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  • 1.
    Aav, Sebastian
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Adaptive Music System for DirectSound2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the intention of surveying the field of research in adaptive audio systems for interactive media, a suggested audio system design for adaptive music control is described, and a prototype implementation of key parts of the system is presented and evaluated.

    Foregoing midi-triggered sound banks, the proposed design uses layered segmented audio files, defined and controlled by XML-scripts. The results demonstrate an inclination of a flexible system, capable of adequate adaptive behaviour of high quality sound.

    The implemented system will serve as an extensive basis for future work contributing to the research of adaptive behaviour to both music and sound effects for interactive media, and also as a preliminary foray into the more experimental field of stand-alone non-linear music playback.

  • 2.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Den väsentliga vardagen2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, p. 9-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 3.
    Albinsson, Roland
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    Flerkanalspublicering: En kvalitativ undersökning av NTs arbete med att publicera nyheter i flera kanaler.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Multi channel publishing: a qualitative study on how Norrköpings Tidningen publishes news in multiple channels

    Author: Roland Albinsson

    Thesis supervisor: Per-Anders Forstorp

    Background: In this day and age, the media is omnipresent and a part of our daily life. The phenomenon of media convergence can be traced back to the birth of the internet, and today all of the major newspapers have a website of their own. As a result of multichannel publishing, consumers have a wide range of tv channels to choose from, but there is still uncertainty as to whether more channels automatically equates to more and better news. There is no doubt about the fact that multi channel publishing is a necessary survival skill for media conglomerates today, but effects such as news recycling and the concentration of ownership are in conflict with the consumers’ availability demands.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to, by means of a case study, describe how NT’s multi channel publishing is an expression of media convergence, as well as to study how the news are affected by multi channel publishing.

    Research procedure: This study is based on three different research methods, observations, text analyses and qualitative interviews. Interviews were conducted with three employees at NT, which was supplemented by an observational study of the work carried out by the NT employees. Moreover, a text analysis of three news articles that were published in multiple channels at NT was carried out.

    Results: The case study shows that NT is more converged in theory than in practice, and that NT is currently in a development stage of convergence. The results also clarify that NT has an open work environment and advocates that employees work in different publishing channels. It is also possible to find traces of cross promotion at NT. The study indicates that the desire to publish the news in multiple channels gives rise to news recycling and as well as news homogenization, which may impair the quality of the news.

  • 4.
    Allström, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Highway Traffic State Estimation and Short-term Prediction2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic congestion is increasing in almost all large cities, leading to a number of negative effects such as pollution and delays. However, building new roads is not a feasible solution. Instead, the use of the existing road network has to be optimized, together with a shift towards more sustainable transport modes. In order to achieve this there are several challenges that needs to be addressed. One challenge is the ability to provide accurate information about the current and future traffic state. This information is an essential input to the traffic management center and can be used to influence the choices made by the travelers. Accurate information about the traffic state on highways, where the potential to manage and control the traffic in general is very high, would be of great significance for the traffic managers. It would help the traffic managers to take action before the system reaches congestion and limit the effects of it. At the same time, the collection of traffic data is slowly shifting from fixed sensors to more probe based data collection. This requires an adaptation and further development of the traditional traffic models in order for them to handle and take advantage of the characteristics of all types of data, not just data from the traditionally used fixed sensors.

    The objective of this thesis is to contribute to the development and implementation of a model for estimation and prediction of the current and future traffic state and to facilitate an adaptation of the model to the conditions of the highway in Stockholm. The model used is a version of the Cell Transmission Model (CTM-v) where the velocity is used as the state variable. Thus, together with an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) it can be used to fuse different types of point speed measurements. The model is developed to run in real-time for a large network. Furthermore, a two-stage process used to calibrate the model is implemented. The results from the calibration and validation show that once the model is calibrated, the estimated travel times corresponds well with the ground truth travel times collected from Bluetooth sensors.

    In order to produce accurate short-term predictions for various networks and conditions it is vital to combine different methods. We have implemented and evaluated a hybrid prediction approach that assimilates parametric and non-parametric short-term traffic state prediction. To predict mainline sensor data we use a neural network, while the CTM-v is ran forward in time in order to predict future traffic states. The results show that both the hybrid approach and the CTM-v prediction without the additional predicted mainline sensor data is superior to a naïve prediction method for longer prediction horizons.

  • 5.
    Andersson Granberg, Tobias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pilemalm, Sofie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yousefi Mojir, Kayvan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Effektivt sambruk av kommunala resurser för ökad säkerhet och trygghet2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av så kallade semiprofessionella resurser i räddningsinsatser har blivit allt vanligare i Sverige. En semiprofessionell är en person som fått utökade arbetsuppgifter inom respons och räddning inom ramen för sitt ordinarie yrke. Det kanske mest kända exemplet är väktare som responderar på den kommunala räddningstjänstens ärenden.

    I det projekt som avrapporteras här, är syftet att undersöka vilka yrkesgrupper som skulle passa bra som semiprofessionella, och vad som krävs för att de effektivt ska kunna utföra de nya arbetsuppgifterna, bland annat i form av utbildning och utrustning. Vidare syftar projektet till att utvärdera vilken samhällsnytta semiprofessionella kan bidra med. Som studieobjekt används Norrköpings kommun, och via en aktionsforskningsinspirerad metodansats är målet att projektresultaten ska kunna bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i kommunen.

    En kombination av kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder används för att uppnå syftet. Genom workshops identifieras först fyra potentiella yrkesgrupper (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal, hemtjänstpersonal, förvaltningsentreprenörer och väktare), för vilka detaljerad data erhålls via fokusgruppsintervjuer. En grupp (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal) väljs ut för vidare analys, och ytterligare en workshop genomförs, plus ett experiment i form av en simulerad olycka där semiprofessionella får göra en första insats. En prototyp av ett utlarmningssystem tas fram, inklusive en smartphoneapplikation som de semiprofessionella kan använda för att ta emot och hantera larm. Med hjälp av applikationen utförs ett experiment där historiska larm skickas till potentiella semiprofessionella under två månaders tid, och de får svara på om de kan åka eller inte, samtidigt som deras position noteras. Genom att jämföra deltagarnas uppskattade insatstider med räddningstjänstens historiska, kan möjliga insatstidsförkortningar beräknas. Detta kompletteras med en bedömning av vad de kan bidra med i respektive händelse.

    Bedömningen görs enligt en strukturerad metod av professionell personal från två olika räddningstjänstorganisationer. De beräknade insatstiderna och den skattade förmågan vägs samman till en monetär nytta av den semiprofessionella insatsen.

    Resultatet visar att det finns ett stort antal yrkesgrupper som skulle kunna vara lämpliga att nyttja som semiprofessionella. I rapporten redovisas en lista med 23 grupper som anses ha potential och möjlighet att utföra räddningsinsatser som en del av sitt yrke. Vidare redovisas ett antal utmaningar och möjligheter, baserat på analysen av de fyra utvalda grupperna. En konkret sammanställning har gjorts i form av listor på utbildning och utrustning som krävs för att de effektivt kunna utföra sitt nya uppdrag. Dessa krav är förhållandevis enkla att uppfylla, och handlar om grundläggande utbildning i riskbedömning, brandsläckning och livräddande åtgärder, samt utrustning som tex handbrandsläckare och förbandslåda. Mer utmanande är de organisatoriska förändringar som är nödvändiga för att de semiprofessionella akut ska kunna lämna sina pågående arbetsuppgifter, samt hur utlarmningen ska kunna integreras i de tekniska system som används för professionella räddningsresurser. Vidare visar resultaten att semiprofessionella kan larmas, och förväntas göra nytta på en stor mängd olika typer av händelser, dock främst vid händelser med personskador eller akuta sjukdomsförlopp. Den monetära nyttan av att införa ett fåtal (i snitt 3,4 st) semiprofessionella i Norrköping och Linköpings kommuner beräknades till mellan 600 000 och 2 400 000 kr per år, beroende på hur lång tid det tar för de semiprofessionella ifrån att de får larm tills de påbörjar färden mot händelseplatsen.

    En slutsats från projektet är att semiprofessionella skulle bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i Norrköping kommun, om de används som förstainsatsresurser, som ett komplement till befintlig professionell räddningspersonal.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berggren, ChristianLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. University of Sussex.
    Kunskapsintegration och innovation i en internationaliserande ekonomi: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här skriften presenterar ett urval resultat och texter från forskningsprogrammet ”Kunskapsintegration och innovation i en internationaliserande ekonomi” (Knowledge Integration and Innovation in Transnational Enterprise, KITE) som finansierats av Riksbankens Jubileumsfond i två faser under åren 2007–2015. I programmet har vi analyserat hur företag, speciellt i tekniktunga industrier, påverkas av den allt mer globala konkurrensen om nya produkter och tjänster, hur nya specialiserade kunskaper växer fram och tas tillvara, och hur de kan förenas med existerande kunskapsbas. I denna skrift finns studier på tre olika nivåer: branschnivån, med analyser av innovationsprocesser och kunskapsutmaningar i industriella sektorer; företagsnivån, med skildringar av förändringar i företagens interna organisering av kunskapsbildande processer och undersökningar av nya former för utbyte och samspel mellan företag; samt mikronivån, med undersökningar av samspelet mellan individuella specialister inom företag. Skriften vänder sig både till den intresserade allmänheten och till forskare med annan vetenskaplig bakgrund. Fokus är på internationellt konkurrerande branscher och företag, men analyserna av kunskapens delning och sammanflätning, separation och integration, har bäring också på andra kunskapsintensiva sektorer och verksamheter, från statliga verk till sjukvård.

    En vetenskaplig presentation av programmets forskning under de första fyra åren finns i boken Knowledge Integration and Innovation: Critical Challenges Facing International Technology-Based Firms (redigerad av Berggren, Bergek, Bengtsson, Hobday & Söderlund och utgiven av Oxford University Press 2011). En uppföljande volym, Managing Knowledge Integration Across Boundaries, planeras av samma förlag 2016 (redigerad av Tell, Berggren, Brusoni & Van de Ven). I den medverkar ett antal internationella författare vilket visar kunskapsområdets globala tyngd och intresse. Under programmets drygt åtta år har deltagarna publicerat ett mycket stort antal artiklar, konferensbidrag, bokkapitel och liknande. För dessa hänvisar vi till programmets hemsida www.liu.se/kite.

    Vi har under hela programperioden arbetat intensivt med att diskuteraoch konstruktivt kritisera och utveckla varandras bidrag. Därför har det varit naturligt att denna skrift inbegriper många programdeltagares medverkan. En presentation av samtliga medverkande finns i slutet av denna skrift. Följande KITE-forskare har medverkat i nedan angivna kapitel:

    Hans Andersson (kapitel 4)

    Lars Bengtsson (kapitel 7)

    Marie Bengtsson (kapitel 3)

    Anna Bergek (kapitel 2)

    Christian Berggren (kapitel 1)

    Karin Bredin (kapitel 6)

    Cecilia Enberg (kapitel 5, 7)

    Mattias Johansson (kapitel 4)

    Nicolette Lakemond (kapitel 7)

    Lars Lindkvist (kapitel 3)

    Thomas Magnusson (kapitel 1)

    Camilla Niss (kapitel 6)

    Jonas Söderlund (kapitel 6)

    Fredrik Tell (kapitel 5)

    Vi vill också tacka Jenny Björkman på Riksbankens Jubileumsfond och Makadam förlag för deras engagerade arbete med redigering och produktion av slutresultatet.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Jessica
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Faser och teman i en hiphopares liv: Berättelser om hiphop som ungdomskultur2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a narrative study of the hiphop culture as a youth culture. The aim has been to understand how and why young people in middle-sized Swedish towns become hiphopers and also how they look at themselves as members of the hiphop culture.

    The research methods applied are three focus group interviews and one single person interview. The participants are between 20 and 26 years. The hiphoper makes a kind of a career in the culture. To be able to make the career, the hiphoper is dependent of other people with better skills as well as of the society. The thoughts of the hiphopers in question can be summarized in four main themes: gender, attribute, genuine and battle.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Mikael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ted
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Utan publik kan du lägga ner": En intervjustudie om hur svenska elitishockey- och elitfotbollsföreningar använder sig av mediekanaler2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur idrottsföreningar från de två, publikmässigt största sporterna i Sverige, fotboll och ishockey, arbetar med sina medie- och kommunikationskanaler. Med det menar vi hur idrottsföreningarna använder sig av den nya tekniken som sociala medier och andra mediaformer för att utveckla sina föreningar och deras matcharrangemang. Är klubbarna interagerade med sociala medier som Facebook, YouTube och Twitter eller använder de sig av andra mediaformer som videoklipp, ljudfiler med mera? Hur försöker klubbarna locka publik till sina matcher och på vilket sätt arbetar de med sin arena och matcharrangemang? Vi tycker denna undersökning är intressant för att den är aktuell och berör ett ämne som det inte skrivits om i någon större utsträckning.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Åsalill
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM.
    Familjen i samtiden: En studie av konstruktionen av familjeideal i Jonathan Franzens roman Frihet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011 the Swedish translation of Jonathan Franzen's novel Freedom was published in Sweden. The novel tells the story of a middle class family, their relatives and friends, set within a context of political events. As well as in the US, the novel was soon praised by Swedish critics as a generation novel, that illustrates "the way we live now". Around that time a debate about family ideals rose in Sweden. The debate pointed towards discourses about family norms, related to motherhood and divorce. Because of the reception of Freedom as depicting a 'typical' family in contemporary culture, Freedom is used as material in this thesis, to study the construction of family ideals. In this study the family ideal is defined as white, middle class and heterosexual, and an intersectional approach as well as Critical Discourse Analysis is used. The aim of this thesis is to study the family ideal as it is reproduced in Freedom, and compare the results to Social Sciences of Gender, Class and Critical Whiteness Studies. The thesis also studies both the American and the Swedish reception of Freedom, in relation to its content. The study found that a traditional family ideal is constructed, through different discourses. The study also found that subject positions in different social categories are constructed in opposition to each other according to gender, class and whiteness norms. 

  • 10.
    André, Johannes
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Mötesplatser och odling i framtidens städer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är ett examensarbete av undersökande karaktär för att se i vilken riktning man kan gå när man utformar mötesplatser i det offentliga rummet i nya stadsdelar. Utgångspunkten för detta arbete är den nya stadsdelen Ebbepark som håller på att byggas i Linköping i Östergötland. I Ebbepark kommer människor båda att bo och jobba. I studien undersöks om det finns några gemensamma nämnare mellan dessa två grupper (boende och anställda på företag i Linköping) och hur de idag träffar andra människor i sin närhet. Vad som även undersöks är hur de tänker kring hur dessa mötesplatser skulle kunna utformas och vad man skulle kunna göra på en sådan mötesplats. De två undersökta grupperna får även möjligheten att reflektera över om urbana odlingar skulle kunna vara ett inslag i dessa mötesplatser och vad de tror att urbana odlingar skulle kunna bidra med för dem. Från resultaten av den enkätundersökning som har genomförts har det visat sig att det inte återfinns någon signifikant skillnad på någon av frågorna mellan de två olika grupperna i studien. Att det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad mellan grupperna leder till att man enklare kan se i vilken riktning som mötesplatserna kan utformas. Detta kan man då göra genom att studera medelvärden för respektive kvantitativ fråga i enkäten. Det blir även intressant att studera de identifierade teman från en tematisk analys på den kvalitativa delen av enkäten. Detta för att erhålla en djupare förståelse för hur respektive enskild individ resonerar. Från de kvantitativa resultaten ser man att deltagarna överlag ställer sig positivt till växter i närheten av där de jobbar och bor. Det framkommer även att det redan finns några mötesplatser där deltagarna jobbar respektive bor men att de skulle kunna tänka sig fler. Vidare anser de att det finns en poäng med att boende och de arbetande i samma område beblandas och umgås med varandra. Från den tematiska analysen framkom att en mötesplats för de tillfrågade försöksdeltagarna antingen var en plats där man bara kunde vara, umgås och prata med andra människor. Det andra identifierade temat var att man på en mötesplats samlas kring någon form av aktivitet. Dessa två identifierade teman pekar antingen på lågintensiva eller högintensiva mötesplatser. När man vidare studerar fler av de teman som uppkom i analysen så träffades människor ofta i samband med måltider. När de tillfrågades vad man kunde göra på en mötesplats så menade flera personer att de ville prata med andra människor och ville gärna fika. Detta är mer i linje med de lågintensiva mötesplatserna där man inte behöver träffas kring en given aktivitet. Denna kandidatuppsats är ett examensarbete som har genomförts tillsammans med Vissheim och Sankt Kors Fastighets AB. Vissheim är ett nystartat företag som har tagit fram en lösning för autonom odling. Sankt Kors är det företag som driver byggnationen av den nya stadsdelen Ebbepark i Linköping, Östergötland.

  • 11.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Att leva i nuet: förvärvad hjärnskada, hopp(löshet) & identitet2011In: Diagnos och Identitet / [ed] Georg Drakos, Lars-Christer Hydén, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2011, 1, p. 78-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Appelqvist, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Enabling Communication about Gender Equality, Sex and Sexuality for Unaccompanied Refugee Children: To Evade Antagonism concerning Swedes’ Right to be Equals, Sexual and Gay by Accepting and Acknowledging Cultural Dissimilarities2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study researches how communication provided by supervisors working in homes for unaccompanied refugee children about gender equality, sex and sexuality should be conducted and executed for children acclimating to Sweden. This studied topic was founded in the desire expressed by RFSU to demand sexual education for unaccompanied refugee children coming to Sweden. This desire was expressed after unaccompanied refugee boys were discovered to have sexually abused and harassed a number of girls during a youth festival in Stockholm. RFSU, and the president for the Unaccompanied Children’s Union in Sweden, brought to the attention that the cultural backgrounds URC commonly have differ from the Swedish culture concerning gender equality and sexuality. Thus, the issue with communication about gender equality, sex and sexuality intended for unaccompanied refugee children is that it needs to be befitting and susceptible to them according to their usual and previous context. 

    The method used in this study was to implement a qualitative research method of phenomenological nature. Data were mainly accrued through a questionnaire that was answered by supervisors that currently work with unaccompanied refugee children. These answers provided with an understanding, together with the compiled frame of reference, of how to befittingly and susceptibly communicate about gender equality, sex and sexuality with unaccompanied refugee children acclimating to Sweden. Keep in mind, not all unaccompanied refugee children who come to Sweden are in fact refugees. However, to distinguish these children who come from other countries from other children in general, the choice was made to continue calling them unaccompanied refugee children throughout this study.   

    The conclusions drawn from the result of this study ended up being four. The first is that not all unaccompanied refugee children are alike, and can therefore not be seen as one identical target group. The second is that unaccompanied refugee children’s previous cultural and religious contexts, with their previous experiences about gender equality, sex and sexuality, need to be considered, along with the suitability of how to execute such information. The third conclusion is to naturally, and clearly, discuss and debate on a regular basis with a suitable supervisor. The fourth is that media, for instance pornography, can provide misguided and biased information. The practical recommendations that these conclusions resulted in are also four, and are as follows; 1) to create multiple communication materials as to satisfy most children’s needs and attitudes, 2) to learn about URC’s previous cultural and religious contexts, and their previous experiences, and have different suitable information sessions based on the needed level of privacy, 3) to discuss and debate gender equality, sex and sexuality on a regular basis in a natural setting through a suitable supervisor, and 4) to include media, especially pornography, when discussing and debating about gender equality, sex and sexuality. 

  • 13.
    Arnér, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlsson, Joakim
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Festival - mer än bara musik: En studie kring vad ideella festivaler får för betydelse i dess kommuner och hur bilden av festivaler har utvecklats i Sverige2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna C-uppsats har vi undersökt hur ideella arrangemang av svenska festivaler går till. Vi har valt ut Hultsfredsfestivalen i Hultsfredskommun och Skogsröjet i Finspångskommun för att kunna analysera debatten kring festivaler i det lokala och nationella medianätverken samt även hur samarbetet mellan kommun och festival har utvecklats. Vi utgick från teorier av Andy Bennett där han diskuterar vikten av festivaler kopplat till ungdomskultur och att en festival är så mycket mer än bara en plats att lyssna på musik, som även stöttades upp av andra teorier av bland annat Kirstie Jamieson. Vi genomförde en analys och jämförde de teorier vi utgick ifrån med den historiska utvecklingen av festivalerna, för att sedan kunna se vad festivalerna har bidragit till i respektive ort som de äger rum på. En fråga som vi har utgått ifrån är om festivaler har utvecklats till den grad att de idag kan ses som kulturarv. Materialet i uppsatsen är till stor del intervjubaserad där vi har intervjuat Stefan Arvidsson festivalgeneral på Skogsröjet, Mårten Hafström kulturutvecklingschef för Finspångskommun och Thorbjörn Svan journalist och informationsstrateg på utvecklingskontoret inom Hultsfredskommun. När intervjuerna var klara jämfördes resultatet från intervjuerna med de tidningsartiklar som funnits kring respektive festival. Resultatet blev att en festival har en väldigt stor betydelse för de två kommunerna som Skogsröjet och Hultsfredsfestivalen ägt rum på. Samarbetet mellan bägge dessa festivaler och kommunerna har inte varit optimalt men försök har genomförts att stärka samarbetet. Slutsatsen är att ett samarbete mellan kommunen och en festival kan vara avgörande för en festivals existens. Festivaler bidrar till så mycket mer än bara musik, det ger bland annat en ort möjligheten att visa upp sig och bidrar till näringslivet. I Hultsfredsfestivalens fall så kom majoriteten av kommunens stöd under slutskedet av festivalens existens då de insåg hur pass betydelsefull festivalen var för dem. Idag hyllas festivalen i Hultsfred och man försöker bevara upplevelsen av festivalen. I Skogsröjets fall så återstår arbete att genomföra för att stärka samarbetet till kommunen, men ett intresse finns att göra mer än att bara vara ett ekonomiskt stöd. Vår förhoppning är med denna uppsats att belysa hur pass viktigt samarbetet är mellan kommun och festival. Ett bra samarbete kan vara avgörande i en festivals existens, men även media kan ha en betydande roll då de bidrar med berättelser kring festivaler i medieformer.

  • 14.
    Arvola, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karsvall, Arvid
    Södertörns Högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och IT, Medieteknik.
    Tholander, Jakob
    Stockholms universitet, Mobile Life.
    Values and qualities in interaction design meetings2011In: The Endless End: The 9th International European Academy of Design Conference. Porto, Portugal, May 4-7, 2011., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How are values and qualities expressed in interaction design? Previous research into this topic has largely been conceptual. How interaction designers and clients actually reason has only been touched upon in empirical studies. The research question for this paper is how interaction designers, as a collective and in an unfolding design process, concretize values and qualities in meetings with clients. By way of video recordings, we have analyzed two interaction design workshops. The analysis indicated that values were concretized top-down, from general conceptions and the design brief given, while also explored bottom-up. Several kinds of communicative means (e.g. talk, gestures, whiteboards, post-it notes) were used to animate values and design visions. Mixing a top-down and bottom-up approach allowed the designers to be both prescriptive and sensitive the uniqueness of the design situation. Thedifferences in communicative means did not really matter for how values and qualities weremade concrete. What mattered was that people really started talking with each other.

  • 15.
    Askenberger, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hur är relationen mellan kommunikationen i en crowdfundingkampanj och dess utfall? En studie av glassprojekt i USA på kickstarter.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study previous research on the factors that contributed to successful crowdfunding campaigns have been compiled and a survey carried out on successful ice cream projects from kickstarter.com. Crowdfunding is a relative new way of collecting investment money; this is done by asking the public for small donation to raise a big amount and by that achieve the campaign goal. Communication in a crowdfunding campaign seems to have tremendous impact on a project’s success, and the conclusion from previous studies is that a project must be of high quality to do well. The result of the Ice Cream Projects analyzed indicated that the number of project updates correlates to the result. Video length does not correlate with the results and is not a measure of the campaign's quality. The number of private Facebook friends the creator of the project has affects campaign performance. The likely explanation is that the majority of donations is from friends and family, and these donations may be an indication to others that the project is serious and thus attracts the more donations.

  • 16.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Climate change frames and frame formation: An analysis of climate change communication in the Swedish agricultural sector2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research into understandings of climate change has usually examined general public perceptions and mainstream media representations, this thesis offers an audience-specific departure point by analysing climate change frames and frame formation in Swedish agriculture. The empirical material consists of Swedish farm magazines’ reporting on climate change, as well as eight focus group discussions among Swedish farmers on the topic of climate change and climate change information. The analysis demonstrates that while Swedish farm magazines frame climate change in terms of conflict, scientific uncertainty, and economic burden, farmers in the focus groups tended to concentrate on whether climate change was a natural or human-induced phenomenon, and viewed climate change communication as an issue of credibility. It was found that farm magazines use metaphorical representations of war and games to form the overall frames of climate change. In contrast, the farmers’  frames of natural versus human-induced climate change were formed primarily using experience-based and non-experience-based arguments, both supported with analogies, distinctions, keywords, metaphors, and prototypical examples. Furthermore, discussions of what constitutes credible climate information centred on conflict-versus consensus-oriented frames of climate change communication along with different views of the extent to which knowledge of climate change is and should be practically or analytically based. This analysis of climate change communication in the Swedish agricultural sector proposes that the sense-making processes of climate change are complex, involving associative thinking and experience-based knowledge that form interpretations of climate change and climate change information.

    List of papers
    1. Framings and coverage of climate change in Swedish specialized farming magazines
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framings and coverage of climate change in Swedish specialized farming magazines
    2013 (English)In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 117, no 1-2, p. 197-209Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is a fundamental challenge for which agriculture is sensitive and   vulnerable. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has identified relevant information as key to enabling appropriate climate adaptation and mitigation action. Information specifically directed to farmers can be found, for example, in specialized farming magazines.

    While recent studies examine how national news media frame climate change, less —if any —studies have addressed climate framings and coverage in specialized media. Media framings are storylines that provide meaning by communicating how and why an issue should be seen as a problem, how it should be handled, and who is responsible for it. This paper analyses the framings and coverage of climate change in two Swedish specialized farming magazines from 2000 to 2009. It examines the extent of the climate change coverage, the content of the media items, and the dominant framings underlying their climate change coverage. The study identifies: increased coverage of climate change starting in 2007; frequent coverage of agriculture 's contribution to climate change, climate change impacts on agriculture, and consequences of climate politics for agriculture; and four prominent frames: conflict, scientific certainty, economic burden, and action. The paper concludes that climate change communicators addressing farmers and agricultural extension officers should pay attention to how these frames may be interpreted by different target audiences. Research is needed on how specialized media reports on climate-related issues and how science-based climate information is understood  by different groups of farmers and which other factors influence farmers’ engagement in climate mitigation and adaptation.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013
    Keywords
    climate change, media representation, media frames, farming magazines, communication; specialized media
    National Category
    Media Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80851 (URN)10.1007/s10584-012-0535-0 (DOI)000316128700014 ()
    Projects
    Ett konkurrenskraftigt jordbruk-kommunikation kring klimatförändringar och nya möjligheter (SLF)Baltic Challenges and Chances for local and regional development generated by Climate Change (BalticClimate)
    Available from: 2012-08-31 Created: 2012-08-31 Last updated: 2018-01-12
    2. Metaphors in climate discourse: an analysis of Swedish farm magazines
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metaphors in climate discourse: an analysis of Swedish farm magazines
    2011 (English)In: JCOM - Journal of Science Communication, ISSN 1824-2049, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines communicative aspects of climate change, identifying and analysing metaphors used in specialized media reports on climate change, and discussing the aspects of climate change these metaphors emphasize and neglect. Through a critical discourse analysis of the two largest Swedish farm magazines over the 2000–2009 period, this study finds that greenhouse, war, and game metaphors were the most frequently used metaphors in the material. The analysis indicates that greenhouse metaphors are used to ascribe certain natural science characteristics to climate change, game metaphors to address positive impacts of climate change, and war metaphors to highlight negative impacts of climate change. The paper concludes by discussing the contrasting and complementary metaphorical representations farm magazines use to conventionalize climate change.

    Keywords
    climate change, media, metaphors, farm magazine, climate change communication
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71870 (URN)
    Projects
    Grant from the Swedish Farmers’ Foundation for Agricultural Research as part of the research program “Competitively strengthened agriculture: communication about climate change and new possibilities”.
    Available from: 2011-11-08 Created: 2011-11-08 Last updated: 2017-12-08
    3. “Do you believe in climate change?” Swedish farmers’ joint construction of climate perceptions
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>“Do you believe in climate change?” Swedish farmers’ joint construction of climate perceptions
    2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change has shifted from being regarded as an exclusively physical phenomenon to being a social phenomenon as well, entailing many interpretations and multidimensional frames. This shift calls for an understanding of how various audiences and segments of the public understand climate change. This paper analyses how Swedish farmers perceive climate change and how they jointly shape and construct their understandings. The agricultural sector is of special interest because it both contributes to and is directly affected by climate change impact. Through focus group discussions with Swedish farmers, this study finds that: 1) farmers relate to and understand climate change through their own experience, and 2) climate change is understood either as a natural process subject to little or no human influence or as anthropogenic. The article ends by discussing frame resonance and frame clash in public understandings of climate change, and by comparing potential similarities and differences in how various segments of the public make sense of climate change.

    Keywords
    Agriculture, climate change communication, climate perceptions, focus groups, frame analysis
    National Category
    Media Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105995 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Communicating Climate Science: A Matter of Credibility: Swedish Farmers' Perceptions of Climate-Change Information
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Communicating Climate Science: A Matter of Credibility: Swedish Farmers' Perceptions of Climate-Change Information
    2018 (English)In: The International Journal of Climate Change, ISSN 1835-7156, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the climate change communication literature, the concept of framing is increasingly used to discuss various understandings of climate change. This paper addresses the under-researched question of how specific audiences perceive the adequacy of various climate change frames, by exploring how Swedish farmers make sense of climate change information. Based on focus group discussions with farmers, the paper explores what communicators, or frame articulators, Swedish farmers perceive as central and how farmers judge the credibility of potential frame articulators in climate change communication. The paper discusses 1) the credibility of frame articulators as a matter of perceived independence and impartiality, 2) empirical credibility—whether farmers were able to verify the claims underlying climate change frames—as a matter of practical experience versus analytical reasoning, and 3) frame consistency, i.e. whether climate change frames correspond to audience beliefs and claims.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Common Ground Publishing, 2018
    Keywords
    Climate Change Communication; Frame Analysis; Frame Credibility; Agriculture; Focus Groups
    National Category
    Media Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105996 (URN)10.18848/1835-7156/CGP/v10i01/23-38 (DOI)
    Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2018-03-05Bibliographically approved
  • 17.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Communicating Climate Science: A Matter of Credibility: Swedish Farmers' Perceptions of Climate-Change Information2018In: The International Journal of Climate Change, ISSN 1835-7156, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the climate change communication literature, the concept of framing is increasingly used to discuss various understandings of climate change. This paper addresses the under-researched question of how specific audiences perceive the adequacy of various climate change frames, by exploring how Swedish farmers make sense of climate change information. Based on focus group discussions with farmers, the paper explores what communicators, or frame articulators, Swedish farmers perceive as central and how farmers judge the credibility of potential frame articulators in climate change communication. The paper discusses 1) the credibility of frame articulators as a matter of perceived independence and impartiality, 2) empirical credibility—whether farmers were able to verify the claims underlying climate change frames—as a matter of practical experience versus analytical reasoning, and 3) frame consistency, i.e. whether climate change frames correspond to audience beliefs and claims.

  • 18.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “Do you believe in climate change?” Swedish farmers’ joint construction of climate perceptions2014Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change has shifted from being regarded as an exclusively physical phenomenon to being a social phenomenon as well, entailing many interpretations and multidimensional frames. This shift calls for an understanding of how various audiences and segments of the public understand climate change. This paper analyses how Swedish farmers perceive climate change and how they jointly shape and construct their understandings. The agricultural sector is of special interest because it both contributes to and is directly affected by climate change impact. Through focus group discussions with Swedish farmers, this study finds that: 1) farmers relate to and understand climate change through their own experience, and 2) climate change is understood either as a natural process subject to little or no human influence or as anthropogenic. The article ends by discussing frame resonance and frame clash in public understandings of climate change, and by comparing potential similarities and differences in how various segments of the public make sense of climate change.

  • 19.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Metaphors in climate discourse: an analysis of Swedish farm magazines2011In: JCOM - Journal of Science Communication, ISSN 1824-2049, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines communicative aspects of climate change, identifying and analysing metaphors used in specialized media reports on climate change, and discussing the aspects of climate change these metaphors emphasize and neglect. Through a critical discourse analysis of the two largest Swedish farm magazines over the 2000–2009 period, this study finds that greenhouse, war, and game metaphors were the most frequently used metaphors in the material. The analysis indicates that greenhouse metaphors are used to ascribe certain natural science characteristics to climate change, game metaphors to address positive impacts of climate change, and war metaphors to highlight negative impacts of climate change. The paper concludes by discussing the contrasting and complementary metaphorical representations farm magazines use to conventionalize climate change.

  • 20.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Natural versus anthropogenic climate change: Swedish farmers joint construction of climate perceptions2016In: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 560-575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research into understandings of climate change has usually examined general public perceptions, this study offers an audience-specific departure point. This article analyses how Swedish farmers perceive climate change and how they jointly shape their understandings. The agricultural sector is of special interest because it both contributes to and is directly affected by climate change. Through focus group discussions with Swedish farmers, this study finds that (1) farmers relate to and understand climate change through their own experiences, (2) climate change is understood either as a natural process subject to little or no human influence or as anthropogenic and (3) various communication tools contribute to the formation of natural and anthropogenic climate change frames. The article ends by discussing frame resonance and frame clash in public understanding of climate change and by comparing potential similarities and differences in how various segments of the public make sense of climate change.

  • 21.
    Asplund, Therese
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Framings and coverage of climate change in Swedish specialized farming magazines2013In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 117, no 1-2, p. 197-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is a fundamental challenge for which agriculture is sensitive and   vulnerable. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has identified relevant information as key to enabling appropriate climate adaptation and mitigation action. Information specifically directed to farmers can be found, for example, in specialized farming magazines.

    While recent studies examine how national news media frame climate change, less —if any —studies have addressed climate framings and coverage in specialized media. Media framings are storylines that provide meaning by communicating how and why an issue should be seen as a problem, how it should be handled, and who is responsible for it. This paper analyses the framings and coverage of climate change in two Swedish specialized farming magazines from 2000 to 2009. It examines the extent of the climate change coverage, the content of the media items, and the dominant framings underlying their climate change coverage. The study identifies: increased coverage of climate change starting in 2007; frequent coverage of agriculture 's contribution to climate change, climate change impacts on agriculture, and consequences of climate politics for agriculture; and four prominent frames: conflict, scientific certainty, economic burden, and action. The paper concludes that climate change communicators addressing farmers and agricultural extension officers should pay attention to how these frames may be interpreted by different target audiences. Research is needed on how specialized media reports on climate-related issues and how science-based climate information is understood  by different groups of farmers and which other factors influence farmers’ engagement in climate mitigation and adaptation.

  • 22.
    Aunaas, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Marknadsföring: ur ett slöjd-, hantverk- och formgivningsperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändring sker! Med en snabbt växande informationsspridning och teknikutveckling kommer vi möjligtvis behöva ändra vår syn på marknadsföring. Eller?

    Med detta arbete är syftet att undersöka hur marknadsföring går till idag och vilka marknadsföringskanaler som används. I arbetet läggs fokus på att tydliggöra en djupare uppfattning om marknadsförings-ämnet hos fyra informanter. Undersökningen genomförs med en teoribakgrund om viktiga delar inom marknadsföring, så som sociala medier och varumärkets roll i sammanhanget. Därefter utformas en enkät som skickas till de tillfrågade per mail. Informanterna delar med sig av deras uppfattningar kring deras egen marknadsföringsprofil.

    Med olika förutsättningar för verksamheten läggs det mer och mindre vikt vid olika delar i marknadsföringen hos de olika informanterna. Oberoende av examinationstid skiljer informanterna på hur de väljer att uttrycka sig i marknadsföringen. Fokus ligger på att framhäva ett tydligt bild- och formspråk, främja varumärket och förståelsen hos kunder, hitta rätt bärare och att skriva och visa bilder på egen tillverkning. Diskussionen förs i koppling till teoribakgrunden och om det finns samband med tidigare forskning och en bakomliggande anledning till val av marknadsföringskanaler. Finns det skillnader mellan att vara examinerad formgivare på 1900–talet kontra att vara examinerad som formgivare på 2000–talet. 

  • 23.
    Avdan, Nazli
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Collaborative Competition’: Stance-taking and Positioning in the European Parliament2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Parliament (EP) is the scene where certain issues concerning over 500 million ‘Europeans’ are publicly debated and where politically relevant groupings are discursively coconstructed. While the Members of the Parliament (MEPs) pursue their political agendas, intergroup boundaries are drawn, reinforced, and/or transgressed. Speakers constantly take stances on behalf of groupings in relation to some presupposed other groupings and argue what differentiates ‘Self’ from ‘Others’. This study examines patterns of language use by the MEPs as they engage in the contextually and historically situated dialogical processes of intergroup positioning and stance-taking. It further focuses on the strategic and competitive activities of grouping, grounding, and alignment in order to reveal the dynamic construction of intergroup boundaries.

    The study is based on a collection of Blue-card question-answer sequences from the plenary debates held at the EP in 2011, when the Sovereign Debt Crisis had been stabilized to some degree but still evoked plenty of controversy.

    Theoretically the study builds on Stance Theory (Du Bois, 2007), Positioning Theory (Davies & Harré, 1990), and several broadly social constructivist approaches to discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1995).

    The analysis shows that intergroup positioning in the EP emerges as what I call a ‘collaborative competition’ between contradictory ideologies and political agendas. The MEPs strategically manipulate their opponents' prior or projected utterances in order to set up positions for self, a grouping he or she stands for, and thereby its adversaries. All participants engage in the maintenance and negotiation of intergroup boundaries, even though the boundaries hardly ever coincide between the different speakers. They discursively fence off some imaginary territories, leaving their adversaries with vague positions.

    When asking Blue-card questions, the MEPs use a particular turn organization, which involves routine forms of interactional units, namely addressing, question framing and question forms, each of which is shown to contribute to stance-taking. A dynamic model of stance-taking is suggested, allowing for a fluid transformation of the stance object as well as the discursively constructed stance-takers.

    While Blue-card questions are meant to serve as a structured procedure for eliciting information from a speaker, the analysis demonstrates that the MEPs accomplish various divergent actions that serve intergroup positioning. The dissertation thus contributes to the understanding of the discursive games played in the EP as the MEPs strive to construct social realities that fit their political ends.

  • 24.
    Axell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Boström, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden.
    Preschoolers’ Conceptions of Technological Artefacts and Gender in Picture Books2016In: PATT-32 Proceedings Technology Education for 21st Century Skills / [ed] J. de Vries, Arien Bekker-Holtland and Gerald van Dijk, ITEEA , 2016, p. 57-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Picture books are a frequent element of daily preschool activities (Damber, Nilsson & Ohlsson, 2013; Simonsson, 2004; SOU 2006:75). They are important pedagogical tools that can help children acquire an understanding of the everyday technology they come in contact with, as well as the human application of technology (Axell, 2015; Axell & Boström, 2015). These are skills that are emphasised in the Swedish preschool curriculum. In the curriculum it is also stated that the preschool should counteract traditional gender patterns and gender roles (Skolverket, 2010). However, an investigation of a selection of picture books aimed at preschool children shows that the books content is somewhat problematic. Many of the picture books provide a focus on the function of separate artefacts without any sort of context or explanation of their implications in a societal context. There also tends to be an emphasis on traditional masculine-coded technology in the books. Building and making and working with machines is depicted as a male activity. The male stereotype is essentially connected with different kinds of vehicles like cars, airplanes, motorbikes, tractors etc. (Axell & Boström, 2015; See also Holbrok, 2008). Based on these previous findings, the aim of this pilot study was to obtain an initial concept about how children’s literature may influence preschool children’s view on technological artefacts. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with four five-year-olds, two girls and two boys. Through a thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) three overarching themes were identified: The relationship between design and function, anthropomorphic animals as users of artefacts, and gender and artefacts. Some of the key findings were that the 5-year-olds did not know what “technology” is, but had good knowledge about tools. Additionally, they did not genderise any of the artefacts included in the study.

  • 25.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    History on the Web: Museums, Digital Media and Participation2010In: History of Participatory Media: Politics and Publics, 1750-2000 / [ed] Anders Ekström, Solveig Jülich, Frans Lundgren and Per Wisselgren, New York/London: Routledge , 2010, p. 158-172-Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines how one particular museum deals with new media by investigating the ways in which politics of participation are conveyed through two websites. It begins with the proposition that it is neither the museum nor the media per se that sets the conditions for participation, but the socio-technical arrangements they form. Software that provides for discussions among people who share the same interest seems to be congenial to experience-centered hobbies like living history and re-enactment, wheras an interface set up for hypertextual navigation within a set of pre-provided information might be more appropriate for an institution intent on educating the general public. It is argued that both the museum's main website and the investigated on-line forum for historical re-enactors are closed for the airing of contentious political issues. However the internet policy of the media department became a political issue at the museum.   

  • 26.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, VITS - Development of Informations Systems and Work Context. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, VITS - Development of Informations Systems and Work Context. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Citizens’ Attitudes towards Electronic Identification in a Public E-service Context: An Essential Perspective in the eID Development Process2012In: Electronic Government: 11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2012, Kristiansand, Norway, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] Hans J. Scholl, Marijn Janssen, Maria A. Wimmer, Carl Erik Moe, Leif Skiftenes Flak, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, p. 260-272Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2012, held in Delft, The Netherlands, in September 2012. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more then 80 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on foundations; adoption and diffusion; open government and transformation; infrastructure and technology; evaluation; and citizen perspective, social inclusion, and social media. 

  • 27.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Granath, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    In search of ICT in smart cities: Policy documents as idea carriers in urban development2016In: Electronic government: 15th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2016, Guimarães, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, 2016, Vol. 9820, p. 215-227Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how policy documents carry and institutionalize smart city ideas from high policy level to concrete policy level in an urban development context. We analyze the national urban development vision for Sweden and documents in a local urban development project in a Swedish city, in order to explore what kind of roles and expectations ICT is given in these documents. We contrast this with views of how social and environmental aspects are discussed in the studied documents. In order to understand and analyze the result we apply the concept of institutional carriers from institutional theory to our findings. Our analysis shows that as carriers of how ICT can contribute to increased sustainabilityin urban development, the policy documents do not function very well. ICT aspects are not put forth by any policy-making actor, neither on national nor on local level. The notion of institutional carriers helped us understand that without a responsible actor focusing on ICT’s role in smart cities, it is easy to forget or lose sight of technology

  • 28.
    Axelsson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Studie av nyttan med teknisk dokumentation tillgänglig på handdator - utveckling av prototyp2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På sektionen Flygsystem/Teknik på Saab Aerotech har man gedigen erfarenhet av att ta fram underhållsinstruktioner för försvarsmaktens flygande system. En mängd olika typer av underhållsinstruktioner produceras inom avdelningen. Volymen på instruktionerna är stor och revisionsfrekvensen på olika delar varierar mellan 20 gånger per år till en gång var 18:de månad. Gemensamt för alla är att de presenteras och distribueras i tryckformat. Försvarsmakten har börjat digitalisera distributionen, men då instruktionen ska användas skrivs den ut på papper.

    Nu finns tekniken för att göra underhållsinstruktionerna mer intelligenta ur användarens perspektiv. Alltså att ge användaren ett effektivare och bättre verktyg. För sektionen är det mycket viktigt, inte minst ur affärssynpunkt, att följa med i teknikutvecklingen. Det är också viktigt att erbjuda kunden en produkt där all information som kan behövas finns samlad på ett smidigare sätt än i dagens system.

    Syftet med det här examensarbetet är att undersöka hur en publikation kan utvecklas och förbättras genom att utnyttja interaktivitet och multimedia; beskriva vilka krav produktionen av en sådan publikation ställer på hårdvara, mjukvara och personalkompetens; samt slutligen ta fram en prototyppublikation för handdator.

    Idéer om hur prototypen skulle kunna se ut utvecklades genom en användarcentrerad metod. Både slutanvändarna av publikationen samt producenterna av den analyserades liksom de bägge gruppernas uppgifter. Dessa idéer renodlades och prototypen utvecklades. Resultatet är en prototyp för hur en digital publikation kan se ut samt en beskrivning av vilka möjliga fördelar den ger användarna.

    Resultaten av analysen och erfarenheterna från prototyparbetet ledde fram till en idé om hur en utvecklingsprocess för strukturerad teknisk information kan se ut, samt vilka krav detta kommer att ställa på utvecklarna.

  • 29.
    Babic, Ankica
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Univeristy of Bergen, Norway.
    The era of digital and electronic waste2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Backlund, Emma
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Davidsson, Emmie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Det ansiktslösa samtalet: En kvalitativ studie om professionella samtal via internet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether social counselling via chat conversations could meet the criteria for a professional conversation, and how the six social workers who were interviewed felt that it had affected the profession and the clients who are seeking their help.

    Communication, professionality, power, roles and regions are the key topics of this study. A hermeneutic approach has not only influenced the interviews but also the content analysis that was used to encode the results.

    The interviews revealed that the chat conversations was a successful tool but not entirely without difficulties. The initial contact making between the client and the social worker favours the client, since she/he remains anonymous and that was the main advantage of the method. The biggest concern however was that in the anonymity it is not possible to report cases that the social worker are obligated to. The changing of forum does not necessarily affect the professionality but due to the faceless chat conversation an entire dimension of communication disappears because the loss of body language. Therefore, the traditional face-to-face conversation contains a value that is hard to replace

  • 31.
    Ballantyne, Anne Gammelgaard
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
    Schmid Neset, Tina-Simone
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Localizing Climate Change: Nordic Homeowners' Interpretations of Visual Representations for Climate Adaptation2018In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, no 5, p. 638-652Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, effort has been put into developing various forms of climate visualization to create opportunities for people to explore and learn about local climate change risks and adaptation options. However, how target audiences make sense of such climate visualization has rarely been studied from a communication perspective. This paper analyses how Nordic homeowners made sense of a specific climate visualization tool, the VisAdapt™ tool. Involving 35 homeowners from three cities in 15 group test sessions, this study analyses the interpretive strategies participants applied to make sense of and assess the relevance of the visualized data. The study demonstrates that participants employed a set of interpretive strategies relating to personal experience and well-known places to make sense of the information presented, and that critical negotiation of content played an important role in how participants interpreted the content.

  • 32.
    Bartosiewicz, Eva
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Hansson, Ulrica
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
    Utformning av projektmodell för kreativ dokumentation av industriverksamhet2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a master thesis at Linköping´s University. The report deals with project models that can be applied at projects where information materials are developed. The idea to this thesis was developed when SSAB ordered an information film that was going to be used in purchases with new suppliers. The film was going to illustrate how the products of SSAB should be handled. The film project was extensive and to manage creating a film with a satisfactory result, the workflow demanded good structure. Different project models were examined, and when no model that suited this kind of project was found, an own model was created, the EUF-model. The model was developed and tested at the film project at SSAB. Afterward the model could be evaluated and improved were weakness was discovered in the model.

    The result was a model that can be used when manufacturing information material, where the model can be adjusted to the specific project. The model was only evaluated on a film project, which biased the result. But the expectations are that the EUF-model can be used on all modes of information materials, such as film, folders and information pages on the Internet.

  • 33.
    Beckman, Svante
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tema Q:s bakgrund och utveckling2012In: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: Problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002 - 2012 / [ed] Svante Beckman, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, p. 8-33Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Formellt uppstod Tema Q den 1 januari 2000. Fakultetsbesluten att inrätta det nya temat Kulturarv och kulturproduktion hade fattats i november och december året innan. På pappret fanns då två tjänsteinnehavare. Det var musikvetaren Anders Wiklund och jag. Anders Wiklunds professur delades med Göteborgs universitet och han hade rekryterats av Linköpings rektor Anders Flodström som ett led i universitetets stöd till Vadstena-Akademien, vars konstnärlige ledare Wiklund var. Min professur på 20% flyttades från Tema Teknik och social förändring i Linköping, där jag varit verksam sedan starten 1980. På 80% tjänstgjorde jag som föreståndare för Arbetslivsinstitutets  forskningsstation, Arbete och kultur, i Norrköping. Till Tema Q :s ursprungliga kollegium räknades också museologen Erik Hofrén, som var adjungerad professor vid universitetet på halvtid och föreståndare för det Centrum för studier av det industriella kulturarvet, CSIK, som hade inrättats 1997. Det gjorde även den teoretiske filosofen Jens Cavallin, departementssekreterare vid Kulturdepartementet, som genomförde ett regeringsuppdrag om mediekoncentration placerad vid Linköpings universitet i Norrköping.

    I temats första budget på 1,7 miljoner ingick lönemedel för de två nya professurer som fakulteten hade tilldelat temat. I avvaktan på att dessa skulle tillsättas sparades en stor del av pengarna för att bidra till finansiering av framtida doktorander. En del användes för att på deltid låna in Kalle Bäck och Lasse Kvarnström från enheten för Historia vid Temainstitutionen i Linköping, för att hjälpa till med förberedelserna för professorstillsättningarna, forskningsinventeringar och ansökningar om externa forskningsanslag.

    Vid tillkomsten var Tema Q det nionde och, mätt i fakultetsanslag, minsta av filosofiska fakultetens karaktäristiska teman inrättade sedan starten 1980. År 2011 är Tema Q det till fakultetsanslaget största av de återstående fem officiella temana* med fakultetsmedel på cirka 14 miljoner och totala intäkter på 22. Verksamma vid temat enligt den senaste årsberättelsen var 3 administratörer, 7 professorer, 12 externfinansierade forskare, 14 doktorander och 9 affilierade forskare. Sedan den första disputationen 2006 har 23 doktorer utexaminerats. Cirka 400 publikationer i universitets publikationsdatabas har genererats av personer under deras anställningstid vid Tema Q. Miljön är den största för forskning om kulturens roll i samhället i Norden. Det handlar om en ganska dramatisk expansion.

    Hur gick det här till ? Jag ska försöka besvara frågan med hjälp av kommenterad krönika över märkesår i Tema Q :s utveckling.** Sedan 2002, det första riktiga verksamhetsåret, kan man i detalj följa utvecklingen i temats årsberättelser. Den innehållsliga utvecklingen av forskning och forskarutbildning vid Tema Q beskrivs översiktligt i de närmaste åtta avsnitten i denna bok. Det motiverar att jag lagt huvudvikten vid utvecklingen fram till 2002. Avslutningsvis gör jag några reflektioner över dynamiken i processen.

  • 34.
    Bergenheim, Fannie
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barnboksskrivande: - En kvalitativ studie om framställande ochpublicering av barnböcker2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a children's book is suggested to be prepared in order to be accepted for publication by a publishing house in Sweden today.

    My questions was first to clarify the concept of a "children's book". Secondly, to understand if there are any guidelines to follow regarding the design and illustration of a children´s book, and how to proceed with the best chances of getting a mauscript published.

    To answer the question, I have chosen to use a qualitative method containing questionnaire items involving eleven Swedish publishers of children's literature.

    My results show that children's books includes all literature that has an target audience of people between 0-18 years of age. The most important thing is that the book's material is appropriate to the target group's level of mental perceptions and emotional competence. The material which then is submitted to the publisher will need to be of the highest quality and the author must investigate a consistent niche in order to submit the material to a publisher.

  • 35.
    Bergman, Helén
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Jönsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Studenters syn på kommunikationskanaler och miljöarbete: – Exemplet Linköpings Universitet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunikation är en viktig del av en organisations miljöarbete, för att information ska kunna spridas på bästa möjliga sätt är det viktigt att kommunikationen fungerar. Kommunikation är en viktig beståndsdel i arbetet med att utbilda ungdomar och studenter i miljöfrågor. För att kunna förmedla information är det av yttersta vikt att man använder sig av effektiva kommunikationskanaler. Det är viktigt för organisationer att de vet vilken information som skall kommuniceras samt med hjälp av vilka kommunikationskanaler.

    Den här uppsatsen är en studie på Linköpings Universitet där det övergripande syftet var att undersöka vilka kommunikationskanaler som kan användas för att nå ut till studenter. Syftet var även att undersöka hur studenterna ser på Linköpings Universitets miljöarbete. För att insamla empiri använde vi oss av intervjuundersökningar bland studenterna på Linköpings Universitets olika campus.

    Det vi bland annat kom fram till i vår undersökning bland studenterna på Linköping Universitet var att respondenterna använder sig av Linköpings Universitets hemsida regelbundet, därför bör information förmedlas via denna. Information som förmedlas bör vara intresseväckande samt kort och konkret eftersom detta ökar möjligheterna att mottagarna snabbt tar till sig informationen, vilket leder till att möjligheterna att informationen sprids till omgivningen ökar. För att kommunikationskanalerna ska fungera så effektivt som möjligt är det viktigt att de är strukturerade och överskådliga.

  • 36.
    Bergman, Linda
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Söderquist, Caroline
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Hur formas informationen?: En diskursanalytisk studie av institutionella medier och bloggar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar ämnet information och undersöker hur texten formas och skapas av aktörerna. Fokus ligger på hur informationen skiljer sig mellan bloggar och institutionell media, vilket innebär såväl tryckta tidningar som webbtidningar. Norman Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys samt Jürgen Habermas teori om det privata och det offentliga sätter ramen för uppsatsen där morgontidningen DN, kvällstidningen Expressen och olika blogginlägg analyseras. Vi ska utifrån en händelse se hur informationen formas av den som berättar historien. Analysen görs till en början på mikronivå genom en textanalys, för att sedan övergå till en strukturanalys där maktstrukturerna i samhället synliggörs. Uppsatsen poängterar att en text alltid påverkas av den sociala och diskursiva praktiken då en text alltid är en del av ett produktionsled och ett sammanhang. Det förs också en diskussion kring problematiken med att dra en gräns mellan det privata och det offentliga då just bloggar befinner sig i gränslandet och att det därför är svårt att definiera vad som är privat och vad som är offentligt.

  • 37.
    Bergqvist, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ​Ökad mobilitet, delaktighet och frihet ― IKT-stöd som fyller verkliga behov inom äldreomsorg: Behovskartläggning för kommunikation och information mellan omsorgstagare, närstående och utförare som grund till en gemensam kontaktyta2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s population is steadily growing older and while the demand for care of senior citizens is increasing, care givers are forced to cope with diminishing resources in terms of money and qualified staff. Many put hope in new eHealth technology, as a means of raising efficiency and quality in the every day working situation. This thesis aims to study needs regarding communication, information and interaction between care takers, dependants and caregivers in geriatric care, in order to create a foundation upon which an ICT system may be built to fulfill those needs. The results presented are part of a research project focusing on future ICT systems in healthcare. Data was collected through an observational study, group discussions with informants related to care takers, and qualitative interviews with 13 informants who have extensive experience of geriatric care. The results imply there are existing problems that may be avoided by facilitating information sharing between the aforementioned groups. The study also presents some important points of discussion regarding usefulness, clashing needs of different users, and the balance between simplicity of use and system size.

  • 38.
    Bergvall, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Systemförvaltning i Praktiken: en kvalitativ studie avseende centrala begrepp, aktiviteter och ansvarsroller1995Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset for systemförvaltning har ökat under senare ar, inte minst mot bakgrund av att stora resurser av de totala ADB-kostnaderna anses åtgå till förvaltning av befintliga system. Syftet med den har studien är att undersöka vad systemförvaltning egentligen innebär. Den här studien kan sagas utgöra en grundläggande verksamhetsanalys av systemförvaltningsarbetet med inriktning på andringshantering och dess problembild. Sju fallstudier har genomförts i svenska organisationer som bedriver systemförvaltning. Utifrån dessa fallstudier har begrepp och kategorier genererats med hjälp av ”grounded theory” - ansats. Rapporten bestar av en inledande de] där frågeställningar, forskningsmetod och teoretiska förutsättningar redovisas. Därefter redovisas det empiriska materialet från fallstudien. Resultatet av studien visar att systemförvaltning idag bedrivs främst ADB-inriktat De verksamhetsinriktade aspekterna tillgodoses inte tillräckligt. I rapporten presenteras därför en är- och en bör-definition av systemförvaltning. Ar-definitionen uttrycker hur systemförvaltning bedrivs idag (på ADB-inriktat sätt). Bor-definitionen uttrycker vad systemförvaltning borde vara utifrån en verksamhetsinriktad syn. Systemförvaltningens aktiviteter har identifierats och presenteras i rapporten. Avgränsning mot närliggande aktiviteter görs genom att en ny livscykelmodell for informationssystemarbete presenteras. Ett antal ansvarsroller som är nödvändiga i samband med systemförvaltning har identifierats och presenteras i rapporten.

  • 39.
    Bjurman, Veronika
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics.
    Kommunikation i sociala medier: Utformandet av en kommunikationsgrund till bloggen Chefs’ Table2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has led to a difference in people’s daily communication patterns, recently also increasingly so for businesses. This means a change in how the marketing and communication among companies should be carried out, since a company always should be present where its customers are. This is probably especially important for an organization planning to exist on the Internet alone. In social media, the target group is particularly important in the development of communication messages. However, for the company, this also means decreased control over the communication with customers.

     

    This thesis aims to find out how social media can be used from a marketing and communications perspective to enable the food blog Chefs' Table to reach and maintain a successful relation with the target group. Qualitative interviews have been used in order to find out how the target group perceives social media and how they want to be contacted through them. Further, their reactions to the blog Chefs' Table and how the communication of the blog should be designed to appeal to them were investigated.

     

    The analysis of the qualitative interviews shows that social media primarily are used to receive feedback and acknowledgement from other people. This could include participation in discussions or exchange of inspiration, ideas and tips through linking. The recipes, the opportunity for interaction or to influence the content and that others spread the word of its existence are the features that attract the target audience to a food blog. The target group would like to receive feedback and be allowed to interact.

     

    The content on the blog should have a personal appropriation, be professionally educational but easy going and entertaining. In addition it should be possible to decide when and how to view content, thus it is important that the target group is offered the possibility to choose among several different communication channels.

     

    The recommendations for Chefs’ Table are that they should have a light-hearted, yet professional tone, offer recipes whatever the occasion and give instructions in an educational way wihout being too strict. Chefs’ Table should have a personal touch that does not try to fit everyone. In addition, users should be encouraged to participate in discussions and sometimes be allowed to influence the contents of the blog.

     

    Keywords: Social media, blog, Internet, target group, communication, communication messages, interaction

     

  • 40.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Academic papers and theses: to write and present and to act as an oponent2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An educational method that is becoming all the more common at colleges and universities is that of the seminar. In the seminar, students write academic papers and reports, present them, and act as opponents on each other’s work. The book covers all the sections that are normally included in the seminar. The learning environment of the seminar is based on a scientific way of thinking and on scientific methods. With its point of departure in this foundation, the book aims to provide easily accessible information and advice about the ways in which academic work can be organized and carried out. Furthermore, the book takes up issues regarding layout, presentation of one’s work, opposition, and cheating, as well as criteria used to assess academic papers and theses.

    The book is intended for use on first-cycle levels at university colleges and universities, and within other forms of post-secondary school education.

    There is also a Swedish version of the book with the title: Seminarieboken – att skriva, presentera och opponera.

  • 41.
    Blomberg, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Klausson, Hanna
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skandal, sanning och skriverier: En fallstudie om journalisters etiska regler.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an essay about journalism and the ethical norms of journalism. Four famous cases have been analyzed; Watergate, News of the World, Joy Rahman and Bill Clinton. When analyzing we used the theories of Denis McQuail and the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Journalist Association. We have also used the ideas of utilitarianism to analyze the chosen cases.

    We aimed to analyze the roles of the journalists involved and found that the ethical norms are customizable to each and every case. In the Watergate-case the journalists act somewhat in contrast to the ethical guidelines but do so in order to favor the public, which makes it approvable. The journalists at News of the World engaged in hacking the telephones of different individuals in order to be first with news about them and their personal life. The public did not consider this acceptable. Joy Rahman was accused of murder and was sentenced to a lifetime penalty though he claimed to be innocent. A journalist found out about this and made a coverage range about his case. This aroused sympathy among the public, which in the end got him acquitted. Bill Clinton was accused of having a love affair with Monica Lewinsky. Media reported intensively about this. At first Clinton denied it, which made his political opponents (and the public) wonder what else he might be hiding. To summarize our conclusions: in some cases it is acceptable to discard the ethical guidelines in favor of the public interest but you need to be aware of the impact such a publication can have on someone’s personal life.

  • 42.
    Bohlin, Gustav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Höst, Gunnar E.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Is it my responsibility or theirs? Risk communication about antibiotic resistance in the Swedish daily press2014In: JCOM - Journal of Science Communication, ISSN 1824-2049, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 13, no 3:A02Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibiotic resistance is an increasing global threat involving many actors, including the general public. We present findings from a content analysis of the coverage of antibiotic resistance in the Swedish print media with respect to the risk communication factors cause, magnitude and countermeasures. The most commonly reported cause of development and spread of resistance was unnecessary prescription of antibiotics. Risk magnitudes were mostly reported qualitatively rather than using quantitative figures. Risk-reduction measures were analyzed using a framework that distinguishes between personal and societal efficacy. Measures at the societal level were more commonly reported compared to the individual level.

  • 43.
    Bonu, Bruno
    et al.
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Crozat, Dominique
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Fauré, Laurent
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Sélimanovski, Catherine
    Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, France.
    Voir, montrer, dire un ”carnaval de rues” dans un centre de vidéosurveillance2013In: Dire l'événement: Langage, mémoire, société / [ed] Sophie Moirand, Sandrine Reboul-Touré, Danielle Londei, Licia Reggiani, Paris: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2013, p. 49-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Borg, Viktor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ruusvik, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den engagerade användaren av Business Intelligence: En fallstudie om vad som skapar användarengagemang2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's market is moving towards becoming more and more globalized, leading to constant changes which are more dynamic and more unpredictable than before. Organizations are pressured to adapt meaning that many will invest in business intelligence. We can identify a problem in that the majority of organizations are not getting the desired effect of their investment in business intelligence. Research have shown that user engagement is considered to be one of the most important factors for a successful business intelligence system. In this qualitative paper we have tried to investigate what creates user engagement and how user engagement looks when using BI systems. In response to the research questions, we conducted a case study on one of Sweden's largest banks, where we interviewed four employees. All employees use the organizational BI system daily, making them suitable candidates for our study. While we could see many similarities, we but also identified some differences between previous literature and our collected data. From this we identified a number of factors and factors for the creation of user engagement. In the conclusion, we discuss what creates user commitment to using BI systems, as well as what similarities and differences we found between literature and our own collected data. We explain our knowledge contribution, which is a set factors we consider affect the creation of user engagement to use the BI system, which we have developed based on our empirical and previous literature in the field.

  • 45.
    Brage, Christina
    Linköping University, University Library.
    ASSESSING MASTER STUDENTS CITATION BEHAVIOUR BY MINING REFERENCE LISTS IN THESES.: A PILOT STUDY2015In: ICERI2015 Proceedings. 8th International Conference of Education, Research and InnovationSeville, Spain. 18-20 November, 2015, IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMEN , 2015, p. 8368-8376Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entering at a Master’s level means that the student will encounter a level that is more intellectually demanding and more challenging than before. They need to use information sources in various ways and at this stage it is important that they access research and theory-based literature. A primary sign of quality in good research is that it is founded on well proven sources of theory and previous research, and that it utilizes the proper technique of referencing. In order for the students to acquire sufficient search skills, including how to cite and refer, the library offers information literacy training that is timed to happen at the point of need. This requires that they master the research process being able to pose questions and seek answers, to use and apply techniques and research skills, to analyse data, to review literature and write up results in an academic format appropriate to the discipline. According to Carlson (2006, p15), as student’s progress academically, sources cited should demonstrate students' "growing sophistication and ability to think critically in their chosen discipline." But is this really the case? One way to get a sense of this process is to look at what types of sources the graduate students cite in their theses. This study used citation analysis in order to “mine” reference lists obtained from master theses for assessment purposes. The aim of this study is to investigate what kind of information sources master students use in their theses and the author studied the citation patterns in 36 Master's theses.A total of 2173 references were checked and out of them were 886 (40,7%) journal articles. The students used 479 different journals and 378 of them were peer reviewed. 380 (79,3%) journals were kept by the library. 175 (54,6%) book or book chapters were kept by the library out of the 320 used by the students. They also used other sources such as reports of different kind (11,4%), Web pages (0,6%), Grey literature (0,6%) and conference papers (0,2%) to mention a few. Students used 60 references as an average in their theses.Although the accuracy of the citations was beyond the scope of this study, the author noticed a number of problems such as incomplete citations, inconsistent journal title abbreviations and inconsistent use of citation style formats. The author carried out bibliographic searches in order to rectify any incorrect or incomplete citations and this required extra work to correct, but was also indication that we might alter our information literacy training and emphasise more on citing and referencing.Findings indicate that these graduate students surprisingly seems to prefer scholarly journal articles and books or book chapters. The author had anticipated another picture with more references to the Web. This pilot project provided new and important information about the use of collections by master students. The authors learned that the library’s journal coverage is good enough but that the monographic coverage is somewhat less complete. The author will continue to do another study with new theses from 2013-2014 in order to investigate if our new emphasis on citing and referencing had any impact on the inconsistencies that have been seen in the first study and also if the same pattern of information sources used by earlier students occur.References:[1] Carlson, J. (2006), An examination of undergraduate student citation behavior, The Journal of Academic Librarianship 32(1):14-22.

  • 46.
    Brage, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Axelsson, Marie-Louise
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Öström, Magdalena
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Teachers as schoollibrarians!?: A case study from Sweden2014In: ICERI2014 Proceedings. 7th International Conference of Education, Research and InnovationSeville, Spain. 17-19 November, 2014, IATED publications , 2014, p. 6264-6269Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We will present a newly established course where academic librarians teach current teachers to become school librarians. Emphasis will be placed on issues like how to teach information literacy in a school setting; how to use social media; how to instill a more scientific attitude among school librarians (according to the new Education Act of Sweden) and to discuss new emerging roles for school librarians.

    The new Education Act of Sweden states that all pupils, regardless of whether they attend a municipal or independent school, are to have access to a school library. This is a significant political statement regarding the importance of libraries as a teaching resource and also every child’s equal right to have one. But much criticism, from several actors, points out the fact that the text of the act is entirely lacking in information regarding staffing. It is up to the individual principal to decide how many people shall work with the library as a teaching resource and also what kind of qualifications the individual needs as a modern school librarian. No extra funds have been assigned for this purpose; rather the work shall be carried out within the framework of the standard budget.

    Today two thirds of Sweden’s 6078 grammar and upper secondary schools have a library of their own, or a shared or integrated school library that is open to students and is staffed at least one hour per week. But, still over 200,000 pupils do not have access to a school library!Schools are responsible for ensuring that every pupil is able to use modern technology as a tool in searching for information, communication, and learning. Librarians are therefore being given more and more responsibility as information technology advances and they must keep up to date on the latest research techniques and digital equipment. They must be equipped with high levels of IT skills to in order to be able to maximize the use of technology for accessing and disseminating information.

    This means that the role of school librarians will be increasingly focused around the use of digital content in the classroom together with traditional reading comprehension. Today in Sweden current teachers wishing to become school librarians doesn’t need to take any library/information science classes to be licensed as a school librarian. This is deplorable since some of them are totally unaware of, for instance, the concept of information literacy. That means that they lack the knowledge and the pedagogy used in library and information sciences. In order to somewhat rectify this situation we offered a course of 7,5 credits to a couple of municipalities in Sweden. In one of the municipalities the goal is to have a trained librarian at every school. The course consists of different modules such as Knowledge Organization, Critical Thinking Skills, Open Educational Resources, Research Techniques and Academic Writing. Over 50 teachers applied and in January this year we examined the first ones. We would like to share our experiences and discuss further improvement of our course.

  • 47.
    Brage, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Burman, Emma
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Waldh, Anna Maria
    Linköping University, University Library.
    PEER OBSERVATION OF TEACHING IN A LIBRARY SETTING: A PILOT STUDY2016In: ICERI2016 Proceedings 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain. 14-16 November, 2016, 2016, p. 6827-6832Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores participant perceptions of the impact of a Peer Observation of Teaching scheme offered to teaching librarians at Linköping University library.Information literacy sessions or support are offered to almost all students in all courses at Linköping University. Instructional duties have become a common expectation for librarians working in academic libraries. As a teaching librarian you normally divide your time between reference services, collection development and information literacy instruction. But without little formal training in the teaching role you can become very insecure. It’s not uncommon that you feel left alone especially in the support of continuing professional development. Therefore it’s necessary for academic librarians to talk and reflect about their teaching. Peer observation through critical friends is one way to demonstrate that we are reflecting on the quality of our teaching, learning and assessment practices. The relationship between critical friends is one that encourages and cultivates constructive critique. But it’s important that the main conditions exists, besides the obvious trust and commitment, namely to have knowledge of the context of the teaching environment. The librarians at Linköping University teach the “same” students and face the same challenges.In preparation for the introduction of a peer observation of teaching scheme, a seminar was offered to staff. Our hope was that the librarians involved could see that this initiative could lead to professional development that improves both teaching practices and hopefully also student performance. Many senior librarians are themselves, experienced, effective teachers and therefore, they were likely to be competent observers of various aspects of the teaching conducted at the library. The librarian requesting observation met the observing librarian to discuss the objectives of the observation. A limited number of focused objectives was chosen that could address specific items on which the librarian desired feedback. The observing librarian attended the library session and took notes on the session with the objectives in mind.We assessed the effort by using two types of data collection tools, a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The latter were used to add depth and quality of the data collected in the questionnaire. Information was collected from all participants. The questionnaire consisted of closed questions to gain relevant factual data. A pilot questionnaire was answered and assessed by two critical friends ensuring that the questions were clear and valid. The preliminary results indicated that most of the participants were satisfied with the possibility to be able to self-reflect on how this process positively can impact their teaching skills. The peer observation process seemed to provide both the observee and the observer with the opportunity to mutually enhance the quality of their teaching practice. It also provided an opportunity to disseminate good practice amongst colleagues by sharing thoughts on teaching practice and supporting each other’s development of teaching skills.This process was not about getting everyone to teach in the same way, it was about helping individuals to reflect on and evaluate their own approach to teaching. It was expected that both parties in the observation would benefit from the discussions arising.

  • 48.
    Brage, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Lantz, Agneta
    Linköping University, University Library.
    Applied Information Literacy and Learning: Curriculum Development for the Next Decade2013In: Worldwide Commonalities and Challenges in Information Literacy Research and Practice: European Conference on Information Literacy, ECIL 2013, Istanbul, Turkey, October 22-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Serap Kurbanoğlu, Esther Grassian, Diane Mizrachi, Ralph Catts, Sonja Špiranec, Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London: Springer, 2013, p. 359-365Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006 we developed and presented the first version of a model called Applied Information Literacy. The aim of the model was to embed information literacy into research and writing instruction sessions. We tested the model in our information literacy curricula for a couple of years and found it to be too linear. In addition, the information landscape has changed as various forms of social media have become strong players in students’ everyday information world. Therefore there was a need for us to change and simplify our original model, which we present and discuss. According to the students it seems to work well since the new model contributes to their holistic learning resulting in better academic work.

  • 49.
    Brage, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Lantz, Agneta
    Linköping University.
    Transferring information literacy skills from higher education into workplace information literacy contexts2014In: ICERI2014 Proceedings7th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation, Seville, Spain. 17-19 November, 2014: , IATED , 2014, p. 6177-6182Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of the adjustment of Information Literacy skills training according to the development of new social media and how to prepare current and future generations to live and work in an information and economy-driven society. We would like to present and discuss some ideas on the practice of teaching and learning in the field of Information Literacy by introducing a model suited for higher education and work settings (Lantz & Brage 2006 a; Lantz & Brage 2006 b; Lantz & Brage 2013 a).

  • 50.
    Bremstedt Pedersen, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att marknadsföra IT med IT: – Utmaningarna med att som svenskt IT-konsultföretag marknadsföra och sälja tjänster med stöd av interna IT-system2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här magisteruppsatsen undersöker jag hur ett svenskt IT-konsultföretag använder sitt interna IT-system för att marknadsföra och sälja de IT-baserade konsulttjänster som företaget erbjuder, det vill säga konsultbemanning till olika IT-projekt såsom implementering eller uppgradering av affärssystem. Med marknadsföring menar jag exempelvis proaktiva aktiviteter för att stärka varumärket och med försäljning menar jag till exempel merförsäljning på redan befintliga kunder.Bakgrunden till uppsatsens ämne kommer ifrån identifierade utmaningar med detta från de personer inom företaget som arbetar med marknadsföring och försäljning, exempelvis utmaningen i att följa den allt snabbare utvecklingstakten av IT-system (till exempel nya versioner som släpps) för att vara konkurrenskraftig på den svenska konsultmarknaden.Uppsatsens syfte är dels att undersöka användandet interna IT-system hos ett svenskt IT-konsultföretag för att förbättra det genom konfigurering eller utveckling. Den syftar även till att se över och eventuellt förbättra de verksamhetsprocesser som finns på företaget, det vill säga hur de arbetar med försäljning och marknadsföring, för att bli bättre på att nå rätt kunder inom branschen. Genom detta ämnar även uppsatsen också ge vägledande/rådgivande kunskap till andra svenska IT-konsultföretag till hur de kan åstadkomma detta genom analys av undersökningen som beskrivs ovan.För insamling av empirisk data används en kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer av verksamhetspersoner på ett svenskt IT-konsultföretag. Insamlat material ställs i uppsatsen mot befintliga teorier inom marknadsföring, e-marknadsföring, Sociomaterialitet samt internprojekt, eftersom jag anser att dessa teorier är viktiga komponenter för att uppnå uppsatsens syfte.Resultatet innehåller en rad utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer på hur ett internt IT-system för hantering av marknadsförings- och säljfunktioner i ett svenskt IT-konsultföretag kan anpassas. Utmaningar som identifierats är dels brist på tid, pengar och resurser, intern kommunikation samt ökad konkurrens inom branschen men också ett ökat inflöde av e-mail vilket gör att kampanjutskick via e-email riskerar att försvinna i mängden.De framgångsfaktorer som bör eftersträvas är dels att hålla en långsiktig och god relation till kunden, använda uppföljning och rapportering av kampanjer/säljmöten. Detta tillsammans med att använda en lösningsorienterad försäljning med professionalism och kvalité som ledord i de levererade tjänsterna är viktigt för att nå ut till kunder på marknaden för IT-konsulttjänster i Sverige. Förutom detta har marknadsföringsstrategier såsom Cross-selling och Word-of- mouth identifierats som mest lyckosamma inom branschen, varpå dessa bör eftersträvas.För att upprätthålla bra funktionalitet och rätt strategier för marknadsföring och försäljning av IT-konsulttjänster bör man förvalta även interna funktioner som om de vore IT-system. Kort och gott; Man måste underhålla IT för att sälja IT.

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