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  • 1.
    Ablahad, Marlen
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Bära Sorg Föra Liv: En studie om begravningsritualer bland syrianer/assyrier i hemlandet och i Sverige.2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes the phases of funeral rituals between the Syrian/Assyrian, and compares the homeland with Sweden. It describes the stage of rituals according to Victor Turner schema of separation, margin or limin, and aggregation. The rituals religious significance agrees with Clifford Geertz’s theory about the importance of religious beliefs for the human being

  • 2.
    Alm, Björn
    Socialantropologiska institutionen, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms universitet.
    The un/selfish leader: Changing notions in a Tamil Nadu village2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'The un/selfish' leader explores notions of selfishness, as they were perceived by people in the village of Ekkaraiyur, Tamil Nadu, India, at a time they associated with thorough changes in their lives.

    Discussing locally held notions about agrarian change, seen as causing the erosion of earlier village loyalties and leading to the emergence of a new type of leaders, the study focus on the censure of the alleged corruption of these leaders. Expressed in a rich repertoire of stories about the ideals of leadership and about the excellence of the past and foreign societies, the censure was routinely voiced in public debates and in everyday conversations.

    Set against a background an increasing role of the state for the people in Ekkaraiyur, the censure of leaders implied a critique of the contemporary society they were taken to represent. Moreover, the study argues that the critique was grounded in evaluations of individualism and selfishness in human nature.

    The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Ekkaraiyur between 1988 and 1990

  • 3.
    Alphonce, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Uncovered Faith: Examples of Sunni Muslim Beliefs in Adana, Turkey2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about uncovered women's faith and worship in an urban setting in contemporary Turkey. It researches the possibility of any common factors for uncovered Sunni Muslims' faith and worship as well as what parts of classical Muslim faith they have found negotiable. The essay relates to current literature and research on the topic as well as provides an insider perspective based on interviews with Turkish women.

  • 4.
    Alphonce, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Äktenskap i Adana, Turkiet: Attraktion eller arrangemang?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about marriages in an urban setting in contemporary Turkey. It exemplifies how a marriage arrangement is done and whether the migration into cities from the country has influenced them. I will mainly give an insider perspective by interviewing Turkish women but the essay also relates to articles about modernization’s effects on marriage forms.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Janicke
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Konsten att leva längre: Föreställningar om livets förändring i handböcker 1700-19302007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore discursive changes in conceptions of life course and ageing. I am particularly concerned with the relationship between knowledge and power in the distribution of prolongevity and body- technologies, and as referential frame in the definition of normal and deviant bodies and behaviour. Following the historical processes this study includes advisory literature in the field of prolongevity from 1700-1930. As a conclusion I have distinguished four categories of legends in the material. In analyzing the legends: Antediluvian legends, Hyperborean legends, Fountain legends, and Centenarian legends. The legends of prolongevity intermediate ideas of human ageing in, and between cultures, On a meta-level there has been three discourses intertwining each other in the making of present images on prolongevity and successful ageing: Religion, Science and The Natural. In e discursive struggle during the studied years those components have been competing for domination and space on the prolongevity agenda. The advices reflect a belief in the possibility to transform by means of moderation and harmony; a belief that grew in the eighteenth century and enhanced during the following centuries. The aim was to improve human nature to an ennobled version of her self according to divine standards. Prolongevity was in 1700-1930 a question of reaching a pre-designated length of life given by God or Nature. Today we do not believe in pre-designated life-length we only believe in prolongation. We do want the paradise but we want it here on earth, and we want to be in charge.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Det otänkbara i att dansa med en afrikan utan taktkänsla och få sin pizza bakad av en svensk: – om fördomar och rasism2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through this study I will attempt to show how a public might understand and relate to prejudice, racism and discrimination. How perceptions about ethnicity, race and nationality relate to cultural differences and how othering and stereotypes are being motivated by the informants and how they view them. The participating informants generally show significant tolerance towards others, but also show clear tendencies of othering and in-group bias. In their interpretation of “the cultural other”, assumptions and reasoning suggests that they are based on collective and individual group stereotypes. They do not accept interpersonal racism and discrimination but are seemingly unaware of what constitutes and creates structural discrimination and they are more tolerant towards discrimination based on economic interest. 

  • 7.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Från segregation till segregation: En familjs ackulturation i en mångkulturell miljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hageby is a district in Norrköping, which is mainly perceived as segregated with a large number of inhabitants of foreign origin. It's also associated with low socioeconomic status, criminality, high unemployment and social exclusion. The external perception of the area is mainly negative, whilst the internal experiences and views, on the contrary are quite positive. Some internal conflicts, based on ethnicity and religion is clearly present here, but most informants expresses a positive view of the Swedish people, though many have little opportunity to interact with ethnic Swedes. Living in a multicultural area, seems for many of the local inhabitants to be something partly positive. For newcomers living there, closeness to family and their ethnic group, also helps soften the stress of settling in and adjusting to a new community. Extensive research shows that living in a segregated area, tend to slow the integration process, having negative effect on learning the new language, developing networks necessary for finding work, understanding of and full participation in society. Newer the less, my informants show that living in a segregated area, does not necessarily have these effects on an individual level. Although the extended influence of negative stereotyping of the area and the people who live there, tend to have an effect on self image and the construction of identity.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Svärmorsdröm goes Punk: En studie om den senmoderna människan2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the late modern man's opinions manifest themselves with regards to education, work, leisure, travel, consumption and faith. Furthermore, I examine whether the informants and their views may be linked to Mary Douglas's cultural theory of cultural types. I also want to analyze whether they are classifiable as David Brooks` recently introduced type, BoBos. Finally, I examine whether my informantsare typical of today's late modern society.

    The conclusion I came to was that the informants are typical of today's late modern society and that they usefully can be referred to as BoBos. They are individualistic, relativistic and partly paradoxical, which is apparent in their views of themselves as being classifiable as a group.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Trend eller Etik - Vad styr?: En studie om ekologisk medvetenhet och vilka som besitter den2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether the informants interviewed for the study believe that ecological awareness is a trend or a permanent aspect of the clothing industry and whether ecological thinking manifests itself in the work and private life of the informants.  The interviews investigated their views on environmental issues and the ethical aspects of organic production. Similarly, analysis of informants can be categorized as an analysis of a newly introduced cultural type, Bobo.

    The conclusion I achieved was that the informants have an ecological awareness which manifests itself in their work and personal life. Their views and awareness can be characterized as boboitian and is considered to be timely for today's society.

  • 10.
    Andersson Sköld, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Livet med gränsen: Norsk närvaros påverkan på gränskommunen Strömstad2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing globalization and mobility has reduced as well as enhanced the significance of borders. The Swedish-Norwegian border has barely changed in the last 350 years. During this time both national and cultural identities have been created. Strömstad’s location at the national border creates a situation where it is affected by national events in a different way than most of Sweden and at the same time Strömstad is strongly influenced by the national politics of another state.

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the Norwegian presence on Strömstad from a social and cultural perspective. Most noticeable are the effects in the financial sector; however effects can also be seen in the way the borderers see themselves as well as their community.

  • 11.
    Andersson Sköld, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Water usage behaviour and discourse in Cambodia2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Asia and the mortality and morbidity due to lack of improved water supply sources are high. Improvement in this area could better the situation for many Cambodians and as a consequence better the situation for the state of Cambodia.

    The purpose of this thesis is to depict how water issues are being handled in Cambodia. This is done from an anthropological point of view and as a result the focus is on the interviewees of this study. Issues that will be of interest are water consumption and management behaviour, and their explanations. Thoughts and knowledge on water treatments, water safety and how to prevent water related health issues will also be of interest. Other important aspects are sanitation, garbage and the work of non-governmental organizations and the Royal Government of Cambodia. The field work was carried out though interviews and observations in three main areas, urban Phnom Penh, Khsach Kandal and Angk Snuol.

    The result focuses on risk behaviour and behaviour change and shows that there is a lack of knowledge among the people I talked to when it comes to water related health risks. There is a big mistrust in the quality of the water and most people regard boiling a necessity before drinking the water. However, storage is generally the big problem as well as lack of information on how, where and why water gets contaminated.

    Another problem that emerged is that there is a lack of financial commitment from the Royal Government of Cambodia and much work is done by NGOs which might be the reason for conflicting and confusing messages towards the public.

  • 12.
    Annersten, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Lönearbetet, Arbetslösheten och Möllevången: En studie i arbetslöshetens vardag och dess platser2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is divided into three parts – the development of wage labour towards becoming the dominant norm in society, how this norm is challenged in a specific geographical context, and lastly a study of two unemployed individuals and their everyday activities, what and especially why certain behaviour occurs. The main purpose with the text is to study unemployed people in a specific geographical context in a overall society where wage labour is thought to be the norm. Questions that is being asked is how the unemployed individual works in a society where wage labour is the dominant activity for the day. This is connected to a study of Möllevången, a district of Malmö, where the wage labour norm can be thought of as being challenged. Employment and unemployment is categorised as part of the same activity, in a perspective they share the same functions, the demand for spending time in the system and they constitute, in principle, the only ways of earning a living, the wage or unemployment benefit, which both comes with similar demands towards the individual.

  • 13.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Att leva i nuet: förvärvad hjärnskada, hopp(löshet) & identitet2011In: Diagnos och Identitet / [ed] Georg Drakos, Lars-Christer Hydén, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2011, 1, p. 78-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Traphagan, John
    Dept. of religious studies, University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Ethnocultural contextualization of dementia care: cross-cultural perceptions on the notion of self.2015In: Care Management Journals, ISSN 1521-0987, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 62-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Antoncich, Ivan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Resan med FC Nörd: Gemenskap i utanförskap2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I will in this paper to use my own experience and my own perspective to retell that which can be crucial to a football team must clear all obstacles in front of him . What that might mean for untrained individuals to be in a group and try to act as a group . What leadership role mean for a group or whatever it may cause problems if that becomes the leader does not know how a leader should be or what its role is in fotboll.vad it means to be in a group and what it takes to a group to work as a team.

  • 16.
    Antoncich, Ivan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Resan med FC Nörd: Gemenskap i utanförskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay i will retell my experience and my view on what can be crucial for a soccer team to clear all obstacles in front of a team. The paper focus on how different individuals kan create a unity and kinship when they share a context when they are viewed as outsiders in the society. The unity in the exclusion connects to theories about ethnic groups and group structures.

  • 17.
    Asklöf, Linn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Slöjan: om "av-slöjning": – En uppsats om unga, obeslöjade, svensk-muslimska kvinnors syn på slöjan och slöjdebatten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents four not-/unveiled Swedish Muslim women's perceptions and experiences regarding the headscarf, the choice not to wear a headscarf, and the dominant understanding of the headscarf in Swedish society. Drawing on narratives of these women, this study aims to examine what it is that lies behind the choice not to wear the veil. Qualitative semi-structured interview was used as method for the collection of empirical data, and empirically guided thematic approach to the analysis of it. Moreover, set out from theoretical concepts of identity, classification, symbols, norms and social control, the obtained data is discussed.

    The participants in this study explains that they have never felt forced to wear the veil. They are of the opinion that one does not have to wear a headscarf in order to identify oneself as Muslim women. Islam, or ones level of religiosity, is not connected with a headscarf, rather, ones relationship as a Muslim is between that person and God. Moreover, the result indicates that the informants born in countries categorized as Muslim countries have been more affected by the Swedish secular society and its norms than those born in countries not categorized as Muslim countries. Nevertheless, they all fear potential rejection, negative sanctions and aggressions of society, causing them to stand by the decision not to wear a veil.            

  • 18.
    Avander, Tom
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Hederskultur och dess uttryck inom idrott och- hälsa: I skuggan av ett jämställt samhälle2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in social anthropology aims to study the phenomenon of culture of honor and how it expresses itself in sports and swimming lessons in elementary school, grade 7-9. With qualitative method and semi structured interviews this thesis presents the perspective of three physical educational teachers considering the culture of honor, as well as the perspective of a school counselor and the perspective of a social worker. The perspectives of the informants are based on their experiences and meetings with situations related to the culture of honor in their work related environment, and how that in turn has formed their perception of the culture of honor. Theory of patriarchy are useful for understanding the culture of honors, and with help of the legislation, education acts and previous research, the empirical material in this study is discussed which demonstrates an honorary based oppression against pupils with a non-Swedish cultural background.

  • 19.
    Avrahami, Dina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vi dansar inte på bordet: Lesbiska invandrarkvinnor i Sverige: stigmatisering & stolthet2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research was carried out during the years 200-2004. The theoretical basis of the thesis is found within the fields of Lesbian Studies and IMER-studies (studies of International Migration and Ethnic Relations). In the thesis the life experiences of 21 informants, originating from 15 different countries are studied. The 21 informants are all immigrant women living in Sweden. The point of departure of the research is that of sexuality and migration.

    The main questions of the research are: through which processes do women obtain consciousness about their lesbian orientation, how do they “learn “to “be” lesbians and within which social context do these processes take place? Answers to these questions are given through an analysis of the life experiences of the 21 informants. The analysis is focuses on the connection and the interaction between lesbianism and migration.

    The study is ethnographic and qualitative. The narrative method is applied to obtain the empirical material containing transcribed interviews and notes from participant observation. Theories of social relationship, heteronormativity, stigmatization, agency, and migration are applied.

    The study shows that the informants’ experience of stigmatization and marginalization are very similar irrespective of which society they grew up in. Marginalization of lesbian women is very much a consequence of social structure, which oppresses female sexuality. It is through the coming out process that lesbian women “learn” to “be” lesbian. Stigmatization is the social context in which the lesbian women becomes aware of her sexual orientation and grows into conscious lesbian. It is through conscious action (agency) that she alters her social position in the margin and becomes an independent and proud lesbian subject. In the course of this process she seeks contact with other homosexuals (women and men) and she develops a sense of belonging to a group of people who share similar life experiences of stigmatization on the grounds of their homosexuality. This feeling is crucial for the establishment of a lesbian community, irrespective of ethnic and national background. The lesbian community (and gay community as a whole) is international.

  • 20.
    Baez Ullberg, Susann
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, CRISMART (Nationellt Centrum för Krishanteringsstudier).
    Skill, Karin
    Antropología de la Universidad de California en Santa Cruz, USA..
    The Asamblea: Social Protest and Political Mobilization in Contemporary Argentina2017In: Meeting Ethnography : Meetings as Key Technologies of Contemporary Governance, Development, and Resistance / [ed] Jen Sandler och Renita Thedvall, London, New York: Routledge , 2017, 1, p. 69-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Berner, Boel
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Effektivare vård på distans med multidisciplinära medicinska videokonferenser?2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 23-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användning av telemedicin förväntas möjliggöra access till expertråd oavsett var patienten eller läkaren befinner sig geografiskt. I artikeln analyseras, utifrån intervjuer med specialistläkare vid ett universitetssjukhus, hur en form av telemedicin, multidisciplinära videokonferenser mellan olika sjukhus, påverkar beslut och relationer i vården. Begrepp som ”artikuleringsarbete”, ”tyst integrering” och ”skript” används för att förstå beslutsfattandet på distans. Artikeln visar att effektivitet i vården kan tolkas på olika sätt, tar upp hur samarbete mellan specialområden uppfattas samt visar på ambivalenser vad gäller centralisering eller decentralisering av medicinsk kunskap mellan sjukhus med teknikens hjälp.

  • 22.
    Björk, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ”Det är inte gay om man inte ser varandra i ögonen”: en kritisk undersökning av maskulinitet, våld och intimitet inom MMA2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts about masculinity and violence are closely connected in today´s society, and have been so historically as well. The purpose of this essay is to study how these connections influence men who practice and compete in MMA and how this affects their construction of  masculinities. By the study of these men’s attitudes towards violence, masculinity and intimacy within MMA, this study aims to clarify the discourse that has developed in a martial arts club in Sweden. The conclusion of this study is that a seemingly contradictory image of violence and intimacy is produced in this discourse. Inside the MMA discourse there is room for physical intimacy between men in a way that is rarely accepted in society at large. At the same time their attitudes towards violence can be explained by the fact that the practitioners separate violent actions from aggression and therefor do not view these actions as violence. 

  • 23.
    Björk, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    "Ett hav av vithet": Om betydelsen av etnicitet vid identitetddkapande.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary western society questions about ethnicity, identity and whiteness are constantly present. In many European countries political success for nationalist right wing parties once again reveal questions about ethnic belonging, what this actually means and what consequences it has for society. The purpose of this essay is to study how four young women, who trace their own or their parents origin in another country, experiences processes of identification regarding preconceptions about ethnicity and whiteness. Through interviews with these women the questions if they have experienced ethnicity as being important in there identification process, how they have experienced feelings of being denied full access to the Swedish society and how they view their future in light of this political development, are analysed. The conclusion of this study is in essence that ethnicity was not always important for them, but society made it important when they became older. Further more, that it is not a question about ethnicity instead it is about deviating bodies and that their thoughts about the future evolve around a ”homeland” which others see as theirs but they themselves do not.

  • 24.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Buy or barter? Illegal yet licit purchases of work in contemporary Sweden2013In: Focaal: European Journal of Anthropology, ISSN 0920-1297, E-ISSN 1558-5263, Vol. 2013, no 66, p. 75-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the tensions between buying and bartering a ser vice in contemporary Sweden by analyzing the acceptable purchase of svart arbete —informal exchanges of work. It is a commonplace phenomenon, but also widely debated, as it is seen as detrimental to welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals and solidarity with fellow citizens. Settling the svart deal with money makes the links to market and state domains more pertinent. Even cash-settled deals are therefore often referred to as barters to create a reverse disentanglement, away from the formal market and moved closer to the realm of social exchanges. The informants express a verbal creativity in a joking manner. Exploring synonyms and metaphors reveals the informality, but the talk also shows that, as exchanges, they are part of everyday life. The article thus describes how illegal yet licit exchanges of work are articulated.

  • 25.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cleaning (in) the Swedish Black Market2012In: Anthropology in Action, ISSN 0967-201X, E-ISSN 1752-2285, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 8-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hiring home cleaning is a contested phenomenon in Sweden and increasingly so when informally recompensed. During the last decade, pigdebatten (the maid debate), a proposal for subsidized, paid home cleaning has divided the public debate along political lines as well as in terms of gender and class. Drawing on the historical notions of what type of work an economy includes (and excludes), this article addresses the contestation of paid home cleaning as a transaction of work. How do buyers negotiate and justify svart (black market) cleaning as an acceptable transaction in time and space when separating the public from the private? This case study is based on interviews with a group of women indicted for having bought cleaning services from an immigrant without a working permit, a case that created a heated media debate in 2003 and 2004.

  • 26.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Common sense‘ at the Swedish Tax Agency.: Transactional boundaries separating taxable and tax-free income.2015In: Critical Perspectives on Accounting, ISSN 1045-2354, E-ISSN 1095-9955, Vol. 31, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does a tax collecting agency distinguish between taxable and tax-free income when the law says that all that all exchanges having value, regardless of compensationmode, are seen to constitute income? ‘‘By using our common sense’’ proposed one of the Swedish Tax Agency’s legal experts. Common sense is here used as a frame for the boundary work that the Agency engage in-based on legislation, courtroom decisions, and praxis-while it pays attention to what Swedish taxpayers see as legitimate to tax. Six transactional boundaries are proposed that in different constellations distinguish the taxable trade from a helping hand. The analysis is based on an ethnography of publicly available documentation, rules, and regulations regarding income tax at the Agency’s website. An ethnographic approach to these documents that are available to all taxpayers represents an apprehension of, and empathy for, the analytical concerns of both Agency and taxpayers. These documents represent the Agency as a collective of voices with a diligent aim to convey the same message for all taxpayers.

  • 27.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mind the (tax) gap: an ethnography of a number2017In: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 419-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article looks carefully at the making of the tax gap as a calculative practice at the Swedish Tax Agency. It points to the challenges with assessing tax gap numbers and reveals examples of its careless usage by various stakeholders in Swedish society in order to impact the discourse on tax compliance. Based on an ethnographic study of documents, it is an example of a number that performs a dual function: on the one hand mobilizing people’s morals and subsequent commitments and on the other hand measuring such commitments. On a more general level, the tax gap is an example of how a number that describes a complicated reality is calculated with many caveats attached to it, yet used with certainty in society. I thus challenge the metaphor of the ubiquitous ‘black box’. The Swedish tax gap number is a calculated device and can be unpacked as a specific number. But if we think about what a tax gap ought to contain, we have to think outside the box and beyond: what was not included in the published tax gap number and why there was no room for it.

  • 28.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Moulding Knowledge into a Legal Complex: Para-ethnography at the Swedish Tax Agency2013In: Journal of Business Anthropology, ISSN 2245-4217, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 209-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation of a functioning welfare state is a tax system that is widely accepted and considered to be fair and legitimate. How and by what means a tax collecting agency interprets the laws are thus seen to have an impact on taxpayers’ willingness to pay. This article addresses the various practices, knowledge and forms of data that the Swedish Tax Agency applies in a risk assessment project, against a background of the Agency’s on-going endeavour for legitimacy. This article shows how its methods not only entail taking account of massive amounts of Tax Agency regulations, research, and statistical results to follow, but also reveals how stories, hunches and examples from media and everyday life coalesce to affect those methods. So, too, with the ethnographer’s role: how is she to deal with knowledge production within a governmental organization whose employees read, and also learn from, what she writes.

  • 29.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Shaping Taxpayers: Values in action at the Swedish Tax Agency2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do you make taxpayers comply? This ethnography is a vivid account of one of the most esteemed Swedish bureaucracies – the Swedish Tax Agency. In its aim to collect taxes and minimize tax faults, the Agency mediates the application of tax law while it strives vigorously to obtain legitimacy in society. The book follows one risk assessment project up-close; from its inception, through the research phase, in presentations throughout the Agency to its final abandonment as the results and conclusions reached did not align with the Agency’s strategies. Following this project reveals how diverse knowledge claims – legal, economic, cultural – compete to shape taxpayer behaviour.

  • 30.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svart arbete and Informal Economy: Fiscal Anthropologist Lotta Björklund Larsen. Interview by Ritu Khanduri.2011In: Anthropology News, ISSN 1541-6151, E-ISSN 1556-3502, Vol. 52, no 7, p. 36-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    SWEDEN: Failure of a Cooperative Compliance Project?2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines the Swedish  cooperative  compliance  project Fördjupad  samverkan  - FS (enhanced collaboration) introduced in 2011 and the modified initiative relaunched as Fördjupad dialog – FD (enhanced dialogue) in 2014. It describes how the Swedish Tax Agency proposed an initiative that carried with it international success stories from similar projects, but in the Swedish version and context met with strong resistance and is now put on hold awaiting proposed changes in the law. This chronological trajectory teases out issues that impact tax compliance among large corporations and perhaps also among ordinary taxpayers in Swedish society. Based on these issues, I suggest eight aspects that have to be paid attention to when implementing cooperative compliance initiatives. These aspects seldom stand alone but are drawn upon in various combinations making criticism possible.

  • 32.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The making of a ‘good deal’: dealing with conflicting and complementary values when getting the car repaired informally in Sweden2013In: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 6, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic rationality and reciprocal help are values that are often posed as contradictory within exchanges. However, there are instances when these values work in tandem, such as when justifying informal purchases of work, svart arbete, in contemporary Sweden. Svart arbete are omnipresent exchanges in Swedish society, and there are many reasons for performing them. On the one hand, a good deal is part of everyday social life when people help each other. On the other hand, a good deal also reinforces views that economic rationalities are values that do not exclusively adhere to formal markets. This article focuses on the values that construct the ‘good deal’ when getting your car fixed informally. These overlapping and somewhat contradictory values in theory, but commonplace in practice, illustrate how notions of reciprocity and economic calculations interweave and are difficult to entangle one from the other. The ‘good deal’ thus concerns how illegal, yet licit purchases of services are made acceptable when posing them as cheap and simple transactions that simultaneously invoke a realm of closer relations.

  • 33.
    Borgwardt, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Den riktiga jakten: ett livslångt lärande2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in social anthropology is based on interviews with four hunters from the middle of Sweden. It is about how the hunters get their traditional knowledge and how important it is to grow up and live in rural areas for the knowledge and understanding of hunting. The essay is also about the difference between the hunters from rural areas and the hunters from urban areas. It also examines how the rural hunters speak about the true and real hunter.

  • 34.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Language, Culture and Maternity Care: "Troubling" Interpretation in an Institutional Context2015In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 58-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses language interpretation in the context of maternity health care. By scrutinising how maternity health care staff reflects upon their experiences from the everyday institutional setting, the article shows that they are caught between a discourse on language interpretation as migrants’ rights and a racialised discourse where language is intertwined with notions of ‘otherness’. As such, language interpretation becomes subsumed into a range of different practices that seek to discipline migrant women to meet the demands from Swedish society. In the article, therefore, the everyday practice by the health care staff is looked upon as a form of citizenship-making, and the article emphasises how racialised discourses take different shapes in different institutional contexts. Thus, the article shows that the practice of language interpretation cannot, in this context, be fully understood without including the larger socio-political context.

  • 35.
    Brown, Nathalie
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Improving maternal healthcare: A fieldwork-based research of a collaborative project between Sweden and India2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to explore a collaborative project between Sweden and India, a project that is working with improving maternal health care in India. I focused on investigating how the project worked in practice, how they worked for improving the situation for Indian midwives and for pregnant women. This investigation was performed during a two month fieldwork in India where I got the opportunity to meet and interview several people connected to the project. The focus has been primarily on the “Master Trainers”, i.e. Indian midwives who have taken part in a training program in Sweden and in India, and who will function as teachers to other Indian midwives, regarding their perceptions about the project and its achievements.

  • 36.
    Brown, Nathalie
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Risk och fosterdiagnostik: En antropologisk studie inom mödrahälsovården2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore perceptions of risk within the maternal health care. It deals with how midwives and their patients understand risks associated with and around a pregnancy and how they handle it. One of the methods to manage risk is to use prenatal diagnosis, which aim is to identify risk pregnancies. The focus has been primarily on midwives regarding how they transfer their knowledge about risk and prenatal diagnosis to their patients, how they give advice and how they perceive the impact it has on their patients and their reactions.

  • 37.
    Carlestål, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för kulturantropologi och etnologi.
    La Famiglia - The Ideology of Sicilian Family Networks2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Anthropological data from fieldwork carried out among a fishing population in western Sicily show how related matrifocal nuclear families are tightly knit within larger, male-headed networks. The mother focus at the basic family level is thereby balanced and the system indicates that the mother-child unit does not function effectively on its own, as has often been argued for this type of family structure. As a result of dominating moral values which strongly emphasise the uniqueness of family and kin, people are brought up to depend heavily upon and to be loyal to their kin networks, to see themselves primarily as parts of these social units and less so as independent clearly bounded individuals, and to distinctly separate family members from non-family members. This dependence is further strengthened by matri- and/or patrivicinity being the dominant form of locality, by the traditional naming system as well as a continual use of kin terms, and by related people socialising and collaborating closely. The social and physical boundaries thus created around the family networks are further strengthened by local architecture that symbolically communicates the closed family unit; by the woman, who embodies her family as well as their house, having her outdoor movements restricted in order to shield both herself and her family; by self-mastery when it comes to skilfully calculating one's actions and words as a means of controlling the impression one makes on others; and by local patriotism that separates one's co-villagers from foreigners. Hospitality, which brings inclusion and exclusion into focus, is shown to be a means of ritually incorporating non-kin and thus containing the danger the stranger represents.

    The author aims to answer the question of whether the social and physical boundaries around the family network, together with the distrust towards non-family members referred to by the informants themselves, constitute a hindrance as regards collaboration with non-kin, or if collaboration beyond the family boundaries is possible and, if so, whether or not this has to lead to the family's losing its position.

  • 38.
    Chase, Elaine
    et al.
    International Development Centre, University College London, London, UK.
    Otto, Laura
    Institut für Ethnologie und Kulturwissenschaft, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Belloni, Milena
    Department of Sociology, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.
    Lems, Annika
    Max-Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/ Saale, Germany; Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Wernesjö, Ulrika
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Methodological innovations, reflections and dilemmas: The hidden sides of research with migrant young people classified as unaccompanied minors2019In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers some behind-the-scenes insights drawn from the collective fieldwork experiences of the contributors to this Special Issue. These include reflections on: how decisions about modes of accessing research participants fundamentally shape the research process and outcomes; the pitfalls of only focusing on young people’s migratory experiences while ignoring the multiple other dimensions to their lives; how we can best capture and represent young people’s often paradoxical vulnerability and agency; the relative merits of methodological innovations increasingly integrated into work with marginalised and hard to reach communities; and, finally, our own positionality when conducting research with migrant young people and the importance of taking account of how our own subjective, political, philosophical and ethical standpoints influence our interactions throughout our research endeavours. These contributions seek to promote greater reflexivity and transparency among academics conducting ethnographically driven research with young people in the context of forced migration.

  • 39.
    de Alencar, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Hunden gör som husse, skiter på systemet – eller...?: Missbrukare, subkultur och stigmatisering2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will focus on drug addicts and the world as they see it. The essay is based on intervjues with three men and one woman and participant observation of the three men´s social life in the surroundings of Stockholm. The informants’ opinions and experiences are central as well as the observations made of them during an intensive fieldwork. The study which was of an exploring character has revealed a complex relationship between the informants and society. The concepts of subculture and stigmatization seem equally central in the social life and perception of life of these drug addicts. The intricate relationship between the two needs further study before a model of the interrelationship can be presented. In a final discussion of the results of the study with the informants they confirm that they see themselves both as part of a subculture and stigmatized by society.

    The study also includes some ethical reflections on the role of the investigator in relation to informants who are drug addicts.

  • 40.
    de Alencar, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Ska du verkligen komma in?: Missbrukare och deras relationer till majoritetssamhället2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will focus on drug addicts and their relations to the majority society in Sweden. The concepts of “subculture” and “stigmatization” applied to drug addicts are central in the analysis. The essay is based on interviews with two different groups of informants: one consisting of drug addicts and the other of non-addicts. The essay describes, analyses and interprets the informants’ ways of relating to society and the observed tendencies of being a part of a subculture as well as obejcts of stigmatization, both individual and structural.

  • 41.
    Dianne, Mwanje
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
    Smokeless homes: Challenges for Increasing Use of Improved Biomass Cookstoves in Kisumu, Kenya.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Kenya, 69 percent of populations depend on biomass fuels to meet their cooking needs. The incomplete combustion of biomass is performed in insufficiently ventilated settings thus exposing human health and environment to toxic pollution. To date, women and children in resource limited settings have been most vulnerable to severe respiratory infections. The promotion of the Improved Biomass Cookstoves has become a popular issue in policy, research and practice. Community Based Organizations have however faced serious challenges in increasing sustainable use of the cookstoves among users. This qualitative study investigates the role of Community Based Organizations in promoting the Improved Biomass Cookstoves through women’s empowerment initiatives. It applies focus group interviews, questionnaire and formal interviews. 11 interview forms were administered to 30 women, 2 key informants and 3 implementing Community Based Organization representatives in Dunga wetland community. A combination of previous research and this empirical study show that economic resources, small diameter stove designs as well as insufficient policy support hinder effective stove programmes. While there is general adoption, women lack sufficient income and ownership of land which is a significant resource to empowerment. Women informal financial networks are instrumental in driving behavioral change towards clean cooking in the community. Sufficient gender sensitive policy intervention and support can provide effective channels to ensure sustainable incomes of women, livelihoods and stove use.

  • 42.
    Didanovic Nilsson, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Är blod tjockare än vatten?: En kvalitativ studie om familjen och den biologiska betydelsen.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    Titel: Is blood thicker than water? A qualitative study of the family and the biological significance.

    Author: Lotta Didanovic Nilsson

     

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate whether, and if so, why it is so important for individuals to get to know their biological parents. The point of departure has been people who have grown up with one of their biological parents and met the other biological parent only as an adult. I have chosen to look at what happens in this meeting and how the people involved reacted and were affected by this. What controls and shapes the individual/group, such as the media, family-policy, social structures and what is considered proper procedure in a certain context and at different levels will also be discussed. The study is qualitative with semi-structured interviews with six informants, myself included. Therefore, this thesis will be an auto-ethnography as my own history and my experience is lifted and analysed together with my informants’. The results show a multi-faceted picture where the conclusion I draw is that the biological plays an important role for the parent- and child-relationship but perhaps for other reasons than we have previously thought. It further requires a social context on a day to day-basis for this relationship to become something significant and deep.

  • 43.
    Elwin, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att lita på andras blodgåva: Åsikter om att homosexuella män i praktiken nekas donera blod2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor Thesis investigates the perceptions nurses and homosexual men, respectively, have concerning the rules for blood donation, focusing on the fact that homosexual men in practice aren't able to donate blood. The study was conducted using qualitative interviews.

    The results emphasise that my informants classify blood and people differently, where both foreign and Swedish blood are rated on potential risk of infection. Nurses and homosexual men also handle the various rules differently, the nurses placing greater focus on protecting receivers of blood. At the same time nurses, like the homosexual men, find the rules discriminatory and based on the prejudice that homosexual men have a riskier lifestyle than others relating to infection. In reality, there can be no certainty in knowing if someone is honest when answering the health declaration which is meant to help the blood bank weed out unsuitable donors.

    The issue of blood donation by homosexual men can be approached from different angles and is therefore a complex topic without an easy solution, especially since current testing cannot detect the HIV virus immediately after transmission. In contrast, my informants emphasise that everyone should be judged on individual behaviour instead of collectively; for example, homosexual men in monogamous relationships should also be able to donate blood.

  • 44.
    Elwin, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Homosexualitetens baksida: En skildring om hur homosexualitet hanteras i vardagen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines what strategies homosexual men and women use to meet other homosexuals. By using the method of qualitative semi-structured interview and talking with 3 men born before 1952 as well as 3 men and 3 women born between 1979 and 1989, the result shows the informants have and uses strategies in different ways.

    The informants experience that society is heteronormative and therefor the process of “coming out” have been a meaningful part of their life. It is in this process of their forming of identity strategies become especially noticeable to themselves. The result highlights that strategies varies depending on what time in society they are used. Before 1979 when homosexuality was considered a disease certain strategies were needed. At the time certain meeting places, symbols and signals were used to attract the “right” people. Nowadays when homosexuality is accepted by society certain strategies are still used to avoid being exposed to violence. In addition to gay clubs, internet and apps are used as meeting places. Certain meeting places, clothes, language and signals in the form of for examples gestures remain within the physical room but have changed over time.

    The conclusion which have been drawn is that there is a need to use strategies to hide ones homosexuality while at the same time highlight it for the right people but that the strategies varies with the changing of society. Symbols used ten years ago does not necessarily mean the same thing to day and internet and apps have replaced the need for usage of symbols to a higher degree.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Att se utsatta elever: Tre skolkuratorers perspektiv på hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in Social Anthropology is based on interviews with three school-councelors. It´s about their experiences and perceptions of honour-related violence and oppression. Honour-problemacy has it´s roots in the dominance of the collective over the individual, patriarchal patterns and collision between cultures. The school has a large responsibility to see the exposed students, but there are different opinions on who are the exposed. Normally, girls are seen as the victims of the violence of the father and brothers in their families, but the experiences of school-councelors show that all individuals in families where honour-related violence and oppression exists, seems to be perticipants in the violence, and that the boys also can be the victims.

  • 46.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Hjältar och Offer: Om hedersliv, förtryck och frihet2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis in Social Anthropology is based on interviews with four young men with their roots in the “honour-culture”. Three of them are members of “Sharaf Hjältar” (“Sharaf Heroes”) and are actively fighting honour-related oppression. Included in the study is also a field-study of the work of Sharaf Hjältar, consisting of seminars. The focus are on the personal experiences of the above-mentioned young men, from growing up in families inside the honour-culture, their work in Sharaf Hjältar, and their experiences in relation to their views of other’s. The last mentioned part includes both immigrants and Swedes, male and female, and closely related as well as, for the interviewed young men unknown individuals. Sharaf Hjältar is a sub-organisation to Elektra, that strives to change attitudes among young men, as only supporting exposed girls isn’t enough. Despite Elektra having a stereo-typical basic view where the girls are usually seen as victims, and boys and men as perpetrators, the interviewed young men’s experiences – direct as well as indirect – shows that boys also are exposed to honour-related oppression, or are forced into an honour-based lifestyle.

  • 47.
    Forsblad (Kristiansson), Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Distributed cognition in home environments: The prospective memory and cognitive practices of older adults2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I explore how older people make use of, and interact with, their physical environment in home and near-by settings to manage cognitive situations, specifically prospective memory situations. Older adults have in past research been shown to perform better on prospective memory in real-life settings than what findings in laboratory-like settings predict. An explanation for this paradox is that older adults has a more developed skill of using the environment for prospective memory than younger adults. However, research investigating this explanation has primarily been based on self-reports.

    I contribute to the understanding of this skill by doing two related things. First I introduce distributed cognition, a theoretical perspective that primarily has been used within professional and socio-technical environments, to the research field of prospective memory in everyday life. Second I present a cognitive ethnography conducted during two years across eight home, and near-by, environments and old-age retired persons, for which I have used theoretical concepts from distributed cognition to analyze observations.

    The analysis shows rich variations in how participants use common cultural cognitive tools, invent their own cognitive tools, deliberately and incidentally shape more or less functional spaces, make use of other physical features, orient themselves toward and make sense of cognitive resources. I complement both prospective memory and distributed cognition research by describing both the intelligent shaping and use of space. Furthermore, by taking a distributed cognitive perspective I show that prospective memory processes in home environments involve properties, and the management, of a multipurpose environment.

    Altogether this supports the understanding of distributed cognition as a perspective on all cognition. Distributed cognition is not a reflection of particular work practices, instead it is a formulation of the general features of human cognition. Prospective memory in everyday life can be understood as an ability persons have. However, in this thesis I show that prospective memory can also be understood as a process that takes place between persons, arrangements of space, and tools.

  • 48.
    Freland, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Barriärer på en vårdcentral: Utmaningar inom vården i segregerade områden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze which communication barriers exist in health centers in segregated areas in Sweden, and how to handle these barriers. I have asked two questions: Which communication barriers are there in a health center in a segregated area? How does healthcare staff handle communication barriers? 

    The work is based on the qualitative field study that I have carried out at two health centers located in segregated areas in Sweden. I have made both observations and participatory observations and held both informal and semi-structured conversations with several employees at both health centers to collect data.

    In the result, I process the use of an interpreter and the five different barriers that I have identified: the language barrier, the knowledge barrier, the barrier of understanding, the culture barrier and the barrier of experience. The result shows that the barriers manifest themselves in many different ways and that the staff often needs to be creative in its way of handling them. It is common for the recipients to not speak and / or understand Swedish and to not have knowledge of the Swedish healthcare system or what a health center is. It is also common that they lack or have insufficient knowledge of the human body, diseases and treatments. Interpreters work well as intermediaries who can enhance communication and reduce the risk of misunderstanding, but the use of an interpreter can also be difficult, and it can be difficult to get access to a good interpreter on time. The communication barriers that arise increase the risk of misunderstandings and mistrust which can lead to a deterioration in care quality. Misunderstandings can lead to the recipient not being able to follow the treatment plan as intended, and mistrust can lead to the recipient choosing to abstain wholly or partly from treatment. 

    To prevent this, the staff is careful to take extra time to explain, discuss and listen to the patient. The work on trust is very important as a bad meeting can lead to negative attitudes in large groups of people towards the health center. This is because many of the recipients are part of a very strong personal sector, which has a great influence on how health care and treatments are perceived. A good meeting can lead to major changes and therefore the health centers work extra hard to create good experiences for the health care recipients.

  • 49.
    Gavanas, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pensionärsplaneten: Spaniensvenskar och pensionsmigration i en globaliserad värld2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenskar som utvandrar till Spanien på ålderns höst är ett växande fenomen, men svenska Spanienpensionärer utmålas i medierna ofta som oförmögna att ”integrera sig” i det spanska samhället. Själva har Spanienpensionärerna tröttnat på myterna om att de är bortskämda golfare, skattesmitare eller salongsalkoholister som vägrar lära sig spanska och försöker återskapa ett ”Lilla Sverige” i Spanien. Hur ser pensionärernas liv ut i Spanien och hur ser villkoren ut för migranter och spanjorer som på olika sätt arbetar med dem? I Pensionärsplaneten möter vi ett brett spektrum av människoöden: folkpensionären, fattigpensionären, sjukpensionären och uteliggaren. Vi möter även människor (migranter och spanjorer) som på olika sätt arbetar med pensionsmigranter i Spanien. Utifrån dessa färgstarka berättelser och livsöden har Anna Gavanas, forskare i socialantropologi, skrivit en reportagebok som diskuterar teman kring internationalisering, global arbetsfördelning, arbetsvillkor och privatisering av äldreomsorg. Hon frågar sig hur villkoren för pensionsmigration kan jämföras med andra typer av migration. Hon väcker även en rad aktuella frågor om vilka migranter som anses mer önskvärda än andra, enligt vem och varför.

    Boken bygger på ett fyraårigt forskningsprojekt med stöd från Vetenskapsrådet och Forte.

  • 50.
    Gleisner, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    En plats - En identitet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a society where we are not bound to one place. We are encouraged to be mobile and constantly moving between different locations. The life in a convent is a contrast to this; nuns live at a specific place they are bounded to by vows and can not leave. The sisters in the convent of St. Birgitta, Pax Mariae have promised to stay at the same place and live by the rules of the convent. They live within the walls of the convent, an area with clear boarders. In this essay I analyse the meaning of a place, how the convent affects the nuns and their identity. The wall and the restricted area, inner- and outer attributes show where the nuns belong and characterize their life in the convent. The surrounding wall is a symbolic boarder to the nuns, but it also protects from impulses from the society and the outer world. The most evident influence the place has on the identities of the nuns is that they through vows become members of a camaraderie where they call each other sisters, changes their names and wear the same clothes. They become nuns, a ubiquitous identity. Regardless of whom they meet or of where they go, they will be seen as nuns.

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