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  • 1.
    Abdalhamed, Soura
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Experiences and Perceptions of Discrimination among Highly Educated Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market: A Qualitative Study2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Abdulla, Afrah
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about newly arrived adult migrants’ meaning making and learning in Swedish society during the two years’ introduction period, after they have received the residence permit. I have specifically studied Arabic speaking adults’ meaning making and learning, by carrying out observations and individual in-depth interviews with 12 migrants. The introduction period consists mainly of three so called introduction measures; the civic orientation course, Swedish for immigrants (SFI), and different work related activities, such as internship at different work places.

    The results show that etablering is about shaping the newly arrived adult migrants into ”good” citizens, through the introduction measures, among other things in the civic orientation course, which is regulated through the policy documents, and which so to say provides meaning to the newly arrived. The “good” citizen has some specific characteristics, which, roughly, are that he or she is independent (and advocates individuality), free, equality thinking, secularized, law-abiding (which includes being honest), responsible, and a “good” parent. These characteristics are expressed in different ways in the civic orientation course, for instance through the course material. The Swedish society is described as something desirable, and different from what is implied to be ”Arabic” values and ways of thinking. The idea of the “good” citizen appears to aim at constructing the adult migrants’ (and their families’) identity, something which many of the study’s respondents make a resistance to.

    As concerns the migrant’s new experiences, it is, for example, those which the migrant get through the contact with the Swedish Public Employment Service (SPES) that affect the meaning making in the new society. The meaning which most of the respondents have made of the SPES’s measures for them is that this authority only offers “prepackaged” solutions, and does not provide the help or support that they need. Also the experiences which the migrant has in the civic orientation course, and the meaning which ”old” migrants give to him or her, play a role when he or she makes meaning of Sweden and Swedes, and of his or her new life situation. Further, it has been shown that it is those experiences that the adult individual has been socialized through, and those which he or she has gained through work or education in his or her country of origin, which affect his or her meaning making in Sweden. It is mostly values which concern child upbringing and religion that lead to a certain understanding and construction of one’s new life. These values, when related to the values which are included in the ”good” citizen idea, also lead to either a resistance or a readiness towards the meaning giving that is embedded in the ”good” citizen notion.

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    Readiness or resistance?: Newly arrived adult migrants' experiences, meaning making, and learning in Sweden
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  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Daysury
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Colombianer på bioduken: Representationen av tre Hollywoodproducerade actionfilmer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis was to analyse three action films; Collateral Damage from 2002; Clear and Present Danger from 1994; and Scarface from 1983, in order to see how Colombians are represented in these movies.The action genre comprises of different stereotypes where the hero and the villain are represented in conjunction to each other. The analysis is about the way the films content and form are used to uphold the representation of Colombians, but also the villain and the hero more generally.

    Critical Discourse Analysis was used, as main method, and the concepts of denotation and connotation guided the analysis. . The main conclusion is that the three movies reproduced an already established collective stereotype of Latin Americans, stereotype that includes both Colombia and Colombians.

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    Ahlstedt, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Feeling of Migration: Narratives of Queer Intimacies and Partner Migration2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation analyzes narratives of queer partner migration, that is, a family-tie migration in which one of the partners of a relationship has migrated in order for the partners to be together, and where the partners queer the migration in the sense that they have a non-normative sexuality and/or gender identity. The purpose of the study is to examine how queer partner migrants and their Swedish partners experience the migration process – which continues also once the administrative process has been completed – by analyzing the emotions and feelings that emerge in the process. The study is a contribution to research on privileged migration as well as intimate migration.

    The focus is the queer partner migration relationship, and what emotions and feelings ‘do’ to this relationship, but also how emotions and feelings structure the migration process. The study analyzes the work three different emotions – love, loss, and belonging – do in these migration processes, and how this work is described in the participant narratives. Migrant participants have migrated from different parts of the world (Africa, Europe, Latin America, and North America), making it possible to analyze what emotions and feelings do in this particular migration process from the point of view of nationality and, in particular, proximity to ‘Western-ness,’ race, and language as well as how privileges connected to these positions come to matter in the process.

    The dissertation is an ethnographic interview study in which both migrants and Swedish partners have been interviewed. The interview material consists of a combination of couple interviews and individual interviews.

    By using affect theories and the concept of queer phenomenology, the dissertation shows how the work that emotions and feelings do in migration processes is connected to gender identity, sexual identity, race and whiteness, nationality, perceived proximity to Western-ness, class, language, and the migration narrative the migrating partner is (or is not) written into by way of the country they have migrated from. This is analyzed in relation to the theoretical frameworks of entanglement, homonationalism, and intimate citizenship.

    The analysis shows that emotions and feelings structure the migration process for both more privileged and less privileged migrants, but in different ways. The understanding of who ‘is’ a migrant, and the preparedness for the feelings that arise in a migration process, are tied to the positions mentioned above and the privileges these positions give, or do not give, the migrant access to. By focusing on emotions and feelings and what these do, the study also illustrates how the migration process affects the non-migrating partner as this partner engages in emotional labour to ‘make’ the migrating partner ‘Swedish.’ Through their the migrating partner, the non-migrating partner is also aligned in a way that makes them a little bit less ‘Swedish,’ contributing to the non-migrating partner being ‘stopped’ in ways they have usually not experienced before. The study further shows how migration processes produces inequality, and the difficulties that arise when the couples try to live up to the Swedish ideal of the equal relationship.

    The interviews are analyzed as narratives, and both narratives and storytelling are important throughout the dissertation, not only as the method used in the analysis but as the form of the dissertation, making it a kind of super structure organizing the writing. Writing (how to write accessibly and interesting) and reading (how to write in order to invite an open and active reading) are important aspects of the dissertation.

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    The Feeling of Migration: Narratives of Queer Intimacies and Partner Migration
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  • 5.
    Ahlstedt, Sara
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Qvist, Martin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Suter, Brigitte
    Malmö högskola.
    Migration: Suveränitet, gränser och kontroll2013In: Migrationens och etnicitetens epok: Kritiska perspektiv i etnicitets- och migrationsstudier / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, p. 54-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Akman, Catherine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Andersson, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Språket - en väg till identiteten: - En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt till elever med svenska som andraspråk2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i barnkonventionen och skolans styrdokument. I fokus är pedagogens uppdrag att stödja elevens trygghetskänsla och självbild genom ett medvetet arbetssätt där elevens bakgrund, kultur och språk uppmärksammas. Ett delsyfte är att undersöka eventuella olikheter i pedagogers förhållningssätt, till elevers kulturella bakgrund och modersmål som en resurs i undervisningen. Studien tar stöd i tidigare forskning som visar på ett tydligt samband mellan pedagogens förhållningssätt, elevens identitetsutveckling och skolresultat. Den teoretiska bakgrunden finner vi bland annat i Mead (1976) som beskriver hur signifikanta andra (till exempel en lärare) påverkar identitetsutvecklingen hos eleven genom att individen ser sig själv som en spegelbild, genom andra. Studien är en kvalitativ undersökning som vi genomfört genom deltagande observationer kompletterade med en mindre enkät. Vår undersökningsgrupp består av sju pedagoger fördelat på två olika skolor, i Norrköpings kommun, med tillgång till olika ekonomiska resurser. Resultatet visar på olikheter i pedagogernas förhållningssätt på båda skolorna. I enkätsvaren framkom att de flesta pedagogerna hade relativt god kunskap om fördelarna med att uppmärksamma elevernas kulturella bakgrund och språk för att skapa goda förutsättningar för lärande och identitetsutveckling för eleverna med svenska som andraspråk. Dock visade observationerna att pedagogerna inte genomför detta i praktiken. Vår slutsats av studien är att skillnaden mellan pedagogers olika arbetssätt främst beror på den enskilda pedagogens attityder och intresse.

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  • 7.
    ALOUI, KENZA
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Be beautiful and speak up: Africana beauty at the forefront of an inclusive Internet beauty culture.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The beauty industry has been booming in the last few years, generating immense profits as it now translates into an Internet global beauty culture in its own right that finally made room for women of color. As research barely mentions African women and their diasporas, this study aims to critically analyze the dynamic of this North American-dominated Internet beauty culture celebrating non-white women, looking at how it impacts African women and their diasporas and participates in affirming a global woman of color through commodity capitalism. 

    Based on discourse analysis of multiple actors in the industry using popular culture sources, I then conducted a critical feminist autoethnography of my beauty journey, put in perspective with the results of decolonial interviews with African and African diaspora women recruited online. I asked about their relationship with the beauty industry and their opinions on some arguments I made. Self and collective analysis demonstrated the emergence of an African diasporic hybrid beauty culture, empowering women to feel like actors of change. 

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  • 8.
    Aman, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Strangers Everywhere?: Home and unhomeliness in newly arrived pupils’ narratives in language learning2023In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 725-739Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article scrutinises the ways in which pupils who have experienced transnational migration construct ‘home’ and the unmaking of ‘home’. Researchers have argued that migrants’ perspectives on belonging are seldom granted scholarly attention. Here, we seek to redress this oversight by inquiring about the ways in which newly arrived migrants define their (un)homeliness in Sweden in the context of astate-sponsored introductory language programme. The focus is on how these pupils themselves define the notion of home, their sense of belonging, and what they envision as necessary to achieve in order to become part of the national community. What emerges in these stories is aconstant negotiation to fill the idea of ‘home’ with content. These negotiations take place in apresent, but always in relation to both apast and an imagined future– in which homeliness appears in different ways, with different meanings.

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  • 9.
    Andersson, Axel
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Dichotomies of Utility: Experiences of Refugee Reception and Demographic Challenges in Rural Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the years immediately following the so-called “refugee crisis”, Swedish municipalities that had received many refugees improved their financial position in a quite remarkable way. Overall, 2016 might have been the best financial year ever for the municipal sector. In sharp contrast to this, 2019 saw an estimated third of all municipalities run deficits. In the public debate, this has generally been explained as a result of refugee reception and integration, which are seen as major cost factors draining the municipalities of funds. Other issues which have seen less prominence in the public debate include ongoing demographic challenges stemming from birth deficits, emigration and the continued ageing of the population. These are particularly sensitive areas in the case of smaller, rural municipalities, which generally have smaller populations than the major towns and cities. The purpose of this thesis is thus to examine how municipalities within this category have experienced refugee reception and the integration process during and in the aftermath of the refugee crisis. This has been achieved through a qualitative approach centred around thematic and qualitative content analysis frameworks. Theoretical concepts based around citizenship, integration, welfare studies and macroeconomics have been consulted. The macroeconomic framework employed stems from the heterodox school of economics, primarily centred around the school of thought known as Modern Monetary Theory. The empirical material consists of various documents published by the central government, government agencies and municipalities in order to frame what has turned out to be a contradictory and conflict-ridden account of refugee reception. During the crisis, an overwhelming majority of the Swedish municipalities saw unprecedented economic growth as a result of government spending, which has since stagnated as a result of the central government returning to its pre-crisis fiscal policy framework. In 2015, the Swedish central government turned from a relatively open asylum policy towards a very restrictive one, a shift primarily motivated with reference to financial concerns. However, this turn resulted in decreased opportunities for rural municipalities to benefit from increased migration inflows, which has turned out to be a decisive factor for economic growth and demographic sustainability. The results show that municipalities that have worked actively with integration have not only managed to accommodate the sudden needs of refugees, but actively benefitted from population growth and increased tax revenue. While the ensuing result does not necessarily advocate for increased immigration, it challenges established macroeconomic principles and the presumption that a stricter migration regime would mend the financial woes of all Swedish municipalities.

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  • 10.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Inclusion of immigrants -- effects of diffent kinds of partnerships2008In: Partnership: As a Stragegy for Social Innovation and Sustainable Change / [ed] Lennart Svensson, Barbro Nilsson, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press , 2008, 1, p. 159-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Is partnership as an organisational principle a way to overcome the limitations of project-organisation and its focus on short-term outcomes? Or is the interest in partnership organisations only an expression of a trend or a fashion in the growing market for organisational development in complex situations? In this book 14 scholars get new data and make careful analysis of the partnership organisation both in theory and in practice. They analyse the effectiveness of the partnership organisation in implementing changes and innovation with long-term effects rather than short-term results. The ambition is to address practical dilemmas and problems in the partnership organisation by using different theoretical perspectives - theories about organisational learning, strategies for change, power and empowerment, gender analysis, governance and participation etc. The research presented is valuable in order to achieve deeper understanding of the pros and cons with the partnership organisation. When can it be useful? What kind of problems can be addressed? Which conditions are necessary if the partnership model is to be used? Editors are Lennart Svensson, professor of sociology at the University of Linkoping, Sweden and Barbro Nilsson, Ph.D. and lecturer of pedagogic at the Institution of Behaviour Science learning at the University of Linkoping. Also contributing are Ken Caplan, Leda Stott, Erik Lindhult, Ingela Malqvist, Marianne Parmsund, Ann-Christine Larsson, Maria Bogren, Sofia Wistus, Ragnar Andersson, Hanna Westberg, Anette Scoppetta and Gun Hedlund.

  • 11.
    Andreassen, Rikke
    et al.
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Lundström, CatrinLinköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.Keskinen, SuviUniversity of Helsinki, Finland.Tate, Shirley AnneUniversity of Alberta, Canada; Nelson Mandela University, South Africa.
    The Routledge International Handbook of New Critical Race and Whiteness Studies2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Arbouz, Daphne
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Vad betyder det att inte känna sig hemma där man är född och uppvuxen?: om mellanförskap i dagens Sverige2012In: Om ras och vithet i det samtida Sverige / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Helena Hörnfeldt, Fataneh Farahani, & René León Rosales, Tumba/Botkyrka: Mångkulturellt Centrum , 2012, p. 37-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns rasistiska strukturer i dagens Sverige- Men flertalet av oss blundar gärna för både vithetens privilegier och den diskriminering som icke-vita svenskar utsätts för. Vår fysiska kropp påverkar hur vi blir bemötta, betraktade och behandlade. Därför måste vi börja tala om ras. Först då kan vi förstå de samhällsproblem som handlar om vardagsrasism, segregation och diskriminering.

    Med inspiration från kritisk ras- och vithetsforskning skärskådar tolv forskare med varierande akademisk bakgrund dagens Sverige.

    Dessutom berättar medlemmar i Mellanförskapet, författare, journalister och andra om sina erfarenheter av att leva som icke-vita svenskar i dagens Sverige.

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  • 13.
    Ardeleanu, Bianca-Miruna
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO).
    A Belonging Paradox: Exploring the Reception of Ukrainian Refugee Pupils into Swedish Schools2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has forced millions of Ukrainian citizens, especially women and children, to seek refuge in other countries, including Sweden. Given the large number of Ukrainian refugee children, it is of utmost importance that they have the possibility to continue their education abroad. In Sweden, Ukrainian refugees have access to education, a right provided by their status as asylum seekers under the Temporary Protection Directive. This thesis aims to explore the reception of Ukrainian refugee students into Swedish schools, by focusing on the communication and interactions between Swedish schools' personnel, classes' collectives, and Ukrainian refugee students and their families. The data used for this study were obtained through conducting five semi-structured interviews with two middle- and high-school teachers and three studiehandledare. The results show that, in general, Swedish schools, teachers, and studiehandledare make substantial efforts to facilitate the reception and integration of Ukrainian refugee pupils; at the same time, the classes' collectives were described as cordial and helpful. Despite the welcoming nature of Swedish schools and the safety that Sweden provides, the Ukrainian refugee pupils and their families struggle to find a sense of belonging, especially since the majority of Ukrainian refugees wish to return to Ukraine once the war is over. The belonging paradox experienced by Ukrainian refugees is, thus, characterised by their desire to express gratitude towards Sweden and, at the same time, being unable to get accustomed to the Swedish culture and education system while waiting to return home.

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  • 14.
    Aslanifard, Marjan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Pathways to the Labour Market for Persons with Disabilities and Forced Migration Experience in Sweden and Germany2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intersection of forced migration and disability is often overlooked, both in research, public discourse and political action. Building on the emerging literature looking at the situation in host countries and against the backdrop of the increasing focus on employment in both asylum and disability contexts, the thesis explores the access to the labour market for persons with disabilities and forced migration experience in Sweden and Germany. In order to answer the question of how pathways to the labour market for persons with disabilities and forced migration experience look like, the thesis combines a policy document analysis with four semi-structured interviews with organisations working at the intersection in both countries. The selected material and interviews are analysed with a reflexive thematic analysis approach following Braun & Clarke (2006) under an intersectional lens. The policy analysis shows, in addition to the lack of engagement with the intersection, that the respective asylum laws influence the access to the labour market through work permits and through their interplay with the provision of disability services. From the interviews, it appears that in both countries, persons with disabilities and forced migration experience get access to the labour market either through registration with the Employment Agency and their specific programmes for persons with disabilities, through sheltered workplaces in Sweden or sheltered workshops in Germany or personal contacts with diaspora communities or organisations. These different pathways are in both countries furthermore highly dependent on structural and personal prerequisites. Despite experiences of discrimination and ableism, the interviews highlight not only the complexity that comes with the intersection, but also that persons with disabilities and forced migration experience, often with the help of organisations, nevertheless navigate the pathways and find employment.

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  • 15.
    Atkins, Hannah
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Healthy Enough to Enter?: Exploring the nexus of the body and the border through South African visa medical requirements2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visitors to South Africa wishing to stay in the country for longer than three months are required to submit a medical report which makes room for a host of physical and mental “defects”, including leprosy, venereal disease, trachoma, disabilities and mental health disorders ranging from addictions to epilepsy. The form appears to be an object that points to a multiplicity of interpretations as well as inconsistencies. It is a piece of paper encountered by several actors key to the immigration process – policy makers, visa applicants, doctors and lawyers – and through its use, showcases the tensions that exist between these sites. Furthermore, as a mandatory visa document, the medical form directs us to examine the relationship between the individual body and the exercise of state power.

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  • 16.
    Attaallah, Israa Maher
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Arabic-speaking Immigrant Parents´ Views on Heritage Language Maintenance and identity Construction for Children in Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how Levantine Arabic-speaking immigrant parents´ language ideologies, i.e how they think and feel regarding heritage language maintenance, and language policies influence heritage language maintenance or loss for their children. This overarching topic is explored by examining the following questions; (1) What do parents think about maintenance of heritage language for their children? and which concerns do they have? (2)How do they talk about and describe their children´s readiness or resistance to learn/maintain their heritage language? (3) What do parents believe their role is in maintaining heritage language? (4) In which way, according to parents, does maintenance of heritage language influence children´s construction of identity and sense of belonging? In order to answer these questions, I conducted five semi-structured interviews with five Levantine Arabic-speaking immigrant parents, from Palestine and Syria, residing in Sweden and analysed recurring themes using Braun´s and Clarke´s (2006: 87- 93) thematic analysis method. The study findings show that parents attached great significance to preserving their children's heritage language due to its close relationship with their cultural, religious, ethnic, and social backgrounds as well as strengthening their success opportunities in future. Furthermore, parents stated that their children did not resist maintenance of heritage language. Instead, results show that children were actively involved in discussions about heritage language maintenance and language practices. Parents confirmed that Arabic language is their children's heritage language. In relation to influence of heritage language maintenance on constructing children´s identity and sense of belonging, parents´ views varied between emphasizing its role in strengthening children´s sense of belonging to their Arabic background, allowing them a flexible ability to belong to two different cultures or communities, and that maintenance of heritage language is not the major influencer on constructing children identity. Participants discussed the methods they use to enhance Arabic language among their children, challenges they encounter, and potential solutions.

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  • 17.
    Attaallah, Israa Maher
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
    Understanding Parenting Challenges in a Migration Context: A qualitative study on Arabic‐speaking immigrant  parents´ experiences of raising their children while  integrating in Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Experiences of parenting in migration contexts undergo particular changes that develop various challenges. This qualitative study aims at exploring challenges and concerns of Arabic-speaking immigrant parents in Sweden regarding parenting while integrating into a migration context that differs from their own upbringing. Moreover, the study sheds light on how those challenges are negotiated. In order to answer my research questions, six parents, representing four families, were qualitatively interviewed and the collected data was thematically analysed. The results of this study show that Arabic-speaking immigrant parents face the following main challenges: ´acquisition of new knowledge about the host society´s language and culture´, ´balancing parents´ responsibilities inside and outside their houses´ and finally the ´lack of social network´. The results also emphasise that parenting challenges in migration contexts need intensified and productive cooperation between immigrant families and different parties in host societies to achieve the best interests of immigrant children and parents. Participants, in general, reflect an eagerness to implement their traditional parenting practices in ways that do not contradict to the standard parenting practices in the Swedish context. Finally, this study implies immigrant parents´ need to be recognised in host societies through respecting them and their children and considering their qualifications and the circumstances they have experienced before, during and after migration.

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    Israa Maher Attaalla-Understanding Parenting Challenges in a Migration Context
  • 18.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Between Tokenism and Self-Representation: Refugee-Led Advocacy and Inclusion in International Refugee Policy2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There have been increasing efforts at the international level to make migrants and refugees’ participation and inclusion in policy more meaningful. Yet, little is known on their perspectives about these possibilities and the outcomes of these efforts. Drawing on the case of one refugee-led initiative, the Network for Refugee Voice (NRV), in attending the drafting process of the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR), this paper describes the refugee-led advocacy approach to attaining meaningful participation and representation on high policy platforms, including the United Nations organizations. I examine NRV members’ experience of advocating for refugee inclusion against a background of recent international commitment to refugees’ meaningful participation. Based on interviews, my analysis identifies the achievements as self-evaluated by NRV members as well as the challenges they face while highlighting the obstacles and opportunities for a more inclusive international refugee policy.

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  • 19.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Kurdish guests or Syrian refugees? Identity, belonging and intra-ethnic displacement2020Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Kurdish Guests or Syrian Refugees?: Negotiating Displacement, Identity and Belonging in the Kurdistan Region2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the conflict ongoing in Syria since 2011, many Syrian Kurds have been forced to leave their homes to seek safety and security in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Their displacement to KRI is a distinctive experience of migration as it has happened within an intra-ethnic setting of Syrian Kurds, as refugees, encountering Iraqi Kurds, as hosts. Sharing ethnic identification and imagination of a historical homeland but holding different nationalities, has turned identity and belonging into sites of contestation between the refugees and the hosts. Within this intra-ethnic setting of displacement, the study has investigated the construction of home and politics of identity and belonging among the refugees in relation to protection regimes and forms of inclusion and exclusion. This has been done through a content analysis of relevant policy and regulations for refugees in KRI and Iraq and a thematic analysis of individual narrative interviews with the refugees themselves. Research results from the policy analysis have indicated the lack of a comprehensive protection regime in Iraq and KRI, and the deployment of the ‘guests’ rhetoric towards the refugees as a responsibility evasion mechanism. Results from the interviews have revealed that home for the participants is plural, and it connects to Syria and Kurdistan to varying degrees. Their identity as Kurds is contested when their Syrianness is evoked with boundaries limiting their recognition to be both Syrian and Kurdish. Similarly, their belonging is challenged with their social position as refugees and their legal belonging to Syria. With this, they get involved into a continuum of politics of identity and belonging ranging between the situational demonstration of their Syrian identity and the role of ‘the successful Syrian refugee’, and the accentuation of their attachment to Kurdishness through belonging to Rojava. These politics have been discussed as reflecting a process of reconstructing Syrian Kurdish identity in the light of the experience of displacement and the intra-ethnic encounter. Contextualizing the research results in a wider perspective, it is argued that they carry further implications related to the Kurdish struggle with identity and belonging, not only in KRI, but in all the other parts of Kurdistan. 

  • 21.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Towards a Stateless Standpoint Epistemology2021In: Statelessness and Citizenship Review, ISSN 2652-1814, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 113-119Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    McGee, Thomas
    Peter McMullin Centre on Statelessness, Melbourne Law School.
    Kurdes syriens : après l’exil, l’apatridie en Europe2021In: Plein droit, ISSN 0987-3260, Vol. 128, p. 15-18Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [fr]

    Des millions de Syriens ont demandé l’asile à l’étranger, d’abord dans les pays voisins puis en Europe occidentale. Parmi eux, de très nombreux Kurdes ont été rendus apatrides par l’État syrien. Confrontés à des systèmes d’asile européens peu au fait des questions d’apatridie, ils se heurtent à des difficultés parfois insurmontables pour faire reconnaître leur statut d’apatride, puis pour obtenir la naturalisation. Ces obstacles et cette impossibilité d’accéder à des solutions durables peuvent entraîner exclusion sociale et non-intégration au sein de la société d’accueil.

  • 23.
    Bajric, Azra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Att skapa en invandrare: Hjältar, offer och förbrytare2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på en analys av svenska tidningars skrivelser kring verksamheten Sharaf Hjältar, en verksamhet tillsatt av den feministiska organisationen Elektra. I denna studie visar jag på hur bland annat invandrare, kultur samt kvinnoförtryck som sker bland svenska invandrare gestaltas i svensk media. Fokus har legat på att visa hur media, genom att stereotypifiera och stigmatisera kulturer, beteenden och identiteter skapar en bild av invandrare i det svenska samhället. Studien visar hur invandrare framställs som bland annat en homogen grupp som fungerar i kollektiva former samt hur invandrare sätts i en stark motsatsbild till ”svenskar” och ”svenskhet”. I studien behandlas således även konstruktionen av ”vi” och ”dom”.

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  • 24. Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility. Introduction2023In: Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility / [ed] Martin Bak Jørgensen & Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Chicago: Haymarket , 2023, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25. Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    et al.
    Schierup, Carl-UlrikLinköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
     Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contending Global Apartheid: Transversal Solidarities and Politics of Possibility spells out a plea for utopia in a crisis-ridden 21st century of unequal development, exclusionary citizenship, and forced migrations. The volume offers a collection of critical essays on human rights movements, sanctuary spaces, and the emplacement of antiracist conviviality in cities across North and South America, Europe, and Africa. Each intervention proceeds from the idea that cities may accommodate both a humanistic sensibility and a radical potential for social transformation. The figure of the 'migrant' is pivotal. It expounds the prospect of transversal solidarity to capture a plurality of commonalities and to abjure dichotomies between in-group and out-group, the national and the international, or society and institutions. 

  • 26.
    Bak Jørgensen, Martin
    et al.
    DEMOS, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark.
    Schierup, Carl-Ulrik
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Transversal Solidarities and the City: An Introduction to the Special Issue2021In: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 845-855Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The special issue contributes to the exploration of transversal solidarities counterpoised to anexhausted neoliberalism on the one hand and a xenophobic populism on the other. It trackscontours of a multifarious countermovement, traversing ‘race’, class and gender, driven byreimaginings of the common and the renewal of democracy. The emphasis is on the understandingof contending urban justice movements, welcoming communities and their liaisons in a multiscale(local, national, transnational) perspective. A collection of theoretically informed papers discussescases from urban contexts of Europe and the United States, all riveted by schisms of class, ‘race’/ethnicity and gender, occupied by the ‘migration’ issue and challenged by contending movementsfor social cum environmental sustainability. Exploring examples of social movements and formsof mobilisation in different contexts, the overarching aim is to retrieve options for transversalsolidarities transcending identities while focusing on commonalities.

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    Special Issue: Transversal Solidarities and the City
  • 27.
    Barbarich, Chloe
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society.
    Social Capital Theory and Highly-Skilled Female Migrants in the Swedish Workplace: A Qualitative Analysis2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden continues to prioritise highly-skilled migration while restricting low-skilled migration, idealising the highly-skilled migrant as being easier to integrate into the labour market and into Swedish society at large. This project answers to these assumptions by investigating the lived experiences of highly-skilled female migrants in Sweden through the lens of social capital theory. Through qualitative analysis, this project aims to determine what barriers or privileges exist for the subject-group when accessing and utilising social capital, focusing on the aspects of social networking and relationship building. 

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    fulltext
  • 28.
    Baykara-Krumme, Helen
    et al.
    Technischen Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Deutschland.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Schimany, Peter
    Universität Passau, Passau, Deutschland.
    Viele Welten des Alterns? Ältere Migranten im alternden Deutschland2012 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    In der Alternsforschung wurden Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund bisher weitgehend ausgeblendet und in der Migrationsforschung fanden ältere Menschen kaum Beachtung. Angesichts des zunehmenden Anteils Älterer in der Migrantenbevölkerung wird eine Verknüpfung der beiden Forschungszweige aber immer wichtiger. Das vorliegende Buch widmet sich der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Altern unter Migrationsbedingungen und der Lebensqualität älterer Migrantinnen und Migranten. Auf der Basis theoretischer Reflexionen, empirischer Befunde und politischer Überlegungen bietet der vorliegende Band erstmals einen fundierten Überblick über den aktuellen Kenntnis- und Diskussionsstand im Schnittfeld der beiden Forschungsgebiete.

    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 29.
    Baykara-Krumme, Helen
    et al.
    Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Deutschland.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    German Centre of Gerontology, Berlin.
    Schimany, Peter
    Universität Passau, Passau, Deutschland.
    Viele Welten des Alterns?: Ältere Migrantinnen und Migranten in der Alter(n)s- und Migrationsforschung. Eine Einführung2012In: Viele Welten des Alterns?: Ältere Migranten im alternden Deutschland / [ed] Helen Baykara-Krumme, Andreas Motel-Klingebiel and Peter Schimany, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften , 2012, p. 11-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Bedeutung und Bedingungen des Alterns haben sich in den westlichen Industrieländern in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten stark gewandelt. Altern als Veränderung über den Lebensverlauf und Altern als Lebensphase sind vielfältiger geworden. Zu dieser wachsenden Heterogenität trägt auch die Zunahme von Älteren mit Migrationshintergrund bei. Während in Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit die Aufmerksamkeit für die Vielfalt der Wege in die Lebensphase Alter und die Verschiedenartigkeit der Lebenssituationen älterer Menschen in den vergangenen Jahren merklich zugenommen hat, rücken ältere Migrantinnen und Migranten bisher noch selten ins Zentrum des Interesses. Sie werden zwar aufgrund steigender Zahlen und Bevölkerungsanteile zunehmend wahrgenommen. Das Forschungsfeld ‚Ältere Migranten‘ im Schnittpunkt von Alter(n)s- und Migrationsforschung kann jedoch noch nicht als etabliert gelten – weder in Deutschland, noch in anderen europäischen Ländern, die eine ähnliche demografische Entwicklung erleben.

  • 30.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market2008In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 411-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the probability of success for different methods of finding employment in the Swedish labour market, in times of both economic growth and decline. Existing West European studies on hiring processes have not allowed researchers to examine the relationship between job contacts and wage income among various groups of immigrants. Since our dataset is sufficiently large, this article examines job-finding strategies and labour market outcomes for individuals within two large groups, immigrants and natives. By studying those who have been in their current jobs for one year or less, the paper investigates to what extent both natives and immigrants use their social networks to find a job, and how informal job-finding methods are related to the rate of return in the Swedish labour market for the job secured, in terms of hourly wage. The findings show that immigrants, compared to natives, are less likely to be able to find jobs through informal methods and that jobs found through informal methods do not pay as well for immigrants as for natives.

  • 31.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden2007In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 383-407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of social capital in the status attainment process and examines the link between the hiring process and the potential pool of social capital embedded in a person's network. The analysis is based on a sample of people newly employed by the municipal services in Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. Jobs in this sector of labour market are mainly low-paid, and are dominated by women and immigrants. The position generator method is used to measure social capital, understood as assets captured by individuals in social networks. The findings demonstrate that access to social capital is positively related to work experience, a higher educational level, having a partner, and active membership of voluntary associations. It is also apparent that being an immigrant is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. Regarding the return on capital, the results show that both human capital and social capital were rewarded with higher wages and more adequate jobs. Furthermore, we found that social capital is associated with better labour market outcomes, whether or not respondents reported that they obtained their current jobs using informal job-search methods. Results also show similar returns on access to social capital for natives and immigrants.

  • 32. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unequal Opportunities: The Impact of Social Capital and Recruitment Methods on Immigrants and Their Children in the Swedish Labour Market2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of an introduction and three self-contained studies on the impact of social capital on individuals’ labour market outcomes. It focuses on labour market conditions for immigrants and their children in Sweden. The central research questions of the thesis are twofold. First, what individual characteristics, such as educational level, gender and country of origin, enhance or hinder access to social capital, and how well is social capital rewarded in the labour market compared with education and work experience? Second, does the stigmatized social identity of some immigrant groups affect their access to social capital, and to what degree does such a social capital ‘deficit’ affect their labour market outcomes? The results demonstrate that inequality between immigrants (and their children) and natives (and their children) in access to networks with valuable resources of social capital is an important issue in their labour market outcomes.

    List of papers
    1. Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market
    2004 (English)In: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 633-660Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. This paper investigates labour-market performance for 'young people with immigrant backgrounds' and those 'born in Sweden with native-born parents' in the Swedish labour market. It focuses on young people who were aged 18–20 during 1990, and their labour-market status after 8 years, in 1998. The results indicate that young people of immigrant descent have lower annual wage income and are at higher risk of not being employed than those born in Sweden with native-born parents. Differences in human capital characteristics cannot explain these results. Other theories, which stress the effect of discriminatory behaviour and the power of social network composition, are discussed as alternative interpretations. Having one native-born parent is considered to be important to labour market success. However, having a native-born father rather than a native-born mother is associated with better labour-market achievement.

    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14146 (URN)10.1111/j.1121-7081.2004.00281.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved
    2. Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market
    2008 (English)In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 411-430Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the probability of success for different methods of finding employment in the Swedish labour market, in times of both economic growth and decline. Existing West European studies on hiring processes have not allowed researchers to examine the relationship between job contacts and wage income among various groups of immigrants. Since our dataset is sufficiently large, this article examines job-finding strategies and labour market outcomes for individuals within two large groups, immigrants and natives. By studying those who have been in their current jobs for one year or less, the paper investigates to what extent both natives and immigrants use their social networks to find a job, and how informal job-finding methods are related to the rate of return in the Swedish labour market for the job secured, in terms of hourly wage. The findings show that immigrants, compared to natives, are less likely to be able to find jobs through informal methods and that jobs found through informal methods do not pay as well for immigrants as for natives.

    Keywords
    Job-Finding Methods; Social Networks; Immigrants; Swedish Labour Market
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14147 (URN)10.1080/13691830701880251 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved
    3. The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden
    2007 (English)In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 383-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of social capital in the status attainment process and examines the link between the hiring process and the potential pool of social capital embedded in a person's network. The analysis is based on a sample of people newly employed by the municipal services in Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. Jobs in this sector of labour market are mainly low-paid, and are dominated by women and immigrants. The position generator method is used to measure social capital, understood as assets captured by individuals in social networks. The findings demonstrate that access to social capital is positively related to work experience, a higher educational level, having a partner, and active membership of voluntary associations. It is also apparent that being an immigrant is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. Regarding the return on capital, the results show that both human capital and social capital were rewarded with higher wages and more adequate jobs. Furthermore, we found that social capital is associated with better labour market outcomes, whether or not respondents reported that they obtained their current jobs using informal job-search methods. Results also show similar returns on access to social capital for natives and immigrants.

    Keywords
    social capital, hiring process, immigrants
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14148 (URN)10.1080/14616690701314093 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved
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  • 33.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    School of Social Sciences, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Boreus, Kristina
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    School of Culture and Education, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Why are care workers from the global south disadvantaged? Inequality and discrimination in Swedish elderly care work2020In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 43, no 16, p. 155-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using quantitative and qualitative methods, this study investigates inequalities in occupational status and wages between native-born and foreign-born employees in elderly care institutions in Sweden. It finds that employees from Africa, Asia and Latin America - the "Global South" - are disadvantaged in both respects. Combinatory explanations of the inequalities are needed. The shorter work experience of foreign-born workers in the care sector plus the lesser value given to educational credentials obtained outside Sweden are among the factors related to human capital theory. Access to less-valuable resources in the workplace social networks of foreign-born employees is related to social capital theory. The processes that result in exclusion from powerful social networks, in turn, are found to be affected by discrimination in the workplace.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialised employees in the Swedish elderly care sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 954-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården

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    fulltext
  • 35.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Department of Social Sciences, Södertörn University, Sweden / Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm, University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    León Rosales, René
    Mångkulturellt Centrum, Botkyrka, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden: The Otherization of the Descendants of Immigrants2019In: The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education / [ed] Peter Stevens and A. Gary Dworkin, Cham: Palgrave MacMillan , 2019, 2, p. 999-1034Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter offers a systematic review of the literature on educational inequality and school attainments of immigrants’ offspring in Sweden. The review covers research conducted between 1990 and 2015 and critically examines how different research traditions explain this inequality. The chapter begins by mapping the key characteristics of the Swedish educational system together with Swedish immigration patterns. Thereafter, five major research traditions that explain educational inequality and ethnic background in Sweden are presented. These perspectives include (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and discrimination; (3) language proficiency tradition; (4) school choice and school segregation; and (5) cultural and social capital and socio-historical contexts. The ‘political arithmetic’ tradition, which starts mainly from a positivistic approach and employs large-scale, quantitative research strategies, has focused on the individual and demographic characteristics of pupils. The main assumption of the other research clusters is that there are important contextual circumstances (beyond individual factors) which decisively affect the educational achievements of the descendants of immigrants. While often dominated by qualitative approaches, these types of research do sometimes include quantitatively designed studies. These research traditions take a more critical stance on government policies, which have produced an extremely segregated school system, and show the consequences of a concentration of children of families from vulnerable groups (economically disadvantaged and immigrant groups in marginalized neighborhoods) in schools with limited resources.

  • 36.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola och Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hertzberg, FredrikInstitutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.Neergaard, AndersLinköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter - Deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser.2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter studeras fritidsaktiviteter och dess betydelse för ungdomar. Vilka är engagerade i fritidsaktiviteter och vilka är det inte? Förstärker aktiviteterna skillnader mellan unga med olika klassbakgrund, etnicitet eller kön, eller kan de bidra till en positiv utveckling för unga från resurssvaga familjer? Forskningen om fritidsaktiviteter är ett växande fält inom pedagogik, psykologi, socialt arbete och sociologi. Boken vänder sig till studenter i dessa ämnen och till lärare, fritidspedagoger, studie- och yrkesvägledare samt övriga som arbetar med ungdomar och ungdomsfrågor - praktiskt och i forskning.

  • 37.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social capital, status and income attainment in the workplace2012In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 32, no 1/2, p. 42-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of social capital in the workplace. To be more precise, we ask whether access to social capital is associated with differences in the wages and status of employees within the organization.

    Design/methodology/approach - We used data from a case study of the status attainment of employees in a Swedish industrial firm.

    Findings - Results demonstrate that: (a) the socioeconomic background, gender and "migrant backgrounds" of employees have an impact on their access to resource-rich networks; and (b) there is a positive association between access to social capital and position in the organization, even after control for employees’ education and labor market experience.

    Research limitations/implications - The case study approach of the paper has its own characteristic limitations. At the same time the cross-sectional data open up the possibility of reverse causality. The analysis includes only individuals who were still working, while we know from the fieldwork that some former employees have taken early retirement or disability pensions due to occupational injury.

    Originality/value - The focus of the paper is on the process of status attainment of subordinate groups (individuals from lower socioeconomic groups, individuals with stigmatized migrant backgrounds, and women), which is an under-researched issue in organizational studies. Therefore, we ask whether the subordinate status of employees has an impact on their access to social capital in the place of work.

  • 38.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Ungdomar, socialt kapital och stratifiering2014In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2014, 2, p. 233-260Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Berggren, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Absurt försvar för rasister2017In: Ska man tala med nazister?: debatten kring Bokmässan och Nya Tider / [ed] Mikael Löfgren, Göteborg: Nätverkstan Kultur , 2017, Vol. Sidorna 245-247, p. 245-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Berggren, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Representation, Victimization or Identification. Negotiating Power and Powerlessness in Art on Migration2019In: Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge, ISSN 2499-930X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 113-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A commonplace idea, and worry, in much political art is the emphasis on how not to victimize the object/subject in artistic strategies, and the importance of portraying people as subjects with agency. The way to do this is it is often suggestedm is to allow for identification. This article asks if this strong idea might be shaped by an ameliorating guilt about victims, which in turn is partially informed by an inability to free the gaze from a hegemonic view of people as agents. Instead, the article looks at some contemporary artists who open for an opposite recognition, the radical lack of power for large groups within the global migration system, without attempts at temporary symbolic solutions. It will be argued that the recognition of powerlessness is and has always been a ground for political as well as artistic representation, mobilisation and solidarity.

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  • 41.
    Berggren, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Högerpopulism – mellan populism och högerextremism?2013In: Migrationens och etnicitetens epok: Kritiska perspektiv i etnicitets- och migrationsstudier / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Liber , 2013, 1, p. 199-229Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Migrationens och etnicitetens epok introducerar en rad begrepp som kan användas för att fördjupa förståelsen av en mängd fenomen och företeelser i samtiden, som på olika sätt kan länkas till frågor om migration och etnicitet. De begrepp som boken introducerar är etnicitet, migration, diaspora, medborgarskap, intersektionalitet, rasism, högerpopulism, social exkludering och informalisering.Bokens ämnesmässiga spännvidd gör den till viktig läsning för studenter och forskare inom en rad ämnen och utbildningar - såsom sociologi, statsvetenskap, socionom- och lärarutbildning.

  • 42.
    Berggren, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Populism: protest, democratic challenge and right-wing extremism2015In: International migration and ethnic relations: critical perspectives / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Anders Neergaard, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 169-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Bergmark, Beatrice
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    The Vagabond Experience: A study of a Swedish travel narrative2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Vagabond experience - A study of a Swedish travel narrative, analyses cultural representations of travel destinations, in the context of the Swedish travel magazine Vagabond. Particular focus is made on how discourses about ‘the other’ are presented, especially in relation to the concepts Modernity, Time, Authenticity and Happiness. The theoretical framework consists of Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe’s Discourse Theory, post-colonial theories, theories on neo-racism, authenticity within the tourism spectra and affective theory on happiness.

    The thesis concludes that the four concepts Modernity, Time, Authenticity and Happiness(which are used as nodal-points) are complex and functions differently depending on the context. The words are more often resulting in a perception of differences rather thansimilarities between locals and tourists, either in how the nodal points are connected to each other, or the comparison the narrator makes out of them regarding the ‘self’ and the ‘other’.

  • 44.
    Biela, Joachim
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Between logics of attractivity and migration management: Third-country national students’ application process to Sweden's Higher Education Institutions2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a context where Higher Education Institutions increasingly seek to attract students, this study follows the path of third country national students through their application process. Their particular status, situates them at the intersection between openness and closure. Between internationalization strategies that seek to attract them, and migration management policies that sometimes facilitate, sometimes restrain their movement. In a qualitative approach, it explores the application process’ different steps to Sweden's Higher Education Institutions. It uses Foucault’s governmentality, de Certeau’s strategies and tactics, along with Bourdieu’s understanding of capital, to analyze data issued from nine semi-structured interviews with third country national students, studying or recently graduate from Linköping’s University. Departing from students’ narratives on their application process to Sweden’s Higher Education Institutions, this study unravels the complex links between internationalization strategies and migration management, and how their disciplining effects appear throughout the application process.

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  • 45.
    Bjurström, Erling
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Det moderna smakspelet: Tid, smak, mode2016 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot slutet av 1600-talet växte det fram ett nytt modernt sätt att se på och förhålla sig till smak. Detta är författarens utgångspunkt för förståelsen av det moderna smakspelet, vars utveckling och omvandlingar följs upp från 1700-talet fram till nutiden. Smaken analyseras från denna utgångspunkt som ett spel, vars föränderliga regler kartläggs och ställs i relation till det mänskliga omdömet och förståelsen av mänsklig praxis. Boken består av tre delar, en inledande essä kring tid, rytm och estetik, en omfattande mittdel där smakspelet dissekeras ur en rad olika infallsvinklar och en avslutande essä där en unik händelse i modets historia analyseras: när hattmodet gick i graven som mass- och konfektionsmode på 1960-talet. 

  • 46.
    Blanz, Franziska
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO).
    Solidarity research with Xochicuicatl e.V.: Exploring the dynamics between the organization its beneficiaries and the overall migrant group2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project is an act of solidarity research with the Berlin based Latin American women’s organization Xochicuicatl. Along the idea that research should be based on the interests and needs of oppressed groups, the research design was developed in cooperation with the organization. The study centers on migration movements between Latin America and the Caribbean and Germany. Moreover, it investigates the dynamics of inner-outer interplay between the organization the beneficiaries and the overall migrant group. The main method isa qualitative content analysis of documents out of the organization’s archive. The organization’s response to transformations is thereby analyzed through action within invited (coping) and invented (resistance) spaces of citizenship. In this regard, the organization’s space is understoodas a subaltern counterpublic which enables a connection between coping and resistance.

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    LIU-IKOSEMS-A--2014--SE Franziska Blanz
  • 47.
    Bojanić, Sanja
    et al.
    Academy of Applied Arts, University of Rijeka, Croatia.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Sauer, Birgit
    Political Science, University of Vienna, Austria.
    Challenging cultures of rejection2022In: Patterns of Prejudice, ISSN 0031-322X, E-ISSN 1461-7331, Vol. 56, no 4-5, p. 315-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, Bojanic, Jonsson, Neergaard and Sauer present a synthetic overview of the five country cases included in the special issue that analyse the emergence of cultures of rejection since 2015. In general, they discuss the conceptual framework of ‘Cultures of Rejection’, elaborated throughout the issue as a more encompassing approach that is sensitive to the values, norms and affects that underlie different or similar patterns of exclusion and rejection in different contexts. These cultures are located in the everyday lives of people. The article, therefore, first identifies contexts, objects of rejection­—often migrants and racialized Others, but also ‘the political’ or state institutions—narratives and components of cultures of rejection that we label reflexivity, affect, nostalgia and moralistic judgement. The contrasting reading of the five cases shows that people struggle for agency under precarious and insecure conditions, and fight against imagined enemies. As Bojanić, Jonsson, Neergaard and Sauer conclude, cultures of rejection mirror ongoing processes of neoliberal dispossession, authoritarization and depolitization that culminate in a wish for agency and resovereignization. Second, and based on this overview, trends in cultures of rejection are detected against different national contexts as well as against common trends of social and economic transformations and crises, such as, for instance, the COVID-19 pandemic. This results, finally, in a discussion of ways of challenging the cultures of rejection towards more democratic and solidaristic societies. One starting point might be the ‘re-embedding’ of the economy in society, that is, a more equal distribution of resources and future perspectives.

  • 48.
    Boochani, Behrouz
    et al.
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Tazreiter, Claudia
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Notes on exile: Behrouz Boochani in conversation with Claudia Tazreiter2019In: Australian Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1323-238X, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 370-375Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49. Boochani, Behrouz
    et al.
    Tazreiter, Claudia
    University of New South Wales, Australia.
    Tofighian, Omid
    University of New South Wales, Australia.
    The multiple faces of the people smuggler2021In: Smuggled: An illegal history of journeys to Australia / [ed] Ruth Balint, Julie Kalman, Sydney: NewSouth Publishing , 2021, p. 176-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Behtoui, Reza
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörns högskola.
    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården2016In: Makt och inflytande i arbetslivet / [ed] Margaretha Holmqvist, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2016, p. 240-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
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