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  • 1.
    Bandick, Roger
    Institute of Business and Technology & Department of Economics at Aarhus School of Business, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Multinationals and plant survival2010In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 146, no 4, p. 609-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how different ownership structures affect plant survival, and second, to analyze how the presence of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) affects domestic plants’ survival. Using a unique and detailed data set on the Swedish manufacturing sector, I am able to separate plants into those owned by foreign MNEs, domestic MNEs, exporting non-MNEs, and purely domestic firms. In line with previous findings, the result, when conditioned on other factors affecting survival, shows that foreign MNE plants have lower survival rates than non-MNE plants. However, separating the non-MNEs into exporters and non-exporters, the result shows that foreign MNE plants have higher survival rates than non-exporting non-MNEs, while the survival rates of foreign MNE plants and exporting non-MNE plants do not seem to differ. Moreover, the simple non-parametric estimates show that domestic MNE plants are more likely to exit the market than other plants, also when controlling for plant-specific differences. Finally, foreign presence in the market seems to have had a negative impact on the survival rate of plants in non-exporting non-MNEs, but not to have affected plants in exporting non-MNEs or plants in domestic MNEs.

  • 2.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden; Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aabyhøj, Denmark.
    Hansson, Pär
    Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden2009In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 145, no 1, p. 111-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We observe a substantial increase in foreign ownership in Sweden in the 1990s. Did that have any effect on relative demand for skilled labor? Has technology transfers-often associated with inward FDI-led to an increased demand for skills due to skilled-biased technical change? Are there any grounds for the concerns in the public Swedish debate that more skilled activities have been moved to other countries where the headquarters are located? Estimating relative labor demand at the firm level and using propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation, we obtain support for that relative demand for skilled labor tend to rise in non-multinationals (non-MNEs)-but not in multinationals (MNEs)-that become foreign-owned. Other interesting findings are that larger presence of foreign MNEs in an industry appears to have a positive impact on the relative demand for skills in Swedish MNEs within the same industry and that the elasticity of substitution between skilled and less-skilled labor seems to be lower in MNEs than in non-MNEs.

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