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  • 1.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Interculturalism, Geopolitics of Knowledge and the Colonial Difference2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bardh, Julia
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Carlsson, Emma
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ”…economically and socially. And confidence and decision-making. Everything that we could not do before.”: A Minor Field Study on Fair Trade in India and Sri Lanka2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fair Trade is an international movement which aims to strengthen the livelihoods of producers in the South, and to give the opportunity for conscious customers in the North to buy socially and environmentally friendly products. The conventional trade system is criticised, as well as the efficiency of aid to support developing countries. The core idea of Fair Trade is therefore “Trade not Aid”, where marginalised producers are given the chance to improve their living conditions by fair wages, market access and improved working conditions. The aim of the thesis is to investigate the potential of Fair Trade to contribute to sustainable development and empowerment, which therefore also act as the theoretical frameworks for this thesis. Sustainable development is investigated by its division into economic, social and environmental sustainable development. Fair Trade is furthermore investigated through specific key elements connected to these theories, by performing interviews with managers and producers within five separate Fair Trade organisations in India and Sri Lanka.  The main findings within this study reveal how Fair Trade does have the potential to contribute to sustainable development and empowerment to a certain degree. It is specifically prominent regarding social development and empowerment, while economic development occurs mainly on an individual level. The contribution to environmental development is also possible to detect, even though it remains clear how the initiative to do so might not always be fully related to environmental causes.

  • 3.
    Beemer, Chloe
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Our Common Sea: Global Environmental Governance and The Marine Stewardship Council Story2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fish. Why do fish matter? Fish are the main source of protein for three billion people on Earth (World Wildlife Fund, 2019), that is roughly 39 percent of the global population (United Nations, 2019, p. 11). Food, in particular, is essential to politics, as it literally fuels the brainpower of mankind. There is power in sustaining this essential resource for generations to come, it is a crucial aspect of the future of food. Power through Sustainability. Focusing on institutions and fishery politics, this research will try to uncover whether or not the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), a non-state market-driven (NSMD) organization, holds power in global environmental governance by creating an effective international sustainable fishing regime.

     

    The theories and frameworks utilized stretch across multiple disciplines, such as international relations, sociology, international political theory, economics, ecology, fisheries science, and environmental sciences. To better understand the Marine Stewardship Council this study will focus on the global political economy (GPE) and global environmental governance (GEG), international relations green theory and neoliberal theory, and Elinor Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD), Social-Ecological Systems (SES), and beyond panacea frameworks. The research will try to discover if non-state market-driven governance systems, specifically the Marine Stewardship Council matter in international relations and global politics, employing achieving sustainable global environmental governance goals. Does the MSC influence civil society driven GEG by being an active, international sustainable fishing institution, or is the MSC merely the only feasible option for international fisheries governance?

  • 4.
    Bohman, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sjöström, Åsa
    Sveriges meteorologiska och hydrologiska institut, SMHI.
    Förslag till en metod för uppföljning av det nationella klimatanpassningsarbetet: redovisning av ett regeringsuppdrag2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SMHI har fått i uppdrag att senast den 20 december 2016 redovisa ett förslag på hur det nationella arbetet med klimatanpassning fortlöpande kan följas upp. Uppföljningen ska bland annat ge svar på effekten av det nationella arbetet kopplat till identifierade problem och behov och kunna användas för rapportering till EU och andra internationella organisationer.

    Den föreslagna utvärderingsmodellen består av tre olika delar/block som kan användas var för sig i olika syften men som tillsammans ger en bredare helhetsbild av det svenska klimatanpassningsarbetet. De tre olika delarna är avsedda att svara på tre olika typer av övergripande frågeställningar:

    1. Finns de processer som är nödvändiga för att kunna arbeta med klimatanpassning på plats? I vilken utsträckning har frågan om anpassning integrerats i det svenska förvaltningssystemet?
    1. Vilka åtgärder har implementerats för att minska de negativa effekterna/sårbarheten? Vilka sektorer har man arbetat med och vilka centrala utmaningar och klimateffekter har adresserats/har inte adresserats?
    1. Vilka framsteg kan vi se i arbetet med att minska de negativa effekterna?

    Dessa frågor besvaras med hjälp av processindikatorer, åtgärdsuppföljning och effektindikatorer. Data samlas in via enkäter riktade till nationella myndigheter, länsstyrelser och kommuner. Ett omfattande utvecklingsarbete återstår för att ta fram effektindikatorer för olika sektorer/verksamheter. SMHI föreslår därför att uppdrag utdelas till nationella myndigheter att i samverkan med berörda aktörer utarbeta förslag på effektindikatorer för dessas respektive verksamheter.

    Det är vår slutsats att ett strategiskt nationellt ramverk för klimatanpassning, som sätter uppföljningsprocessen i ett sammanhang, krävs för att säkerställa effektivitet och kontinuitet i det svenska klimatanpassningsarbetet. SMHI föreslår därför, i linje med EU:s klimatanpassningsstrategi, att en nationell policycykel för det svenska klimatanpassningsarbetet etableras. Ett exempel på hur ett sådant ramverk skulle kunna se ut presenteras.

  • 5.
    Dianne, Mwanje
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
    Smokeless homes: Challenges for Increasing Use of Improved Biomass Cookstoves in Kisumu, Kenya.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Kenya, 69 percent of populations depend on biomass fuels to meet their cooking needs. The incomplete combustion of biomass is performed in insufficiently ventilated settings thus exposing human health and environment to toxic pollution. To date, women and children in resource limited settings have been most vulnerable to severe respiratory infections. The promotion of the Improved Biomass Cookstoves has become a popular issue in policy, research and practice. Community Based Organizations have however faced serious challenges in increasing sustainable use of the cookstoves among users. This qualitative study investigates the role of Community Based Organizations in promoting the Improved Biomass Cookstoves through women’s empowerment initiatives. It applies focus group interviews, questionnaire and formal interviews. 11 interview forms were administered to 30 women, 2 key informants and 3 implementing Community Based Organization representatives in Dunga wetland community. A combination of previous research and this empirical study show that economic resources, small diameter stove designs as well as insufficient policy support hinder effective stove programmes. While there is general adoption, women lack sufficient income and ownership of land which is a significant resource to empowerment. Women informal financial networks are instrumental in driving behavioral change towards clean cooking in the community. Sufficient gender sensitive policy intervention and support can provide effective channels to ensure sustainable incomes of women, livelihoods and stove use.

  • 6.
    Gottfredsson, Jens
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Landberg, Ludvig
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Den Indiska Demonetariseringens Påverkan på Identitet och Politiskt Deltagande: – En Fältstudie i det Rurala Karnataka2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis purpose has been to investigate how the demonetisation in India has affected the political participation and the rural identity in a rural part of Karnataka. The demonetisation in this thesis has been connected to globalisation and show how the globalisation expresses on the rural locality. This has been done by a field study in a rural part of Karnataka that contained direct observations and six focus-group interviews that has been analysed with qualitative methodology. The rural identity has been operationalised to three indicators; caste-identity, family and gender-identity and political-identity. Our results shows that the rural identity has been somewhat affected by the demonetisation and globalisation. The political participation has not been affected. However there are tendencies that the demonetisation might transform the political participation in the future. Our findings also suggest that the urban have moved further away from the rural towards the global due to the demonetisation. Due to the increased distance between the rural and urban, the rural identity has become more independent. 

  • 7.
    Gröning, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från Folkhem till Facebook2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Winborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, p. 10-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Facebook är en diversehandel i sociala relationer och idéer som förändrar samhällsstrukturen. Utvecklingen går väldigt fort och det framkommer tydligt att politiken har svårt att hålla jämn takt med utvecklingen. Sverige har tappat sin tätposition när det gäller digitalisering. Lagstiftning tar tid och politikers kompetens på området, inte minst när det gäller sociala medier, är generellt sett inte stor. Vart tar folkhemmet vägen i Facebook…

  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reassembling Local E-Government: A study of actors’ translations of digitalisation in public administration2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of society decidedly affects public administration. Swedish public administration has long worked with information technologies for an effective and improved management of public services. But new and increased use of information technologies in society poses new challenges. New demands on information security are increasing, while accessibility and transparency are important priorities in policies on digitalisation in public services. However, the central government’s ambitions and expectations with regard to digitalisation face a slow and hesitant implementation in local governments. There are important differences between municipalities in priorities, local needs, and implementation mechanisms in connection with e-government. In this thesis, I argue there is a need to reconsider the role of governance mechanisms in e-government. There is a need to understand local translations of national policies and technological developments in relation to the goals of more effective and legitimate public administration. The main purpose of this thesis is to analyse tensions that emerge in the implementation of egovernment in local public administration. On the basis of a constructivist and interpretivist approach, I have undertaken two empirical studies. One focuses on municipal administration of education in Linköping. The other focuses on a governance network on digitalisation policy in Östergötland. The studies are presented in four papers. The issues addressed in the papers are further analysed with a focus on four fields of tension, using network governance theory and translation theory. This shows that the implementation of e-government in local public administration is a tension-laden process. The four fields of tension relate to: different logics and dilemmas for adoption and implementation; concerns and ambiguities in a context of unclear organisational and institutional arrangements; concerns and resistance from professional users; and a reassessment of the meaning of security as a reference for the interpretation of information security. I contend that established managerial and evolutionary models of e-government leave important process-related aspects out of the analysis of change in public administration. The contribution of this thesis lies in its description and analysis of the four identified fields of tension. One significant implication of my analysis is that reassembling current  governance mechanisms in local public administration is crucial.

    List of papers
    1. Safe on-line e-services building legitimacy for e- government: A case study of public e-services in education in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safe on-line e-services building legitimacy for e- government: A case study of public e-services in education in Sweden
    2013 (English)In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased use of public e-services integrating citizens into public administration through electronic interfaces. On-line interaction among public organizations and citizens is one core relation in e-government that hereby becomes embedded into daily practices. A safe entry into e-governmental systems is essential for security and trust in the e-governmental systems and schools as well as public services in general. This paper addresses how electronic identification has been used for access to public e-services in schools in a Swedish municipality. This paper draws on a case study of use of ICT platforms in education administration in order to study the implementation of secure login process and factors that may have implications upon trust in-and legitimacy of public e-services at local e-government level. Besides describing the implementation process and analyzing security and organizational arrangements connected to the use of the platform, the paper address the argument that secure identification tools are essential for increased use of e-services and lead to greater legitimacy of the public (e)services. The analysis focuses on information security, organization set-up and potential development of the platforms, contributing with empirical findings and conceptual applications. A key finding was that the organization of identification and access to public e-services seemed highly dependent of the organizational structure of the public schools. The more general implication of the findings was that safe and well organized identification systems that were considered as trustworthy and useful among citizens were essential for increased use of the services and legitimate public e-services in general. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Krems, Austria: Donau-Universitaet Krems, 2013
    Keywords
    local e-government, public e-services, education administration, legitimacy, electronic identification, information security
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99916 (URN)
    Projects
    Future secure electronic identification - emergence and use of e-identification (FUSe)
    Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
    2. Constructing security: reflections on the margins of a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing security: reflections on the margins of a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools
    2014 (English)In: Privacy and Identity Management for Emerging Services and Technologies: 8th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.5, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6 International Summer School, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, June 17-21, 2013, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] M. Hansen, J.-H. Hoepman, R. Leenes, D. Whitehouse, Springer, 2014, p. 224-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how people construct meanings regarding “the concept of security”, based upon the descriptions collected from participants in a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools. The aim of the paper is to reflect on the concept of security by identifying and analyzing how people build their own understanding of security when using ICT platforms in schools. The analysis identifies three ontological instances of security: security as an ideal state of affairs, security as a value and information security. The analysis also clarifies the difference between the objective and subjective nature of security, as well as the differences between factual and perceived information security. As a result, I raise several research questions concerning “security”, and identify common assumptions with regard to constructing the concept of security. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2014
    Series
    IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238 ; 421
    Keywords
    Security, ontological, epistemological, construction, meaning, empirical
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies Information Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99931 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-55137-6_18 (DOI)000342688200018 ()978-3-642-55136-9 (ISBN)
    Conference
    8th International IFIP Summer School on Privacy and Identity Management for Emerging Services and Technologies, 17-21 June 2013, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
    Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
    3. Constructing identities: Professional use of eID in public organisations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing identities: Professional use of eID in public organisations
    2015 (English)In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 143-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of the paper is to reveal how identities are constructed when electronic identification (eIDs) cards are introduced through information systems in public organisations. Design/methodology/approach– Through two case studies, the authors generate rich data on the construction of identities through use of eID within public organisations. The author’s analysis, based on actor network theory, focusses on the translation of eIDs in these two settings. Findings– ID can be viewed as an artefact where the public and private spheres meet. The authors found at least three mixed roles in employees’ use of eID: as a purely private person; as a private person in the work place; and as a professional in the work place. Research limitations/implications– There is a need for further research on how eID is translated into organisational contexts and how institutional settings define the openings for local translation processes. However, the results are based on two small cases, meaning that broad generalisations are difficult to make. Practical implications– EID is so much more than technology. The technical framing of the identification system appears to be subordinated to organisational arrangements and cultures, making it important to apply a socio-technical perspective when working with eID. Originality/value– The empirical cases have offered a unique chance to study implementation and use of eID in two very different public service organisations. The findings illustrate how eID translated into organisational contexts, and how identity management within an organisational setting is linked to the employees’ private and professional roles.

    National Category
    Information Systems, Social aspects
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120124 (URN)10.1108/TG-11-2013-0049 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-07-12 Created: 2015-07-12 Last updated: 2019-03-06
  • 9.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arbetskraftsinvandring i krisens EU2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde & Johanna Övling, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2014, p. 45-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt EU, OECD, FN och andras skattningar räknas behovet till tiotals miljoner nya invandrare under det närmaste halvseklet. Tillväxt och invandring har blivit två sidor av samma mynt i EU:s ekonomiska och politiska strävan, något som framgår tydligt i unionens tillväxtstrategi "Europa 2020". Budskapet hörs även från EU:s regeringar; men av flera orsaker, däribland dagens djupgående lågkonjunktur, har många regeringar också tystnat i frågan, medan andra börjat vända sig mot en ökad arbetskraftsinvandring.

  • 10.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Fruktplockare utan rättigheter"2014In: Le Monde Diplomatique, ISSN 1503-5557, no 11, p. 21-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Another Colonialism: Africa in the History of European Integration2014In: Journal of Historical Sociology, ISSN 0952-1909, E-ISSN 1467-6443, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 442-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s European Union was founded in a 1950s marked by its member

    states’ involvement in numerous colonial conflicts and with the colonial question

    firmly entrenched on the European and international agenda. This notwithstanding,

    there is hardly any scholarly investigations to date that have examined colonialism’s

    bearing on the historical project and process of European integration. In tackling

    this puzzle, the present article proceeds in two steps. First, it corroborates the claim

    that European integration not only is related to the history of colonialism but to no

    little extent determined by it. Second, it introduces a set of factors that explain why

    the relation between the EU and colonialism has been systematically neglected. Here

    the article seeks to identify the operations of a colonial epistemology that has

    facilitated a misrecognition of what postwar European integration was about. As the

    article argues, this epistemology has enabled colonialism’s historical relation to the

    European integration project to remain undetected and has thus also reproduced

    within the present EU precisely those colonial or neo-colonial preconceptions that

    the European partner states, in official discourse and policy, falsely claim that they

    have abandoned.

  • 12.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bringing Africa as a 'Dowry to Europe': European Integration and the Eurafrican Project, 1920–19602011In: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 443-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the history of the ‘Eurafrican project’ as it evolved from the Pan-European movement in the 1920s to its institutionalization in the European Economic Community (EEC) (i.e. today’s EU) in the late 1950s. As shown in the article practically all of the visions, movements and concrete institutional arrangements working towards European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. As so much of the scholarly, political and journalistic accounts at the time testify to, European integration was inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the intellectual, political and institutional discourse on Eurafrica – or the fate of Europe’s colonial enterprise – a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Indeed, there is strong evidence to support that these ideas were instrumental in the actual, diplomatic and political constitution of the EEC, or of Europe as a political subject. The article discusses the conspicuous absence of these matters from scholarship on European integration and its historical origins and trajectory. It also notes that it is equally neglected in postcolonial studies, which should be able to provide the theoretical and historical tools to engage with the complex and instructive issues with which the Eurafrican project and its intimate links to the history of European integration confront today’s scholars.

  • 13.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    EU Migration Policy Towards Africa: Demographic Logics and Colonial Legacies2015In: Postcolonial Transitions in Europe: Contexts, Practices and Politics / [ed] Sandra Ponzanesi and Gianmaria Colpani, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, p. 47-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter analyzes current EU–African migration policy, but argues that it must be understood in its historical context. Whereas migration today is to be managed in the framework of a EU–African partnership model built on equality and mutual ‘win–win’ dynamics, a closer look at the history of EU–African migration reveals striking parallels between past and present. From the 1920s onward, the migration policies devised within various frameworks of European integration have been shaped by demographic projections. Each time demography has governed European migration policy vis–à–vis Africa, what has first been introduced as a mutual interest has quickly been transformed into a geopolitical relationship, where one partner has channeled migration to its own benefit. It is thus argued that unless scholars start to attend to European integration’s crucial colonial history, current power asymmetries between the ‘partners’ will not only remain obscure, we will also fail to recognize the continued currency of colonial ideology in the EU’s African relations.

  • 14.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hansen and Jonsson investigate a topic of central importance to the history of European integration that has been virtually erased from scholarship. The topic once went by the name of Eurafrica and it entailed a shared European management of colonial Africa. Launched by Pan-European movements as a geopolitical idea and vision after World War I, Eurafrica gained political momentum after World War II. With the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 and the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957, Eurafrica was implemented through the association to the EEC of the colonial domains of the six founding European states, as stipulated in the Treaty of Rome. On the basis of archival and other documentation from 1920 to the 1960s, the authors show that all major movements and institutions working towards European integration placed Africa’s geopolitical and economic incorporation into the European enterprise as a key objective. A final chapter discusses how Africa’s association to the EEC impacted on the process of decolonization and shaped postcolonial Africa, and how the ‘Eurafrican legacy’ still affects the EU’s foreign relations. The authors also explain why the link between European integration and colonialism is neglected in EU studies and histories of colonialism, and they develop new theoretical perspectives on European integration in the context of global history. Signalling a paradigm shift in debates and research on the EU, Africa and colonialism, Eurafrica presents an entire vista of both new questions that need to be answered and old answers to be questioned.

  • 15.
    Hansen, Peo
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrika: EU:s koloniala rötter2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    EU presenteras ofta som ett fredsprojekt. Men bakom fasaden döljer sig en helt annan historia.

    För politiker, opinionsbildare och organisationer som från mellankrigstiden och framåt arbetade för europeisk integration stod Afrika i centrum för intresset. Exploateringen av kolonierna krävde samarbete och gemensamma investeringar. Målet var ett tredje block - Eurafrika - som skulle säkra Europas geopolitiska ställning mot de bägge supermakterna.Europas enande skulle alltså börja i Afrika.

    Eurafrika är en bok som redan väckt internationell uppmärksamhet. Den gör upp med myten om EU som fredsprojekt och konstaterar att dagens EU knappast hade existerat om det inte från början utformats som en eurafrikansk gemenskap.

  • 16.
    Hedström, Karin
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan, Örebro universitet.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Söderström, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identitet arbete privatliv: användning av smarta ID-kort2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Whilborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 112-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjuksköterskan Mikael kliver upp tidigt på morgonen för att åka till jobbet. Han jobbar på en mindre vårdcentral ungefär tre mil hemifrån och måste åka strax före halv sju på morgonen. På väg ut till bilen kommer han plötslig ihåg att han måste ha med sig sitt nya ID-kort. Utan kortet kan han inte jobba…

  • 17.
    Hooi, Mavis
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Oriental Fantasy: A postcolonial discourse analysis of Western belly dancers’ imaginations of Egypt and dance festivals in Egypt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Belly dance is popularly practised in the West, and every year, thousands of enthusiasts and professionals from around the world travel to attend belly dance festivals in Egypt, which is considered the cultural centre of the dance. This bachelor’s thesis examines the discourses produced by Western or ʽwhiteʼ belly dancers from Sweden and Finland, on the topics of tourism in Egypt and belly dance festivals in Egypt. The texts are analysed using James Paul Gee's discourse analytical framework, combined with postcolonial theory, complemented with an intersectional approach. From the postcolonial and feminist perspectives, belly dance discourse in the West and tourism discourse are problematic, as they perpetuate Orientalist tropes and unequal global power structures, which build on colonial discourse. It is hoped that by identifying and questioning these aspects of discourse that are problematic in terms of equity, this study will make a small contribution towards mitigating its adverse effects, and towards social change.

  • 18.
    Högström Hadfy, Rickard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Globalisering och den Svenska Skolvärlden: Politiska och internationella influenser över utbildning och hur globalisering som fenomen kan behandlas i klassrummet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization is a fascinating concept mostly because of its influence on the world and the systems within it. The external factors in the surrounding world can make any country adapt to new ways of thinking. This effect has come to impact how education works and evolves and in what way education should persist. The educational sector in Sweden is no exception to globalizations effects on how its systems work and what should be thought of it. How this phenomenon, globalization, is met by the students and the public mostly depends on how it is presented by the media and educators.

    Moreover we can see that there is a need for continuous education of teachers and development of their skills for them to stay up to date and face globalization on the world arena. Be-cause of this we can see politics getting involved in the educational system to be able to maintain control over its development, this involves both economical and ideological views. The presented subjects in this abstract is what the coming essay will explore. Some effects of these external factor could be and how teachers should work with globalization as a phenomenon!

  • 19.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Paul Kennedy: The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 20001988In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 4, p. 45-48Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Jonsson, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Demografianpassad infrastruktur?: Om hantering av anläggnings-tillgångar i kommuner med minskande befolkningsunderlag2016In: Nordisk Administrativt Tidsskrift, ISSN 0029-1285, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 45-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har i en rad studier undersökt huruvida effekter och policyimplikationer av långvarig befolkningsminskning beskrivs i kommunala styrdokument. Denna artikel bygger på en delstudie vars övergripande syfte varit att öka förståelsen för hur man i krympande kommuner hanterar och planerar för sina anläggningstillgångar. Vi har här intresserat oss specifikt för huruvida kommunerna i budget och årsredovisningar beskriver sina anläggningstillgångar avseende status och underhåll. Vi har också intresserat oss för i vilken mån kommunerna i dessa dokument drar slutsatser om vilka konsekvenser en förändrad demografi har för hur kommunerna ska planera för sina anläggningstillgångar. Syftet med vår art ikel är därmed att diskutera i vilken mån kommunernas budgetar och årsredovisningar är sammanhang där kommunerna beskriver sina anläggningstillgångar avseende status och underhåll, och huruvida kommunerna här beskriver strategier för hur anläggningstillgångarna ska kunna anpassas till en ny demografisk situation. Strategier kan finnas i andra dokument, men budget och årsredovisningar är för kommunerna tvingande dokument som underställs kommunfullmäktige varje år. I dessa dokument ska kommunerna inför medborgarna redogöra på vilket sätt de svarar upp mot kraven på god ekonomisk hushållning. Anläggningstillgångarnas status, underhåll och demografianpassning har dessutom uppenbara ekonomiska implikationer, vilket gör att budget och årsredovisning torde vara de styrdokument där kommunen i första hand beskriver dessa förhållanden.

    Vår ambition har varit att undersöka kommuner som har ett minskande befolkningsunderlag, men som i övrigt har varierande förutsättningar och karaktär. Studien baseras därför på ett systematiskt urval av kommuner, där urvalet baserades på geo-grafiskt läge, närhet till större tätort samt befolkningsstorlek.

  • 21.
    Jonsson, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Syssner, Josefina
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    New demography, old infrastructure: the management of fixed assets in shrinking municipalities in Sweden2018In: Dealing with Urban and Rural Shrinkage: Formal and Informal Strategies / [ed] Gert-Jan Hospers and Josefina Syssner, Zürich: LIT Verlag GmBH and Co. KG Wien , 2018, p. 31-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     large minority of municipalities, especially in the rural parts of the vast Scandinavian country, face declining population numbers. Studies show that demographic decline has brought about severe challenges to these municipalities. Jonsson and Syssner argue that most of Swedish communities do not account for declining population numbers in the management of their fixed assets, like the maintenance of public buildings, water supply networks and sewage pipes. Jonsson and Syssner also shows that adaptation strategies for real estate are much more common than adaptation strategies for other types of assets. This is a worrying situation for shrinking rural areas, since this lack of adjustment ultimately may result in growing welfare differences in Sweden.

  • 22.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Clashing internationalisms: east European narratives of west European integration2016In: Europe faces Europe: narratives from its eastern half / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyzes how West European integration was viewed in communist Eastern Europe at the time of the foundation of the EU. Throughout the period from the Schuman declaration and the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 to the Treaty of Rome and the establishment of the European Economic Community in 1957, Moscow, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, and Warsaw reacted, in part by criticizing the West European integration project as a continuation of Europe’s imperial and capitalist past, in part by projecting ideas for a wholly different European and global integration project. While this debate was patterned on the cold war logic and the clash between capitalist and communist ideologies, it also contained a profound – and lasting – dispute regarding Europe’s geopolitical position and role, especially in relation to its African colonies. After the fall of the communist East, this dispute was apparently settled to the West’s favor, and it was then forgotten. Yet, varieties of the same dispute today reappear as the EU seeks to develop a foreign policy and global mission for the twenty-first century. By using sources mainly from the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic that have so far been largely neglected in scholarship, the chapter evinces a East-European narrative about Europe’s calling and destiny that merits particular attention in today’s emerging pluricentric world order.

  • 23.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Globaliseringen och 11 september2002In: Nationalencyklopedin. [Bd] 26, 2001, Höganäs: Nationalencyklopedin AB , 2002, p. 212-213Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Wisdom of Crowds2014In: TANK Magazine, ISSN 1464-3472, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 62-65Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Stefan Jonsson reminds us that without the uprisings of the 'swinish multitude' there would be no such thing as democracy.

  • 25.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Statue to Nasser?: Eurafrica, the Colonial Roots of European Integration, and the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize2013In: Mediterranean Quarterly, ISSN 1047-4552, E-ISSN 1527-1935, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 5-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to a widespread idea of the European Union as a “peace project,” an idea disseminated especially after the EU received the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, this essay retrieves some of the historical causes of the foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957. The essay emphasizes specific geopolitical and colonial incentives that had lain behind the European integration project ever since the pan-European blueprints the interwar period and which became critical with the Suez crisis and decolonization movements of the 1950s. As the essay demonstrates, practically all of the visions, movements, and concrete institutional arrangements working toward European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. As much of the scholarly, political, and journalistic accounts at the time testify, European integration was inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the intellectual, political, and institutional discourse on Eurafrica, a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Strong evidence suggests that these ideas were instrumental in the actual diplomatic and political constitution of the EEC, or of Europe as a political subject, in 1957. The essay discusses why the EU’s colonial origins have been consigned to oblivion in mainstream research and why this history is of continued concern to the world.

  • 26.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica: History of European Integration, ‘Compromise’ of Decolonization2018In: Europe Now. A Journal of Research and Art (online), no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between the history of European integration and the history of colonialism is best understood through a compelling geopolitical entity once known as Eurafrica. As we have shown in a recent book by that title, most efforts to unify Europe from 1920 to 1960 systematically coincided with efforts to develop and stabilize the colonial system in Africa. Eurafrica was also the name of the “compromise” of decolonization. It was the mediating institutional formation through which Africa and Europe exited the colonial era and entered a new world order where, just as the founders of the EEC had intended, their unequal relationship essentially remained unchanged. Today, even as the Eurafrican project is largely forgotten, the content of current EU policymaking towards its African “partner” demonstrates that its influence persists under the surface. The only way to comprehend the deep structures of current EU–African relations is to bring this history to life again, or at least bring it into the history books.

  • 27.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica Incognita: The Colonial Origins of the European Union2017In: History of the Present, ISSN 2159-9785, E-ISSN 2159-9793, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrika och den europeiska integrationens glömda koloniala rötter2012In: Socialistisk debatt, ISSN 0346-1491, no 202, p. 49-62Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    European Integration as a Colonial Project2018In: Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics / [ed] Olivia U. Rutazibwa and Robbie Shilliam, London: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 32-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, studies of colonialism and imperialism focused primarily on once colonised societies where the traces and consequences of colonialism lay immediately open to anyone’s experience. In recent decades, and much due to postcolonial scholarship, which has disclosed that colonising societies were just as much influenced by colonialism as the colonised ones, there has also emerged an impressive body of research that traces colonialism’s influence on the national cultures and histories of a number of European states, and not just those that had explicit colonial ambitions. This research testifies to the fact that colonialism lingers on as a touchy and salient issue in national imaginaries and cultural identities, as well as in national high politics. Meanwhile, the urgency of a series of contemporary developments and projects should challenge research also to go beyond the methodological nationalism or, better, methodological colonial statism often inherent in such studies.In this chapter we attend to the ‘the European project’, or more specifically the project of European integration. Challenging received ideas in scholarship, we suggest a new point of departure for the analysis of the relation between Europe and Africa in the interwar and postwar eras. By demonstrating that the early European integration that culminated in the Treaty of Rome in 1957 in fact was a colonial enterprise that incorporated all the member states’ colonies within its institutional framework, we also point to the crucial implications that this has had for postcolonial relations between what is today the European Union and the former colonies in Africa.In reconceiving historical European integration as a colonial project, we also discuss the implications of this for contemporary conceptions of European integration. Provided that European integration in the postwar period to a large extent revolved around matters of trade, the EEC being a ‘customs union’, our intuition should tell us that such a project ought to have been deeply concerned with colonial affairs, particularly because the future of the French empire and its trading bloc seemed to hinge on France’s ability to preserve and consolidate its colonial economy. It should be equally safe to assume that the general political and geopolitical situation of the latter part of the 1940s and the 1950s, so profoundly marked by colonial crises and colonial wars, should have left a strong imprint on the various initiatives to bolster postwar Western European cooperation. To imagine that these circumstances did not affect European integration would be as counterintuitive as to imagine European integration to have been unaffected by the Cold War. Yet, this is how things are portrayed in just about all of today’s standard histories of European integration (see further Hansen and Jonsson 2014a). As a third and final task, then, the chapter seeks to clarify this puzzle and lacuna, focusing, inter alia, on the need to rethink the concepts and remodel the interpretive frames within which the history of European integration traditionally has been understood and explained.

  • 30.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Global migration governance, civil society and the paradoxes of sustainability2018In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, no 6, p. 762-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the presentation of an asymmetric global governance, this article analyzes the formation of global migration governance with its focus on the politics of migration and development. It traces the marginalization of a rights-based approach to migration and the streamlining of migration governance into business-friendly migration management and a geopolitical securitization agenda. It also reviews the trajectory towards factoring migration into a global development policy discourse as formulated in the UN 2030 Development Agenda. Specifically, it indicates that the inclusion of migration into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may promote migrant workers rights because several of these invoke universal human rights instruments, social protection and the observance of the ILO decent work agenda. However, this will only be possible if civil society critically engages powerful state and non-state actors in the process of monitoring the SDGs implementation, and resists their streamlining into investment and free trade neoliberal development regimes.

  • 31.
    Likić-Brborić, Branka
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Labour rights as human rights?: trajectories in the global governance of migration2015In: Migration, precarity, and global governance: challenges and opportunities for labour / [ed] Schierup, Carl-Ulrik; Munck, Ronaldo; Likić-Brborić, Branka; Neergaard, Anders, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 223-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter Branka Likić-Brborić addresses the emerging global governance of migration. She scrutinizes the structuring of human and labour rights discourses and contingencies for their institutionalisation and implementation by discussing their prospects for the promotion of global social justice. Issues of accountability and contingencies for the implementation of labour and human rights as migrants’ rights are discussed in the wider context of the existing global governance architecture. The chapter questions assumptions that setting up a workable model for codification and institutionalisation of labour standards, human rights and migrants’ rights could be left to a currently asymmetric global governance regime or to a variety of codes of corporate social responsibility. Global and regional trade union confederations and other civil society organizations have an essential role in repositioning a rights-based approach to migration, labour standards and development onto the terrain of a just globalisation.

  • 32.
    Lundmark, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Exploring Entrepreneurship as Misbehavior2012In: Rethinking Misbehavior and Resistance in Organizations / [ed] Alison Barnes and Lucy Taksa, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, p. 209-235Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To explore the links between entrepreneurship and misbehavior.

    Approach – Conceptual development using cases as illustrative examples.

    Findings – The chapter finds that there is an overlap between the way misbehavior is defined and the way entrepreneurship is conceptualized in the literature. It also finds previous research, distinguishing between desirable and undesirable misbehavior based on the intentions or the outcomes of behavior, insufficient in relation to entrepreneurship as misbehavior. The reason is that for entrepreneurial ventures, the underlying intentions are often good, but the outcomes often not; and that making assessments of the outcomes of entrepreneurial ventures a priori is notoriously difficult. Assessing misbehavior based only on organizational level evaluations is likewise insufficient in relation to entrepreneurship. The reason for this is that support for the venture may be needed also from actors outside of the organization. Furthermore, what constitutes the organization is not always clear. Therefore, we argue that it is necessary to broaden the view of what institutions determine whether a venture classifies as misbehavior when analyzing entrepreneurship.

    Research limitations – The cases used to illustrate the overlap between entrepreneurship and misbehavior are conspicuous and not necessarily representative of entrepreneurship and misbehavior in general.

    Originality – This is a first attempt at merging the misbehavior and entrepreneurship literatures, which highlights an important niche with a great promise for future research.

  • 33.
    Martinez Strömberg, Valentin Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Greenland: The Master Shaper of the Arctic?: A study about making change happen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic region is changing. This is an oft-cited statement researcher, policy-makers and the general public say about the Arctic. But who can change the Arctic order? This academic paper is interested in determine Greenland’s role and ‘actorness’ in this changeable region. Adopting an interpretivist approach, I advocate to embrace the narrative turn in IR as a useful move to understand how Greenland, as a sub-state regional entity, can enhance its agency capacity in Arctic affairs. Using phronetical case study, govermentality and narrative analysis as main methodologies, this study decipher how the Arctic governance has changed and been shaped by different narratives and governmental practices. Greenland’s possibilities to exercise more power have been analysed through the lenses of ontological security theory because this theory is intimately related to human agency. However, this theory presents several challenges that must be overcome by doing a revision of the theory. The final results are discusses in a reflexive manner adopting four phronetical value-rational questions that policy-makers should take into account when planning any relevant strategic action, such as Greenland’s visibility and empowerment in Arctic affairs.

  • 34.
    Miciol, Frank-Gilles
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hur kulturen påverkar Svensk-Franska affärsrelationer: En studie av gemensamma industriella projekt mellan SAAB Aerospace i Linköping och Dassault Aviation i Paris2013Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Globaliseringen av affärsrelationer har lett till att individer och företag med olika kulturell bakgrund möts i en mycket större utsträckning än vad som skedde för några decennier sedan. Svenska och franska företag dras med i den globala strömmen: de gemensamma affärsrelationerna, bilaterala projekten och mötena blir alltmer omfattande och intensivare, vilket också innebär att de kulturella skillnaderna mellan nationaliteterna blir kännbara, och de orsakar både problem och möjligheter.

    Det aktuella forskningsprojektet syftar till att utreda vad som kännetecknar den svenska respektive den franska affärskulturen, samt att studera vilka skillnader i dessa kulturer som påverkar gemensamma samarbetsprocesser. Studien baseras på flera fall av industriella projekt mellan SAAB Aerospace i Linköping och Dassault Aviation i Paris, där flygingenjörer utvecklar högteknologiska produkter.

    Två olika världar. Studien visar att svenskar respektive fransmän utvecklas i två olika världar. Även om de studerade företagen och deras ingenjörer delar samma tekniska kultur, driver de sina projekt på olika sätt, och skillnaderna kommer till uttryck ofta i samband med gemensamma beslutsprocesser, med tids- och energislukande missförstånd som följd. Besluten tas på olika nivåer, på olika sätt, vid olika tidpunkter och har olika betydelse och bindningskraft om man är i Sverige eller i Frankrike.

    Olikheter betyder också möjligheter. Man skall dock inte alltid betrakta dessa skillnader som ett problem. En ökad förståelse för varandras mentalitet kan leda dels till att krockar undviks, och att man kan dra fördel av skillnaderna på ett konstruktivt sätt. Den aktuella studien visar att den franska retoriska seden är väl anpassad för att hantera abstrakta frågor samt för att främja innovation. De mer konsensuella svenskarna i sin tur är svårslagna när det gäller medarbetares involvering, samt för att förverkliga idéer och visioner. Olikheter mellan den franska respektive den svenska kulturen kan då komplettera varandra och leda till synergier som kan gagna båda parterna, för ett framgångsrikt samarbete bortom våra gränser.

  • 35.
    Munck, Ronaldo
    et al.
    Dublin City University.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    The migration crisis: what can trade unions do?2016Other (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Nasiritousi, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Bäckstrand, Karin
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Normative arguments for non-state actor participation in international policymaking processes: Functionalism, neocorporatism or democratic pluralism?2016In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 920-943Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The participation of non-state actors in multilateral institutions is often portrayed as one way of decreasing the perceived legitimacy deficit in global governance. The literature on non-state actors has identified several ways in which these actors can enhance the legitimacy of intergovernmental organisations and global governance arrangements. Three partially competing normative arguments, or rationales, for the inclusion of non-state actors in international policymaking ᅵ functionalism, neocorporatism and democratic pluralism ᅵ have been identified. Whereas functionalism highlights the contribution of non-state actors to output legitimacy in terms of expertise, neocorporatism emphasises the inclusion of affected interests, and democratic pluralism claims that non-state actors increase input legitimacy through procedural values. These three normative arguments thus offer different understandings of the motives for the inclusion and representation of non-state actors in international negotiations and diplomacy. Through a single case study of United Nations climate diplomacy, we analyse the extent to which the three rationales for non-state actor inclusion are found in views held by state and non-state actors participating in the annual United Nations climate change conferences. Our results show that different actor groups place varying degrees of emphasis on the different rationales for non-state actor inclusion, even though the neocorporatist rationale remains most favoured overall. We discuss the implications of our findings for the democratic legitimacy of increasing participation of non-state actors in intergovernmental affairs and recent trends in the participation of non-state actors in the international climate change policymaking process.

  • 37.
    Nordlund, Carl
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    International Networks2013In: Encyclopedia of Social Networks / [ed] Barnett, G., Sage Publications, 2013, p. 425-431Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Nordlund, Carl
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Preceding and governing measurements: an Emmanuelian conceptualization of ecological unequal exchange2014In: Structures of the World Political Economy / [ed] Suter, S., Chase-Dunn, C., Zurich: Lit-Verlag , 2014, p. 315-346Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Pauw, W. P.
    et al.
    German Development Institute, Bonn, Germany.
    Klein, Richard J T
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mbeva, Kennedy
    African Centre for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya / University of Melbourne, Melbourne, nAustralia.
    Dzebo, Adis
    German Development Institute, Bonn, Germany / Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden / Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Cassanmagnago, Davide
    Independent Researcher, Milan, Italy.
    Rudloff, Anna
    Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.
    Beyond headline mitigation numbers: we need more transparent and comparable NDCs to achieve the Paris Agreement on climate change2018In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 147, no 1, p. 23-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) were key to reaching the Paris Agreement and will be instrumental in implementing it. Research was quick to identify the ‘headline numbers’ of NDCs: if these climate action plans were fully implemented, global mean warming by 2100 would be reduced from approximately 3.6 to 2.7°C above pre-industrial levels (Höhne et al. Climate Pol 17:1–17, 2016; Rogelj et al. Nature 534:631–639, 2016). However, beyond these headline mitigation numbers, NDCs are more difficult to analyse and compare. UN climate negotiations have so far provided limited guidance on NDC formulation, which has resulted in varying scopes and contents of NDCs, often lacking details concerning ambitions. If NDCs are to become the long-term instrument for international cooperation, negotiation, and ratcheting up of ambitions to address climate change, then they need to become more transparent and comparable, both with respect to mitigation goals, and to issues such as adaptation, finance, and the way in which NDCs are aligned with national policies. Our analysis of INDCs and NDCs (Once a party ratifies the Paris Agreement, it is invited to turn its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) into an NDC. We refer to results from our INDC analysis rather than our NDC analysis in this commentary unless otherwise stated.) shows that they omit important mitigation sectors, do not adequately provide details on costs and financing of implementation, and are poorly designed to meet assessment and review needs.

  • 40.
    Premer, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nansubuga, Brenda
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Organisational Learning in Business Model Innovation in the Bottom of Pyramid market: An empirical fieldwork about the market introduction of clean cookstoves in Mozambique2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for cleaner technology initiatives into the Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) market to combat the effects of climate change. The difficulty of these initiatives lies in their business model innovation process, as those organisations struggle in finding adequate strategies to establish their business in the BoP market. The BoP market is characterised as highly uncertain, which makes the operation of businesses challenging. Hereby the thesis aims at answering the question on how organisational learning occurs in business model innovation in the BoP market. Through a case study approach, the thesis intends to understand the requirements to establish a functioning business model by analysing organisational learning under business model innovation within the BoP market.

    This has been realised through a three week field study in Northern Mozambique, observing the market introduction of a cleantech company operating in this context. Hereby the business model innovation process and the environment of operation was analysed. This research contributes to the current discussion of business model innovation in BoP markets by detecting organisational learning as a useful mechanism and adding relevant insights on how organisational learning occurs in this specific context. Therefore the study opens the discussion on organisational learning in business model innovation in the context of the BoP market by asking for further studies on the topic.

  • 41.
    Reman, Axel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Mahmoudi, Sadredin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Kinas ekonomiska expansion på den afrikanska kontinenten: En fallstudie av Kinas närvaro i Afrika, med fokus på Kenya2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to explain China’s growing economic presence in Africa through a case study regarding the relationship with Kenya, as well as to highlight the specific features of this presence. In order to achieve this goal, two theoretical perspectives will be applied to examine the data. These two perspectives are the “world-systems theory” developed by Immanuel Wallerstein, and the theory of “Imperialism” as defined by Johan Galtung.     Through a textual analysis of the sources used, the essay has found that Chinese outward FDI finances projects in Africa that are commercially viable and mutually beneficial in economic terms. Research has also shown that Chinese outward FDI also attracts an alignment in voting patterns of African countries towards the Chinese in the UN General Assembly. Neither of these phenomena are consistent with the common misconception that China acts with imperialistic ambitions. Culturally, an influx of Chinese workers in Kenya have resulted in a heated debate concerning racial discord, as well as a change to working conditions within the affected African countries, defined as ‘’The Shanghai effect’’. According to the world-systems theory, the core state - in this case China, has an unequal relationship with Kenya, the peripheral state.    Our data suggests that China’s growing economic presence in Africa is not fueled by imperialistic ambitions. Therefore, we conclude that China utilises their position of being a core state with a long-term perspective - seeking and utilising mutual benefits where they can be found.

  • 42.
    Rosales, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Minding the gap: the role of UK civil society in the European refugee crisis2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent collapse of the Dublin system, a system meant to distribute responsibility towards asylum-seekers and refugees between EU Member States (MSs), has marked a new phase of the so-called European Refugee “Crisis”, where the inability of EU MS governments to address the situation in a unified and coherent manner ultimately harms those most in need of protection. Public discontent with EU and MS government responses to the crisis has led to strong citizen mobilisation in the form of civil society. This study focuses on the case of the UK and examines the role played by policy advocacy Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). The concept of Political Responsibility is used to establish the emergence of a Governance Gap in the UK’s response to the crisis, where the government finds itself unable to bridge a growing distance between its representation and responsible governance functions. Policy advocacy CSOs are found to be now minding this gap. Critical Discourse Analysis is used to study how CSOs react to the UK government’s response in terms of practice and discourse, and to highlight the consequences which language use can have on how we perceive and treat refugees and asylum-seekers in this context.

  • 43.
    Rosales, René León
    et al.
    Mångkulturellt centrum – MKC, Fittja.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Renässans Från Marginalen – aktivism för demokratisk förnyelse2018In: Nation i ombildning: Essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, p. 333-359Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Santa Ritta Pietsch Majic, Karla
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Intergroup Relations & Power: An ethnographic case study observing the multicultural staff of Cambambe, through the lenses of Psychology & International Relations Theories2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an ethnographic case study, based in participant observation, which investigates and analyzes how the everyday relationships between Europeans, South Americans expatriates & Angolan nationals, are structured in a common transnational labor community in Angola, named Cambambe. This study investigates if there are any features of post-colonial power relations that affect and shape the interactions between those three communities. Thus, if the contemporary forms of relationship, as expressed by this community, can still be compared to that old hard power stereotype namely labor relations from the colonial past, or if those have changed with modernity. In doing so, this study equally analyzes not only how the interactions between the three communities is expressed in terms of identity, culture and ethnic belonging, but also how such expressions bring about tangible consequences for the groups relating to their social and institutional positions inside the working community. Furthermore, this study examines if the three group populations are able to go beyond their ethnic and cultural boundaries in order to create common zones of togetherness and empowerment, and if so, how these zones are shaped. To do so, the analysis observes how the intergroup perceives power into their relational context, focusing in four dimensions, namely; rationality, perceived justice, material resources and identity. Moreover, this is a multidisciplinary analysis which makes use of the theoretical lenses provided by the post-colonial theory, psychology of intergroup relations and power theories in international relations, to shed light into the understanding of contemporary labor communities and in the position of the post-colonial subjects in society in a North to South perspective.

  • 45.
    Scarpa, Simone
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Is migration bad for welfare?: Reconfigurations of welfare, labour and citizenship in Sweden2019In: Inequalitities and Migration: Challenges for the Swedish Welfare State / [ed] Sven Trygged & Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this chapter is to challenge an axiomatic assumption made in current public debates, namely that the sustainability of the welfare state in an age of globalization requires the imposition of limits on immigration. With a particular focus on Sweden and recent changes of Swedish welfare policy, the chapter shows how the current crisis of the Swedish welfare model has in fact haunted this model for decades. The argument presented is that the socially-integrative capacities of the Swedish model had been compromised well before the start of the post-2015 refugee crisis in Europe. The argument made is that it was not the scale of immigration that made the Swedish welfare state unsustainable. Rather, it is the austerity-driven retrenchment of the Swedish welfare state that, in the past quarter of a century, has steadily undermined the capacity of the welfare model to offer emancipatory and non-discriminatory pathways of incorporation to immigrants. With the neoliberal reforms implemented since the early 1990s, the current reality in Sweden is that of deepening, and increasingly ethnically tinged, class divisions and long-term social exclusion of sizeable population groups from substantial citizenship rights.

  • 46.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Under the rainbow: migration, precarity and people power in post-apartheid South Africa2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, p. 276-315Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Department of Culture and Global Studies CoMID - Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity, Aalborg Universitet, Danmark.
    From ‘Social Exclusion’ to ‘Precarity’. The becoming-migrant of labour: an introduction2016In: Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences / [ed] Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Martin Bak Jørgensen, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 2016, 1, p. 1-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bak Jørgensen, MartinInstitut for Kultur og Globale Studier, Aalborgs University, Denmark.
    Politics of precarity: migrant conditions, struggles and experiences2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Politics of Precarity: Migrant Conditions, Struggles and Experiences, edited by Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen, the contributing authors look into precarity. Precarity has become a buzzword in as well academia as among activist. The book depicts precarity as being both a condition and a mobilizing force for resistance. The volume asks questions that investigate conditions and resistance across diverse cases such as first generation urbanites in China, migrant pensioners and unemployed youth in Sweden and Spain, refugees in Germany, irregular and regular migrants in Southern Europe, Turkey, Russia the United States and South Africa.

    Readership - Politics of Precarity is of interest for students and scholars within migration studies, sociology, social anthropology and political economy as well as people interested in the effects of neoliberalism.

    Table of contents

    1. From ‘Social Exclusion’ to ‘Precarity’. The Becoming Migrant of Labour. An IntroductionCarl-Ulrik Schierup and Martin Bak Jørgensen

    2. A Geneology of Precarity: A Toolbox for Rearticulating Fragmented Social Realities in and out of the WorkplaceMaribel Casas-Cortés

    3. The Precariat strikes back – precarity struggles in practiceMartin Bak Jørgensen

    4. The Precariat: A View from the SouthRonaldo Munck

    5. Turkey’s new precariat: Differentiated vulnerability and new alliancesNazli Senses

    6. Multiplex migration and axes of precarization: Swedish retirement migrants to Spain and their service providersAnna Gavanas and Ines Calzada

    7. Employment in crisis: Cyprus and the extension of precarityGregoris Ioannou

    8. Regulating Illegal Work in China: Immigration Law and Precarious Migrant StatusMimi Zou

    9. Running into nowhere: Educational migration in Beijing and the conundrum of social and existential mobilitySusanne Bregnbæk

    10. Necropolitics and the Migrant as a Political Subject of Disgust: The Precarious Everyday of Russia’s Labour MigrantsJohn Round and Irina Kuznetsova-Morenko

    11. Mobile commons and/in precarious spaces: Mapping migrant struggles and social resistanceNicos Trimikliniotis, Dimitris Parsanoglou & Vassilis Tsianos

    12. The Working Class and the city as Political Platform in New YorkPeter Schultz Jørgensen

    13. Under the Rainbow: Precarity and People Power in Post-Apartheid South Africa Carl-Ulrik Schierup

  • 49.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Delgado Wise, Raul
    Academic Unit in Development Studies, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico.
    Toksöz, Gülay
    Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Migration, civil society and global governance: An introduction to the special issue2018In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, no 6, p. 733-745Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current special issue examines the development of an emerging globalgovernance on migration and the spaces, roles, strategies and alliancemakingof a composite transnational civil society engaged in issues of rightsand the protection of migrants and their families. This question is connectedwith how different actors – the United Nations, international organizations,governments and a wide variety of civil society organizations and regionaland global trade unions – perceive the root causes of migration, globalinequality and options for sustainable development. The contributionsincluded in the special issue interrogate from different perspectives thepositionality and capacity of civil society to influence the Global Forum forMigration and Development. They examine the opportunities and challengesfaced by civil society in its endeavor to promote a rights-based approachwithin international and intergovernmental fora engaged in setting up aglobal compact for the management of migration and in other global policyspaces.

  • 50.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Likić-Brborić, BrankaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Delgado Wise, RaulDevelopment Studies, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Mexico.Toksöz, GülayDepartment of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations at Ankara University, Turkey.
    Migration, Civil Society and Global Governance2019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do the United Nations, international organizations, governments, corporate actors and a wide variety of civil society organizations and regional and global trade unions perceive the root causes of migration, global inequality and options for sustainable development? This is one of the most pertinent political questions of the 21st century.

    This comprehensive collection examines the development of an emerging global governance on migration with the focus on spaces, roles, strategies and alliance-making of a composite transnational civil society engaged in issues of rights and the protection of migrants and their families. It reveals the need to strengthen networking and convergence among movements that adopt different entry points to the same struggle, from fighting ‘managed’ migration to contesting corporate control of food and land. The authors examine the opportunities and challenges faced by civil society in its endeavour to promote a rights-based approach within international and intergovernmental fora engaged in setting up a global compact for the management of migration, such as the Global Forum for Migration and Development, and in other global policy spaces.

    This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Globalizations.

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