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  • 1.
    Bouwman, Hindrik
    et al.
    North-West Uniersity, South AFrica.
    Evans, Steven
    University of Venda, South Africa.
    Cole, Nik
    Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, Jersey, Channel Isles, UK.
    Choong Kwer Yive, Nee Sun
    University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The flip-or-flop boutique: Marine debris on the shores of St Brandon’s Rock, an isolated tropical atoll in the Indian Ocean2016In: Marine Environmental Research, ISSN 0141-1136, E-ISSN 1879-0291, Vol. 114, p. 58-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Isolated coral atolls are not immune from marine debris accumulation. We identified Southeast Asia, the Indian sub-continent, and the countries on the Arabian Sea as most probable source areas of 50 000 items on the shores of St. Brandon’s Rock (SBR), Indian Ocean. 79% of the debris was plastics. Flip-flops, energy drink bottles, and compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) were notable item types. The density of debris (0.74 m-1 shore length) is comparable to similar islands but less than mainland sites. Intact CFLs suggests product-facilitated long-range transport of mercury. We suspect that aggregated marine debris, scavenged by the islands from currents and gyres, could re-concentrate pollutants. SBR islets accumulated debris types in different proportions suggesting that many factors act variably on different debris types. Regular cleaning of selected islets will take care of most of the accumulated debris and may improve the ecology and tourism potential. However, arrangements and logistics require more study.

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  • 2.
    van der Schyff, Veronica
    et al.
    Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    du Preez, Marinus
    Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Blom, Karin
    Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Choong Kwet Yive, Nee Sun
    Department of Chemistry, University of Mauritius, Mauritius.
    Merven, Julian
    Raphael Fishing Co. Ltd, Port Louis, Mauritiu.
    Raffin, Jovani
    Shoals Rodrigues, Marine Non-governmental Organisation, Rodrigues Island, Mauritius.
    Bouwman, Hindrik
    Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Impacts of a shallow shipwreck on a coral reef: A case study from St. Brandon’s Atoll, Mauritius, Indian Ocean.2020In: Marine Environmental Research, ISSN 0141-1136, E-ISSN 1879-0291, Vol. 156, article id 104916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shallow shipwrecks can have severe ecological and toxicological impacts on coral atolls. In 2012, a tuna longliner ran aground on the reef crest of St Brandon’s Atoll, Mauritius, broke up into three pieces which was moved by currents and storms into the lagoon. In the months following the grounding, the coral around the wreck became dead and black. Down-current from the wreck, a dense bloom of filamentous algae (Ulva sp.) attached to coral occurred. To determine the ecological effects of the wreck on the system, the marine biota around the wreck, in the algal bloom, and fish reference zones were counted in 2014. Metal concentrations in reference and affected coral was determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP/MS). A pronounced difference was seen in the metal concentration pattern between coral from the wreck- and algal zones, and the coral reference zone. While the wreck zone contained the highest abundance of fish, the fish reference zone had the highest species diversity but with fewer fish. We also counted eleven Critically Endangered hawksbill sea turtles Eretmochelys imbricata and significantly more sea cucumbers in the algal zone than the reference zones. The effects of shipwrecks on coral reefs must be considered a threat over periods of years and should be studied further.

  • 3.
    Wulff, Fredrik
    et al.
    Dept. of Systems Ecology Stockholm University.
    Rahm, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Longterm seasonal and spatial variations of nitrogen, phosphorus and silicate in the Baltic: An overview1988In: Marine Environmental Research, ISSN 0141-1136, E-ISSN 1879-0291, Vol. 26, p. 19-37Article in journal (Refereed)
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