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  • 1.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Atheism and how it is perceived: Manipulation of, bias against and ways to reduce the bias2016Inngår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 68, nr 3, s. 194-203Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the cognitive foundations of religion and experimental methods have been used to explain religious behaviours. However, in the world, there are a substantial number of non-believers (atheists), and this has been a largely unknown field for experimental and more basic research informed by cognitive science. This has now changed and in this review, I cover three domains of study. First, studies in which belief in God has been manipulated in the direction of showing less belief are reviewed. For example, it is shown that analytical thinking reduces religious belief. Second, recent studies on cognitive bias against atheists are covered showing that atheists are distrusted, elicit disgust and are viewed as immoral both explicitly and implicitly. Third, I review studies in which prejudice against atheists has been experimentally manipulated showing that it is possible to reduce bias against atheists. I conclude the paper arguing that the bias against atheists need to be investigated in the Scan-dinavian countries.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cuijpers, Pim
    Vrije University of Amsterdam.
    Psychological treatment as an umbrella term for evidence-based psychotherapies?2009Inngår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 61, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this review paper is to comment on a suggestion proposed by David Barlow [Barlow, D. H. (2004). Psychological treatments. American Psychologist, 59, 869-878.], that evidence-based psychotherapies with a clear medical objective should go under the name of "psychological treatments". We begin by describing the definition of psychotherapy and the role of common factors. We then briefly present how different "schools of psychotherapy" are differentiated. In the literature it is clear that psychological treatments can be both more broad in terms of the ways of delivery (e. g., Internet-based treatment), but also more narrow than psychotherapies, as psychological treatments are now increasingly regarded as evidence-based medical treatments for specific medical conditions. Psychological treatments are also increasingly recommended in treatment guidelines. Some benefits from using the concept of psychological treatment instead of the equally important but less medically oriented term psychotherapy are presented. As the regular "brand names" of psychotherapy are increasingly integrating procedures from different schools of therapy, and that the objective of psychotherapy often is adjustment and growth, we agree with the suggestion by Barlow that endorsing the term "psychological treatment" could facilitate the further dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatment procedures.

  • 3. Elsass, Peter
    et al.
    Forsten-Lindman, Nina
    Hurme, Helena
    Jensen, Tine
    Nielsen, Klaus
    Granstroem, Kjell
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Smari, Jakob
    Sveaass, Nora
    The local within the global2006Inngår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 58, nr 1Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Granström, Kjell
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för pedagogik i utbildning och skola, PiUS.
    Stiwne, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi, CS.
    Group mind in Christian communities2006Inngår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 58, s. 74-88Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, group movements in different Christian communities were analysed by use of an expanded model of Janis' (1972, 1982) concept groupthink (Granstrom & Stiwne, 1998). Much research in the psychology of religion has focused on individual differences. The focus of this study was on religious groups qua group, and processes that may influence their work and primary task. The groups studied were classified in one of three organisational clusters based on their way of organising work - ranging from more teamwork to more hierarchical oriented organisations. The results showed that there were considerable differences between different religious groups as to their groupthink tendencies, indicating that religiosity as such is not a sufficient explanation of group dynamics in such groups. However, the way of organising work may be an important factor for understanding groupthink tendencies. Another contribution was the application of the concept groupthink to rather ordinary religious groups. Groupthink has mainly been used to explain political, military or industrial fiascos. In this case the concept was applied to everyday life pointing to its explanatory value.

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