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  • 1. Alstergren, P
    et al.
    Kopp, S
    Theodorsson, Elvar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Clinical Chemistry. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry.
    Synovial fluid sampling fromthe temporomandibular joint: sample quality criteria and levels of interleukin-1 beta and serotonin.1999In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 57, 16-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bergendal, Birgitta
    et al.
    Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Bakke, Merete
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    McAllister, Anita
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Sjogreen, Lotta
    National Orofacial Resource Centre Rare Disease, Sweden.
    Asten, Pamela
    Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Norway.
    Profiles of orofacial dysfunction in different diagnostic groups using the Nordic Orofacial Test (NOT-S)-A review2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, 578-584 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) was developed as a comprehensive method to assess orofacial function. Results from the screening protocol have been presented in 11 international publications to date. This study reviewed these publications in order to compile NOT-S screening data and create profiles of orofacial dysfunction that characterize various age groups and disorders. Materials and methods. NOT-S results of nine reports meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Seven of these studies not only provided data on the mean and range of total NOT-S scores, but also on the most common domains of orofacial dysfunction (highest rate of individuals with dysfunction scores), allowing the construction of orofacial dysfunction profiles based on the prevalence of dysfunction in each domain of NOT-S. Results. The compiled data comprised 669 individuals, which included healthy control subjects (n = 333) and various patient groups (n = 336). All studies reported differences between individuals with diagnosed disorders and healthy control subjects. The NOT-S data could measure treatment effects and provided dysfunction profiles characterizing the patterns of orofacial dysfunction in various diagnoses. Conclusions. This review corroborates previous results that the NOT-S differentiates well between patients and healthy controls and can also show changes in individuals after treatment. NOT-S could be used as a standard instrument to assess orofacial dysfunction, evaluate the outcomes of oral habilitation and rehabilitation and improve comparability in clinical practice and research.

  • 3.
    Carlsson, Gunnar E.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Örebro University, Sweden; Örebro County Council, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Ordell, Sven
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Unell, Lennart
    Örebro University, Sweden; Örebro County Council, Sweden.
    Is there a trend of decreasing prevalence of TMD-related symptoms with ageing among the elderly?2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, 714-720 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Older adults have not been studied as much as younger ones regarding prevalence of TMD-related symptoms. The aim was to assess the prevalence of TMD-related symptoms in two population samples, 70 and 80 years old. Materials and methods. Identical questionnaires were in 2012 sent to all subjects born in 1932 and 1942 living in two Swedish counties. The response rate was 70.1%, resulting in samples of 5697 70-and 2922 80-year-old subjects. The questionnaire comprised 53 questions. Answers to questions on problems regarding TMD-related symptoms and awareness of bruxism were analysed. Results. Twelve per cent of the women and 7% of the men in the 70-year-old group reported some, rather great or severe problems regarding TMD pain. In the 80-year-olds the prevalence was 8% and 7%, respectively. Subjects who had problems with TMJ sounds reported difficulty to open the jaw wide 6-times and TMJ pain 10-13-times more frequently than subjects without such problems. Changes of taste and awareness of bruxism were the only variables significantly associated with TMD symptoms in both age groups. Number of teeth was not significantly associated with any of the TMD-related symptoms. Conclusions. Most of the elderly subjects had no severe problems with TMD-related symptoms, but 12% of the 70-year-old women reported some, rather great or severe problems. The marked gender difference at age 70 had disappeared in the 80-year-old group. The prevalence was lower among the 80-compared with the 70-year-old subjects of both sexes. The results support the comorbidity between TMD-related symptoms and general health problems.

  • 4.
    Davidson, Thomas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Swedish Council Health Technology Assessment, Sweden.
    Rohlin, Madeleine
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Hultin, Margareta
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Jemt, Torsten
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Branemark Clin, Sweden.
    Nilner, Krister
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Sunnegardh-Gronberg, Karin
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Tranaeus, Sofia
    Swedish Council Health Technology Assessment, Sweden; Malmö University, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats
    County Hospital Ryhov, Sweden.
    Reimbursement systems influence prosthodontic treatment of adult patients2015In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 73, no 6, 414-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To evaluate the influence of reimbursement system and organizational structure on oral rehabilitation of adult patients with tooth loss. Materials and methods. Patient data were retrieved from the databases of the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The data consisted of treatment records of patients aged 19 years and above claiming reimbursement for dental care from July 1, 2007 until June 30, 2009. Before July 1, 2008, a proportionately higher level of subsidy was available for dental care in patients 65 years and above, but thereafter the system was changed, so that the subsidy was the same, regardless of the patients age. Prosthodontic treatment in patients 65 years and above was compared with that in younger patients before and after the change of the reimbursement system. Prosthodontic treatment carried out in the Public Dental Health Service and the private sector was also analyzed. Results. Data were retrieved for 722,842 adult patients, covering a total of 1,339,915 reimbursed treatment items. After the change of the reimbursement system, there was a decrease in the proportion of items in patients 65 years and above in relation to those under 65. Overall, there was a minimal change in the proportion of treatment items provided by the private sector compared to the public sector following the change of the reimbursement system. Conclusions. Irrespective of service provider, private or public, financial incentive such as the reimbursement system may influence the provision of prosthodontic treatment, in terms of volume of treatment.

  • 5.
    Ekback, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro County Council, Sweden; University of Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care. Malmö University, Sweden.
    Does different wording of a global oral health question provide different results?2015In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 73, no 4, 250-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Focusing on 70-year-old adults in Sweden and guided by the conceptual framework of International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH), the purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which socio-demographic characteristics, self-reported oral disease and social/psychological/physical oral health outcome variables are associated with two global measures of self-assessed satisfaction with oral health in Swedish 70-year-olds and if there is a degree of discordance between these global questions. Background. It has become an important task to create a simple way to measure self-perceived oral health. In these attempts to find practical ways to measure health, the global oral health question is a possible tool to measure self-rated oral health, but there is limited knowledge about how important the wording of this question is. Materials and methods. In 2012, a questionnaire was mailed to all persons born in 1942 in two Swedish counties, Orebro (T) and Ostergotland (E). The total population of 70-year-olds amounted to 7889. Bivariate analyses were conducted by cross-tabulation and Chi-square statistics. Multivariate analyses were conducted using binary multiple logistic regression. Results. The two global oral health question of 70-year-olds in Sweden was mainly explained by the number of teeth (OR = 5.6 and 5.2), chewing capacity (OR = 6.9 and 4.2), satisfaction with dental appearance (OR = 19.8 and 17.3) and Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) (OR = 3.5 and 3.9). Conclusion. Regardless of the wording, it seems that the concept of a global oral health question has the same main determinants.

  • 6.
    Ekback, Gunnar
    et al.
    Regional Örebro County, Sweden; University of Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care. Malmö University, Sweden.
    Stahlnacke, Katri
    Regional Örebro County, Sweden.
    Satisfaction with dental care and life-course predictors: A 20-year prospective study of a Swedish 1942 birth cohort?2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 3, 194-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim was to assess the impact of care experience, health factors and socioeconomic factors on satisfaction with dental care across time and to assess the stability or change in levels of self-reported satisfaction with dental care in individuals as they progress from middle age to early old age.Materials and methods: The present work is based on five separate data collections from a cohort study with 3585 individuals responding in all years of the survey. Data collection was conducted in 1992 when the subjects were 50 years of age and again 5, 10, 15 and 20 years later. Absolute stability in satisfaction with dental care was assessed by calculating the proportion of individuals who maintained their position in the same category from one survey period to another. Changes across time were tested using Cochrans Q test. Satisfaction with dental care across the 20-year survey period was modeled using the generalized estimating equation (GEE).Results and conclusion: The result showed that 85% of women and 83% of men remained satisfied with dental care. Binomial GEE revealed no statistical significant change in satisfaction with dental care between 1992-2012. In sum, this study has shown that this age group, born in 1942, was stably satisfied with dental care between age 50 and age 70, despite all changes during this time period. Females are more satisfied than men and the most important factors are the experience of attention during the last visit, satisfaction with dental appearance and good chewing capability.

  • 7.
    Eriksson, Iréne
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Aronsson, Kerstin
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Jönköping University.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University.
    Jonsson, Margareta
    County Council of Jönköping.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health.
    The meaning of oral health-related quality of life for elderly persons with dementia2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 67, no 4, 212-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Studies of oral health developments increasingly include self-reported assessments of how oral health affects quality of life (QoL), referred to as “oral health-related QoL”. People with dementia are often excluded in studies of oral health-related QoL and thus our aim in this study was to explore this area in elderly persons with dementia. Material and methods. Eighteen elderly individuals (aged between 78 and 94 years) with dementia of varying degrees of severity were interviewed with the aid of an interview guide; pictures and objects were used as stimulus material (triggers). The material was analyzed using grounded theory as point of departure, and a professional assessment of the oral health of the participants was used as reference. Results. Four categories were identified: the ability to chew and eat, independence, oral problems, and teeth are important. These factors are largely consistent with those that have emerged in earlier studies of the elderly, but in some cases less pronounced in persons with dementia. Conclusion. The use of triggers is a positive way to communicate oral health-related QoL among persons suffering from dementia, although the material used in this study needs further evaluation and development.

  • 8. Halling, A.
    et al.
    Lofman, O.
    Löfman, O..
    Nosratabadi, A.-R.
    Nosratabadi, A.-R..
    Tagesson, C.
    Tagesson, C..
    Oster, B.
    Öster, B..
    Aluminum concentration in deciduous teeth is dependent on tooth type and dental status2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, no 6, 356-360 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aluminum (Al) concentration was assessed in deciduous teeth in relation to sex, year of birth, tooth type, and the presence of caries and roots. Three hundred and twenty-three deciduous teeth from children born during the period 1952-93 in a county in southeast Sweden were sampled, and the Al content determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The arithmetic mean of the Al concentration was 0.58 ± 0.64 ppm dry weight mean ± standard deviation, and differed significantly between incisors (1.05 ± 1.04 ppm) and canines 0.48 ± 0.50 ppm and between incisors and molars (0.53 ± 0.55 ppm). A significant difference was found between teeth with and without caries. No significant differences were found between sexes. The Al concentration correlated significantly with tooth weight for incisors (r = -0.47) and canines (r = -0.45) but not for molars (r = 0.03). No significant change in Al concentration was found over time. Caries-free deciduous molars are suggested as the most useful teeth for biological monitoring of aluminum.

  • 9.
    Ingemansson Hultquist, Ann
    et al.
    Västervik Public Dental Service, Kalmar County Council, Sweden.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care.
    Dentin caries risk indicators in 1-year-olds. A two year follow-up study2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 8, 613-619 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) risk factors are suspected to vary between regions with different caries prevalence.Aim: Identify ECC risk factors for 1-year-olds predicting dentin caries at 3 years of age in a region with low caries prevalence.Design: Caries risk was assessed by dental hygienist or dental assistant in 779 one-year-olds. The oral mutans streptococci (MS) score was performed from a tooth surface or (in pre-dentate children) from oral mucosa. A parental questionnaire with questions regarding family factors (siblings with or without caries), general health, food habits (night meals, breastfeeding, other beverage than water), oral hygiene habits and emerged teeth were answered by parents of the 1-year-olds. Dentin caries was assessed when the children were 3-year-olds. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were used for identification of caries-associated factors.Results: An increased caries risk was assessed in 4.4% of the 1-year-olds. Dentin caries was found in 2.6% of the 3-year-olds. Caries risk at 1 year was associated with caries at 3 years (OR=6.5, p=.002). Multiple regression analysis found the variables Beverages other than water (OR=7.1, pamp;lt;0.001), Caries in sibling (OR=4.8, p=.002), High level of MS (score 2-3) (OR=3.4, p=.03) and Night meal (OR=3.0, p=.03) to be associated with caries. The single variables Beverage other than water between meals and Caries in sibling were more reliable than Caries risk assessed performed by dental personnel.Conclusions: Behavioural, family and microbial factors are important when assessing caries risk among 1-year-olds in a region with low caries experience.

  • 10. Larsson, P
    et al.
    List, T
    Lundström, Inger
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Dental Clinic. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Dental Clinic.
    Marcusson, Agneta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Dental Clinic. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Dental Clinic.
    Ohrbach, R
    Reliability and validity of a Swedish version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-S)2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 62, no 3, 147-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to translate the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) into Swedish and evaluate the reliability and validity of the Swedish version (OHIP-S). The CHIP is a 49-item, self-administered questionnaire divided into 7 different subscales. The original version in English was translated into Swedish, accompanied by back-translation into English, after which the Swedish version was revised. A total of 145 consecutive patients participated and answered a questionnaire. The patients comprised five clinically separate groups: temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) (n = 30), Primary Sjogren's Syndrome (SS) (n = 30), burning sensation and pain in the oral mucosa (oral mucosal pain, OMP) (n = 28), skeletal malocclusion (malocclusion) (n = 2 7), and healthy dental recall patients (Controls) (n = 30). The TMD group and the control group participated in a test-retest procedure. The internal reliability of each subscale was calculated with Cronbach's alpha and found to be high and to range from 0.83-0.91. The stability (test-retest) of the instrument, calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient, ranged from 0.87 to 0.98. The construct validity of OHIP-S was compared with subscales of the Symptom Check List (SCL-90) (rho 0.65) and the jaw Function Limitation Scale JFLS) (rho 0.76) and analyzed with Spearman's correlation coefficient. Convergent validity was evaluated by comparing CHIP with self-reported health using Spearman's correlation coefficient and was found to be acceptable (rho 0.61). In the evaluation of the discriminative ability of the instrument, significant differences were found in the total OHIP-S score between the controls and the other four groups (P < 0.001). We conclude that the reliability and validity of OHIP-S is excellent. The instrument can be recommended for assessing the impact of oral health on masticatory ability and psychosocial function.

  • 11.
    Mosskull Hjertton, Petra
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care, Centre for Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry.
    Bagesund, Mats
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care, Centre for Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry.
    Er:YAG laser or high-speed bur for cavity preparation in adolescents2013In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 71, no 3-4, 610-615 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim was to evaluate the effect on cavity preparation time, the pulse changes and the patients subjective experience during removal of healthy tooth substance with high-speed bur and Er:YAG laser. Materials and methods. Thirty-five (13 male, 22 female) 14-18-year-olds participated. After local anaesthesia, Er:YAG laser and high-speed diamond bur were used for a 2 mm deep cavity preparation on the middle of the buccal surface on contra-lateral healthy maxillary first premolars. The cavity preparation time and the pulse were measured during the treatment. Subjective experience was evaluated using a VAS-scale and a questionnaire. Wilcoxon Signed Rank test and Chi-2-test were used for statistical analyses. Results. The mean (SD) cavity preparation time was 3.7-times longer (p andlt; 0.001) for the laser [59 (41) s] than for the high-speed bur [16 (4) s]. The mean pulse change during preparation differed (p andlt; 0.05) between the bur (+2.2%) and laser (-4.4%). The smell was worse when laser was used (p andlt; 0.01); 65.7% expressed less discomfort and 57.1% experienced a lower sound level when laser was used. Laser was preferred for future treatment in 62.9% of the adolescents. Conclusion. Laser ablation caused unpleasant smell and longer cavity preparation time, but was preferred by a majority of the adolescents.

  • 12.
    Nafi Salih, Firas
    et al.
    Public Dent Health Serv, Sweden.
    Lindsten, Rune
    Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Bågesund, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Public Dental Health Care. Public Dent Health Serv, Sweden.
    Perception of orthodontic treatment need among Swedish children, adolescents and young adults2017In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 75, no 6, 407-412 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Perceptions of orthodontic treatment need and perceptions of dental aesthetics was investigated among subjects ages 10, 15 and 19. Materials and methods: A total of 489 subjects completed a questionnaire after inspecting 10 photographs in the Aesthetic Component scale of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need to (i) reveal the lower limit for orthodontic treatment need and (ii) rate their dental aesthetics by selecting the most similar photo. Results: The mean lower limit for orthodontic treatment need was significantly higher (and closer to literature-based standards) among subjects, age 10 (4.21.5), than among subjects, age 15 (3.6 +/- 1.2) (p = .0009), and subjects, age 19 (3.5 +/- 1.2) (p = .00002). Among subjects ages 15 and 19, the lower limit for orthodontic treatment need was lower in groups with (i) self-perceived orthodontic treatment need (p = .002 and .001, respectively) and (ii) previous orthodontic treatment (p = .005 and .035, respectively). Self-perceived orthodontic treatment need was present in more than one-third of subjects, age 19, who had previously received orthodontic treatment. Subjects of foreign origin reported that their dental aesthetics were worse (p = .002) and those same subjects, age 19, set the lower limit for orthodontic treatment lower (p = .047) than Swedes, age 19. Conclusions: The lower limit for orthodontic treatment need among subjects, age 10, was higher - compared to subjects, ages 15 and 19 - and closer to literature-based standards. Subjects with self-perceived orthodontic treatment need, subjects with previous orthodontic treatment, and subjects age 19 of foreign origin, have higher aesthetic demands.

  • 13.
    Ordell, Sven
    et al.
    Linköping University. Malmö University, Sweden .
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Malmö University, Sweden .
    Hjalmers, Karin
    Malmö University, Sweden .
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö University, Sweden .
    Bergström, Kamilla
    Malmö University, Sweden .
    Organization and overall job satisfaction among publicly employed, salaried dentists in Sweden and Denmark2013In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 71, no 6, 1443-1452 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. In Sweden and Denmark, clinical dentistry is changing and public dentistry is in transition towards more market orientation. Dentists overall job satisfaction is important for how public dentistry can fulfil the new expectations from patients, the public and politicians. Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate what organizational factors were important for publicly employed salaried dentists overall job satisfaction. Methods. A random sample of active, general dental practitioners (private and publicly employed) was selected in Denmark and in Sweden, and they received a postal questionnaire. The number of questionnaires was 1835 and the response rate was 68% (n = 1226). This study analysed only the publicly employed dentists. The sampling frame for the Swedish dentists was 431, response rate 68.9% (n = 297) and for the Danish ones 194, response rate 81.9% (n = 159). Multivariate regression was used with overall job satisfaction as a dependent variable. Results. Common organizational variables were important. The used model explained between 32% (Sweden) and 39% (Denmark) of the variance in overall job satisfaction. The only significant individual factor was less job satisfaction for Swedish dentists born outside Sweden. An organizational climate characterized by a focus on professional values was associated with job satisfaction in both countries. Among the Swedish dentists, number of colleagues and degree of influence were also important and among the Danish ones sufficient time for patients. Conclusions. Organizational factors had an impact on salaried publicly employed dentists overall job satisfaction in both countries. The findings may have implications for other Human Service Organizations with employed professionals.

  • 14.
    Ostberg, AL
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
    Jarkman, K
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
    Lindblad, U
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
    Halling, A
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
    Adolescents' perceptions of oral health and influencing factors: a qualitative study2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 3, 167-173 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accounts of self-perceptions of oral health have hitherto been rare, although they are of great interest for strategies in health promotion. The objective of this study was to increase our knowledge of adolescents' perceptions of oral health and influencing factors. Semi-structured interviews of 17 Swedish adolescents were performed. Criteria for strategic sampling were age (15, 18 years), gender (male, female), and dental health (healthy, unhealthy). Data were analyzed according to the constant comparative method. Areas of focus were general oral health, personal oral health, dental care, and life-style issues. Oral health awareness was generally low among the informants. Two categories of oral health were identified: action (the physical things we do to effect the condition of our mouths) and condition (the physical status of the mouth). Conditional aspects were most frequent in evaluations of personal oral health. The informants considered their possibilities to influence oral health limited. Perceptions of influences on oral health were related to personal and professional care, social support and impact, and external factors. 'Concern for oral health' was derived as the core category in perceived influence on oral health. The study indicates that it is important to find factors that enhance adolescents' awareness of their own resources and to seek mechanisms that govern internalization. There is a need to find strategies to convey such knowledge to the intermediaries: dental personnel and parents.

  • 15.
    Paulsson, G
    et al.
    Halmstad Univ, Sch Social & Hlth Sci, SE-30185 Halmstad, Sweden Cent Hosp Halmstad, Oral Hlth Ctr, Halmstad, Sweden Malmo Univ, Dept Oral Publ Hlth, Malmo, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Care, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Hosp & Res Ctr, Rivad, Saudi Arabia.
    Soderfeldt, B
    Halmstad Univ, Sch Social & Hlth Sci, SE-30185 Halmstad, Sweden Cent Hosp Halmstad, Oral Hlth Ctr, Halmstad, Sweden Malmo Univ, Dept Oral Publ Hlth, Malmo, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Care, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Hosp & Res Ctr, Rivad, Saudi Arabia.
    Nederfors, T
    Halmstad Univ, Sch Social & Hlth Sci, SE-30185 Halmstad, Sweden Cent Hosp Halmstad, Oral Hlth Ctr, Halmstad, Sweden Malmo Univ, Dept Oral Publ Hlth, Malmo, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Care, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden Hosp & Res Ctr, Rivad, Saudi Arabia.
    Fridlund, B
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nursing personnel's views on oral health from a health promotion perspective: a grounded theory analysis2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 1, 42-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to develop a model for how nursing personnel view oral health in general and the oral health of the care receivers in particular, applying a health promotion perspective and using grounded theory analysis. Data were collected through interviews with 17 nursing personnel, selected by strategic sampling. Analysis of the transcribed interviews showed that there were four strategies, related to staff education, hospital resources, and leadership motivation. The strategies were grounded in data and emerged from the interaction between the two main categories: 'the valuation of the importance of oral health' and 'the behavior towards oral health maintenance'. They were characterized as the routine, theoretical, practical, and flexible strategies, with the latter considered ideal. As increased knowledge is one important part in enhancing the nursing personnel's ability to perform oral hygiene procedures, there is a need for education among nursing personnel, primarily among those using a routine strategy.

  • 16.
    Rolander, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Evaluation of muscular activity, local muscular fatigue, and muscular rest patterns among dentists2005In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 63, no 4, 189-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study, dentists reported very high scores for perceived physical workload, but only low to moderate scores for the musculoskeletal system. This is difficult to explain when other occupational groups in the dental services are compared, and is the main reason why the present study was performed. To measure muscular activity, a surface electromyography (sEMG) study was done, and included the subjects who reported neck and shoulder complaints in the previous study. A portable sEMG system (MyoGuard) was used to collect a myoelectric signal on-line and analysis of the myoelectric signal in a computer. sEMG was recorded from both trapezius muscles for approximately 4 h during an ordinary working day. Twentyseven dentists participated in the study. The results show accumulated rest% fairly close to that of female cashiers and supermarket employees and increased average rectified value percent (ARV%) during work that could contribute to the very high workload perceived by dentists.

  • 17.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Jonker, Dirk
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Karsznia, Alek
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Tommy
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Evaluation of muscular activity, local muscular fatigue, and muscular rest patterns among dentists2005In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 63, 189-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study, dentists reported very high scores for perceived physical workload, but only low to moderate scores for the musculoskeletal system. This is difficult to explain when other occupational groups in the dental services are compared, and is the main reason why the present study was performed. To measure muscular activity, a surface electromyography (sEMG) study was done, and included the subjects who reported neck and shoulder complaints in the previous study. A portable sEMG system (MyoGuard) was used to collect a myoelectric signal on-line and analysis of the myoelectric signal in a computer. sEMG was recorded from both trapezius muscles for approximately 4 h during an ordinary working day. Twentyseven dentists participated in the study. The results show accumulated rest% fairly close to that of female cashiers and supermarket employees and increased average rectified value percent (ARV%) during work that could contribute to the very high workload perceived by dentists.

  • 18.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Jonköping County Council, Sweden; Jonköping University, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Johnston, Venerina
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jonköping University, Sweden.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jonköping University, Sweden.
    Changes in division of labour and tasks within public dentistry: relationship to employees work demands, health and work ability2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 6, 471-479 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare workplaces with an equal or larger proportion of dental hygienists than dentists (HDH) with workplaces with a larger proportion of dentists than dental hygienists (HD) on the physical and psychosocial work load, musculoskeletal and psychosomatic disorders and sickness presence.Material: A total of 298 persons employed in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish County Council participated in this study.Conclusion: The medium large clinics HDH reported 85% of employees with considerably more high psychosocial demands compared to employees in medium HD (53%) and large HD (57%). Employees in medium large clinics HDH also reported sleep problems due to work (25%) compared with employees in medium large clinics HD (6%), large clinics HD (11%) and small clinics HDH (3%). Clinic size does not seem to influence the outcome of the HD and HD clinics to any great extent. Of all employees, about 94-100% reported high precision demands and 78-91% poor work postures.

  • 19.
    Sandberg, G
    et al.
    Falun.
    Sundberg, H
    Falun.
    Wikblad, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Nursing Science.
    A controlled study of oral self-care and self-perceived oral health in type 2 diabetic patients.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, 28-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20. Sandberg, GE
    et al.
    Wikblad, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV), Self-Care and Learning.
    Oral health and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients and non-diabetic controls2003In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 61, no 3, 141-148 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to identify factors in oral health and also diabetes-related and socio-economic components that could be associated with the subject's health-related quality of life (HRQL). One-hundred-and-two randomly sampled type 2 diabetic and 102 age-matched and gender-matched non-diabetic subjects from the same residential area were studied cross-sectionally using the SF-36 questionnaire. Although the HRQL profiles were similar in nature, the control subjects indicated a more favorable health status in their HRQL scores than did type 2 diabetic subjects. Certain oral health factors contributed to deterioration of the patient's HRQL. Multiple regression analyses including both groups were used to determine variables explaining variance in the different HRQL domains. Dissatisfaction with teeth and mouth, feeling of dry mouth and poor financial status contributed to about one-fourth of the explanation of the variance in all health domains. Having diabetes played an important role in the domains Physical Functioning, Role functioning-Physical, General Health, and Social Functioning. Age was important for Physical Functioning and Role functioning-Physical. Our study indicates that different factors may be asociated with impaired HRQL, especially among type 2 diabetic subjects, although only a partial understanding of its relation to oral health could be demonstrated.

  • 21.
    Sjögren, Petteri
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Service.
    Halling, Arne
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Service.
    Trends in dental and medical research and relevance of randomized controlled trials to common activities in general dentistry2000In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 58, no 6, 260-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study publication trends in dental and medical research as well as the proportion of randomized controlled trials in dental research (RCT-Ds) of relevance to common activities in general dentistry. The study was based on Medline searches, 1969-99 (MeSH terms). Data from Public Dental Services (county of Östergötland, Sweden) were used to find the most common activities in the practice of general dentistry. In dental research the annual number of publications had decreased from 5,900 in 1969 to 4,400 in 1999, corresponding to 9,100 and 14,000, respectively, in medical research. Clinical trials in dental research had increased to 7% and RCT-Ds to 5% of all dental research during 1969-99. In medicine, clinical trials and randomized controlled trials had increased to 2% and 1%, respectively. In dental and medical research, meta-analyses (MAs) totalled 0.1-0.2% in 1994 and 1999. One out of 200 dental research publications in 1979-99 was an RCT-D of relevance to the most common activities in general dentistry. These activities contributed to more than 80% of the dental care of children and adolescents and to more than 60% of the dental care of adults in 1999.

  • 22.
    Sundell, Anna Lena
    et al.
    Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Anna-Karin
    Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Ullbro, Christer
    UiT Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Twetman, Svante
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Marcusson, Agneta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Maxillofacial Unit. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science.
    Caries prevalence and enamel defects in 5-and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate: A case-control study2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 2, 90-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of dental caries and enamel defects in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL(P)) in comparison to non-cleft controls. Materials and methods. The study group consisted of 139 children with CL(P) (80 subjects aged 5 years and 59 aged 10 years) and 313 age-matched non-cleft controls. All children were examined by one of two calibrated examiners. Caries was scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) and enamel defects as presence and frequency of hypoplasia and hypomineralization. Results. The caries prevalence among the 5-year-old CL(P) children and the non-cleft controls was 36% and 18%, respectively (p &lt; 0.05). The CL(P) children had higher caries frequency (initial and cavitated lesions) in the primary dentition than their controls (1.2 vs 0.9; p &lt; 0.05). A significantly higher prevalence of enamel defects was found in CL(P) children of both age groups and anterior permanent teeth were most commonly affected. Conclusions. Preschool children with cleft lip and/or palate seem to have more caries in the primary dentition than age-matched non-cleft controls. Enamel defects were more common in CL(P) children in both age groups.

  • 23. Wahlund, K.
    et al.
    List, T.
    List, T..
    Larsson, B.
    Larsson, B..
    Treatment of temporomandibular disorders among adolescents: A comparison between occlusal appliance, relaxation training, and brief information2003In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 61, no 4, 203-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a randomized trial the effects of occlusal appliance and relaxation therapy, each combined with brief information, were compared with brief information only, in adolescents with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. One-hundred-and-twenty-two adolescents (93 F and 29 M aged 12-18 years) were randomly assigned to one of the following 3 groups: brief information + occlusal appliance (BI + OA), brief information + relaxation therapy (BI + RT), or brief information (BI). Included were subjects reporting pain once a week or more often, in addition to receiving a diagnosis of TMD according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC/TMD). They were evaluated before and after treatment and at a 6-month follow-up by means of self-reports and clinical assessment. The result revealed a significantly higher reduction in frequency of pain, in pain intensity (visual analog scale [VAS]), and in a composite pain index (intensity × frequency) for patients treated with BI + OA compared with those treated with BI alone. In the BI + OA group, 60% of the patients attained a clinically significant improvement (at least 50% or more) on the pain index, a significantly higher proportion compared to that obtained in the other 2 treatment groups. Analgesic consumption was also significantly more reduced in the BI + OA group compared to the BI group. However, no significant differences were found between the treatment groups in jaw opening or in muscle and TMJ tenderness scores. Occlusal appliance was found to be superior to both relaxation therapy and brief information regarding pain reduction and can therefore be recommended when treating adolescents with TMD pain.

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