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  • 1.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi, CS.
    Airikka, Marie-Louise
    Buhrman, Monica
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Dimensions of perfectionism and tinnitus distress2005Inngår i: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, E-ISSN 1465-3966, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 78-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the relationship between perfectionism and tinnitus distress. In addition, associations between perfectionism, sleep problems and anxiety/depression were investigated. The study included 256 tinnitus patients who completed measures of perfectionism, tinnitus distress, anxiety, depression, and a measure of insomnia. Gender-differentiated multiple regression analyses showed that anxiety and depressive states were related to tinnitus distress for both genders. However, for the males, the perfectionism subscale Personal Standards was related to tinnitus distress, whereas in females, it was the Organization subscale that was most predictive of tinnitus distress.

  • 2.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    Inst. of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Centre for Person-Centred Care, University of Gothenburg; Dept of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan.
    Alsén, Pia
    Dept of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan.
    Herlitz, Johan
    School of Health Sciences, University of Borås; Inst. of Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Kjellgren, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    Dept of Nursing, Health and Culture, University West, Trollhättan.
    General self-efficiacy and health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction2012Inngår i: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, E-ISSN 1465-3966, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 346-355Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatigue after myocardial infarction (MI) has been found to be distressing. A person's self-efficacy will influence his/her health behavior and plays an active role in tackling illness consequences. This study investigated associations between fatigue, disturbed sleep, general self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of 145 respondents admitted to hospital for MI two years earlier. The aim was to identify the predictive value of general self-efficacy and to elucidate mediating factors between self-efficacy and HRQoL. General self-efficacy measured four months after MI was positively related to HRQoL after two years. In tests of indirect effects, fatigue meditated the effects between self-efficacy and the physical and the mental dimension of HRQoL, respectively. The indirect effect of disturbed sleep went through that of fatigue. To conclude, patients who suffer from post-MI fatigue may need support aimed at helping them increase their self-efficacy as well as helping them adapt to sleep hygiene principles and cope with fatigue, both of which will have positive influences on HRQoL.

  • 3. Kaldo, Viktor
    et al.
    Richards, Jeff
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi, CS.
    Tinnitus Stages of Change Questionnaire: Psychometric development and validation2006Inngår i: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, E-ISSN 1465-3966, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 483-497Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the development of the Tinnitus Stages of Change Questionnaire (TSOCQ), which aims to assess the readiness of tinnitus patients to change their behaviors and attitudes in relation to tinnitus. Its ability to predict treatment outcome was also investigated. One hundred and fifty-one patients with tinnitus completed the questionnaire. Through repeated principal component analyses, together with judgments of the factors' theoretical relevance, empirically and clinically meaningful scales were derived. A factor solution in accordance with the transtheoretical model (TTM) and with acceptable psychometric properties was found with the five scales of the TSOCQ labeled Precontemplation (Medical Solution), Precontemplation (Helplessness), Contemplation, Preparation and Action/Maintenance. Participants scoring high on Precontemplation (Helplessness) and low on Action/Maintenance had better treatment outcomes. In conclusion, the TSOCQ had some ability to predict treatment success, but further research is required into the utility of the TTM for understanding the rehabilitation process in tinnitus patients. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

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