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  • 1.
    Amankwah-Amoah, Joseph
    et al.
    Kent Business School, University of Kent, UK.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ottosson, Jan
    Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    United We Stand, Divided We Fall.: Historical Trajectory of Strategic Renewal Activities at Scandinavian Airlines System, 1946-2012.2017In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 59, no 4, 572-606 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the second half of the twentieth century saw the rise and fall of ‘multi-flag companies’ (MFCs) in the civil aviation industry, our understanding of how some managed to buck the trend and achieve longevity remains limited. This article advances business history and strategic management research by examining the strategic renewal activities of Scandinavian Airlines (formerly Scandinavian Airlines System [SAS]) during the period 1946–2012. The study sheds light on the key roles of private and state owners, rivals as well as banks, in critical financial phases are discussed in terms of longevity in the company. The longevity of the business stems from the leaders’ ability to develop as anticipated and respond to change in their competitive arena in close interaction with the owners. Thus, incumbent firms that strategically renew themselves prior to or during market reform, such as deregulation, enhance their chances of developing the size of their networks and revenue streams. Our main contribution to business history and strategic management literatures is the development of context-specific stages, which shed light on the evolution of strategic renewal activities and shifts from older processes and routines towards customer service and efficiency.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Growth with equity’ and regional development: distributional consequences of agglomeration in Taiwan2015In: Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, ISSN 1354-7860, E-ISSN 1469-9648, Vol. 20, no 2, 271-289 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates long-term distributional effects of regional agglomeration. We analyse changes in relative incomes for different educational and occupational categories in Taiwan from 1976 to 2006, a period during which the country underwent fundamental structural change from labour-intensive to knowledge-intensive industry and increasing globalisation of the economy. Long-term patterns derived from repeated estimations of cross-sectional micro-level data from 31 consecutive annual household surveys show that less-educated groups are not systematic losers of the transformation as positive externalities of agglomeration are both significant and widespread in the leading region. The famous pattern of ‘growth with equity’ in Taiwan has, however, become a regional rather than a national feature.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    The Opening of the North-South Divide: Cumulative causation, household income disparity and the regional bonus in Taiwan 1976-20052012In: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, ISSN 0954-349X, Vol. 23, no 2, 170-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades regional income divergence seems to have reappeared in both developed and developing countries. In Taiwan–a renowned case of growth with equity–regional per capita income was converging until the early 1990s after which it began to diverge. With the help of modeled annual household survey data from 1976 to 2005 we indicate the magnitude of a regional bonus and discuss reasons behind the re-opening of the North-South income divide in Taiwan. Our analysis suggests that this process is a consequence of cumulative causation connected to the advent of the rise of ICT industry in conjunction with changes in Taiwan's political economy which provided relatively more advantageous economic opportunities for the industrial structure of the leading region.

  • 4.
    Balli, Faruk
    et al.
    School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand.
    Uddin, Gazi Salah
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mudassar, Hasan
    School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Albany, New Zealand.
    Yoon, Seong-Min
    Department of Economics, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.
    Cross-country determinants of economic policy uncertainty spillovers2017In: Economics Letters, ISSN 0165-1765, E-ISSN 1873-7374, Vol. 156, 179-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the determinants of cross-country economic policy uncertainty (EPU) spillovers. We find that bilateral factors such as trade and common language play a highly significant role in explaining the magnitude of EPU spillovers. Furthermore, the magnitude of EPU spillovers is higher for countries having higher vulnerability in terms of fiscal, trade, or financial liability imbalances. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Stockholm School of Economics/EHFF, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Johansson, Dan
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden and Dalarna University, Borlänge.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Note on Employment and GDP in Family-Owned Business: A Descriptive Analysis2011In: Family Business Review, ISSN 0894-4865, E-ISSN 1741-6248, Vol. 24, no 4, 362-371 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government gathers information that helps identify family-owned businesses and enabled the authors to analyze every business in the economy over a longer period than has heretofore been reported. Using these data, the authors found that family-owned businesses account for up to one fourth of total employment and one fifth of gross domestic product in Sweden. These shares have increased over time due, in part, to economic policy. The authors compare their findings with other studies and suggest how Sweden and other governments might make family firm data more readily available for researchers.

  • 6.
    Bohman, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia.
    Framing the water and sanitation challenge: A history of urban water supply and sanitation in Ghana 1909 - 20052010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the development of urban water supply and sanitation services in Ghana from 1909 to 2005.  Special focus is put on institutional arrangements with regard to networked, large scale and centrally managed water and sewerage services. The national and international historical context is highlighted as a way to understand policy redirections in the sector. Further on, the concept of frames is used as an analytical tool in order to put light on the assumptions, arguments and reasons behind institutional reforms.

    The thesis finds that it was not until the water and sanitation challenge was framed from a productivity perspective, as opposed to a pure humanitarian “health frame”, that funds were released for investments in WSS infrastructure. To begin with, development strategies were largely focussed on “filling the gaps” in terms of manpower, technical and financial resources. As the water challenge was increasingly framed as a matter of managing scarcity, a new thinking gradually emerged which emphasized entrepreneurship, business mindedness and management skills as a way to achieve more efficiency within the sector. This development was also paralleled by a shift in the favoured organisational structure from an extremely centralised state utility model to a gradual focus on decentralisation and unbundling of the sector. Here a strong focus was put on private sector participation in urban water supply whereas the non-commercially viable task of sewerage development was decentralised to local authorities. The study finds that formal institutional change in the sector has been largely donor driven. However, the privatisation element of the recent urban water sector reform did not go unquestioned and a strong opposition movement concerned with the possible negative effects of privatisation was formed. Eventually the initial lease arrangement was transformed into a management contract where its signing was brought to closure in 2005.

    Besides changing frames strong elements of continuity in the urban water supply and sanitation sector development in Ghana are identified. Historical evidence demonstrate that urban water delivery was a highly political issue in Ghana already during colonial times which, just as today, was closely connected to the framing of water as independence and national integrity. The issue of finance and pricing has remained a constant concern and so the debate cannot be categorized as a novel issue that solely emanates from neo-liberal political trends during the 1980’s and 1990’s. The thesis argues that a legacy of a colonial frame tends to continue normalising inequalities in access and consumption.  Continuity can also be found in a neglect of the issue of sanitation which persistently lags behind the development of water distribution. The dissertation concludes that the perceived space for policy alternatives in Ghanaian WSS sector development has been largely constrained by the historical context and contemporary development theories. Therefore, to constantly strive towards a frame reflective policy dialogue is strongly encouraged as a way for policy planners and decision makers to make well informed decisions for the future.

  • 7.
    Bohman, Anna
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia.
    Framing the Water Challenge: Multilateral donor policies for water supply and sanitation 1960-20052006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Opinions on what is best way to provide more people in low income countries with adequate water and sanitation services have changed over time. A recent policy paradigm suggests that private companies should be involved in WSS service provision to improve the situation for those in need.

    This study looks at how issues of water supply and sanitation (WSS) have been confronted by the international donor community and how strategies to improve performance in this sector have changed from the early 1970’s up until today. The evolution of ideas and strategies are linked to overall development policies in order to better understand the forces that have shaped policy redirections in the sector. In addition, the case study of Ghana gives a preliminary picture of how donor policies have been played out in a national context. The concept of problem frames is used as an analytical tool in order to highlight how ideas change and replace each other but also to illustrate how problem frames are becoming more inclusive as new knowledge and experiences are gained.

    The study finds that while hardware knowledge such as engineering skills were put at the forefront to begin with, software matters such as capacity building and appropriate management of the sector gained increased attention with time. As the water challenge becomes increasingly framed as a matter of managing scarcity, the economic value of water is emphasized and private sector participation is promoted on a larger scale. With time the cross sectoral nature of the WSS issue gains increased attention as its overall impact on poverty reduction and environmental sustainability is emphasized. This holistic approach also contributes to an increased emphasis on sanitation as important to sustainable WSS systems and services.

    The case study of Ghana shows that all in all, institutional change within the Ghanaian WSS sector during the post independence era, mirror international policy trends. Power is moving out from the state in different directions and responsibilities are gradually hived off from the central organization to local authorities or other agencies working on specific issues. Subsidies on water tariffs are abolished and at the end of the period the private sector is also invited to act in the sector. However, recent trends indicate that as democracy deepens and civil society is growing stronger this also effects policy development in the Ghanaian WSS sector.

  • 8.
    Grip, Björn
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den ojämlika dödligheten: Hjärtdödlighet och samhällsutveckling i två städer2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unequal Mortality is primarily a study of coronary heart disease mortality and its consequences during the period 1950–2010 in the twin cities Linköping and Norrköping. The difference in mortality between the two cities was great. During the 1970s, when there was a focus on equality, these differences declined. As economic policies and social values were adapted to a global monetary policy, inequality in mortality between the two cities increased.

    Large changes took place in the respective cities as far as mortality in coronary heart disease was concerned. In both cities the low cost housing projects became poorer and were increasingly influenced by the influx of refugees, at the same time that the city centres became gentrified, not least in Linköping. The differences in mortality between the out-lying areas and the city centres increased during the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century. This is true to a greater extent in Linköping than in Norrköping.

    The dissertation consists of three parts. The licentiate thesis analyses the development of the cities from the 1950s until 2006. The study also attempts to trace the reasons for the differences in health and premature death. Article 1 deals with what happened on the way from a highly industrial to a post-industrial society. It has especially focused on studying the differences in coronary heart disease morbidity among various neighbourhoods in both the twin cities. Article 2 analyses differences in coronary heart disease mortality during the period from 1976 to 2010.

    List of papers
    1. PERSPECTIVES ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SWEDISH CARDIAC EPIDEMICS: The cases of Linköping and Norrköping
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>PERSPECTIVES ON THE RISE AND FALL OF SWEDISH CARDIAC EPIDEMICS: The cases of Linköping and Norrköping
    2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 41, no 1, 32-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) can be described as an ongoing epidemic, although a very protracted one, lasting more than 100 years. Cardiovascular diseasesstill top mortality rates in the world today, accounting for about 30% of all deaths around the globe. But it is in the industrialized world that CVD dominate, although differences are great among various regions. Myocardial infarctions are significantly more common in Sweden than in southern Europe, but less common than in Eastern Europe. The overall question concerns the consequences for health in areas on the road to a post-industrial society. Over the years a clearer link has become visible between lifestyle and health. In Sweden, infectious diseases diminished as result of rising living standards. At the same time cardiovascular diseases were beginning their upward phase, reaching a peak in the 1960s. Deaths due to CVD bring to light significant discrepancies related to socio-economic and cultural factors. A comparison of the Swedish twin cities Linkoping and Norrkoping show considerable differences in death rates in favour of Linkoping, amounting to about 30% fewer in the 1920s with a tendency toward rising differences thereafter. A preliminary investigation of diagnoses has shown that links commonly made between health and socio-economic patterns need revision. The differences in cardiovascular morbidity show another pattern than was expected. It is obvious that the neighbourhood environments themselves have significance, and that the inequalities need additional research based on complementary explanatory models.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
    Keyword
    Sweden; health; demography; cardiac epidemics
    National Category
    History and Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125831 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2015.1108930 (DOI)000369289500003 ()
    Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2016-11-07
  • 9.
    Haikola, Simon
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish mineral policy at a crossroads?: Critical reflections on the challenges with expanding Sweden’s mining sector2016In: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 3, no 2, 508-516 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyse the critique that has accompanied sustained efforts made in recent years by the Government of Sweden to facilitate global investment in the country's mining sector. The minerals market in the 21st century has been characterized by increasing global prices. In Sweden, the largest mining nation within the EU, this has led to what has been identified as a mining boom. The governmental mining policy, aimed at attracting an increasing part of the global venture capital seeking to profit from the volatile but lucrative minerals market, has been met with growing domestic resistance, fuelled by what has been perceived as dangers and side effects of a rapidly expanding Swedish mining industry. This resistance has largely focused on the mineral strategy launched by the government in 2013, as it crystallized the neoliberal ideas judged by critics to severely jeopardize social, cultural, economic and environmental values. After a critical analysis of the mineral strategy, we go on to analyse the mining-critical discourse, concluding with a discussion where we highlight the main implications of the analysis and identify a possible path for compromise between proponents and opponents of the mineral strategy.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-02-10 13:20
  • 10.
    Jacobson, Herbert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Magnusson, Dan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Romare, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thörn Berggren, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svart, grått, vitt: en lärobok om ekonomisk brottslighet2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ekonomisk brottslighet är ett allvarligt samhällsproblem. I Sverige uppskattas värdet av den svarta ekonomin till motsvarande mellan fem och tio procent av BNP, vilket innebär hundratals miljarder kronor. Konsekvenserna av denna omfattande brottslighet är att samhällsekonomin i förlängningen undergrävs. Den ekonomiska brottsligheten drabbar inte bara den offentliga sektorn utan även individer och företag, vilket bidrar till att komplicera problembilden. Vidare begås de ekonomiska brotten i stor utsträckning inom ramen för den organiserade brottsligheten.

    Ekonomisk brottslighet studeras därför med fördel i gränssnittet mellan flera olika discipliner, såsom juridik, kriminologi, etik, filosofi, ekonomi och historia. Genom att angripa problemet från olika håll ökar möjligheten att förstå och förhindra ekonomisk brottslighet.Läroboken Svart Grått Vitt tar ett mångvetenskapligt grepp på problemet. Här är forskningsresultat och lärdomar inom juridik, kriminologi, etik, filosofi, ekonomi och historia samlade på ett pedagogiskt sätt.

    Boken redogör för teorier, modeller, typologier och begrepp; fallstudier över ekonomiskt brottsligt beteende; samt straffrättsliga regler för ekonomisk brottslighet.Svart Grått Vitt riktar sig främst till kriminologer, ekonomer, sociologer, poliser och jurister men kan även läsas av andra som är intresserade av att få en introduktion i ekonomisk brottslighet.

  • 11.
    Josephson, Camilla Maria Kyllikki
    Economic History, Lund University, Sweden.
    Growth and Business Cycles: Swedish Manufacturing Industry 1952-20012005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that the mechanisms behind knowledge accumulation and the sources of productivity growth differ from industry to industry depending on what is produced and what technology is used. Although it is apparent to most researchers in the field that the only way to explain long-run growth in output per capita is through technological progress and accumulation of knowledge that counteract the dampening effect of diminishing returns, we are still in the dark about how such mechanisms operate. By focusing on the importance of separating industrial sectors with different methods of production and thereby including the possibility of TFP reflecting various growth mechanisms for diverse industries, this thesis tries to rethink the history of productivity growth in the Swedish manufacturing industry. A unique dataset, for the period 1952 to 2001, makes it possible to distinguish labour-intensive, capital-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries. Analysing the cointegration VAR model means that the sources of long-run productivity growth and business cycles are treated as separate yet interdependent issues. We show that, by applying relevant economic theory to representative data and using advanced econometric methods, it is feasible to test a variety of theoretical assumptions about endogenous growth on appropriate data. In so doing, we establish the important role of opportunity costs in allocating investments among various ways of accumulating knowledge. Since resources are scarce, investment in one form of knowledge accumulation takes place at the expense of another, which in turn has important implications for business cycles. We obtained the following results: the highest rate of knowledge accumulation was attained in industries using technologically advanced production processes and/or manufacturing technologically advanced goods. Business cycles reflect the sum of simultaneous productivity increases and productivity losses as altering opportunity costs allocated investments among knowledge-accumulating and/or growth-generating mechanisms. The productivity slowdown in 1975 was not as severe in all sectors; nor was the catch-up in the 1990s as strong in all industries. The concept of past-dependent knowledge accumulation giving rise to locked-in expertise, and rapidly falling rates of learning on aged techniques and old products, is put forward as the main explanations for why the severest productivity slowdown and failure to adjust to new economic conditions took place in capital-intensive industry. Rapidly increasing knowledge accumulation and monopoly profits explains why the '1975-crisis' hit knowledge- intensive industry the least, and why this industry showed the greatest catch-up between 1992 and 2001.

  • 12.
    Josephson, Camilla Maria Kyllikki
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Productivity Variations in the Swedish Manufacturing Industry 1950-19942004In: Technology and human capital in historical perspective / [ed] Jonas Ljungberg and Jan-Pieter Smits, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 1, 145-181 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One theme of this volume is whether the complementarity between technology and human capital is a recent phenomenon, or whether it can be traced through history. Different approaches to human capital as well as technology are applied, and besides historical surveys are total factor productivity and patent data employed. The studies deal with the Iberian peninsula, Scandinavia, and Canada, countries displaying different patterns in the international development.

  • 13.
    Josephson, Camilla Maria Kyllikki
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Carreras, Albert
    History and Economic Institutions the Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona, Spain).
    Aggregate Growth 1870-19142010In: The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe: Volume 2, 1870 to the Present / [ed] Stephen Broadberry and Kevin O'Rourke, Cambridge University Press , 2010, 1, 30-58 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unlike most existing textbooks on the economic history of modern Europe, which offer a country-by-country approach, The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe rethinks Europe's economic history since 1700 as unified and pan-European, with the material organized by topic rather than by country. This second volume tracks Europe's economic history through three major phases since 1870. The first phase was an age of globalization and of European economic and political dominance that lasted until the First World War. The second, from 1914 to 1945, was one of war, deglobalization, and depression and the third was one of growing integration not only within Europe but also between Europe and the global economy. Leading authors offer comprehensive and accessible introductions to these patterns of globalization and deglobalization as well as to key themes in modern economic history such as economic growth, business cycles, sectoral developments, and population and living standards.

  • 14.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Department of Economic History, Lund Unviversity.
    Return Migration from Sweden: A Longitudinal Analysis2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Return migration is one of the least studied areas within migration research, although it has major implications for both sending and receiving societies. The importance of the phenomenon is shown by the fact that more than 50 percent of the immigrants who arrived in Sweden in 1970 had returned after twenty years. This book deals with return migration from Sweden by immigrants from the major non-Nordic sources of immigration in the period 1968-1996. Using longitudinal micro level data, the study provides a detailed analysis of the immigrants’ migratory behavior. The results show that return migration to a large extent is determined by economic factors, such as individual income performance and the economic circumstances in the home country relative to Sweden. The deteriorated labor market situation for immigrants has led to an increase in return migration by highly skilled migrants, but not increased return migration in general. An important conclusion is that economic marginalization does not explain return migration. Regarding refugee immigrants, the decision to return does not only depend on the political situation in the home country; it is also highly dependent on economic circumstances. Different economic opportunities in Poland and Chile after democratization in 1990 explain the large differences in return migration to these countries.

  • 15.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala.
    Democratic Governance in the Transition from Yugoslav Self-Management to a Market Economy: The Case of the Slovenian Privatization Debates 1990-19922003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main object of this doctoral dissertation is the Slovenian transition to a market economy with a focus on the genesis of the Slovenian privatization model and the political and legislative process behind its formulation. Starting from a presentation of the international context and historical legacies, the study investigates the almost three-year-long Slovenian theoretical, parliamentary, economic, political and public debates (1990-1992) concerning the choice of model and institutional framework for large-scale privatization. In particular the legislative and discursive shaping of the text of the Law on Ownership Transformation of Enterprises is analyzed. The thesis addresses the design of a property rights regime as a genuinely political meta-process of structuring that involves a redistribution of social assets, with important economic and social consequences for different groups in society, through which the conception of a just society is redefined. The study applies the heterodox institutional approach to analyze institutional choices in the "transition to market". Such a perspective questions the simple causal explanations of the mechanisms of diffusion and the role of dominant ideas and ideologies in shaping institutions. Furthermore, the conventional understanding of institutions and history as structural constraints is challenged in order to open for the exploration of the conditions, mechanisms and processes of institutional change in terms of actors' contingencies for development of new institutions and path shifts through learning and problem-solving processes, interaction and interpretation. The influence of the Slovenian experience with Yugoslav self-management on institutional change is explored.

  • 16.
    Likić-Brborić, Branka
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Labour rights as human rights?: trajectories in the global governance of migration2015In: Migration, precarity, and global governance: challenges and opportunities for labour / [ed] Schierup, Carl-Ulrik; Munck, Ronaldo; Likić-Brborić, Branka; Neergaard, Anders, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, 223-244 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter Branka Likić-Brborić addresses the emerging global governance of migration. She scrutinizes the structuring of human and labour rights discourses and contingencies for their institutionalisation and implementation by discussing their prospects for the promotion of global social justice. Issues of accountability and contingencies for the implementation of labour and human rights as migrants’ rights are discussed in the wider context of the existing global governance architecture. The chapter questions assumptions that setting up a workable model for codification and institutionalisation of labour standards, human rights and migrants’ rights could be left to a currently asymmetric global governance regime or to a variety of codes of corporate social responsibility. Global and regional trade union confederations and other civil society organizations have an essential role in repositioning a rights-based approach to migration, labour standards and development onto the terrain of a just globalisation.

  • 17.
    Lindgren, Göran
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Grosshandlare Liljevalch och traktaten med Kina2000In: Personhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0031-5699, Vol. 96, no 1, 46-76 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln behandlar omständigheterna som ledde fram till traktaten mellan Konungariket Sverige-Norge och det kejserliga Kina år 1847. Här ges en beskrivning av Liljevalchs arbete för att få tillstånd resan, händelser och upplevelser under resan och på plats i Kina samt vägen fram till avtalet. Här ges också olika förklaringar till varför avtalet överhuvudtaget kom till stånd, dess ingående klausuler och vad detta kom att innebära för svensk del.

  • 18.
    Mešić, Nedžad
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Framing solidarity in the unionisation of undocumented migrant workers2017In: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergard, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 303-325 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the capacity of two Swedish trade union initiatives, SAC Syndicalists and LO-TCO centre, to extend solidarity to undocumented migrant workers. The author asks what solidarity linkages have been established since the shift of millennia and what obstacles encountered in forging solidarity between workers with strong versus weak legal status. He illuminates the emergence of a transformative form of solidarity, which may open for protection of new groups of disadvantaged workers.

  • 19.
    Olausson, Inger
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Competition on a local market: a historical study of market gardens in Stockholm2016In: XVIII INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON HORTICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT / [ed] L. Ekelund Axelson, F. Fernqvist, 2016, Vol. 1, 135-140 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period 1880-1930, the interest in gardening products rose substantially on the Swedish market. Import of horticultural produce as well as domestic production increased 20 times. The competition on the horticultural market significantly increased from the 1930s. The costs of fuel and labor rose, and imports took a larger share of the Swedish market as the century progressed, except during the wars. Competition was stiff from countries with lower production costs. After World War II, a series of measures were introduced to stabilize the world economy and kick-start trade. These included the first General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), intended to boost international trade by reducing customs duties and trade quotas. At the negotiating table Sweden was particularly anxious about the export opportunities for major industries. This meant easing imports for some products for the sake of the balance of trade, and one category sacrificed was horticultural products. This became a backlash for the market gardens, and the number of companies decreased or the production rationalized and specialized. But there are examples of small-scale family businesses that survived competition from largescale, modern companies in southern Sweden, and increasing imports and rising costs of fuel and labor. These businesses adapted their production to the demands on local markets. Two of these have provided case studies: Nilsson's market garden on Runmarö in the Stockholm archipelago, founded in 1929, and Nora market garden in Danderyd, founded in 1938 and run by the Welander family. Nilsson had a focused strategy, providing a custom range of products to wealthy summer visitors in the Stockholm archipelago. Welander had a differentiated approach, selling products of superior quality, with customers including a delicatessen in Stockholm.

  • 20.
    Olausson, Inger
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Market gardens in Sweden 1900-1950 with four case studies from Stockholm County2015In: ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1108XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): V International Conference on Landscape and Urban Horticulture and International Symposium on Sustainable Management in the Urban Forest / [ed] G. Groening, G.M. Moore, J.P. Rayner, E.E.F. Moore, 2015, Vol. 1, 123-129 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The links between market gardens and cities were symbiotic until the mid-1900s. In my thesis about market gardens in Sweden 1900-1950, four market gardens in Stockholm County are investigated, trying to find out how different resources and strategies contributed to the businesses competitiveness. Two of the market gardens belonged to mansions with all the staff employed. The other two were established as family businesses by entrepreneurs without employees. Garden products are sensitive to bumps, heat, low temperatures, etc. Due to this, the access to a nearby market was necessary at that time. The development of the trade with garden products was linked to a fast-growing population in the cities, the growing demand for garden products, and the development of the transport sector. From the growing city, gardeners bought horse manure, garbage, or anything that produced heat to the hotbeds when it decomposed. Most of the market gardens were small family businesses situated on small plots. In the 1930s and 1940s in 75% of the businesses a maximum of three people were engaged. The production was both resource-demanding and labour-intensive. The use of hotbeds and greenhouses extended the growing season and made it possible to grow all year around. The gardenerRSQUOs dependence on merchandises increased like an avalanche to beat the growing competition on the market. The import, often of high quality products, was growing very fast and affected the interest for garden products. It forced the domestic horticulture industry to increase the quality and effectiveness of the production.

  • 21.
    Onufrey, Ksenia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Enabled by the past: understanding endogenous innovation in mature industries2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mature industries have played and still play a crucial role in national and world economies. To survive and retain competitiveness, they need to innovate, as innovation is the driver of economics growth and industrial transformation. However, existing research does not provide sufficient explanation of how innovation in mature industries can be enabled based on resources and internal development logic of those industries, i.e. endogenously. Some previous studies focused on incremental innovation patterns, which led to an underestimation of innovation potential of mature industries. Other studies acknowledged a high innovation potential of mature industries, but failed to explain how, through what mechanisms, industry-endogenous logic can bring about major innovations.

    Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to systematically address, explain and conceptualize endogenous industry- innovation and its driving mechanisms in mature industries. To achieve this purpose, three main issues are addressed. First, the thesis investigates and conceptualizes the notion of industry endogenous innovation mechanisms based on the path dependency theory. Second, the thesis addresses strategic choices and actions by established companies that are rooted in the industry endogenous mechanisms and result in highly innovative outcomes. Third, the thesis systematically analyses different aspects of radicalness of innovations resulting from industry endogenous mechanisms.

    The thesis represents a qualitative, embedded case study with two main industry cases, i.e. the global lighting industry and the Swedish pulp and paper industry. The lighting industry and its sub-cases in the form of specific lighting technologies have been studied via the analysis of patents of leading lighting manufacturers, archival and secondary data sources as well as interviews with different types of actors in the industry. The pulp and paper industry and its sub-cases in the form of innovation initiatives have been studied with the help of interviews with leading manufacturers and research institutes, as well the analysis of annual reports and secondary data sources. The outcomes of the study are presented in the form of the thesis cover paper and five appended papers.

    The results show that innovations of any magnitude can be endogenously developed in mature industries. At the industry level, endogenous innovation is driven by innovation mechanisms that can be conceptualized as reactive sequences and self-reinforcing mechanisms. At the level of individual companies, the exploitation strategy corresponds to the logic of endogenous innovation mechanisms by enabling highly innovative outcomes and building on a wide range of resources available in the industry. The endogenous character of innovation mechanisms imposes certain limitations on the radicalness of the outcomes in the form of trade-offs in terms of how many and what particular aspects can be radically new at once.

    With these results, the thesis contributes to a more balanced overall understanding of innovation potential of mature industries and allows shifting the focus of discussion from whether mature industries can develop radical innovation to when and under what conditions they can succeed in this process. The results of the thesis also suggest several recommendations for managers in established companies with regard to how they can they can take advantage of industry endogenous innovation mechanisms.

    List of papers
    1. Is one path enough? Multiple paths and path interaction as an extension of path dependency theory
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is one path enough? Multiple paths and path interaction as an extension of path dependency theory
    2014 (English)In: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 23, no 5, 1261-1297 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    To explain the development of multi-technology companies and industries where several alternative technologies co-exist and interact over long periods, this article suggests an extension of path dependency theory by providing a conceptualization of the path notion that incorporates the theoretical possibility of multiple paths and path interaction. The conceptualization is applied to a patent study of three leading companies in the lighting industry: General Electric, Osram/Siemens, and Philips. The study shows technology development patterns that are characterized by strong persistence, both within each path and across the whole technology field. These results demonstrate that multiple technological paths can co-exist in companies and industries, characterized by simultaneous long-term presence of several technologies. In such cases, path interaction takes place both between co-existing paths and when new, radically different paths are created. Although further studies are needed to identify the underlying self-reinforcing mechanisms, there is a clear indication that technological path dependency is not restricted to unitary progression patterns, as implied by previous conceptualizations.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxford University Press, 2014
    National Category
    Economics and Business Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102614 (URN)10.1093/icc/dtt040 (DOI)000343321100005 ()
    Available from: 2013-12-17 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2017-03-27
    2. Endogenous sources of path generation in a path dependent industry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Endogenous sources of path generation in a path dependent industry
    2017 (English)In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 29, no 9, 1062-1075 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates and conceptualises industry endogenous sources of innovation in a context of path dependency. With an embedded case study of the mature multi-technology lighting industry, it considers two cases of technology generation (fluorescent lamps and light-emitting diodes) that have occurred under the dominance of established incandescent technology. The results demonstrate the existence of common driving forces (variety of performance criteria and variety of lighting applications) behind the development of the existing path and the generation of two new paths. Such common driving forces indicate the existence of a reactive sequence or a logical causal relationship between the existing and the new paths, which serve as an enabling mechanism in endogenous path generation.

    Keyword
    industry endogenous innovation, lighting industry, Path dependency, path generation, reactive sequences
    National Category
    Computer Science Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Computer Systems Computer Engineering Information Systems, Social aspects
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136098 (URN)10.1080/09537325.2016.1268683 (DOI)000411495400007 ()
    Available from: 2017-03-27 Created: 2017-03-27 Last updated: 2017-10-09Bibliographically approved
    3. Self-reinforcing Mechanisms in a Multi-technology Industry: Understanding Sustained Technological Variety in a Context of Path Dependency
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-reinforcing Mechanisms in a Multi-technology Industry: Understanding Sustained Technological Variety in a Context of Path Dependency
    2015 (English)In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 22, no 6, 523-551 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies self-reinforcing mechanisms in multi-technology industries, i.e. industries in which technological lock-in does not occur and several technologies continue to coexist. The purpose of this paper is to investigate what kind of self-reinforcing mechanisms can be present in such industries and explain how multiple paths can coexist and interact in a context of self-reinforcement and, ultimately, path dependency. Building on the empirical example of the lighting industry, the paper shows that all previously recognized types of self-reinforcing mechanisms can be present in a multi-technology industry. However, in addition to the path-internal positive feedbacks and cross-path negative externalities identified in single-path settings, multi-technology industries also experience positive cross-path externalities that create a symbiotic relationship between alternatives and allow for the reproduction of the same development pattern across technologies. Due to the existence of such non-negative technology interactions, multi-technology industries can be path dependent while still retaining technological variety.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR and FRANCIS LTD, 2015
    Keyword
    Self-reinforcing mechanisms; path dependency; multi-technology industries; lighting industry
    National Category
    Economics and Business
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123163 (URN)10.1080/13662716.2015.1100532 (DOI)000364722200004 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Riksbankens Jubileumsfond via the KITE research program [M2006-0231]

    Available from: 2015-12-06 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2017-04-28
  • 22.
    Perlinge, Anders
    et al.
    Foundation for Economic History Research within Banking and Enterprise, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sjögren, HansLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Biographies of the Financial World2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Pettersson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Den svenska lönebildningen i förändring2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The Swedish wage-setting has changed since the time for the breakthrough of the industrialism until today. Before that, wages often consisted of perquisites or goods that could be exchanged against other goods. Rural people were often self-sufficient. In some cases the farmer owned the land, in other cases they where tenants. At the time for the breakthrough of industrialism the demand for similar labour were increased. This situation in combination with urbanization leads to an increasing demand for money as means of payment. The wage-setting runs all through the story and is important for the development of a society. The cooperation between employers and employees is important and the institutions is a great part in these game. The question is how the wage-setting has developed from the middle of 19th century until today, and what the most important elements for development are.

    Purpose: The purpose with this thesis is to describe the Swedish wagesetting between 1850-2009, from an institutional point of view, and analyse important factors for these changings.

    Results: The Swedish wage-setting between 1850-2009 has gone from a situation with pure theory in the middle of the 1900 century, to a more complicated system for wage-setting in the middle of 20th century. After 1970 we can see a development towards the pure theory for wage-setting that is presented by Olivier Blanchard. Some reasons for that is the change from industrial society to service society, women are introduced on the labourmarket, globalization and an increasing competition from other countries outside Europe, and an increased public sector.

  • 24.
    Refslund, Bjarke
    et al.
    Center for Industrial Production, Department of Business and Management, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Intra-European labour migration and low-wage competition - comparing the Danish and Swedish experiences across three sectors2016In: Industrial relations journal, ISSN 0019-8692, E-ISSN 1468-2338, Vol. 47, no 1, 62-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article compares how low-wage competition and labour migration from EU11 Member States affect industrial relations and working conditions for natives and migrants in three sectors (transport, cleaning and agriculture) in Denmark and Sweden. The analysis shows how already vulnerable sectors with below-average union density and collective agreements-especially geographical dispersed sectors-are strongly affected.

  • 25.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A toxic embrace: migration, labour, and the Rainbow nation’s neoliberal pact2015In: Migration, precarity, and global governance: challenges and opportunities for labour / [ed] Schierup, Carl-Ulrik; Munck, Ronaldo; Likić-Brborić; Neergaard, Anders, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, 197-222 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South African apartheid stands out in the academic literature as a generic case of the discriminatory political economy of migration in modern capitalism. In this chapter Carl-Ulrik Schierup brings into focus recent developments in post-apartheid South Africa, which is fractured by outbreaks of xenophobia and upset by police violence against striking workers. It is a historical moment presenting labour unions and other movements of civil society with imminent challenges. It signifies a current crisis of South Africa’s celebrated ‘community’ or ‘social movement’ unionism in the context of globalisation, corporate restructuring, a vast and exacerbated social inequality, the informalisation of labour, and a re-racialising regional migration system. It posits that a third way back to the future for trade unions, between politics of irregular migration and a new ‘global apartheid’ of ‘managed migration’, may be through retrieving their own past rootedness in workplaces and local communities, and in organising internal and cross border migrants.

  • 26.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Memorándum para el «poder popular»: Migración, precariedad y nuevos movimientos sociales en el post-apartheid en Sudáfrica2015In: Migración y Desarollo, ISSN 1870-7599, Vol. 13, no 24, 3-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses migration, precarity and poor people’s movements. It relates a reproduction of poverty and unfree labour in post-apartheid South Africa to shifting race-class alliances and the constitution of political hegemony under variable historical-structural conditions. It charts the development of migrancy system from apartheid’s centrally managed labour regime to a post-apartheid neoliberal regime driven by policies of «flexploitation». A contentious enigma of «xenophobia» is related to nation and citizenship in the remaking of hegemony in an exceedingly unequal society where poor people’s movements carve out spaces of an «insurgent citizenship» beyond the reach of neoliberal governance. The author asks whether a reconstituted South African left, with the anti-apartheid coalition’s Freedom Charter as a memorandum for current struggles, will be able to advance a renaissance of «people power» at a junction where migration, xenophobia and winning the loyalty of an unruly precariat have become increasingly crucial stratagems?

  • 27.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Under the rainbow: migration, precarity and people power in post-apartheid South Africa2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, 276-315 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Ålborg Universitet, Denmark.
    An Introduction to the Special Issue. Politics of Precarity: Migrant Conditions, Struggles and Experiences2016In: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 42, no 7-8, 947-958 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current special issue examines the range and strength of analysing contemporary transformations and struggles through the lens of ‘precarity’. Rather than defining a single precariat, the interest is in exploring ‘varieties of precarity’. These take different forms in different parts of the world, on different scales and in different socio-economic contexts, and yet they share certain characteristics in terms of conditions and capacity for agency. Contributions to this volume testify that precarity may be a political proposition as much as a sociological category that offers an analytical description of current transformations. The selection of articles has the ‘politics of precarity’ as a frame of reference. It describes the political economy of neoliberal globalization producing institutionally embedded precarization of labour, livelihoods and citizenship, but also resistance against the systemic structuration within which it is embedded.

  • 29.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Department of Culture and Global Studies CoMID - Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark.
    From ‘Social Exclusion’ to ‘Precarity’. The becoming-migrant of labour: an introduction2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, 1, 1-29 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, MartinInstitut for Kultur og Globale Studier, Aalborgs University, Denmark.
    Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Politics of Precarity: Migrant Conditions, Struggles and Experiences, edited by Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen, the contributing authors look into precarity. Precarity has become a buzzword in as well academia as among activist. The book depicts precarity as being both a condition and a mobilizing force for resistance. The volume asks questions that investigate conditions and resistance across diverse cases such as first generation urbanites in China, migrant pensioners and unemployed youth in Sweden and Spain, refugees in Germany, irregular and regular migrants in Southern Europe, Turkey, Russia the United States and South Africa.

    Readership - Politics of Precarity is of interest for students and scholars within migration studies, sociology, social anthropology and political economy as well as people interested in the effects of neoliberalism.

    Table of contents

    1. From ‘Social Exclusion’ to ‘Precarity’. The Becoming Migrant of Labour. An IntroductionCarl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen

    2. A Geneology of Precarity: A Toolbox for Rearticulating Fragmented Social Realities in and out of the WorkplaceMaribel Casas-Cortés

    3. The Precariat strikes back – precarity struggles in practiceMartin Bak Jørgensen

    4. The Precariat: A View from the SouthRonaldo Munck

    5. Turkey’s new precariat: Differentiated vulnerability and new alliancesNazli Senses

    6. Multiplex migration and axes of precarization: Swedish retirement migrants to Spain and their service providersAnna Gavanas and Ines Calzada

    7. Employment in crisis: Cyprus and the extension of precarityGregoris Ioannou

    8. Regulating Illegal Work in China: Immigration Law and Precarious Migrant StatusMimi Zou

    9. Running into nowhere: Educational migration in Beijing and the conundrum of social and existential mobilitySusanne Bregnbæk

    10. Necropolitics and the Migrant as a Political Subject of Disgust: The Precarious Everyday of Russia’s Labour MigrantsJohn Round and Irina Kuznetsova-Morenko

    11. Mobile commons and/in precarious spaces: Mapping migrant struggles and social resistanceNicos Trimikliniotis, Dimitris Parsanoglou & Vassilis Tsianos

    12. The Working Class and the city as Political Platform in New YorkPeter Schultz Jørgensen

    13. Under the Rainbow: Precarity and People Power in Post-Apartheid South Africa Carl-Ulrik Schierup

  • 31.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Munck, Ronaldo
    Civic Engagement, Dublin City University, Ireland.
    Likić-Brborić, Branka
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduction: Migration, Precarity and Global Governance: Challenges and Opportunities for Labour2015In: Migration, Precarity and Global Governance: Challenges and Opportunities for Labour / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Ronaldo Munck, Branka Likić-Brborić & Anders Neergaard, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, 1-29 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This introductory editorial chapter paints the background to current issues of international migration, unfree labour, racialization, and changing frameworks of citizenship. The theoretical basis for this chapter is drawn from a modified view of the writings of Karl Polanyi. Using the notion of ‘precarity’ as a central concept, the editors analyse the prospects for a contemporary ‘double movement’ which challenges the commodification of labour under conditions of neoliberal globalization. The introduction summarizes and discusses the content of the book’s fifteen chapters in the light of this perspective, and posits a discussion of human rights as a stratagem for today’s labour movements. It makes a case for bringing the labour movement back in, through debates on migration, migrants’ working conditions, the organization of labour, and the utopia of social justice in a post-neoliberal era.

  • 32.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Global Migrant Precariat: Labour, Citizenship and Space for Civil Society2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper pursues a critical understanding of the dual signification of ‘precarity’. ‘The authors explorewhat ‘precarity’ as a concept may potentially offer studies of a changing contemporary politicaleconomy of migration. They discuss shifting trends in global migration and the rise of a neoliberal‘regulatory state’, and put the question as to whether we may see tendencies towards convergencebetween ‘South’ and ‘North’, ‘East’ and ‘West’. Based on a review of current research advances theydiscuss, with reference to the classical work of Karl Polanyi, potentials for a contemporary‘countermovement’ contesting precarity among migrants. Bringing forth controversies and dilemmasin need of analysis, theoretical elaboration and empirical inquiry the authors ask ‘what is the space forcivil society in governance on migration?

  • 33.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Breaking the Industrial logic: A Comparative Study of Family Dynasties2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article treats the context and inner life large family firms. The dominant question posed is what characterizes the largest Swedish family firms, some of which fully meet the definition of family dynasties while others only partially do so. The goal is to create a deeper understanding of the owners‟ motives and behavior without, however, determining whether or not it is an effective form of ownership. The empirical comparison, based on a set of new concepts, includes problems associated with generational transfers and evolving public economic policy. One finding is that the first generations of the dynasties broke with the accepted institutional rules and industrial logic of the time. In opposition to, or in cooperation with, the controlling authorities, they changed market conditions, thereby creating opportunity space that allowed them to become established and to grow. In order to achieve these changes in market conditions, they had to function as lobbyists or created strong relationships with those possessing political power. Through their enterprises, they created new markets. Once the firms became large employers, and thus important for the country‟s labor market, they also attracted the attention of politicians. Another finding is the preaching of value creating philosophies ? hobbyhorses with strategic content that disciplines and guides the employees of the dynasty and the ownership sphere‟s companies.

  • 34.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den uthålliga kapitalismen: Bolagsstyrningen i Astra, Stora Kopparberg och Svenska Tändsticksaktiebolaget2012 (ed. 2)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationer kräver stöd av ett uthålligt och kompetent ägarkapital. Ett välfärdsamhälle med hög innovationstakt och hög sysselsättningsnivå är därför beroende av privata ägare som aktivt omskapar näringslivet. Dessa s. k. kontrollägare kan vara familjer lika väl som privata institutioner. Gemensamt för dem är principen om ständig industriell förnyelse. Denna utgångspunkt för bolagsstyrning leder inte alltid till snabba vinster men skapar i gengäld uthållighet under strukturkriser och möjlighet till stark ekonomisk tillväxt över tid.    

    I Den uthålliga kapitalismen analyseras långsiktigt aktivt ägande som bolagsstyrning i svenskt näringsliv. I studierna av Astra, Stora Kopparberg och Svenska Tändsticksaktiebolaget visas hur marknadsbetingelser, teknologi, entreprenörskap och organisation utnyttjats för att skapa ekonomisk nytta. Genom access till arkivmaterial på bolagsnivå kan ägarmakten i svenskt näringsliv skildras med större djup än tidigare. Komplexiteten och oförutsägbarheten i de ekonomiska förloppen blir tydlig, men även att näringslivets dynamik i hög grad bestäms av politiska och sociala faktorer.

  • 35.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dynastier.: Så blev Sverige rikt.2017Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Entrepreneurial Spirit in the Evolution of the Swedish Family Businesses2013In: The Endurance of Family Business: A Global Review / [ed] Andrea Colli and Paloma Fernandez-Perez, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Familjedynastier2012In: Familjeföretagande: affärer och känslor / [ed] Ethel Brundin, Anders W. Johansson, Bengt Johannisson, Leif Melin, Mattias Nordqvist, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2012, 1, 90-124 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bonniers, Dafgårds, H&M, Indiska, IKEA, Löfbergs Lila, Polar­bröd, Spendrups - alla är de familjeföretag, liksom de allra flesta mindre och medelstora företag i svenskt och internationellt näringsliv. Familjeföretag är också den överlägset vanligaste företagsformen i Sverige och världen.Familjeföretagandet har tydliga karaktärsdrag.

    Det mest framträdande är kopplingen mellan företag och familj. Starka sidor är aktivt och långsiktigt ägande, självständighet i förhållande till kapitalmarknaden och flexibel styrning. Men i familjeföretagande ryms också många motsatspar, däribland tradition och förnyelse, utveckling och avveckling, affärer och känslor, arbete och familjeliv.Författarna är aktiva forskare inom området och ger tillsammans en mångsidig bild av familjeföretagandets kännetecken och kraftfält. Boken behandlar bland annat organisering, ägarskiften samt spänningar och maktförhållanden i familjeföretag.

    Familjeföretagande: affärer och känslor är den första heltäckande boken på svenska i ämnet och skildrar svenska förhållanden samtidigt som den är förankrad i internationell forskning.

    Denna titel har tidigare givits ut av SNS förlag men ingår numera i Studentlitteraturs sortiment.

  • 38.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Economics and Economic History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Family Capitalism within Big Business2006In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 54, no 2, 161-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article addresses central questions in the research of family business, corporate governance and the transformation of Swedish industry. The analysis is drawn from the example of the Wallenberg family in Sweden, an industrial dynasty of five generations. Ideas of ownership and overriding values are discussed in relation to pressures of change in international industries. In detail, the article deals with 1) the concepts of corporate governance, long-term active ownership and networking capacity and the chronology of successful family capitalism, 2) the pressures for change experienced in early post-World War II Swedish industry in general and in the three multinational companies in particular, 3) how the owners and top management of the three companies responded strategically to these pressures and 4) the extent to which the provision of capital was accompanied by industrial competence or if simple patience on the part of capital was sufficient.

  • 39.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Högtryck: SAS och omvandlingen2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SAS har länge varit en ikon för skandinaviskt näringsliv och en plats för tekniska, organisatoriska och estetiska innovationer. Men sedan 1990-talet har förutsättningarna förändrats radikalt.

    Boken är en studie av vilka krav och svårigheter som följer med nationsöverskridande kommersiellt samarbete, där flera statliga och privata ägare tillsammans har att hantera utmaningarna på en omreglerad marknad.

    Studien visar vilka spelregler och beteenden som är avgörande för att skapa långsiktigt lönsamma samarbetsformer på nordisk bas.

  • 40.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skandinaviskt förankrat samarbete. Fallet SAS2016In: Historikere i oppdrag : Festskrift till Trond Bergh, Sverre Knutsen och Lars Thue / [ed] Harald Espeli och Finn Erhard Johannessen, Oslo: Novus Forlag, 2016, 141-163 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics.
    Stockholms sjöfart i omvandling2008In: Tillväxt & tradition : perspektiv på Stockholms moderna ekonomiska historia / [ed] Håkan Lindgren och Tom Petersson, Stockholm: Stockholmia förlag, 2008, 1, -333 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att hävda att Stockholmsområdet är Sveriges ekonomiska motor möter inte längre en storm av protester. Men hur viktig är egentligen Stockholm i den nationella och globala ekonomin och vilka faktorer ligger bakom den förändring som skett under 1900-talets senare hälft?I Tillväxt och tradition ges en översiktlig genomgång av Stockholm som finansiellt centrum, regionens politiska ekonomi, medie- och nyhetsmarknaden, den privata byggsektorn, handel och konsumtion, ikt- och life science-industrin samt det politiska beslutsfattandets roll i den regionala utvecklingen. Antologin har för avsikt att vara en ingång till Stockholms industriella och ekonomiska omvandling under efterkrigstiden.

  • 42.
    Sjögren, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Sverige behöver fler som Kamprad2011In: Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Sjögren, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johansson, Dan
    Ratio.
    Family business, GDP and Employment2011In: Business History in Sweden / [ed] Mikael Lönnborg och Paula Rytkönen, Hedermora, Sverige: Gidlunds förlag, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Sjögren, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Levén, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Timing of the Popping: Using the Log-Periodic Power Law Model to Predict the Bursting of Bubbles on Financial Markets2016In: Financial History Review, ISSN 0968-5650, E-ISSN 1474-0052, Vol. 23, no 2, 193-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The occurrence and unpredictability of speculative bubbles on financial markets, and their accompanying crashes, have confounded economists and economic historians worldwide. We examine the ability of the log-periodic power law model (LPPL-model) to accurately predict the end dates of speculative bubbles on financial markets through modeling of asset price dynamics on a selection of historical bubbles. The method is based on a nonlinear least squares estimation which yields predictions of when the bubble will change regime. Previous studies have only presented results where the predictions turn out to be successful. This study is the first to highlight both the potential and the limitations of the LPPL-model.

    We find evidence which support the characteristic patterns as proposed by the LPPL-framework leading up to the change in regime; asset prices during bubble periods seem to oscillate around a faster-than-exponential growth. In most cases the estimation yields accurate predictions, although we conclude that the predictions are quite dependent on the point in time at which the prediction is conducted. We also find that the end of a speculative bubble seems to be influenced by both endogenous speculative growth and exogenous factors. For this reason we propose a new way of interpreting the predictions of the model, where the end dates should be interpreted as the start of a time period where the asset prices are especially sensitive to exogenous events. We propose that negative news during this time period results in a regime shift and the bursting of the bubble. Thus, the model has the ability to predict sensitivity to exogenous events ex-ante. 

  • 45.
    Sjögren, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kishida, Miki
    Setsunan University.
    Has the Control-Oriented Industrial Finance Syste Faded Away? : A Comparative Analysis of Japan and Sweden2009In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, ISSN 0358-5522, Vol. 57, no 2, 156-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares financial groups in Japan and Sweden in order to examine functional and structural changes and continuities since the 1980s. The main question is to what extent controlling blocks and symbiotic relationships to banks have faded away in favor of arm's length distance between actors and a more market-oriented system reminiscent of those in the United Kingdom and the United States. The article gives an insight into how the industrial finance system in Japan and Sweden have responded to the deregulation of the credit market in the 1980s, the financial and industrial crises in the early 1990s and early twenty-first century, and the globalization of markets and businesses. The choice of Japan and Sweden is motivated by the fact that these countries by tradition have been two of the strongest representatives of a control-oriented industrial finance system in the world. In this article, a diachronic and synchronic comparative analysis is used, with focus on four distinctive parameters of the industrial finance system: ownership and control, bank relationships, crisis management and personal networks. The article draws on empirical findings from a variety of sources, including archives.

  • 46.
    Sjögren, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    knutsen, sverre
    BI, Norge.
    Institutional Clash and Financial Fragility2009In: Net Economic Paper SeriesArticle, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Sjögren, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    knutsen, sverre
    BI, Norge.
    Why do banking crises occur? An Evolutionary Model of banking crises2009In: The Swedish financial Revolution / [ed] Anders ögren, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, 1, 272- p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    How did Sweden go from a financially backward country to one with a well functioning financial system? Why did this financial revolution occur after the mid-nineteenth century and not before? This book discusses the role of politics and economics in this change and what it means for economic development, market integration and financial crises.

  • 48.
    Strid, Jan Paul
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tindra: Ett landskap i tidens spegel2009 (ed. 1000)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok handlar om det tidigare militära övningsområdet i Linköping. När området inköptes av Linköpings kommun efter garnisonens nedläggnng 1997 öppnades portarna till ett landskap av stor skönhet och överraskande ålderdomlig prägel - en oas för unika naturupplevelser i stadens närmaste grannskap.

    Boken vill ge bakgrunden till att området genom historien kunnat fungera som en fristad för flora och fauna, men också för fornminnen. Dess historia från forntid till militärtid skildlras med ett rikt illustrationsmaterial i form av kartor, modellbilder och nya och gamla fotografier

    ----

  • 49.
    Suau-Sanchez, Pere
    et al.
    Cranfield University, England.
    Voltes-Dorta, Augusto
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Rodriguez-Deniz, Hector
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Statistics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The role of London airports in providing connectivity for the UK: regional dependence on foreign hubs2016In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 50, 94-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a context of ongoing debate about the future UK aviation policy and its implications for regional economic development, this paper discusses the role of London Heathrow and the South East airports in providing connectivity for the UK, with particular focus on the international markets that originate from regional UK airports. Using an MIDT dataset of worldwide passenger itineraries served by the European airport network during May 2013, we first establish whether London Heathrow can currently be considered the most important hub for the UK, in terms of traffic generation, connectivity, and centrality, while also measuring the dependence of UK regions on foreign airports and airlines to remain connected with the rest of the world. Results show that, despite the competition, London Heathrow benefits from its massive traffic generation to remain the most central gateway for overall UK air transport markets. However, when only regional markets are considered, significant dependence on foreign hubs appears in many destinations, particularly to Asia Pacific or the BRIC countries where above 80% of passengers use transfer flights. These results fit nicely with the observed trends of seat de-concentration and hub-bypassing in the airline industry. While dependence on foreign hubs can be interpreted as a sign of vulnerability, there is also the argument that bypassing Heathrow allows regional airports to develop new markets and reduce the level of congestion in the London airport system. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 50.
    Svensson, Börje
    Linköping University.
    The Magic Molecule: that has improved the lives of millions2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Millions of people all over the world are granted better vision thanks to a seemingly magic molecule. The molecule makes it possible to remove the eye’s lens and replace it with an artificial one. Cataracts are the cause of most lens replacements. The disease clouds the lens which in turn blurs vision. Until the early 1980’s, lens transplants were a very complicated affair, so much so that many eye surgeons avoided the procedure altogether. The revolutionary events that have taken place since, now allow surgeons to perform a lens transplant in less than 15 minutes, the results of which are successful nearly every single time. This medical breakthrough was made possible by the magic molecule described in this book.

    The same molecule has also helped to ease ailing knees affected by arthritis. Despite the controversial nature of the molecule’s use in treating arthritis, the fact remains that many of the millions of people treated yearly report significant relief as a result. Furthermore, the molecule’s use in treating joints is not limited to those of humans, but also includes horses. Then working as product manager for the Swedish pharmaceutical company Pharmacia, I was personally involved in introducing Healonid® Vet., a product based on the magic molecule, into the French equestrian market some forty years ago.

    As if eyes, knees and horses were not enough, the magic molecule has even revolutionized the global beauty industry during the past twenty years. Commonly used as the main ingredient in dermal fillers, the molecule has enabled many of the most successful wrinkle reducing products developed by world leading companies.

    The magic molecule I speak of is a sugar molecule called hyaluronic acid. The modern term for the molecule is hyaluronan, often shortened HA. For the purposes of this book, the term hyaluronic acid will be used, since this is still the term most frequently used. Hyaluronic acid is found in a number of areas within the human body. In the human skin, hyaluronic acid works as a moisturizing and filling agent. In the human joint it acts as a lubricant and shock absorber. It is also found in the eye and the umbilical cord. Hyaluronic acid is also found in sources outside the human body. The hyaluronic acid described in this book originates from rooster combs or synthetically, through a process of bacterial fermentation.

    Hyaluronic acid was discovered in 1934 by Karl Meyer and John Palmer, researchers at Columbia University. A Hungarian researcher by the name of Endre Balazs was the first to develop hyaluronic acid for commercial use. In 1943, Balazs received a patent for a method using fluid from knee joints of cows to be used as an egg white substitute in baking. The product itself was not very successful, but Balazs was inspired to search for other commercial uses for hyaluronic acid. In particular, he was eager to discover medical benefits of its use. Endre Balazs is still driven by this eagerness, at 95 years of age. Throughout his career, he has successfully transformed research into practical benefit to an extent that most researchers only dream of.

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