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  • 1.
    Chaharsoughi, Mina Shiran
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tordera, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Grimoldi, Andrea
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Engquist, Isak
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fabiano, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hybrid Plasmonic and Pyroelectric Harvesting of Light Fluctuations2018In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    State-of-the-art solar energy harvesting systems based on photovoltaic technology require constant illumination for optimal operation. However, weather conditions and solar illumination tend to fluctuate. Here, a device is presented that extracts electrical energy from such light fluctuations. The concept combines light-induced heating of gold nanodisks (acting as plasmonic optical nanoantennas), and an organic pyroelectric copolymer film (poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene)), that converts temperature changes into electrical signals. This hybrid device can repeatedly generate current pulses, not only upon the onset of illumination, but also when illumination is blocked. Detailed characterization highlights the key role of the polarization state of the copolymer, while the copolymer thickness has minor influence on performance. The results are fully consistent with plasmon-assisted pyroelectric effects, as corroborated by combined optical and thermal simulations that match the experimental results. Owing to the tunability of plasmonic resonances, the presented concept is compatible with harvesting near infrared light while concurrently maintaining visible transparency.

  • 2.
    Chen, Hongting
    et al.
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Fan, Lianwei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Rui
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Bao, Chunxiong
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhao, Haifeng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Xiang, Wei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Wei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Niu, Guangda
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Runda
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Louwen
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Lei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    High-Efficiency Formamidinium Lead Bromide Perovskite Nanocrystal-Based Light-Emitting Diodes Fabricated via a Surface Defect Self-Passivation Strategy2020In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, article id 1901390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr(3)) nanocrystals (NCs) demonstrate great potential in light-emitting diode (LED) applications due to their pure green emission and excellent stability. However, the abundant defects at the surface of the NCs act as charge trapping centers and significantly increase the trap-assisted nonradiative recombination channels, hampering the performance improvement of LEDs based on FAPbBr(3) NCs. Herein, a facile self-passivation strategy of the surface defects is developed by introducing excess formamidinium bromide (FABr) during the colloidal synthesis of NCs, leading to much improved photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of the obtained NCs. In addition, enhanced charge transport property is measured in the assembled films owing to the simultaneously declined insulating ligands at the surface of NCs. The molar ratio of FABr and PbBr2 is rationally optimized during the synthesis of NCs and high-efficient green-emissive LEDs are fabricated with a champion current efficiency of 76.8 cd A(-1), corresponding to an external quantum efficiency of 17.1%, which is among the best-performing green LEDs based on perovskite NCs so far.

  • 3.
    Cheng, Li-Peng
    et al.
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Jing-Sheng
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Shen, Yang
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Li, Guo-Peng
    Hefei Univ Technol HFUT, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Xiaoke
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Wei
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Yu-Han
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Li, Yan-Qing
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, Yang
    Hefei Univ Technol HFUT, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lee, Chun-Sing
    City Univ Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Tang, Jian-Xin
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Efficient CsPbBr3 Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes Enabled by Synergetic Morphology Control2019In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 1801534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of solution-processed inorganic metal halide perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) is currently hindered by low emission efficiency due to morphological defects and severe non-radiative recombination in all-inorganic perovskite emitters. Herein, bright PeLEDs are demonstrated by synergetic morphology control over cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) perovskite films with the combination of two additives. The phenethylammonium bromide additive enables the formation of mixed-dimensional CsPbBr3 perovskites featuring the reduced grain size (amp;lt;15 nm) and efficient energy funneling, while the dielectric polyethyleneglycol additive promotes the formation of highly compact and pinhole-free perovskite films with defect passivation at grain boundaries. Consequently, green PeLEDs achieve a current efficiency of 37.14 cd A(-1) and an external quantum efficiency of 13.14% with the maximum brightness up to 45 990 cd m(-2) and high color purity. Furthermore, this method can be effectively extended to realize flexible PeLEDs on plastic substrates with a high efficiency of 31.0 cd A(-1).

  • 4.
    Shi, Xiaobo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Yuan
    Tech Univ Dresden, Germany.
    Yuan, Zhongcheng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xiaoke
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. South China Univ Technol, Peoples R China; Zhejiang Univ, Peoples R China.
    Miao, Yanfeng
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Jianpu
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Lenk, Simone
    Tech Univ Dresden, Germany.
    Reineke, Sebastian
    Tech Univ Dresden, Germany.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Optical Energy Losses in Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes2018In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 6, no 17, article id 1800667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites, in particular, 3D and quasi-2D ones, are in the fast development and their external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) have exceeded 10%, making them competitive candidates toward large-area and low-cost light-emitting applications allowing printing techniques. Similar to other LED categories, light out-coupling efficiency is an important parameter determining the EQE of perovskite LEDs (PeLEDs), which, however, is scarcely studied, limiting further efficiency improvement and understanding of PeLEDs. In this work, for the first time, optical energy losses in PeLEDs are investigated through systematic optical simulations, which reveal that the 3D and quasi-2D PeLEDs can achieve theoretically maximum EQEs of approximate to 25% and approximate to 20%, respectively, in spite of their high refractive indices. These results are consistent with the reported experimental data. This work presents primary understanding of the optical energy losses in PeLEDs and will spur new developments in the aspects of device engineering and light extraction techniques to boost the EQEs of PeLEDs.

  • 5.
    Xiong, Shaobing
    et al.
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Yuan, Meng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Yang, Jianming
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Song, Jingnan
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Xuewen
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Li, Xiang
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Li, Bo
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Duan, Chungang
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China; Shanxi Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Feng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bao, Qinye
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China; Shanxi Univ, Peoples R China.
    Engineering of the Back Contact between PCBM and Metal Electrode for Planar Perovskite Solar Cells with Enhanced Efficiency and Stability2019In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 7, no 19, article id 1900542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The cathode interface plays a critical role in achieving high-performance fullerene/perovskite planar solar cells. Herein, the simple molecule Isatin and its derivatives are introduced at the back contact [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)/Al as a cathode modification interlayer. It is revealed that the Isatin interlayers facilitate electron transport/extraction and suppress electron recombination, attributed to the formation of negative dipole potential steps and the passivation of the interfacial trap density. The average power conversion efficiencies of the resulting devices are significantly improved by 11% from 17.68% to 19.74%, with an enhancement in all device parameters including short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, and fill factor. The hysteresis index is found to disappear. In addition, such interlayer enhances device stability under ambient conditions compared to the control devices due to suppression of moisture-induced degradation of the perovskite films. These findings provide a comprehensive understanding of the engineering of the back contact between PCBM and the metal electrode to improve efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells.

  • 6.
    Yang, Jianming
    et al.
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Hong, Qiuming
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Yuan, Zhongcheng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Xu, Ruipeng
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Xuewen
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Xiong, Shaobing
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Yanqing
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Tang, Jianxin
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Duan, Chungang
    East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China; Shanxi Univ, Peoples R China.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bao, Qinye
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. East China Normal Univ, Peoples R China; Shanxi Univ, Peoples R China; Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Unraveling Photostability of Mixed Cation Perovskite Films in Extreme Environment2018In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 6, no 20, article id 1800262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organometal halide perovskites exhibit a bright future for applications in solar cells, as efficiency has achieved over 22%. The long-term stability remains a major obstacle for commercialization. Here, it is found that three cationic compositional engineered perovskites, MAPb(I0.83Br0.17)(3), FA(0.83)MA(0.17)Pb(I0.83Br0.17)(3), and Cs-0.1(FA(0.83)MA(0.17))(0.9)Pb(I0.83Br0.17)(3), undergo severe degradation under white-light illumination in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) environment, but the rate of degradation is significantly lower for the mixed cation perovskites. This is attributed to the defect-induced trap states that trigger the strong coupling between the photoexcited carriers and the crystal lattice. The observed behavior supports the view of the mixed cations suppressing the photoinduced degradation. It is further demonstrated that UHV environment remarkably accelerates the degradation of the perovskite films under illumination, which delivers a very important message that the current hybrid perovskite materials and their optoelectronic devices are not suitable for application in outer space. Moreover, the applied UHV environment can be an accelerated test method to estimate the photostability of the perovskites.

  • 7.
    Yang, Jie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Shenzhen Univ, Peoples R China.
    Bao, Chunxiong
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Shenzhen Univ, Peoples R China.
    Ning, Weihua
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Bo
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Singapore.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yan, Zhibo
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Nanjing Univ, Peoples R China.
    Tao, Youtian
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Jun-Ming
    Nanjing Univ, Peoples R China.
    Sum, Tze Chien
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Singapore.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Jianpu
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Wei
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Wenjing
    Shenzhen Univ, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Stable, High-Sensitivity and Fast-Response Photodetectors Based on Lead-Free Cs2AgBiBr6 Double Perovskite Films2019In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 7, no 13, article id 1801732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solution-processed metal halide perovskites (MHPs) have demonstrated great advances on achieving high-performance photodetectors. However, the intrinsic material instability and the toxicity of lead still hinder the practical applications of MHPs-based photodetectors. In this work, the first highly sensitive and fast-response lead-free perovskite photodetectors based on Cs2AgBiBr6 double perovskite films are demonstrated. A convenient solution method is developed to deposit high-quality Cs2AgBiBr6 film with large grain sizes, low trap densities, and long charge carrier lifetimes. Incorporated within a photodiode device architecture comprised of optimized hole- and electron-transporting layers, lead-free perovskite photodetectors are achieved exhibiting a high detectivity of 3.29 x 10(12) Jones, a large linear dynamic range of 193 dB, and a fast response time of approximate to 17 ns. All the key figures of merit of the devices are comparable with the reported best-performing photodetectors based on lead halide perovskites. In addition, the resulting devices exhibit excellent thermal and environmental stability. The nonencapsulated devices show negligible degradation after thermal stressing at 150 degrees C and less than 5% degradation in the photoresponsivity after storage in ambient air for approximate to 2300 h. The results demonstrate the great potential of the lead-free Cs2AgBiBr6 double perovskite in applications for environmentally friendly and high-performance photodetectors.

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