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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Daysury
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Colombianer på bioduken: Representationen av tre Hollywoodproducerade actionfilmer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis was to analyse three action films; Collateral Damage from 2002; Clear and Present Danger from 1994; and Scarface from 1983, in order to see how Colombians are represented in these movies.The action genre comprises of different stereotypes where the hero and the villain are represented in conjunction to each other. The analysis is about the way the films content and form are used to uphold the representation of Colombians, but also the villain and the hero more generally.

    Critical Discourse Analysis was used, as main method, and the concepts of denotation and connotation guided the analysis. . The main conclusion is that the three movies reproduced an already established collective stereotype of Latin Americans, stereotype that includes both Colombia and Colombians.

  • 2.
    Adborn, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Lärares yrkesetik.: En litteraturstudie.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur läraretik definieras, motiveras och förvärvas enligt yrkesetisk litteratur för lärare och lärarstudenter. Förhoppningen är att undersökningen ska bidra till att ge kunskap om den etiska dimensionen i lärares arbete och om den kompetens lärare behöver för att kunna hantera etiska konflikter i skolans vardag.

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ textanalys av tre böcker om yrkesetik som används på lärarprogrammen i Sverige. Böckerna är:

    • Läraren i etikens motljus av Trygve Bergem, professor i pedagogik.

    • Lärares yrkesetik av Roger Fjellström, docent i praktisk filosofi.

    • Den värdefulla praktiken av Kennert Orlenius, fil.dr. i pedagogik och Airi Bigsten, förskollärare och

      doktorand i pedagogik.

      Böckerna analyseras utifrån följande frågor:

    • Varför finns det yrkesetik för lärare?

    • Vad innefattar lärares yrkesetik?

    • För vem är yrkesetiken bra?

    • Hur förvärvas/utvecklas yrkesetiken?

      Undersökningen visar att:

      • Skolan består av en etisk/moralisk dimension inför vilken läraren behöver god

        handlingsberedskap.

      • Introduktionen av yrkesetik bör ske under lärarutbildningen, vilket ökar möjligheten för läraren att

        tidigt utveckla sin etiska kompetens.

      • Yrkesetiken är viktig för att yrket skall ses som en profession. 

  • 3.
    Adelmann, Kent
    Lärarutbildningen, Malmö högskola.
    Sjunde nationella konferensen i Svenska med didaktisk inriktning, Malmö 18-20 november 2009: Att bygga broar –kulturella, språkliga och mediala möten2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här konferensen pekar på en enastående utveckling och utvecklingspotential för SMDI. Svenska med didaktisk inriktning kan numera betraktas som ett etablerat forskningsområde och har ett nära samarbete med motsvarande systerorganisationer i Danmark (Netværk for forskning i dansk-fagenes didaktik, DaDi) och Norge (Nettverk for norskdidaktisk forskning, NNDF). Konferensen i Malmö samlade 174 deltagare från de nordiska länderna och innehöll fyra plenarföredrag samt 49 sektionsföredrag, vilket visar både styrka och bredd.

    De 15 bidrag som presenteras i den här forskningsrapporten omfattar de fyra plenarföreläsningarna (av Jens Elmelund Kjeldsen, Caroline Liberg, Kathleen McCormick och Jon Smidt) samt elva av sektionsföredragen. Texterna handlar om många olika slags möten. Det kan gälla kulturella möten i det heterogena klassrummet (McCormick) eller i de nordiska kursplanernas språk- och litteraturundervisning (Hägerfelth & Skarstein). Och det kan gälla språkliga möten med lyssningens ABC (Adelmann) eller med postmoderna läromedel mellan tradition och fönyelse (Dahl). Eller mediala möten med de mediekulturella förändringarnas konsekvenser för läsreceptionen (Elmfeldt & Persson). Men även krockar, mellan mediering via PowerPoint eller retorik (Kjeldsen).

    Här finns svenskämnets territoriella utbredning i mötet med den moderna ungdomsskolan (Martinsson). Och här finns de lärarstuderandes möte med skolverkligheten (Östlundh) och elevernas möte med nationella prov i årskurs 3 (Borgström & Yassin). Eller lärarens möte med olika  skrivutvecklingsperspektiv på yrkesinrikade gymnasieprogram (Westman), seriernas potential i svenskundervisningen (Mehrstam) eller olika didaktiska läsarter (Bringéus). Och här byggs det broar mellan modersmålsskrivande och skrivande i alla andra ämnen (Smidt), och mellan en språkbaserad ämnesundervisning och en ämnesbaserad språkundervisning (Liberg). Men det varnas också för faran med bro-metaforen, som kan konstruera kulturella olikheter istället för att konstruera mening som bygger på våra likheter (Penne).

  • 4.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Economou, Konstantin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forstorp, Per-Anders
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Samtal i samhället: på vems villkor1997In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 1, p. 38-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det offentliga samtalets dynamik och förändring står i blickpunkten för projektet Samtal i samhället. På vems villkor? Forfattarnas intresse är att med dialogteoretiska och samtalsanalytiska begrepp och metoder studera dynamiken inom och mellan olika offentliga arenor. Delprojekten inriktar sig på diskurser där frågor om ansvar, säkerhet och risk, moral och politik står i fokus. Artikeln avslutas med en jämförelse mellan retorik och kommunikationsforskning.

  • 5.
    Adibi Dahaj, Marjan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Analyzing Learners' Language Awareness in Written Production: Product-Oriented vs. Process-Oriented Approaches2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Writing is one of the four skills that students learning a foreign language are supposed to acquire, and writing often has an important role in the language classroom. Furthermore, in the field of cultural and arts education, a process-oriented approach is considered essential for learning. However, even though we see an increased interest in emphasizing the writing process, in reality, what is often commented, discussed and graded is the final outcome - the product. Consequently, features of the writing process, like fluency, revisions, and pauses, are not considered. This thesis explores what information about the writing process might add to the picture. In this manner, the current study investigates the writing process of advanced Swedish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners through keystroke logging programme.

    With the increased use of word processing tools, and not least with the development of keystroke logging tools, we now have the possibility to take also the details of the writing process into account. As Spelman Miller and Sullivan (2006:1) point out,

    “[a]s an observational tool, keystroke logging offers the opportunity to capture details of the activity of writing, not only for the purposes of the linguistic, textual and cognitive study of writing, but also for the broader applications concerning the development of language learning, literacy, and language pedagogy”.

    In the present study, a keystroke logging programme named Inputlog has been used, which allows researchers to get a better understanding of writing processes as well as cognitive processes during writing (Lindgren & Sullivan, 2002).

  • 6.
    Adler Johannesson, AnnHelen
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Att lära med många sinnen: Pedagogers erfarenheter av att arbeta med elever i gymnasiesärskolan2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of my paper is to examine the experiences of teachers using a multi-sensory teaching approach when working with pupils with learning disabilities in upper secondary school. How can they create a creative learning environment for their students? Do they use any multisensory teaching methods and, if so, how? My methodology has mainly consisted in participating observation and semi-structured interviews in an ethnographic study. Analysis has shown that the significance of a successful educational effort with these young people at upper secondary school can be seen as a good practice, in which phenomena such as individual objectives, experience, interest, participation, multi-sensory learning, experiential learning, visualization and learning from each other, are central and essential elements. My view is that the teachers try to vary their learning environments and that they are using different multi-sensory teaching methods. All the day-to-day schoolwork is set-up in different theme modules, where teaching takes place both indoors and outdoors in wilderness and cultivated landscapes. For further research, it might be interesting to find out if the lessons learned from one learning environment can be transferred to another, and if the social experiences and lessons learned in multi-sensory environments will be transferred to the young people’s everyday home life or to their schoolwork, in general.

  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Gundula
    Stockholm.
    Förmedlingsforskning: hot eller nödvändighet?1988In: Kronos : historia i skola och samhälle, ISSN 1100-1208, no 2, p. 63-66Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Olika vetenskaper har olika sätt och möjligheter att föra ut sina forskningsresultat. I några fall, exempelvis i filosofin eller i högre matematik kan möjligheterna vara obefintliga. Dessa ämnen kännetecknas av en forskning på hög abstraktionsnivå och frånvaron av källmaterial. Kunskaper av denna typ blir givetvis svåra att föra ut till en bredare allmänhet. Bland de humanistiska vetenskaperna finns det sådana med ett konkret källmaterial, exempelvis litteraturvetenskap, konstvetenskap, etnologi, arkeologi eller historia. Källmaterialet i dessa ämnen är forskningens underlag, men också en slags allmängods; oavsett vad vetenskapsmannen tycker kan vi bilda oss en egen uppfattning om en Picassotavla, en Strindbergpjäs eller ett svärd från vikingatiden. Dessa vetenskaper - med sitt mycket konkreta källmaterial - bidrar till att konstituera historieuppfattningar och kulturella normer i samhället.

  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Orthopaedics in Linköping.
    Fractures of the Distal Humerus: Total Elbow Arthroplasty (Hemi-Arthroplasty)2014In: European Surgical Orthopaedics and Traumatology / [ed] George Bentley, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, 3, p. 1407-1422Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This important reference textbook covers the surgical management of all major orthopaedic and traumatological conditions. The book will act as the major source of education and guidance in surgical practice for surgeons and trainees, especially those preparing for higher surgical examinations and the Board of Orthopaedics and Traumatology examinations within and beyond Europe. The emphasis throughout is on the application of current knowledge and research to technical problems, how to avoid operative problems, and how to salvage complications if they occur. The didactic text is complemented by abundant illustrations that highlight the essentials of each clinical scenario. The authors are all recognized international authorities active at congresses and workshops as well as in universities and hospitals across the world. ​

  • 9.
    af Malmborg, Solith
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Malmstens Linköping University.
    Research: ROTHKO: - ett arbete om att lära känna sig själv genom någon annan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis project examines both inner and outer circumstances of knowledge in an attempt to emphasize the importance of personal reflection. I search for answers on how to communicate feelings through colour and form by studying Mark Rothko and the abstract expressionism. A personal reflection is made parallelly to expand my own understanding of the subject and my own role in relation to it. I also explore painting as amethod of deepening my understanding of Rothko.

    Mark Rothko is both subject of study and tutor as I give myself the task of translating his art into my own design.

    The result offers thoughts and ideas on the significance of the work of hand, the use of colour and the meaning of intention, which I claim are important aspects when aiming for emotional results. However I also reflect upon the fact that the communication remains individual and that it is therefore problematic to confirm success in this matter.

  • 10.
    Afram, Eliane
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    La percepción de métodos didácticos en la enseñanza del español comolengua extranjera: Análisis cualitativo sobre la percepción de los alumnos de los métodos gramática- traducción,método situacional y método comunicativo2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Nuestra tesina trata de indagar en cómo piensan los alumnos de bachillerato sobre los métodos didácticos elegidos para aprender una lengua extranjera. El objetivo de esta tesina es investigar tres métodos didácticos; método gramática- traducción, método situacional y método comunicativo, comprobar si los estudiantes los utilizan, y cuál les resulta más útil y por qué. Hemos investigado qué opinan los alumnos con la ayuda del método cualitativo a través de entrevistas cualitativas. Podemos decir que los alumnos utilizan los métodos hasta cierto punto en su enseñanza. Piensan que todos los métodos tienen sus aspectos positivos y negativos. Los aspectos positivos y negativos están repartidos de manera igual entre los métodos didácticos.

  • 11.
    Afram, Eliane
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Ordinlärning i främmande språk: En forskningsöversikt om effekten av implicita och explicita metoder.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När man lär sig ett nytt språk så är det ytterst viktigt att kunna ha ett brett och varierat ordförråd. Elever somstuderar engelska som andraspråk eller främmandespråk, eller ett annat modern språk, ställs alltid inför kravet attexpandera sitt ordförråd. Uppsatsen ämnar ge en mer allmän klarhet och bringa förståelse för ordinlärningsprocessenoch dessutom undersöka vilken metod, implicit eller explicit, som leder till ett ökat ordförråd. En systematiskforskningsöversikt genomfördes, och totalt ingick 10 empiriska artiklar som analyserades och kategoriseradessystematiskt. Resultatet visade på en variation gällande studiernas slutsatser på viken metod som är effektivast.Däremot visar resultatet klart och tydligt vikten av att inkludera explicit metod i undervisningen för att effektiviseraordinlärningen speciellt vid läsning.

  • 12.
    Afzali, Parichehr
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Globalization Now and Later. A Study of Interactive Argumentation among EFL Learners2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People usually commence an argument in hope for persuading the other party. These arguments can be a part of their job or personal life, which may influence the life of people around them or sometimes in case of a political debate, can affect lives of millions of people. The situation can get more challenging if the argument is produced in a language other than someone's mother tongue and in this respect, language proficiency can be of great value to them. One of the most important goals of language teaching classes is to teach the students of foreign languages how to develop information processes in order to express themselves. In the present study, the performance of seven students who study English in a private language school in Iran, is analyzed in a debate on 'globalization'. These Farsi speaking learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) used some collaborative and individual strategies in the process of interactive argumentation. It can be said that this debate met the requirements of a 'pro et contra' (for and against) argument mentioned by Naess (2005). The views that are in favor of the debate's subject are mentioned as well as the views against it. It does not seem to have a conclusion and the views were not weighed against each other, they were merely introduced and both sides were indicated. This mainly took place due to of lack of time to consider all the aspects of the arguments. Therefore, it can be maintained that the result of this argumentation was 'globalization now and later'. According to Hirsch's 'minimal model of ideal interactive argumentation', this may seem to be a terrible situation, but in fact it is "a very realistic assumption to make about argumentation as an on-going interactive enterprise" (1987: 440).

  • 13.
    Afzali, Parichehr
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Marking Definiteness in Farsi and English by Farsi Speaking EFL Learners2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in marking definiteness among various languages have been considered one of the most confusing areas for speakers of different languages. As a teacher of EFL to Farsi speakers, I have frequently noticed that the students face problems when it comes to marking a definite or indefinite noun in English. One of the main objectives of the present study is to shed light on the trouble sources in practice of the use of articles in English among the subjects of my study. Farsi as a language which has two distinct registers of spoken and written forms with 9 various forms of definite/indefinite markers is different from English with 4 definite/indefinite markers. Students who speak some languages that lack these articles (such as Japanese), or probably do not have the one-to-one correspondence with definite marking system in English (such as Farsi), tend to face problems while using them in English.

    It is believed that Farsi marks noun phrases for specificity/non-specificity rather than definiteness/indefiniteness, while English marks nouns for definiteness/indefiniteness. The present study shows interesting instances of the choices of article that Farsi native speakers make when it comes to marking definiteness in English. Definiteness is mostly marked by a bare noun, indefiniteness is marked by the numeral 'yek' (pre-positioned) or ye (pre-positioned) or suffix '-i' (i.e. one —post-positioned) and specificity can apply to both definite and indefinite NPs.

  • 14.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Critical Comment on Collste2011In: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 203-205Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article claims that the account of specification as a way to solve conflicts between rights, suggested by Göran Collste, is unsatisfactory. It is argued that specification is not a solution on its own, but is better described as a remedy in response to a political failure.

  • 15.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Secular State?2010In: Identity and pluralism : ethnicity, religion and values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: LiU-Tryckk , 2010, p. 80-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Lunds universitet.
    Bör den liberala staten privilegiera religion i samhället?2013In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 1-21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det anses ofta att en liberal stat måste förhålla sig neutral till religiösa element i samhället. Att bryta mot neutralitetskravet och därmed privilegiera religiösa element i samhället är uteslutet, hävdas det, eftersom ett sådant privilegierande skulle innebära att man medvetet gynnar en grupp uppfattningar om det goda livet – vilket skulle vara synnerligen icke-liberalt.

    I den här artikeln ifrågasätts det neutralitetskrav som åläggs den liberala staten. Istället försvaras idén att en liberal stat i vissa fall kan ha en prima facie skyldighet att privilegiera vissa religiösa element i samhället. I artikeln presenteras tre villkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att ett avsteg från neutralitetskravet ska vara rättfärdigat.

    Efter en kortare diskussion om den relevanta empiriska forskningen konkluderas att en liberal stat i vissa fall är berättigad att privilegiera religiösa element i samhället utan att därmed kompromissa med sin liberala status.

  • 17.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduktion2013In: Varför inte Socialism? och Om den egalitära rättvisans valuta / [ed] G. A. Cohen, Daidalos, 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Justice among Us: A Philosophical Analysis of Michael Walzer’s Theory of Justice2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The American philosopher Michael Walzer has been regarded as one of the most influential theorists in the field of distributive justice since the publication of Spheres of Justice in 1983. However, despite the popularity, his theory is often misunderstood or said to suffer from serious shortcomings.

    The aim of the dissertation is to present and defend a clearer and stronger version of Walzer’s theory of distributive justice. After a brief sketch of Walzer’s early works, in which important concepts were introduced and developed, the mature theory is analysed. By subjecting the key areas of Walzer’s theory to a critical and reconstructive philosophical analysis, a stronger and more detailed account is gained. Important ideas and concepts such as community, consent, interpretation, social meanings, complex equality and minimal morality are discussed, criticised and revised in order to strengthen the theory. In addition, a comparison is made between John Rawls’s method of wide reflective equilibrium and Walzer’s interpretative method; it is argued that the methods of the two philosophers exhibit considerable similarities.

  • 19.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Michael Sandel: What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets2014In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 37-44Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government and the Treatment of Immigrants2013In: Ecumenical Review Sibiu / Revista Ecumenica Sibiu, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Normative questions concerning the treatment of immigrants can be approached from various perspectives: consequentialistic, deontological, fairness-based, rectificatory, or similar. In this paper, the implications of the idea of quality of government for the treatment of immigrants are examined. It is argued that an acceptable definition of quality of governance includes a principle of beneficence, which prescribes a beneficial treatment of immigrants whenever laws and policies allow. The principle, which is not novel in itself, is presented in a more specified form and is provided with a philosophical justification.

  • 21.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition2013In: American Political Science Review, ISSN 0003-0554, E-ISSN 1537-5943, Vol. 107, no 3, p. 433-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts such as “quality of government” and “good governance” refer to a desired character of the exercise of public authority. Recently the interest in good governance, the quality of government, and similar concepts has increased considerably. However, despite this increasing interest and use, an adequate definition of the concept of quality of government has proved difficult to find. This article criticizes recent attempts at such a definition and proposes an alternative, more complex definition that includes moral content and also encompasses a plurality of values and virtues at its core. An acceptable definition of the quality of governance must be consistent with the demands of a public ethos, the virtues of good decision making and reason giving, the rule of law, efficiency, stability, and a principle of beneficence. The article describes these components in detail and the relations among them.

  • 22.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Reassessing Walzer’s social criticism2012In: Philosophy & Social Criticism, ISSN 0191-4537, E-ISSN 1461-734X, Vol. 38, no 9, p. 917-937Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that Michael Walzer's theory of social criticism, which underpins his theory of justice, is not much of a theory at all, but rather an impressionistic collection of historical anecdotes. Contrary to this perception, I argue that Walzer's method can be accurately described as a version of John Rawls' well-known method of wide reflective equilibrium. Through a systematic comparison it can be shown that the two methods are strikingly similar. This implies that, far from the critics' claim, Walzer's method can be described as a philosophically sophisticated method. This also adds credibility to Walzer's views on politics and justice.

  • 23.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Ethics of Free Soloing2010In: Climbing: because it's there / [ed] Stephen E. Schmid, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, p. 158-168Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden .
    When Do We Share Moral Norms?2012In: Journal of Value Inquiry, ISSN 0022-5363, E-ISSN 1573-0492, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 303-315Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Aguirre, Elias
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vem lägger livspusslet?: På jakt efter livspusslets innebörder i media 2009-20112012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies the concept of "livspusslet", a term in swedish that directly translates as "the jigsaw puzzle of life". In recent public debate it has been used to articulate issues concerning the combination of family life and a professional career. The empirical material consists of newspaper articles from nationwide daily newspapers Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet between 2009 and 2011. The concept of "livspusslet" relates to the debate about family values, gender equality and the public view on the issue of combining family life with a career. The widespread use of the concept indicates that the social practices surrounding the debate over family policy is shifting. This essay aims to answer questions of what meanings the concept of "livspusslet" is filled with in the studied articles, who has the legitimacy to articulate the problems surrounding the combination of family life and a career and it what matter the meanings of the concept changes from one article to another.

  • 26.
    Agulanna, Christopher
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Informed Consent in Sub-Saharan African Communal Culture: The2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some scholars argue that the principle of voluntary informed consent is rooted in the Western ethos of liberal individualism; that it would be difficult to implement this requirement in societies where the norms of decision-making emphasize collective rather than individual decision-making (for example, Sub-Saharan Africa); that it would amount to “cultural imperialism” to seek to implement the principle of voluntary informed consent in non-Western societies. This thesis rejects this skepticism about the possibility of implementing the informed consent requirement in non-Western environments and argues that applying the principle of voluntary informed consent in human subjects’ research in Sub-Saharan African communal culture could serve as an effective measure to protect vulnerable subjects from possible abuses or exploitations. The thesis proposes the “multi-step” approach to informed consent as the best approach to the implementation of the principle in the African communal setting. The thesis argues that the importance of the “multi-step” approach lies in the fact that it is one that is sensitive to local culture and customs. On the question of whether the principle of voluntary informed consent should be made compulsory in research, the thesis answers that we have no choice in the matter.

  • 27.
    Ahamadu, Ibrahim
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Intellectual Property Rights: A Barricade to Technological Development. An Ethical Analysis on the Less Developed Countries2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Debate over Intellectual Property Rights ‘IPRs’ particularly patent and copyrights is mainly on forward-looking industries in computer software. As part of a trade deal reached in 1994, the member nations of the World Trade Organisation must adhere to a global agreement known as TRIPS, for the Trade- Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights.

    This study is to analyse the ethical conception of Intellectual Property Rights and in particular its implications on the developing countries in relation to TRIPS. The approach will be to analyse a broad philosophical theories of property to see if there is any justification for a software program to be treated as private property and also argue base on John Rawls two principles of justice in relation to TRIPS Agreement. Some reflections will be put on the use of open-source software by less developing countries.

    From the study it was asserted that, strong IPRs protection would hinder technological transfer and indigenous learning activities in the early stage of industrialisation when learning takes place through reverse engineering. And policy makers should consider differentiation in terms of the level of economic and industrial development, if protection and enforcement of IPRs is intended to enhance technological development.

  • 28.
    Ahlberg, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Visualization Techniques for Surveillance: Visualizing What Cannot Be Seen and Hiding What Should Not Be Seen2015In: Konsthistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-3609, E-ISSN 1651-2294, Vol. 84, no 2, p. 123-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives an introduction to some of the problems of modern camera surveillance, and how these problems are, or can be, addressed using visualization techniques. The paper is written from an engineering point of view, attempting to communicate visualization techniques invented in recent years to the non-engineer reader. Most of these techniques have the purpose of facilitating for the surveillance operator to recognize or detect relevant events (such as violence), while, in contrast, some have the purpose of hiding information in order to be less privacy-intrusive. Furthermore, there are also cameras and sensors that produce data that have no natural visible form, and methods for visualizing such data are discussed as well. Finally, in a concluding discussion an attempt is made to predict how the discussed methods and techniques will be used in the future. 

  • 29.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    What is Wrong Between Us?: On the problem of circularity in Scanlon's contractualism2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, the Scanlonian contractualist formula will be understood as follows: Within the domain of morality of what we owe to each other, an action is morally wrong if it follows principles that similarly motivated people can reasonably reject. Consequently, the concept of ‘reasonable rejection’ is the operative element in moral valuation, thus begging the question of what it is for a rejection to be reasonable. The problem of circularity in Scanlon’s contractualism builds upon a reading according to which Scanlon’s explanation of what it is to be ‘reasonably rejected’ seems to be understood as ‘when the action is morally wrong’. If this is the case, then Scanlon’s contractualism refers to its own thesis when performing moral valuations: that is wrong which can be reasonably rejected, and for an action to be reasonably rejected it must be morally wrong. The problem of circularity apparently renders Scanlon’s contractualism ‘empty’ as it cannot explain what it is for an action to be morally wrong without referring to its own thesis.

    In this essay I will try to clarify the difference between welfarist and structural charges of circularity. I will argue that the structural charges of circularity are due to a fallacious constructivist reading of What We Owe to Each Other. As I understand Scanlon, the constructivist reading places Scanlon’s theory too close to the contractualist tradition. I will also argue that critics holding Scanlon’s contractualism to be circular have failed to note that his theory only claims to cover a narrow domain of morality. Where critics hold Scanlon’s contractualism to refer to its own thesis when performing moral valuations I will argue that the theory refers to moral domains outside that of what we owe to each other. Hopefully my discussion on constructivism and circularity will shed some light on the simple brilliance and practical applicability of Scanlon’s contractualism.

    I will give a brief overview of What We Owe to Each Other before I present the critique put forth by Onora O’Neill, Mark Timmons and Joseph Raz. Then I will show how Scanlon treats the problem of circularity in his book, and how his defense targets substantial and not structural charges of circularity. I will then show that the structural critique is fallacious by analyzing the domain of morality that Scanlon’s contractualism targets. Finally I will try to apply Scanlon’s formula on personal relationships and on environmental issues. As of this point I will refer to Scanlon’s thesis as ‘contractualism’ while other theories following the contractualist tradition will be referred to as ‘contractarian’.

  • 30.
    Ahlner, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Thisell, Felicia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Kultur i förändring: En vidgad syn på kultursektorn och dess roll för samhället2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can you do a right measurement of culture as well as with other social sectors and with what can culture contribute when it comes to a town´s development? We found out that in Linköping the regional federation Ostsam recently (2005) started mapping the region's creative centers in order to look into the spreading of the culture in the county, and then use the uniqueness of the culture as an advantage in society- planning contexts. The reason was that both municipal - and State directions detected that the culture has a broader importance when it comes to building up society and infrastructure than earlier considered. This is called Cultural planning and is the foundation- method that Östsam used when working with their new projekt The creative sector. The outcome of the Östsam study resulted in an exciting study basis to work further on with and to examine through own demarcations and directions.

    This research manages the matter of the creative sector as an extension to the cultural sector. Our aim with this report is to find out the concept of the creative sector, what it stands for, and also to look into how the creative sector runs in practice.

  • 31.
    Ahlqvist, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Hyenor och kaniner i den platsspecifika konsten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen berör den platsspecifika konstens spännvidd genom en fallstudie av två verk. Det ena verket har tillkommit genom en tävling som arrangerats av företag, organisationer, institutioner och kommuner. Det andra verket är ett privatfinansierat gatukonstverk som upplåtits utan tillstånd. Genom uppsatsen förs en diskussion om de båda verkens tillkomst och syfte samt hur de respektive städerna Stockholm och Söderköping förhållit sig till verken.

  • 32.
    Ahlqvist, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ivarsson Lilieblad, Björn
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att fostra och forma en kommande generation svenskar : Folkskolans Barntidning 1892-1914 / I vansinnets gränsland : En studie av de normativa gränsdragningarna vid Vadstenacentralhospital 1849–18582003Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att fostra och forma en kommande generation svenskar : Folkskolans Barntidning 1892–1914 Av Cecilia Ahlqvist

    Runt sekelskiftet 1900 synliggjordes den privata sfären mer och ett större intresse för att inplantera hemidealen i samhället märktes. Diskussioner fördes om barns uppfostran samt omhändertagande och särskiljande av barn som inte följde gängse normer. Det fanns redan färdiga ideal om hur ett gott barn skulle formas. Likaså fanns idéer om hur föräldrarna skulle agera för att ge barnet de bästa förutsättningarna. Genom hjälpinsatser, råd och anvisningar från bl.a. läkare och pedagoger skulle ett gott samhälle skapas.

    Jag vill studera om dessa tidstypiska idéer uttrycks i Folkskolans barntidning och i så fall på vilket sätt. Kan det vara så att tidningen var något mer än ”god nöjesläsning”? Vad hade redaktionen för åsikter och föreställningar? Vad ville man egentligen uppnå med sitt material? För att se ifall tidningen var ett verktyg i uppfostringsprocessen har jag formulerat följande frågeställningar;

    • Hur skilde tidningen på skötsamma och ouppfostrade barn?
    • Hur skulle barnen uppfostras till hälsa och hygien?
    • På vilket sätt handlade förnuftiga vuxna?
    • Hur användes historien som normerande?

    Min förväntning är att dessa frågor kan täcka området som rör just uppfostran. De kommer att ge en bild av hur tidningen tyckte att barn var och hur de borde vara. Vilka egenskaper framhävs och vad bör inte komma fram? De råd som ges angående hälsa och hygien anser jag kunna visa hur man ville kontrollera hela barnet och dess tillvaro. Att jag väljer att föra över fokus på vuxna i de sista frågeställningarna beror på att jag vill se ifall en uttalad barntidning även kunde ha åsikter om hur en god vuxen var. Troligt är att de inte ville att de idéer de förespråkade motverkades av okunniga föräldrar. Det visar även hur barnen reagerade på den normerande vuxne. Jag tror att dessa frågeställningar kommer att vara tillräckliga för att nå tidningens syfte och mål.

  • 33.
    Ahlsell, Chandra
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Carl Malmsten - furniture studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Knutsson, JohanLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Carl Malmsten - furniture studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.Knutsson, JohanLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Carl Malmsten - furniture studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.Sandin Bülow, KerstiLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Carl Malmsten - furniture studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Carl Malmsten Furniture Studies: Josef Frank : studenter och lärare vid Carl Malmsten Furniture studies utforskar Josef Frank2016Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Ahlstrand, Pia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Bjärle, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Har utlandsadopterade barn språkproblem?: En undersökning om vad föräldrar och pedagoger anser2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur stor kunskap pedagoger har om utlandsadopterade barn och deras eventuella språkproblem. De frågeställningar vi ämnade besvara var bland annat vad litteraturen skriver om utlandsadopterade barns språk. Vi ville också ta reda på vad föräldrarna till de utlandsadopterade barnen hade för åsikter om deras barns eventuella språkproblem och hur dessa barnen fått den hjälp de rimligtvis behöver. Vi arbetade enligt trianguleringsmetoden och arbetet inleds med en litteraturstudie, där vi redogör för den forskning vi tagit del av. Därefter följer en enkätundersökning där 15 föräldrar till utlandsadopterade barn deltog. Metoddelen avslutas med intervjuer av fem pedagoger. Resultatet visar att föräldrarna, efter hårt arbete, fick den hjälp som barnet behövde, exempelvis genom att få hjälp av en logoped eller talpedagog. Resultatet visar även att lärarna i vår undersökning inte hade någon större kunskap om utlandsadopterade barns språkproblem.

  • 35.
    Ahlsén, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Språk, hjärnan och kognition2012In: Kognitionsvetenskap / [ed] Jens Allwood & Mikael Jensen, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, p. 437-552Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kognitionsvetenskap är den första boken på svenska som beskriver kärnan i kognitionsvetenskap - att förstå hur människor tänker. Den spänner därmed över ett brett tvärvetenskapligt fält som inrymmer filosofi, lingvistik, psykologi, antropologi, datavetenskap och neuro­vetenskap. Författarna beskriver hur ämnet har vuxit fram och hur man kan studera kognition utifrån filosofiska, psykologiska och neurovetenskapliga aspekter. Även språkvetenskapliga och sociala aspekter på tänkande presenteras. Författarna tar dessutom upp relationen mellan mänskligt tänkande och djurs tänkande, samt utvecklingen av kognition från barndom till vuxen ålder. Avslutningsvis berörs flera aspekter av tänkande i förhållande till teknologi, både som stöd för tänkande och som simulering av tänkande.

    Boken vänder sig till studenter som läser introduktionskurs eller grundkurs i kognitionsvetenskap, men är även lämplig för beteendevetenskapliga eller språkinriktade utbildningar. Den kan även vara av intresse för alla som vill förstå mer om mänskligt tänkande.

  • 36.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Automatisk textanalys i språkprofessionerna1999In: Samtal och språkanvändning i professionerna: Rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Linköping, 6-7 november 1997 / [ed] Per Linell, Lars Ahrenberg, Linda Jönsson, Uppsala: ASLA , 1999, p. 19-32Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Positions vs. precedences as primitives of constituent order1999In: Saetningsskemaet i Generativ Grammatik / [ed] Per Anker Jensen og Peter Skadhauge, Kolding: Institut for Erhvervssproglig Informatik og Kommunikation, Syddansk Universitet , 1999, p. 1-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Precedenser eller positioner för beskrivningen av svenskans ledföljd.1999In: Svenskans beskrivning 23: Förhandlingar vid Tjugotredje sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Andersson, Aina Lundqvist, Kerstin Norén, Lena Rogström, Lund: Lund University Press , 1999, p. 19-27Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Swedish prepositions are not pure function words2017In: Proceedings of the NoDaLiDa 2017 Workshop on Universal Dependencies (UDW 2017) / [ed] Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Joakim Nivre, and Sebastian Schuster, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017, p. 11-18Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As for any categorial scheme used for annotation, UD abound with borderline cases. The main instruments to resolve them are the UD design principles and, of course, the linguistic facts of the matter. UD makes a fundamental distinction between content words and function words, and a, perhaps less fundamental, distinction between pure function words and the rest. It has been suggested that adpositions are to be included among the pure function words. In this paper I discuss the case of prepositions in Swedish and related languages in the light of these distinctions. It relates to a more general problem: How should we resolve cases where the linguistic intuitions and UD design principles are in conflict?

  • 40.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Merkel, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    On translation corpora and translation support tools: A project report.1996In: Languages in Contrast. : Papers from a Symposium on Text-based Cross-linguistic Studies, Lund 4-5 March 1994 / [ed] K. Aijmer, B Altenberg & M. Johansson, Lund: Lund University Press , 1996, p. 185-200Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Merkel, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Språkliga effekter av översättningssystem.1998In: Svenskan i IT-samhället. / [ed] Olle Josephsson, Uppsala: Hallgren & Fallgren , 1998, p. 96-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur förändras det svenska språket av datorer och IT-teknik? Hur påverkas svenska ord, meningar och texter? Ett tiotal språkvetare diskuterar vad ordbehandlare, e-post, internet och s.k. "översättningsmaskiner" kan få för konsekvenser för svenskan. Analyser och resonemang kring en mängd exempel från både myndighetsbrev och chattare på nätet

  • 42.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tarvi, Ljuba
    Helsingfors University, Finland.
    Natural Language Processing for the Translation Class2013In: Proceedings of the second workshop on NLP for computer-assisted language learning at NODALIDA 2013: NEALT Proceedings Series 17 / [ed] Elena Volodina, Lars Borin, Hrafn Loftsson, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a system for use in translation teaching with automatic support for alignment and comparative assessment of different translations. A primary use of this system is for discussion in class and comparison of student translations from a given source text, but it may also be used to study and compare differences between published translations. We describe the intended functions of the system and give suggestions on its design and architecture. We also discuss the degree of automation that can be expected and report results from a small indicative study focused on word alignment performance.

  • 43.
    Ahrenberg, Lars
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Tiedemann, JörgUppsala universitet.Volk, MartinUniversität Zürich.
    Proceedings of the Workshop on Annotation and Exploitation of Parallel Corpora, Tartu, December 2, 2010. NEALT Proceedings Series, Vol. 10.,2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ahrland, Åsa
    et al.
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Olausson, Inger
    Institutionen för ekonomi, avdelningen för agrarhistoria, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Uppsala.
    The horticultural industry: a green-fingered trade in urban, modern, and global society2011In: Agriculture and forestry in Sweden since 1900: geographical and historical studies / [ed] Hans Antonsson & Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2011, p. 158-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ahrland, Åsa
    et al.
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala.
    Olausson, Inger
    Institutionen för ekonomi, avdelningen för agrarhistoria, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, SLU, Uppsala.
    Trädgårdsnäringen: det urbana, moderna och globala samhällets gröna hantverk2011In: Jordbruk och skogsbruk i Sverige sedan år 1900: studier av de areella näringarnas geografi och histori / [ed] Hans Antonson & Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien, 2011, p. 151-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Akbarzadeh, Parisa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. pania1359.
    Comparing music, lyrics, and singing in teaching Swedish children the phonetics of English2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout time, teachers, philosophers and scientists have recognized the valuable place of music for language learning and correct pronunciation. There are many researches over the last twenty years who has worked on different theories of language learning through different strategies. Many of the researchers find the pedagogical relations between language and music. The first part of this pilot study focuses on the factors that influence learning the second language as English by different theories. The study continues on comparing different strategies of learning the phonetics and correct pronunciation of English words by examining their learning through different ways such as hearing and reading.

  • 47.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medborgarutbildning på gymnasiet: Religionskunskap som upprätthållare av värdegrunden?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att se vilka värderingar elever har efter genomförd religionskurs och hur dessa stämmer överrens med lärarnas ambitioner. Genom en intervjustudie av elever och lärare har jag fått fram en bild av både värderingarna och ambitionerna. Dessa diskuteras mot bakgrund av läroplanen och kursplanen samt det medborgerliga utbildningsperspektivet, citizenship education. För att förstå elevernas värderingar bättre har jag använt mig av Bourdieus sociologiska teorier, vilket gett mig en bild av att skolan inte kan ta på sig hela ansvaret när det gäller överförandet av samhällets värden.

  • 48.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför tappade skolan tron?: En analys av religionsämnets förändring relaterat till sekulariseringen i Sverige2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att försöka se ett samband mellan religionsämnets förändring och den sekulariseringsprocess som det svenska samhället genomgått de senaste femtio åren. Genom en litteraturstudie har jag tagit reda på och förklarat de förändringar ämnet genomgått med hjälp av bl.a. äldre kursplaner. För att förklara sekulariseringens förändring har jag använt mig av svenska forskare, och tillika forskning gjord på det svenska samhället. Sekularisering får ses som en religiös förändring bort från en enhetsstat, och över lag är det kristendomens förlorade mark som i arbetet benämns som sekularisering.

    Avslutningsvis kommer förändringen inom ämnet religionskunskap ställas mot den sekularisering som skett för att försöka se samband, en diskussion om ämnets vara eller icke-vara i skolan avslutar arbetet.

  • 49.
    Algotsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Transgression and Tradition: Redefining Gender Roles in Elizabeth Gaskell´s North and South2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that Elizabeth Gaskell challenges the limiting gender roles of the Victorian era through giving her heroine, Margaret Hale in North and South, both the traditionally female qualities of virtue and selflessness and the traditionally masculine qualities of independence and action. The essay also argues that Gaskell’s heroine balances between the feminine and the masculine world as to not appear “unwomanly”, but rather subtly influencing the readers and calls for changing gender norms. Concrete examples of the heroine’s gender transgressions are put forward, but also her compliance to the traditional gender roles summed up in three roles or themes: the angel in the house, the female visitor and the refined lady.

    This essay also provides a didactic approach on working with North and South and the topic of Victorian gender norms in the upper secondary school. The relevance of and reasons for reading literature in school are also presented. The didactic chapter offers a concrete lesson plan on how to work with the theme of Victorian gender norms, which may develop students’ emphatic skills and also make them aware of ties between themselves and people that lived a long time ago.

  • 50.
    Algotsson, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wilhelmsson, Cornelia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Litteratursamtalet som didaktiskt verktyg: Forskningslägets förändring mellan 2005 och 20152015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera forskningen om muntlig bearbetning av skönlitteratur mellan 2005 och 2015. Ett speciellt fokus har legat på forskningen mellan 2010 och 2015, detta för att ge en överblick över forskningens aktuella läge och troliga utveckling. I ljuset av det katastrofala resultatet i PISA-undersökningen 2012 valde vi att rikta fokus mot litteratursamtalets läsutvecklande möjligheter och den forskning som bedrivits på området. För att studien ska ha hög yrkesrelevans har studerats benämningar och modeller för bearbetningen, men också konkreta effekter av bearbetningen och hur man rent praktiskt uppnår dessa på bästa sätt i undervisningen. Studien har genomförts med utgångspunkt i en systematisk litteraturstudie och har tagit avstamp ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Det har framkommit att bearbetningen av skönlitteratur har flera olika benämningar vilket kan orsaka förvirring, och flertalet modeller och teorier, både nya och äldre, har presenterats. De goda effekterna av den muntliga bearbetningen kan summeras i två teman: läslust och läsutveckling. För att dessa effekter ska uppnås bör ett dialogiskt klassrumsklimat råda, enligt forskarna, vilket i praktiken har visat sig svårt. Forskarna ägnar dessutom stort utrymme till aspekter kring lärarens roll och dennes frågeställningar. I jämförelse med tidigare forskning (såsom Chambers, Langer och Dysthe) framkom att liten del av senare forskning går emot den tidigare, snarare har forskningen blivit mer specifik samt till viss del öppnat upp för nya former av litteratursamtal.

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