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  • 1.
    Elwing, B
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Kullberg, C
    Kucinskiene, Z
    Björegren, M
    Abaravicius, A
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of health and environment.
    A comparative study of food intake between Lithuanian and Swedish middle-aged men: The LiVicordia study2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 126-130Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 1994, the mortality in coronary heart disease was four times higher among Lithuanian middle-aged men than among Swedish men. Over the period 1993-1995, the LiVicordia study investigated possible causes for this difference. We have earlier reported lower serum levels of cholesterol and higher susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol for oxidation among Lithuanian men. Objective: In this part of the study, the aim was to compare mean estimates of food intake. Design: Cross-sectional study of random samples of 50-year-old men from each of the cities of Link÷ping, Sweden and Vilnius, Lithuania (n=150). The volunteers were interviewed about their food intake with the 24-hour recall method. Results: We found no differences in total energy intake, but Vilnius men had a higher energy intake from fat. Vilnius men consumed more fat from meat and less vegetable fat, while fat intake from dairy products was almost the same. Also, Vilnius men had a higher intake of vegetables, while Link÷ping men had a higher intake of fruit and berries. Conclusion: The observed differences in food consumption and dietary composition are partly consistent with the higher CHD mortality among Lithuanian men. However, data on biomarkers indicate that other dietary and lifestyle factors play a role.

  • 2. Grehn, Susanne
    et al.
    Fridell, Karin
    Lilliecreutz, Margaretha
    Hallert, Claes
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV). Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in the East of Östergötland, Department of Internal Medicine VHN.
    Dietary habits of Swedish adult coeliac patients treated by a gluten-free diet for 10 years2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 178-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Uncertainty still exists whether coeliac patients living on a gluten-free diet for several years are ensured a nutritionally balanced diet. Objective: To evaluate the dietary habits of adults with longstanding coeliac disease Design: The intake of nutrients and foods was assessed in 49 Swedish coeliac patients (32 women) aged 45-64 years treated for 8-12 years using 4-day dietary record. Compliance with the diet was ascertained by showing a villous intestinal structure at repeat biopsy or normal serological tests. The control group (n:498) consisted of a general population sample of same age. Results: The coeliac patients showing the same energy intake as controls had a lower intake of fibre, niacin equivalents, folate, vitamin B12, calcium, phosphorus and zinc. In relation to recommended intakes, low levels of fibres, folate, vitamin E and selenium were seen in both coeliacs and controls. Significant differences between coeliac patients and controls were seen for half of the food groups under study and this was particularly true for women. Conclusions: The results suggest that Swedish coeliac patients living on a gluten-free diet for several years need to improve their dietary habits. To this end, regularly visiting a dietitian could be helpful to introduce oat-based options and increase the intake of fresh fruits and greens.

  • 3.
    Löf, Marie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Nutrition .
    Studies on energy metabolism and body composition of healthy women before, during and after pregnancy2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 190-191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [No abstract available]

  • 4.
    Medin, Jennie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Om hälsa, hälsofrämjande, functional foods och mervärdesmat.2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 45, p. 105-107Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Rahmqvist, Mikael
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society.
    Doctors' advice to overweight patients concerning healthy lifestyles2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, E-ISSN 1651-2359, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 40-44Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The physician has an important role that involves informing patients about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Objective: The aim was to estimate the proportion of patients who received advice about exercise and/or eating habits in primary health care (PHC) and hospital health care (HHC) in 1991 and 1995. A further aim was to explore the patient characteristics in the group that was given advice. Design: Subjects were 4890 respondents to a mail-distributed questionnaire who had paid at least one visit to a doctor in PHC or HHC within the last 12 months. Results: In PHC about 20% of the overweight patients received advice in 1991 and 1995, while in HHC the percentage receiving advice increased from 19% to 28%. Patients background characteristics could not explain this difference in trends. Male patients received more advice in both PHC and HHC, and this could not be explained by factors such as education, health or lifestyle factors, e.g. exercise and smoking. Conclusion: The results suggest that there is room for more doctors' advice about eating habits and exercise, especially for female patients and patients in primary health care.

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