalt eller inget värde från investeringen. Tidigare forskning menar att svårigheterna ligger i implementeringsprocessen av AI och att organisationer bör ha ett affärsmässigt perspektiv för att uppleva värde. Därmed ska de faktorer som påverkar implementeringsprocessen undersökas.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av AI i en organisation. Vidare är syftet att skapa ett ramverk organisationer kan förhålla sig till under implementeringsprocessen av AI.

    Genomförande: Studien är en tentativ flerfallstudie med kvalitativ karaktär. Empirin har samlats in genom intervjuer från sex organisationer av olika karaktär, där de antigen utvecklar AI-system själva eller köpt in externt. Detta för att skapa ett brett perspektiv för vilka framgångsfaktorerna är.

    Slutsats: Studien resulterar i ett ramverk som innefattar de faktorer som anses avgörande för en framgångsrik implementering av AI i en organisation. Ramverket är uppdelat i tre faser: (1) Förberedelsefas, (2) Implementeringsfas och (3) Utvärderingsfas. Framgångsfaktorerna kopplade till en lyckad implementering är: affärsdrivet syfte, involvering av intressenter, datakvalitet- och hantering, kunskapsdelning och organisationsstruktur, samt utvärdering och feedback.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Framgångsfaktorer vid implementering av AI - Abele & Starfelt
  • 37.
    Abidi, L.
    et al.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands.
    Oenema, A.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Anderson, P.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands; Newcastle University, England.
    van de Mheen, D.
    Maastricht University, Netherlands; IVO Addict Research Institute, Netherlands; Erasmus MC, Netherlands.
    Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Implementation of Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in General Practice: a Delphi Study Among Healthcare Professionals and Addiction Prevention Experts2016Ingår i: Prevention Science, ISSN 1389-4986, E-ISSN 1573-6695, Vol. 17, nr 6, s. 689-699Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the evidence base, alcohol screening and brief intervention (ASBI) have rarely been integrated into routine clinical practice. The aim of this study is to identify strategies that could tackle barriers to ASBI implementation in general practice by involving primary healthcare professionals and addiction prevention experts. A three-round online Delphi study was carried out in the Netherlands. The first-round questionnaire consisted of open-ended questions to generate ideas about strategies to overcome barriers. In the second round, participants were asked to indicate how applicable they found each strategy. Items without consensus were systematically fed back with group median ratings and interquartile range (IQR) scores in the third-round questionnaire. In total, 39 out of 69 (57 %) invited participants enrolled in the first round, 214 participants completed the second round, and 144 of these (67 %) completed the third-round questionnaire. Results show that participants reached consensus on 59 of 81 strategies, such as the following: (1) use of E-learning technology, (2) symptom-specific screening by general practitioners (GPs) and/or universal screening by practice nurses, (3) reimbursement incentives, (4) supportive materials, (5) clear guidelines, (6) service provision of addiction care centers, and (7) more publicity in the media. This exploratory study identified a broad set of strategies that could potentially be used for overcoming barriers to ASBI implementation in general practice and paves the way for future research to experimentally test the identified implementation strategies using multifaceted approaches.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Abjanbekov, Aidyn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Alvarez Padilla, Ana Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    From Knowledge Transfer to Knowledge Translation: Case Study of a Telecom Consultancy2004Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today’s highly competitive business environment, knowledge is viewed as a key strategic resource. The privatization process of telecom operators in different countries created a demand in telecom management skills, and Swedish companies like Swedtel AB became involved in exporting and transferring their knowledge and management skills.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis paper is to identify all stages (from origins to final destination) of the Knowledge Transfer process and to contribute to the understanding about the mechanism of Knowledge Transfer between organizations.

    Scope: This research is limited to the investigation of the transfer process of strategic management knowledge from consulting company Swedtel AB to privatized telecom companies in Lithuania (Lietuvos Telekomas) and Nicaragua (Enitel).

    Results: Theoretical model of Knowledge Transfer was identified and tested. The model of this research was only partially supported: processes were identified in practice as described by the theory, however model required modifications in order to better reflect the reality.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 39.
    Ablahad, Marlen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur.
    Bära Sorg Föra Liv: En studie om begravningsritualer bland syrianer/assyrier i hemlandet och i Sverige.2005Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the phases of funeral rituals between the Syrian/Assyrian, and compares the homeland with Sweden. It describes the stage of rituals according to Victor Turner schema of separation, margin or limin, and aggregation. The rituals religious significance agrees with Clifford Geertz’s theory about the importance of religious beliefs for the human being

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 40.
    Abo Al Ahad, George
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    Gerzic, Denis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    A Study on the Low Volatility Anomaly in the Swedish Stock Exchange Market: Modern Portfolio Theory2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates, with a critical approach, if portfolios consisting of high beta stocks yields more than portfolios consisting of low beta stocks in the Swedish stock exchange market. The chosen period is 1999-2016, covering both the DotCom Bubble and the financial crisis of 2008. We also investigate if the Capital Asset Pricing Model is valid by doing a test similar to Fama and Macbeth’s of 1973.

    Based on earlier studies in the field and our own study we come to the conclusion that high beta stocks does not outperform low beta stocks in the Swedish stock market 1999-2016. We believe that this relationship arises from inefficiencies in the market and irrational investing. By doing this study we observe that, the use of beta as the only risk factor for explaining expected returns on stocks or portfolios is not correct.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Aboulazze, Nawal
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nordström, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Exklusiva varumärkens strategier kring digitala kundrelationer: Hur svenska exklusiva varumärken skapar kundrelationer via sociala medier2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag väljer allt fler företag inom mode- och inredningsindustrin att sälja sina produkter online. Företagens interaktioner och marknadsföring sker därför mestadels digitalt gentemot kunden. Denna nya era av digitalisering för företagen innebär en stor förändring vad gäller nya former av marknadsföring och kundkontakt. Tidigare har exklusiva företag främst använt sig av butiksmedarbetare i fysiska butiker för att överföra känslan av lyx och exklusivitet till kunden, vilket utmanar denna bransch i en digital kontext. Vidare förväntas exklusiva företag idag ha en transparens gällande hållbarhet och miljömässigt avtryck i sin kommunikation mot kunden. Samtidigt innebär detta en högre risk för kritisering. Studien kommer därför att vidare undersöka de utmaningar som nio exklusiva företag upplever kring skapande och underhåll av kundrelationer i en digital kontext.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva och analysera hur svenska exklusiva varumärken skapar samt bibehåller relationer till sina kunder via sociala medier. Studien kommer senare bidra med slutsatser kring hur de exklusiva svenska varumärkena bör agera för att förbättra sina relationer till sina kunder via sociala medier.

    Metod: Denna fallstudie har en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi. Ett hermeneutiskt vetenskapligt perspektiv har valts tillsammans med induktiva inslag. Den kvalitativa datainsamlingen består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio respondenter från nio svenska, exklusiva företag inom mode- och inredningsbranschen.

    Slutsats: Studiens resultat visar att de svenska exklusiva företagen skapar samt bibehåller relationer med sina kunder genom parasociala interaktioner på sociala medier. Detta utförs genom digitala strategier som storytelling, sinnesmarknadsföring, word of mouth, CRM samt värdeskapande. Aspekter som utmanar de exklusiva företagens digitala relationsskapande är företagens storlek, sinnesexkludering, tidsbrist och kapital. Vidare visar studien att företagen bör öka sin transparens gällande hållbarhet gentemot sina kunder för att uppnå ett ökat förtroende.

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    fulltext
  • 42. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Current SME performance models suffer from a number of disadvantages. The models use intensively a business ratio approach, they look at SMEs as a homogenous group, they consider firms to be closed systems, they do not directly incorporate the impact of an enterprise’s innovation activities, and finally they are complex and rely on sophisticated statistical refining methods making them unpractical to use by SME managers. There are four major challenges when one tries to build SME performance models that lack these deficiencies. The first challenge is that the desired performance evaluation model must optimally incorporate both quantitative and qualitative input. The second challenge is that the model must incorporate non-financial input parameters, such as firm size and age (among others), in the performance evaluation models. The third is that the model must consider the variety of SMEs as concerns their business sectors, nationalities, sizes, and ages. The final challenge is that the model must be able to utilize existing limited information available from the SMEs bookkeeping practices in an optimal way.

    The thesis addresses three questions related to constructing a better SMEperformance model, namely (1) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the existing models used in evaluating SME performance? (2) What characterizes a comprehensive model for measuring SME performance with acknowledgement of the firm’s innovation activities? (3) How can a firm’s innovation activities be enhanced in relation to the firm’s external environment?

    To construct a model that copes with these challenges, I used a literature-based selection of parameters as well as a theory-based selection. I used both a conceptual approach and an empirical approach to discuss and propose a model, the Survival Index Value (or SIV) model, as an alternative to the existing performance models for SMEs.

    The major contributions of this thesis to the field of SME performance can be summarized in three outcomes: the SIV model as a new model of SME performance evaluation, the ASPEM as a new tool for strategic utilization of SME performance models, and a new approach to account for innovation in relation to the external environment of the firm using the IBAM tool.

    The work adds to the theory of the firm, as it presents a new way of evaluating firm performance. It also contributes to bridging the theory of the firm to organizational theory, by elevating the significance of networking and its impact on SME efficiency.

    Delarbeten
    1. Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 155-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    A number of firm performance models are available. Reviewing these models and pointing out their individual strengths and weaknesses, would help both academic researchers and professional users to understand and appreciate how and when to use these various models. The theoretical models for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (SME) performance can be divided into two categories: firm dynamics theories and performance prediction models. In the first part of this paper we review, in a condensed manner, the most relevant firm dynamic theories, i.e. SME's performance models. These include: Stochastic Theories, Learning Model Theories and Hazard Modeling Theories. In the second part of this paper, we examine the performance prediction models of SMEs, which include Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks (NN) and the SIV® models, among others. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these models are exposed and discussed.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    SpringerLink, 2004
    Nyckelord
    small and medium-size enterprises - survival index value - SIV® model - Z-scores - neural networks
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71336 (URN)10.1023/B:JIEN.0000026911.03396.2d (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying and measuring small firm performance is vital in our understanding of how internationalization influences firm performance. That is also important when attempting to grasp the mechanisms of the internationalization processes. There are few methods used for the evaluation of performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs). These methods can be either macro or micro economic in nature. Hazard Modeling, Stochastic Models, and Learning Models are examples of macro economic models while Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks, and the SIV® model are examples of micro models. Choosing the most suitable performance model is an essential step in order to maximize our knowledge in relation to firm performance. Utilizing SMEs performance measures without thinking about the category of model, will bias the outcome of the majority of SMEs studies. However, using firm performance diverse models in an efficient manner requires strategic thinking. In this paper, we are re-introducing a tool that can accommodate that aspect. Abouzeedan (2002) designated the new tool: the Arena of SMEs Performance Models or an ASPEM diagram. The horizontal axis in the diagram indicates the Information Intensity Requirements of the model. The vertical axis indicates the Coverage Intensity of the model varying from an individual firm up to a whole group of firms. By allocating each of the SMEs performance models, at the suitable region of the ASPEM Diagram, researchers can better build a sound strategy for the application of these methods.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    SpringerLink, 2005
    Nyckelord
    Arena of SMEs performance models, ASPEM - SIV® model, Zeta-scores, ZETA-scores, neural networks, stochastic theories, hazard modeling
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71337 (URN)10.1007/s10843-005-0305-4 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 277-301Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In his original work of the Survival Index Value (SIV®) model, Dr. Adli Abouzeedan proposed a new parameter, which he named as the Survival Index (SI) (see Abouzeedan, 2001; Abouzeedan and Busler, 2002a). The new parameter is used to evaluate the performance of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) utilizing firm survivability as an indicator. The SI is calculated using an equation known as Survival Index (SI) Value Equation or SIE. In this paper, we applied the SIV® model to run an analysis on a very young Swedish firm and up to our knowledge, for the first time. The firm is a small one, working within a business sector defined as "fish preparation industry". This particular enterprise had a bad performance through its short life. The purpose of this study is to truly determine if the SIV® model has the capacity to indicate the performance of the firm. The case study presented in this work showed the valuable analytical power of the new model since it succeeded in giving a clear indication of the worsening situation of the enterprise. During the SIV® analysis of this Swedish firm new concepts have been introduced which do increase the practicality and analytical capacity of the model.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    World Scientific Publishing Co., 2004
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71340 (URN)10.1142/S0218495804000154 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Economies have different levels of entrepreneurial activities depending on the availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In their working paper, Abouzeedan and Busler (2004) established a new type of capital, adding up the components of the most important types of capital. These are the human capital, financial capital and the system capital. In that paper, the two researchers defined each of the components and explained what they meant with those terminologies. They called this new type of capital, innovation capital. The two researchers have argued that innovation capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in a region and thus the general character of the economy. They also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix or IBAM as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions. In this extended work, they have used this analysis and tried to apply it to Arab countries using a general knowledge and deductive approach to the issue. They conclude the paper with some recommendations as how to enrich the innovation capital in that region.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2006
    Nyckelord
    Human capital; financial capital; system capital; innovation capital; innovation balance matrix; IBAM; Arab countries; Middle East; entrepreneurship.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71341 (URN)10.1504/WREMSD.2006.009893 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2007
    Serie
    Globalisation, Technology and Sustainable Development Book Series
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71342 (URN)0-907776-30-2 (ISBN)0-907776-32-9 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    6. Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook 2009. The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development / [ed] Allam Ahmed, World Association for Sustainable Development , 2009, s. 287-294Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies develop different levels of entrepreneurial capacity depending on the degree of availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In an earlier work by Abouzeedan and Busler (2006), a new type of capital, that is, innovation capital, has been suggested to serve as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in an economy. Innovation capital incorporates the concepts of human capital, financial capital and system capital. However, the issue of accessibility and openness in the innovation process also need to be reflected in the innovation capital concept. Innovation activities in the modern economies are growing to become more interconnected and open in their nature. In this paper, we defined and incorporated a new component within the innovation capital, namely open capital. We also reflected on how the four components of the innovation capital concept, including the open capital, are interconnected.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    World Association for Sustainable Development, 2009
    Nyckelord
    Open Capital, Human Capital, Financial Capital, System Capital, Innovation Capital, Open Innovation, Open Innovation Management
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71344 (URN)978-1-907106-05-7 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2011-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    7. Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    ICSB, 2011
    Nyckelord
    small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, performance evaluation models, SIV model
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71345 (URN)978-0-9819028-3-8 (ISBN)0-9819028-3-9 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    ICSB 2011 World Conference Date: June 15-18, 2011, Stockholm Waterfront Congress Center, Stockholm, Sweden
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-12 Skapad: 2011-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-05-04Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    omslag
  • 43.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University USA.
    Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study2004Ingår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 277-301Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In his original work of the Survival Index Value (SIV®) model, Dr. Adli Abouzeedan proposed a new parameter, which he named as the Survival Index (SI) (see Abouzeedan, 2001; Abouzeedan and Busler, 2002a). The new parameter is used to evaluate the performance of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) utilizing firm survivability as an indicator. The SI is calculated using an equation known as Survival Index (SI) Value Equation or SIE. In this paper, we applied the SIV® model to run an analysis on a very young Swedish firm and up to our knowledge, for the first time. The firm is a small one, working within a business sector defined as "fish preparation industry". This particular enterprise had a bad performance through its short life. The purpose of this study is to truly determine if the SIV® model has the capacity to indicate the performance of the firm. The case study presented in this work showed the valuable analytical power of the new model since it succeeded in giving a clear indication of the worsening situation of the enterprise. During the SIV® analysis of this Swedish firm new concepts have been introduced which do increase the practicality and analytical capacity of the model.

  • 44.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University, Great Valley Graduate Center, Malvern, PA 19355.
    ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization2005Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying and measuring small firm performance is vital in our understanding of how internationalization influences firm performance. That is also important when attempting to grasp the mechanisms of the internationalization processes. There are few methods used for the evaluation of performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs). These methods can be either macro or micro economic in nature. Hazard Modeling, Stochastic Models, and Learning Models are examples of macro economic models while Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks, and the SIV® model are examples of micro models. Choosing the most suitable performance model is an essential step in order to maximize our knowledge in relation to firm performance. Utilizing SMEs performance measures without thinking about the category of model, will bias the outcome of the majority of SMEs studies. However, using firm performance diverse models in an efficient manner requires strategic thinking. In this paper, we are re-introducing a tool that can accommodate that aspect. Abouzeedan (2002) designated the new tool: the Arena of SMEs Performance Models or an ASPEM diagram. The horizontal axis in the diagram indicates the Information Intensity Requirements of the model. The vertical axis indicates the Coverage Intensity of the model varying from an individual firm up to a whole group of firms. By allocating each of the SMEs performance models, at the suitable region of the ASPEM Diagram, researchers can better build a sound strategy for the application of these methods.

  • 45.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ 08028, USA.
    Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries2007Ingår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

  • 46.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ 08028, USA.
    Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries2006Ingår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies have different levels of entrepreneurial activities depending on the availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In their working paper, Abouzeedan and Busler (2004) established a new type of capital, adding up the components of the most important types of capital. These are the human capital, financial capital and the system capital. In that paper, the two researchers defined each of the components and explained what they meant with those terminologies. They called this new type of capital, innovation capital. The two researchers have argued that innovation capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in a region and thus the general character of the economy. They also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix or IBAM as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions. In this extended work, they have used this analysis and tried to apply it to Arab countries using a general knowledge and deductive approach to the issue. They conclude the paper with some recommendations as how to enrich the innovation capital in that region.

  • 47.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University, Great Valley Graduate Center, Malvern, PA 19355, USA.
    Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)2004Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 155-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of firm performance models are available. Reviewing these models and pointing out their individual strengths and weaknesses, would help both academic researchers and professional users to understand and appreciate how and when to use these various models. The theoretical models for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (SME) performance can be divided into two categories: firm dynamics theories and performance prediction models. In the first part of this paper we review, in a condensed manner, the most relevant firm dynamic theories, i.e. SME's performance models. These include: Stochastic Theories, Learning Model Theories and Hazard Modeling Theories. In the second part of this paper, we examine the performance prediction models of SMEs, which include Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks (NN) and the SIV® models, among others. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these models are exposed and discussed.

  • 48.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, USA.
    Hedner, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital2009Ingår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook 2009. The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development / [ed] Allam Ahmed, World Association for Sustainable Development , 2009, s. 287-294Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies develop different levels of entrepreneurial capacity depending on the degree of availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In an earlier work by Abouzeedan and Busler (2006), a new type of capital, that is, innovation capital, has been suggested to serve as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in an economy. Innovation capital incorporates the concepts of human capital, financial capital and system capital. However, the issue of accessibility and openness in the innovation process also need to be reflected in the innovation capital concept. Innovation activities in the modern economies are growing to become more interconnected and open in their nature. In this paper, we defined and incorporated a new component within the innovation capital, namely open capital. We also reflected on how the four components of the innovation capital concept, including the open capital, are interconnected.

  • 49.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Innovation and entrepreneurship – new themes for new times2010Ingår i: Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2000-7396, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history, innovators and entrepreneurs have had a tremendous impact on development, exploration, trade, education, science, and integration. During the 20th century, innovation and entrepre-neurship have been regarded as key drivers in technological progress and productivity development worldwide. New radical innovations from new fields of knowledge such as information and communication technologies and biotechnology have emerged to influence everyday life for most people. Realizing this, policy makers as well as individuals argue that innovative and entrepreneurial change processes need to be further implemented on the micro as well as macro levels in society (Abouzeedan, Busler, & Hedner, 2009; Busenitz, Gomez, & Spencer, 2000). The study of innovation is therefore likely to be an increasingly important topic in, for example, economics, business, entrepreneurship, tech-nology, engineering, medicine, environmental biology, sociology, design, and reregional development (cf. Etzkowitz & Klofsten, 2005).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model2011Ingår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

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