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  • 1.
    Adborn, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Lärares yrkesetik.: En litteraturstudie.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur läraretik definieras, motiveras och förvärvas enligt yrkesetisk litteratur för lärare och lärarstudenter. Förhoppningen är att undersökningen ska bidra till att ge kunskap om den etiska dimensionen i lärares arbete och om den kompetens lärare behöver för att kunna hantera etiska konflikter i skolans vardag.

    Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ textanalys av tre böcker om yrkesetik som används på lärarprogrammen i Sverige. Böckerna är:

    • Läraren i etikens motljus av Trygve Bergem, professor i pedagogik.

    • Lärares yrkesetik av Roger Fjellström, docent i praktisk filosofi.

    • Den värdefulla praktiken av Kennert Orlenius, fil.dr. i pedagogik och Airi Bigsten, förskollärare och

      doktorand i pedagogik.

      Böckerna analyseras utifrån följande frågor:

    • Varför finns det yrkesetik för lärare?

    • Vad innefattar lärares yrkesetik?

    • För vem är yrkesetiken bra?

    • Hur förvärvas/utvecklas yrkesetiken?

      Undersökningen visar att:

      • Skolan består av en etisk/moralisk dimension inför vilken läraren behöver god

        handlingsberedskap.

      • Introduktionen av yrkesetik bör ske under lärarutbildningen, vilket ökar möjligheten för läraren att

        tidigt utveckla sin etiska kompetens.

      • Yrkesetiken är viktig för att yrket skall ses som en profession. 

  • 2.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Critical Comment on Collste2011In: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 203-205Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article claims that the account of specification as a way to solve conflicts between rights, suggested by Göran Collste, is unsatisfactory. It is argued that specification is not a solution on its own, but is better described as a remedy in response to a political failure.

  • 3.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Secular State?2010In: Identity and pluralism : ethnicity, religion and values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: LiU-Tryckk , 2010, p. 80-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Lunds universitet.
    Bör den liberala staten privilegiera religion i samhället?2013In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 1-21Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det anses ofta att en liberal stat måste förhålla sig neutral till religiösa element i samhället. Att bryta mot neutralitetskravet och därmed privilegiera religiösa element i samhället är uteslutet, hävdas det, eftersom ett sådant privilegierande skulle innebära att man medvetet gynnar en grupp uppfattningar om det goda livet – vilket skulle vara synnerligen icke-liberalt.

    I den här artikeln ifrågasätts det neutralitetskrav som åläggs den liberala staten. Istället försvaras idén att en liberal stat i vissa fall kan ha en prima facie skyldighet att privilegiera vissa religiösa element i samhället. I artikeln presenteras tre villkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att ett avsteg från neutralitetskravet ska vara rättfärdigat.

    Efter en kortare diskussion om den relevanta empiriska forskningen konkluderas att en liberal stat i vissa fall är berättigad att privilegiera religiösa element i samhället utan att därmed kompromissa med sin liberala status.

  • 5.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduktion2013In: Varför inte Socialism? och Om den egalitära rättvisans valuta / [ed] G. A. Cohen, Daidalos, 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Michael Sandel: What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets2014In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 37-44Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government and the Treatment of Immigrants2013In: Ecumenical Review Sibiu / Revista Ecumenica Sibiu, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 25-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Normative questions concerning the treatment of immigrants can be approached from various perspectives: consequentialistic, deontological, fairness-based, rectificatory, or similar. In this paper, the implications of the idea of quality of government for the treatment of immigrants are examined. It is argued that an acceptable definition of quality of governance includes a principle of beneficence, which prescribes a beneficial treatment of immigrants whenever laws and policies allow. The principle, which is not novel in itself, is presented in a more specified form and is provided with a philosophical justification.

  • 8.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition2013In: American Political Science Review, ISSN 0003-0554, E-ISSN 1537-5943, Vol. 107, no 3, p. 433-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts such as “quality of government” and “good governance” refer to a desired character of the exercise of public authority. Recently the interest in good governance, the quality of government, and similar concepts has increased considerably. However, despite this increasing interest and use, an adequate definition of the concept of quality of government has proved difficult to find. This article criticizes recent attempts at such a definition and proposes an alternative, more complex definition that includes moral content and also encompasses a plurality of values and virtues at its core. An acceptable definition of the quality of governance must be consistent with the demands of a public ethos, the virtues of good decision making and reason giving, the rule of law, efficiency, stability, and a principle of beneficence. The article describes these components in detail and the relations among them.

  • 9.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Reassessing Walzer’s social criticism2012In: Philosophy & Social Criticism, ISSN 0191-4537, E-ISSN 1461-734X, Vol. 38, no 9, p. 917-937Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is often argued that Michael Walzer's theory of social criticism, which underpins his theory of justice, is not much of a theory at all, but rather an impressionistic collection of historical anecdotes. Contrary to this perception, I argue that Walzer's method can be accurately described as a version of John Rawls' well-known method of wide reflective equilibrium. Through a systematic comparison it can be shown that the two methods are strikingly similar. This implies that, far from the critics' claim, Walzer's method can be described as a philosophically sophisticated method. This also adds credibility to Walzer's views on politics and justice.

  • 10.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Ethics of Free Soloing2010In: Climbing: because it's there / [ed] Stephen E. Schmid, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, p. 158-168Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Lund University, Sweden .
    When Do We Share Moral Norms?2012In: Journal of Value Inquiry, ISSN 0022-5363, E-ISSN 1573-0492, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 303-315Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Agulanna, Christopher
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Informed Consent in Sub-Saharan African Communal Culture: The2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some scholars argue that the principle of voluntary informed consent is rooted in the Western ethos of liberal individualism; that it would be difficult to implement this requirement in societies where the norms of decision-making emphasize collective rather than individual decision-making (for example, Sub-Saharan Africa); that it would amount to “cultural imperialism” to seek to implement the principle of voluntary informed consent in non-Western societies. This thesis rejects this skepticism about the possibility of implementing the informed consent requirement in non-Western environments and argues that applying the principle of voluntary informed consent in human subjects’ research in Sub-Saharan African communal culture could serve as an effective measure to protect vulnerable subjects from possible abuses or exploitations. The thesis proposes the “multi-step” approach to informed consent as the best approach to the implementation of the principle in the African communal setting. The thesis argues that the importance of the “multi-step” approach lies in the fact that it is one that is sensitive to local culture and customs. On the question of whether the principle of voluntary informed consent should be made compulsory in research, the thesis answers that we have no choice in the matter.

  • 13.
    Ahamadu, Ibrahim
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Intellectual Property Rights: A Barricade to Technological Development. An Ethical Analysis on the Less Developed Countries2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Debate over Intellectual Property Rights ‘IPRs’ particularly patent and copyrights is mainly on forward-looking industries in computer software. As part of a trade deal reached in 1994, the member nations of the World Trade Organisation must adhere to a global agreement known as TRIPS, for the Trade- Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights.

    This study is to analyse the ethical conception of Intellectual Property Rights and in particular its implications on the developing countries in relation to TRIPS. The approach will be to analyse a broad philosophical theories of property to see if there is any justification for a software program to be treated as private property and also argue base on John Rawls two principles of justice in relation to TRIPS Agreement. Some reflections will be put on the use of open-source software by less developing countries.

    From the study it was asserted that, strong IPRs protection would hinder technological transfer and indigenous learning activities in the early stage of industrialisation when learning takes place through reverse engineering. And policy makers should consider differentiation in terms of the level of economic and industrial development, if protection and enforcement of IPRs is intended to enhance technological development.

  • 14.
    Ahlin, Jesper
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    What is Wrong Between Us?: On the problem of circularity in Scanlon's contractualism2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, the Scanlonian contractualist formula will be understood as follows: Within the domain of morality of what we owe to each other, an action is morally wrong if it follows principles that similarly motivated people can reasonably reject. Consequently, the concept of ‘reasonable rejection’ is the operative element in moral valuation, thus begging the question of what it is for a rejection to be reasonable. The problem of circularity in Scanlon’s contractualism builds upon a reading according to which Scanlon’s explanation of what it is to be ‘reasonably rejected’ seems to be understood as ‘when the action is morally wrong’. If this is the case, then Scanlon’s contractualism refers to its own thesis when performing moral valuations: that is wrong which can be reasonably rejected, and for an action to be reasonably rejected it must be morally wrong. The problem of circularity apparently renders Scanlon’s contractualism ‘empty’ as it cannot explain what it is for an action to be morally wrong without referring to its own thesis.

    In this essay I will try to clarify the difference between welfarist and structural charges of circularity. I will argue that the structural charges of circularity are due to a fallacious constructivist reading of What We Owe to Each Other. As I understand Scanlon, the constructivist reading places Scanlon’s theory too close to the contractualist tradition. I will also argue that critics holding Scanlon’s contractualism to be circular have failed to note that his theory only claims to cover a narrow domain of morality. Where critics hold Scanlon’s contractualism to refer to its own thesis when performing moral valuations I will argue that the theory refers to moral domains outside that of what we owe to each other. Hopefully my discussion on constructivism and circularity will shed some light on the simple brilliance and practical applicability of Scanlon’s contractualism.

    I will give a brief overview of What We Owe to Each Other before I present the critique put forth by Onora O’Neill, Mark Timmons and Joseph Raz. Then I will show how Scanlon treats the problem of circularity in his book, and how his defense targets substantial and not structural charges of circularity. I will then show that the structural critique is fallacious by analyzing the domain of morality that Scanlon’s contractualism targets. Finally I will try to apply Scanlon’s formula on personal relationships and on environmental issues. As of this point I will refer to Scanlon’s thesis as ‘contractualism’ while other theories following the contractualist tradition will be referred to as ‘contractarian’.

  • 15.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medborgarutbildning på gymnasiet: Religionskunskap som upprätthållare av värdegrunden?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att se vilka värderingar elever har efter genomförd religionskurs och hur dessa stämmer överrens med lärarnas ambitioner. Genom en intervjustudie av elever och lärare har jag fått fram en bild av både värderingarna och ambitionerna. Dessa diskuteras mot bakgrund av läroplanen och kursplanen samt det medborgerliga utbildningsperspektivet, citizenship education. För att förstå elevernas värderingar bättre har jag använt mig av Bourdieus sociologiska teorier, vilket gett mig en bild av att skolan inte kan ta på sig hela ansvaret när det gäller överförandet av samhällets värden.

  • 16.
    Alfredsson, Ola
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför tappade skolan tron?: En analys av religionsämnets förändring relaterat till sekulariseringen i Sverige2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att försöka se ett samband mellan religionsämnets förändring och den sekulariseringsprocess som det svenska samhället genomgått de senaste femtio åren. Genom en litteraturstudie har jag tagit reda på och förklarat de förändringar ämnet genomgått med hjälp av bl.a. äldre kursplaner. För att förklara sekulariseringens förändring har jag använt mig av svenska forskare, och tillika forskning gjord på det svenska samhället. Sekularisering får ses som en religiös förändring bort från en enhetsstat, och över lag är det kristendomens förlorade mark som i arbetet benämns som sekularisering.

    Avslutningsvis kommer förändringen inom ämnet religionskunskap ställas mot den sekularisering som skett för att försöka se samband, en diskussion om ämnets vara eller icke-vara i skolan avslutar arbetet.

  • 17.
    Alm, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att umgås med döden: metaforens begränsning2017In: Föreställningar om döden: forskares aspekter på vår existens och dess begränsning / [ed] Kjell O. Lejon, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2017, p. 156-175Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Alm, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från imperiets synvinkel sett: Södra Kinas icke-hanfolk som "de andra" under den tidiga Qingdynastin2018In: Perspektiv på "den andre" / [ed] Kjell O. Lejon, Carlsson Bokförlag, 2018, p. 210-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Almén, Edgar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Furenhed, Ragnar
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hartman, Sven G.
    Lärarhögskolan, Stockholm.
    Skogar, Björn
    Lärarutbildningen, Karlstad och Södertörn.
    Livstolkning och värdegrund: att undervisa om religion, livsfrågor och etik2000Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolans värdegrund har på senare år lyfts fram i många olika sammanhang. Uppgiften att undervisa om religion, etik, och livsfrågor har också debatterats. Detta undervisningsområde hör till skolans svåraste uppgifter - men kanske också till de viktigaste. Denna antologi ger ett bidrag till utvecklingen av ett professionellt lärarkunnande i frågor som gäller skolans värdegrund och undervisning på livsåskådningsområdet.

    Författarna ger utifrån sina respektive kompetensområden en belysning av några av ämnesområdets centrala aspekter.

    De texter som ingår har skrivits särskilt för lärarutbildningen men kan också användas i andra sammanhang. Avsikten har varit att via texterna föra de studerande i kontakt med såväl aktuell forskning som professionell lärarkunskap av annat slag.

  • 20.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Colonial Differences in Intercultural Education: On Interculturality in the Andes and the Decolonization of Intercultural Dialogue2017In: Comparative Education Review, ISSN 0010-4086, E-ISSN 1545-701X, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 103-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to wean interculturality from its comfort zone of flat substitutability across cultural differences by pushing for the possibility of other ways of thinking about the concept depending on where (the geopolitics of knowledge) and by whom (the bodypolitics of knowledge) it is being articulated. In order to make a case for the importance of always considering the geopolitical and bodypolitical dimension of knowledge production within interculturality, this essay shifts focus away from policies of the European Union and UNESCO to the Andean region of Latin America. In that part of the world the notion of interculturalidad – translation: interculturality – is not only a subject on the educational agenda, it has also become a core component among indigenous social movements in their push for decolonization. With reference points drawn from a decolonial perspective and the concept of “colonial difference”, this essay makes the case that interculturalidad, with its roots in the historical experience of colonialism and in the particular, rather than in assertions of universality, offers another perspective on interculturality bringing into the picture other epistemologies. It concludes by arguing for the requirement to start seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

  • 21.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Construyendo ciudadanos europeos: la Unión Europea entre visiones interculturales y herencias coloniales2012In: Cuadernos Interculturales, ISSN 0718-0586, E-ISSN 0719-2851, Vol. 10, no 19, p. 11-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article focuses on problematizing the European Union’s claim that intercultural dialogue constitutes an advocated method of talking through cultural boundaries based on mutual empathy and non-domination. More precisely, the aim is to analyze who is being constructed as counterparts of the intercultural dialogue through the discourse produced by the EU. To answer the question, European policy documents on intercultural dialogue are analyzed drawing on a postcolonial perspective. As an interpretation, the EU appropriates historical symbols and colonial figures of thought to authorize its current objectives. Within the realm of the EU, Europeans are portrayed as having an a priori historical existence, while the ones excluded from this notion are evoked to demonstrate its difference in comparison to the European one. The results show that subjects not considered as Europeans serve as markers of the multicultural present of the space. Thus, intercultural dialogue seems to consolidate differences between European and Other - the ‘We’ and ‘Them’ in the dialogue - rather than, as in line with its purpose, bringing subjects together.

  • 22.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Decolonising Intercultural Education : Colonial Differences, the Geopolitics of Knowledge, and Inter-Epistemic Dialogue2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the centre of Decolonising Intercultural Education is a simple yet fundamental question: is it possible to learn from the Other? This book argues that many recent efforts to theorise interculturality restrict themselves to a variety of interpretations within a Western framework of knowledge, which does not necessarily account for the epistemological diversity of the world.

    The book suggests an alternative definition of interculturality, framed not in terms of cultural differences, but in terms of colonial difference. It brings analysis of the Latin American concept of interculturalidad into the picture and explores the possibility of decentring the discourse of interculturality and its Eurocentric outlook, seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

    Decolonising Intercultural Education will be of interest to educational practitioners, researchers and postgraduate students in in the areas of education, postcolonial studies, Latin American studies and social sciences.

  • 23.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Kista folkhögskola - den första muslimska folkhögskolan2011In: Mångfaldig (folk)bildning för det offentliga samtalet?: Tre minoriteters egna bildningsverksamheter / [ed] Robert Aman, Lisbeth Eriksson, Martin Lundberg, Thomas Winman, Stockholm: Folkbildningsrådet , 2011, p. 49-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är resultatet av ett ettårigt forskningsprojekt som Folkbildningsrådet finansierat. Projektet har genomförts av en grupp forskare vid Linköpings universitet: Lisbeth Eriksson, Martin Lundberg, Thomas Winman och Robert Aman.Forskarna undersöker hur olika religiösa och etniska gruppers skapande av “egna” folkbildande verksamheter kan förstås. I rapporten beskrivs de processer som lett fram till etablerandet av Kista folkhögskola, Agnesbergs folkhögskola, studieförbundet Ibn Rushd samt Samernas utbildningscentrum.

  • 24.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Moderniteten sedd underifrån: Kolonialitet, underordnade epistemologier och avlänkning hos Walter Mignolo2015In: Samtida politisk teori / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Stockholm: Tankekraft förlag , 2015, 1, p. 265-289Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    The Double Bind of Interculturality and the Implications for Education2015In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 149-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the ways in which boundaries of estrangement are produced in the academic literature assigned for courses on interculturality. As the existence of interculturality is dependent on the ascription of content to culture – since the notion, by definition, always involves more than one singular culture – this essay seeks to provide an answer to the question of what this literature, implicitly or otherwise, defines in terms of sameness vis-à-vis otherness, and thereby to chart the conditions for becoming intercultural. This question is especially important because the self in interculturality has to be, in principle, generalizable: it should signify a position available for occupation by anybody with proper training in this approach. Starting from the assumption that different experiences, languages and identities, already intersect and are indeed already intercultural before being subjected to study under the auspices of ‘interculturality’ as an educational topic, the essay goes on to problematize the way in which interculturality tends to construe sameness and difference along national lines and does little to cater for multiple, as opposed to national, or other unified, identities.

  • 26.
    Amanze, Stanley Otitoaja
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Technologised Parenthood: An Ethical Implacation of Human Reproductive Cloning2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Science and technology has been the bedrock of human growth and dynamism. Man has over the years distinguished his existence from all other beings by his ability to champion and fashion his existence. Among his tools is biotechnology which actually attenuates the fears of aging and death.

    Human reproductive cloning stands out as one of the means through which biotechnology plans to achieve this perfect existence for man. Technological advancements in the field of biotechnology are now in the threshold of human procreation.

    Human reproductive cloning is seen as an assisted method of reproduction which creates a newborn that is genetically identical to another human being.Human reproductive cloning as a technology and as a means of reproduction is not without its pros and cons. In as much as the technology promises to mention but a few, hope for the infertile couples and single parents, as well as the hope of reproduction without passing on hereditary diseases; it at the same time beeps some flashes of worry. Hence, the inherent threat to the notion of parenthood which does not smack of compromise, coupled with other ethical implications are reasons one may proffer not to have this technology.

    Technologised parenthood stands out as an implication of human reproductive cloning and as such it considers issues in human sexuality i.e. the place of human sexuality in reproduction and then the nature of the family which is the playground of human existence. This thesis focuses on this implication of human reproductive cloning while making a critical exposition of the concept of human reproductive cloning.

  • 27.
    Amundin, Mats
    et al.
    Kolmården Wildlife Park.
    Hållsten, Henrik
    Filosofiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlgren, Jussi
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Molinder, Lars
    Carnegie Investment Bank, Swedden.
    A proposal to use distributional models to analyse dolphin vocalisation2017In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Vocal Interactivity in-and-between Humans, Animals and Robots, VIHAR 2017 / [ed] Angela Dassow, Ricard Marxer & Roger K. Moore, 2017, p. 31-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the starting points of an experimental project to study dolphin communicative behaviour using distributional semantics, with methods implemented for the large scale study of human language.

  • 28.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    From "Who Cares?" to "Why Care"? Linking a Socio-Cultural Research project in Japanology to Missiology2003In: Swedish Missiological Themes [Svensk Missionstidskrift], ISSN 0346-217X, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 633-648Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article begins with a short personal presentation, in order to provide some background to my research and its possible relevance to missiology. After this introduction, the abstract of my Ph.D. thesis is quoted followed by a presentation of additional results of that study. After this, I look more closely into part of the concluding chapter of the thesis, where I discuss the concept of honouring ones parents - from the perspective of ancient Judeo- Christian and Confucian texts respectively: Genesis and Deuteronomy (in the Bible) and Nihon no meicho, Great Books of Japan no. 14, which is about Confucian values. I also quote some pages from my dissertation thesis and this excerpt provides the basis for raising the following two questions. Firstly, are there any inferences to be drawn from this small piece of comparative analysis for the general analysis of post-modern society in a worldwide context? Secondly, can missiology learn any lessons from crosscultural and comparative research and, if so, which ones?

  • 29.
    Andersson, Anna-Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Title Legitimacy of power: an argument about the justification of redistributions and restrictions of liberty of action within a state2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at answering the following questions:1) How can the existence of a state be justified?2) To what extent does the state have the right to restrict individual´s liberty of action?3) To what extent does the state have the right to restrict or redistribute any kind of "goods", and if so, which restrictions should be allowed on which"goods"?4) Can a moral theory be "goal-directed", and are there moral reasons that it should be "goaldirected"?

    In order to answer these questions, I will analyze Robert Nozick´s and Michael Walzer´s answers to these questions, as presented in Anarchy, State and Utopia (1974) and Spheres of Justice (1983). My answers, which are founded on an argument for the necessity of freedom of choice and ambition-sensitivity in theories of justice, are results of a compromise between the ideas in these theories, but also partially on criticism of both theories.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mesopotamiens gudomligförklarade kungar: En undersökning av teologiska perspektiv på två gudomligförklarade kungar i det forntida Mesopotamien2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet för denna undersökning är de teologiska perspektiven runt två gudomligförklarade kungar i det forntida Mesopotamien, nämligen den gammalakkadiske kungen Naram-Sin (ca. 2254-2218 f.kr.) och den nysumeriske kungen Shulgi (ca. 2094-2047 f.kr.). De teologiska perspektiven behandlas här med hjälp av en induktionsbaserad historisk undersökning som utgår från vad olika forskare har skrivit i ämnet. Eftersom detta är en c-uppsats och det inte har varit möjligt att använda sig av primärkällor såsom arkeologiskt material och historiska källor på originalspråk så utgår denna undersökning uteslutande från forskningslitteratur. Undersökningen består av tre delar, i de två första delarna behandlas de teologiska perspektiven på kungarna var för sig och i det tredje görs en jämförelse mellan perspektiven. Undersökningens upplägg ser ut på så sätt att först har det gjorts observationer av vad som står om de teologiska perspektiven på monarkerna i de olika forskarnas verk. Sedan har perspektiven brutits ner i olika delämnen och därefter har informationen om dem sorterats in i de olika delämnena. Utifrån detta försöker sedan undersökningen att skissa fram en bild av de teologiska perspektivens karaktär. Uppsatsens tyngdpunkt ligger framförallt på att peka på olika tendenser i de religiösa föreställningarna runt dem med avseende på vilka teman de kretsar kring. I undersökningen framkommer det att perspektiven är ganska spretiga och går i många olika riktningar och även att det finns skillnader och likheter i perspektiven mellan kungarna. Två teman som dock ofta återkommer är fruktbarhet och himlen.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Measuring Gaia: Sociotechnical Systems as Planetary Phenomena2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mind in Complex Systems: The Concept of the Noosphere, between Gregory Bateson and Earth System Analysis2016In: Posthuman Studies and Technologies of Control: From Nietszche to Trans-, Post-, and Metahumanism / [ed] Stefan Lorenz Sorgner, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Concept of Noosphere in Earth System Science: Planetart Metamorphosis and the Subsumption of Mankind in Terrestrial Evolution2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Andersson, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Religionskunskapen och de rörliga bilderna: Vad gör film och TV till meningsfulla redskap i undervisningen?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Filmer är fulla av dolda värden samt religiösa och anti-religiösa budskap. Det blir mer och mer vanligt att man tar vara på detta i religionsstudier. Detta examensarbete syftar till att belysa frågan om och i så fall vad som gör att film och TV kan vara användbara pedagogiska redskap i religionskunskapsundervisning. Detta görs genom att undersöka tidigare forsknings syn på att använda film och TV i undervisning. Metoden som används är en systematisk litteraturstudie. Examensarbetet undersöker närmre vad är det som gör film och TV till användbara pedagogiska redskap samt vilka negativa effekter användandet av film och TV i undervisning kan leda till. Dessutom berör examensarbetet förutsättningarna för att film och TV ska kunna ses som användbara pedagogiska redskap. Resultaten visar att film och TV kan ses som en resurs från elevernas värld som förknippas med känslomässiga upplevelser, att film och TV formar elevers liv och identitet och kan väcka samtal som förändrar elevers synsätt samt att användandet av film och TV kan ge elever en mer kritisk blick. Samtliga fördelaktiga aspekter riskerar dock att medföra negativa effekter om inte förutsättningarna är de rätta. Olika sätt att studera film på diskuteras. En slutsats som dras är att film och TV inte automatiskt kan ses som användbara pedagogiska redskap, utan den avgörande förutsättningen för att film och TV ska kunna ses som användbara är att elever lär sig se film och TV med en kritisk blick. För att uppnå detta behövs en kunnig lärare som kan leda in diskussionerna på rätt spår.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Educational Science (IUV).
    Slöja i skolan?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats utreder jag hur inställningen var till ett förbud mot slöja i de svenska skolorna. Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka vilka tankar och inställningar som framkom i Sverige bland skolledningar, politiker och ungdomar med utländskbakgrund under åren 2003 till 2005. Uppsatsen syftar även till att se till vilka eventuella skillnader som finns mellan Sverige och Frankrike, där debatten om slöjan startade redan under slutet av 1980 talet och där man sedan 2004 genom lag har förbjudit slöja i de statliga skolorna.

    Uppsatsen bygger på en hermeneutisk metod och med hjälp av politiska dokument, debattartiklar och forskning om ungdomarnas inställningar till slöjan i de svenska skolorna, har jag genom min textanalys och tolkning nått mitt syfte. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att inställningen för ett förbud mot slöja i skolorna var väldigt svagt i Sverige. Individens frihet betonades mycket, men elevernas situation kom ändå under tidsperioden att ändras genom en ny diskrimineringslag.

  • 36.
    Aniago, Wilfred Onyekachi
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    International Debt Cancellation and the Question of Global Justice: A Case Study of Nigeria.2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is so much hunger in the developing poor countries of the world that the extent of inequality calls for a re-examination of global resources distribution especially as it concerns global debt crisis. The debts and their servicing obligation worsen the condition of the poor. Their cancellation could grant some respite to these global poor. This is why the call for a total and unconditional cancellation of Third World debt becomes a moral imperative. This needs to be given a normative approach especially as most of the debts were said to have arisen from morally questionable contracts. The demand for their cancellation is therefore a demand for global justice viewed from the stand point of rectification and distribution.

  • 37.
    Animasaun, Emmanuel Dare
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Professional Medical Ethicist: A Weed or Desired Member in Medical Ethics Debates?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We now live in an era of experts on virtually everything, among which we have professional medical ethicists, who gained prominence in the late 60s due to dramatic advances in medical technology. Before then, medical ethics issues were not thought as separable from the warp and woof of the everyday life. Medical technology’s advancement cascades legions of moral problems in medicine and biomedical research. Series of innovative interventions in medicine raise throngs of ethical questions. In most cases that have to do with issues of life and death, there are perceived moral conflicts. Due to this swath of problematic issues that need solutions, some apologists favour medical ethics experts as fit for the job, while critics argue that no one has the knowledge or skill for dealing with moral quandaries because objective truth is not feasible in ethics and moral judgment is relative to cultures, beliefs and values. The necessity for medical ethicists to take active role in Medical Ethics Debates, either in Committees at the institutional level, or at any other decision-making mechanisms is justified in this thesis. In addition to this, the thesis also justifies medical ethicists’ role as expert consultants to clinicians and individuals alike This justification is based on complex moral problems accentuated by medical technology, which are far from being easily solved through mere appeal to individual reason, but rather by involving medical ethicists based on their specialized knowledge and high level understanding of research and practice. Although critics question the authority with which experts speak on these issues, nevertheless, the thesis unravels the roles, functions, significance and components of expert’s expertise that separate him/her from the crowd. Arguments are critically analysed and medical ethicists’ limits and professional flaws are addressed, with a view to establishing a virile foundation for the profession of medical ethics.

  • 38.
    Ankarstrand, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Hur såg den kyrkliga integrationen ut för de ryssar som grävde Göta Kanal?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For many people, Göta Canal is a tourist attraction for people on their holiday. Not so many know that the canal was originally built for trade purposes and to secure the Swedish import during times of war. Göta Canal was built 1813-1832 by Swedish workers, Swedish soldiers and Russian deserters. This essay denies the myth saying that the canal was built by Russian prisoners of war. Instead it indicates that they were deserters from Russia. The essay shows how these Russian men were greeted by the Swedish Lutheran Church. In Russia, the majority of the people belonged to the Russian Orthodox Church. This essay’s purpose is to give a first insight about who the people were that came from Russia to Sweden to work with the canal. It will also give a basic understanding about how they were integrated into the Swedish Church and if they accepted the Lutheran beliefs or if they were allowed to practise their Orthodox traditions. This essay is the very first study of all the Russians who worked with Göta Canal and lived in the county “Östergötland” close to the city “Söderköping”. The congregations in Söderköping that I’ve chosen to study closer are “S:t Laurentii” (during that time called Söderköping), “Skönberga”, “Drothem” and “Västra Husby”. I have excluded the other congregations since I haven’t been able to find any Russians moving to their areas. When the building of Göta Canal was finished, many of the families probably sought other work - either at the canal or at farms around Söderköping. I believe that the prospects to find more interesting information about these people are very good. There is a great need to control the files that this essay doesn’t take part of. To seek the roots of people can give a feeling of them coming back to life and a wish of getting to know them better. The Russians that I’ve followed came to Sweden for a reason, probably in hope of a better life. But their life didn’t become as good as they hoped for since many of them lived under very poor circumstances.

  • 39. Arke, Pia
    et al.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Scoresbysundshistorier: fotografier, kartor & kolonialism2010 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Aronson, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Skandinavisk Teologisk Högskola, Uppsala.
    Lejon, Kjell O.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Johannelunds Teologiska Högskola, Uppsala .
    Lindholm, Hans
    Johannelunds Teologiska Högskola, Uppsala .
    Söderlund, Rune
    Centrum för teologi och religionsvetenskap, Lunds universitet.
    Persson, Magnus
    Pingstförsamlingen United, Malmö.
    Confessio Augustana: Augsburgska Bekännelsen: Nyöversatt och kommenterad2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Confessio Augustana utgavs år 1530 och utgör en av den reformatoriska rörelsens centrala dokument och har även använts som en ekumenisk utgångspunkt. Denna utgåva av Augsburgska bekännelsen är en nyöversättning med kommentarer av Rune Söderlund. Utgåvan innehåller även en parafrasering, av Hans Lindholm, som gör texten ännu mer lättillgänglig. Den svenska texten presenteras parallellt med originaltexten på latin.

    Augsburgska bekännelsen är en nyöversättning med kommentarer av Rune Söderlund. Utgåvan innehåller även en parafrasering, av Hans Lindholm, som gör texten ännu mer lättillgänglig. Den svenska texten presenteras parallellt med originaltexten på latin.

  • 41.
    Aronsson, Jan
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Det estetiska problemet: Relationen mellan det estetiska och etiska i Kierkegaards filosofi2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about Soren Aabye Kierkegaards (1813-1855) philosophy regarding the relation between the aesthetic and the ethic stage. The result of the essay is a modification of the aesthetic problem. The suggestion is to convert part of Kierkegaard’s metaphysical claims into an epistemic approach. An epistemic approach means to hold a position of well grounded stipulative beliefs. The argument for this suggestion is that it’s not possible to decide the truth in Kierkegaard’s metaphysical claims and therefore is it more fruitful to take an epistemic position. This paper claims that for the aesthetic person an argumentation on an epistemic level should be enough to choose the ethic way of life.

  • 42.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identity politics and uses of the past with European national museums2011In: Nordisk Museologi, ISSN 1103-8152, no 1, p. 117-124Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a research project on identity politics in Europe. European National Museums: Identity politics, the uses of the past and the European citizen (EuNaMus, www.eunamus.eu) explores the creation and power of the heritage created and presented by European national museums. National museums are defined and explored as processes of institutionalized negotiations where material collections and displays make claims and are recognized as articulating and representing national values and realities. Questions asked in the project are why, by whom, when, with what material, with what result and future possibilities are these museums shaped.

  • 43.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medeltiden i montern2011In: Ett nordiskt rum: Historiska och framtida gemenskaper från Baltikum till Barents hav. RJ:s årsbok / [ed] Jenny Björkman, Björn Fjæstad & Jonas Harvard, Stockholm: Makadam , 2011, p. 60-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Norden fem självständiga länder i Europas nordvästra hörn. Det är det hårda Norden. Men det finns också ett mjukt Norden, som är en ideologisk och medial konstruktion, inte sällan med kommersiella förtecken. Det handlar om jämlikhet, tillit, kort distans till makten, inklusivitet, flexibilitet, kärlek till naturen, luthersk arbetsetik samt sparsmakad och ljus estetik. Vi häruppe är inte så lite övertygade om de egna lösningarnas universella förträfflighet.Men varför är de tre baltiska länderna inte med i gemenskapen? Har det med den svenska stormaktstiden att göra, med arvet efter Sovjettiden eller med något annat? I regionernas Europa kan det också finnas plats för ett fördjupat nordiskt samarbete kanske rentav en politisk union? Det finns argument både för och emot.En ännu svårare fråga är vad som är nordiskt. Handlar det om historia, nutidskultur eller samhällsekonomi? Vad har vi gemensamt som skiljer oss från omvärlden? Kanske mer än vi tror. Eller möjligen tvärtom.Riksbankens Jubileumsfonds årsbok 2011/2012, Ett nordiskt rum, vrider och vänder på Norden. Årsboken utsträcker det nordiska i sydöstlig riktning, men undersöker också den exotiska periferin norr om norr. Med stora övergripande penseldrag, både historiskt och i nutid, och med nedslag i belysande detaljer målas ett nordiskt rum upp som är på en gång välbekant och helt nytt.

  • 44.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Museets själ – en motsägelsefull historia2011In: Fynd. Tidskrift för Göteborgs Stadsmuseen och Fornminnesföreningen i Göteborg, ISSN 0282-7301, no 1, p. 74-77Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Arrhenius, Thordis
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den moderna monumentkulten2016In: Mellan minne och glömska: studier i det kulturella minnets förvandlingar / [ed] Johan Redin, Hans Ruin, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2016, p. 213-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Arvidsson, HG.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    How to Enhance the Usefulness of Public Debates as a Support for Political Decision-Making2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective for this study is to examine whether it is possible to use the method of reflective equilibrium in order to enhance the usefulness of public debates as a support for political decision-making. Since public debates from political quarters are seen as an important tool for policy-making, the need for a rational assessment of the views put forward in such debates are important. And since reflective equilibrium aims for coherence between judgments on different levels – intuitions, principles and theories, which all are put forward in public debates – the point of departure for this theses is that this method could be useful for the matter of bringing some kind of structure to public debates.

    The analysis in this study shows that there actually are similarities between the method of reflective equilibrium and the course of public debates, since they both are characterized by the fact that viewpoints are mutually scrutinized in the light of one another. Further, it is argued that a more systematic applying of the method of reflective equilibrium would further the justification force of the outcome of public debates, since the method stresses the need of rationality and the importance of taking all relevant opinions into consideration. Therefore, the conclusion is that applying reflective equilibrium to public debates could make the political decision-making more democratic.

  • 47.
    Baldwin, Pauline, Pia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Dagens gudstjänst i Svenska kyrkan och hur man åskådliggör evangeliet på bästa sätt och gör det tillgängligt för alla2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen ska ge en bild av de olika förhållningssätten till gudstjänsten som finns inom Svenska kyrkan som i sitt uppdrag har att föra ut evangeliet. Det är gudstjänstens förhållande till den Augsburgska bekännelsen, här främst inriktat på den IV, V och den VII av de förnämsta trosartiklarna som ska utläggas. Vilka konsekvenser får då de skilda synsätten som råder i gudstjänstens utformning och gestaltning? Några av de modeller som finns kommer att redovisas, från den renodlade högkyrkliga till dagens aktuella former som består av en blandning av tidigare inriktningar tillsammans med nya koncept. Slutligen ställer jag också frågan om Svenska kyrkans uppgift och betydelse för dagens människa och hur hon lever upp till sin önskan och vision att nå ”alla” människor med evangeliet.

    Sv.kyrkan är en evangelisk-luthersk bekännelsekyrka och min frågeställning i denna uppsats är hur och om Sv.kyrkan lever upp till detta ideal eller inte. Givetvis kan jag inte ge ett rakt och konkret svar på hur Sv.kyrkan på bästa sätt lever upp till sitt uppdrag, men uppsatsen kan väcka tankar över Sv.kyrkans uppgift och betydelse i dagens samhälle.

    De förnämsta trosartiklarna i den Augsburgska bekännelsen utgör tillsammans med de tre versionerna av trosbekännelsen, den apostoliska, nicaenska och den athanasianska, är kärnpunkten av Sv.kyrkans bekännelseskrifter som varandes evangelisk-luthersk bekännelsekyrka.

    Gudstjänsten är det centrala i gestaltningen av Sv.kyrkans tro, bekännelse och lära. Den Augsburgska bekännelsen bör betraktas som den gudstjänstfirande församlingens dokument som är nyckeln till evangeliets bruk som har sin grund i gudstjänstens bekännelse som slår vakt om en rätt gudstjänst, alltså är det själva gudstjänsten som gestaltar Sv.kyrkans tro och bekännelse. Luther såg gudstjänstfirandet som det säkra kännetecknet och helgelsemedlet.

    Sv.kyrkan har den Augsburgska bekännelsen som riktlinje och ledning i sitt arbete och bland de främsta trosartiklarna finner vi den IV som beskriver den tro som leder till en rättfärdighet inför Gud. Därefter följer den V trosartikeln som visar att det är genom det inrättade predikoämbetet som förmedlar Ordet, evangeliet och sakramenten som skänker den heliga Anden och frambringar den rätta tron. Som en motbild beskrivs de som tror att den heliga Anden kan komma till människorna genom deras egna ansträngningar, utan det utvärtes ordets förmedling. Av detta kan man dra slutsatsen att prästämbetet i Sv.kyrkan har ett stort ansvar i sin utövning av sitt ämbete. Detta bekräftar den VII trosartikeln ytterligare där kyrkan beskrivs som de heligas samfund där evangeliet rent förkunnas och sakramenten rätt förvaltas.

  • 48.
    Beckman, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Augustinus predestinationslära och människans fria vilja2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is mainly a discussion of Augustine’s combination of the idea that human beings have a free will with his doctrine of predestination. According to the definitions of “determinism” and “free will” suggested in this paper, the actuality of predestination excludes the possibility of human free will. Since Augustine takes starting-point in his belief in God and his assumptions about the attributes of God and human beings, such a conclusion is impossible for him. The actuality of both predestination and human free will is an important feature of his view of the relationship between human beings and God. This paper investigates how Augustine’s line of argument in De Libero Arbitrio (On Free Choice of the Will) manages to hold against a modern criticism. The primary aim is to show why Augustine’s assumption that human beings have free will is inconsistent with his assumption that God has predestined all events of the world.

  • 49.
    Beckman, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Richard Swinburne's Inductive Argument for the Existence of God – A Critical Analysis2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses and criticizes Richard Swinburne's inductive argument for the existence of God. In his The Existence of God, Swinburne aims at showing that the existence of God is more probable than not. This is an argument taking into consideration the premises of all traditional arguments for the existence of God. Swinburne uses the phenomena and events that constitute the premises of these arguments as evidence in an attempt to show that his hypothesis is more probably true than nor. Swinburne pursues this task by way of applying Bayes' theorem. The aim of this essay is normative - to judge the strength of Swinburne's argument for the existence of God. My primary objections towards Swinburne is that he professes a subjective concept of probability, that he relies too heavily on simplicity as a virtue of plausible and probable hypotheses and that his concept of God involves an incoherent picture of God's nature. I question not only the actual success of Swinburne's project but what his argument, if it had been successful, would have been able to establish.

  • 50.
    Beckman, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture.
    Superveniens och dess plats inom anomal monism: En analys av debatten mellan Donald Davidson och Jaegwon Kim2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the debate between Donald Davidson and Jaegwon Kim concerning Davidsons idea of the supervenience of the mental upon the physical. This thought is part of Davidson's general theory of the relation between mind and body; anomalous monism. The author asks wherther Kim is right that mental supervenience is insufficient to gurantee the mental causal power. The paper analyses the standpoints of both philosophers, especially regarding their definitions of "supervenience" and argues that Kim, to some extent, can be said to have misunderstood Davidson's notion of supervenience. Kim has offered definitons of "weak" and "strong" supervenience and interpreted Davidsons supervenience as being of the kind last mentioned. The author takes a standpoint opposite of Kim's and argues that Davidson's notion of supervenience is better understood as weak supervenience, but at the same time notes that it is by no means obvious that Davidsons supervenience can be said to belong to either of these categories since these refer to "possible worlds", which Davidson refuses to accept.

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