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  • 1.
    Aalto Hagman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Sonde, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Innovation Crowdsourcing: Exploring the Use of an Innovation Intermediary2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With the Open Innovation paradigm come new hopes for innovating companies. The ability to tap a global network of experts can, at least in theory, have a significant impact on an organization’s competitive strength. Before such a ‘network of experts’ can be used to its full potential however, a number of challenges related to knowledge markets seem to need solutions. About 10 years ago however, we could witness the entry of a new breed of company – calling themselves innovation intermediaries. These companies are built to profit from delivering the usefulness of knowledge networks to client (Seeker) companies. Though the use of such networks and markets have so far been uncommon outside of high-tech fields they are now starting to be seen used by companies in more mature environments.Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the collaboration between SCA (a large Swedish corporation) and the innovation intermediary InnoCentive in order to create a better understanding of what kind of benefits can be derived from the use of an innovation intermediary, and how these benefits are best utilized. We also set out to identify relevant limitations of innomediary use and to seek to better understand how using an innomediary can fit a client company’s higher-order activities such as exploration and exploitation.Completion and Results: Our findings include that SCA are using InnoCentive mainly as a tool to solve highly specific problems and/or problems with a low degree of complexity that they encounter in their everyday activities. The challenges related to knowledge markets, we find, are avoided by keeping problem complexity low and problem modularity high for the problems sent out to the network. In addition, InnoCentive’s business model seems to eliminate costly negotiations between Seekers and Solvers. Using this kind of ‘market solution’ however, we argue, will put bounds on the usefulness of the network and makes it mainly suited as a tool for improving an organization’s exploitation capacity.

  • 2.
    Aarnio, Annika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kimber, Ellen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Talent Management & Strategy: Identifying Patterns through a Multiple Case Study2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Exploring the Talent Management literature to understand the importance of Talent Management to strategy and the role the view on talent plays in consideration to Talent Management.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to increase the empirical research on Talent Management to enable a creation of a conceptual framework.

    Methodology

    A multiple case study approach was taken, as 11 companies from diverse industries, sizes, backgrounds etc. was studied in order to gain a broader picture on the research topic. Furthermore, qualitative data collection method was used and main source of empirical data was interviews conducted with HR professionals of each case company.

    Findings

    The empirical findings indicated there to be a relationship between the strategy and the view on talent. There was further an indication that this relationship has an effect on the focus of the Talent Management activities. 

  • 3.
    Abdul Malek, Nurul Aida
    et al.
    Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia / Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Shahzad, Khuram
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Takala, Josu
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Bojnec, Stefan
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Papler, Drago
    Faculty of Management, University of Primorska, Slovenia.
    Liu, Yang
    Department of Production, University of Vaasa, Finland.
    Analyzing Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Strategically Managing Resource Allocations to Achieve Operational Competitiveness2015Inngår i: Management and Production Engineering Review, ISSN 2080-8208, E-ISSN 2082-1344, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 70-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s dynamic business environment, a key challenge for all companies is to make adaptive adjustments to their manufacturing strategy. This study demonstrates the competitive priorities of manufacturing strategy in hydro-power case company to evaluate the level of sustainable competitive advantage and also to further analyze how business strategies are aligned with manufacturing strategies. This research is based on new holistic analytical evaluation of manufacturing strategy index, sense and respond, and sustainable competitive advantage models. These models help to describe, evaluate, and optimize resource allocation to meet the performance requirements in dynamic decision making. Furthermore, these models evaluate operational competitiveness for manufacturing strategies according to the multi-criteria priority. The results show that the adjustments of competitive priorities in manufacturing strategies by implementing the proposed holistic analytical models are helpful in strategically managing business operations. The discussion derives the most critical attributes in business operations while alignment of resource allocation with competitive priorities help to strategically focus those attributes. In conclusion, we argue that resource allocation and manufacturing strategies have become the most important capabilities in a business environment where companies focus to get a sustainable competitive advantage.

  • 4.
    Abebe, Meaza Eshetu
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Kalinina, Ekaterina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Coordination of inter-organizational projects within creative industries: A contextual perspective2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-organizational projects have become common forms of organizing in various industries such as construction, advertising, music, film making etc. The unique structural nature of Inter-organizational projects coupled with the fact that they carried out through the participation of multiple organizations, raises issues of coordination. Particularly when it comes to creative industries, coordination is challenged by demand and transactional uncertainties. In order to understand how inter-organizational projects achieve coordination in such situations, it is important to study their interior processes putting in consideration their environmental context. 

    The aim of this research is to study how network embeddedness enhances coordination in inter-organizational projects within creative industries.

    Inter-organizational projects: are projects that are carried out through the collaboration of multiple legally independent organizations

    Inter-organizational networks: refer to sets of long-term ties among independent organizations that are engaged in continuous exchange relations.

    Embeddedness: refers to the continuous interaction of individuals, organizations, projects etc. with their environmental context.

    Macrocultures: refer to the shared beliefs, norms values rules and practices with in inter- organizational networks that guide members on their actions.

    A qualitative approach using a multiple comparative case study was conducted. Accordingly four projects chosen from creative industries were studied using both primary and secondary data.

    Macrocultures that are embedded inter-organizational networks facilitate coordination within inter-organizational projects. Further projects that differ in their constituents task nature, time duration and team composition relied on different types of embeddedness for coordination.

  • 5.
    Abo Al Ahad, George
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    Gerzic, Denis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik.
    A Study on the Low Volatility Anomaly in the Swedish Stock Exchange Market: Modern Portfolio Theory2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates, with a critical approach, if portfolios consisting of high beta stocks yields more than portfolios consisting of low beta stocks in the Swedish stock exchange market. The chosen period is 1999-2016, covering both the DotCom Bubble and the financial crisis of 2008. We also investigate if the Capital Asset Pricing Model is valid by doing a test similar to Fama and Macbeth’s of 1973.

    Based on earlier studies in the field and our own study we come to the conclusion that high beta stocks does not outperform low beta stocks in the Swedish stock market 1999-2016. We believe that this relationship arises from inefficiencies in the market and irrational investing. By doing this study we observe that, the use of beta as the only risk factor for explaining expected returns on stocks or portfolios is not correct.

  • 6.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    SME Performance and Its Relationship to Innovation2011Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Current SME performance models suffer from a number of disadvantages. The models use intensively a business ratio approach, they look at SMEs as a homogenous group, they consider firms to be closed systems, they do not directly incorporate the impact of an enterprise’s innovation activities, and finally they are complex and rely on sophisticated statistical refining methods making them unpractical to use by SME managers. There are four major challenges when one tries to build SME performance models that lack these deficiencies. The first challenge is that the desired performance evaluation model must optimally incorporate both quantitative and qualitative input. The second challenge is that the model must incorporate non-financial input parameters, such as firm size and age (among others), in the performance evaluation models. The third is that the model must consider the variety of SMEs as concerns their business sectors, nationalities, sizes, and ages. The final challenge is that the model must be able to utilize existing limited information available from the SMEs bookkeeping practices in an optimal way.

    The thesis addresses three questions related to constructing a better SMEperformance model, namely (1) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the existing models used in evaluating SME performance? (2) What characterizes a comprehensive model for measuring SME performance with acknowledgement of the firm’s innovation activities? (3) How can a firm’s innovation activities be enhanced in relation to the firm’s external environment?

    To construct a model that copes with these challenges, I used a literature-based selection of parameters as well as a theory-based selection. I used both a conceptual approach and an empirical approach to discuss and propose a model, the Survival Index Value (or SIV) model, as an alternative to the existing performance models for SMEs.

    The major contributions of this thesis to the field of SME performance can be summarized in three outcomes: the SIV model as a new model of SME performance evaluation, the ASPEM as a new tool for strategic utilization of SME performance models, and a new approach to account for innovation in relation to the external environment of the firm using the IBAM tool.

    The work adds to the theory of the firm, as it presents a new way of evaluating firm performance. It also contributes to bridging the theory of the firm to organizational theory, by elevating the significance of networking and its impact on SME efficiency.

    Delarbeid
    1. Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)
    2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 155-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    A number of firm performance models are available. Reviewing these models and pointing out their individual strengths and weaknesses, would help both academic researchers and professional users to understand and appreciate how and when to use these various models. The theoretical models for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (SME) performance can be divided into two categories: firm dynamics theories and performance prediction models. In the first part of this paper we review, in a condensed manner, the most relevant firm dynamic theories, i.e. SME's performance models. These include: Stochastic Theories, Learning Model Theories and Hazard Modeling Theories. In the second part of this paper, we examine the performance prediction models of SMEs, which include Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks (NN) and the SIV® models, among others. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these models are exposed and discussed.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    SpringerLink, 2004
    Emneord
    small and medium-size enterprises - survival index value - SIV® model - Z-scores - neural networks
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71336 (URN)10.1023/B:JIEN.0000026911.03396.2d (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization
    2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying and measuring small firm performance is vital in our understanding of how internationalization influences firm performance. That is also important when attempting to grasp the mechanisms of the internationalization processes. There are few methods used for the evaluation of performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs). These methods can be either macro or micro economic in nature. Hazard Modeling, Stochastic Models, and Learning Models are examples of macro economic models while Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks, and the SIV® model are examples of micro models. Choosing the most suitable performance model is an essential step in order to maximize our knowledge in relation to firm performance. Utilizing SMEs performance measures without thinking about the category of model, will bias the outcome of the majority of SMEs studies. However, using firm performance diverse models in an efficient manner requires strategic thinking. In this paper, we are re-introducing a tool that can accommodate that aspect. Abouzeedan (2002) designated the new tool: the Arena of SMEs Performance Models or an ASPEM diagram. The horizontal axis in the diagram indicates the Information Intensity Requirements of the model. The vertical axis indicates the Coverage Intensity of the model varying from an individual firm up to a whole group of firms. By allocating each of the SMEs performance models, at the suitable region of the ASPEM Diagram, researchers can better build a sound strategy for the application of these methods.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    SpringerLink, 2005
    Emneord
    Arena of SMEs performance models, ASPEM - SIV® model, Zeta-scores, ZETA-scores, neural networks, stochastic theories, hazard modeling
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71337 (URN)10.1007/s10843-005-0305-4 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study
    2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 277-301Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In his original work of the Survival Index Value (SIV®) model, Dr. Adli Abouzeedan proposed a new parameter, which he named as the Survival Index (SI) (see Abouzeedan, 2001; Abouzeedan and Busler, 2002a). The new parameter is used to evaluate the performance of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) utilizing firm survivability as an indicator. The SI is calculated using an equation known as Survival Index (SI) Value Equation or SIE. In this paper, we applied the SIV® model to run an analysis on a very young Swedish firm and up to our knowledge, for the first time. The firm is a small one, working within a business sector defined as "fish preparation industry". This particular enterprise had a bad performance through its short life. The purpose of this study is to truly determine if the SIV® model has the capacity to indicate the performance of the firm. The case study presented in this work showed the valuable analytical power of the new model since it succeeded in giving a clear indication of the worsening situation of the enterprise. During the SIV® analysis of this Swedish firm new concepts have been introduced which do increase the practicality and analytical capacity of the model.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    World Scientific Publishing Co., 2004
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71340 (URN)10.1142/S0218495804000154 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries
    2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Economies have different levels of entrepreneurial activities depending on the availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In their working paper, Abouzeedan and Busler (2004) established a new type of capital, adding up the components of the most important types of capital. These are the human capital, financial capital and the system capital. In that paper, the two researchers defined each of the components and explained what they meant with those terminologies. They called this new type of capital, innovation capital. The two researchers have argued that innovation capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in a region and thus the general character of the economy. They also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix or IBAM as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions. In this extended work, they have used this analysis and tried to apply it to Arab countries using a general knowledge and deductive approach to the issue. They conclude the paper with some recommendations as how to enrich the innovation capital in that region.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2006
    Emneord
    Human capital; financial capital; system capital; innovation capital; innovation balance matrix; IBAM; Arab countries; Middle East; entrepreneurship.
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71341 (URN)10.1504/WREMSD.2006.009893 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries
    2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Inderscience Enterprises Limited, 2007
    Serie
    Globalisation, Technology and Sustainable Development Book Series
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71342 (URN)0-907776-30-2 (ISBN)0-907776-32-9 (ISBN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2011-11-21bibliografisk kontrollert
    6. Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital
    2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook 2009. The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development / [ed] Allam Ahmed, World Association for Sustainable Development , 2009, s. 287-294Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies develop different levels of entrepreneurial capacity depending on the degree of availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In an earlier work by Abouzeedan and Busler (2006), a new type of capital, that is, innovation capital, has been suggested to serve as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in an economy. Innovation capital incorporates the concepts of human capital, financial capital and system capital. However, the issue of accessibility and openness in the innovation process also need to be reflected in the innovation capital concept. Innovation activities in the modern economies are growing to become more interconnected and open in their nature. In this paper, we defined and incorporated a new component within the innovation capital, namely open capital. We also reflected on how the four components of the innovation capital concept, including the open capital, are interconnected.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    World Association for Sustainable Development, 2009
    Emneord
    Open Capital, Human Capital, Financial Capital, System Capital, Innovation Capital, Open Innovation, Open Innovation Management
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71344 (URN)978-1-907106-05-7 (ISBN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2011-11-21bibliografisk kontrollert
    7. Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    ICSB, 2011
    Emneord
    small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, performance evaluation models, SIV model
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71345 (URN)978-0-9819028-3-8 (ISBN)0-9819028-3-9 (ISBN)
    Konferanse
    ICSB 2011 World Conference Date: June 15-18, 2011, Stockholm Waterfront Congress Center, Stockholm, Sweden
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-12 Laget: 2011-10-12 Sist oppdatert: 2016-05-04bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 7.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University USA.
    Analysis of Swedish Fishery Company Using SIV® Model: A Case Study2004Inngår i: Journal of Enterprising Culture, ISSN 0218-4958, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 277-301Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In his original work of the Survival Index Value (SIV®) model, Dr. Adli Abouzeedan proposed a new parameter, which he named as the Survival Index (SI) (see Abouzeedan, 2001; Abouzeedan and Busler, 2002a). The new parameter is used to evaluate the performance of Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs) utilizing firm survivability as an indicator. The SI is calculated using an equation known as Survival Index (SI) Value Equation or SIE. In this paper, we applied the SIV® model to run an analysis on a very young Swedish firm and up to our knowledge, for the first time. The firm is a small one, working within a business sector defined as "fish preparation industry". This particular enterprise had a bad performance through its short life. The purpose of this study is to truly determine if the SIV® model has the capacity to indicate the performance of the firm. The case study presented in this work showed the valuable analytical power of the new model since it succeeded in giving a clear indication of the worsening situation of the enterprise. During the SIV® analysis of this Swedish firm new concepts have been introduced which do increase the practicality and analytical capacity of the model.

  • 8.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University, Great Valley Graduate Center, Malvern, PA 19355.
    ASPEM as the New Topographic Analysis Tool for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Performance Models Utilization2005Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 53-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Quantifying and measuring small firm performance is vital in our understanding of how internationalization influences firm performance. That is also important when attempting to grasp the mechanisms of the internationalization processes. There are few methods used for the evaluation of performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise (SMEs). These methods can be either macro or micro economic in nature. Hazard Modeling, Stochastic Models, and Learning Models are examples of macro economic models while Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks, and the SIV® model are examples of micro models. Choosing the most suitable performance model is an essential step in order to maximize our knowledge in relation to firm performance. Utilizing SMEs performance measures without thinking about the category of model, will bias the outcome of the majority of SMEs studies. However, using firm performance diverse models in an efficient manner requires strategic thinking. In this paper, we are re-introducing a tool that can accommodate that aspect. Abouzeedan (2002) designated the new tool: the Arena of SMEs Performance Models or an ASPEM diagram. The horizontal axis in the diagram indicates the Information Intensity Requirements of the model. The vertical axis indicates the Coverage Intensity of the model varying from an individual firm up to a whole group of firms. By allocating each of the SMEs performance models, at the suitable region of the ASPEM Diagram, researchers can better build a sound strategy for the application of these methods.

  • 9.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ 08028, USA.
    Entrepreneurial policies and the innovation balance matrix: the case of the Arab countries2007Inngår i: Science,Technology and Sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa: Section III: Science Technology and Innovation / [ed] Allam Ahmed, Inderscience Enterprises Limited , 2007, s. 158-175Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of the connection between economic progress and the entrepreneurial environment has been investigated by researchers using diverse approaches. One way to investigate the question is to use deductive analysis regarding the forms of capital contributing to the entrepreneurial environment of society. Adli Abouzeedan and Michael Busler were the first to introduce the concept of 'Innovation Capital'. The two researchers argued that Innovation Capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment. In the same paper, the researchers also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix (IBAM) as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions, applying it across the globe. In a later work, the two researchers tried to run a similar IBAM analysis focusing on the Arab world. The two writers found that the best solution to the lack of individual entrepreneurial economies in that region is through what they called the 'additive solution'. In this work, we take their argument deeper and look at the kind of policies that would achieve that solution.

  • 10.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ 08028, USA.
    Innovation Balance Matrix: an application in the Arab countries2006Inngår i: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 270-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies have different levels of entrepreneurial activities depending on the availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In their working paper, Abouzeedan and Busler (2004) established a new type of capital, adding up the components of the most important types of capital. These are the human capital, financial capital and the system capital. In that paper, the two researchers defined each of the components and explained what they meant with those terminologies. They called this new type of capital, innovation capital. The two researchers have argued that innovation capital can be used as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in a region and thus the general character of the economy. They also introduced the Innovation Balance Matrix or IBAM as an analytical tool to classify economies based on their entrepreneurial conditions. In this extended work, they have used this analysis and tried to apply it to Arab countries using a general knowledge and deductive approach to the issue. They conclude the paper with some recommendations as how to enrich the innovation capital in that region.

  • 11.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Amana Commercial Consultants, Partille, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    Pennsylvania State University, Great Valley Graduate Center, Malvern, PA 19355, USA.
    Typology Analysis of Performance Models of Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (SMEs)2004Inngår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1099-9264, E-ISSN 1939-4675, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 155-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of firm performance models are available. Reviewing these models and pointing out their individual strengths and weaknesses, would help both academic researchers and professional users to understand and appreciate how and when to use these various models. The theoretical models for Small and Medium-size Enterprise (SME) performance can be divided into two categories: firm dynamics theories and performance prediction models. In the first part of this paper we review, in a condensed manner, the most relevant firm dynamic theories, i.e. SME's performance models. These include: Stochastic Theories, Learning Model Theories and Hazard Modeling Theories. In the second part of this paper, we examine the performance prediction models of SMEs, which include Z-Scores, ZETA-Scores, Neural Networks (NN) and the SIV® models, among others. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these models are exposed and discussed.

  • 12.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Busler, Michael
    The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, USA.
    Hedner, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Managing Innovation in a Globalised Economy: Defining the Open Capital2009Inngår i: World Sustainable Development Outlook 2009. The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development / [ed] Allam Ahmed, World Association for Sustainable Development , 2009, s. 287-294Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Economies develop different levels of entrepreneurial capacity depending on the degree of availability of tangible as well as intangible resources. In an earlier work by Abouzeedan and Busler (2006), a new type of capital, that is, innovation capital, has been suggested to serve as an indicator for the degree of richness of the entrepreneurial environment in an economy. Innovation capital incorporates the concepts of human capital, financial capital and system capital. However, the issue of accessibility and openness in the innovation process also need to be reflected in the innovation capital concept. Innovation activities in the modern economies are growing to become more interconnected and open in their nature. In this paper, we defined and incorporated a new component within the innovation capital, namely open capital. We also reflected on how the four components of the innovation capital concept, including the open capital, are interconnected.

  • 13.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Medicine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Innovation and entrepreneurship – new themes for new times2010Inngår i: Annals of Innovation & Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2000-7396, E-ISSN 2000-7396, ISSN ISSN 2000-7396, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 1-3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history, innovators and entrepreneurs have had a tremendous impact on development, exploration, trade, education, science, and integration. During the 20th century, innovation and entrepre-neurship have been regarded as key drivers in technological progress and productivity development worldwide. New radical innovations from new fields of knowledge such as information and communication technologies and biotechnology have emerged to influence everyday life for most people. Realizing this, policy makers as well as individuals argue that innovative and entrepreneurial change processes need to be further implemented on the micro as well as macro levels in society (Abouzeedan, Busler, & Hedner, 2009; Busenitz, Gomez, & Spencer, 2000). The study of innovation is therefore likely to be an increasingly important topic in, for example, economics, business, entrepreneurship, tech-nology, engineering, medicine, environmental biology, sociology, design, and reregional development (cf. Etzkowitz & Klofsten, 2005).

  • 14.
    Abouzeedan, Adli
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hedner, Thomas
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Analysis of a Swedish High Technology SME Using the Survival Index Value (SIV) Model2011Inngår i: Paper Sessions, Workshops and Special Meetings: The 56th ICSB World Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, 15th and 18th of June, ICSB , 2011, s. 170-179Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major deficiencies in the existing Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs) performance evaluation models is the fact that they lack a clear coupling to the issue of innovation and its impact on performance. A possible candidate model which could achieve this is the Survival Index Value (SIV) model. The model has a parameter incorporated in its structure, the technology-intake. This parameter can be used as an indicator of the degree of innovativeness of the firm. Previous works using the model looked at general performance without specific focus on innovation activities of the firm and without relating that to aspects of survival and growth. In this paper the aim was to demonstrate the ability of the SIV model to indicate a positive overall performance due to the intensive investment of a selected firm in innovation activities.

    The enterprise analyzed, Autoadapt AB, is a Swedish high technology firm working in adapting cars and automobiles to handicapped people. Due to the nature of their activities the firm has a high level of innovation input to be able to solve the complex problems related to usage of cars by disabled people. Both the product development process and managing the activities around it requires a high level of innovativeness and ingenuity. As thus the firm presented a very interesting object to study. The study has a clear significance as there is a need to differentiate the performance of innovation-intensive enterprises from firms who are using less investment in innovation in their activities. This can be done by considering the investment in new technologies both as product development and/or as investing in absorption of external management, product or process innovation. Applying the SIV model to run this analysis can help to demonstrate the need to incorporate the technology intake as an essential component of SME’s performance model.

    The results indicated that the SIVmodel is able to predict correctly the performance of the object firm. By having mostly positive survival factor values, which are single data-points, during years of operation, and also having mostly positive survivability coefficient values, which are agglomerate data-points, the SIVmodel proved its abilities. Clearly, the model has a good potential to be developed and fine-tuned even more. The SIV model can be tested further to look at deviations in performance of firms among different sectors and relates that to the innovativeness of whole sectors.

  • 15.
    Abrahamsson, Bertil
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Ljungberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Vad är en bantad balansräkning?2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Under senare år har det blivit vanligare att företagen i tidningsartiklar och årsredovisningar talar om att de har ”bantat” sin balansräkning. Företag använder begreppet i flera olika sammanhang och för att signalera att åtgärder som är positiva för företagen genomförts. Innebörden och konsekvensen av de åtgärder som vidtagits i företagen varierar dock kraftigt.

    Syfte: Syftet med vår magisteruppsats är att utreda vilken innebörd begreppet ”bantade” balansräkningar har för ett antal företag inom olika branscher.

    Genomförande: I undersökningen valde vi ut företag noterade på Stockholmsbörsen som offentliggjort att de genomfört bantningar av sina balansräkningar. Genom att studera tidningsartiklar och årsredovisningar har vi utrönt vilka åtgärder som vidtagits av företagen samt effekterna av de genomförda åtgärderna.

    Resultat: En bantning av en balansräkning innebär att åtgärder för att minska tillgångsmassan skett. Vilka dessa åtgärder är och vilket syftet med dem är varierar dock kraftigt. Några exempel på åtgärder som företagen utfört är extra aktieutdelningar, sale and lease back, outsourcing, försäljning av dotterbolag och återköp av egna aktier. Användningen av begreppet sker mycket godtyckligt. Effekterna av åtgärderna varierar, några vi funnit är minskad skuldsättning, ökad skuldsättning, minskade tillgångar och ökad lönsamhet.

  • 16.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Larsson, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Media - makt att sätta företags agenda?: En kvantitativ studie om medias makt att påverka företags hållbarhetsredovisningar2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Den senaste tiden har en signifikant ökning av hållbarhetsrelaterade frågor skett i media samtidigt som företag nu i allt större utsträckning redovisar om hållbarhet. Media har en central roll i dagens samhälle och hållbarhet har vuxit fram som en av näringslivets viktigaste samtidsfrågor. Studier med en kombination av media och hållbarhet är ett givande fält för forskning.

    Syfte Syftet med denna studie är att förklara sambandet mellan medias hållbarhetsexponering av företag och företagens upprättande och omfattning av en hållbarhetsredovisning.

    Metod Denna kvantitativa studie formas utifrån en deduktiv ansats där hypoteser formuleras med bakgrund i befintliga teorier. En tvärsnittsdesign tillämpas för att mäta förekomsten och variationen av ett visst fenomen vid en viss tidpunkt. Sekundärdata används som empiriskt underlag. Studien fokuserar på företag noterade på Nasdaq Stockholm.

    Slutsats Studiens resultat visar att företags exponering i media påverkar företags upprättande och omfattning av en hållbarhetsredovisning positivt. Storlek, bransch, lönsamhet och antal dotterbolag är faktorer som också signifikant påverkar. Det går således att konstatera att media är en primär faktor till varför företag väljer att hållbarhetsredovisa. För varje nyhetsartikel media publicerar om ett företag i en hållbarhetskontext, är det företaget 2,491 gånger mer benäget att upprätta en hållbarhetsredovisning. Studien visar även att en ökad exponering i media leder till en mer omfattande hållbarhetsredovisning.

  • 17.
    Abrahamsson, Ida
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tornberg, Markus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Styrning i skolvärlden: En komparativ studie med fokus på rektorns förutsättnngar i kommunal skola respektive friskola2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie är avsedd att utreda vilka förutsättningar rektorer har att utföra sitt arbete samt om det skiljer sig åt mellan kommunala skolor och friskolor. Detta har undersökts genom att studera den bakomliggande ledningsstrukturen samt styrverktygen och hur de har format förutsättningarna för rektorer. Studien baseras på intervjuer med huvudmän, rektorer och en kvalitetschef från den kommunala skolan respektive friskola. Studien visar att styrverktygen; mål, kommunikation, mandat och beslut samt stödfunktioner och till viss del ledningsstruktur formar förutsättningen för rektorn. Dessa styrverktyg har också undersökts för att se hur väl de fungerar för att skapa rätt förutsättningar för rektorns arbete i den kommunala respektive friskoleverksamheten. Från resultaten som erhållits i denna studie anser vi att styrverktygen inte fungerar optimalt för att skapa bra förutsättningar till rektorerna, för att utföra sitt arbete. Framförallt har resultaten visat på att rektorer i friskolan har bättre förutsättningar än rektorer i den kommunala skolan.

  • 18. Abrahamsson, Lena
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Gremyr, Ida
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Nilsson, Anders
    Rehn, Alf
    Segerstedt, Anders
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Öhman, Peter
    Industriell ekonomi och organisering2016Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Affärsmodeller för citylogistik & samordnad varudistribution: Handbok för kommuner och privata aktörer2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här handboken är resultatet av forskningsprojektet ”Affärsmodeller för citylogistik” som har finansierats av Vinnova och genomförts av forskare på Linköpings Universitet vid avdelningen Logistik- & Kvalitetsutveckling under perioden 2015 – 2017. Projektet är en direkt uppföljning av Färdplan Citylogistik – Godstransporter i urbana miljöer som visade att citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution behövs för att kunna driva utvecklingen mot mer hållbara och attraktiva städer med emissionsfria godstransporter. Den här boken presenterar en modell som syftar till att hjälpa kommuner och företag att komma igång med citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution – En affärsmodell som också fungerar som ett beslutsunderlag. Projektet grundar sig också i Forsknings- och innovationsagenda för framtidens logistik, där citylogistik lyfts fram som ett av de viktigaste utvecklingsområdena inom logistikområdet i framtiden.

  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2010Inngår i: Dimensionen der Logistik / [ed] in Schönberger, R., & Elbert, R., Heidelberg: Gabler Research , 2010, s. 533-552Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [de]

    Funktionen, Institutionen und Handlungsebenen beschreiben die drei Dimensionen des von Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Hans-Christian Pfohl geschaffenen Logistikwürfels. Anlässlich seiner Emeritierung beleuchten Wissenschaftler und Praktiker in 75 Fachbeiträgen die Logistik mit all ihren Facetten und aktuellen Entwicklungen und geben Anregungen für die zukünftige Forschung und Praxis.

  • 21.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2008Inngår i: Northern lights in logistics & supply chain management / [ed] Stentoft, Halldorsson, Jahre, Spens, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2008, 1, s. 49-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    "Northern Lights in Logistics & Supply Chain Management" portrays the past, present and future research of the subject in the Nordic countries. The NOFOMA conference - a network of Nordic researchers within the field of Logistics and Supply Chain Management - has been a focal point in the contribution to the continuous improvement and further development of Nordic research. The network has also opened up for interaction with fellow researchers from other countries. There are sixteen chapters in the book that in its own way colours the Nordic rainbow of research within Logistics and Supply Chain Management. The chapters are structured in four themes: 1) Origins and strategic aspects; 2) Research approaches in the Nordic countries; 3) Advancement of distribution strategies and; 4) Emerging application areas of logistics and SCM. The chapters provide an understanding and, perhaps more importantly, consciousness for scholars that are part of this research environment: Where are we now, what have we been influenced by, and in what area are we able to provide positive impact? The aim of the book is also to contribute to increased visibility to fellow international scholars within Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

  • 22.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Christopher, Martin
    Cranfield School of Management, Cranfield, Bedford, UK.
    Stensson, Bo-Inge
    SKF, Sverige.
    Mastering Supply Chain Management in an era of uncertainty at SKF2015Inngår i: Global Business and Organizational Excellence: a review of research & best practices, ISSN 1932-2054, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 6-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To stay ahead in an increasingly competitive business environment, organizations need agile supply chain systems that are holistically designed and managed. The experiences of SKF, a Swedish multinational firm, point to the benefits of reengineering upstream capabilities to create value downstream. To foster the flexibility, responsiveness, and other dynamic capabilities needed to manage increased supply chain complexity, the company established programs to involve its suppliers in the value creation process, making them an extension of the organization’s resource base. The overall objective has been to migrate from a business model based on economies of scale in operations to one that exploits both economies of scope and economies of integration. As a result of its efforts to create a more agile and cost-efficient supply chain, the company has been able to decrease supply risks while improving its value creation process and responsiveness to new customer demands and advancing its sustainability and social responsibility initiatives. 

  • 23.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlöf, Stefan
    Sonat, Sverige.
    Det dynamiska företaget: om följsamhet och flödesorienterade affärsmodeller2011 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens osäkra affärsklimat betraktas av många som ett problem och en risk som måste hanteras. I den här boken vänder författarna på perspektivet och betraktar osäkerheten som en möjlighet till framgång - om företaget har tillräcklig dynamisk förmåga. Den dynamiska förmågan innebär att företaget snabbt kan förändra sin marknadsstrategi och sin dagliga verksamhet. Det kräver en tydlig och flödesorienterad affärsmodell med en effektiv och följsam kedja från leverantör till slutkund. Denna bok presenterar en modell för hur företaget kan uppnå en sådan dynamisk effektivitet och diskuterar hur man kan omsätta den i praktisk handling. Boken vänder sig till chefer och ledningsgrupper i företag som vill utvecklas i takt med omvärldens krav och därmed få bäst förutsättningar att överleva och växa i det krävande affärsklimatet - survival of the fittest!

  • 24.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Inside the Core: Managing risks in Business Critical Outsourcing2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th Annual IPSERA Conference, Vision 20/20 – Preparing Today for Tomorrow’s Challenges / [ed] F. Rozemeijer, M. Wetzels, L. Quintens, 2011, s. 1092-1101Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations are increasingly outsourcing business critical activities, which increases the risk of substantial negative impact on the financial and strategic business performance. The aim of this paper is to show how outsourcer and supplier seek to mitigate the risks during the negotiations and the ongoing operations of the outsourced activities. The conclusion is that risk mitigating dimensions are directional and operates at different organizational levels, and secondly, that the dimension operates sequentially as a means to mitigate performance and relational risks. It is also concluded that goodwill trust and a cooperative stance have substantial impact on the success of the outsourcing.

  • 25.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Managing risk in complex and business critical outsourcing of services2011Inngår i: Proceedings of 18th International Annual Conference of the European Operations Management Association. EurOMA, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades the phenomenon of outsourcing of resources and activities has emerged as an important trend in a wide range of organizations and many companies are today outsourcing complex and business critical resources and activities. This increase in business criticality also increases the risk of substantial and negative impact on the financial and strategic performance. The proposition is that business critical outsourcing is approached with a joint risk perspective and that an understanding of the decision process is essential for success. Further, it is important to view outsourcing as an ongoing process with a number of key stages.

  • 26.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Olsson, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The role of purchasing groups in retail logistics2012Inngår i: Nordic Retail Research: Emerging Diversity / [ed] Johan Hagberg, Ulrika Holmberg, Malin Sundström, Lars Walter, Göteborg: Bokförlaget BAS , 2012, 1, s. 155-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book aims to provide an illustration of the diversity that characterises contemporary Nordic research in the field of retail. The book draws on a large variety of methods, describes a variety of retail sectors and covers a large number of retail phenomena. The book is suitable for researchers, graduate students and professionals who want to learn more about contemporary retailing research

  • 27.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Logistik i svensk handel: Ett projekt finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten sammanfattar ett forskningsprojekt, Logistik i svensk handel, som har pågått under perioden juli 2009 t.o.m. februari 2011 och som är finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd.

    En utgångspunkt och hypotes för projektet var att det finns avgörande branschmässiga skillnader i sättet att arbeta med logistikfrågor. En hypotes som har testats mot empirin, vilket har lett till slutsatsen att logistiken endast i begränsad omfattning är branschspecifik och att branschtillhörighet inte är den avgörande faktorn för hur logistiken utformas för handelsföretag. En viktigare faktor, är hur butikerna drivs visavi centrala enheter, hur integrationen ser ut mellan logistikstrategi och inköps- respektive marknadsstrategi, samt hur systemgränserna för logistiken definieras.

    Genom hela arbetet har vi jämfört den logistikbild vi har sett med en ”ideal bild”, i form av logistiken i internationell ”mega-retailing”, vilket idag representerar ”best practice” inom logistik och där logistiken är en integrerad del av företagens affärsmodell och ett direkt stöd för företagets lönsamhet och tillväxt. Den jämförelsen visar att det är mycket stora skillnader i logistikkompetens och mognad mellan olika företag och att logistik inom många handelsföretag fortfarande är ett område med stor förbättringspotential.

    Förutom den här rapporten har projektet genererat en lång rad akademiska artiklar som är publicerade i journaler och/eller har presenterats på konferenser och seminarier. Vi har varit i kontakt med ett stort antal, kollegor, företag och forskare i Sverige och andra länder för att samla material. Ett stort tack till alla de som har bidragit med material till projektet.

    Ett speciellt tack till Andreas Hedlund på Handelns Utvecklingsråd, som förutom finansiellt stöd har backat upp projektet med seminarier arrangerade av Handelns utvecklingsråd.

    Linköping i Maj 2011

    Mats Abrahamsson   Jakob Rehme   Erik Sandberg

  • 28.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Andersson, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Logistics Changes and Challenges in Swedish Food Supply Chains2008Inngår i: Nofoma 2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Abring, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Transaktionsexponerade kassaflöden: En kvalitativ studie om hur styrdokument reglerar den praktiska hanteringen av transaktionsexponerade kassaflöden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I och med en ökad internationell handel har det blivit allt viktigare med en adekvat hantering av transaktionsexponering. Valutor är förknippade med olika risker och ger således upphov till skild transaktionsexponering, vid handel med utlandet. Tidigare forskning förordar att hantering av trasaktionsexponering regleras via styrdokument, och vi har identifierat en avsaknad av forskning kring hur svenska företags styrdokument är utformade.

    Problemformulering: I vilken utsträckning kongruerar tidigare forskning med hur svenska företag har utformat styrdokument för hantering av transaktionsexponering i olika valutor?

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att, i relation till vad tidigare forskning förespråkar, undersöka och analysera hur styrdokument för hantering av transaktionsexponering är utformat i företag. Studien syftar även till att analysera skiljaktigheter i styrdokumentet för transaktionsexponering i olika valutor, samt vilka faktorer som ger upphov till eventuella avvikelser.

    Slutsatser: Studiens resultat tyder på en tydlig kongruens mellan tidigare forskning och etablerade tillvägagångssätt för hur styrdokument för hantering av transaktions-exponering är utformat i svenska företag. Styrdokumentet är övergripande i sin utformning; reglerar strategin för riskhantering men inte tillvägagångssättet för hanteringen. Styrdokumentet reglerar inga skillnader för hur transaktionsexponering i olika valutor ska hanteras, trots att den faktiska hanteringen uppvisar markanta skillnader. Upphov till olik hantering ger: faktorer relaterade till valutamarknadens egenskaper, företagsspecifika faktorer och andra påverkande omvärldsfaktorer.

    Kunskapsbidrag: Studien bidrar till en ökad förståelse och tydligare nyansering av hur svenska företag styr hantering av transaktionsexponering, utifrån ett företagsperspektiv. Vidare ämnar studien föranleda intresse för hur företag reglerar hantering av transaktions-exponering i olika valutor, och av vilken bevekelsegrund.

  • 30.
    Ackerholt, Per
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Hartford, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Identifiering av det logistiska förpackningssystemet En studie av teleutrustningsindustrin2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to outsourcing, the material flows in the telecom equipment industry have undergone major changes, which in turn has imposed new challenges for packaging supplier Nefab who delivers to the industry. In order to achieve market intelligence, Nefab wants to map the material flows, and investigate possibilities of further reusable logistical packaging systems.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to describe the typical features of the logistical material flows in a technically based, rapidly growing industry, and analyze the driving forces and obstacles, which influence the selection of logistical packaging system.

    Procedure: After developing a theoretical framework consisting of general logistical theories and theories related to logistical packaging, we have interviewed companies in the logistics channel of Ericsson Radio Systems.

    Results: We have found the main characteristics of material flows in our investigated industry to be Variations in Demand, Focus on Time-to-Customer, and Globalization of Logistics Channels. Regarding driving forces and obstacles in the selection of logistical packaging systems, we have identified Transportation Characteristics, Customer Demands, Quality, Handling & Administration, and Current Packaging System as important factors.

  • 31.
    Ackerstierna, Joel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Gullbrandsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Framtidens fastighetsbransch: PropTech och co-workings påverkan på kundvärdet i kontorslokaler: Identifikationen av de faktorer som möjliggör kundvärde och dess påverkan på tjänsteerbjudandet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Problem definition: Digital innovation affects the world's economies and markets, where business-independent industry changes its way of working. The commercial real estate industry faces a change, where the two concepts of smart home and mobility change the appearance of the future market. On the market, there is an exponential increase in the number of companies utilizing the two concepts, companies collectively called PropTech companies, which act as catalysts for the transformation. Another trend is co-working, a new flexible office solution that utilizes the mobility change and disrupts the current value chain. These trends affect existing property managers, who should review their business model in view of the new technology to remain competitive. A major challenge with PropTech is the lack of understanding of the benefits it brings and what customer value it actually creates, making it difficult to create value offers that actually meet customer needs. The different types of PropTech and co-working provide a potential for new types of services that benefit the tenants in their business and can provide an easier work life balance.

    Purpose of the study: The purpose of this master thesis is to identify the impact PropTech and co-working has on commercial real estate tenants in Stockholm.

    Methodology: The study is of an exploratory character and aimed to explore what contributes to customer value for commercial tenants in Stockholm today and the impact PropTech and co-working has on it. The performance of the study was a combination of a cross-sectional approach, a qualitative, deductive and partly an inductive approach. A total of 16 semi-structured interviews were conducted, consisting of 11 property managers with internal management and five tenants working in the consulting industry. By interviewing tenants simultaneously with the property manager, it was established that the property managers' insight into the tenants' needs were in line with reality. The collected empirical data was analyzed on the basis of the applied reference framework and its factors that drive the customer value of tenants in office premises in Stockholm.

    Conclusions: The impact of digitization is of a complex nature and ranges from negative to positive aspects and everything in-between. The study identified four PropTech-services that can benefit company tenants in various ways and their impacts on customer value: property management, quantification & efficiency, office services and search platforms for working places. Co-working was also included as a service that affects customer value in office spaces.Identified factors creating customer value for company tenants were quality, adaptability, cost reduction and price. Each factor was further dissected to describe more accurately how it impacts tenants, these under factors consisted of tangibles, reliability, assurance, customer focus, co-creation, mass customization, flexibility, monetary costs, non-monetary costs, low cost and premium price.The study found that the most important aspect of property management, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, is assurance. There also exists a potential positive impact for the service via non-monetary cost reductions. Furthermore, property management has a negative impact on customer focus and assurance. 

    The most important aspects of quantification & efficiency, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are tangibles, non-monetary cost reductions and flexibility. There also exists both a potential positive impact as well as a negligible impact for the service via monetary cost reductions.The most important aspect of office services, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, is low price. There also exists a negligible impact for the service via non-monetary cost reductions.The most important aspects of search platforms for working places, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are flexibility and monetary cost reductions.The most important aspects of co-working, in order to have a positive impact on the tenants, are mass customization, flexibility and monetary cost reductions. There also exists a negative impact for the service via tangibles.The authors of this study encourage for further quantitative research regarding the subject.

  • 32.
    Adero, Gloria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Liu, Jun
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Maintaining Competitiveness Through Strategic Alliances: Case Study of Equity Bank Kenya2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Kenyan financial sector has recently been growing at high rate due to the inclusion of individuals who previously were unable access banking services. This has led to a competitive situation where banks and micro finance institutions are searching for ways to manage in this competitive sector. In addition, mobile phone companies are now considered as a competitive threat.

    Aim:

    This study will look into how strategic alliances between banks and mobile phone companies can be used to overcome these challenges with a specific focus on the recent alliance between Equity Bank (Kenya), and Safaricom Ltd. The study will also focus on the management of strategic alliances within different industries.

    Method:

    The analysis of this study is based on qualitative research including the use of interviews with members of both organizations and secondary data which includes written documentation and analysis of previously recorded discussions about the alliance with different members of both organizations.

    Results:

    The authors found strategic alliances can be used as a tool which enables firms to overcome threats from their competitors while gaining additional benefits. In terms of alliance management, the use of separate teams was found to be an effective management tool in cross industry alliances.

  • 33.
    Adlersson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för produktionsekonomi.
    Blomdahl, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för produktionsekonomi.
    Hedge Fund Style Allocation: A Risk Adjusted Fund of Hedge Fund Perspective2005Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis has been to explore the use of hedge fund styles when constructing portfolios of hedge funds (i.e. funds of hedge funds). The central question is if the use of hedge fund styles can significantly explain and improve risk adjusted returns (characterized by Sharpe ratios). The study has been done in collaboration with Optimized Portfolio Management AB who desire further knowledge and evaluation of hedge fund styles for their fund of hedge funds.

    To be able to create successful ex ante portfolios we have explored various prediction models for both risk and return. Our findings indicate that return prediction is problematic using simple models such as regression since the risk exposure of the indices appear to change significantly over time. One can however using exponentially weighted moving averages (EWMA) achieve relatively promising estimations of future returns.

    Covariance matrix estimation seems to be more straightforward. We have achieved promising results using both traditional EWMA models as well as improved estimators using principal component analysis.Covariance prediction models were evaluated separately using a minimum-variance portfolio optimization technique and provided a significant risk reduction compared to the aggregated hedge fund universe (represented by a naively diversified portfolio). Combinations of risk and return prediction models were evaluated using traditional mean-variance portfolio construction methods, which were optimized for Sharpe ratios. These provided a significant increase in risk adjusted returns relative to the aggregated hedge fund universe. The allocation is however discouraging due to serious instability over time.

    Our findings indicate that there indeed is an advantage of taking hedge fund styles into consideration when constructing funds of hedge funds in a risk adjusted perspective. However, further research into return prediction needs to be done in order to stabilize portfolio allocation. An alternative seems to be tactical style allocation on a more fundamental analysis basis.

  • 34.
    Adolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Kullman, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Processförbättring&Organisationsförändring: en fallstudie av Vildmarkshotellet2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Många organisationer står idag inför en allt hårdare konkurrens, vilket ställer ökade krav på ständig utveckling och förnyelse. För att uppnå detta krävs en ökad kundorientering samt att bättre kunna ta tillvara på medarbetarnas potential. Ett sätt att möta dessa ökade krav har varit att börja fundera på att förändra arbetsorganisationen.

    Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att kartlägga och analysera Vildmarkshotellets konferensprocess samt ge förslag på hur denna kan förbättras.

    Genomförande: Studien började med en diskussion kring uppdraget. Därefter påbörjade vi en litteraturstudie som låg till grund för det empiriska material som samlats in via intervjuer med hotellets ledningsgrupp, avdelningschefer samt vissa medarbetare.

    Rekommendationer: De brister som i dagsläget finns inom Vildmarkshotellets konferensprocess kan främst härledas från dagens funktionella organisationsstruktur och det är tre övergripande aspekter som Vildmarkshotellet skall fokusera på. Dessa är att de skall förändra driftorganisationens struktur och personalens tankestrukturer samt stärka ansvarskänslan inom organisationen.

    Teoretiska slutsatser: Vi anser att organisationsstrukturen avgör vilket arbets- och tankesätt som kommer prägla organisationen samt även vilket perspektiv de anställda kommer ha på sin relation till de externa och interna kunderna. För att en organisations arbetssätt skall präglas av att sätta kunden i centrum är det viktigt att de anställdas attityder genomsyras av en stark ansvarskänsla och en känsla av delaktighet samtidigt som organisationen arbetar med ständiga processförbättringar och baserar beslut på fakta. Det är även av stor vikt att företagsledningen fokuserar på att skapa engagemang och en helhetsbild över organisationen för att denna skall genomsyras av ovanstående aspekter.

  • 35.
    Adolfsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Venture Capitalists on the Seed Stage Arena: A Fit or Misfit2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Growth oriented entrepreneurial businesses need funding for the development of their idea, technology, product etc. However, for the businesses in the very earliest stages of development, access to funding is very limited. Growing young ventures are important job creators and positively affect growth in an economy. Bridging the gap of funding to these companies is therefore on the agenda of governments around the world.

    Purpose: To describe the situation facing seed stage investing venture capitalists. I will emphasize difficulties and evaluate venture capitalists ability in addressing them. Effects of the difficulties in form of access to financing for entrepreneurs and a possible need for government intervention will be examined.

    Method: Empirical information from seed stage investing venture capital organizations have been collected in the form of face-to-face interviews, email- questionnaires and a telephone interview. Organizations from Sweden, Denmark and Germany are included in the study.

    Result: Several factors make seed stage investing unattractive compared to later stages. Important difficulties are higher risks, high costs for fund management, goal incongruence in the investor – venture capitalist relation and lack of bargaining power for seed venture capitalists. Environmental factorsthat have an impact on seed investing are the deal flow, the investment climate and access to soft funding. Seed stage investing is a very challenging business and the difficulties are to a large extent hard to overcome. The investors more likely have to accept them and I conclude that long term profitability of seed funds is unlikely, at least in absence of government support in form of soft funding towards the entrepreneurial businesses.

  • 36.
    Adolfsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Solarz, Diana
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Power Shift and Retailer Value in the Swedish FMCG Industry2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The recent years in the Swedish Fast Moving Consumer Goods industry have been characterized by a palpable shift in power balance, favouring the retailers. Since the shift in power balance has strengthened the negotiation position of the retailers, the suppliers now have to, to a greater extent than before, accommodate to the retailers’ goals, whether they be financial or strategic.

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate how this recent power shift has affected the relationships of suppliers and retailers. This development has resulted in the rather new and unexplored area of retailer value, which this study further aimed to explore.

    Research method: Interviews were conducted with representatives fromthe leading retailer chains and market leading suppliers.

    Results: The increased use of information and control on behalf of the retailers has led to the suppliers, to a greater extent than before, having to adjust to the retailers'different store concepts. However, in order to create retailer value, the suppliers also need to focus on the consumers’ needs and preferences, since the way to the retailer’s shelves is through creating consumer demand. They also have to stay innovative and make use of the experience and in-depth knowledge they possess within their product segments, as that is where they still have the upper hand.

  • 37.
    Adrian, Christoffer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Kinnunen, Sanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Aktieindexobligationer: För vem är aktieindexobligationer en passande investering?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sedan introduktionen i början av 1990-talet har utvecklingen av volymen nyemitterade aktieindexobligationerna totalt sett varit positiv vilket tyder på att produkten blivit en populär sparform hos svenskar. Detta tillsammans med det faktum att det finns få studier gjorda kring aktieindexobligationer som sparform där ett större perspektiv tas i beaktande gör ämnet intressant att studera.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte är att kartlägga och analysera för vilka privata investerare aktieindexobligationer passar som sparform ur ett livscykelperspektiv med utgångspunkt i (i) bransch- och rådgivningspraxis, (ii) finansiell riskhanteringsteori med fokus på portföljvalsteori och (iii) historisk data avseende risk och avkastning.

    Genomförande: Studien har genomförts med hjälp av att intervjua privatrådgivare, kapitalrådgivare och personer som arbetar med strukturerade produkter på storbanker och hos mindre finansiella aktörer. Fem stereotyper har använts som diskussionsunderlag vid intervjuerna. För att kunna föra en djupare analys kring produkten som sparform för privata investerare har en portföljoptimering genomförts för att ta historisk data gällande risk och avkastning i beaktande.

    Slutsats: Studien fastställer att produkten passar privata investerare som befinner sig i den senare delen av konsolideringsfasen och inte är de mest riskbenägna. Studien visar att det främst är kredit- och marknadsrisken som är kopplade till aktieindexobligationer samtidigt som risken i produkten bedöms som låg. Studien visar även på att egenskaper som tillförs investerares portföljer är låg risk samt en potentialaspekt.

  • 38.
    Afazeli, Siamak
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sattari Dabaghi, Alireza
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Dadfar, Hossein
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Dahlgaard, Jens Görn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Kvalitetsteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Assessment of   Enterprise Quality and Export Performance: An Empirical Study on the Pharmaceutical Industry in IRAN2011Inngår i: Proceedings QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Science 2011, 14th QMOD Conference 29st-31st August, 2011, San Sebastian, Spain: From LearnAbility & InnovaAbility to SustainAbility / [ed] Carmen Jaca, Ricardo Mateo and Elizabeth Viles Javier Santos, Pamplona, Spain: Servicios de Publicaciones Universidad de Navarra , 2011, s. 55-73Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between export involvement and domestic market performance with focus on pharmaceutical firms. The study covers three research questions including: 1: How to assess the export involvement/performance of the Iranian pharmaceutical companies? 2: How to assess the performance of Iranian pharmaceutical companies in domestic market? 3: How to examine the relationship between export involvement/performance and domestic market performance?

    An intensive literature review and integration of relevant views and models helped us to build our own framework as a conceptual and analytical model. The model consists of EXPERF model, EFQM model, Export performance evaluation, domestic performance evaluation and the relationship between domestic performance and export performance. EFQM model and respective ILL indices was used for measuring domestic performance of the organizations on nine components of leadership, policy and strategy, people, partnership and resources, processes, people results, customer results, society results and key performance results. In order to achieve true representative of Iranian pharmaceutical companies K-mean clustering algorithm has been used to cluster Iranian pharmaceutical companies. EXPERF scale was used to measure export performance of the pharmaceutical companies in Iran on three aspects of financial export performance, strategic export performance and satisfaction with the export venture. Six clusters emerged after running the clustering algorithm in MATLAB software. This software enables us to put the similar companies together. Then centroids of the clusters were chosen to verify the relationship. Then relationship between export involvement (export performance) of pharmaceutical companies and their domestic performance was determined by use of Pearson coefficient.

    Pearson correlation = 0.708 and Sig= 0.026which is less than 0.0 5 then with 95% confidence we can claim that there is a significant relation between export performance of the Centroids and Domestic performance of the centroids of Iranian pharmaceutical companies and considering that the correlation

    coefficient value is positive, it means better export performance will result in better domestic performance. In other words Export performance of the companies has positive direct effect on domestic performance of Iranian pharmaceutical companies. Further studies can be done on clustering of Iranian pharmaceutical companies; effects of export involvement on individual components of EFQM based performance of firms and also verification of effect of export involvement and domestic performance in other business contexts.

  • 39.
    Afrim, George
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ekdahl, Ludvig
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Riktkursers träffsäkerhet: En studie om kassaflödens och andra variablers samband med träffsäkerheten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies show that recommendations accuracy partly can be explained by numerous variables. Prior research leave out several variables, which based on theoretical support, may have a connection with accuracy, such as the cash flows’ volatility. Based on the DCF-model’s structure, accuracy of target prices is assumed to have a positive relationship with companies that have stable cash flows.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the accuracy of stock analysts' target prices and their connection with stable cash flows. The purpose of the study is also to analyze the role of less highlighted variables’ relationship with the accuracy of target prices, in combination with earlier investigated variables.

    Completion: Including less highlighted variables is supported by theory about corporate valuation, where cash flows’ volatility is the main focus of this study. The accuracy of the target prices is analyzed by regression analysis for three time horizons, where the dependent variable is the absolute margin of error and the dependent variables are represented by the explanatory factors that the study examines. The relationships are estimated by OLS, due to the fact that data are unbalanced.

    Conclusion:  Stock analysts’ target prices present relationships with numerous of the variables examined in the study. The strongest relationships with the accuracy of target prices are shown by cash flows’ variation, the number of stock analysts, goodwill in terms of total capital and companies’ size. The results show that companies with stable cash flow have a positive relationship with the accuracy of target prices, which supports the theories of the DCF-model for valuation of companies with stable cash flow. The estimations show that the accuracy of target prices also is explained by other factors than those this very study investigates. The results show that the accuracy is higher for shorter time horizons.

  • 40.
    Agerman, Stephan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Karlsson, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Wänström, Gustav
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Finansiella Illusioner: ett test av Stockholmsbörsens effektivitet2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Low Price-Earnings ratio, low Book-to market ratio and low stock prices can give the impression that a stock is “cheap”. Is it through systematic use of these portfolio strategies possible to beat the market index – in other words does financial illusions exist?

    Purpose: To examine if the Stockholm Stock Exchange is an efficient market. Limitations: The efficiency is tested solely through the chosen portfolio strategies: low Price-Earnings ratio, low Book-to-market ratio and low stock prices. The research only includes stocks listed on the A-, O-, OTC- and Attract40 lists during the period 1998-01-01 to 2001-12-31. Methodology: With CAPM as an equilibrium model we are examining if the P/e, Book-to-market or the stock price portfolios generate systematic overperformance in comparision to the market index SIXRX. Significance tests on the 5 % level have been performed to determine if the returns are significantly separated from zero.

    Results: We can establish that none of the chosen portfolio strategies generated any significant systematic overperformance.

  • 41.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an exploratory study of whether and in what way ‘double-edged learning’ can develop from understanding the relationship between structure and judgment and thus capture students’ experience of the audit profession. The study is based on a focus group/individual interviews conducted with students performing their work-integrated learning assignments where they interact with auditors. Identifying two themes defined as Perceiving the profession and auditing and Entering into and forming in the audit profession derived from the data, it appears that when positioned within a work-integrated learning context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on one hand as well as the importance of discretional judgment on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how double-edged learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgment.

  • 42.
    Agrento, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Business and Social Studies,University of Siena,Piazza San Francesco,Sienna, Italy.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Department of Business and Social Studies,University of Siena,Piazza San Francesco,Sienna, Italy.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Halmstad University.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    Halmstad University.
    The 'externalisation' of local public service delivery: experience in Italy and Sweden2010Inngår i: International Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 1740-0600, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 41-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the local government sector in European countries has undergone important changes involving, among other things, the externalisation of local public service provision through various forms of corporatisation, public-public collaboration, public-private partnerships and contracting out. An important consequence of these institutional changes has been the recasting of local governance systems through the need for increased cooperation between public and private actors. This article addresses these matters with comparative reference to the experience in Italy and Sweden. In doing so, it considers local governments in their constitutional and legal contexts, leading to more detailed discussions of their externalisation initiatives and resultant organisational forms and governance arrangements. Issues of ownership have been important concerning the significance of 'community' and 'place' in the management of public affairs.

  • 43.
    Ahad, Diana
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Jusic, Anisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Kommunikationsprocessen av strategiska frågor: En studie av fyra storbanker2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problem: Intresset för organisationen som ett socialt system har ökat uppmärksamheten av organisationens inre förhållanden och kommunikationen internt. I många organisationer avsätter ledning ofta mycket tid åt formulering av strategiska frågor, som inte kommuniceras ut tillräckligt och därmed inte används av medarbetare. För att medarbetare inte ska uppfatta strategier som innehållslösa är det viktigt att kommunikationsprocessen preciserar och konkretiserar strategin. Arbetsprocessen har utvecklats och idag ställs det höga krav på kunskap hos medarbetare, vilket i sin tur ställer krav på ökad information. Det innebär att det har blivit allt viktigare att medarbetare är involverade i organisationens mål och förhållningssätt till olika frågor. De flesta organisationer klagar på dålig kommunikationsförmåga, chefer klagar på att informationen inte når fram till medarbetare och att dessa inte följer riktlinjerna, medan medarbetare klagar på att beslut och information inte kommuniceras tillräckligt till dem. Synen på kommunikation ger ofta en bild av att kommunikation är något enkelt, där det sända och det mottagna meddelandet är identiska med varandra. Detta leder till en övertro på den egna kommunikationseffektiviteten i organisationen.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva den interna kommunikationsprocessen av strategiska frågor samt att bedöma dess effektivitet.

    Metod: Det här är en studie av fyra storbanker, som bygger på kvalitativ metod, där fyra intervjuer har ägt rum på ledningsnivå och fyra intervjuer på lokalnivå.

    Slutsatser: Studien har kommit fram till att väldigt lite ansträngningar läggs ned på att kommunicera strategiska frågor från ledningsnivå till lokalnivå. Kommunikationen sker via enkla kanaler, främst via intranätet, med förutsättning att medarbetare korrekt ska förstå budskapet. På grund av budskapets komplexitet och de enkla kanaler som används, finns det risk att budskapet misstolkas på lokalnivå. Motivation i kommunikationsprocessen spelar en viktig roll, men tyvärr motiverar bankerna sina medarbetare i begränsad omfattning. Kommunikationsprocessen av strategiska frågor utgör idag en linjär kommunikation, som behöver effektiviseras. För att effektivisera kommunikationsprocessen behövs andra kommunikationskanaler, klarare budskap och mer motivation. Det krävs en nätverksbetonad syn på kommunikation.

  • 44.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholm University School of Business, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Pettersson, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    From feminism to FemiInc.ism: On the uneasy relationship between feminism, entrepreneurship and the Nordic welfare state2016Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 369-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism in the Nordic countries was primarily formulated in terms of ‘state feminism’. The women’s movement cooperated with feminist government officials and politicians, resulting in societies that can be considered to be the most gender-equal societies in the world. Historically, the state provided for a large publicly-financed welfare sector which made it possible for many women to combine work and family through the state’s implementation of family-friendly policies, while simultaneously providing employment opportunities for many women. However, since the financial crisis of the 1990s, there has been a political change influenced by neo-liberal thought, in which politicians have handed over the welfare state’s responsibilities to the market, and, instead, the politicians have encouraged entrepreneurship, not least among women. Further to this development, there has been a change in emphasis from entrepreneurship (understood as starting and running a business) to entrepreneurialism which, in addition to a belief in the efficacy of market forces, also contains a social dimension where individuals are supposed to be flexible and exercise choice. In this article, we ask whether this entails a change in the feminist project in the Nordic countries, and if so, what the likely consequences are for this project, both in practice and in research. In order to answer this question, we reviewed existing Nordic research on women’s entrepreneurship and examined how this body of work conceptualizes entrepreneurship, gender, the state, and equality. We also considered whether any trends could be identified. We relate our findings to recent changes in government policy and conclude that the current discourse on entrepreneurship challenges, and possibly weakens, state feminism, but we also conclude that this discourse may also provide space for new forms of feminist action, in market terms. We coin the term FemInc.ism to denote feminist action through enterprise and we discuss a number of important challenges that research on this phenomenon is faced with.

  • 45.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, HLK, Livslångt lärande/Encell.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Arbetslivsinstitutet (ALI), Norrköping.
    Kvinnors företagande och genusordningen2013Inngår i: Arbete & jämställdhet: förändringar under 50 år / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Kirsti Niskanen, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, s. 169-187Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 46.
    Ahlers, Martina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wilms, Maximilian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ambidextrous Leadership in Innovation: A multiple case study of innovation leaders on the alignment of opening and closing leader behaviors2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The relatively new concept of ambidextrous leadership in innovation with the opposing yet complementary opening and closing leader behaviors has been proven to be positively related to fostering explorative and exploitative behaviors respectively among subordinates. The initiators of this concept propose that leaders in innovation need a ‘temporal flexibility to switch’ between opening and closing leader behaviors, which implies a sequential alignment of these behaviors. This proposition has yet remained theoretically and empirically unexplored and is initially questioned in this thesis with respect to related theoretical concepts.

    Therefore, this thesis aims to explain how innovation leaders align the recently defined opening and closing leader behaviors throughout the innovation process. By following a qualitative and inductive research approach, a multiple case study of five innovation leaders in German manufacturing companies was conducted. The data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews. The empirical data reveal that the initiators’ proposition of a sequential alignment is not sufficient to explain the complex alignment of opening and closing leader behaviors. Accordingly, a model which illustrates a predominantly simultaneous alignment of the two leader behaviors was developed. However, this model also considers that urgent situations or specific project phases and times of the year require innovation leaders to sequentially demonstrate one behavior at a time.

  • 47.
    Ahlgren, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Björck, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Internetbaserade distansutbildningar2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the informational age of today, continuous learning is of greatest importance. The demand for this seems to be increasing, while at the same time people are under more pressure to carry out more tasks in shorter amounts of time. A way to solve the problem of finding time to learn could be to make use of the possibilities that Internet offers for learning at a distance. The purpose of this thesis is to, from a pedagogical perspective, contribute to the discussion concerning Internet based distance education for a target population consisting of professionals. We have found that some of the courses included in the two certification programs which we have investigated are suitable for Internet based distance education. Furthermore, we believe that such an educational format should be a complement, and not a substitute, for the target population.

  • 48.
    Ahlin, Dennis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Strandberg, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    K2 eller K3?: En studie av de väsentliga skillnaderna2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Svenska redovisningsregler för onoterade företag genomgår förändring. På förslag ligger nya redovisningsregler för onoterade företag. Genom Årsredovisningslagens definition av ett mindre företag har 97 procent av Sveriges företag möjlighet att välja mellan K2 och K3. Marknaden efterfrågar en ökad kunskap om skillnaderna mellan regelverken.

    Syfte: Identifiera väsentliga skillnader mellan K2 och K3 samt undersöka vilka av dessa som har störst betydelse för företagen i sitt val av regelverk.

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie har genomförts, där intervjuer och remissvar har använts som datainsamling. En urvalsmetod har använts för att identifiera vilka skillnader som är tydliga mellan K2 och K3. De tydliga skillnaderna har sedan legat till grund för att undersöka om de även är väsentliga.

    Resultat och slutsatser: Skillnader som är väsentliga vid företagens val mellan K2 och K3 har identifierats på fem områden. Skillnaderna är väsentliga och påverkar därför företagens val mellan K2 och K3. Det eftersom de ingår i en bedömning av företagets samlade behov av komplexitet i sin externredovisning.

  • 49.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Westerlund, Johanna
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Sinnliga produkter: estetik som konkurrensmedel2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag förväntar sig ett företags konsumenter att de erbjudna produkterna ska fungera i enlighet med vad som utlovas. Funktionalitet och kvalitet är därför aspekter som ingår i de allra flesta företags produkterbjudande och kan i allt mindre grad användas som konkurrensfördelar. Det räcker inte med en bra produkt för att skapa ett mervärde utan en produkt måste dessutom förmedla immateriella värden, till exempel emotionella, identitetsförstärkande eller estetiska. Om konsumenters sinnen tilltalas genom estetiska värden kan detta få en större genomslagskraft när det gäller val av produkt, vilket kan skapa större konkurrenskraft än traditionell marknadsföring.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att tydliggöra produktens roll i marknadsföringen genom att förstå hur estetiska värden kan användas som konkurrensmedel.

    Genomförande: Undersökningen är baserad på sju intervjuer med företagsrepresentanter inom branschen för hushållsapparater samt en organisation som arbetar med design.

    Resultat: Undersökningen har visat på att produkternas estetiska uttryck har stor betydelse på grund av att konsumenterna visar allt större intresse för dessa aspekter. Ju fler sinnen som kan påverkas desto större möjlighet har en produkt att tilltala konsumenten. Det sinnliga uttryck som är mest framträdande idag är den visuella estetiken även om det finns viss insikt om de övriga sinnenas betydelse för konsumentens köpbenägenhet. Trots den medvetenhet som verkar finnas när det gäller betydelsen av estetik i marknadsföringen av småelsprodukter har det i undersökningen framkommit att denna insikt inte integreras till fullo, vilket kan bero på att detta sätt att kommunicera till konsumenten fortfarande inte slagit igenom på marknaden.

  • 50.
    Ahlmark, Stina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Julia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att styra i en digital värld: En flerfallsstudie om digitaliseringens påverkan på verksamhetsstyrning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Samhället genomgår just nu en övergång till mer datadrivna verksamheter och dåblir kopplingen mellan IT och verksamhetsstyrning högst relevant att undersöka. Den ökade digitaliseringen verkar påverka företags sätt att bedriva verksamhet och den skapar både möjligheter och utmaningar. Digitaliseringen är inte längre en fråga för endast IT- avdelningen utan för hela organisationen. Det handlar inte om att digitaliseringen påverkar företag, utan hur den gör det.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att förklara på vilka sätt digitaliseringen kan förändra och påverka verksamhetsstyrningen.

    Genomförande: Denna studie har en kvalitativ karaktär med utgångspunkt i ett realistiskt perspektiv. De empiriska data är insamlade genom sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med respondenter från sex olika företag som befinner sig i olika branscher.

    Slutsats: Det går att konstatera att digitaliseringen har påverkat fallföretagens verksamhetsstyrning i en mängd olika avseenden. För att lyckas i det nya och mer föränderliga företagsklimatet som digitaliseringen bidrar till krävs det omstrukturering av organisationen och nya roller i företagen samt nya typer av kompetenser. Den digitala transformationen underlättar bland annat informationsflöde, transparens och skapandet av mer effektiva kedjor samt bidrar till ökad kundorientering tack vare möjligheterna att analysera kundmönster genom data. Det leder i sin tur till att företag kan bredda och förändra sina erbjudanden och det finns en strävan efter att utgå från kärnprodukten. En viktig aspekt kopplat till detta är att understryka att digitalisering av aktiviteter inte nödvändigtvis leder till positiva resultat för företagen och det gäller därför att företagen vet vad de vill få ut av den digitala transformationen innan investeringar görs. Slutligen verkar det som att företagens digitala mognadsgrad får påverkan för i vilken grad verksamhetsstyrningen förändras.

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