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  • 1.
    Aaslund, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Larsson Jagbrant, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Nutida uppfattningar om svensk utrikespolitik: en diskursanalays av svenska politikers föreställningar om utrikespolitik idag2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår uppsats är att undersöka diskursen om utrikespolitik ur ett svenskt perspektiv. I uppsatsen undersöker vi hur svenska politiker diskuterar dagens och framtidens svenska utrikespolitik. Studien bygger på intervjuer med sju av ledamöterna i riksdagens utrikesutskott. I analysen av dessa ledamöters utsagor utgår vi från ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv och använder diskursteorin som verktyg. Svensk utrikespolitik har i historien ofta förknippats med neutralitetstänkande och främjandet av värderingar såsom mänskliga rättigheter och nedrustning. I och med utvecklingen av en gemensam utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik för Europa pågår dock en diskussion om vad svensk utrikespolitik är idag. Likaså pågår idag en akademisk debatt om hur utrikespolitik ska förstås i en alltmer internationaliserad värld. Till följd av detta är vår studie av svenska politikers föreställningar om utrikespolitik i allra högsta grad befogad.

    Vi konstaterar i vår studie att både enighet och meningsskiljaktigheter förekommer i den diskurs om utrikespolitik som de intervjuade ledamöterna ger uttryck för. Under våra intervjuer framkom framförallt att utrikespolitik definieras som relationer mellan stater och staters rätt att bedriva utrikespolitik motiverades med hänvisning till att medborgarna i en stat har en gemensam identitet. Det blev också tydligt att grupptillhörighet ofta uppfattades påverka det europeiska utrikespolitiska samarbetet. Sammanfattningsvis kan vi alltså konstatera att ett djupt rotat identitetstänkande tycks vara tongivande för synen på utrikespolitik.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Sodertorn Univ, Sweden.
    Benyamine, Isak
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Festival Venue that makes sense- A study of Skansen arena in Stockholm2021Inngår i: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikkel-id 1886652Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the open-air museum of Skansen in Stockholm as venue for celebration of Persian Fire Festival is assessed by the festivals visitors. The study is based on a delimited part of a larger online survey with 280 completed questionnaires including both close-ended and open-ended questions, and a qualitative thematic analysis method has been used in this paper. The results show a high level of appreciation of the Skansen venue that gives the visitors positive emotions, meanings, place attachment, place identity and a sense of place. Contributing factors have been the high status of the venue that has given the visitors pride and dignity; security and safety of the venue; size of the venue; and the natural beauty of the venue. The most important disadvantage factor has been the lack of accessibility combined with lack of sufficient public transport. The results have implications for the Swedish society, for the policy makers in Stockholm city and for both the host and the organiser of the festival and gives rise to new debates on immigrants socio-cultural integration into Swedish society. This paper gives a contribution to existing literature on festival venue and its impact on the visitors overall assessment of the festival.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located on the crossroads of the two continents. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources, represented by oil, gas, coal and hydropower resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’, an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between some of the European Union member-states and Central Asian countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s foreign policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the end of every chapter.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The European Union-Central Asia : in the light of the New Strategy
    Download (pdf)
    COVER01
  • 4.
    Abdulhamidova, Nurangez
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia is a region strategically located at the crossroads of the two continents: Asia and Europe. The region is represented by five states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) with different level of economic development and with the population amounting to over 60 million people. The region is rich in energy resources represented by oil, gas, coal and water resources.

    The thesis analyses, assesses and scrutinises one of the topical issues of the contemporary international relations - cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states before and after adoption in June 2007 of the ‘European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership’,  an important political document in the history of relations between the two parties.

    The new stage of cooperation is analysed more comprehensively accentuating priorities set in the Strategy. Analysis of the current state of affairs is conducted concerning some important issues of the Strategy related to regional cooperation between Central Asian states, such as integrated water management and development of hydro-energy system, issues of diversification of hydrocarbons supply routes from the region to Europe and provision of energy security, etc.

    Issues of cooperation between the European Union and Tajikistan are analysed as a case study. State of affairs between the Central Asian states and the European Union Member States actively cooperating with these countries is characterised.

    The thesis also scrutinises other regional/international actors engaged in cooperation with Central Asia (such as China, Russia, the US, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, etc.) and their potential for interaction with the European Union for more effective joint solution of the problems existing in the region is assessed.

    In the conclusion, development of cooperation between the European Union and Central Asian states is scrutinised, the problems and their possible solutions in this regard are analysed, and the recommendations for increasing effectiveness of cooperation between the two parties are presented.

    The European Union’s policy in Central Asia is interpreted from perspective of the theories of international relations namely neorealism, neoliberalism and constructivism in the research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The European Union-Central Asia: in the light of the New Strategy
  • 5.
    Adscheid, Toni
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Mobilising post-political environments: tracing the selective geographies of Swedish sustainable urban development2021Inngår i: Urban Research and Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, E-ISSN 1753-5077, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 117-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops an analytical framework from which to understand the mobilisation of post-political urban environments across spatial and institutional contexts. Our analysis of two closely related cases from a Swedish context reveals the potential benefits of combining studies on urban political ecology and policy mobility. By utilising Actor-Network Theory (ANT) we illustrate how post-political environments that are shaped by mobile and mutating policies of sustainable urban development are stabilised through distinct discursive strategies, capital investments and the desire for increased influence within global frames of action and contribute to the creation of, what we call, selective geographies.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Aghaie Joobani, Hossein
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Meta-Geopolitics of Central Asia: A Comparative Study of the Regional Influence of the European Union and the Shanghai Co-operation Organization2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Central Asia has been the focal point of intense geopolitical power struggle throughout history. At the dawn of the 21st century, Central Asia has undergone major changes as the European Union and the China-led Shanghai Co-operation Organization have emerged as two normative powers, both seeking to influence the patterns of security governance in the region. This study aims to delve deep into ‘the black boxes’ of the EU’s and China’s foreign policies toward five CA republics. It starts from the premise that the bulk of research on Eurasian politics tend to concentrate mostly on realist and traditional geopolitical doctrine, which seem to have failed to properly explain the normative and ideational transformations that have taken place in the region as a result of the presence of these two emerging normative agents. By interweaving both realist and constructivist theories of International Relations (IR) into a new all-encompassing analytical framework, termed “meta-geopolitics”, the thesis seeks to trace and examine how geopolitical as well as normative components of the EU and Chinese regional strategies have affected the contemporary power dynamics in the post-Soviet space. I argue that, in contrast to the geopolitical struggle during the 19th and 20th centuries, a clash of normative powers is brewing in the region between China, under the aegis of the SCO, and the EU. The research also concludes that China has relatively been in a better position in comparison to the EU to render its policies as feasible, effective and legitimate to the Central Asian states. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Allard, Anders L.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vissa grupper deltar på samhällets olika arenor i lägre utsträckning än andra, är tämligen klarlagt. Detta kan betraktas som ett demokratiproblem. Mitt sätt att angripa problemet är att studera dem som trots allt deltar från dessa så kallade marginaliserade grupper. Tanken är att härigenom finna ledtrådar till hur medborgerligt deltagande kan uppstå och vilka effekter det i så fall får. Huvudsakligt studieobjekt för uppsatsen är ett ombyggnadsprojekt (Ringdansen) i Norrköpingsförorten Navestad. Det deltagardemokratiska teoriperspektivet, som betonar att samhället ska fyllas av medborgerligt inflytande och deltagande, utgör en viktig referenspunkt i utformning och analys av uppsatsens data. En vilja att delta måste, för vem det än gäller, finnas vid ett frivilligt engagemang. Denna vilja uppstår lättare under vissa förutsättningar. För grupper som deltar i relativt låg grad bör särskild hänsyn tas för att skapa en gynnsam miljö. De i min studie uppdagade förutsättningarna av vikt är att deltagandet: (1) upplevs beröra frågor med direkt betydelse (ofta vardagsnära), (2) har sitt ursprung i en mänsklig kontaktyta, (3) kan utövas i närheten av hemmet, (4) sker i kollektiv form, (5) inte är allt för komplicerat. Initiativtagarna, i det här fallet ett bostadsbolag, har således en viktig möjliggöranderoll, där även förtroende spelar in. Deltagarna i Ringdansprojektet, framför allt de resursbegränsade, har förbättrat följande medborgerliga resurser: självtilltro, tolerans/kritisk rationalism, samhällsintresse/delaktighet och gemenskap. Detta i något av en positiv kedjereaktion. Det visar sig att individuella förutsättningar, arbetsformer och nivån på deltagandearenan har inverkan på vilka effekter som infinner sig. En rad frågetecken kvarstår, bl.a. gällande beständigheten i effekterna, men som helhet anser jag att de positiva resultaten berättigar ökade satsningar på möjliggörande av medborgerligt deltagande bland marginaliserade grupper.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 8.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro Universitet.
    Siegert, Steffi
    Södertörns högskola.
    Sommar, Carl-Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Teachers Falling off the Cliff Affordances and Constraints of Social Media in School2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: January 4-8, 2021 / [ed] Tung X. Bui, Honolulu, 2021, s. 2995-3004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a digitalized society our work environment is highly integrated with our home environment making work boundless both in terms of time and space. The digital work environment risks increased stress. Based on a case study in Swedish schools we investigate how teachers experience the use of social media for work-related purposes. We do so by using the Technology Affordance and Constraints Theory to capture the affordances as well as constraints of this use. Findings show that affordances of social media in schools were increased opportunities for learning, transparency and community building. Constraints were distractions from learning, increased isolation, stress and, above all, lack of guidance in how and when to use social media. We end the paper arguing that lack of policies and guidelines governing the use of social media at work is risking an increase in boundary blurring and potentially more stress.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Åhlander, Pia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Tillbaka till framtiden: Fyra scenarier för EU:s framtid efter eurokrisen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this study is theories of European integration, which are used to formulate different scenarios about the future of the European Union. This is made in regards to the eurocrisis which has intensified the discussion about how to change the construction of the euro to overcome the economic difficulties that has arisen. In this study, four different scenarios are presented: "An updated Europe", "A new Europe", "The death of the euro" and "Goodbye Greece". The first two scenarios takes its starting point in the neofunctionalist theory of European integration and describes how the EU might increase its level of integration in different ways. We can either see a development where the EU tries to improve the implementation of the rules that are meant to coordinate the member states’ economic policy, or we might encounter a more advanced integration where fiscal policy competences are transferred to the EU-level.

    The latter scenarios, however, takes another theory in to account, liberal intergovernmentalism, and describes how the eurozone might be fragmented in different ways due to conflicts of interest between lenders and countries that has to receive loan-packages. In the third scenario the euro stands in front of a collapse. This is connected to a situation where Spain, which is one of the largest economies in the EU, is starting to have similar problems as countries like Grecce, Ireland and Portugal. The fourth scenario describes a more ordered progress where Grecce, as part of a joint decision with the other EU-members, decides to abolish the euro as their currency. This is a way for the EU to reduce its economic burden, in the same time as Greece are given an opportunity to use an independent monetary policy to cope with their problematic situation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tillbaka till framtiden
  • 10.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Påverkar nationell migrationspolitik flyktingflöden?2019Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 5-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många europeiska länder har under de senaste åren infört en allt restriktivare migrationspolitik. Sverige är inget undantag. Men vilken effekt har egentligen nationalstaters asylpolitik på flyktingströmmar? Trots den ökande betydelsen av nationell migrationspolitik är det nuvarande kunskapsläget om huruvida, och i så fall hur snabbt, migranter reagerar på policyförändringar relativt begränsat. Tidigare studier tenderar att använda årliga data och nationella jämförelser, vilket gör resultaten svårtolkade. Mot denna bakgrund använder vi högfrek-venta data och undersöker hur antalet syriska asylsökande till Sverige föränd-rades till följd av en plötslig policyförändring, som innebar att asylsökande från Syrien tilldelades permanenta i stället för temporära uppehållstånd.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Oikofobi i svensk kulturarvspolitik: En kvalitativ textanalys av Sveriges första kulturarvsproposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In May 2017 Sweden’s first cultural heritage bill was approved by Sveriges riksdag, Sweden’s national legislature. Before being approved of, the bill had received a great amount of attention in the public debate from different parties like the media, the civil society and the political parties. The cultural heritage bill is unique since it is the first time in Swedish history that cultural heritage policy has been presented through a separate bill by the government, instead of being part of a bigger cultural bill. This study will examine the bill closer with the help of the British philosopher Roger Scruton’s concept oikophobia. Examination is relevant because of the public debate surrounding the bill and because of the fact that oikophobia concerns inheritance and home. The aim of this study is more precisely to examine Sweden’s first cultural heritage bill through a qualitative text analysis in order to see if the bill is to be considered oikophobic. To accomplish the study, oikophobia as a concept is operationalized to be used as an analysis tool when analysing the empirical material in form of the cultural heritage bill. The results of the study show that the cultural heritage bill is to be considered oikophobic. It is considered oikophobic mainly because of its relativizing attitude towards the own cultural heritage and the own nation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Oikofobi i svensk kulturarvspolitik
  • 12.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Historiebrukens ekologi2010Inngår i: Astrid Lindgrens världar i Vimmerby: En studie om kulturarv och samhällsutveckling / [ed] Leif Jonsson, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2010, 1, s. 105-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad kan hända i ett samhälle där det finns en blomstrande upplevelseindustri kopplad till ett kulturarv? Det är den fråga som författarna till Astrid Lindgrens världar i Vimmerby belyser ur en rad perspektiv. Vimmerby är fokus för deras fallstudie och de skildrar utvecklingen av lokalsamhället och den framväxande besöksnäringen kring Astrid Lindgren och hennes författarskap.Handlingskraften i Vimmerby har mestadels kommit från entreprenörer som ofta inte haft enbart snävt ekonomiska motiv utan också samhällsnyttiga ambitioner. Samtidigt är den ett uttryck för ett samhällsengagemang som har djupa rötter i staden.Kulturarvet i Vimmerby är en unik tillgång för bygden och ger kreativa möten mellan kommersiella och samhällsnyttiga intressen. I Astrid Lindgrens världar i Vimmerby diskuterar en flervetenskaplig forskargrupp bland annat kommunens agerande, lokaltidningens roll och inte minst innevånarnas erfarenheter. Gruppen hämtar lärdomar ur sina givande inblickar i Vimmerbys utveckling genom åren.

  • 13.
    Arriaza Hult, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Framing collective identities in Swedish and Spanish left-leaning parties intra-party education2023Inngår i: Journal of Contemporary European Studies, ISSN 1478-2804, E-ISSN 1478-2790, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 929-943Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to uncover the role that educational activities for members play in the construction of identities in political parties. Guided by a framing perspective, the study focuses on five left-leaning parties in Sweden and Spain and their intra-party education, and interviews have been conducted with party representatives and study leaders. The analysis reveals that the educational activities provided by the parties for their members are intended to create a sense of belonging and connect the members to the parties. Three different tendencies for creating a sense of we-ness in the parties unfold - (i) Welcome!, (ii) Get in line! And (iii) Unite! - which mirrors how identities are constructed within the education to reinforce the members relationships with their parties. Emphasising these three identities serves to distinguish how frames are integrated into educational settings and how the parties motivate their members to become engaged in the party collectives.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Nermany, Roza
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    The Gendered Dimensions of Identity Wars - The Case of the Former Yugoslavia2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis we investigate gendered dimensions of the war in the former Yugoslavia. We do this with the help of gender theory, as well as theories about the construction of identities and the role of the identity aspect in contemporary warfare. By combining these theoretical points of departure we hope to shed light on how gender can be used by political and military leaders and by the media in times of war. We explore how underlying gender assumptions in the Yugoslav society affected the course of war as well as how gender relations were altered just before and during the war.

    We come to the conclusion that gender was central to the construction of collective identity in the Yugoslav wars. Women were pushed in to traditional gender roles and constructed as carriers of culture and mothers of the nation. Further the symbolic values associated with women made them vulnerable to sexual violence, since an attack against enemy women were considered to be an attack on the entire nation. The intersections between gender and identity aspects in the Yugoslav wars made women strategic targets of military violence.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 15.
    Aspengren, Veronika
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    FN och terrorism: En studie av världssamfundets policy sedan kalla krigets slut2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations has a responsibility to combat acts of international terrorism, as they constitute a threat to international peace and security. In spite of this, there exists no generally accepted definition of the phenomenom within the UN. By examining resolutions on terrorism, this thesis aims to evaluate the UN’s policy on terrorism since the end of the cold war until 2003. The results show that the UN’s attitude towards terrorism eversince the end of the cold war has been condemning, but that the the events of September 11th 2001 has contributed to an even more firm approach to the problem. Furthermore, it can be established that before September 11th 2001, the UN acted in response to states being responsible for acts of terror. After that date the UN has had to deal with terrorism committed by unknown actors that don’t have any governmental connection.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Aspernäs, Julia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Erlandsson, Arvid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Artur
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Motivated formal reasoning: Ideological belief bias in syllogistic reasoning across diverse political issues2023Inngår i: Thinking and Reasoning, ISSN 1354-6783, E-ISSN 1464-0708, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 43-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated ideological belief bias, and whether this effect is moderated by analytical thinking. A Swedish nationally representative sample (N = 1005) evaluated non-political and political syllogisms and were asked whether the conclusions followed logically from the premises. The correct response in the political syllogisms was aligned with either leftist or rightist political ideology. Political orientation predicted response accuracy for political but not non-political syllogisms. Overall, the participants correctly evaluated more syllogisms when the correct response was congruent with their ideology, particularly on hot-button issues (asylum to refugees, climate change, gender-neutral education, and school marketization). Analytical thinking predicted higher accuracy for syllogisms of any kind among leftists, but it predicted accuracy only for leftist and non-political syllogisms among rightists. This research contributes by refining a promising paradigm for studying politically motivated reasoning, demonstrating ideological belief bias outside of the United States across diverse political issues, and providing the first evidence that analytical thinking may reduce such bias.

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  • 17.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Local Alternative Development through a Time-Spatial Lens: A Case Study of Ydre Inspired by Hägerstrand2013Inngår i: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital and Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, s. 378-391Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This book highlights the role of entrepreneurship, social capital and governance for regional economic development. In recent decades, many researchers have claimed that entrepreneurship is the most critical factor in sustaining regional economic growth. However, most entrepreneurship research is undertaken without considering the fundamental importance of the regional context. Other research has emphasized the role of social capital but there are substantial problems in empirically relating measures of social capital to regional economic development.

    The expert contributors to this work highlight the role of governance in regional growth, an area that has so far been relatively under-researched, underpinning their findings with new theoretical and empirical evidence. They conclude that the relationship between entrepreneurship, social capital and governance in factors affecting regional economic development are complex and interdependent, and that to influence these factors and the relationship between them, policymakers must have a long-term perspective and be both patient and persistent in their efforts.

    This enlightening book will be of great interest to academics, students and researchers across a range of fields including regional science, regional economics, economic geography, regional planning, public policy, entrepreneurship, political science and economic sociology. Policymakers involved in regional policymaking from national down to regional and local levels will also find the book to be an illuminating read.

  • 18. Bestill onlineKjøp publikasjonen >>
    Avdan, Nazli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och litteratur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    ‘Collaborative Competition’: Stance-taking and Positioning in the European Parliament2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Parliament (EP) is the scene where certain issues concerning over 500 million ‘Europeans’ are publicly debated and where politically relevant groupings are discursively coconstructed. While the Members of the Parliament (MEPs) pursue their political agendas, intergroup boundaries are drawn, reinforced, and/or transgressed. Speakers constantly take stances on behalf of groupings in relation to some presupposed other groupings and argue what differentiates ‘Self’ from ‘Others’. This study examines patterns of language use by the MEPs as they engage in the contextually and historically situated dialogical processes of intergroup positioning and stance-taking. It further focuses on the strategic and competitive activities of grouping, grounding, and alignment in order to reveal the dynamic construction of intergroup boundaries.

    The study is based on a collection of Blue-card question-answer sequences from the plenary debates held at the EP in 2011, when the Sovereign Debt Crisis had been stabilized to some degree but still evoked plenty of controversy.

    Theoretically the study builds on Stance Theory (Du Bois, 2007), Positioning Theory (Davies & Harré, 1990), and several broadly social constructivist approaches to discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1995).

    The analysis shows that intergroup positioning in the EP emerges as what I call a ‘collaborative competition’ between contradictory ideologies and political agendas. The MEPs strategically manipulate their opponents' prior or projected utterances in order to set up positions for self, a grouping he or she stands for, and thereby its adversaries. All participants engage in the maintenance and negotiation of intergroup boundaries, even though the boundaries hardly ever coincide between the different speakers. They discursively fence off some imaginary territories, leaving their adversaries with vague positions.

    When asking Blue-card questions, the MEPs use a particular turn organization, which involves routine forms of interactional units, namely addressing, question framing and question forms, each of which is shown to contribute to stance-taking. A dynamic model of stance-taking is suggested, allowing for a fluid transformation of the stance object as well as the discursively constructed stance-takers.

    While Blue-card questions are meant to serve as a structured procedure for eliciting information from a speaker, the analysis demonstrates that the MEPs accomplish various divergent actions that serve intergroup positioning. The dissertation thus contributes to the understanding of the discursive games played in the EP as the MEPs strive to construct social realities that fit their political ends.

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  • 19.
    Axelblom, Alec
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mjuk makt i en förändrad värld2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka begreppet ‘mjuk makt’. Mjuk makt är en relativt ny term som myntades av statsvetaren Joseph Nye år 1990. Sedan dess har detta nya begrepp förändrat hur vi ser på internationell makt. Genom användandet av attraktion och lockelse använder sig stater av mjuk makt för att få inflytande. Motsatsen till mjuk makt, hård makt, är ett annat verktyg som stater använder för att genom att hota eller framkalla resultat få inflytande. Dessa två verktyg och deras användbarhet har blivit ett ämne för debatt i den nuvarande diskursen inom internationell politik.

    Begreppet mjuk makt utvecklas konstant och formas av experter och politiker världen runt som har omfamnat termen. Mjuk makt har sina svagheter; den är svår att mäta och analysera, det är även svårt för en stat att använda mjuk makt aktivt. Men det har blivit ett livsnödvändigt verktyg under detta århundrade för att maximera effektiviteten för en stats utrikespolitik.  

    Det empiriska materialet i denna uppsats grundas mest på svensk mjuk makt, men det inkluderar även diverse stormakter och deras mjuka makt. Genom att använda kvalitativ textanalys har jag försökt urskilja vad som är relativt för min uppsats och vad som är de viktigaste sakerna att inkludera.

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  • 20.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, VITS - Laboratoriet för verksamhetsinriktad systemutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kundval – dilemman i gränssnittet mellan privata och offentliga organisationer2010Inngår i: Samtal pågår… från forskare till politiker och tjänstemän i kommuner / [ed] Tora Friberg, Sabrina Thelander, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2010, s. 9-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Är det bättre med stora än med små kommuner? Kommer folkrörelsepartierna att bli mer kampanj- och väljarorienterade i framtiden? Hur formas en boendepolitik för det goda åldrandet? Lokala transportstrategier – hur och för vem? Hur påverkas kommunledningars samverkan om gymnasieskolan av att det finns friskolor? Är kulturekonomi framtidens lokala tillväxtmotor?</p><p>Dessa och andra frågor behandlas i denna bok. Den är ett led i Centrum för kommunstrategiska studiers, CKS, arbete med att bygga en dialog – utveckla goda samtal – mellan Linköpings universitet och medlemskommunerna i CKS. Den innehåller fjorton olika artiklar, inlägg, som forskare författat för att förmedla sina resultat, men också för att stärka en dialog med politiker och tjänstemän i kommunerna. Inläggen spänner över många olika ämnen och frågeställningar. De är i vissa fall konkreta och koncisa i andra fall beskrivande och reflekterande. Alla är de av kommunstrategisk karaktär.</p><p>I en kommun fattas en mängd olika politiska beslut kring de mest skiftande ämnen. Det kräver kunskap, reflektion och gedigna beslutsunderlag. Då kan forskares analyser och kunskapsproduktion vara till nytta. För att en fördjupad och samhällsrelevant forskning ska komma till stånd behövs emellertid reaktioner från politiker och tjänstemän. Det finns alltså ett ömsesidigt beroende. Det kan hanteras genom samtal i vilka forskare, politiker och tjänstemän kan utbyta erfarenheter, tankar och kunskaper. Inläggen i denna bok visar att samtal pågår

  • 21.
    Axster, Sabrina
    et al.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, MD 21218 USA.
    Danewid, Ida
    Univ Sussex, England.
    Goldstein, Asher
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Mahmoudi, Matt
    Amnesty Int, England.
    Tansel, Cemal Burak
    Univ Sheffield, England.
    Wilcox, Lauren
    Univ Cambridge, England.
    Colonial Lives of the Carceral Archipelago: Rethinking the Neoliberal Security State2021Inngår i: International Political Sociology, ISSN 1749-5679, E-ISSN 1749-5687, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 415-439Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass incarceration, police brutality, and border controls are part and parcel of the everyday experiences of marginalized and racialized communities across the world. Recent scholarship in international relations, sociology, and geography has examined the prevalence of these coercive practices through the prism of "disciplinary," "penal," or "authoritarian" neoliberalism. In this collective discussion, we argue that although this literature has brought to the fore neoliberalisms reliance on state violence, it has yet to interrogate how these carceral measures are linked to previous forms of global racial ordering. To rectify this moment of "colonial unknowing," the collective discussion draws on decolonial approaches, Indigenous studies, and theories of racial capitalism. It demonstrates that "new" and "neoliberal" forms of domestic control must be situated within the global longue duree of racialized and colonial accumulation by dispossession. By mapping contemporary modes of policing, incarceration, migration control, and surveillance onto earlier forms of racial-colonial subjugation, we argue that countering the violence of neoliberalism requires more than nostalgic appeals for a return to Keynesianism. What is needed is abolition-not just of the carceral archipelago, but of the very system of racial capitalism that produces and depends on these global vectors of organized violence and abandonment.

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  • 22.
    Bainvel, Serge
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Sport and Politics: A study of the relationship between International Politics2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to understand and demonstrate the narrow ties between sport and International Relations. My purpose is to examine how Football especially is mixed with International Relations in many levels. The theoretical framework deals with the

    nationalism theories. Nationalism theories have been relevant only for the last two decades. Nationalism has been developed in the two last centuries with the industrialisation. It can be considered as a political doctrine or ideology. The definition of Nationalism is not obvious because there are no founding theorist or text on it. This

    process of nationalism induced nations to existence or self-determination. But extreme nationalism can be a danger. Nationals symbols have been created like language, food and drink, clothing, commemorative holidays, military heroes, flags, colours, and anthems.

    Sport should not be forgotten in this Nationalism ideology. A qualitative study of all the books have been studied carefully. The thesis is based on a long historical approach that permitted to demonstrate the links between sport and International Relations. Pierre de Coubertin wanted Olympics to bring peace and without political means, but the situation changed rapidly everything and government policies were really influenced by sports. Not only totalitarian states but also democratic ones have been using sport for their propaganda to promote national strength. It has been like a trigger mechanism, everyone has understood how to use sport for diplomatic relations and it is a safer and harmless way than a war. Then a study of national identity construction will be the second goal.

    Governments are now involved in sport to promote the prestige of a group. The other reason is to encourage a sense of identity, belonging and unity. Sport as a diplomatic tool can be considered like a public diplomacy to influence opinion. Football passion is shared by every citizen and helps us to understand the complexity of the world with its conflicting nations. In all this complicated situation, the Nordic nationalism is a fascinating new direction of peace and tolerance. For example, the Danes showed a festive way to support national teams that we can call a ‘sporting nationalism’.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 23. Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    et al.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för migration, etnicitet och samhälle (REMESO). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle.
    Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility. Introduction2023Inngår i: Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility / [ed] Martin Bak Jørgensen & Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Chicago: Haymarket , 2023, s. 1-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Baras, Stephanie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    A Comparative Analysis of France and the UK’s Policies towards Surrogacy through a Marxist and Gender Approach2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This research paper aims to analyze France and the UK’s policies on surrogacy from a marxist and gender perspective. It will also look at the EU’s normative role as surrogacy is a practice that can be perceived as contradictory to the EU’s values as there are a number of issues that arise due to cross-border surrogacy arrangements. There are four main issues when it comes to surrogacy practices: the exploitation of women, the commodification of women, the commodification of children, and an indirect issue which is the definition of legal parentage which determines the citizenship of the child which is essential when it comes to cross-border surrogacy arrangements. This paper concludes that the lack of common regulation is problematic. As there is no consensus, cross-border surrogacy arrangements are on the rise which exacerbates the exploitation of surrogate women from developing countries. This, in turn, deepens the divide between developed and developing countries. Lastly the lack of consensus on legal parentage leads to citizenship issues which put individuals at the risk of being stateless.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Bednarek, Nadia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Finskt förvaltningsområde som nyckeln till ett framgångsrikt arbete med sverigefinska ungdomar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is home to five recognized national minorities, namely the Jews, the Roma, the Torne Valley Descendants (Tornedalians), the Swedish Finns, and the Sami population which also are an indigenous group. The Government`s Minority Policy aims at protecting and supporting the national minorities and the historical minority languages (Yiddish, Romani chib, Sami, Finnish, Meänkieli). The policy also promotes the right of youth, belonging to national minority groups in order to develop and streng then their cultural identity. This paper seeks to address the lack of involvement of Swedish Finnish youth in the so called Finnish Administrative Areas (Finskt förvaltningsområde, FFO), and how the Norrköping and Haninge municipalities tackle the issue.

     

    In this paper, a reconstruction of the intervention theory is presented with inspiration sought from the ideas of Evert Vedung, in order to see if the intentions of the legislation are implemented. In accordance to the research on how the policy is designed, the democratic theory, the theory of participation, as well as the theory of identity will be linked together to the opinions of officials. This will be done in accordance to the reconstructed intervention theory, which will be used as a tool in order to show how the selected mechanisms relate in order to describe how the policy will receive an expected result. The intervention theory is a method which is meant to be in use during the evaluation of measures done by the public organization. I have conducted audits on how each FFO approaches the problem at hand using municipality documents relating to the Swedish Finnish youth. In addition, I have interviewed municipal officials in the FFO:s of Norrköping and Haninge with the aim to get an impartial over view on how they are perceived by the Swedish Finnish youth within FFO.

     

    The result of my research indicates that local government activities in many cases can be linked to democracy theory, identity theory as well as participation theory. The mechanisms which were chosen used the recently named theories, are used to measure the municipalities offer of activities are language, interventions, activities and also the media. These theories have been used to select the mechanisms considered to be the most important deemed by the Law on the Protection of National Minorities (SFS 2009: 724[1]).

    [1] Lag (2009:724) om nationella minoriteter och minoritetsspråk

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    fulltext
  • 26.
    Bengtsson, Johnny
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Elektroniska Kretsar och System. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Polismyndigheten - Nationellt forensiskt centrum, Sektionen för informationsteknik.
    Gazmend, Huskaj
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Avdelningen för ledningsvetenskap och militärteknik (ALM), Sektionen för militärtekniska system (MteS). Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för informationsteknologi.
    The Manifestation of Chinese Strategies Into Offensive Cyberspace Operations Targeting Sweden2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security / [ed] Dr. Thaddeus Eze, Dr. Lee Speakman and Dr. Cyril Onwubiko, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences International Limited , 2021, s. 35-43Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to present how Chinese strategies are manifested into offensive cyberspace operations targeting Sweden. It is commonly known that People’s Republic of China (PRC, and in this definition the meaning of thegovernment and its military), uses five-year plans (FYP) for social and economic steering strategy of their country. This has been going on since 1953 until today. In 2015, the national strategic plan Made in China 2025 (中国制造2025) was launched by Le Keqiang, the Premier of the State Council of PRC. The main goal with this plan is to strengthen the economic development. In addition, Chinese military strategists noted the importance of information warfare and intelligence during military operations. This article is based on open sources: the official English translated version of the 13th Five-year plan (FYP) and other reporting on cyberspace operations linked to the PRC. A number of cases are presented to highlight the link between the PRC FYP and their targets. Next, the current situation in Sweden is presented and how the country is targeted by PRC-linked activities, both in and through cyberspace, but also military infiltration on academia. The results show that Sweden has been, and is continuously the target of offensive cyberspace operations. In parallel, the country is also the target of military infiltration on the academia, and direct investment strategies such as Huawei attempting to compete for the 5G frequency actions arranged by the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority. In conclusion, Sweden will continue to experience cyberespionage from PRC on all levels and on all domains; science, technology, IP and privacy information theft. Previously unveiled cyberspace operations cases in this article have proven to be a convenient strategy for the PRC to reduce its research and development gap in several ways; innovatively, financially and to shortening the time-to-market (TTM).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Bengtsson, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Economic Sanctions Go Smart: A human rights perspective2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to discuss different motives behind the perceived transition from economic sanctions towards smart sanctions. The human rights aspect is also considered in the study, in terms of the wider humanism which is associated with smart sanctions. Does this relate to the fact that human rights have got an increased esteem in society, whereas economic, social and cultural rights be on equality with civil and political rights? Economic sanctions have been used extensively during the 1990s, both by the UN and by different regional organisations and countries. The hardest sanction regime has been imposed on Iraq. In this study, Iraq is used to highlight economic sanctions and the outcome is discussed in order to highlight the transition towards smart sanctions. Smart sanctions have been imposed three times till now, where Zimbabwe was the last example in February 2002. The effects of these sanctions are put in contradiction to Iraq, and the differences them between are discussed. Conclusions are that the ongoing transition and development towards smart sanctions have a multilateral character, where economic, efficiency, ideological, and humane motives areof considerable importance. The humane motives are of most significance for this development. Smart sanctions will continue to develop and be implemented, when international society find it necessary to maintain or restore peace or emphasise the existing rules or norms in the prevailing world. Despite the motives behind the transition towards smart sanctions, the dividing line between the two groups of human rights is still distinct. But due to new initiatives from both the UN and NGOs such as Amnesty International this dividing line is slowly starting to erase. It is not possible now to state that economic, social and cultural rights have got an increased esteem and be on equality with civil and political rights, but if the beginning consciousness is here to stay, it is likely to see an increased esteem in the near future.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 28.
    Benulic, Kajsa-Stina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Enberg, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Ljung, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Why firms do not expect climate policies to have the intended effects – positioning in a polycentric governance landscape2023Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A polycentric governance regime that includes non-state actors has potential to increase the pace in mitigating climate change if there is concerted action among the actors involved. However, previous research has shown that climate policy directed at business firms does not always have the intended effects. Taking a polycentric perspective to climate governance, this paper contributes insight into why some firms expect that to be the case. The paper builds on qualitative interviews with firms in the Swedish construction and civil engineering industry. We apply positioning theory to analyse firms' views on their own and other actors' roles and responsibilities in climate transformation. The results suggest that governance authorities could take on a more traditional, coercive leadership role, setting clear rules and regulations, if these extend in time and space to create a market where the shared goals are ambitious, and the playing field is level for firms.

  • 29.
    Benulic, Kajsa-Stina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kropf, Marianne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    The meaning of leadership in polycentric climate action2022Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 31, nr 6, s. 1016-1036Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research points to leadership as a key ingredient in mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. We adopt a polycentric perspective and use focus group interviews with Swedish actors within the business sector, politics, and government agencies, to analyse participants views on what it means to lead, preconditions of leadership, and division of responsibilities, in a context of transformative change. Our results suggest that participants focus on collective dimensions of leadership rather than front-running but see multiple ways of demonstrating climate leadership as being available to actors across governance levels and issue areas. Challenges to these views on leadership include the request for shared rules and regulations, and courage among leaders to enact coercive top-down leadership to handle conflicts and trade-offs. We conclude that polycentric transformative leadership is by default polysemic and will require multiple leadership roles at different scales changing over time.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    Centrum för Europaforskning (CERGU) / Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Göteborgs universitet..
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Oscarsson, Henrik
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Rekordhög röstdelning2019Inngår i: Storm och stiltje / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Björn Rönnerstrand, Patrik Öhberg & Annika Bergström, Göteborg: Förlag Göteborgs Universitet, 2019, s. 93-105Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    En het frågeställning inom forskningen om väljarbeteende handlar om under vilka omständigheter och varför väljare fattar olika röstningsbeslut i samtidiga val till olika politiska nivåer: I vilken utsträckning är röstdelning ett uttryck för förvirring eller osäker riskspridning utifrån nationella överväganden bland väljarna, och i vad mån handlar det om sofistikerade väljares väl övervägda hänsyn till politiska omständigheter? För att kunna närma sig ett svar på dessa övergripande frågor behövs först en delstudie som noggrant kartlägger röstmönster i kommun- och riksdagsval. Röstdelningen i Sverige har åter slagit nytt rekord med omkring en tredjedel av väljarna som röstade på olika partier. Röstdelning tenderar idag att vara vanligare bland yngre, intresserade och högutbildade väljare som saknar starka band till politiska partier. Den vanligaste kombinationen vid det senaste riksdagsvalet 2018 var att rösta på Moderaterna lokalt och på Sverigedemokraterna nationellt. Resultaten indikerar att forskningens två huvudförklaringar till röstdelning inte är tillräckliga och att fördjupade analyser krävs för att bättre kunna sortera ut förklaringar till röstdelning och skilja ut olika typer av kommunala väljare.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Rekordhög röstdelning
  • 31.
    Berggren, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, REMESO - Institutet för forskning om Migration, Etnicitet och Samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Det populistiska tricket2009Inngår i: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, nr 2, s. 24-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har varit relativt skonat från de grövsta utfallen av högerpopulistisk mobilisering och politisk rasism. Vi behöver bara blicka mot Danmark, Holland, Italien, Österrike och Frankrike för att finna en mer öppet främlingsfientlig politisk diskussion.

  • 32.
    Bergh, Andreas
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Sweden.
    Fink, Günther
    Harvard School of Public Health, USA.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    More politicians, more corruption: evidence from Swedish municipalities2017Inngår i: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 172, nr 3-4, s. 483-500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the literature on political economy and public choice, it is typically assumed that government size correlates positively with public corruption. The empirical literature, however, is inconclusive, owing to both measurement problems and endogeneity. This paper creates a corruption index based on original data from a survey covering top politicians and civil servants in all Swedish municipalities. The effect of more politicians on corruption problems is analyzed using discontinuities in the required minimum size of local councils. Despite the fact that Sweden consistently has been ranked among the least corrupt countries in the world, the survey suggest that non-trivial corruption problems are present in Sweden. Municipalities with more local council seats have more reported corruption problems, and the regression discontinuity design suggests that the effect is causal.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Biermann, Frank
    et al.
    Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Oomen, Jeroen
    Urban Futures Studio, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Gupta, Aarti
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Ali, Saleem H.
    Department of Geography and Spatial Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA; Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environment Facility, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
    Conca, Ken
    School of International Service, American University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.
    Hajer, Maarten A.
    Urban Futures Studio, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Kashwan, Prakash
    Department of Political Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA.
    Kotzé, Louis J.
    Faculty of Law, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Leach, Melissa
    Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    Messner, Dirk
    German Environment Agency, Dessau-Roßlau, Germany.
    Okereke, Chukwumerije
    Centre for Climate Change and Development, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
    Persson, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Potočnik, Janez
    International Resource Panel, United Nations Environment Programme, Paris, France; SYSTEMIQ, UK.
    Schlosberg, David
    Sydney Environment Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Scobie, Michelle
    Institute of International Relations, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.
    VanDeveer, Stacy D.
    McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
    Solar geoengineering: The case for an international non‐use agreement2022Inngår i: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 13, nr 3, artikkel-id e754Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Solar geoengineering is gaining prominence in climate change debates as an issue worth studying; for some it is even a potential future policy option. We argue here against this increasing normalization of solar geoengineering as a speculative part of the climate policy portfolio. We contend, in particular, that solar geoengineering at planetary scale is not governable in a globally inclusive and just manner within the current international political system. We therefore call upon governments and the United Nations to take immediate and effective political control over the development of solar geoengineering technologies. Specifically, we advocate for an International Non-Use Agreement on Solar Geoengineering and outline the core elements of this proposal.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Bing, Ennis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Den (o)tillgängliga högskolans politiska ideologi: En kritisk studie av föreställningar och attityder mot studenter med funktionsnedsättningar inom högre utbildning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenter med funktionsnedsättningar möter ofta stora utmaningar inom högre utbildning. Enligt ableistiska ideologiska antaganden är detta en naturlig följd av biologiska defekter hos personer med funktionsnedsättningar. Enligt kritiska sociala teorier om funktionshinder är problemet att samhället förtrycker personer med funktionsnedsättningar. Det individualiserade perspektivet osynliggör förekomsten av samhällstrukturer som förtrycker och marginaliserar personer med funktionsnedsättningar. Det dominerande invidiualiserade synsättet innebär att funktionshindrade studenters möjligheter inte brukar kopplas till ideologi och maktförhållanden inom högskolan. Jag undersöker de attityder och föreställningar som präglar svenska högskolors förhållnignssätt gentemot funktionshindrade studenter. Genom att analysera policydokument och akademisk litteratur visar jag, att det finns en tydlig genomgripande tendens mot att tolka funktionsnedsättningar och funktionshinder utifrån vissa ableistiska antaganden. Orsaken till problem och svårigheter placeras konsekvens hos individens funktionsnedsättning. Högskolans ansvar beskrivs i första hand som att lösa de problem som individens funktionsnedsättning ger upphov till. Dessa attityder framkommer tydligt i såväl policydokument, som akademiska lärares berättelser såsom skildras i akademisk litteratur. Attityder och föreställningar om vad funktionsnedsättning innebär påverkar arbetet med tillgänglighet i utbildningen, och får därmed direkta konsekvenser för studentens studiesituation. Den bild som framkommer är linje med de mer generella tendenser, som enligt teorier om ableism finns genom hela samhället. Den här uppsatsen visar hur kritiska teorier om funktionshinder kan användas för att förstå hur personer med funktionsnedsättningar missgynnas av samhällesstrukturer. För att uppnå lika rättigheter för personer med funktionsnedsättningar, är det nödvändigt att kritiskt granska ableism i alla delar av samhället.

  • 35.
    Biricik, Alp
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Çürük Raporu Ve Hegemonik Erkekliğin Yeniden Inşaası [Rotten Report and Reconstruction of Hegemonic Masculinity in Turkey]2008Inngår i: Carklardaki Kum: Vicdani Red, Dusunsel Kaynaklar Ve Deneyimler [Sand in the Propellers: Conscientious Objection, Intellectual Resources and Experiences] / [ed] Özgür Heval Çınar and Coşkun Üsterci, Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları , 2008, 1, s. 143-149Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [tr]

    Dünyanın birçok yerinde olduğu gibi Türkiye'de de büyük bir tabu olan "savaşa katılmanın reddedilmesi", aslında insanlık tarihinde savaşın kendisi kadar eski bir olaydır. Savaşa ve militarizme karşı duruşun en radikal ve kapsamlı ifadesi ise Vicdani Red'dir. Bu kitap, vicdani reddin felsefi-politik temellerini, uluslararası deneyimlerini ve hukuki boyutlarını ortaya koyuyor. 26 yazarın katkıda bulunduğu kitabın zengin içeriği, konunun boyutlarını da ortaya koyuyor

  • 36.
    Bjarnegard, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Calvo, Dolores
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Elden, Asa
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Sofia
    Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Lundgren, Silje
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sex instead of money: Conceptualizing sexual corruption2024Inngår i: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the dynamics of corruption has rarely considered sex as a currency in corrupt transactions. This article puts forward the argument that the abuse of entrusted power in exchange for personal gain is relevant also when sex, rather than money, is the currency. It then contributes with a careful conceptualization of such transactions as sexual corruption. Anchoring our conceptualization in the abuse of entrusted power, the article defines sexual corruption, its elements, categories and delimitations, and proposes a conceptual framework that can be used to develop research on sexual corruption. We also address the implications of recognizing sex as a currency in corrupt transactions, providing insights as to why abuse of power is often overlooked when sex is the currency of the transaction. Our approach offers analytic precision and contributes to setting an agenda for the study of sexual corruption as an obstacle to good governance, at a time when efforts to collect data on sexual corruption are increasing.

  • 37.
    Bjurling, Madelene
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Höjdevall, Mikaela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Funkis, folkhem och förlorade visioner: en tolkning av det sociala kapitalet i ett miljonprogramsområde i Linköping2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljonprogrammet tillkom genom en storslagen politisk satsning under det expansiva 60-talet. Produktionen lades utanför städerna och vilade på funktionalism och stordriftsfördelar. Trots minutiös social ingenjörskonst hade ingen kunnat förutse att många av de hyresgäster, som befolkade miljonprogrammet till en början, inom några år skulle flytta till egna småhus. Kvar blev de socioekonomiskt svagare hyresgästerna. Dessa områden präglas idag överlag av många in och utflyttningar. I Sverige finns ett miljonprogramsområde i varje medelstor stad. Dessa områden kännetecknas av samma typ av problematik; hög arbetslöshet, höga ohälsotal och lågt valdeltagande. I den politiska debatten väcks ofta förslag om att man ska bygga om eller riva delar av miljonprogrammen. Andra menar att problemen bekämpas genom att åtgärda makroekonomiska problem i samhället i stort. Få av dessa förslag kretsar kring teorier om socialt kapital och vad det sociala kapitalet enligt vissa välkända statsvetare kan åstadkomma i samhällen. Syftet med denna uppsats är således att kvalitativt beskriva det sociala kapitalet i ett miljonprogramsområde i Linköping. Vi vill även studera huruvida det sociala kapitalet kan bidra till en demokratisk utveckling i stadsdelen. Det är vår förhoppning att våra slutsatser kan generaliseras till andra miljonprogramsområden i Sverige. Det sociala kapitalet beskrivs och analyseras utifrån tretton genomförda intervjuer med tjänstemän och föreningsrepresentanter i stadsdelen. Det görs med teoretisk hjälp av statsvetarna Robert D. Putnam och Bo Rothstein samt sociologen James S. Coleman. Vi kommer fram till att det förekommer stora variationer av socialt kapital i stadsdelen. Det finns en stor mängd av det Putnam kallar för sammanbindande socialt kapital. Samtidigt uppvisar stadsdelen en brist på det överbyggande sociala kapitalet, som på allvar skulle kunna bidra till ett demokratiskt lyft i stadsdelen. Det menar vi beror på etniska grupperingar och stora omflyttningar, som gör det irrationellt att investera i socialt kapital för den enskilde. Särskilda politiska insatser kan av de skälen motiveras i stadsdelen. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Funkis, folkhem och förlorade visioner: en tolkning av det sociala kapitalet i ett miljonprogramsområde i Linköping
  • 38.
    Björk, Tomas
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Att implementera etnisk mångfald: en studie av statlig styrning och tre myndigheters tillämpning av integrationspolitiken.2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten för studien är den statliga styrningen och dess förändring från detaljstyrning till en mer allmänt formulerad målstyrning. Ett område där det här kan märkas är integrationspolitiken som formuleras genom allmänna mål och direktiv. Ett verktyg för integrationspolitikens genomförande är den offentliga förvaltningen som bör föregå med ett gott exempel gentemot övriga samhället. I direktiven anges exempelvis att myndigheterna ska föra ett aktivt mångfaldsarbete med målet att personalens etniska sammansättning ska spegla samhället i övrigt. Några mer precisa direktiv hur detta ska uppnås och exempelvis hur det ska mätas anges inte.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur tre olika myndigheter implementerat integrationspolitiken samt hur de uppfattar styrningen och direktiven från regering och riksdag. Metoden som används för att uppnå syftet är kvalitativ fallstudie av myndigheterna SMHI, Sjöfartsverket samt Luftfartsverket. Kärnan i materialet utgörs av djupintervjuer med ansvariga tillämpare samt mångfaldsplanerna hos respektive myndighet. Som teoretisk grund finns förhållandet mellan stat och förvaltning samt teorier kring policyprocess och implementering.

    I slutsatserna konstateras det att policyprocessen för det studerade området bör betraktas som ett växelspel mellan i första hand policyformulerare samt implementerare. En viktig roll spelar även exempelvis integrationsverket för utvärdering och återföring. I det empiriska materialet har det dock inte hittats något aktivt samspel mellan utvärderare och implementerare. Faktorer som har spelat en viktig roll för myndigheternas arbete är istället politiska, administrativa samt samhälleliga. De politiska besluten ligger till grund för arbetet hos respektive myndighet. Ansvariga tillämpare har hela tiden utgått ifrån de centralt fattade besluten. Hur arbetet sedan har utformats beror till största delen på traditioner och etablerad struktur inom myndigheten. De samhälleliga attityderna har slutligen underlättat arbetet då begrepp som mångfald och integration har blivit vanligt förekommande och mer accepterade i samhället liksom på arbetsplatsen.

    De ansvariga tillämparna inom respektive myndighet uppfattar styrningen som bra. De anser i vart fall inte att någon annan typ av styrning skulle vara bättre. Kritik finns dock mot den vaga definitionen av begreppet mångfald vilket hos två av myndigheterna har gjort att mål om ökad mångfald har tagits bort. Detta för att man helt enkelt inte vet vad som ska mätas. En positiv aspekt av detta är dock att personalen inom myndigheterna tvingats till diskussion om hur begreppet ska tolkas vilket underlättat arbetets förankring.

    Slutsatserna kring den statliga styrningen inom området för myndigheters arbete för ökad etnisk mångfald är att direktiven är väldigt allmänt formulerade vilket lämnar fältet öppet för ett agerande utifrån egna förutsättningar. Det här har dock gjort att det i mångfaldsplanerna formulerats relativt vaga och allmänt hållna mål. En konkretisering kring begreppet mångfald och vad det innebär rekommenderas därför då en viktig del för en lyckad implementering är förståelse av de mål som ska uppnås.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 39.
    Björkman, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Finns det några skillnader mellan Socialdemokraterna och Moderaterna?: en studie om kommunalt självstyre på lokal och nationell nivå2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party are two parties with different ideological background. The parties have different opinions in issues of public and private matters. The Social Democratic Party profiles it self, through the local and national party programs, as a party for solidarity and security. The Moderate Party, on the other hand, profiles it self through their programmes as a party with a possibility for the individual to shape his or her own life. Through a survey on members in the local government, and two key persons at national level, the view of municipal self-government has appeared. The party programmes constitute a platform for the parties´ views on municipal self-government. These views have been put together with the result of the survey. Urban Strandberg has designed an analysis frame related to municipal self-government. His concept, municipalities’ basic character, board of directors and administration, is the theoretical foundation of the thesis. The content of the Party programmes and the results of the survey are thendiscussed within the frame of Strandbergs concept and Demokratiutredningens rapport SOU 2000:1. From the collective perspective of the theory, the content of party programmes and the result of the survey an image of the parties’ views on municipal self-government starts to grow. Within each party respectively, they keep a common strategy in important issues, which the local governments and the parties’ basic characters have raised. There are dividing lines due to the administration of the municipalities. Civic participation unites the parties in ideological issues. The opinions, in the issue of municipal self-government, differs between the Social Democratic Party and the Moderate Party. The reason for that is because of their fundamental different views in the fields of social order and ideology, as it is described in the party programmes. In reality when the parties shape the politics they cannot profile themselves as much as in the"vision"in their party programmes. The parties have to find a middle course, which is reflected in the answers from some of the respondents.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 40.
    Björsne, Lisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Regional Integration in Africa: Is the African Union facing legitimacy problems?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The African Union (AU) is the continent-wide project for economic and political integration in Africa. It takes inspiration from the European Union (EU), where two major problems could be discerned. Firstly, the European and the African context differ from each other, economically,socially and politically. Secondly, the EU itself has been criticized for legitimacy problems,including ineffective decision-making processes, not satisfying tasks for the European Parliament (EP), and low voter turnout in the elections to the EP. Thus, it is interesting to ask whether it ispossible to create a legitimate African Union with the objectives to unite and strengthen the African continent through political and economic actions, when it takes inspiration from a quasisupranational organization which operates in a different political setting, and whose legitimacy hasbeen highly questioned.

    The purpose of this paper was to examine and discuss whether the AU faces legitimacy problems,and if it does, what kind of legitimacy-problems? To specify the purpose, three questions were posed:

    What is the status of the process of making the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) a legislativeand popularly authorized organ?

    What are the AU's ambitions and means for building a common African identity?

    How is the AU financed, and what can be said about the economy's effect on the AU'scapacity to perform effectively?

    The conclusions show that the AU seems to be facing legitimacy problems. Firstly, a legislative organ is important in this kind of organization, and in order to be a legitimate legislative organ it is important to have the representatives elected by the people. The project of transforming the PAPinto a legislative organ has started, but to let the people elect their representatives to the PAP has notyet been provided for. Secondly, it seems like the AU have problems concerning funding. The basic means for funding the AU is through member-state contributions, and the AU suffers from outstanding payments, delayed payments, and some also argues that the member-state contributions are too small. This is a major obstacle for the union's development, since a weak economy willhinder the AU institutions' performance. The AU also stands before a huge task of creating a sharedAfrican identity – that is, creating the African demos. The ambitions for carrying out this project are expressed in different AU-documents, and the PAP have a great role in this project. Although, tostudy how this project is going was not a part of this paper's purpose and is left for further research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Regional Integration in Africa
  • 41.
    Blomdahl, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bureaucratic Politics, Presidential Leadership Style and Crisis Decision-Making: Why Obama said Yes to Libya and no to Syria2020Inngår i: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 75-97Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines why the Obama administration in 2011 decided to commit U.S. armed forces into Libya and in 2013 decided to seek congressional authorization for the use of military force in Syria. This paired comparison illustrates how the combined effects of bureaucratic politics and the presidents leadership style contributed to the decision-making process of two different decision-making outcomes. The study finds mixed empirical support for the explanatory power of the bureaucratic politics model in both cases. The study also finds that the extent of presidential preeminence in the decision-making enables the understanding of yes in Libya and no in Syria.

  • 42.
    Borta, Oxana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Brain Drain Controversy2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the widely acknowledged so-called brain drain controversy. More concretely on developments in the traditional brain drain literature towards a new shift, claiming the brain gain effect, as an alternative to the brain drain effect, that emigration may bring to a source country. The research investigates not only the obvious direct loss effects – the so called brain drain – but also the possibility of more subtle indirect beneficial effects.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 43.
    Boström, Lukas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Reconsidering the EU as a Geoeconomic Actor: A Critical Discourse Analysis of the internal debate regarding a New Industrial Strategy for the European Union2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years there has been a growing internal debate within the EU regarding the direction of its trade policy. Circled around the understanding of a geoeconomic development within the international economic sphere, the Union is divided in terms of how to best respond in this proclaimed situation for ensuring its future success and prosperity. Where the European Commission has adopted several protectionist measures at the same time as upholding its liberal route one may ask what this implies for the future, as well as what the underlying forces behind this trend are, which is part of the general aim of this study. Previous research has provided both rationalistic and constructivist approaches to analyzing EU’s trade policy agenda, where rationalistic approaches has investigated to which degree trade policy has been politicized and constructivists more focused to understanding to which degree ideas, norms and values has contributed to the Commission’s legitimization and continuation of liberal trade politics. However, the area of discourse(s) role in this nexus is left relatively unexplored. With use of the IR theories of Realism and Liberalism as well as the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis and Norman Fairclough’s three-dimensional framework for critical discourse analysis, this paper examines the main respective arguments of the debate regarding a New European Industrial Strategy, through three dimensions of discourse(s): as text, discursive practice and social practice. Findings suggests that realist discourses have gained traction within the Commission at the same time as it is constrained by institutional and integrational discourses, which are factors that indeed may result in troublesome years to come.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Bratsberg, Bernt
    et al.
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Dawes, Christopher T.
    Wilf Family Department of Politics, New York University, New York, United States.
    Kotsadam, Andreas
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindgren, Karl-Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Raaum, Oddbjørn
    The Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    Birth Order and Voter Turnout2022Inngår i: British Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0007-1234, E-ISSN 1469-2112, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 475-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have stressed the role of a child's family environment for future political participation. This field of research has, however, overlooked that children within the same family have different experiences depending on their birth order. First-borns spend their first years of life without having to compete over their parents' attention and resources, while their younger siblings are born into potential rivalry. We examine differences in turnout depending on birth order, using unique population-wide individual level register data from Sweden and Norway that enables precise within-family estimates. We consistently find that higher birth order entails lower turnout, and that the turnout differential with respect to birth order is stronger when turnout is lower. The link between birth order and turnout holds when we use data from four other, non-Nordic countries. This birth order effect appears to be partly mediated by socio-economic position and attitudinal predispositions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Braun, Johanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Managing the Euro Crisis: EU Decision-Making in the sovereign Debt Crisis October 2009 – March 20122012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The European common currency, the euro, is in crisis. Bad news about indebted governments and economic recession has continuously outperformed itself since 2009/2010 and kept the European Union and its member states in suspense. It is up to them to combat the crisis. This master thesis deals with the European sovereign debt crisis (“euro crisis”) and tries to allow a better understanding of how the crisis has been managed by governments at the European level. A special focus is put on decision-making in the crisis, posing the research question “How can the decision-making of the EU in the euro crisis be understood?”. To solve this research problem, three different approaches are applied: liberal intergovernmentalism, historical institutionalism and cognitive institutionalism. Each of them adds different aspects to the analysis, gives answers from its respective point of view and thereby widens the overall picture that evolves. The design of the thesis is a case study with the euro crisis as a special case of decision-making and crisis management. Official documents and statements, expert interviews, scholastic, expert, and journalistic analyses are employed as basic research material. It has been uncovered that, powerful states, especially Germany and France, have bargaining advantages during crisis decision-making. However, the decision-making is constrained by institutional aspects (rules, norms and values). Stress factors deriving from the crisis situation facilitate group dynamics that appeared at least partially during the ongoing crisis.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Brommesson, Douglas
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    Norsk senter for menneskerettigheter, Universitetet i Oslo.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Fogelgren, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att möta den högre utbildningens utmaningar2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den övergripande fråga som ställs i rapporten är: hur kan universitet och högskolor upprätthålla kvalitet i utbildningen? Undersökningen bärs upp av tre delar där vi studerar 1) om högskolepedagogiska kurser stärker lärare som pedagoger; 2) huruvida det finns incitament för universitetslärare att satsa på pedagogisk verksamhet; samt 3) vilka förutsättningar lektorer ges att inom ramen för sin tjänst fullgöra det pedagogiska uppdraget. I den första delstudien finner vi att pedagogiska kurser haft positiva effekter på deltagarnas upplevda trygghet i lärarrollen. Samtidigt förändras inte kursdeltagarnas grundläggande förhållningssätt till undervisning. I delstudie två finner vi att incitamenten att satsa på det pedagogiska uppdraget är relativt svaga, eftersom sakkunniga i allmänhet lägger liten vikt vid pedagogiska meriter jämfört med vetenskapliga. I den tredje delstudien undersöks balansen mellan forskning och undervisning för lektorer i statsvetenskap. Resultaten visar att skillnaden i undervisningsplikt, liksom kompensationen för likvärdiga undervisningsuppdrag, varierar mycket mellan lärosäten. Förutsättningarna för det pedagogiska uppdraget ser således väldigt olika ut för lektorer beroende på var de är anställda.

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  • 47.
    Browne, Katherine
    et al.
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dzebo, Adis
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Iacobuta, Gabriela
    German Institute of Development and Sustainability, Bonn, Germany.
    Faus Onbargi, Alexia
    German Institute of Development and Sustainability, Bonn, Germany.
    Shawoo, Zoha
    Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dombrowsky, Ines
    German Institute of Development and Sustainability, Bonn, Germany.
    Fridahl, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Gottenhuber, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR.
    Persson, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning, CSPR. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    How does policy coherence shape effectiveness and inequality? Implications for sustainable development and the 2030 Agenda2023Inngår i: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 31, nr 5, s. 3161-3174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the formulation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, many promoted policy coherence as a key tool to ensure achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a way that “leaves no one behind.” Their argument assumed that coherent policymaking contributes to more effective policies and supports over-arching efforts to reduce inequality. As the 2030 Agenda reaches the halfway point, however, countries are falling short on many SDGs, particularly SDG 10 (reduce inequality). This study revisits the basic assumptions about policy coherence underpinning the SDGs. We systematically screened the peer-reviewed literature to identify 40 studies that provide evidence about whether coherent policymaking contributes to more effective outcomes and helps to reduce inequality. We find that coherent policymaking did not help reduce inequality in a majority of cases and made it worse in several. Our findings challenge the narrative that coherence is a necessary pre-condition for progress on the SDGs for all people.

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  • 48.
    Bure, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Konsten att kommunicera med medborgarna genom media. En studie om kommunpolitikers uppfattning om förhållandet till lokaltidningen i Linköping och Motala2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Media har en central maktposition i dagens samhälleliga kommunikationsprocess, vilket har fått allt större betydelse i takt med att medborgarnas intresse för partipolitik har minskat. Allt färre medborgare ansluter sig till ett politiskt parti och flertalet medborgare får sin huvudsakliga information genom media. Under de senaste decennierna har kommunerna laborerat med olika lösningar och organisationsmodeller för att effektivisera verksamheten, spara pengar och öka medborgarnas inflytande. Denna utveckling har resulterat i ett ökat behov för politikerna att föra en dialog med medborgarna och få stöd för beslut och prioriteringar. Studien behandlar hur kommunpolitiker hanterar situationen med ett dominerande media, d.v.s. lokaltidningen, som utgör den viktigaste kanalen för att nå ut med information till medborgarna. Studien utgår från nätverksteori, politisk kommunikationsteori och maktteori och visar hur politiker och journalister är strukturerade i ett nätverk och hur nätverket har betydelse för tidningens kommunpolitiska spegling. Studien visar att lokaltidningen sätter villkoren för relationerna mellan politiker och journalister, men också på hur politiker genom mediastrategier kan påverka tidningens maktposition.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 49.
    Burton, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Skogsmo, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap.
    Painting the Whole World White: A case study on Westernization in aid assistance between Sweden and Tanzania2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Between the years 1962 and 2013, the Swedish government gave over $6 billion in development assistance to Tanzania. Despite this, the country remains to be one of the poorest countries in the world. The Swedish aid has failed to achieve the one thing it was destined for - helping Tanzania rise from poverty. This raises the question whether aid really works or not. Some scholars argue that aid assistance is primarily dictated by strategic and political interests, wherein Western states still exercise power through colonialism, merely in other forms. Could this then be the case within Sweden and Tanzania's aid relations? The purpose of this study is to analyze various cases from the aid relationship between Sweden and Tanzania in order to find if there are any hidden intentions. By problematizing the aid relation through the theories of Neocolonialism and Eurocentrism, this thesis aims to identify if these intentions can be connected to the theories in question. Furthermore, suggestions for an aid relation without the characteristics of Neocolonial and Eurocentric theories are presented. This has been achieved through a qualitative content analysis of carefully selected material to bring relevant points and perspectives to the study. The study finally concludes that traces of the theories of Neocolonialism and Eurocentrism exist within aid relations between Sweden and Tanzania. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Lövbrand, EvaLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Research handbook on climate governance2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2009 United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen is often represented as a watershed in global climate politics, when the diplomatic efforts to negotiate a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol failed and was replaced by a fragmented and decentralized climate governance order. In the post-Copenhagen landscape the top-down universal approach to climate governance has gradually given way to a more complex, hybrid and dispersed political landscape involving multiple actors, arenas and sites. The Handbook contains contributions from more than 50 internationally leading scholars and explores the latest trends and theoretical developments of the climate governance scholarship.

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