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  • 1.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Department of Education and Life long learning, Norweigan University Of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Visual transcriptions as socio-technical assemblages2021In: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 289-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of visual digital technologies it has become more common in the social sciences to both use and present research visually. This article explores different strategies for working with and including images in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (EMCA) transcriptions. The purpose is to investigate how, and if, the ontology of the transcript changes when verbal transcripts become visual transcripts. The article explores what ensures that a transcript is still a transcript and what happens to the reflexive interpretative strategy fundamental to EMCA when new digital technologies make it possible to incorporate images in transcripts. The articles focus is on the social life of methods as well as methodological productivity showing how images can enact different social realities and scientific knowledge.

  • 2.
    Abdel-Halim, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Danielsson, Max
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Arlitt, Martin
    Univ Calgary, Canada.
    Carlsson, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Temporal Analysis of X.509 Revocations and their Statuses2022In: 7TH IEEE EUROPEAN SYMPOSIUM ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY WORKSHOPS (EUROS&PW 2022), IEEE , 2022, p. 258-265Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the X509 public key infrastructure (PKI) being essential for ensuring the trust we place in our communication with web servers, the revocation of the trust placed in individual X509 certificates is neither transparent nor well-studied, leaving many unanswered questions. In this paper, we present a temporal analysis of 36 million certificates, whose revocation statuses we followed for 120 days since first being issued. We characterize the revocation rates of different certificate authorities (CAs) and how the rates change over the lifetime of the certificates. We identify and discuss several instances where the status changes from "revoked" to "good", "unauthorized" or "unknown", respectively, before the certificates expiry. This complements prior work that has observed such inconsistencies in some CAs behavior after expiry but also highlight a potentially more severe problem. Our results highlight heterogeneous revocation practices among the CAs.

  • 3.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Den väsentliga vardagen2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, p. 9-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 4.
    Albert, Saul
    et al.
    Tufts University, USA; Queen Mary University of London, UK.
    Albury, Charlotte
    University of Oxford, UK.
    Alexander, Marc
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Harris, Matthew Tobias
    Queen Mary University of London, UK.
    Hofstetter, Emily
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Holmes, Edward J. B.
    University of York, UK.
    Stokoe, Elizabeth
    Loughborough University, UK.
    The conversational rollercoaster: Conversation analysis and the public science of talk2018In: Discourse Studies, ISSN 1461-4456, E-ISSN 1461-7080, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 397-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does talk work, and can we engage the public in a dialogue about the scientific study of talk? This article presents a history, critical evaluation and empirical illustration of the public science of talk. We chart the public ethos of conversation analysis that treats talk as an inherently public phenomenon and its transcribed recordings as public data. We examine the inherent contradictions that conversation analysis is simultaneously obscure yet highly cited; it studies an object that people understand intuitively, yet routinely produces counter-intuitive findings about talk. We describe a novel methodology for engaging the public in a science exhibition event and show how our ‘conversational rollercoaster’ used live recording, transcription and public-led analysis to address the challenge of demonstrating how talk can become an informative object of scientific research. We conclude by encouraging researchers not only to engage in a public dialogue but also to find ways to actively engage people in taking a scientific approach to talk as a pervasive, structural feature of their everyday lives.

  • 5. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Allström, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Highway Traffic State Estimation and Short-term Prediction2016Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic congestion is increasing in almost all large cities, leading to a number of negative effects such as pollution and delays. However, building new roads is not a feasible solution. Instead, the use of the existing road network has to be optimized, together with a shift towards more sustainable transport modes. In order to achieve this there are several challenges that needs to be addressed. One challenge is the ability to provide accurate information about the current and future traffic state. This information is an essential input to the traffic management center and can be used to influence the choices made by the travelers. Accurate information about the traffic state on highways, where the potential to manage and control the traffic in general is very high, would be of great significance for the traffic managers. It would help the traffic managers to take action before the system reaches congestion and limit the effects of it. At the same time, the collection of traffic data is slowly shifting from fixed sensors to more probe based data collection. This requires an adaptation and further development of the traditional traffic models in order for them to handle and take advantage of the characteristics of all types of data, not just data from the traditionally used fixed sensors.

    The objective of this thesis is to contribute to the development and implementation of a model for estimation and prediction of the current and future traffic state and to facilitate an adaptation of the model to the conditions of the highway in Stockholm. The model used is a version of the Cell Transmission Model (CTM-v) where the velocity is used as the state variable. Thus, together with an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) it can be used to fuse different types of point speed measurements. The model is developed to run in real-time for a large network. Furthermore, a two-stage process used to calibrate the model is implemented. The results from the calibration and validation show that once the model is calibrated, the estimated travel times corresponds well with the ground truth travel times collected from Bluetooth sensors.

    In order to produce accurate short-term predictions for various networks and conditions it is vital to combine different methods. We have implemented and evaluated a hybrid prediction approach that assimilates parametric and non-parametric short-term traffic state prediction. To predict mainline sensor data we use a neural network, while the CTM-v is ran forward in time in order to predict future traffic states. The results show that both the hybrid approach and the CTM-v prediction without the additional predicted mainline sensor data is superior to a naïve prediction method for longer prediction horizons.

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  • 6.
    Andersson Granberg, Tobias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pilemalm, Sofie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems and Digitalization. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yousefi Mojir, Kayvan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems and Digitalization. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Effektivt sambruk av kommunala resurser för ökad säkerhet och trygghet2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av så kallade semiprofessionella resurser i räddningsinsatser har blivit allt vanligare i Sverige. En semiprofessionell är en person som fått utökade arbetsuppgifter inom respons och räddning inom ramen för sitt ordinarie yrke. Det kanske mest kända exemplet är väktare som responderar på den kommunala räddningstjänstens ärenden.

    I det projekt som avrapporteras här, är syftet att undersöka vilka yrkesgrupper som skulle passa bra som semiprofessionella, och vad som krävs för att de effektivt ska kunna utföra de nya arbetsuppgifterna, bland annat i form av utbildning och utrustning. Vidare syftar projektet till att utvärdera vilken samhällsnytta semiprofessionella kan bidra med. Som studieobjekt används Norrköpings kommun, och via en aktionsforskningsinspirerad metodansats är målet att projektresultaten ska kunna bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i kommunen.

    En kombination av kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder används för att uppnå syftet. Genom workshops identifieras först fyra potentiella yrkesgrupper (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal, hemtjänstpersonal, förvaltningsentreprenörer och väktare), för vilka detaljerad data erhålls via fokusgruppsintervjuer. En grupp (räddningstjänstens dagtidspersonal) väljs ut för vidare analys, och ytterligare en workshop genomförs, plus ett experiment i form av en simulerad olycka där semiprofessionella får göra en första insats. En prototyp av ett utlarmningssystem tas fram, inklusive en smartphoneapplikation som de semiprofessionella kan använda för att ta emot och hantera larm. Med hjälp av applikationen utförs ett experiment där historiska larm skickas till potentiella semiprofessionella under två månaders tid, och de får svara på om de kan åka eller inte, samtidigt som deras position noteras. Genom att jämföra deltagarnas uppskattade insatstider med räddningstjänstens historiska, kan möjliga insatstidsförkortningar beräknas. Detta kompletteras med en bedömning av vad de kan bidra med i respektive händelse.

    Bedömningen görs enligt en strukturerad metod av professionell personal från två olika räddningstjänstorganisationer. De beräknade insatstiderna och den skattade förmågan vägs samman till en monetär nytta av den semiprofessionella insatsen.

    Resultatet visar att det finns ett stort antal yrkesgrupper som skulle kunna vara lämpliga att nyttja som semiprofessionella. I rapporten redovisas en lista med 23 grupper som anses ha potential och möjlighet att utföra räddningsinsatser som en del av sitt yrke. Vidare redovisas ett antal utmaningar och möjligheter, baserat på analysen av de fyra utvalda grupperna. En konkret sammanställning har gjorts i form av listor på utbildning och utrustning som krävs för att de effektivt kunna utföra sitt nya uppdrag. Dessa krav är förhållandevis enkla att uppfylla, och handlar om grundläggande utbildning i riskbedömning, brandsläckning och livräddande åtgärder, samt utrustning som tex handbrandsläckare och förbandslåda. Mer utmanande är de organisatoriska förändringar som är nödvändiga för att de semiprofessionella akut ska kunna lämna sina pågående arbetsuppgifter, samt hur utlarmningen ska kunna integreras i de tekniska system som används för professionella räddningsresurser. Vidare visar resultaten att semiprofessionella kan larmas, och förväntas göra nytta på en stor mängd olika typer av händelser, dock främst vid händelser med personskador eller akuta sjukdomsförlopp. Den monetära nyttan av att införa ett fåtal (i snitt 3,4 st) semiprofessionella i Norrköping och Linköpings kommuner beräknades till mellan 600 000 och 2 400 000 kr per år, beroende på hur lång tid det tar för de semiprofessionella ifrån att de får larm tills de påbörjar färden mot händelseplatsen.

    En slutsats från projektet är att semiprofessionella skulle bidra till en ökad säkerhet och trygghet i Norrköping kommun, om de används som förstainsatsresurser, som ett komplement till befintlig professionell räddningspersonal.

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  • 7.
    Andersson, Jessica
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies.
    Faser och teman i en hiphopares liv: Berättelser om hiphop som ungdomskultur2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a narrative study of the hiphop culture as a youth culture. The aim has been to understand how and why young people in middle-sized Swedish towns become hiphopers and also how they look at themselves as members of the hiphop culture.

    The research methods applied are three focus group interviews and one single person interview. The participants are between 20 and 26 years. The hiphoper makes a kind of a career in the culture. To be able to make the career, the hiphoper is dependent of other people with better skills as well as of the society. The thoughts of the hiphopers in question can be summarized in four main themes: gender, attribute, genuine and battle.

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  • 8.
    Antelius, Eleonor
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Att leva i nuet: förvärvad hjärnskada, hopp(löshet) & identitet2011In: Diagnos och Identitet / [ed] Georg Drakos, Lars-Christer Hydén, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2011, 1, p. 78-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Appelqvist, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Enabling Communication about Gender Equality, Sex and Sexuality for Unaccompanied Refugee Children: To Evade Antagonism concerning Swedes’ Right to be Equals, Sexual and Gay by Accepting and Acknowledging Cultural Dissimilarities2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study researches how communication provided by supervisors working in homes for unaccompanied refugee children about gender equality, sex and sexuality should be conducted and executed for children acclimating to Sweden. This studied topic was founded in the desire expressed by RFSU to demand sexual education for unaccompanied refugee children coming to Sweden. This desire was expressed after unaccompanied refugee boys were discovered to have sexually abused and harassed a number of girls during a youth festival in Stockholm. RFSU, and the president for the Unaccompanied Children’s Union in Sweden, brought to the attention that the cultural backgrounds URC commonly have differ from the Swedish culture concerning gender equality and sexuality. Thus, the issue with communication about gender equality, sex and sexuality intended for unaccompanied refugee children is that it needs to be befitting and susceptible to them according to their usual and previous context. 

    The method used in this study was to implement a qualitative research method of phenomenological nature. Data were mainly accrued through a questionnaire that was answered by supervisors that currently work with unaccompanied refugee children. These answers provided with an understanding, together with the compiled frame of reference, of how to befittingly and susceptibly communicate about gender equality, sex and sexuality with unaccompanied refugee children acclimating to Sweden. Keep in mind, not all unaccompanied refugee children who come to Sweden are in fact refugees. However, to distinguish these children who come from other countries from other children in general, the choice was made to continue calling them unaccompanied refugee children throughout this study.   

    The conclusions drawn from the result of this study ended up being four. The first is that not all unaccompanied refugee children are alike, and can therefore not be seen as one identical target group. The second is that unaccompanied refugee children’s previous cultural and religious contexts, with their previous experiences about gender equality, sex and sexuality, need to be considered, along with the suitability of how to execute such information. The third conclusion is to naturally, and clearly, discuss and debate on a regular basis with a suitable supervisor. The fourth is that media, for instance pornography, can provide misguided and biased information. The practical recommendations that these conclusions resulted in are also four, and are as follows; 1) to create multiple communication materials as to satisfy most children’s needs and attitudes, 2) to learn about URC’s previous cultural and religious contexts, and their previous experiences, and have different suitable information sessions based on the needed level of privacy, 3) to discuss and debate gender equality, sex and sexuality on a regular basis in a natural setting through a suitable supervisor, and 4) to include media, especially pornography, when discussing and debating about gender equality, sex and sexuality. 

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  • 10.
    Arvola, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karsvall, Arvid
    Södertörns Högskola, Institutionen för kommunikation, medier och IT, Medieteknik.
    Tholander, Jakob
    Stockholms universitet, Mobile Life.
    Values and qualities in interaction design meetings2011In: The Endless End: The 9th International European Academy of Design Conference. Porto, Portugal, May 4-7, 2011., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How are values and qualities expressed in interaction design? Previous research into this topic has largely been conceptual. How interaction designers and clients actually reason has only been touched upon in empirical studies. The research question for this paper is how interaction designers, as a collective and in an unfolding design process, concretize values and qualities in meetings with clients. By way of video recordings, we have analyzed two interaction design workshops. The analysis indicated that values were concretized top-down, from general conceptions and the design brief given, while also explored bottom-up. Several kinds of communicative means (e.g. talk, gestures, whiteboards, post-it notes) were used to animate values and design visions. Mixing a top-down and bottom-up approach allowed the designers to be both prescriptive and sensitive the uniqueness of the design situation. Thedifferences in communicative means did not really matter for how values and qualities weremade concrete. What mattered was that people really started talking with each other.

  • 11.
    Askenberger, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hur är relationen mellan kommunikationen i en crowdfundingkampanj och dess utfall? En studie av glassprojekt i USA på kickstarter.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study previous research on the factors that contributed to successful crowdfunding campaigns have been compiled and a survey carried out on successful ice cream projects from kickstarter.com. Crowdfunding is a relative new way of collecting investment money; this is done by asking the public for small donation to raise a big amount and by that achieve the campaign goal. Communication in a crowdfunding campaign seems to have tremendous impact on a project’s success, and the conclusion from previous studies is that a project must be of high quality to do well. The result of the Ice Cream Projects analyzed indicated that the number of project updates correlates to the result. Video length does not correlate with the results and is not a measure of the campaign's quality. The number of private Facebook friends the creator of the project has affects campaign performance. The likely explanation is that the majority of donations is from friends and family, and these donations may be an indication to others that the project is serious and thus attracts the more donations.

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    Hur är relationen mellan kommunikationen i en crowdfundingkampanj och dess utfall?
  • 12.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Credibility aspects of research-based gaming in science communication.: The case of The Maladaptation Game2020In: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 19, no 1, article id A01Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous studies have found games and gaming to be a new andinnovative communication strategy to inform the public and citizens aboutscientific research and engage them with it, this article addresses theunder-researched question of credibility aspects in research-basedgaming. The study analyses agricultural stakeholders’ discussions on thecredibility of scientific descriptions in The Maladaptation Game — a gamebased on research on climate change maladaptation in Nordic agriculture.The analysis of focus group transcripts and frame credibility finds thatplayers attribute credibility to 1) the perceived correspondence betweengame-articulated information on climate change, suggested adaptationactions and their potential maladaptive outcome, 2) the perceived “fit”between these elements and players’ experiences, and 3) the informationsources underpinning the game. Lastly, the article discusses the role ofresearch-based games in science communication and advocates the needfor careful balance between models of conceptual and scientific thinking ingame design and everyday experiences among players.

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  • 13.
    Asplund, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Natural versus anthropogenic climate change: Swedish farmers joint construction of climate perceptions2016In: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 560-575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While previous research into understandings of climate change has usually examined general public perceptions, this study offers an audience-specific departure point. This article analyses how Swedish farmers perceive climate change and how they jointly shape their understandings. The agricultural sector is of special interest because it both contributes to and is directly affected by climate change. Through focus group discussions with Swedish farmers, this study finds that (1) farmers relate to and understand climate change through their own experiences, (2) climate change is understood either as a natural process subject to little or no human influence or as anthropogenic and (3) various communication tools contribute to the formation of natural and anthropogenic climate change frames. The article ends by discussing frame resonance and frame clash in public understanding of climate change and by comparing potential similarities and differences in how various segments of the public make sense of climate change.

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  • 14.
    Aunaas, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Marknadsföring: ur ett slöjd-, hantverk- och formgivningsperspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Förändring sker! Med en snabbt växande informationsspridning och teknikutveckling kommer vi möjligtvis behöva ändra vår syn på marknadsföring. Eller?

    Med detta arbete är syftet att undersöka hur marknadsföring går till idag och vilka marknadsföringskanaler som används. I arbetet läggs fokus på att tydliggöra en djupare uppfattning om marknadsförings-ämnet hos fyra informanter. Undersökningen genomförs med en teoribakgrund om viktiga delar inom marknadsföring, så som sociala medier och varumärkets roll i sammanhanget. Därefter utformas en enkät som skickas till de tillfrågade per mail. Informanterna delar med sig av deras uppfattningar kring deras egen marknadsföringsprofil.

    Med olika förutsättningar för verksamheten läggs det mer och mindre vikt vid olika delar i marknadsföringen hos de olika informanterna. Oberoende av examinationstid skiljer informanterna på hur de väljer att uttrycka sig i marknadsföringen. Fokus ligger på att framhäva ett tydligt bild- och formspråk, främja varumärket och förståelsen hos kunder, hitta rätt bärare och att skriva och visa bilder på egen tillverkning. Diskussionen förs i koppling till teoribakgrunden och om det finns samband med tidigare forskning och en bakomliggande anledning till val av marknadsföringskanaler. Finns det skillnader mellan att vara examinerad formgivare på 1900–talet kontra att vara examinerad som formgivare på 2000–talet. 

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    Marknadsföring – ur ett slöjd-, hantverk- och formgivningsperspektiv
  • 15. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Avdan, Nazli
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Collaborative Competition’: Stance-taking and Positioning in the European Parliament2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Parliament (EP) is the scene where certain issues concerning over 500 million ‘Europeans’ are publicly debated and where politically relevant groupings are discursively coconstructed. While the Members of the Parliament (MEPs) pursue their political agendas, intergroup boundaries are drawn, reinforced, and/or transgressed. Speakers constantly take stances on behalf of groupings in relation to some presupposed other groupings and argue what differentiates ‘Self’ from ‘Others’. This study examines patterns of language use by the MEPs as they engage in the contextually and historically situated dialogical processes of intergroup positioning and stance-taking. It further focuses on the strategic and competitive activities of grouping, grounding, and alignment in order to reveal the dynamic construction of intergroup boundaries.

    The study is based on a collection of Blue-card question-answer sequences from the plenary debates held at the EP in 2011, when the Sovereign Debt Crisis had been stabilized to some degree but still evoked plenty of controversy.

    Theoretically the study builds on Stance Theory (Du Bois, 2007), Positioning Theory (Davies & Harré, 1990), and several broadly social constructivist approaches to discourse analysis (Fairclough, 1995).

    The analysis shows that intergroup positioning in the EP emerges as what I call a ‘collaborative competition’ between contradictory ideologies and political agendas. The MEPs strategically manipulate their opponents' prior or projected utterances in order to set up positions for self, a grouping he or she stands for, and thereby its adversaries. All participants engage in the maintenance and negotiation of intergroup boundaries, even though the boundaries hardly ever coincide between the different speakers. They discursively fence off some imaginary territories, leaving their adversaries with vague positions.

    When asking Blue-card questions, the MEPs use a particular turn organization, which involves routine forms of interactional units, namely addressing, question framing and question forms, each of which is shown to contribute to stance-taking. A dynamic model of stance-taking is suggested, allowing for a fluid transformation of the stance object as well as the discursively constructed stance-takers.

    While Blue-card questions are meant to serve as a structured procedure for eliciting information from a speaker, the analysis demonstrates that the MEPs accomplish various divergent actions that serve intergroup positioning. The dissertation thus contributes to the understanding of the discursive games played in the EP as the MEPs strive to construct social realities that fit their political ends.

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  • 16.
    Backlund, Emma
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Davidsson, Emmie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Det ansiktslösa samtalet: En kvalitativ studie om professionella samtal via internet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether social counselling via chat conversations could meet the criteria for a professional conversation, and how the six social workers who were interviewed felt that it had affected the profession and the clients who are seeking their help.

    Communication, professionality, power, roles and regions are the key topics of this study. A hermeneutic approach has not only influenced the interviews but also the content analysis that was used to encode the results.

    The interviews revealed that the chat conversations was a successful tool but not entirely without difficulties. The initial contact making between the client and the social worker favours the client, since she/he remains anonymous and that was the main advantage of the method. The biggest concern however was that in the anonymity it is not possible to report cases that the social worker are obligated to. The changing of forum does not necessarily affect the professionality but due to the faceless chat conversation an entire dimension of communication disappears because the loss of body language. Therefore, the traditional face-to-face conversation contains a value that is hard to replace

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    Det ansiktslösa samtalet
  • 17.
    Benulic, Kajsa-Stina
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Rural perspectives on inclusive transformation towards decarbonization in Sweden2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Bergenheim, Fannie
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barnboksskrivande: - En kvalitativ studie om framställande ochpublicering av barnböcker2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a children's book is suggested to be prepared in order to be accepted for publication by a publishing house in Sweden today.

    My questions was first to clarify the concept of a "children's book". Secondly, to understand if there are any guidelines to follow regarding the design and illustration of a children´s book, and how to proceed with the best chances of getting a mauscript published.

    To answer the question, I have chosen to use a qualitative method containing questionnaire items involving eleven Swedish publishers of children's literature.

    My results show that children's books includes all literature that has an target audience of people between 0-18 years of age. The most important thing is that the book's material is appropriate to the target group's level of mental perceptions and emotional competence. The material which then is submitted to the publisher will need to be of the highest quality and the author must investigate a consistent niche in order to submit the material to a publisher.

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    barnbok
  • 19.
    Bergman, Helén
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Jönsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Studenters syn på kommunikationskanaler och miljöarbete: – Exemplet Linköpings Universitet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunikation är en viktig del av en organisations miljöarbete, för att information ska kunna spridas på bästa möjliga sätt är det viktigt att kommunikationen fungerar. Kommunikation är en viktig beståndsdel i arbetet med att utbilda ungdomar och studenter i miljöfrågor. För att kunna förmedla information är det av yttersta vikt att man använder sig av effektiva kommunikationskanaler. Det är viktigt för organisationer att de vet vilken information som skall kommuniceras samt med hjälp av vilka kommunikationskanaler.

    Den här uppsatsen är en studie på Linköpings Universitet där det övergripande syftet var att undersöka vilka kommunikationskanaler som kan användas för att nå ut till studenter. Syftet var även att undersöka hur studenterna ser på Linköpings Universitets miljöarbete. För att insamla empiri använde vi oss av intervjuundersökningar bland studenterna på Linköpings Universitets olika campus.

    Det vi bland annat kom fram till i vår undersökning bland studenterna på Linköping Universitet var att respondenterna använder sig av Linköpings Universitets hemsida regelbundet, därför bör information förmedlas via denna. Information som förmedlas bör vara intresseväckande samt kort och konkret eftersom detta ökar möjligheterna att mottagarna snabbt tar till sig informationen, vilket leder till att möjligheterna att informationen sprids till omgivningen ökar. För att kommunikationskanalerna ska fungera så effektivt som möjligt är det viktigt att de är strukturerade och överskådliga.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Birken, Sarah A.
    et al.
    Wake Forest Univ, NC 27101 USA.
    Wagi, Cheyenne R.
    Wake Forest Univ, NC 27101 USA.
    Peluso, Alexandra G.
    Wake Forest Univ, NC 27101 USA.
    Kegler, Michelle C.
    Emory Univ, GA USA.
    Baloh, Jure
    Univ Arkansas Med Sci, AR USA.
    Adsul, Prajakta
    Univ New Mexico, NM USA; Univ New Mexico, NM USA.
    Fernandez, Maria E.
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, TX USA.
    Masud, Manal
    Univ Washington, WA USA.
    Huang, Terry T-K
    CUNY, NY USA; CUNY, NY USA.
    Lee, Matthew
    NYU, NY USA.
    Wangen, Mary
    Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC USA.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Society and Health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Bender, Miriam
    Univ Calif Irvine, CA USA.
    Choy-Brown, Mimi
    Univ Minnesota, MN USA.
    Ryan, Grace
    Univ Massachusetts, MA USA.
    Randazzo, Aliza
    Wake Forest Univ, NC 27101 USA.
    Ko, Linda K.
    Univ Washington, WA USA.
    Toward a more comprehensive understanding of organizational influences on implementation: the organization theory for implementation science framework2023In: FRONTIERS IN HEALTH SERVICES, ISSN 2813-0146, Vol. 3, article id 1142598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionImplementation is influenced by factors beyond individual clinical settings. Nevertheless, implementation research often focuses on factors related to individual providers and practices, potentially due to limitations of available frameworks. Extant frameworks do not adequately capture the myriad organizational influences on implementation. Organization theories capture diverse organizational influences but remain underused in implementation science. To advance their use among implementation scientists, we distilled 70 constructs from nine organization theories identified in our previous work into theoretical domains in the Organization Theory for Implementation Science (OTIS) framework.MethodsThe process of distilling organization theory constructs into domains involved concept mapping and iterative consensus-building. First, we recruited organization and implementation scientists to participate in an online concept mapping exercise in which they sorted organization theory constructs into domains representing similar theoretical concepts. Multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses were used to produce visual representations (clusters) of the relationships among constructs in concept maps. Second, to interpret concept maps, we engaged members of the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) OTIS workgroup in consensus-building discussions.ResultsTwenty-four experts participated in concept mapping. Based on resulting construct groupings coherence, OTIS workgroup members selected the 10-cluster solution (from options of 7-13 clusters) and then reorganized clusters in consensus-building discussions to increase coherence. This process yielded six final OTIS domains: organizational characteristics (e.g., size; age); governance and operations (e.g., organizational and social subsystems); tasks and processes (e.g., technology cycles; excess capacity); knowledge and learning (e.g., tacit knowledge; sense making); characteristics of a population of organizations (e.g., isomorphism; selection pressure); and interorganizational relationships (e.g., dominance; interdependence).DiscussionOrganizational influences on implementation are poorly understood, in part due to the limitations of extant frameworks. To improve understanding of organizational influences on implementation, we distilled 70 constructs from nine organization theories into six domains. Applications of the OTIS framework will enhance understanding of organizational influences on implementation, promote theory-driven strategies for organizational change, improve understanding of mechanisms underlying relationships between OTIS constructs and implementation, and allow for framework refinement. Next steps include testing the OTIS framework in implementation research and adapting it for use among policymakers and practitioners.

  • 21.
    Boalt Boëthius, Siv
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholms universitet.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mellan grupper2019In: Organisationspsykologi: teori, kritik, praktik / [ed] Stefan Jern, Johan Näslund, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, Vol. Sidorna 215-231, p. 215-231Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Bohlin, Gustav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Höst, Gunnar E.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Is it my responsibility or theirs? Risk communication about antibiotic resistance in the Swedish daily press2014In: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 13, no 3:A02Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibiotic resistance is an increasing global threat involving many actors, including the general public. We present findings from a content analysis of the coverage of antibiotic resistance in the Swedish print media with respect to the risk communication factors cause, magnitude and countermeasures. The most commonly reported cause of development and spread of resistance was unnecessary prescription of antibiotics. Risk magnitudes were mostly reported qualitatively rather than using quantitative figures. Risk-reduction measures were analyzed using a framework that distinguishes between personal and societal efficacy. Measures at the societal level were more commonly reported compared to the individual level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Bonazzi, Riccardo
    et al.
    Univ Appl Sci & Arts Western Switzerland HES SO, Switzerland.
    Gautschi, Heidi
    Haute Ecole Pedag Vaud HEP Vaud, Switzerland.
    Viscusi, Gianluigi
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems and Digitalization. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Imperial Coll, England.
    Discussing blockchain applications in TED Talks: A fashion wave approach to understanding the blockchain phenomenon2023In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, no 7, article id e0289025Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since its first appearance as the infrastructure supporting Bitcoin, blockchain has received different waves of attention from practitioners and academics. Besides the degree of interest, the attention to blockchain has often focused not merely on its own potential and characteristics but on its applications field. However, looking at its application and deployment in domains other than cryptocurrency or the nascent non-fungible tokens (NFTs), blockchain technology does not seem to be widely adopted or is still in its early stages. Given this, we are interested in how managers and the general public are informed about new technology other than through academic papers or the specialized press. In this paper, we analyze how blockchain has been presented by speakers invited to give TED and TEDx Talks to identify the most common terms used to present blockchain in these talks using a multi-methods approach (qualitative analysis and big data analysis) and see if the discourse surrounding blockchain has shifted over time. The results of this study show how the different perspectives brought by broadcasters like TED often overshadow a technological innovation like the blockchain in its evolution and application by the fact that the focus is instead shifted to products and services built on it. Also, this study shows how different degrees of attention and expertise are associated with each fashion wave of new or emergent technology innovations.

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    fulltext
  • 24.
    Bronow, Robin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Finns det någon här som kan ha en teori om vad det hela kan bero på?: En netnografisk undersökning av diskussionsforumet på träningssajten Funbeat2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the Swedish site Funbeat which is a space dedicated to people who share an interest in exercising in general, and running in particular. By applying a netnographic analysis, I will investigate if Funbeat matches the criteria of a participatory culture and how the members manage to establish a collective intelligence within the community. In order to achieve this, I will analyze the interactivity between the participants which occurs in discussion threads concerning injuries related to running, in the sites discussion forum. The results will then be discussed in relation to previous research within the field for participatory culture, collective intelligence and interactivity.

    The outcome of the study revealed that Funbeat can be regarded as very good example of a participatory culture. By each member sharing their individual knowledge in matters regarding injuries, a collective intelligence was established. This knowledge has been acquired by personal experience, by consulting a physiotherapist or by sharing information which intend to serve as self-help for other members.

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    Netnografi Funbeat
  • 25.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    La production du "plan d'écoute" comme pratique collective catégorisante dans une émission télévisée en direct2008In: Médias, guerres et identités: Les pratiques communicationnelles de l'appartenance politique, ethnique et religieuse, Paris: Éditions des Archives Contemporaines , 2008, p. 226-247Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [fr]

    Le neuvième chapitre, rédigé par Mathias Broth, traite de la manière dont une équipe de réalisation d'une émission télévisée en direct travaille pour présenter l'interaction qui a lieu sur le plateau et qu'elle est en train de filmer. A partir de la réalisation d'une émission qui porte sur le conflit au Proche-Orient entre Palestiniens et Isréliens, ce chapitre analyse comment ces deux catégories nationales sont rendues pertinentes par l'équipe et comment elles sont ensuite montrées à l'audience des téléspectateurs.

  • 26.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Levin, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI).
    Showing where you're going: Instructing the accountable use of the indicator in live traffic2018In: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 28, p. 248-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes an interest in how students at a driving school areinstructed how to make the car's behaviour intelligible (accountable)to other road users in traffic. Taking the indicator as an example,the analytic focus is on the ways in which the indicator'srelevance is instructed and its timely activation practiced, andhow activating the indicator is instructed as part of moreencompassing turning procedures. The indicator is one of the centralresources built into cars for displaying to others a driver'sintention about where to go next. Although indicating does not,in itself, affect the movement of the car, activating the indicatoris crucial for allowing others to anticipate a car's movement inspace, and coordinate themselves with it. The analysis showshow instructors manage trainee drivers' instructed actions duringdriving by providing descriptions of what using the indicatoraccomplishes before a directive to turn (a), after a directive to turn(b), and as accounts for initiating correction of trainee driver carcontrol activity (c).

  • 27.
    Broth, Mathias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Laurier, EricUniversity of Edinburgh.Mondada, LorenzaUniversity of Basel.
    Studies of Video Practices: Video at Work2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last two decades have seen a rapid increase in the production and consumption of video by both professionals and amateurs. The near ubiquity of devices with video cameras and the rise of sites like YouTube have lead to the growth and transformation of the practices of producing, circulating, and viewing video, whether it be in households, workplaces, or research laboratories.

    This volume builds a foundation for studies of activities based in and around video production and consumption. It contributes to the interdisciplinary field of visual methodology, investigating how video functions as a resource for a variety of actors and professions.

  • 28.
    Burlin Lindkvist, Mårten
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    Johansson, Alexander
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    En bekväm och osocial framtid?: En kvalitativ studie om relationer, kommunikation ochidentitetsskapande i virtuella communitys2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar virtuella communitys som en plats för social interaktion, kommunikation och identitetsskapande. Syftet med uppsatsen var att utforska hur relationer skapas, hur kommunikationen sker och hur individer framställer sin identitet på Internet. Studien har bedrivits genom en kvalitativ intervjustudie med fokusgrupper och målgruppen har varit unga vuxna i åldern 19-25 år. Som bakgrundsmaterial har vi undersökt tidigare forskning kring virtuella communitys, identitetsskapande, chattande och cyberkultur. Resultatet av studien kom att visa respondenternas användning av virtuella communitys och att dem ser det som en viktig del av det sociala livet. Forskningen visar att det finns många positiva sidor med den virtuella kommunikationen t.ex. anonymiteten, multiple kommunikation och att individer är fysiskt skyddade på grund av okroppslig kontakt. Den visar också nya möjligheter som finns i virtuella communitys och Internet i allmänhet kontra den fysiska världen. Trots att den virtuella kommunikationen spelar stor roll i det sociala livet sågs ändå den fysiska kommunikationen som viktig. Detta eftersom känslomässiga responser och fysiska uttrycks uteblir till stor del på Internet. Forskningen upprätthåller också ny fakta inom ämnet virtuella communitys och visar att användare ser mediet som ett sätt att vara social men ändå inte, något som de kallar “semiaktiv”. Virtuella communitys användes mestadels för att hålla kontakten med vänner, istället för att skapa nya som tidigare forskning mer syftar på.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 29.
    Cameron, Lachlan
    et al.
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN).
    Harms, Natalie
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN).
    van Tilburg, Xander
    Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN).
    Gardiner, Ann
    Ecofys, Germany.
    Fridahl, Mathias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Davis, Stacey
    Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP).
    Pitt, Hannah
    Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP).
    von Luepke, Heiner
    GIZ, Germany.
    Herrmann, Lisa
    GIZ, Germany.
    Zachow, Inga
    GIZ, Germany.
    Day, Thomas
    NewClimate Institute, Germany.
    Röser, Frauke
    NewClimate Institute, Germany.
    Levin, Kelly
    WRI, the USA.
    Vener, James
    UNDP.
    NAMAs and INDCs: Interactions and opportunities2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Countries representing more than 90 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and population have submitted intendednationally determined contributions (INDCs) in anticipation of the 21st COP in Paris. In parallel, developing countries are designing at least 152 nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and 13 have secured implementation funding. Connecting these two concepts, more than a third of developing countries communicate a role for NAMAs in their INDCs. 

    It is therefore vital to understand the potential role of NAMAs (here understood as specific actions) with respect to INDCs (which are often broader targets) and vice versa. This paper explores the links between NAMAs and INDCs with regard to various elements central to their implementation, including: access to finance; stakeholder engagement; sustainable development impacts; measurement, reporting and verification (MRV); and institutional frameworks.

    To avoid delaying mitigation action any further, it is important to keep momentum behind NAMAs. They represent one of the few tools at our disposal for countries to undertake mitigation actions, be recognised for these efforts, and mobilise climate finance and investment. The skills and learning on NAMA development can be seen more fundamentally as capacity for the design of bottom-up actions. Attention should be paid now to ensure that this capacity is maintained in the future. To do this, continued attention must be paid to NAMAs in Paris, as a key implementation tool for INDCs and, therefore, a key element of the success of a new global climate agreement.

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    fulltext
  • 30.
    Cardell, David
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Underhållningsidrott som upplevelseindustri: Review of Hans Lundberg (2009) Kommunikativt entreprenörskap [diss.]2010In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvecklingen av idrotten – ursprungligen den obefläckade kampen mellan vackra nakna grekiska ynglingar, överflyttad till engelska public school-gräsmattor med på- och välklädda, och inte alltid så vackra överklassynglingar, i något skede som folklig kultur med brödrafolksambitioner, till dagens underhållningsidrott med ekonomiska snarare än ädla motiv – har beskrivits i många texter av skilda slag, inklusive avhandlingar. Det har stundtals klagats på en alltför deterministisk hållning inför utvecklingen, som vore den obehindrad, okontrollerbar, oförklarlig – och värst av allt, inte i behov av förklaring. Inte sällan tar studier avstamp i fait accompli som utvecklingens krona, snapshots från en ny tid. Men även i snävt avgränsade tidsrymder kan skeenden fångas, vilket Hans Lundberg, gammal forumrecensent och nybliven ekonomie doktor visar i sin avhandling Kommunikativt entreprenörskap: Underhållningsidrott som totalupplevelse före, under och efter formeringen av den svenska upplevelseindustrin 1999–2008 (Växjö University Press). Vi bad en annan forumrecensent, tillika nybliven idrottsvetenskaplig licentiat, David Cardell om en recension av Lundbergs idé- och empiritäta bok. Sin recension, som på ett närmast impressionistiskt sätt fångar avhandlingen essenser i smått och stort, avslutar Cardell med reflektionen att textens ställvisa svårgenomtränglighet till trots är Lundbergs dióktorsopus läsvärt för alla som uppmärksammat och häpnat inför idrottens senmoderna utveckling, och kanske än mer angelägen för den som inte ens noterat denna utveckling.

  • 31.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från personligt problem till administrativt beslut: att ansöka om ekonomiskt bistånd1992Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main interests behind this study has been to examine how institutions, such as the social services, deal with people 's troubles and difficulties, how a private problem is transferred to the language used within a public institution. The study deals with the processing of applications for financial assistance, and is based on a documentation of talk and text - from the initial telephone mediated contact to the final written decision - which are produced in the handling of the clients' applications. Even though previous studies of institutional discourse have shown interest in the daily routines of formal organizations, working with the processing of cases, they have often neglected the role that different kinds of texts play in these processes. The present study concems the roJe of text and talk as parts of such routines.

    DATA

    The study contains a detailed documentation of the processing of appJications for financial assistance involving 25 individual cases. This corpus was compiled <luring 1988 and 1989 in three social welfare offices in two middle-sized Swedish cities. It comprises mainly the following data:

    a) telephone conversations between social workers and clients (20 calls are documented by means of participant observations and written notes)

    b) face-to-face conversations between social workers and clients (25 audio-taped conversations)

    c) application forms and other written documents which form the basis for decisions (copies of the relevant papers from 20 cases)

    d) the social workers' written decisions (copies from 20 cases)

    e) meetings with the social welfare committee (discuss ions and decisions conceming 3 applications documented by means of participant observation and written notes: copies of the minutes and other kinds of written decisions)

    f) interviews with the clients and social workers, who participatedin the study (23 clients and 15 social workers have participated in audio-taped interviews).

    ANALYSIS

    The recorded conversations and interviews were transcribed in extenso. The analyses are based on the transcriptions as well as the audio-tapes. The conversations have been analysed in several ways, e.g. in terms of sequential structure and contents as well as their function in the institutional context.

    The written documents - the applications and decisions etc. - included in the study have been analysed mainly with regard to their significance in the processing of the individual cases. The documents have made it possible to investigate both the relation between spoken and written discourse and the processing of 'cases' through several stages, which is common in many areas of bureaucratic organizations (Jönsson, 1988).

    RESULTS

    The presentation of the results of this study follows the stages which have been identified in the processing of the cases. This handling of the clients is found to follow a distinct order which includes the following steps: 1) the client's initial telephone call to the social welfare office; 2) the application form which is supposed to be filled in by the client; 3) the social welfare interview; 4) the decision concerning the client's application. In short, the findings may be summarized as follows.

    The initial telephone conversation functions as a buffer between the social welfare officer and the applicants. During this stage in the processing of people, a 'screening' takes place. This gives the social worker a chance to make informal judgements as to whether the client should persist in seeking help and also to provide the ' client-to-be' with information concerning other ways of solving her or his financial difficulties. If the client's financial (and social) position seems to fit into some of the categories that make a person eligible for financial  assistance, a slot for the client is found (i.e. this person is offered an appointment for an interview and/or provided with an application form).

    The application form is used to collect information about the applicant. This form, however, plays a more prominent role in the different stages than expected, since it gives a structure to many of the routines and procedures used when a client's application is being handled. This procedure may moreover be seen as a way of disciplining clients, and teaching them 'the client role' (cf. Lipsky, 1980, p. 61). When a person has filled in the necessary details on this application form, he or she has been accepted and given a client status in the further relations with the social welfare office.

    The social welfare interview gives the client access to the social welfare office and gives him the opportunity of providing more information about his or her financial difficulties. The conversation usually begins with a revision of the application form. In connection with this, the client often talks about the events in the past which are related to the need for financial assistance (cf. Cedersund, 1992). It is during the interview that we are able to observe how the client's financial problems are reformulated in a way that may be accepted within the social welfare organization. This transformation of 'problems' into 'cases' is made possible through the use of a typification where the clients are assigned to certain categories which are usually implicitly expressed in discourse.

    The decision is made by the social workers or in some cases her supervisor and/or the district board for social welfare services (Sw. : social distriktsnämnd). The decision is often given to the client in the social welfare interviews and the written decisions are mostly produced after this encounter. These written texts in most cases include a short summary of the specific details of the client's financial difficulties and needs. This summary may be similar to a later version of the client's own oral account of his or her financial difficulties given during the welfare interview. The last part of the written decisions always includes statements which show the approval (or rejection) of the client's application. The written decisions seem to be produced in order to document the processing of the applications within the office rather than as a text to be read by the clients.

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    Från personligt problem till administrativt beslut: att ansöka om ekonomiskt bistånd
  • 32.
    Clifford, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM.
    Jansson, Maria
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM.
    Klusterkraft: Filmbranschen i Norrköping och Linköping, en samarbetsindustri?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Är Norrköping Sveriges nya Hollywood? Ja, åtminstone finns det definitivt en början till ett kreativt kluster kring film, och förutsättningarna finns också för att det ska växa sig ännu starkare. Ett kluster är ett antal företag inom samma fält som befinner sig inom samma geografiska område och samarbetar med varandra för allas vinst. När det handlar om företagande inom konst och kultur kallas det för kreativa kluster. I ett kluster blir företagen inte bara varandras konkurrenter, utan tvärtom drar alla fördel av de samarbeten och den specialisering som utvecklas. Vi har gjort en studie av Norrköping som hem för ett kreativt kluster kring film och jämfört med Linköping. Detta för att se vilka möjligheter och förutsättningar städerna har till att bilda kreativa kluster. Vi belyser också hur ett kreativt kluster uppstår och utvecklas genom att studera produktionsbolag samt nyckelpersoner inom filmbranschen. Vårt huvudfokus i denna studie är att undersöka vad samarbeten inom filmbranschen har för positiva och negativa effekter utifrån en klusterteori. Utöver det utgår vi från frågeställningarna Hur påverkar platsen möjligheterna till samarbeten? Hur påverkar utbildning möjligheterna inom filmbranschen? Vilka komponenter krävs för att ett kreativt kluster ska uppstå och utvecklas? samt Vilka av dessa komponenter finns i Linköping respektive Norrköping? Vi lyfter även filmbranschens utveckling, vilka resurser som finns tillgängliga för filmskapare i respektive stad, men också etableringsfasen och bakgrunden för olika produktionsbolag i regionen. Studien har utförts genom fyra kvalitativa intervjuer med två produktionsbolag, Fishy Minds och FilmVision samt två nyckelpersoner inom filmbranschen i respektive stad, Johan Karlsson (Chef för Cnema och Film i Öst, Norrköping) och Ann-Sofie Löw (Kultursekreterare, Linköping). Utöver det har vi även utfört en enkätundersökning med elva produktionsbolag i Östergötland. Det vi har kommit fram till är att det i Norrköping finns en början till ett kreativt kluster, och att förutsättningarna finns för att det ska frodas. Det börjar nu satsas på film i Linköping mer än vad som tidigare gjorts, men staden ligger långt efter Norrköping och vi ser i dagsläget ingen tendens till ett kreativt filmkluster.

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    Klusterkraft
  • 33.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Philosophy and Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Communication of ethics – across cultural boundaries2022In: Diogenes (English ed.), ISSN 0392-1921, E-ISSN 1467-7695, Vol. 64, no 1-2, p. 11-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is it possible to communicate ethics across cultural borders? Not according to representativesof “the incommensurability thesis”, who claim that values and norms are culturally bounded.This article argues against this thesis. A first problem is that cultures and traditions are seenas comprehensive, delimited, and exclusive. Normally, however, a culture develops from andis in dialogue with other cultures. Further, the inner diversity of cultures and traditions opensthe possibility of communication and shared understandings across cultural borders. Finally, theteaching and discussion of cross-cultural ethics provide practical evidence of the possibility ofdialogue and mutual understanding.

  • 34.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Bilingual and second language interactions: Views from Scandinavia2013In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 121-131Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Conversation analysis and emergency calls2013In: The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics / [ed] Carol A. Chapelle, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, p. 982-985Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calls for emergency assistance are operated by a range of organizations across the world, including local police authorities, medical institutions, and dedicated dispatch centers.

  • 36.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Handlingars konsekvens och tolkningars relevans: Om deltagarorientering inom konversationsanalys2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, p. 39-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 37.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Osvaldsson, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Persson-Thunqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Sociology . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Context that matters: Producing “thick-enough descriptions” in initial emergency reports2008In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 40, p. 927-959Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how troublesome events are described in children’s emergency calls. In focus forthe analysis are the procedures through which participants methodically deal with contextual informationconcerning the reported emergency event during the early phases of the call, i.e., up to the point where theoperator is able to set emergency priority. This choice is motivated by a set of institutional concerns thatsurface in the interaction typically, but not solely, through the operator’s ways of receiving and managing thecaller’s unfolding report. The initial phase of emergency calls thus offers a locus of order, a phenomenon initself, in addition to offering access to some of the finer details of sequential and categorical organisation ofinteraction in emergency calls. Applying Ryle’s (1968) distinction between ‘thin’ vs. ‘thick’ description(roughly, the description of an observed event vs. description of the meaning of an observed event) to thereporting of emergencies, we argue that determining the relevant level of ‘thickness’ is, above all, a task forthe participants themselves. Hence, our analysis shows that interaction during the early phases of emergencycalls is distinctively geared towards producing a ‘thick-enough’ description of the reported event. Thesefindings are discussed in terms of the methodological problem of how features of the context can enterinteraction analytic accounts of institutional exchanges. Specifically, we argue that relevant features ofcontext ‘brought along’ to emergency calls (to do, for instance, with operators’ institutional agendas orcallers’ situations) are also ‘brought about’ by the participants as part of the interactional work throughwhich one party’s observations are jointly transformed into descriptions that form accountable reports ofemergency events.

  • 38.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Persson-Thunqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Osvaldsson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘‘SOS 112 what has occurred?’’: Managing openings in children’s emergency calls2012In: Discourse, Context & Media, ISSN 2211-6958, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 183-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the initial exchanges in calls to the Swedish emergency services, focusing on callers’ responses to the standardised opening phrase “SOS one one two, what has occurred?”. Comparisons across three age groups – children, teenagers and adults – revealed significant differences in caller behaviour. Whereas teenagers and adults offered reports of the incident, child callers were more prone to request dispatch of specific assistance units. This pattern was only observable when children were accompanied by an adult relative, which leads us to propose that child callers may be operating under prior adult instruction concerning how to request help. The second part of the analysis examines the local organisation of participants' actions, showing how turn-design and sequencing manifest the local concerns of the two parties. The analysis thus combines quantitative and qualitative methods to explore the ways through which the parties jointly produce an early sense of emergency incidents. These results are discussed in terms of children's agency and competence as informants granted to them by emergency operators, and how such competence ascriptions run against commonsense conceptualisations of children as less-than-full-fledged members of society.

  • 39.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Uppsala University.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, p. 13-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

  • 40.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Tholander, Michael
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Doing reluctance: Managing delivery of assessments in peer evaluation2007In: Discursive research in practice: New approaches to psychology and interaction / [ed] Alexa Hepburn, Sally Wiggins, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2007, p. 203-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past few decades new ways of conceiving the relation between people, practices and institutions have been developed, enabling an understanding of human conduct in complex situations that is distinctive from traditional psychological and sociological conceptions. This distinctiveness is derived from a sophisticated analytic approach to social action which combines conversation analysis with the fresh treatment of epistemology, mind, cognition and personality developed in discursive psychology. This text is the first to showcase and promote this new method of discursive research in practice. Featuring contributions from a range of international academics, both pioneers in the field and exciting new researchers, this book illustrates an approach to social science issues that cuts across the traditional disciplinary divisions to provide a rich participant-based understanding of action.

  • 41. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Ekholm, David
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sport as a Means of Responding to Social Problems: Rationales of Government, Welfare and Social Change2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport has been increasingly recognized in social policy as a means of steering social change and as a method for responding to diverse social problems. The present study examines how rationales of social change are formed through ‘sport as a means of responding to social problems’. Four research questions are posed: (1) How is it that sport can be thought of and articulated as a means of responding to social problems? (2) How are sport practices assumed to operate as a means of responding to social problems? (3) How are social problems represented when sport is promoted as a means of response? (4) What conduct, subjectivity and citizen competences are shaped within this regime of practice? The study focuses on the government of subjects’ conduct, the formation of community and delineation of domains subjected to social change. The gradual shifts in the governmental rationality of the Swedish welfare state provide a framework for the study. Two kinds of empirical material are investigated. Initially, scientific knowledge is analysed; after this, a sport-based intervention, conducted in cooperation between a social entrepreneur, municipality and local sport clubs, is examined. In relation to scientific discourse, research on sport for social objectives would benefit from more theoretically driven constructionist perspectives related to welfare state transformations. In scientific discourse, rationales of social change in sport are conceived of as individual attainment of skills, competences and powers that are presumably transferable to other social spheres. Such discourse represents problems as individual problems. With respect to the sport-based intervention, individual change is promoted by representatives of the social entrepreneur in terms of providing subjects with motivational powers, which are shaped by role models and applied in “choosing the right track”. By representing problems as risks, avoidance is formed as an individual opportunity. This positions subjects as being responsible for their own welfare and inclusion. Municipal policy makers view the intervention as a way to form community and social cohesion in response to tensions in society. They present sport (and the social entrepreneur) as a way to mobilize and activate civil society – which is associated with the potency of voluntarism, authentic leadership and personal relations based on common identity. Consequently, responsibility for responding to social problems is spread and elements of de-professionalized social work are imposed. To conclude, sport is conceptualized as a means of responding to social problems because sport practices are associated with individual agency and with an active civil society and moral community. The technologies and rationality of social change point out ‘the self’, ‘the community’ and ‘the place’ as locations where social change is possible, rather than the whole of society. For instance, the technologies of social change are based on activation and responsibilization of ‘the self’ and of ‘the community’. These rationales of social change are based on a critique of welfarist governmentality and of the idea of governing from ‘the social’ point of view. Arguably, such discourse obscures more profound social reform. The study provides some empirical explorations illustrating how a range of tendencies and mutations in the governmental rationality of the welfare state and of social work are  manifested in ‘sport as a means of responding to social problems’.

    List of papers
    1. Research on Sport as a Means of Crime Prevention in a Swedish Welfare Context: A Literature Review
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research on Sport as a Means of Crime Prevention in a Swedish Welfare Context: A Literature Review
    2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Sport Studies Forum, E-ISSN 2000-088X, Vol. 4, p. 91-120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews Swedish research literature on sport as a means to realize social objectives related to crime prevention, contextualized by international literature on the subject. The article examines how Swedish research on sport as a means of crime prevention can be understood in light of international research regarding research questions, theoretical approaches, and content. Utilizing content analysis with inductive category development, the article describes current Swedish and international research, identifies certain characteristics in Swedish research, as well as underlying assumptions. Besides a thorough description acknowledging discrepancies between scientific knowledge in literature and a common sense notion in society about sport as a means of crime prevention, the article highlights five results. First, Swedish research shows great similarities with international research regarding content. Second, previous research is greatly concerned with empirically driven approaches. Third, Swedish research is nonexplicit in terms of crime prevention as a social objective and considers social objectives a potential effect of, rather than a premise for, sport practices. Fourth, Swedish research is focused on primary and secondary prevention. Fifth, there is general lack of Swedish research on sport as a means of crime prevention. In conclusion, the article considers future possible directions in research with respect to characteristics in the traditionally upheld Swedish welfare state regime.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Malmö University, 2013
    Keywords
    crime reduction, social problem, social work, sport, welfare, youth, leisure, deviancy
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99435 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-10-18 Created: 2013-10-18 Last updated: 2023-06-19Bibliographically approved
    2. Sport and crime prevention: Individuality and transferability in research
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sport and crime prevention: Individuality and transferability in research
    2013 (English)In: Journal of Sport for Development, ISSN 2330-0574, Vol. 1, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have examined sport practices as a means of crime prevention. The article reviews the international body of literature on this subject from a social constructionist perspective. By exploring the idea of sport as a means of crime prevention, the article considers what is described on the subject and how these descriptions are articulated. Through a content analysis, the article aims to develop categories and provide an analytical discussion of the findings. The descriptive analysis reveals that, although researchers are most notably critical of putting faith in sport for social objectives, there is research that affirms the role of sport in crime prevention. When sport is upheld as a means of crime prevention, two modes of prevention are emphasised, called the averting-mode and the social change-mode. The discussion focuses primarily on how the dominant social change-mode is articulated and how this social change becomes a meaningful concept as portrayed in discourses on individuality and transferability. The importance and potential consequences of framing crime as a social problem and of framing sport as a solution in response are also discussed. Finally, the article sets out the direction for further research on sport as a means of crime prevention.

    Keywords
    Anti-social behaviour, Social problem, Social work, Welfare, Youth
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102954 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2016-08-23Bibliographically approved
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    Sport as a Means of Responding to Social Problems: Rationales of Government, Welfare and Social Change
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  • 42.
    Ekström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lindwall, Oskar
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication and Learning.
    To follow the materials: the detection, diagnosis and correction of mistakes in craft education2014In: Interacting with objects: Language, materiality, and social activity / [ed] Maurice Nevile, Pentti Haddington, Trine Heinemann & Mirka Rauniomaa, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, p. 227-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the role and function of textile materials in relation to corrective sequences in craft education. The analyses explicate how problems are detected, how problems are diagnosed and how problems are corrected and solved. When students encounter problems related to their making of a textile object, there is a disruption in the progression of the activity. Disruptions in progressivity in the analysed setting are not heard in intervening talk, but seen in the ways the materials have turned out. Correspondingly, actions used to overcome these problems, whether conducted in talk or otherwise, are not done on talk but on actions and materials involved in the making of objects.

  • 43.
    Eriksson, Anneli
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Det handlar bara om att man måste tänka lite annorlunda: de pedagogiska förutsättningarna inom en resursgrupp2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tanken att särskilja de elever som avviker från det som anses normalt är ingalunda en ny företeelse inom skolans värld. Hur välmenande än tanken i grunden må vara, kan den dock leda till stigmatisering av den särskiljda eleven i fråga. Norrköpings kommun använder sig, i dagsläget, av resursgrupper för att möta elever med neuropsykiska funktionshinders behov. Målet med denna studie är att genom användandet av intervjuer såväl som observationer se hur elevernas pedagogiska förutsättningar samt förutsättningar för återgång till skolan skapas inom denna specifika resursgrupp. Ämnet inkludering inom skolan är innehavare av en komplexitet där eleven påverkas av ett flertal aspekter förutom det reella funktionshindret. Denna komplexitet kan leda till svårigheter att möta eleven och se individen med individuella behov.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 44.
    Eriksson, Julia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gustafsson, Ella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Strategisk marknadsföring i sociala medier: hur ett B2B-företag kan stärka sitt varumärke med hjälp av sociala medier2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is today described as a new marketing platform with a series of different communication channels. Something that is especially unique for this platform is the power that has been given to the consumers based on the fact that a great part of the communication takes place through them. This gives the companies who are going to market themselves a totally different role and a difficulty arises in how to adapt their brand after these new channels. The study therefore aims to provide guidelines for how a B2B company can market themselves and their brand in social media channels and how the choice of these channels affects the company’s brand.

    Marketing, B2B, branding and social media are the four main areas forming this essay, and together they create the theoretical foundation of the work. The study has been made with a qualitative approach with interviews that seeks to provide answers on how a B2B company should work with marketing in social media to strengthen its brand. The study has also used a company named Elanders as a case. Elanders is a B2B company that currently does not market itself in social media but has expressed a desire to do so.

    The empirical data in the study has been developed by interviews and has then been divided into two parts. One that only address the company Elanders and another one that focus on the opinions of experts regarding marketing, social media and branding. The empirical data has then been analyzed by looking at the theory and the models of the study.

    As a result we now have answers regarding how a B2B company can strengthen its brand by using social media, but also what kind of traps a company should be aware of regarding the use of this type of marketing. Furthermore, the study give specific advice on which channels to use and how many that are considered appropriate in order to maintain the channels in a successful way. We have in this study also been able to see the relevance of formatting a clear strategy that is consistent with a B2B company’s goals and marketing and the importance to give someone the main responsibility for the channels. It is also beneficial for a B2B company to learn more about search engine optimization, to be aware of potential competition and to have a clear picture of how the customers use social media.

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    Strategisk marknadsföring i sociala medier
  • 45.
    Forchheimer, Claire
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Knowledge and communication in the computer age: Proceedings from a symposium, November 2-3, 1987, Linköping, Sweden1988Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    KNOWLEDGE AND COMMUNICATION IN THE COMPUTER AGE was organized by The Institute af Tema Research at the University of Linköping, Sweden. with support from The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, and the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research.

    Modern information technology has brought radically new conditions for human knowledge both for the individual human belng and on common, collective levels as well. How is the knowledge of today built up, how is it distributed? What do these changing conditions mean for baslc human quallties such as personality, responsibllity and communication between human beings? How is knowledge used, by whom and for what purposes in a changing and increasingly complex society? Does the intelligibllity of lif e and reality change? All these questions are present in dilierent senses and to different extents in various parts of life and society. The aim of the symposium was to shed light on the importance of same of the questions. Particular attention was paid to children and young people growing up in the new computer culture.

    The Organizer: In The Faculty of Arts and Science at Linköping University research is pursued and research training given under four broad problem areas known as temas (themes). These are Health and Society. Communication Studies. Technology and Social Change, and Water and Environmental Studies. In fall 1988 a fifth theme will start. f ocusing on children.

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    Knowledge and communication in the computer age: Proceedings from a symposium, November 2-3, 1987, Linköping, Sweden
  • 46.
    Forsell, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lärobok i kommunikation2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärobok i kommunikation är en nyskriven bok för 100p kursen i Kommunikation, tänkt för studieförberedandeprogram.

    Att kommunicera är något djupt mänskligt. Hela tiden sänder människor ut signaler med sitt kroppsspråk, sin röst eller kanske genom medier. I denna bok i kommunikation tittar vi närmare på vad kommunikation egentligen är.

    Författaren presenterar kommunikationsteorier men också en del handfasta och konkreta råd i hur man blir en bättre kommunikatör. I boken betonas särskilt delar som kommunikation i konflikter, hur det sociala sammanhanget påverkar vårt sätt att kommunicera och framväxten av mediesamhället och mediekulturer. Den löpande framställningen varvas med case, övningsuppgifter och intressanta fördjupningsrutor.

    Lärobok i kommunikation passar dig som:

    • Vill få både teoretiska modeller och handfasta tips.
    • Ha en bok framtagen för kursplanen i Gy 2011.
    • Vill läsa en bok med ett tydligt berättande språk.
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  • 47.
    Fredin, Erik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Pedagogiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Dialogen i socialt arbete: en studie av socialbyråsamtal i ljuset av modern dialogteori1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation concerns the dialogical encounters that take place between social workcr and client within the social services. The empirical material consists of 21 dialogues, 19 of which wcre recorded at two social welfare offices, one located in the center of Stockholm and the other in a suburb, and two which were recorded at the youth counseling office. In all, the material comprises 5150 individual utterances. In the literature, the type of dialogical cncounters studicd is called "institutional discourse".

    The theoretical approach in the analysis is based on an interactionist perspective, particularly with respect to dialogical analysis of verbal encounters. The aim of thc study is to analyse the dialogue between social worker and client from three points of de parture: participallt structure, topic, and inherent perspectives.

    In studying the discourse, the ini tiative-response (IR-) method of analysis was applied. The IR-method focuses on the dynamics of the dialogue, its pattern of dominance and its coherence. The results show that the social worker was interactively dominant in about two-thirds of the dialogues studied, but this dominance was most forcefully evident with respect to soliciting inititatives. With respect to content, the study concerns how the topical structure of the dialogue is constructed, i.e. which topics are taken up in the discourse and which of the parties steers the transition between topics. In the case of transitions to a topic defined as the main issue of the dialogue, it was the social worker who, in four-fifths of the cases, strategically steered the course of the dialogue. The perspective analysis undertaken in the study is concerned with investigating how different topics are treated in the dialogues, i.e. which of the parties "establishes" the perspectives and which "submits" to them . This analysis, made on a selection of seven of the 21 dialogical encounters, shows that it was the social worker who, in about two-thirds of thc cases, established by means of various interactive moves a bureaucratic or social welfare perspective on thc main topic sequences. Lastly, discursive dominance and power are discussed in the light of the prececling analyses.

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    Dialogen i socialt arbete: en studie av socialbyråsamtal i ljuset av modern dialogteori
  • 48.
    Gammelgaard Ballantyne, Anne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Business Development and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neset, Tina-Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Images of climate change: A pilot study of young people’s perceptions of ICT-based climate visualization2016In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 134, no 1, p. 73-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change can be difficult for laypeople to make sense of, because of its complexity, the uncertainties involved and its distant impacts. Research has identified the potentials of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for visualizing and communicating climate change to lay audiences and thus addressing these communication challenges.However, little research has focused on how ICT-based visualization affects audiences’ understandings of climate change. Employing a semiotic framework and through a combination of focus group interviews and mindmap exercises, we investigated how Swedish students make sense of climate messages presented through an ICT-based visualisation medium; a dome theatre movie. The paper concludes that visualization in immersive environments works well to concretize aspects of climate change and provide a starting point for reflection, but we argue that the potential to add interactive elements should be further explored, as interaction has the potential to influence meaning-making processes. In addition, audiences’ preconceptions of climate change influence their interpretations of climate messages, which may function as a constraint to climate communication.

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  • 49.
    Granström, Kjell
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Teaching and Learning in School, Teacher Education and other Educational Settings. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Arbete och kommunikation i arbetslag och arbetsenheter1990Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many schools in Sweden, so-called teacher teams work together and meet regularly to discuss their common problems and interests. Work and communication in teacher teams is a study of teachers' cooperation in such permanent working groups in relation to organizational context.

    A model characterizing the organizational context of teacher teams is presented. This model pertains to two aspects of school organization; degree of hierarchy and degree of tightness. A classification of the examined schools was possible by this model.

    The report demonstrates both how the items on the agenda and the handling of tasks in the different team meetings are highly influenced by the organizational context of the school.

    The second part of the study concerns the interactional dynamics in the meetings. The interaction is analyzed and described as a communication game. The different components and the "rules" of this communicatlon game are distinguished as well as the roles of the different participants and especially the distinctive features of leadership.

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    Arbete och kommunikation i arbetslag och arbetsenheter
  • 50.
    Guendouzi, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, USA.
    Müller, Nicole
    University of Louisiana, Lafayette, USA.
    Approaches to discourse in dementia2005 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The qualitative analysis of naturally occurring discourse in neurogenic communication disorders, specifically in dementia studies, has experienced recent burgeoning interest from wide-ranging disciplines. This multidisciplinarity has been exciting, but has added contextual confusion. This book advances the study of discourse in dementia by systematically exploring and applying different approaches to the same free conversational data sets, collected and transcribed by the authors. The applied methodologies and theories comprise a useful sourcebook for students, researchers, and practitioners alike.

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