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  • 1.
    Adam, Rania Elhadi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik, elektroteknik och matematik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Chalangar, Ebrahim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik, elektroteknik och matematik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. School of Information Technology, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Pirhashemi, Mahsa
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
    Pozina, Galia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Palisaitis, Justinas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pettersson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik, elektroteknik och matematik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. School of Information Technology, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; Solid State Physics and NanoLund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik, elektroteknik och matematik.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik, elektroteknik och matematik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Graphene-based plasmonic nanocomposites for highly enhanced solar-driven photocatalytic activities2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 52, s. 30585-30598Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High-efficiency photocatalysts are crucial for the removal of organic pollutants and environmental sustainability. In the present work, we report on a new low-temperature hydrothermal chemical method, assisted by ultrasonication, to synthesize disruptive plasmonic ZnO/graphene/Ag/AgI nanocomposites for solar-driven photocatalysis. The plasmonic nanocomposites were investigated by a wide range of characterization techniques, confirming successful formation of photocatalysts with excellent degradation efficiency. Using Congo red as a model dye molecule, our experimental results demonstrated a photocatalytic reactivity exceeding 90% efficiency after one hour simulated solar irradiation. The significantly enhanced degradation efficiency is attributed to improved electronic properties of the nanocomposites by hybridization of the graphene and to the addition of Ag/AgI which generates a strong surface plasmon resonance effect in the metallic silver further improving the photocatalytic activity and stability under solar irradiation. Scavenger experiments suggest that superoxide and hydroxyl radicals are responsible for the photodegradation of Congo red. Our findings are important for the fundamental understanding of the photocatalytic mechanism of ZnO/graphene/Ag/AgI nanocomposites and can lead to further development of novel efficient photocatalyst materials.

  • 2.
    Ali Soomro, Razium
    et al.
    University of Bristol, England; University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Richard Hallam, Keith
    University of Bristol, England.
    Hussain Ibupoto, Zafar
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Jawaid, Sana
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Tufail Hussain Sherazi, Syed
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Sirajjuddin,
    Univ Sindh, Natl Ctr Excellence Analyt Chem, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A highly selective and sensitive electrochemical determination of melamine based on succinic acid functionalized copper oxide nanostructures2015Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, nr 127, s. 105090-105097Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the development of a highly selective and sensitive electrochemical sensor for the determination of melamine from aqueous environments. The sensor system is based on functionalised marigold-like CuO nanostructures fabricated using a controlled hydrothermal process, where the utilised succinic acid is considered to play a dual role as a functionalising and growth controlling agent (modifier). The fabricated nanostructures exhibit sharp and well-ordered structural features with dimensions (thickness) in the range of 10-50 nm. The sensor system exhibits strong linearity within the concentration range of 0.1 x 10(-9) to 5.6 x 10(-9) M and demonstrates an excellent limit of detection up to 0.1 x 10(-10) M. The extreme selectivity and sensing capability of the developed sensor is attributed to the synergy of selective interaction between succinic acid and melamine moieties, and the high surface area of marigold-like CuO nanostructures. In addition to this, the developed sensor was also utilised for the determination of melamine from real milk samples collected from different regions of Hyderabad, Pakistan. The obtained excellent recoveries proved the feasibility of the sensor for real life applications. The sensor system offers an operative measure for detecting extremely low melamine content with high selectivity in food contents.

  • 3.
    Amin, Sidra
    et al.
    Lulea Univ Technol, Sweden; Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Univ, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Lulea Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Solangi, Amber
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Beni, Valerio
    Res Inst Sweden, Sweden.
    Morante, J. R.
    Catalonia Inst Energy Res IREC, Spain.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mazzaro, Raffaello
    Lulea Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Lulea Univ Technol, Sweden; Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Vomiero, Alberto
    Lulea Univ Technol, Sweden.
    A practical non-enzymatic urea sensor based on NiCo2O4 nanoneedles2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 25, s. 14443-14451Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a new facile electrochemical sensing platform for determination of urea, based on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with nickel cobalt oxide (NiCo2O4) nanoneedles. These nanoneedles are used for the first time for highly sensitive determination of urea with the lowest detection limit (1 mu M) ever reported for the non-enzymatic approach. The nanoneedles were grown through a simple and low-temperature aqueous chemical method. We characterized the structural and morphological properties of the NiCo2O4 nanoneedles by TEM, SEM, XPS and XRD. The bimetallic nickel cobalt oxide exhibits nanoneedle morphology, which results from the self-assembly of nanoparticles. The NiCo2O4 nanoneedles are exclusively composed of Ni, Co, and O and exhibit a cubic crystalline phase. Cyclic voltammetry was used to study the enhanced electrochemical properties of a NiCo2O4 nanoneedle-modified GCE by overcoming the typical poor conductivity of bare NiO and Co3O4. The GCE-modified electrode is highly sensitive towards urea, with a linear response (R-2 = 0.99) over the concentration range 0.01-5 mM and with a detection limit of 1.0 mu M. The proposed non-enzymatic urea sensor is highly selective even in the presence of common interferents such as glucose, uric acid, and ascorbic acid. This new urea sensor has good viability for urea analysis in urine samples and can represent a significant advancement in the field, owing to the simple and cost-effective fabrication of electrodes, which can be used as a promising analytical tool for urea estimation.

  • 4.
    Arain, Munazza
    et al.
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Nafady, Ayman
    King Saud University, Saudi Arabia; Sohag University, Egypt.
    Sirajuddin,
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Ibupoto, ZH
    Univ Sindh, Pakistan.
    Sherazi, Syed Tufail Hussain
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Shaikh, Tayyaba
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Khan, Hamayun
    Islamia Coll University, Pakistan.
    Alsalme, Ali
    King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
    Niaz, Abdul
    Bannu University of Science and Technology, Pakistan.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Simpler and highly sensitive enzyme-free sensing of urea via NiO nanostructures modified electrode2016Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, nr 45, s. 39001-39006Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, NiO nanostructures were synthesized via a hydrothermal process using ascorbic acid as doping agent in the presence of ammonia. As prepared nanostructures were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). These analyses showed that these nanostructures are in the form of cotton-like porous material and crystalline in nature. Furthermore, the average size of these NiO crystallites was estimated to be 3.8 nm. These nanostructures were investigated for their potential to be a highly sensitive and selective enzyme-free sensor for detection of urea after immobilizing on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) using 0.1% Nafion as binder. The response of this as developed amperometric sensor was linear in the range of 100-1100 mu M urea with a R-2 value of 0.990 and limit of detection (LOD) of 10 mu M. The sensor responded negligibly to various interfering species including glucose, uric acid, and ascorbic acid. This sensor was applied successfully for determining urea in real water samples such as mineral water, tap water, and river water with acceptable recovery.

  • 5.
    Bai, Sai
    et al.
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    He, Shasha
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yizheng
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Zhongwei
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Xia, Zhouhui
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Baoquan
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Xin
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Ye, Zhizhen
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Shao, Shuyan
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Electrophoretic deposited oxide thin films as charge transporting interlayers for solution-processed optoelectronic devices: the case of ZnO nanocrystals2015Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, nr 11, s. 8216-8222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A promising fabrication method of electron transporting interlayers for solution-processed optoelectronic devices by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of colloidal zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocrystals was demonstrated. A low voltage of 3-5 V and a short deposition time of 40 s at room temperature were found to be sufficient to generate dense and uniform ZnO thin films. The EPD ZnO nanocrystal films were applied as ETLs for inverted organic solar cell and polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs). By optimizing the EPD processing of ZnO nanocrystal electron transporting layers (ETLs), inverted organic solar cells based on [3,4-b]-thiophene/benzodithiophene (PTB7): [6-6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT): [6-6]-phenyl-C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) with an average PCE of 8.4% and 4.0% were fabricated. In combination with the PLEDs and flexible devices results, we conclude that the EPD processed ZnOnanocrystal thin films can serve as high quality ETLs for solution-processed optoelectronic devices.

  • 6.
    Björk, Emma
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Nanostrukturerade material. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Univ Ulm, Germany.
    Baumann, Bernhard
    Univ Ulm, Germany.
    Hausladen, Florian
    Ulm Univ, Germany.
    Wittig, Rainer
    Ulm Univ, Germany.
    Linden, Mika
    Univ Ulm, Germany.
    Cell adherence and drug delivery from particle based mesoporous silica films2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 31, s. 17745-17753Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatially and temporally controlled drug delivery is important for implant and tissue engineering applications, as the efficacy and bioavailability of the drug can be enhanced, and can also allow for drugging stem cells at different stages of development. Long-term drug delivery over weeks to months is however difficult to achieve, and coating of 3D surfaces or creating patterned surfaces is a challenge using coating techniques like spin- and dip-coating. In this study, mesoporous films consisting of SBA-15 particles grown onto silicon wafers using wet processing were evaluated as a scaffold for drug delivery. Films with various particle sizes (100-900 nm) and hence thicknesses were grown onto trichloro(octadecyl)silane-functionalized silicon wafers using a direct growth method. Precise patterning of the areas for film growth could be obtained by local removal of the OTS functionalization through laser ablation. The films were incubated with the drug model 3,3 -dioctadecyloxacarbocyanine perchlorate (DiO), and murine myoblast cells (C2C12 cells) were seeded onto films with different particle sizes. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to study the cell growth, and a vinculin-mediated adherence of C2C12 cells on all films was verified. The successful loading of DiO into the films was confirmed by UV-vis and CLSM. It was observed that the drugs did not desorb from the particles during 24 hours in cell culture. During adherent growth on the films for 4 h, small amounts of DiO and separate particles were observed inside single cells. After 24 h, a larger number of particles and a strong DiO signal were recorded in the cells, indicating a particle mediated drug uptake. The vast majority of the DiO-loaded particles remained attached to the substrate also after 24 h of incubation, making the films attractive as longer-term reservoirs for drugs on e.g. medical implants.

  • 7.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pirhashemi, Mahsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Habibi-Yangjeh, Aziz
    University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    ZnO/Ag/Ag2WO4 photo-electrodes with plasmonic behavior for enhanced photoelectrochemical water oxidation2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 15, s. 8271-8279Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ag-based compounds are excellent co-catalyst that can enhance harvesting visible light and increase photo-generated charge carrier separation owing to its surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect in photoelectrochemical (PEC) applications. However, the PEC performance of a ZnO/Ag/Ag2WO4 heterostructure with SPR behavior has not been fully studied so far. Here we report the preparation of a ZnO/Ag/Ag2WO4 photo-electrode with SPR behavior by a low temperature hydrothermal chemical growth method followed by a successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. The properties of the prepared samples were investigated by different characterization techniques, which confirm that Ag/Ag2WO4 was deposited on the ZnO NRs. The Ag2WO4/Ag/ZnO photo-electrode showed an enhancement in PEC performance compared to bare ZnO NRs. The observed enhancement is attributed to the red shift of the optical absorption spectrum of the Ag2WO4/Ag/ZnO to the visible region (>400 nm) and to the SPR effect of surface metallic silver (Ag0) particles from the Ag/Ag2WO4 that could generate electron–hole pairs under illumination of low energy visible sun light. Finally, we proposed the PEC mechanism of the Ag2WO4/Ag/ZnO photo-electrode with an energy band structure and possible electron–hole separation and transportation in the ZnO/Ag/Ag2WO4 heterostructure with SPR effect for water oxidation. ER

  • 8.
    Fang, Changfeng
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Oruganti, Baswanth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Durbeej, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Computational study of the working mechanism and rate acceleration of overcrowded alkene-based light-driven rotary molecular motors2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 20, s. 10240-10251Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, much progress has been made in the design, synthesis and operation of light-driven rotary molecular motors based on chiral overcrowded alkenes. Through consecutive cistrans photoisomerization and thermal helix inversion steps, where the latter dictate the overall rate of rotation, these motors achieve a full 360° unidirectional rotation around the carbon–carbon double bond connecting the two (rotator and stator) alkene halves. In this work, we report quantum chemical calculations indicating that a particularly fast-rotating overcrowded alkene-based motor capable of reaching the MHz regime, can be made to rotate even faster by the substitution of a rotator methyl group with a methoxy group. Specifically, using density functional theory methods that reproduce the rate-limiting 35 kJ mol−1 thermal free-energy barriers shown by the methyl-bearing motor with errors of 5 kJ mol−1 only, it is predicted that this substitution reduces these barriers by a significant 15–20 kJ mol−1. This prediction is preceded by a series of benchmark calculations for assessing how well density functional theory methods account for available experimental data (crystallographic, UV-vis absorption, thermodynamic) on the rotary cycles of overcrowded alkenes, and a detailed examination of the thermal and photochemical reaction mechanisms of the original motor of this type.

  • 9.
    Halim, Joseph
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Persson, Ingemar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Persson, Per O A
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Rosén, Johanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sodium hydroxide and vacuum annealing modifications of the surface terminations of a Ti3C2 (MXene) epitaxial thin film2018Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 8, nr 64, s. 36785-36790Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate, and quantify, changes in structure and surface terminations of epitaxial thin films of titanium carbide (Ti3C2) MXene, when treated by sodium hydroxide solution followed by vacuum annealing at 550 degrees C. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning transmission electron microscopy, we show that NaOH treatment produce an increase in the c-lattice parameter together with an increase in the O terminations and a decrease in the F terminations. There is also an increase in the percentage of the binding energy of Ti-species in Ti 2p XPS region, which suggests an increase in the overall oxidation state of Ti. After subsequent annealing, the c-lattice parameter is slightly reduced, the overall oxidation state of Ti is decreased, and the F surface terminations are further diminished, leaving a surface with predominantly O as the surface terminating species. It is important to note that NaOH treatment facilitates removal of F at lower annealing temperatures than previously reported, which in turn is important for the range of attainable properties.

  • 10.
    Hussain Ibupoto, Zafar
    et al.
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Nafady, Aynam
    Sohag University, Egypt; King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
    Ali Soomro, Razium
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Sirajuddin,
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Tufail Hussain Sherazi, Syed
    University of Sindh, Pakistan.
    Ishaq Abro, Muhammad
    Mehran University of Engn and Technology, Pakistan.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Glycine-assisted synthesis of NiO hollow cage-like nanostructures for sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensing2015Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, nr 24, s. 18773-18781Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a highly sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensor was developed based on NiO hollow cage-like nanostructures (NiO HCs). The novel nanostructures were synthesized using hydrothermal growth route with glycine employed as an effecient growth director. The synthesized NiO HCs were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS) X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques for morphological, compositional and structural determination respectively. The prepared NiO HCs were directly integrated to be structured electrodes exhibiting enhanced electrocatalytic performance toward the oxidation of glucose with high sensitivity (2476.4 mu A mM(-1) cm(-2)), low detection limit (LOD) (0.1 mu M), wide detection range (0.1-5.0 mM) (r(2) = 0.9997) and excellent reproducibility. The developed nonenzymatic glucose sensor further demonstrated excellent anti-interference property in the presence of common interferents such as uric acid (UA), dopamine (DP) and ascorbic acid (AS). The role of glycine molecules as an efficient growth directing agent with a plausible growth mechanism has also been highlighted. In addition, the NiO HCs modified electrode was also used to analyze glucose concentration in human serum samples. The excellent sensing performance can be attributed to the unique morphology, which allowed increased electron transfer passages with lower charge transfer resistance, and enhanced molecular approach during electrochemical sensing offered from nanoscale "hollow cage" units of NiO structures.

  • 11.
    Islam, Mohammad Mirazul
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Ravichandran, Ranjithkumar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olsen, D.
    FibroGen Inc, CA 94158 USA.
    Kozak Ljunggren, Monika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Fagerholm, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Ögonkliniken US/LiM.
    Lee, Chyan-Jang
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Sensorvetenskap och Molekylfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Griffith, May
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Phopase, Jaywant
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Self-assembled collagen-like-peptide implants as alternatives to human donor corneal transplantation2016Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, nr 61, s. 55745-55749Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extracellular matrix proteins like collagen promote regeneration as implants in clinical studies. However, collagens are large and unwieldy proteins, making small functional peptide analogs potentially ideal substitutes. Self-assembling collagen-like-peptides conjugated with PEG-maleimide were assembled into hydrogels. When tested pre-clinically as corneal implants in mini-pigs, they promoted cell and nerve regeneration, forming neo-corneas structurally and functionally similar to natural corneas.

  • 12.
    Ji, Guomin
    et al.
    Shandong University, Peoples R China .
    Cui, Bin
    Shandong University, Peoples R China .
    Xu, Yuqing
    Shandong University, Peoples R China .
    Fang, Changfeng
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Zhao, Wenkai
    Shandong University, Peoples R China .
    Li, Dongmei
    Shandong University, Peoples R China .
    Liu, Desheng
    Shandong University, Peoples R China Jining University, Peoples R China .
    Enhanced rectifying performance by asymmetrical gate voltage for BDC20 molecular devices2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 32, s. 16537-16544Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the asymmetrical gate voltage on the 1,4-bis (fullero[c]pyrrolidin-1-yl) benzene BDC20 molecule, we investigate theoretically its electronic transport properties using the density functional theory and nonequilibrium Greens function formalism for a unimolecule device with metal electrodes. Interestingly, the rectifying characteristic with very high rectification ratio, 91.7 and 24.0, can be obtained when the gate voltage is asymmetrically applied on the BDC20 molecular device. The rectification direction can be tuned by the different gate voltage applying regions. The rectification behavior is understood in terms of the evolution of the transmission spectrum and projected density of states spectrum with applied bias combined with molecular projected self-consistent Hamiltonian states analyses. Our finding implies that to realize and greatly promote rectifying performance of the BDC20 molecule the variable gate voltage applying position might be a key

  • 13.
    Karimian, Najmeh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.
    Hossein Arbab Zavar, Mohammad
    Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.
    Chamsaz, Mahmoud
    Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.
    Ashraf, Narges
    Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Tiwari, Ashutosh
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Tekidag AB, UCS, Linköping, Sweden.
    A potential-gated molecularly imprinted smart electrode for nicotinamide analysis2015Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, nr 44, s. 35089-35096Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Triggered surface responsiveness paves the way for smart sensor technologies that not only have tunable retention, but also provide sensing through a built-in programming of electrode material. In this study, we report a potential-gated electrochemical sensor for determination of nicotinamide (NAM) based on a molecularly imprinted overoxidised polypyrrole electrode. The sensitive layer was prepared by electropolymerisation of pyrrole on a glassy carbon electrode in the presence of NAM as a template molecule, followed by alkali extraction. Electrochemical methods were used to monitor the processes of electropolymerisation, template removal and binding in the presence of a [Fe(CN)(6)](3-)/[Fe(CN)(6)](4-) redox couple as an electrochemical probe. Several factors affecting the performance of the MIP-modified electrode were investigated and optimized. The peak current of the ferro/ferricyanide couple decreased linearly with successive addition of NAM in the concentration range 0.9 x 10(-6) to 9.9 x 10(-3) M with a detection limit of 1.7 x 10(-7) M (S/N = 3). The molecularly-imprinted polymer (MIP) electrode had excellent recognition capability for NAM compared to structurally related molecules. Moreover, the reproducibility and repeatability of the NAM-imprinted electrode were all found to be satisfactory. The results from sample analysis confirmed the applicability of the NAM-imprinted electrode to reusable quantitative analysis in commercial pharmaceutical samples.

  • 14.
    Kei Lai, Kwok
    et al.
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Peoples R China .
    Renneberg, Reinhard
    Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Peoples R China .
    Cheung Mak, Wing
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bioinspired protein microparticles fabrication by peptide mediated disulfide interchange2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 23, s. 11802-11810Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we report an innovative green chemistry approach for the fabrication of protein microparticles based on peptide mediated disulfide interchange reactions. The concept is based on using a redox reactive peptide, glutathione, as a natural crosslink reagent triggering the formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds between adjacent protein molecules leading to the assembly of protein molecules within a CaCO3 template into a microparticle structure. The CaCO3 template is highly biocompatible and is completely removed by simply adjusting the solution to pH 5.0, leaving behind the pure protein microparticles. Moreover, the GSH is only involved in the intermediate step without being incorporated into the resulting protein microparticles, therefore producing protein microparticles composed of purely protein molecules. This technology provides a simple and robust method to fabricate protein microparticles under physiological aqueous conditions, and more importantly avoiding the extensive use of synthetic chemical crosslinking reagents. We have further demonstrated that this method is versatile to fabricate microparticles with various proteins such as BSA, enzymes and antibodies. The biological functions such as catalytic properties and affinity interactions of the resulting protein microparticles are highly conserved which demonstrate the potential applications of the protein microparticles in the area of biocatalysis, bioseparation and targeted drug delivery.

  • 15.
    Melling, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Wilson, S. A.
    University of Dundee, Scotland.
    Jager, Edwin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Controlling the electro-mechanical performance of polypyrrole through 3- and 3,4-methyl substituted copolymers2015Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, nr 102, s. 84153-84163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Conducting polymers such as polypyrrole are biocompatible materials used in bioelectronic applications and microactuators for mechanobiology and soft microrobotics. The materials are commonly electrochemically synthesised from an electrolyte solution comprising pyrrole monomers and a salt, which is incorporated as the counter ion. This electrosynthesis results in polypyrrole forming a three-dimensional network with extensive cross-linking in both the alpha and beta positions, which impacts the electro-mechanical performance. In this study we adopt a blocking strategy to restrict and control cross-linking and chain branching through beta substitution of the monomer to investigate the effect of crosslinking on the electroactive properties. Methyl groups where used as blocking groups to minimise the impact on the pyrrole ring system. Pyrrole, 3- and 3,4-methyl substituted pyrrole monomers were electro-polymerised both as homo-polymers and as a series of co-polymer films. The electroactive performance of the films was characterised by measuring their electrochemical responses and their reversible and non-reversible film thickness changes. This showed that altering the degree of crosslinking through this blocking strategy had a large impact on the reversible and irreversible volume change. These results elaborate the importance of the polymer structure in the actuator performance, an aspect that has hitherto received little attention.

  • 16.
    Mugheri, Abdul Qayoom
    et al.
    Univ Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan.
    Tahira, Aneela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Aftab, Umair
    Mehran Univ Engn and Technol, Pakistan.
    Abro, Muhammad Ishaq
    Mehran Univ Engn and Technol, Pakistan.
    Chaudhry, Saleem Raza
    Univ Engn and Technol, Pakistan.
    Amaral, Luis
    Univ Engn and Technol, Pakistan; Univ Lisbon, Portugal.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Univ Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan.
    Facile efficient earth abundant NiO/C composite electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c8ra10472g2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 10, s. 5701-5710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing energy consumption, designing efficient electrocatalysts for electrochemical water splitting is highly demanded. In this study, we provide a facile approach for the design and fabrication of efficient and stable electrocatalysts through wet chemical methods. The carbon material, obtained by the dehydration of sucrose sugar, provides high surface area for the deposition of NiO nanostructures and the resulting NiO/C catalysts show higher activity towards the OER in alkaline media. During the OER, a composite of NiO with 200 mg C can produce current densities of 10 and 20 mA cm(-2) at a bias of 1.45 V and 1.47 V vs. RHE, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy experiments showed the lowest charge transfer resistance and the highest double layer capacitance in the case of the NiO/C composite with 200 mg C. The presence of C for the deposition of NiO nanostructures increases the active centers and consequently a robust electrocatalytic activity is achieved. The obtained results in terms of the low overpotential and small Tafel slope of 55 mV dec(-1) for non-precious catalysts are clear indications for the significant advancement in the field of electrocatalyst design for water splitting. This composite material based on NiO/C is simple and scalable for widespread use in various applications, especially in supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.

  • 17.
    Musumeci, Chiara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Northwestern University, IL 60208 USA.
    Borgani, Riccardo
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biomolekylär och Organisk Elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Haviland, David
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Multiparameter investigation of bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics2017Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 7, nr 73, s. 46313-46320Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A key parameter to improve the performance of organic solar cells is the optimization of electronic phenomena at donor-acceptor interfaces through the optimization of the morphology of the bulk heterojunction. The correlative mapping of morphological, electrical and mechanical properties at the nanoscale by advanced scanning probe microscopy techniques allows for a detailed characterization of the local structure-property relationships in bulk heterojunctions solar cells. Unique opportunities for the investigation of these photoactive films are shown here, ultimately suggesting fundamental guidelines toward the accurate engineering of these materials at the nanoscale.

  • 18.
    Pirhashemi, Mahsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Habibi-Yangjeh, Aziz
    University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    n–n ZnO–Ag2CrO4 heterojunction photoelectrodes with enhanced visible-light photoelectrochemical properties2019Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, nr 14, s. 7992-8001Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, ZnO nanorods (NRs) were hydrothermally grown on an Au-coated glass substrate at a relatively low temperature (90 °C), followed by the deposition of Ag2CrO4 particles via a successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) route. The content of the Ag2CrO4 particles on ZnO NRs was controlled by changing the number of SILAR cycles. The fabricated ZnO–Ag2CrO4 heterojunction photoelectrodes were subjected to morphological, structural, compositional, and optical property analyses; their photoelectrochemical (PEC) properties were investigated under simulated solar light illumination. The photocurrent responses confirmed that the ability of the ZnO–Ag2CrO4 heterojunction photoelectrodes to separate the photo-generated electron–hole pairs is stronger than that of bare ZnO NRs. Impressively, the maximum photocurrent density of about 2.51 mA cm−2 at 1.23 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) was measured for the prepared ZnO–Ag2CrO4 photoelectrode with 8 SILAR cycles (denoted as ZnO–Ag2CrO4-8), which exhibited about 3-fold photo-enhancement in the current density as compared to bare ZnO NRs (0.87 mA cm−2) under similar conditions. The improvement in photoactivity was attributed to the ideal band gap and high absorption coefficient of the Ag2CrO4 particles, which resulted in improved solar light absorption properties. Furthermore, an appropriate annealing treatment was proven to be an efficient process to increase the crystallinity of Ag2CrO4 particles deposited on ZnO NRs, which improved the charge transport characteristics of the ZnO–Ag2CrO4-8 photoelectrode annealed at 200 °C and increased the performance of the photoelectrode. The results achieved in the present work present new insights for designing n–n heterojunction photoelectrodes for efficient and cost-effective PEC applications and solar-to-fuel energ

  • 19.
    Pirhashemi, Mahsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Univ Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Habibi-Yangjeh, Aziz
    Univ Mohaghegh Ardabili, Iran.
    Pozina, Galia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Polyethylene glycol-doped BiZn2VO6 as a high efficiency solar-light-activated photocatalyst with substantial durability toward photodegradation of organic contaminations2018Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 8, nr 65, s. 37480-37491Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we focus on a simple, low-priced, and mild condition hydrothermal route to construct BiZn2VO6 nanocompounds (NCs) as a novel photocatalyst with strong solar Eight absorption ability for environmental purification using solar energy. NCs were further doped with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to improve their photocatalytic efficiency for photodegradation processes through inhibition of fast charge carrier recombination rates and higher charge separation efficiency. Surface morphology, phase structure, optical characteristics, and band structure of the as-prepared samples were analyzed using XRD, EDX, XPS, SEM, UV-vis spectroscopy, CL, and BET techniques. PEG-doped BiZn2VO6 NCs were applied as effective materials to degrade various kinds of organic pollutants including cationic and anionic types, and these NCs exhibited excellent photocatalytic efficiency as compared to traditional photocatalysts. In particular, the PEG-doped BiZn2VO6 (0.10% w/v) photocatalyst exhibited highly enhanced photocatalytic performance with improvements of about 46.4, 28.3, and 7.23 folds compared with PEG-doped ZnO nanorods (NRs), pristine BiVO4, and BiZn2VO6 samples, respectively, for the decomposition of congo red (CR) dye. After 40 minutes of sunlight irradiation, 97.4% of CR was decomposed. In this study, scavenging experiments indicated that both hydroxyl radicals and holes play dominant roles in CR photodegradation under simulated solar Eight irradiation. Meanwhile, the optimal photocatalyst demonstrated good reproducibility and stability for successive cycles of photocatalysis.

  • 20.
    Puckert, C.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Gelmi, A.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kozak Ljunggren, Monika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Rafat, Mehrdad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Biomedicinsk instrumentteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Jager, Edwin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Optimisation of conductive polymer biomaterials for cardiac progenitor cells2016Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, nr 67, s. 62270-62277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The characterisation of biomaterials for cardiac tissue engineering applications is vital for the development of effective treatments for the repair of cardiac function. New smart materials developed from conductive polymers can provide dynamic benefits in supporting and stimulating stem cells via controlled surface properties, electrical and electromechanical stimulation. In this study we investigate the control of surface properties of conductive polymers through a systematic approach to variable synthesis parameters, and how the resulting surface properties influence the viability of cardiac progenitor cells. A thorough analysis investigating the effect of electropolymerisation parameters, such as current density and growth, and reagent variation on physical properties provides a fundamental understanding of how to optimise conductive polymer biomaterials for cardiac progenitor cells.

  • 21.
    Rabong, Constantin
    et al.
    Vienna University of Technology, Austria .
    Schuster, Christoph
    University of Vienna, Austria .
    Liptaj, Tibor
    Slovak University of Technology Bratislava, Slovakia .
    Pronayova, Nadezda
    Slovak University of Technology Bratislava, Slovakia .
    Delchev, Vassil B.
    Paisij Hilendarski University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria .
    Jordis, Ulrich
    Vienna University of Technology, Austria .
    Phopase, Jaywant
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    NXO beta structure mimicry: an ultrashort turn/hairpin mimic that folds in water2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 41, s. 21351-21360Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the first application of NXO-pseudopeptides for beta-turn mimicry. Incorporating the proline-derived NProO peptidomimetic building block, a minimal tetrapeptide beta-hairpin mimic has been designed, synthesized and its solution structure elucidated. Emulating a natural proline-glycine beta-turn, evidence from NMR, molecular modeling and CD suggests the formation of two rapidly interconverting hairpin folds in water, methanol and dimethyl-sulfoxide at room temperature, displaying the proline nitrogen amide bond in either cis or trans arrangement. The NProO-modified hairpin features peptidic backbone dihedrals phi, Psi characteristic of natural proline-containing turns composed of alpha-amino acids only. Taken together, the observed folding behavior and inherently high designability render the NProO motif a building block for beta-structure elaboration in aqueous medium.

  • 22.
    Ravichandran, Ranjithkumar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Åstrand, C.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Patra, Hirak Kumar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Turner, Anthony
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biosensorer och bioelektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Chotteau, V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Phopase, Jaywant
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Intelligent ECM mimetic injectable scaffolds based on functional collagen building blocks for tissue engineering and biomedical applications2017Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 7, nr 34, s. 21068-21078Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrogels comprising natural extracellular matrix (ECM) components are very attractive as scaffolds for regenerative medicine applications due to their inherent biointeractive properties. Responsive materials that adapt to their surrounding environments and regulate transport of ions and bioactive molecules manifest significant advantages for biomedical applications. Although there are many exciting challenges, the opportunity to design, fabricate and engineer stimuli-responsive polymeric systems based on ECM components is particularly attractive for regenerative medicine. Here we describe a one-pot approach to fabricate in situ fast gellable intelligent ECM mimetic scaffolds, based on methacrylated collagen building blocks with mechanical properties that can be modulated in the kPa-MPa range and that are suitable for both soft and hard tissues. Physiochemical characterizations demonstrate their temperature and pH responsiveness, together with the structural and enzymatic resistance that make them suitable scaffolds for long-term use in regenerative medicine and biomedical applications. The multifunctionality of these hydrogels has been demonstrated as an in situ depot-forming delivery platform for the adjustable controlled release of proteins and small drug molecules under physiological conditions and as a structural support for adhesion, proliferation and metabolic activities of human cells. The results presented herein should be useful to the design and fabrication of tailor-made scaffolds with tunable properties that retain and exhibit sustained release of growth factors for promoting tissue regeneration.

  • 23.
    Sadollahkhani, Azar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Shahid Chamran University, Iran.
    Kazeminezhad, Iraj
    Shahid Chamran University, Iran.
    Lu, Jun
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Fysik och elektroteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Synthesis, structural characterization and photocatalytic application of ZnO@ZnS core-shell nanoparticles2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 70, s. 36940-36950Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation with no capping agent followed by covering with ZnS using a solution-based chemical method at low temperature. By variation of the solution concentrations it was found that the fully-covering ZnS shell forms by a reaction of Na2S with ZnO NPs followed by the formation of ZnS nano-crystals by the reaction of Na2S with ZnCl2. The mechanism that led to full coverage of the ZnO core is proposed to be the addition of ZnCl2 at a later stage of the growth which guarantees a continuous supply of Zn ions to the core surface. Moreover, the ZnS nanocrystals that uniformly cover the ZnO NPs show no epitaxial relationship between the ZnO core and ZnS shell. The slow atomic mobility at the low reaction temperature is attributed to the non-epitaxial uniform ZnS shell growth. The rough surface of the ZnO grains provides initial nucleation positions for the growth of the ZnS shell nano-crystals. The low growth temperature also inhibits the abnormal growth of ZnS grains and results in the homogeneous coverage of ZnS nano-crystals on the ZnO core surface. The as-synthesized ZnO@ZnS core-shell nanoparticles were used as a photocatalyst to decompose Rose Bengal dye at three different pH values. ZnO@ZnS core-shell nanoparticles perform as a more active photocatalyst at a pH of 4, while pure ZnO nanoparticles are more efficient at a pH of 7.

  • 24.
    Wilson, Peter M.
    et al.
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Zobel, Adam
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Zaitouna, Anita J.
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Lipatov, Alexey
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Schubert, Eva
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Hofmann, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Halvledarmaterial. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Nebraska, USA.
    Schubert, Mathias
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Lai, Rebecca
    University of Nebraska, USA.
    Sinitskii, Alexander
    University of Nebraska, USA; National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Solution-stable anisotropic carbon nanotube/graphene hybrids based on slanted columnar thin films for chemical sensing2016Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, nr 68, s. 63235-63240Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Slanted columnar thin films (SCTFs) are promising anisotropic nano-structures for applications in optical sensing and chemical separation. However, the wide use of SCTFs is significantly limited by their poor mechanical properties and structural stability, especially in liquid media. In this work, we demonstrate the fabrication of solution-stable carbon nanotube (CNT)/graphene hybrid structures based on cobalt SCTFs. The CNT/graphene hybrid structures were synthesized through the use of a titanium underlayer for Co slanted nanopillars as a chemical vapor deposition catalyst, which allows simultaneous growth of CNTs at the Co/Ti interface and three-dimensional graphene over the surface of cobalt. Importantly, the CNT/graphene hybrid structures retain the anisotropy of the parent Co SCTFs and thus remain suitable for optical sensing. Graphene/CNT modification of Co SCTFs not only improves their stability in solutions but also enables their functionalization with pyrene-modified DNA probes, which can be monitored in real time by in situ ellipsometry measurements. In turn, the solution-stable DNA-modified SCTFs may find a wide range of applications in biosensing. The described synthetic approach that allows simultaneous growth of CNTs and graphene by engineering Co/Ti interfaces may also be applied to the fabrication of other kinds of complex CNT/graphene hybrid materials.

  • 25.
    Yeap, W. S.
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Belgium.
    Bevk, D.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krysova, H.
    Academy of Sciences of The Czech Republic, Prague 8, Czech Republic .
    Pasquarelli, A.
    University of Ulm, Germany.
    Vanderzande, D.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Lutsen, L.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Kavan, L.
    Academy of Sciences of The Czech Republic, Prague 8, Czech Republic .
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Maes, W.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Haenen, K.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Correction: Diamond functionalization with lighth-arvesting molecular wires: improved surface coverage by optimized Suzuki cross-coupling conditions (vol 4, pg 42044, 2014)2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 92, s. 50678-50678Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 26.
    Yeap, W. S.
    et al.
    Hasselt University, Belgium .
    Bevk, D.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMEC vzw, IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krysova, H.
    J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Prague, Czech Republic .
    Pasquarelli, A.
    University of Ulm, Germany.
    Vanderzande, D.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMEC vzw, IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
    Lutsen, L.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMEC vzw, IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
    Kavan, L.
    J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Prague, Czech Republic .
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Maes, W.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMEC vzw, IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
    Haenen, K.
    Hasselt University, Belgium; IMEC vzw, IMOMEC, Diepenbeek, Belgium.
    Diamond functionalization with light-harvesting molecular wires: improved surface coverage by optimized Suzuki cross-coupling conditions2014Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, nr 79, s. 42044-42053Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Donor-acceptor type light-harvesting molecular wires are covalently attached to a boron-doped diamond surface via a combination of diazonium electrografting and Suzuki cross-coupling. For the Suzuki reaction, various catalytic systems are compared with respect to their imposed surface coverage. Combining 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2,6-dimethoxybiphenyl (SPhos) and Pd(0), the diamond coverage improves considerably (by 98%) as compared to the standard tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (Pd(PPh3)(4)) catalyst. As the energy levels between the molecular chromophores and the diamond film align well, the sophisticated functionalized diamond surfaces present a first step towards the development of fully carbon-based devices for light to electricity conversion.

  • 27.
    Yu, Yichang
    et al.
    Tongji University, Peoples R China.
    Hu, Zhang-Jun
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär ytfysik och nanovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Zhang, Yalei
    Tongji University, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Hongwen
    Tongji University, Peoples R China.
    CTAB@BiOCl: a highly adsorptive photocatalyst for eliminating dye contamination2016Ingår i: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, nr 22, s. 18577-18582Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The title composite was synthesized under facile conditions by hydrolysis and co-precipitation. Through comparative studies, it was found that the morphology, structure and properties were affected by hexadecyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) doping. Although the surface area decreases from 53.5 to 7.5 m(2) g(-1), it was found that CTAB@BiOCl exhibits higher adsorption capacity than the isolated BiOCl, and still maintains good photocatalytic activity, which is a little worse than the isolated BiOCl has. This was caused by the lower content of BiOCl in CTAB@BiOCl, which is less than 70%. The studies show that, in high concentrations of dye-contaminated water, the composite exhibits strong adsorption capacities of 901 mg g(-1) to Congo Red (CR) and 699 mg g(-1) to Reactive Red 3 (X3B). In the low-concentration case, it is able to process photocatalysis of those dyes. In the recycling experiment, the CTAB@BiOCl composite was regenerated in situ. And CTAB in the composite was almost completely degraded after five cycles, resulting in the regenerated BiOCl. Subsequently, the surface area of the composite increases from 7.5 to 22.62 m(2) g(-1), and along with this the adsorption capacities to CR and X3B decrease obviously due to the absence of the CTAB component. In addition, the photocatalysis activity of the generated composite has been promoted to be similar to the isolated BiOCl.

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