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  • 1.
    Almer, Sven
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Novel Strategies in the Thiopurine Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease2010Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 29, nr 04-Jun, s. 267-277Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Thiopurine drugs are widely used as immunomodulatory and corticosteroid-sparing agents in inflammatory bowel disease. Despite being old drugs, a renewed research and clinical interest in their application has emerged during the last decade. The application of pharmacogenetic insights and metabolic monitoring, together with treatment strategies in combination with anti-TNF-antibodies and possibilities to modulate their metabolism, has paved the way to a omoderno use of the thiopurines. These aspects are briefly overviewed herein.

  • 2.
    Fotoohi, Alan Kambiz
    et al.
    KI, Stockolm.
    Lindqvist Appell, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Peterson, Curt
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Albertioni, Freidoun
    KI, Stockholm.
    Impaired transport as a mechanism of resistance to thiopurines in human T-lymphoblastic leukemia cells2006Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 25, nr 9-11, s. 1039-1044Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to better understand the mechanisms of resistance to thiopurines, we studied two sublines of the MOLT4 T-lymphoblastic leukemia cell line, resistant to 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and 6-thioguanine (6-TG). We found that the underlying mechanism of resistance in both resistant cell lines was a markedly reduction in initial transport of 6-MP (3- and 5-fold, respectively, in 6-MP- and 6-TG-resistant cells). No significant alteration of activities of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase, thiopurine methyltransferase or inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, the key enzymes involved in the metabolism of thiopurines was detected. We conclude that defected initial transport of thiopurines by cells may very well explain their resistance to these drugs. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 3.
    Fyrberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Albertioni, Freidoun
    Cancer Center Karolinska, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm.
    Lotfi, Kourosh
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk farmakologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Hematologiska kliniken. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    RNAi Depletion of Deoxycytidine and Deoxyguanosine Kinase in Human Leukemic CEM Cells2008Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 27, nr 6-7, s. 712-719Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Resistance toward nucleoside analogues is often due to decreased activities of the activating enzymes deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and/or deoxyguanosine kinase (dGK). With small interfering RNA (siRNA), dCK and dGK were downregulated by approximately 70% in CEM cells and tested against six nucleoside analogues using the methyl thiazol tetrazolium assay. SiRNA-transfected cells reduced in dCK activity were 3- to 6-fold less sensitive to CdA, AraC, and CAFdA. The sensitivity to AraG and FaraA was unchanged, while the sensitivity toward gemcitabine was significantly increased. dGK depletion in cells resulted in lower sensitivity to FaraA, dFdC, CAFdA, and AraG, but slightly higher sensitivity to CdA and AraC.

  • 4.
    Fyrberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning.
    Lotfi, Kourosh
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    NUCLEOSIDE ANALOG ACTIVITY IN MALIGNANT MELANOMA CELL LINES2015Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 34, nr 9, s. 639-649Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mitochondrial deoxyguanosine kinase (dGK), is an enzyme responsible for activation of nucleoside analogs (NAs) to phosphorylated compounds which exert profound cytotoxicity, especially in hematological malignancies. Screening malignant melanoma cell lines against NAs revealed high sensitivity to several of them. This was believed to be due to the high levels of dGK expression in these cells. Downregulation of dGK in the melanoma cell line RaH5 using siRNA did not cause resistance to NAs as expected, but instead cells became more sensitive. This was probably partly due to the increased activity of another mitochondrial enzyme, thymidine kinase 2, seen in transfected cells.

  • 5.
    Fyrberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Mirzaee, S
    Lotfi, Kourosh
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Cell cycle dependent regulation of deoxycytidine kinase, deoxyguanosine kinase, and cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase I activity in MOLT-4 cells2006Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 25, nr 9-11, s. 1201-1204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Activation of nucleoside analogues is dependent on kinases and 5′-nucleotidases and the balance between the activity of these enzymes. The purpose of this study was to analyze deoxycytidine kinase, deoxyguanosine kinase, and 4 different 5′-nucleotidases during cell cycle progression in MOLT-4 cells. The activity of both kinases was cell cycle dependent and increased during proliferation while the activity of cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase I decreased. We could show that the kinase activity was higher than the total nucleotidase activity, which was unchanged or decreased during cell cycle progression. These data may be important in designing modern combination therapy with nucleoside analogues. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 6.
    Lindqvist Appell, Malin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Hindorf, U
    Almer, Sven
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Söderkvist, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Avdelningen för medicinsk cellbiologi.
    Ström, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Hjortswang, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Peterson, Curt
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Klinisk farmakologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    No induction of thiopurine methyltransferase during thiopurine treatment in inflammatory bowel disease2006Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 25, nr 9-11, s. 1033-1037Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to follow, during standardized initiation of thiopurine treatment, thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) gene expression and enzyme activity and thiopurine metabolite concentrations, and to study the role of TPMT and ITPA 94C > A polymorphisms for the development of adverse drug reactions. Sixty patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease were included in this open and prospective multi-center study. Thiopurine naïve patients were prescribed azathioprine (AZA), patients previously intolerant to AZA received 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). The patients followed a predetermined dose escalation schedule, reaching target dose at Week 3, 2.5 and 1.25 mg/kg body weight for AZA and 6-MP, respectively. The patients were followed every week during Weeks 1-8 from baseline and then every 4 weeks until 20 weeks. TPMT activity and thiopurine metabolites were determined in erythrocytes, TPMT and ITPA genotypes, and TPMT gene expression were determined in whole blood. One homozygous TPMT-deficient patient was excluded. Five non compliant patients were withdrawn during the first weeks. Twenty-seven patients completed the study per protocol, 27 patients were withdrawn because of adverse events. Sixty-seven percent of the withdrawn patients tolerated thiopurines at a lower dose at Week 20. There was no difference in baseline TPMT enzyme activity between individuals completing the study and those withdrawn for adverse events (p = 0.45). A significant decrease in TPMT gene expression (TPMT/huCYC ratio, p = 0.02) was found, however TPMT enzyme activity did not change. TPMT heterozygous individuals had a lower probability of remaining in the study on the predetermined dose (p = 0.039). The ITPA 94C > A polymorphism was not predictive of adverse events (p = 0.35). Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 7.
    Vikingsson, Svante
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Carlsson, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk farmakologi.
    Almer, Sven
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Peterson, Curt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk farmakologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Onkologiska kliniken US.
    How Should Thiopurine Treatment be Monitored? Methodological Aspects2010Inngår i: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids, ISSN 1525-7770, E-ISSN 1532-2335, Vol. 29, nr 04-Jun, s. 278-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Monitoring of thiopurine metabolites is important due to a complex metabolism with large interindividual variation, but the suitability of currently used methods has been questioned. The drawbacks include poor reproducibility, the inability to differentiate between the different analytes, as well as the use of a nontarget matrix. Further research should be directed toward measuring thiopurine metabolites in mononuclear cells, measuring the different nucleotides specifically, as well as measuring the incorporation of thioguanine into DNA. The studies should not be limited to thioguanosine nucleotides but include methylthioinosine nucleotides as well.

1 - 7 of 7
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