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  • 1.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Rethinking outsourcing in manufacturing - a tale of two telecom firms2004In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 22, no No. 2, p. 211-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s outsourcing has been a major industrial trend. In the literature the economic advantages of outsourcing are often taken for granted. This article aims to take a detailed look at actual outcomes in terms of costs and competences. The focus is on outsourcing of manufacturing in the telecom equipment industry. The article builds on a comparative study of two leading firms, Ericsson (global leader in digital networks) and Nokia (world leader in cellular phone).The comparison reveals strikingly different strategies for production and outsourcing, which lends support for a critical rethinking of general outsourcing trends.

  • 2.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    The integrator's new advantage - The reassessment of outsourcing and production competence in a global telecom firm2008In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 314-324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, the telecom equipment industry has been at the forefront of outsourcing and relocating production operations to contract manufacturing firms located in Asia and Eastern Europe. Recently, however, leading firms have begun to revise this strategy, based on their recognition of the continual importance of technological leadership and integration capabilities. Using a case study of a key company, this paper explores the dynamics of outsourcing and production strategies in the telecom equipment industry. One of the central aspects under study is the interaction of product development with industrialisation and production. The paper analyses issues such as component standardisation versus differentiation and technological integration, the value of deep integration capabilities for cost reductions, and why production competence and the rapid industrialisation of products incorporating new technologies have acquired renewed importance, despite the global trend towards lowest-cost locations. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 3.
    Gauthereau, V.
    et al.
    Department of Work Psychology, Université de Lièe, Boulevard de Rectarat 5, B-4000 Lièe, Belgium.
    Hollnagel, Erik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, CSELAB - Cognitive Systems Engineering Laboratory.
    Planning, control, and adaptation: A case study2005In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 118-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article relates the findings of an ethnographically informed study conducted at a Swedish Nuclear Power Plant. It describes a set of events while the plant was shut down for a short non-productive outage. In order to understand better how high-reliability organizations successfully manage the conflict between bureaucratic planning and flexibility we provide a description of simultaneous levels of control that dissolve the conflict. Instead of merely describing actions as planned, or improvised, the present work illustrates that no clear-cut distinctions can be drawn between what is improvisation and what is not. Understanding planning as a control activity as well, enables us to grasp the different values of the canonical activity of planning. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Havemo, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A visual perspective on value creation: Exploring patterns in business model diagrams2018In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 441-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was inspired by the diversity of styles found in the way companies represent their business model visually. Through the visual analysis of how 242 business model diagrams collected from websites and annual reports represent transformation of value, this study identifies a typology of four basic patterns of business model visualization. The typology adds to previous visualization research by proposing two new types of transformational diagram formats, namely transactive and cyclical structures. It is further argued that the typology can be used as a framework for researchers to describe, evaluate and compare the underlying logics of value creation in business model conceptualizations, and for practitioners to generate different business model designs by drawing on the benefits of visualization, such as a more holistic understanding of ideas, better buy-in and improved group communication. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Iveroth, Einar
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Petri, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olve, Nils-Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cöster, Mathias
    Gotland University, Visby.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University.
    How to differentiate by price: Proposal for a five-dimensional mode2013In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyse the repertoire of possible price models that organisations may deploy for their products and services. This is attained by developing the SBIFT model that suggests that organisations can differentiate by price along five dimensions. Previous research on pricing has been dispersed across different academic disciplines. This article offers a more integrated perspective, derived from earlier theory as well as discussions in a collaborative research project with the international telecom company Ericsson. The model can be used as a tool for price modelling in a descriptive and prescriptive sense. Altogether, this article uncovers implicit features of price models, and by doing so it illustrates how an organisation can differentiate and re-invent their offering based on price.

  • 6.
    Kald, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, EISLAB - Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, EISLAB - Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Performance measurement at Nordic companies2000In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past decade there have been considerable changes in methods of management control. To a considerable degree, these changes are due to growing globalization and stiffening competition. In the face of these new challenges, there has been serious dissatisfaction with traditional methods of management control. In the Nordic countries there has been a particular interest in ways to improve performance measurement, especially the Balanced Scorecard. At present, however, our knowledge about how Nordic companies design and use systems of performance measurement is limited. In view of this situation, a questionnaire-based study was conducted. Performance measurement was examined in the following dimensions: (1) structure; (2) processes; (3) use; and (4) benefits and shortcomings. The use of three well-known models of performance measurement was also studied. Responses to the questionnaire were submitted by 236 business units, which belong to major corporate groups in the Nordic countries. The findings show that performance measurement is relatively well developed in the Nordic countries, and that the benefits are perceived as outweighing the shortcomings.

  • 7.
    Kindström, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Towards a service-based business model - Key aspects for future competitive advantage2010In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 479-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many product-based companies are seeking to increase their competiveness by moving towards a service-based business model This research is based on a multiple case study of seven manufacturing companies and by using the business model concept it links managerial activities to a service innovation framework to emphasise how companies can best take advantage of a new service based business model Findings indicate that corn panies need to focus on all areas of their business models in a holistic fashion, and not just change isolated elements Among other challenges, companies must develop their abilities to build relationships with customers, to visualize the intangible value of their service offerings, and to advance a dynamic service offering portfolio that is adaptive to changing customer needs

  • 8.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, EISLAB - Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Kald, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, EISLAB - Economic Information Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Recent advances in performance management: the Nordic case2002In: European Management Journal, ISSN 0263-2373, E-ISSN 1873-5681, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 235-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the findings of an empirical study of 209 firms in the Nordic countries. The purpose of the article is to discuss recent advances in performance management, both for the Nordic Region as a whole and in individual countries. The findings show that the performance management systems of the Nordic firms under study are used both diagnostically and interactively. The two principal applications are in decision support at the top management and the operating levels. Furthermore, in the design of the performance management systems, both financial and nonfinancial measures are quite significant. These tendencies are particularly noticeable at the Danish, Finnish, and Swedish companies. At the Norwegian companies, on the other hand, the design and uses of performance management are somewhat more traditional.

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