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  • 1.
    Aguirre, Elias
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vem lägger livspusslet?: På jakt efter livspusslets innebörder i media 2009-20112012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies the concept of "livspusslet", a term in swedish that directly translates as "the jigsaw puzzle of life". In recent public debate it has been used to articulate issues concerning the combination of family life and a professional career. The empirical material consists of newspaper articles from nationwide daily newspapers Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet between 2009 and 2011. The concept of "livspusslet" relates to the debate about family values, gender equality and the public view on the issue of combining family life with a career. The widespread use of the concept indicates that the social practices surrounding the debate over family policy is shifting. This essay aims to answer questions of what meanings the concept of "livspusslet" is filled with in the studied articles, who has the legitimacy to articulate the problems surrounding the combination of family life and a career and it what matter the meanings of the concept changes from one article to another.

  • 2.
    Ahlner, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Thisell, Felicia
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Kultur i förändring: En vidgad syn på kultursektorn och dess roll för samhället2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can you do a right measurement of culture as well as with other social sectors and with what can culture contribute when it comes to a town´s development? We found out that in Linköping the regional federation Ostsam recently (2005) started mapping the region's creative centers in order to look into the spreading of the culture in the county, and then use the uniqueness of the culture as an advantage in society- planning contexts. The reason was that both municipal - and State directions detected that the culture has a broader importance when it comes to building up society and infrastructure than earlier considered. This is called Cultural planning and is the foundation- method that Östsam used when working with their new projekt The creative sector. The outcome of the Östsam study resulted in an exciting study basis to work further on with and to examine through own demarcations and directions.

    This research manages the matter of the creative sector as an extension to the cultural sector. Our aim with this report is to find out the concept of the creative sector, what it stands for, and also to look into how the creative sector runs in practice.

  • 3.
    Altintzoglou, Euripides
    et al.
    University of Wolverhampton.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Revolt and Revolution: The Protester in the 21st Century2015In: Revolt and Revolution: The Protester in the 21st Century / [ed] Martin Fredriksson & Euripides Altintzoglou, Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015, p. vii-ixChapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Colonial Differences in Intercultural Education: On Interculturality in the Andes and the Decolonization of Intercultural Dialogue2017In: Comparative Education Review, ISSN 0010-4086, E-ISSN 1545-701X, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 103-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay seeks to wean interculturality from its comfort zone of flat substitutability across cultural differences by pushing for the possibility of other ways of thinking about the concept depending on where (the geopolitics of knowledge) and by whom (the bodypolitics of knowledge) it is being articulated. In order to make a case for the importance of always considering the geopolitical and bodypolitical dimension of knowledge production within interculturality, this essay shifts focus away from policies of the European Union and UNESCO to the Andean region of Latin America. In that part of the world the notion of interculturalidad – translation: interculturality – is not only a subject on the educational agenda, it has also become a core component among indigenous social movements in their push for decolonization. With reference points drawn from a decolonial perspective and the concept of “colonial difference”, this essay makes the case that interculturalidad, with its roots in the historical experience of colonialism and in the particular, rather than in assertions of universality, offers another perspective on interculturality bringing into the picture other epistemologies. It concludes by arguing for the requirement to start seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

  • 5.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning.
    Decolonising Intercultural Education : Colonial Differences, the Geopolitics of Knowledge, and Inter-Epistemic Dialogue2017 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the centre of Decolonising Intercultural Education is a simple yet fundamental question: is it possible to learn from the Other? This book argues that many recent efforts to theorise interculturality restrict themselves to a variety of interpretations within a Western framework of knowledge, which does not necessarily account for the epistemological diversity of the world.

    The book suggests an alternative definition of interculturality, framed not in terms of cultural differences, but in terms of colonial difference. It brings analysis of the Latin American concept of interculturalidad into the picture and explores the possibility of decentring the discourse of interculturality and its Eurocentric outlook, seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

    Decolonising Intercultural Education will be of interest to educational practitioners, researchers and postgraduate students in in the areas of education, postcolonial studies, Latin American studies and social sciences.

  • 6.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Education and other modes of thinking in Latin America2015In: International Journal of Lifelong Education, ISSN 0260-1370, E-ISSN 1464-519X, Vol. 34, no 01, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If the production of knowledge in Latin America has long been subject to imperial designs and disseminated through educational systems, recent interventions —from liberation theology, popular education, participatory action research, alternative communication and critical literacy to postcolonial critique and decolonial options—have sought to shift the geography of reason. The central question to be addressed is how, in times of historical ruptures, political reconstructions and epistemic formations, the production of paradigms rooted in ‘other’ logics, cosmologies and realities may renegotiate and redefine concepts of education, learning and knowledge.

  • 7.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Impossible Interculturality?: Education and the Colonial Difference in a Multicultural World2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of educational policies, academic studies, and university courses today propagate ‘interculturality’ as a method for approaching ‘the Other’ and reconciling universal values and cultural specificities. Based on a thorough discussion of Europe’s colonial past and the hierarchies of knowledge that colonialism established, this dissertation interrogates the definitions of intercultural knowledge put forth by EU policy discourse, academic textbooks on interculturality, and students who have completed a university course on the subject. Taking a decolonial approach that makes its central concern the ways in which differences are formed and sustained through references to cultural identities, this study shows that interculturality, as defined in these texts, runs the risk of affirming a singular European outlook on the world, and of elevating this outlook into a universal law. Contrary to its selfproclaimed goal of learning from the Other, interculturality may in fact contribute to the repression of the Other by silencing those who are already muted. The dissertation suggests an alternative definition of interculturality, which is not framed in terms of cultural differences but in terms of colonial difference. This argument is substantiated by an analysis of the Latin American concept of interculturalidad, which derives from the struggles for public and political recognition among indigenous social movements in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. By bringing interculturalidad into the picture, with its roots in the particular and with strong reverberations of the historical experience of colonialism, this study explores the possibility of decentring the discourse of interculturality and its Eurocentric outlook. In this way, the dissertation argues that an emancipation from colonial legacies requires that we start seeing interculturality as inter-epistemic rather than simply inter-cultural.

    List of papers
    1. The EU and the Recycling of Colonialism: Formation of Europeans through intercultural dialogue
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The EU and the Recycling of Colonialism: Formation of Europeans through intercultural dialogue
    2012 (English)In: Educational Philosophy and Theory, ISSN 0013-1857, E-ISSN 1469-5812, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1010-1023Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The present essay focuses on problematizing the European Union’s claim that interculturaldialogue constitutes an advocated method of talking through cultural boundaries—inside as wellas outside the classroom—based on mutual empathy and non-domination. More precisely, theaim is to analyze who is being constructed as counterparts of the intercultural dialogue throughthe discourse produced by the EU in policies on education, culture and intercultural dialogue.Within the Union, Europeans are portrayed as having an a priori historical existence, whilethe ones excluded from this notion are evoked to demonstrate its difference in comparison to theEuropean one.The results show that subjects not considered as Europeans serve as markers of themulticultural present of the space. Thus, intercultural dialogue seems to consolidate differencesbetween European and Other—the‘We’ and ‘Them’ in the dialogue—rather than, as in line withits purpose, bringing subjects together.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
    Keywords
    postcolonialism, European Union, EU, intercultural dialogue, intercultural education, multiculturalism, multicultural education
    National Category
    Educational Sciences Languages and Literature Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76574 (URN)10.1111/j.1469-5812.2011.00839.x (DOI)000310474700009 ()
    Available from: 2012-04-11 Created: 2012-04-11 Last updated: 2018-01-12
    2. In the Name of Interculturality: On Colonial Legacies in Intercultural Education
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the Name of Interculturality: On Colonial Legacies in Intercultural Education
    2015 (English)In: British Educational Research Journal, ISSN 0141-1926, E-ISSN 1469-3518, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 520-534Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper scrutinises the ways in which students who have completed a university course on interculturality distinguish between sameness and otherness in attempts to integrate, relate to and build a bridge to those deemed culturally different. It makes use of interviews to analyse the factors that shape the interpretation of otherness and difference in the students’ definitions of interculturality, as well as their statements about the relationships between us and them, and descriptions of instances of learning and teaching that have taken place between parties in different parts of the world. Theoretically, the paper is based on a postcolonial framework, highlighting the continuing influence of colonialism and Eurocentric ways of reasoning inside as well as outside the classroom in today’s society. One of the main conclusions of the paper is that in the process of transferring knowledge, there is a risk that the history of modern Europe will be sanctioned as the historical trajectory for the rest of the world to follow, with the accompanying supposition that this can only be made possible by extending a helping hand to the Other.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Wiley & Sons, 2015
    National Category
    Educational Sciences Cultural Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106243 (URN)10.1002/berj.3153 (DOI)000356625000009 ()
    Note

    On the day fo the defence date, the status of this article was Manuscript.

    Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
    3. Three Texts on Intercultural Education and a Critique of Border Drawing
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three Texts on Intercultural Education and a Critique of Border Drawing
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the ways in which boundaries of estrangement are produced in the academic literature assigned for courses on interculturality. As the existence of interculturality is dependent on the ascription of content to culture, since the notion, by definition, always involves more than one singular culture, this essay seeks to provide an answer to the question of what this literature implicitly defines in terms of sameness vis-à-vis otherness and thereby chart the conditions for becoming intercultural. This question is especially important because theself in interculturality has to be, in principle, generalizable: it should be such that it signifies a position available for occupation by anybody with proper training in this approach. Starting from the assumption that different experiences, languages and identities, under the name of culture already intersect, and are contaminated by, one another, and are therefore already intercultural before being subjected to study under the auspices of ‘interculturality’ as an educational topic, the essay goes on toproblematize the way in which interculturality tends to construe sameness and difference along national lines and does little to cater for multiple, as opposed to national, or other unified, identities.

    National Category
    Educational Sciences Cultural Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106244 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2014-04-30Bibliographically approved
    4. Why Interculturalidad is not Interculturality Colonial remains and paradoxes in translation between indigenous social movements and supranational bodies
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why Interculturalidad is not Interculturality Colonial remains and paradoxes in translation between indigenous social movements and supranational bodies
    2015 (English)In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 205-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Interculturality is a notion that has come to dominate the debate on cultural diversity among supranational bodies such as the European Union and UNESCO in recent years. The EU goes so far as to identify interculturality as a key cultural and linguistic characteristic of a union which, it argues, acts as an inspiration to other parts of the world. At the same time, the very notion of interculturality is a core component of indigenous movements in the Andean region of Latin America in their struggles for decolonization. Every bit as contingent as any other concept, it is apparent that several translations of interculturality are simultaneously in play. Through interviews with students and teachers in a course on interculturality run by indigenous alliances, my aim in this essay is to study how the notion is translated in the socio-political context of the Andes. With reference points drawn from the works of Walter Mignolo and the concept of delinking, I will engage in a discussion about the potential for interculturality to break out of the prison-house of colonial vocabulary – modernization, progress, salvation – that lingers on in official memory. Engagement in such an interchange of experiences, memories and significations provides not only recognition of other forms of subjectivity, knowledge systems and visions of the future but also a possible contribution to an understanding of how any attempt to invoke a universal reach for interculturality, as in the case of the EU and UNESCO, risks echoing the imperial order that the notion in another context attempts to overcome. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2015
    Keywords
    interculturality; indigenous movements; delinking; modernity; coloniality; European Union
    National Category
    Educational Sciences Cultural Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105523 (URN)10.1080/09502386.2014.899379 (DOI)000347522000006 ()
    Available from: 2014-03-26 Created: 2014-03-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05
  • 8.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    In the Name of Interculturality: On Colonial Legacies in Intercultural Education2015In: British Educational Research Journal, ISSN 0141-1926, E-ISSN 1469-3518, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 520-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper scrutinises the ways in which students who have completed a university course on interculturality distinguish between sameness and otherness in attempts to integrate, relate to and build a bridge to those deemed culturally different. It makes use of interviews to analyse the factors that shape the interpretation of otherness and difference in the students’ definitions of interculturality, as well as their statements about the relationships between us and them, and descriptions of instances of learning and teaching that have taken place between parties in different parts of the world. Theoretically, the paper is based on a postcolonial framework, highlighting the continuing influence of colonialism and Eurocentric ways of reasoning inside as well as outside the classroom in today’s society. One of the main conclusions of the paper is that in the process of transferring knowledge, there is a risk that the history of modern Europe will be sanctioned as the historical trajectory for the rest of the world to follow, with the accompanying supposition that this can only be made possible by extending a helping hand to the Other.

  • 9.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Interculturalism, Geopolitics of Knowledge and the Colonial Difference2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Kista folkhögskola - den första muslimska folkhögskolan2011In: Mångfaldig (folk)bildning för det offentliga samtalet?: Tre minoriteters egna bildningsverksamheter / [ed] Robert Aman, Lisbeth Eriksson, Martin Lundberg, Thomas Winman, Stockholm: Folkbildningsrådet , 2011, p. 49-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är resultatet av ett ettårigt forskningsprojekt som Folkbildningsrådet finansierat. Projektet har genomförts av en grupp forskare vid Linköpings universitet: Lisbeth Eriksson, Martin Lundberg, Thomas Winman och Robert Aman.Forskarna undersöker hur olika religiösa och etniska gruppers skapande av “egna” folkbildande verksamheter kan förstås. I rapporten beskrivs de processer som lett fram till etablerandet av Kista folkhögskola, Agnesbergs folkhögskola, studieförbundet Ibn Rushd samt Samernas utbildningscentrum.

  • 11.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish Colonialism, Exotic Africans and Romantic Anti-Capitalism: Notes on the Comic Series Johan Vilde2016In: Third Text, ISSN 0952-8822, E-ISSN 1475-5297, Vol. 30, no 1-2, p. 60-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The award-winning Johan Vilde comic series deals with what has been referred to as a concealed part of Swedish history – namely Sweden’s involvement in the slave trade during the seventeenth century. The protagonist is a cabin boy on a Swedish merchant ship who is forced to escape after being accused of mutiny. After jumping ship, he floats ashore in Cabo Corso – located in modern-day Ghana – where he is eventually adopted by a local clan and grows up in an African kingdom. From there, he will go on to witness the harshness and brutality of the slave trade with his own eyes. Comprising four albums published between 1977 and 1982, the comic aligns itself with, and is a prime popular cultural example of, what can be classified in broad terms as a wave of international solidarity movements in Sweden. What this essay discusses is how the anti-colonial and anti-capitalist underpinnings of the Johan Vilde series rekindle a much older Romanticist position. This essay will argue that this well-intended ethically dimension of attempting to subvert the imperially established border between civilisation and where the wild things roam also relies on a position produced by colonial discourse. 

  • 12.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Three Texts on Intercultural Education and a Critique of Border DrawingManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores the ways in which boundaries of estrangement are produced in the academic literature assigned for courses on interculturality. As the existence of interculturality is dependent on the ascription of content to culture, since the notion, by definition, always involves more than one singular culture, this essay seeks to provide an answer to the question of what this literature implicitly defines in terms of sameness vis-à-vis otherness and thereby chart the conditions for becoming intercultural. This question is especially important because theself in interculturality has to be, in principle, generalizable: it should be such that it signifies a position available for occupation by anybody with proper training in this approach. Starting from the assumption that different experiences, languages and identities, under the name of culture already intersect, and are contaminated by, one another, and are therefore already intercultural before being subjected to study under the auspices of ‘interculturality’ as an educational topic, the essay goes on toproblematize the way in which interculturality tends to construe sameness and difference along national lines and does little to cater for multiple, as opposed to national, or other unified, identities.

  • 13.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    When The Phantom Became an Anticolonialist: Socialist Ideology, Swedish Exceptionalism, and the Embodiment of Foreign Policy2018In: Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, ISSN 2150-4857, E-ISSN 2150-4865, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Phantom, an American comic about a superhero of British heritage set in a fictional African country, is held in highest esteem elsewhere, regarded as a national institution in Australia, New Zealand and much of Scandinavia. Since the early 1960s, officially licensed scripts have been produced by the Swedish-based scriptwriters of ‘Team Fantomen’ who today remain the major suppliers of adventures to the Phantom comics around the world. This essay suggests that this shift in the scripts’ geographical origin also altered the politics of the comic: in the hands of Team Fantomen, the masked hero is instilled with political doctrines reflected in Swedish foreign policy during the late 1960s and early 1970s. This ideological shift means that the masked hero moves away from the role of colonialist fantasy prevalent in the American scripts to become a supporter of decolonization, social justice, and equality. The Phantom becomes an avatar of democratic socialist ideology, the episodes offering a direct commentary on Sweden’s perception of its own role in the world as a leading proponent of international solidarity.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-10-04 16:42
  • 14.
    Aman, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Why Interculturalidad is not Interculturality Colonial remains and paradoxes in translation between indigenous social movements and supranational bodies2015In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 205-228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interculturality is a notion that has come to dominate the debate on cultural diversity among supranational bodies such as the European Union and UNESCO in recent years. The EU goes so far as to identify interculturality as a key cultural and linguistic characteristic of a union which, it argues, acts as an inspiration to other parts of the world. At the same time, the very notion of interculturality is a core component of indigenous movements in the Andean region of Latin America in their struggles for decolonization. Every bit as contingent as any other concept, it is apparent that several translations of interculturality are simultaneously in play. Through interviews with students and teachers in a course on interculturality run by indigenous alliances, my aim in this essay is to study how the notion is translated in the socio-political context of the Andes. With reference points drawn from the works of Walter Mignolo and the concept of delinking, I will engage in a discussion about the potential for interculturality to break out of the prison-house of colonial vocabulary – modernization, progress, salvation – that lingers on in official memory. Engagement in such an interchange of experiences, memories and significations provides not only recognition of other forms of subjectivity, knowledge systems and visions of the future but also a possible contribution to an understanding of how any attempt to invoke a universal reach for interculturality, as in the case of the EU and UNESCO, risks echoing the imperial order that the notion in another context attempts to overcome. 

  • 15.
    Aman, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lundberg, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Winman, Thomas
    Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialpedagogik och sociolog, Högskolan i Väst.
    Mångfaldig (folk)bildning för det offentliga samtalet?: Tre minoriteters egna bildningsverksamheter2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Folkbildningen i Sverige har, i en mening, varit oförändrad under lång tid, men som vi ser det sker nu ett trendbrott. Nya intressenter eller nya aktörer börjar ta andelar av den begränsade statsbidragsberättigade folkbildningen. Vad kommer det att leda till? Många inom folkbildningen talar i dag om att folkbildningen är omodern och vi undrar om nyetablerandet av folkbildningsverksamhet är ett tecken på det eller finns det helt andra utgångspunkter för denna (Eriksson, 2008)?

    Det övergripande syftet med studien är att få en fördjupad förståelse av vad det är som händer. Vi är intresserade av två olika frågeställningar. Den första handlar om varför. Vad finns det för motiv och bevekelsegrunder bakom olika etniska eller religiösa gruppers skapande av ”egna” folkbildande verksamheter? Vad är det som gör att de väljer en segregerad organisatorisk lösning framför en integrerad sådan?

    Den andra frågan rör processen. Vi vill beskriva den process som lett fram till att muslimer, romer och samer agerar på detta sätt. Här är både processen inom grupperna och processen i samhället av intresse. Vi ställer oss frågan om det finns någon relation mellan dessa processer. Finns det företeelser i samhället i stort som kan förklara vad som sker inom folkbildningen och vice versa? Det är också av intresse att se om det finns likheter eller olikheter i de olika gruppernas processer.

    Frågorna kan preciseras på följande sätt:

    1. Hur kan olika religiösa och etniska gruppers skapande av ”egna” folkbildande verksamheter förstås?
    2. Hur kan den process som lett fram till detta beskrivas; dels utifrån vad som skett och sker i samhället, dels utifrån de olika gruppernas perspektiv?

    För att kunna besvara dessa frågor har vi studerat fyra olika fall, fyra empiriska exempel. Som vi nämnt tidigare har vi valt att studera det romska initiativet att starta en egen folkhögskola i Agnesberg utanför Göteborg, det muslimska initiativet i Kista utanför Stockholm att göra detsamma samt det muslimska studieförbundet Ibn Rushd. Vi har dessutom valt att studera samernas situation i detta sammanhang.Muslimerna och romerna har valts med anledning av deras initiativ till egen folkbildande verksamhet, medan samerna valts då deras utveckling skulle kunna tolkas som den motsatta. De har tidigare haft en egen folkhögskola som nu avvecklats. Samerna har status av att vara en nationell minoritet, vilket även romerna har, men inte muslimerna.  Muslimer, romer och samer är dock alla tre exempel på  minoritetsgrupper i det svenska samhället. Detta aktualiserar frågor kring mångkultur, integration/segregation och majoritetssamhällets möte med minoritetsgrupper.

  • 16.
    Aman, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ireland, TimothyFederal University of Paraiba, Brazil.
    Education and Other Modes of Thinking in Latin America2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After long periods of military dictatorships, civil wars, and economic instability, Latin America has changed face, and become the foremost region for counter-hegemonic processes. This book seeks to address contemporary paradigms of education and learning in Latin America. Although the production of knowledge in the region has long been subject to imperial designs and disseminated through educational systems, recent interventions – from liberation theology, popular education, and critical literacy to postcolonial critique and decolonial options – have sought to shift the geography of reason.

    Over the last decades, several Latin American communities have countered this movement by forming some of the most dynamic and organised forms of resistance: from the landless movements in Brazil to the Zapatistas in the Chiapas region of Mexico, from the indigenous social movements in Bolivia to Venezuela’s Chavistas, to mention but a few. The central question to be addressed is how, in times of historical ruptures, political reconstructions, and epistemic formations, the production of paradigms rooted in ‘other’ logics, cosmologies, and realities may renegotiate and redefine concepts of education, learning, and knowledge. Consequently, this book transcends disciplinary, epistemological, and methodological boundaries in education and learning by engagement with ‘other’ paradigms. 

  • 17.
    Andersson, Joakim
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skilda världar: Samtida föreställningar om kulturarvsplatser2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural heritage sites can be looked at differently by different people. These sites also carry collective understandings of how they should be understood. Between these two outsets there are negotiations of the sites’ meaning and value. The aim of this thesis is to understand how a place, institutionally pointed out as cultural heritage, is used and staged through diverse and intersecting practices, both through media and on the heri-tage site.

    Two differently oriented cases are researched within Swedish cultural heritage preservation: one the birthplace of Carolus Linnaeus, the botanist, which is a cultural reservation located at Råshult in the south of Sweden, and the other a commissioned archaeological project called Slättbygdsprojektet in Östergötland in mid Sweden. The questions concern on what arenas the mediation happens, its theme/content, the staging of the cultural heritage, as well as the visitors’ experiences and the strategic actors’ visions of the site. Methodically I follow both a fictive visitor’s way to the heritage site and actual visitors on site.

    Both in Slättbygdsprojektet and at Linnés Råshult the collective understandings of the sites are mainly viewed as a place for scientific study and a treasure chamber for especially valuable objects. The visitors especially highlight the social aspects of their visit. The visitors’ interpretation exists and competes with other images. However, there are no arenas that can make them visible, to put them in relation with the strategic actors, despite much public speech in recent years about democratizing cultural heri-tage processes. Images of different researched materials of the site have been juxta-posed to make visible the dynamic, negotiations, competition and lack of dialogue about cultural heritage sites.

  • 18.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Comparing National Museums: Methodological Reflections2008In: NaMu IV: Comparing: National Museums,Territories, Nation-Building and Change / [ed] Peter Aronsson; Andreas Nyblom, Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008, p. 5-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article sets out to define the need for comparing national museums as complex cultural processes. To do this questions are developed that concern the workings of institutions as arenas for cultural policy and identity politics in relation to central fields of knowledge. Methodological considerations for designing a comparative project are presented; and finally four fields of comparative endeavours related to different sets of state-making processes are presented:

    An all-encompassing European comparison (including colonial endeavours) on the path taken by various nations to establish the place of national museums and the role they play in the creation of community.

    An in-depth study of how the national display in a selection of countries creates visions of cultural community. How do they deal with differences and belongings on a super-national level and how do they relate to regional differences?

    From a citizens’ perspective the intentions of cultural policy or institutional ambitions might be of little importance. This part will simulate visitor experience of national narratives in a comparative selection of capitals from project one; in order to develop an understanding of how citizen experience relates to the more structural findings in the other sub-projects and hence map in what directions citizenship and community are moving through contemporary displays of national community.

    The place of national museums in changing knowledge regimes.

  • 19.
    Arvanitakis, James
    et al.
    Graduate Research School, Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schillings, Sonja
    Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Germany.
    Bellamy’s Rage and Beer’s Conscience: Pirate Methodologies and the Contemporary University2017In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 09, no 3, p. 260-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade piracy has emerged as a growing field of research covering a wide range of different phenomena, from fashion counterfeits and media piracy, through to 17th century buccaneers and present-day pirates off the coast of Somalia. In many cases piracy can be a metaphor or an analytical perspective to understand conflicts and social change. This article relates this fascination with piracy as a practice and a metaphor to academia and asks what a pirate methodology of knowledge production could be: how, in other words, researchers and educators can be understood as ‘pirates’ to the corporate university. Drawing on the history of maritime piracy as well as on a discussion on contemporary pirate libraries that disrupt proprietary publishing, the article explores the possibility of a pirate methodology as a way of acting as a researcher and relating to existing norms of knowledge production. The methodology of piratical scholarship involves exploiting the grey zones and loopholes of contemporary academia. It is a tactical intervention that exploits short term opportunities that arise in the machinery of academia to the strategic end of turning a limiting structure into an enabling field of opportunities. We hope that such a concept of pirate methodologies may help us reflect on how sustainable and constructive approaches to knowledge production emerge in the context of a critique of the corporate university. 

  • 20.
    Axell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Boström, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden.
    Preschoolers’ Conceptions of Technological Artefacts and Gender in Picture Books2016In: PATT-32 Proceedings Technology Education for 21st Century Skills / [ed] J. de Vries, Arien Bekker-Holtland and Gerald van Dijk, ITEEA , 2016, p. 57-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Picture books are a frequent element of daily preschool activities (Damber, Nilsson & Ohlsson, 2013; Simonsson, 2004; SOU 2006:75). They are important pedagogical tools that can help children acquire an understanding of the everyday technology they come in contact with, as well as the human application of technology (Axell, 2015; Axell & Boström, 2015). These are skills that are emphasised in the Swedish preschool curriculum. In the curriculum it is also stated that the preschool should counteract traditional gender patterns and gender roles (Skolverket, 2010). However, an investigation of a selection of picture books aimed at preschool children shows that the books content is somewhat problematic. Many of the picture books provide a focus on the function of separate artefacts without any sort of context or explanation of their implications in a societal context. There also tends to be an emphasis on traditional masculine-coded technology in the books. Building and making and working with machines is depicted as a male activity. The male stereotype is essentially connected with different kinds of vehicles like cars, airplanes, motorbikes, tractors etc. (Axell & Boström, 2015; See also Holbrok, 2008). Based on these previous findings, the aim of this pilot study was to obtain an initial concept about how children’s literature may influence preschool children’s view on technological artefacts. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with four five-year-olds, two girls and two boys. Through a thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) three overarching themes were identified: The relationship between design and function, anthropomorphic animals as users of artefacts, and gender and artefacts. Some of the key findings were that the 5-year-olds did not know what “technology” is, but had good knowledge about tools. Additionally, they did not genderise any of the artefacts included in the study.

  • 21.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sound machine through city space:: The sprawled studio and the signature at the center2010In: Konst genom staden/Art through city space / [ed] Axelsson Bodil & Becker karin, Linköping: Linköpings universitet, Tema kultur och samhälle , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this project was to develop arts-based research involving, in various ways, urban space and its inhabitants. The project title — ‘art through city space’ — suggests movement and flow, as well as a perspective. Thus, the space of the city provided a conceptual framework for developing works that engaged with far larger issues than those conventionally associated with art in public space. The project participants were Johan Berglund, Jonas Dahlberg, Göran Dahlberg and Esther Shalev-Gerz, as well as researchers Bodil Axelsson and Karin Becker.  As initially formulated, ‘Art through City Space’ was to address issues concerning the place of art in contemporary urban space. The idea was that the work developed in the project would, in one way or another, be ‘public art’ even as it was expected to challenge and contest traditional views of the place of art in public space. Through the process and the artworks that were realised over the three-year period, the artistic research process led the project group into a range of other questions and practices central to contemporary urban life.

  • 22.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Becker, Karin
    Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation, Stockholms universitet.
    Art through City Space2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This internet publication shows extracts from four works that interrogate and engage the space of the city. The publication also present participant’s reflections over the evolvement of their work, and where it landed. Two researchers, two artists, a photographer and a writer participate. The overall project – Art through City Space – suggests movement and flow, as well as a perspective, leading the artists, and the project participants into a range of questions and practices central to contemporary urban life.

    Click on the titles placed upon the image to navigate between texts and artistic works. 

  • 23.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dupont, ChristineHouse of European History, European Parliament.Kesteloot, ChantalCentre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Contemporary Society, Brussels.
    Entering Two Minefields: Research for Policy-Making and the Creation of New History Museums in Europe2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All over Europe, the founding of new history museums brings to the fore questions as to which stories should be told, which objects should be put on display, for what audiences and with what results and future possibilities. This collection of papers brings together reflections on the nature and roles of history museums on a general level with reports from case studies in Brussels, Berlin, Warsaw and Paris. The cases dwell on the challenges and negotiations of collections, communities and citizenship that arise when polities create new museums. How to balance political and intellectual concerns? The report starts out with the intersection between policy and research, including interventions from the European Commission and reflections on the balancing acts involved in producing research with policy relevance. The conference and the report were co-produced by EuNaMus and the House of European History.

    The conference proceedings are produced within the three-year research programme EuNaMus – European National Museums: Identity Politics, the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen, coordinated at Tema Q at Linköping University (www.eunamus.eu). EuNaMus explores the creation and power of the heritage created and presented by European national museums to the world, Europe and its states, as an unsurpassable institution in contemporary society. National museums are defined and explored as processes of institutionalized negotiations where material collections and displays make claims and are recognized as articulating and representing national values and realities. Questions asked in the project are why, by whom, when, with what material, with what result and future possibilities are this museums shaped.

  • 24.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kulturstudier i Sverige. Nationell forskarkonferens, 13-15 juni, 2005, Norrköping, Sweden2005Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ludvigsson, David
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of History, Tourism and Media. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johanna, Moa and I'm every lesbian: gender, sexuality and class in Norrköping's industrial landscape2018In: Gender and heritage: performance, place and politics / [ed] Wera Grahn, Ross J. Wilson, London: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 17-29Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we use the competing narratives and performances of four guided walks as the basis for a discussion of heritage in the intersection of gender, sexuality and class in the urban landscape of Norrköping, Sweden. Three of the walks focus on the life of straight, white, working-class women, while one offers a lesbian narrative thus disrupting the other walks. All the walks dealt with are part of recent projects to render female experiences visible so as to connect to current agendas and include them in the heritage for the future. They also testify to the difficulties of incorporating social complexity and intersectionality in heritage productions such as city walks.

  • 26.
    Axelsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tilltalande förflutenheter: Populärhistoria i medier2009In: Resultatdialog 2009.: Aktuell forskning om lärande, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2009, p. 20-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Beckman, Svante
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kultur2011In: Perspektiv på turism och resande: begrepp för en kritisk turismanalys / [ed] Josefina Syssner, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 119-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet ger en översikt av kulturbegreppets olika innebörder och användning med utgångspunkt från den historiska utvecklingen av begreppet sedan 1600-talet. Ursprunget finns det latinska ordet för odling. Det mycket varierade språkbruket "kultur" kan väsentligen återföras på fyra delvis överlappande huvudbetydelser av begreppet (1) det skönandliga eller civilisatoriska (2) det antropologiska (3) det artefaktiska och (4) det sektorsinriktade. Idéhistoriskt har begreppen etablerats i denna ordning. Kultur i betydelsen andlig odling - estetisk, vetenskaplig och intellektuell - eller ("finkultur") etableras under 1600-talet i Europa. Kultur i betydelsen av en sektor av samhället dyker upp först på 1900-talet. Kapitlet belyser hur kulturbegreppets olika huvudbetydelser avspeglas i samband med turism och hur man kan utnyttja begreppet för analys av turism. 

  • 28.
    Berg, Christoffer
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olsson, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Det roterande chefskapet i Åtvidabergs kommun: En studie av samspelet mellan kommunchefer och politiker ur ett maktperspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to shed light on the interplay between leaders and politicians at Åtvidabergs municipality, where they have a system of rotating leadership which consists of a group of five leaders where one at the time holds the position of the formal leader at two months intervals. The essay is based on qualitative interviews with both municipality leaders and politicians working in Åtvidaberg. We implement a perspective of power when we analyze our informants statements, especially by relating those to Dennis H. Wrongs forms of power.

  • 29.
    Bjurström, Erling
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Miles brygd, Kant och några anmäkrningar om smakens natur2013In: Tal, makt, vansinne: En vänbok till Ulf Olsson / [ed] Thomas Götselius, Caroline Haux, Jesper Olsson & Per Anders Wiktorsson, Höör: Symposion Brutus Östlings bokförlag, 2013, 1, p. 15-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Bjurström, Erling
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svenska Rikskonserter och kulturpolitikens estetik2018In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 21, no 1-2018, p. 73-93Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although aesthetics, primarily in the shape of the arts, can be seen as the raison d’etreof cultural policy, it is seldom in the forefront of cultural policy research. This article focuses on the aesthetics of Concerts Sweden, which was founded in 1968 and closed down in 2010. With the aim to give high quality music to all citizens around the country and its concentration on mobile concerts and the production of records, Concerts Sweden initially rested on a Bildung aesthetics thoroughly elaborated in the white papers underlying its foundation. This Bildung aesthetics was based on classical views on Bildung and the emergence of modern theories of aesthetics, from the late eighteenth century by foremost Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Schiller. Kant changed the way of looking at aesthetics, but in the 20th century his view on the a priori based universal character of aesthetical judgment lost its prior credibility. This is also reflected in the restricted aesthetic claims of most national cultural policies during the century, and in the history of Concerts Sweden (Svenska Rikskonserter), which musical-aesthetic platform changed when the aim to “counteract the negative effects of commercialism” was introduced as one of the goals of the new Swedish national cultural policy in 1974. With the support of this goal Concerts Sweden drifted away from the Bildung aesthetics prescribed for it in the white papers when it was founded, but without explicitly abandoning it. The history of Concerts Sweden shows that aesthetics had a stronger position in Swedish cultural policy prior to its reorganization in the 1970s, when it became more subordinated to political viewpoints. From this point of view, the Swedish cultural policy of music successively takes on a post-aesthetic character from the 1970s, in the sense that it no longer takes principle stands in matters of aesthetics, except in pragmatic ways, as when it for example comes to the assignment of subsidies based on judgments of aesthetical values or qualities.

  • 31.
    Bodén, Linnea
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Going with the affective flows of digital school absence text messages2017In: Learning, Media and Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 406-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on digital text messages containing information about students’ absences and sent to parents by schools, the paper investigates the way school absenteeism is produced within affective assemblages. The paper unfolds a theoretical and methodological approach of ‘going with’ the text messages, in entanglements of affective flows. The empirical engagements, produced together with multiple agents in two Swedish schools, show that within the assemblages of human and nonhuman bodies, the text messages can become ‘stirrers’ that evoke nervousness and anxiety, but also excitement and feelings of control that affect the production and conception of absenteeism. The affective flows of text messages thus travel in all directions, with and against notions of linearity. The conclusion emphasizes how the text messages, as affective materialities, are an inextricable part of the production of school absenteeism in multiple and sometimes unexpected ways.

  • 32.
    Cardell, David
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barnidrottens spridning, kulturindustrin och kulturstudiernas möjligheter2011In: Kulturstudier, kropp och idrott: perspektiv på fenomen i gränslandet mellan natur och kultur / [ed] Tolvhed, Helena & Cardell, David, Malmö: Idrottsforum.org , 2011, p. 85-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna antologi diskuteras idrott som ett föränderligt samhällsfenomen i gränslandet mellan kultur och natur. Bland annat diskuteras idrotts-hybrider inom turism- och kulturindustrin, som till exempel nöjesparker och lekland, och friluftslivets sportifiering som ett uttryck för samtida äventyrlig entreprenörskultur.

    Det kapitel som Klas Sandell (Friluftsliv i förändring och Karlstads universitet) skrivit, tillsammans med Johan Arnegård (Stockholms universitet), fokuserar två dagsaktuella tendenser i idrottens "gränstrakter" till delvis överlappande samhällsfenomen som sport, friluftsliv och naturturism. Dessa tendenser är friluftslivets sportifiering samt idrottsaktiviteternas frigörelse från landskapet. Med friluftslivets sportifiering avses tendensen att traditionella friluftsaktiviteter som att vandra, klättra eller paddla i naturpräglade landskap transformeras till tävling (multisport), samtidigt som nyare idrottsaktiviteter som brädsporter, kiting och glidflygning å andra sidan ofta karakteriseras av äventyr, upplevelser och tävlingskritiska förhållningssätt, traditionellt närliggande friluftsliv. 

    Mediers framställningar av dessa "livsstilsporter" poängterar också ofta upplevelse och känsla snarare än tävlingsresultat. Det nya språnget i idrottsaktiviteternas friställning från landskapet ("landskapsdekontextualisering") som man lyfter fram handlar om att den landskapsrationalitet som ligger i att standardisera de rumsliga förutsättningarna för att t.ex. springa ikapp, idka bollspel eller kasta spjut — och som sedan länge är helt integrerad i stora delar av idrotten — nu håller på att dramatiskt förändra referensramarna även för aktiviteter som traditionellt har behållit en starkt platsberoende landskapsanknytning. Detta är en tendens som vi kan se både i sedan länge etablerade fenomen som äventyrsbad och klätterväggar, men också i ännu så länge mer spekulativa varianter som skidåkning inomhus, såväl utför som på längden, forspaddlingsbanor med vattenpumpar och datorspel i fullskala.

  • 33.
    Cardell, David
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Family theme parks, happiness and children’s consumption: From roller-coasters to Pippi Longstocking2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides an ethnographic contribution to research on children’s consumption, family life and happiness. Various and shifting notions of happiness are explored, as well as conditions for and challenges to happiness, through an analysis of video-recorded interviews and mobile ethnography conducted in two of the most popular theme parks in Sweden. Initially, the study outlines how previous research has conceptualized happiness in association with time and place in a rather static way. Based on a treatise of notions of happiness in philosophy and the social sciences, there is a turn in this thesis towards practice. It generates fundamental knowledge about the complexity of happiness. By employing this approach, it is possible to highlight how happiness is enacted as part of and in relation to ideals of family life, time, childhood, money, consumption, experiences and material things. As we explore the practices of children and their families, we discover that shifting meanings of happiness are located in contemporary culture, where emotions and consumption are of central importance.

    The approach is interdisciplinary, and draws on theoretical and methodological contributions in sociology, anthropology and Science and Technology Studies (STS). Notions of meshwork and enactment become important for the exploration of happiness as a complex and changing matter, which productively involves social relations and material things. Throughout the thesis there is a dialogue with previous research on happiness, consumption and childhood which highlights the importance of exploring messy practices, in movement. It is argued that explorations of practice contribute to a critical understanding of how happiness and contemporary ideals of childhood can be approached – through consumption and as part of citizenship in a consumer society where happiness is of central importance.

  • 34.
    Cardell, David
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Prisbelönt studie av den amerikanska skejtarkulturen: Emily Chivers Yochim. Skate Life: Re-Imagining White Masculinity. 225 sidor, hft. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press 2010. ISBN 978-0-472-05080-22012In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 145Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Cardell, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tolvhed, Helena
    Malmö Högskola.
    Kulturstudier, idrott och forskningens utmaningar2011In: Kulturstudier, kropp och idrott: perspektiv på fenomen i gränslandet mellan natur och kultur / [ed] Tolvhed, Helena & Cardell, David, Malmö: Idrottsforum.org , 2011, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna antologi diskuteras idrott som ett föränderligt samhällsfenomen i gränslandet mellan kultur och natur. Bland annat diskuteras idrotts-hybrider inom turism- och kulturindustrin, som till exempel nöjesparker och lekland, och friluftslivets sportifiering som ett uttryck för samtida äventyrlig entreprenörskultur.

    Det kapitel som Klas Sandell (Friluftsliv i förändring och Karlstads universitet) skrivit, tillsammans med Johan Arnegård (Stockholms universitet), fokuserar två dagsaktuella tendenser i idrottens "gränstrakter" till delvis överlappande samhällsfenomen som sport, friluftsliv och naturturism. Dessa tendenser är friluftslivets sportifiering samt idrottsaktiviteternas frigörelse från landskapet. Med friluftslivets sportifiering avses tendensen att traditionella friluftsaktiviteter som att vandra, klättra eller paddla i naturpräglade landskap transformeras till tävling (multisport), samtidigt som nyare idrottsaktiviteter som brädsporter, kiting och glidflygning å andra sidan ofta karakteriseras av äventyr, upplevelser och tävlingskritiska förhållningssätt, traditionellt närliggande friluftsliv. 

    Mediers framställningar av dessa "livsstilsporter" poängterar också ofta upplevelse och känsla snarare än tävlingsresultat. Det nya språnget i idrottsaktiviteternas friställning från landskapet ("landskapsdekontextualisering") som man lyfter fram handlar om att den landskapsrationalitet som ligger i att standardisera de rumsliga förutsättningarna för att t.ex. springa ikapp, idka bollspel eller kasta spjut — och som sedan länge är helt integrerad i stora delar av idrotten — nu håller på att dramatiskt förändra referensramarna även för aktiviteter som traditionellt har behållit en starkt platsberoende landskapsanknytning. Detta är en tendens som vi kan se både i sedan länge etablerade fenomen som äventyrsbad och klätterväggar, men också i ännu så länge mer spekulativa varianter som skidåkning inomhus, såväl utför som på längden, forspaddlingsbanor med vattenpumpar och datorspel i fullskala.

  • 36.
    Carling, Gerd
    et al.
    Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet.
    Demetri, Mikael
    Södertörns högskola.
    Dimiter-Taikon, Angelina
    Södertörns högskola.
    Lindell, Lenny
    Schwartz, Allan
    Romer – 500 år i Sverige: språk, kultur, identitet2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Romani chib har talats i Sverige i 500 år. Det är inte ett enhetligt, väldefinierat språk, som man kan skriva en enkel grammatik om. Tvärtom, i Sverige talas en stor mängd väldigt olika varianter av romani chib. Några har talats här länge, andra bara en kort tid.

    Boken fokuserar på de tre varianter som har talats längst i Sverige: skandoromani, kelderash och kale. Förutom språken behandlar boken talarnas kultur och identitet, såväl historiskt som i nutid.

    Boken är ett resultat av det nationella ansvar för ämnet romani chib som 2008-2012 låg vid Linköpings universitet. Delar av boken har använts som läromedel på kurser i ämnet vid Linköpings universitet.

  • 37.
    Carlsson, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Biståndsorganisationers engagemang för barn runt om i världen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    De dog för att vi skulle leva: Rysslands patriotiska fostran och de levandes plikter mot de döda2014In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 25-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses military-patriotic education in Russia, focusing on the example of the nationwide search movement. This civil movement of volunteers is searching for the remains of fallen soldiers left on the battlefields from the Second World War all over Russia. The movement has young people as a main target group, and explicitly wants to make a contribution to the patriotic upbringing of Russia's young. In this work, the movement relates to the official government plans for patriotic education. As the prefix ‘military’ often is used, patriotic education can be seen as one aspect of civil-military relations. In both the government plans and within the search movement, a distinction tends to be made between ‘good’ patriotism and ‘bad’ nationalism, and the article discusses both these notions in the Soviet/Russian context. A number of obligations are central to the notion of patriotism: for the search movement, an obligation to the past, to remember, is the most important.

  • 39.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, ToveTove Form och Illustration, Norrköping.
    I rörelse / On the Move: Acsis Conference 2013, Norrköping 11-13 June2013Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are proud to welcome you to the conference On the Move. It is arranged by the Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden (ACSIS) which is a national center for interdisciplinary and international networking in cultural research. This is the fifth biannual ACSIS conference. All the conferences have had different themes connected to various aspects of cultural research. On the Move explores the “mobility turn,” starting within the social sciences, and it explores the evolution in media studies, cultural studies, sociology, ethnology, anthropology, tourism studies, literature studies and several other areas of cultural research.

    Papers explore movement and/or immobilization across a broad spectrum and within many contexts, from the micro-movements of streptococci to the mobile, or not so mobile, lives of artists and artistic productions, cosmopolitans, refugees and tourists. They address social, cultural and political movements as well as practices embodied in sports, dance and everyday life.

    In addition to the exploration of the spatial mobility of humans, organisms and objects, the circulation across time and space of representations and the vehicles for movement – topics at the heart of the mobility turn – this conference also presents plenary panels and sessions dealing with the transformation of cultural and social norms. The speakers will discuss and debate the changing values with regard to gender and normativity; motion and emotion; the prerequisites and practices of critical research and teaching; the historiography of Europe; and cultural production and consumption.

    In the spirit of internationalization we have decided to alternate between two English, whereas all session slots have English as well as Swedish alternatives. This mixture of languages is a reality for many non-English natives and an inevitable aspect of doing cultural research – on the move – today.

    The conference is supported by Linköping University’s Faculty of Arts and Science, the Swedish universities which co-fund ACSIS, the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and the city of Norrköping. We are also enormously grateful for and impressed by the non-salaried efforts from all invited speakers, panelists, moderators, session organizers and paper presenters.

    We invite you to discover the conference’s rich and varied content. Finally, we wish to stress that conferences are not only work; they are also a great opportunity to meet old friends and make new ones. In addition to the discussions at the sessions, there will be plenty of time to socialize at the reception hosted by the city of Norrköping on Tuesday evening and the conference dinner on Wednesday night.

    Bodil Axelsson, Director of ACSIS

    Orvar Löfgren, Chair of the ACSIS board

    Johanna Dahlin, ACSIS coordinator and conference organizer

  • 40.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, ToveTove Form och Illustration, Norrköping.
    In the Flow: People, Media, Materialities2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are proud to welcome you to the conference ‘In the Flow: People, Media, Materialities’. It is arranged by the Advanced Cultural Studies Institute of Sweden (ACSIS), a national centre for interdisciplinary and international networking in cultural research. This is the sixth biennial ACSIS conference. All the conferences have had different themes connected to various aspects of cultural research. ‘In the Flow: People, Media, Materialities’ is a continuation of the fifth conference, ‘On the Move’, which explored the ‘mobility turns’ various extensions in cultural research. This conference also emphasizes spatial, cultural and social flows, but the focus is on mediatization and how new and old media interact with bodies, institutions and various industries to produce social, cultural and material effects.

    We are especially proud to welcome our two keynote speakers, Anna Reading, Professor of Culture and Creative Industries at Kings College, London, and Mike Crang, Professor of Geography at Durham University, two scholars who in recent years have set out to rework the borders of, on the one hand, the cultural and the symbolical and, on the other hand, the material and the physical. The borderlands between the representational and the corporeal are explored by the plenary panel led by André Jansson, Professor of Media and Communication Studies at Karlstad University, discussing what body-monitoring technologies do to our experiences of being human.

    The keynotes and the plenary panel set the tone for sessions and individual papers presented by cultural researchers from many different countries. There are, for example, a number of presentations on digital technology. Similar to the plenary panel, some look at the nexus of mediatization and material embodied in everyday life actions and habits, examining the interplay between physical movement and affective engagement regarding wearable devices. Others approach the overarching theme of flows and slowdowns by discussing various aspects of understanding and tracking the circulation of images, music, texts and materialities, such as the mundane practices tied to online searches, methodologies to analyze online data, the curbing of the contemporary abundance of documents in institutions or how patents and copyrights regulate the distribution of on-screen immaterialities as well as material objects.

    The conference suggests that the ways in which digital media saturate contemporary everyday life have energized and renewed classic cultural studies fields, such as the study of identities, music consumption and television viewing. Theoretical redirections such as new materialism and ANT have directed attention to the agency of non-human actors such as computers in cultural processes at the same time as scholars have kept their eyes open for the everyday life agency of, for example, children and young people.

    Digital media are a very significant theme running through the conference. Another is the flows of objects and ideas through space as well as the effect of flows on people and places, investigating, for example, two-way flows between colonized lands and the metropole itself, flowbacks of labour and capital, urban transformations and the reconfiguration of resort cities. A third theme is heritage flows. A series of sessions discuss how new technologies, globalization, policies and changing classification systems set heritage values, exhibitions and institutions in motion. Additional themes such as cultural sociology, feminist culture studies and the future of gender and sexualities remind cultural researchers of the importance of keeping their eyes open for power relations, inequalities, identities and politics.

    We are also very pleased to present our series of spotlight sessions. Here we have invited researchers to discuss time, media history, heritage institutions, the impact of digital media on fan and celebrity cultures, and feminist culture studies. Thanks to an initiative from the master’s students on the Linköping University Programme for Culture, Society and Media Production, we have a spotlight session on education and research.

    The conference is supported by Linköping University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, the Swedish universities which co-fund ACSIS, and the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation. We are also enormously grateful for and impressed by the unpaid efforts of all invited speakers, panellists, moderators, session organizers and paper presenters. We invite you to discover the conference’s rich and varied content, which encourages interdisciplinary exchanges as well as conversaions across empirical fields. Finally, we wish to stress that conferences are a great opportunity to meet old friends and make new ones. In addition to the discussions at the sessions, there will be plenty of time to socialize at the reception on Monday evening at the art gallery Verkstad and at the conference dinner on Tuesday night.

    Bodil Axelsson,

    director of ACSIS

  • 41.
    Dahlin, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Extracting the Commons2017In: Cultural Studies, ISSN 0950-2386, E-ISSN 1466-4348, Vol. 31, no 2-3, p. 253-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how resources that are perceived as common are turned into property through different interventions of extractivism, and how this provokes counter-activism from groups and actors who see their rights and living conditions threatened by the practices of extraction. The article looks at how extraction is enacted through three distinct practices: prospecting, enclosure and unbundling, studied through three different cases. The cases involve resources that are material and immaterial, renewable as well as non-renewable, ‘natural’ as well as man-made. Prospecting is exemplified by patenting of genetic resources and traditional knowledge, enclosure is exemplified by debates over copyright expansionism and information commons, and unbundling through conflicts over mining and gas extraction. The article draws on fieldwork involving interviews and participant observation with protesters at contested mining sites in Australia and with digital rights activists from across the world who protest against how the expansion of copyright limits public access to culture and information. The article departs from an understanding of ‘commons’ not as an open access resource, but as a resource shared by a group of people, often subjected to particular social norms that regulate how it can be used. Enclosure and extraction are both social processes, dependent on recognising some and downplaying or misrecognising other social relations when it comes to resources and processes of property creation. These processes are always, regardless of the particular resources at stake, cultural in the sense that the uses of the commons are regulated through cultural norms and contracts, but also that they carry profound cultural and social meanings for those who use them. Finally, the commonalities and heterogeneities of these protest movements are analysed as ‘working in common’, where the resistance to extraction in itself represents a process of commoning.

  • 42.
    Duhera, Indira
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Makas, Arma
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Strukturerade sysselsättningar och fria aktiviteter vid HVB-hem: En intervjustudie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns sysselsättningar vid HVB-hem ur personalens perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De ensamkommande flyktingbarnen som kommer till mottagarlandet hamnar oftast på HVB-hem, inspektionen för vård och omsorg, där de får bo tills de är självständiga nog att flytta därifrån till ett eget boende. Studiens syfte är att studera hur personal på HVB-hem för ensamkommande flyktingbarn arbetar med barnens fritid. Främst för att se hur personalen arbetar  i relation till frågor som rör barns delaktighet i samband med strukturerade aktiviteter jämfört med barnens egna val av sysselsättningar. Vi har genomfört tio semistrukturerade intervjuer med personal som arbetar på HVB-hem. Utifrån personalens utsagor  så kan vi konstatera att grunden till barnens delaktighet är att personalen ska utgå ifrån varje barns enskilda behov. 

  • 43.
    Dyrager, Malin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture.
    Lillan är ingen vanlig flicka: En semiotisk analys av genusframställan i Sveriges Televisions julkalendrar 1996 och 20072009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 25 credits / 37,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur genus skapas och iscensätts i Sveriges Televisions julkalendrar 1996 och 2007 samt om det skett någon förändring över tid vad gäller skapandet och framställandet. Detta undersöks genom en semiotisk analys samt med queerteori som teoretisk utgångspunkt. Undersökningen visar att julkalendrarna i många fall bidrar till ett vidmakthållande av stereotypa könsroller. Man kan dock urskilja en förändring mellan de båda kalendrarna då den senast sända ger ett intryck av att producenten gjort medvetna val för att undvika ett reproducerande av könsstereotyperna.

  • 44.
    Economou, Konstantin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sander, Johanna
    Beyond The Box, Norrköping.
    Tala är guld: Kris och guldgrävande i tv-serien Gold Rush12016In: Ord&Bild, ISSN 0030-4492, no 1, p. 39-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Egeland, Helene
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Det ekte, det gode og det coole: Södra teatern og den dialogiske formasjonen av mangfoldsdiskursen2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis analyses the continuously changing discourse of cultural diversity. The focus of this study is the ways in which this discourse is shaped within contemporary Swedish cultural politics in general, and how it unfolds and further changes through the specific activities performed by a cultural institution in Stockholm – Södra teatern.

    Where as the cultural diversity inspired cultural politics seems to be caught in the tension between defending the autonomous position of culture in society and arguing for the supposed positive integrative consequences of such a perspective the Södra teatern mirrors a similar complexity in their ways of performing cultural diversity. This complexity is expressed through the three aspects of cultural diversity the thesis analyses – the real, the good and the cool cultural diversity. Each of the three aspects expresses a search for authenticity as well as a resistance towards the very same notion; a belief in the enlightenment of knowledge at the same time as the content of the very same knowledge is questioned; and finally that ethnic differences some times is enforced through utterances that stresses tradition where as the supposed hybrid forms in other situations is celebrated.

    The three aspects of cultural diversity analysed here all express how cultural diversity works as a hyper complex concept within cultural policy where no single possible meaning erases other potential meanings. On the contrary: different and even contradictory meanings of the concept exist side by side. Thus the thesis argues that the discourse of cultural diversity expresses a hyper complex problem.

  • 46.
    Eilertsen, Lill
    et al.
    Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages Faculty of Humanities University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bugge Amundsen, Arne
    Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages Faculty of Humanities University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Museum Policies in Europe 1990 – 2010: Negotiating Professional and Political Utopia2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This EuNaMus report studies how nations develop policy in order to deploy national museums in the redefinition of the national vision. Considering museums as utopian institutions, it focusses on the negotiations between politicians and museum professionals in Europe from 1990-2010. In-depth case studies are presented from France, Norway, Estonia, Hungary and Greece, in order to examine the broad range of change occurring throughout Europe. The report also examines the EU as a new actor in these museum negotiations. The findings indicate that museums have responded to differing circumstances using five broad policy making techniques to engage in national redefinition: re-formulation, re-narration, re-mediation, re-organisation and re-professionalization. The report suggests that national and transnational narratives coexist uneasily in national museums due in large part to three competing utopian visions articulated by Europe’s various policymakers: EUtopia, Multicultural Utopia, and National Historical Utopia. How museums can balance these visions is a key issue for these institutions in the years to come.

    The report is produced within the three-year research programme, EuNaMus – European National Museums: Identity Politics, the Uses of the Past and the European Citizen, coordinated at Tema Q at Linköping University (www.eunamus.eu). EuNaMus explores the creation and power of the heritage created and presented at European national museums to the world, Europe and its states, as an unsurpassable institution in contemporary society. National museums are defined and explored as processes of institutionalized negotiations where material collections and displays make claims and are recognized as articulating and representing national values and realities. Questions asked in the project are why, by whom, when, with what material, with what result and future possibilities are these museums shaped.

  • 47.
    Ekström, Anders
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm.
    Exhibiting disasters: Mediation, historicity and spectatorship2012In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 472-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       The main purpose of this article is to draw attention to a long-standing history of exhibiting disasters to distant audiences. In particular, the article explores the transregional imaginaries and cross-temporal connections that emerge from the history of what may be labelled the disaster display or disaster show. This refers to a particular genre of multimedia re-enactments of extreme events that developed in the context of temporary exhibitions and popular amusements in the 19th and early 2th centuries. Disaster displays typically involved visual representations, sound effects, fireworks, lectures and theatrical performances, and invited their audiences to experience a diversity of extreme events, for example distant wars, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, fire fighting and floods. In offering a blend of special effects and the thrills of authenticity, disaster shows copied and competed with, and sometimes incorporated, some of the traits of a variety of attractions in turn-of-the-century popular visual culture, such as serialized wax displays, moving panoramas and early film. The article especially investigates some of these intermedialities but it also discusses how the displays engaged and positioned the audience.                   

  • 48.
    Ellwyn, Troen
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    Dahl, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    Konst. Stigma. Identitet.: - En inblick i tatueringskulturen.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Tattoos over time and continents – as art, stigma and identity explores by a litterature study  the cultural significance of tattoos’s throughout history.

     Tattooing has been practiced by mankind all over the world for thousands of years and evidence also suggests that tattooing was practiced in ancient Greece and in Rome. Many different cultures have used tattooing for a wide variety of reasons and given the tattoos their great cultural and social meaning. Tattoos have been used to mark prisoners, slaves and other stigmatisiced groups, but also as a sign of status and a mark of identity and heritage. Is it possible to find similarities in different tattoocultures, presented in literature, despite differences in both time and place?

     This thesis also explores how tattoos are presented in the field of popular culture today by analyzing two reality-shows: Miami Ink and LA Ink.  The thesis seeks to investigate if some of the ways tattoos have been presented in history can be seen in the way they are presented in popular culture today. The thesis analyses how the tattoos, the tattoo artists and their clients are portrayed in popular culture in order to investigate how tattoos are seen today. 

  • 49.
    Eriksson, Anton
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    Oretoft, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production.
    En obekväm sanning eller en stor bluff?: En analys av den visuella gestaltningen av fenomenet "global uppvärmning" i filmmediet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En uppsats som kritiskt granskar och analyserar den visuella gestaltningen i två dokumentärfilmer. Huvudtemat i filmerna är global uppvärmning och konsekvenserna av detta. Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka den visuella gestaltningen av den miljödebatt som filmerna är en del i och genom detta belysa frågor som berör visuell kultur och popularisering av vetenskap.

  • 50.
    Eriksson Johansson, Linnéa
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Culture and Aesthetics.
    Skrivet i stickningen: Om social status i stickbeskrivningar från 1838 till 18452018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersökte handstickningens sociala status under åren 1838–1845 via stickhandböcker som publicerades kring de brittiska öarna under den nämnda tiden. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ textanalys av totalt 5 olika stickböcker och författare. Syftet var att utröna stickningens sociala status med hjälp av stickböckernas tilltänkta målgrupp, författarnas egna noteringar om stickningen, stickbeskrivningarnas inriktning och materialanvändningen för framförandet av stickbeskrivningarna. Resultatet blev att handböckerna riktade sig till de övre klasserna av samhället och framförallt var målgruppen för böckerna kvinnor. Materialanvändningen i handböckerna visade till största del på exklusiva material och stickbeskrivningar var ofta dekorativa. Stickningen blev klassat högt i status under tiden, inom den kvinnliga sfären, då utförandet av tekniken sågs som en fritidssysselsättning och ansågs som ett värdigt utförande för damer.

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