liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 13 of 13
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Ekman, Bertil
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MC - Medicincentrum, EMT-endo.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Rehabiliteringsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Smärt- och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Arnqvist, Hans
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Cellbiologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MC - Medicincentrum, EMT-endo.
    Growth hormone substitution titrated to obtain IGF-I levels in the physiological range in hypopituitary adults: Effects upon dynamic strength, endurance and EMG2003Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 90, nr 5-6, s. 496-504Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied the effects of individualised growth hormone (GH) substitution, aiming at normal insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels, on biomechanical output and surface electromyogram (EMG) of isokinetic muscle strength and endurance performance in 18 hypopituitary adults and compared with 17 matched healthy controls. The muscle function tests consisted of isokinetic contractions of the right knee extensors, from which torque and EMG were recorded. Three patients were excluded from the final analysis of the muscle function tests due to technical errors and one control subject moved from the area during the study. We found that GH-deficient adults without GH substitution were weaker and had less endurance than healthy control subjects. At the group level, plasma levels of IGF-I were normalised but generally no significant effects upon biomechanical output and EMG were found after dose titration and 6 months of a constant GH dose. However, subjects with the largest changes in IGF-I had significantly better biomechanical output and EMG compared to those with small changes in IGF-I. This finding may indicate that the net increase in IGF-I levels is critical for improvements in biomechanical output, EMG and perception of fatigue to occur.

  • 2.
    Elert, Jessica
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Sterner, Ylva
    Nyberg, Vanja
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Rehabiliteringsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Smärt- och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Lack of gender differences in the ability to relax between repetitive maximum isokinetic shoulder forward flexions: A population-based study among northern Swedes2000Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 83, nr 4-5, s. 246-256Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to analyse the effects of gender and age in a population-based sample of clinically healthy subjects on: (1) strength, endurance and perception of fatigue, (2) mean frequency (MNF) of the electromyogram (EMG), and (3) the ability to relax between active contractions (signal amplitude ratio, SAR) of the surface EMG of an isokinetic shoulder forward flexion test. With this aim we have analysed aspects of the validity of MNF as an indicator of fatigue, using peak torque as a criterion variable. The subjects were 27 men and 28 women (age range: 20-60 years), who were obtained by random sample from the official census lists (participation rate: 66%). The peak torque and surface EMG of two portions of the trapezius, deltoid and infraspinatus muscles were recorded throughout 100 repetitive maximal isokinetic shoulder forward flexions. No significant differences in the perception of fatigue and relative endurance levels of peak torque and work were found between males and females. Males were significantly stronger than females and, on average, females produced approximately 60% of the output of the males, 76% after normalisation for body mass. The men had significantly lower MNF endurance levels for three of the investigated muscles. When controlled for age and body mass, the men had a significantly higher MNF of the deltoid muscle than did the females. These differences were only found for the deltoid muscle. Significant correlations existed between the MNF of the four muscles and biomechanical output, indicating criterion validity for the MNF variable with respect to fatigue. There were no significant effects of gender or age on the ability to relax between repetitive contractions (SAR). The higher prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints of the neck-shoulder region in females cannot be explained by a higher intrinsic muscle tension. Age, gender, body mass index and biomechanical output can have significant effects upon MNF. These effects are important considerations in the interpretation of MNF, for instance in ergonomic situations.

  • 3.
    Hadrevi, J
    et al.
    Umeå University, Sweden .
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin.
    Sjörs, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Antti, H
    Umeå University, Sweden .
    Larsson, Britt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Crenshaw, A G.
    University of Gavle, Sweden .
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Hellstrom, F
    University of Gavle, Sweden .
    Comparative metabolomics of muscle interstitium fluid in human trapezius myalgia: an in vivo microdialysis study2013Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 113, nr 12, s. 2977-2989Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanisms behind trapezius myalgia are unclear. Many hypotheses have been presented suggesting an altered metabolism in the muscle. Here, muscle microdialysate from healthy and myalgic muscle is analysed using metabolomics. Metabolomics analyse a vast number of metabolites, enabling a comprehensive explorative screening of the cellular processes in the muscle. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMicrodialysate samples were obtained from the shoulder muscle of healthy and myalgic subjects that performed a work and stress test. Samples from the baseline period and from the recovery period were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) together with multivariate analysis to detect differences in extracellular content of metabolites between groups. Systematic differences in metabolites between groups were identified using multivariate analysis and orthogonal partial least square discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA). A complementary Mann-Whitney U test of group difference in individual metabolites was also performed. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanA large number of metabolites were detected and identified in this screening study. At baseline, no systematic differences between groups were observed according to the OPLS-DA. However, two metabolites, l-leucine and pyroglutamic acid, were significantly more abundant in the myalgic muscle compared to the healthy muscle. In the recovery period, systematic difference in metabolites between the groups was observed according to the OPLS-DA. The groups differed in amino acids, fatty acids and carbohydrates. Myristic acid and putrescine were significantly more abundant and beta-d-glucopyranose was significantly less abundant in the myalgic muscle. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanThis study provides important information regarding the metabolite content, thereby presenting new clues regarding the pathophysiology of the myalgic muscle.

  • 4.
    Hallman, David M
    et al.
    University of Gavle.
    Lindberg, Lars-Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Fysiologisk mätteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Arnetz, Bengt B
    Wayne State University.
    Lyskov, Eugene
    University of Gavle.
    Effects of static contraction and cold stimulation on cardiovascular autonomic indices, trapezius blood flow and muscle activity in chronic neck-shoulder pain2011Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 111, nr 8, s. 1725-1735Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate reactions in trapezius muscle blood flow (MBF), muscle activity, heart rate variability (HRV) and systemic blood pressure (BP) to autonomic tests in subjects with chronic neck-shoulder pain and healthy controls. Changes in muscle activity and blood flow due to stress and unfavourable muscle loads are known underlying factors of work-related muscle pain. Aberration of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is considered a possible mechanism. In the present study, participants (n = 23 Pain, n = 22 Control) performed autonomic tests which included a resting condition, static hand grip test (HGT) at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction, a cold pressor test (CPT) and a deep breathing test (DBT). HRV was analysed in time and frequency domains. MBF and muscle activity were recorded from the upper trapezius muscles using photoplethysmography and electromyography (EMG). The pain group showed reduced low frequency-HRV (LF) and SDNN during rest, as well as a blunted BP response and increased LF-HRV during HGT (a dagger systolic 22 mm Hg; a dagger LF(nu) 27%) compared with controls (a dagger systolic 27; a dagger LF(nu) 6%). Locally, the pain group had attenuated trapezius MBF in response to HGT (Pain 122% Control 140%) with elevated trapezius EMG following HGT and during CPT. In conclusion, only HGT showed differences between groups in systemic BP and HRV and alterations in local trapezius MBF and EMG in the pain group. Findings support the hypothesis of ANS involvement at systemic and local levels in chronic neck-shoulder pain.

  • 5. Larsson, B
    et al.
    Björk, J
    Elert, Jessica
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Rehabiliteringsmedicin.
    Lindman, R
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Rehabiliteringsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Smärt- och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Fibre type proportion and fibre size in trapezius muscle biopsies from cleaners with and without myalgia and its correlation with ragged red fibres, cytochrome-c-oxidase-negative fibres, biomechanical output perception of fatigue, and surface electromyograghy during repetitive forward flexions2001Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 84, s. 492-502Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6. Larsson, Britt
    et al.
    Andersen, Jesper L
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Rehabiliteringsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Medicincentrum, Smärt- och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Myosin heavy chain isoforms influence surface EMG parameters: A study of the trapezius muscle in cleaners with and without myalgia and in healthy teachers2002Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 87, nr 6, s. 481-488Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study had two aims: (1) to investigate potential differences in proportion of myosin heavy chain isoforms in the trapezius muscle between female cleaners with and without trapezius myalgia and healthy teachers, and (2) to elucidate if myosin heavy chain composition and surface electromyogram (EMG) during an isokinetic endurance test of shoulder flexors are significantly related. The subjects were divided into three groups: (1) 25 female cleaners with diagnosed work-related trapezius myalgia, (2) 25 female cleaners without work-related trapezius myalgia, (3) a control group of 21 healthy female teachers who were not exposed to repetitive or static muscle work. All subjects performed a test involving 150 forward flexions using an isokinetic dynamometer. During the test surface EMG was recorded from the trapezius muscle. Muscle samples were obtained from the descending part of the trapezius muscle. The fibre type area percentage based on ATPase staining and the proportions of different MHC isoforms as determined by gel electrophoresis. The trapezius was dominated by MHC I (71%), followed by MHC IIA (22-24%), and MHC IIX (5-7%), no significant differences between the three groups of subjects were found. The proportion of MHC I correlated negatively with MHC IIA (r=-0.78, P<0.001) and MHC IIX (r= -0.53, P<0.001). Significant correlations existed between the proportion of the MHC isoforms and the corresponding proportion of the fibre type area, 27-45% of the variance was explained. The multivariate analysis of the three groups of subjects revealed that MHC variables showed intercorrelations with EMG (both amplitude and frequency variables). However, the directions of the relationships differed among the three groups, the cleaners with myalgia and the teachers showed the greatest similarities in patterns. Intrinsic muscle properties appear to influence the frequency content of the EMG, which is in contrast to some of the theoretical models of the EMG. Our data could suggest that monotonous work such as professional cleaning can change the relationships between muscle structure and the frequency content of the EMG.

  • 7.
    Lindholm, P
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Karlsson, L
    Karolinska Institutet .
    Gill, Hans
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Medicinsk informatik.
    Wigertz, Ove
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Medicinsk informatik.
    Linnarsson, Dag
    Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology Karolinska Institutet.
    Time components of circulatory transport from the lungs to a peripheral artery in humans2006Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 97, nr 1, s. 96-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Blood gas changes occurring in the lung undergo delay and damping on their way to a peripheral artery sampling site. Knowledge of the time components of circulatory transfer is important for the understanding of respiratory control and cardiovascular reflexes in response to blood gas transients. Providing steady state with regard to V̇A/ Q̇ distribution, cardiac output and peripheral blood flow, the relationship between the time courses of small end-tidal and peripheral PO2 changes is determined by the transfer function of the interposed vascular segment. This transfer function, expressed as delay time TD and mean transit time (MTT), was measured in six well-trained subjects, allowing the calculation of arterial time-courses from end-tidal to the reverse. They were studied at rest and during four different dynamic leg exercise intensities in the supine posture. TD and MTT amounted to 15.8 ± 1.7 (mean ± SEM) and 18.3 ± 2.1 s at rest and were shortened to 7.7 ± 0.6 and 11.5 ± 1.8 s during exercise at 170 W. The shortening of TD and MTT did not appear to be simply an inverse function of cardiac output, suggesting that the shortening occurs in the central circulatory segment but not in the arm segment. © Springer-Verlag 2006.

  • 8.
    Olsen, Henrik
    et al.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Helsingborg Hospital, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Groop, Leif
    Department of Endocrinology, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Influence of glucose and insulin on transcapillary fluid absorption from the arm during lower body negative pressure in man2003Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 90, nr 1-2, s. 138-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the influence of insulin and glucose on the transcapillary fluid absorption during lower body negative pressure (LBNP) in humans. Ten healthy males [23 (1) years] were exposed to LBNP of 45 cmH2O on two occasions: (1) before and during a hyperinsulinaemic clamp (HI) and (2) before and during a hyperglycaemic clamp (HG). Transcapillary fluid absorption and blood flow were recorded with volumetric technique. Forearm blood flow increased during HI from 2.3 (0.3) ml (100 ml)–1 min–1 to 3.3 (0.5) ml (100 ml)–1 min–1 (P<0.05). The haemodynamic response to LBNP was similar during HI and HG compared with control LBNP. Transcapillary fluid absorption during LBNP increased during HG from 0.044 (0.007) ml (100 ml)–1 min–1 to 0.059 (0.009) ml (100 ml)–1 min–1 (P<0.01), whereas it was unchanged during HI. In conclusion, hyperglycaemia augments transcapillary fluid absorption from skeletal muscle and skin during LBNP whereas hyperinsulinaemia has no such effect. This indicates that in human hyperglycaemia contributes to plasma volume restitution during hypovolaemic circulatory stress.

  • 9.
    Peolsson, Michael
    et al.
    KTH.
    Brodin, Lars-Ake
    KTH.
    Peolsson, Anneli
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Tissue motion pattern of ventral neck muscles investigated by tissue velocity ultrasonography imaging2010Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 109, nr 5, s. 899-908Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We designed this experimental study to investigate tissue motions and thus infer the recruitment pattern of the ventral neck muscles [sternocleidomastoid (SCM), longus capitis (Lca), and longus colli (Lco)] at the C4-C5 level in healthy volunteers during isometric manual resistance of the head in flexion in a seated position. This exercise is used in the physiotherapeutic treatment of neck pain and is assumed to activate the deep ventral muscles, but the assumption has not been clearly evaluated. Neck flexors of 16 healthy volunteers (mean age 24 years, SD 3.7) were measured using ultrasonography with strain and strain rate (SR) tissue velocity imaging (TVI) during isometric contraction of flexor muscles. TVI involves using Doppler imaging to study tissue dynamics. All three muscles showed a deformation compared to rest. Except for the initial contraction phase, Lco exhibited a lower strain than Lca and SCM but was the only muscle with a significant change in SR between the phases. When the beginning of the contraction phase was analysed, Lco was the first to be deformed among most volunteers, followed by Lca and then SCM. The exercise investigated seems to be useful as a "stabilizing" exercise for Lco. Our suggestion is that in further research, Lco and Lca should be investigated as separate muscles. TVI could be used to study tissue motions and thus serve as an indicator of muscle patterning between the neck flexors, with the possibility of separating Lco and Lca.

  • 10.
    Rullman, E
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Olsson, K
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Wågsäter, Dick
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Gustafsson, T
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Circulating MMP-9 during exercise in humans2013Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 113, nr 5, s. 1249-1255Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is a member of a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases capable of degrading extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. A single bout of exercise increases levels of activated MMP-9 in skeletal muscle and in the circulation. However, whether the exercise-induced activation of MMP-9 is associated with ECM remodeling and the cellular source behind MMP-9 in the circulation is not known. In the present study ten healthy male subjects performed a single cycle exercise bout and arterial and venous femoral blood was collected. To test if exercise induces basal lamina degradation and if circulating levels of MMP-9 is related to a release from the exercising muscle, arteriovenous differences of collagen IV and MMP-9 were measured by ELISA and zymography, respectively. Furthermore, markers of neutrophil degranulation elastase and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured by ELISA. Plasma levels of collagen IV increased during the exercise bout and an increased arteriovenous difference of collagen IV was noted at 27 min of exercise. Plasma levels of MMP-9 were increased at both 27 and 57 min of exercise but no arteriovenous difference was noted. No changes over time were detected for elastase and NGAL. The observed release of collagen IV from the exercising muscle indicate basal lamina turnover following a single bout of exercise. No detectable release of MMP-9 was observed, suggesting that the increase in plasma MMP-9 could come from a source other than the skeletal muscle.

  • 11.
    Skoog, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US.
    Zachrisson, Helene
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin.
    Lindenberger, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Ekman, Mikael
    Ekman Biomed Data AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ewerman, Lea
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Thorax-kärlkliniken i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Calf venous compliance measured by venous occlusion plethysmography: methodological aspects.2015Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 115, nr 2, s. 245-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Calf venous compliance (C calf) is commonly evaluated with venous occlusion plethysmography (VOP) during a standard cuff deflation protocol. However, the technique relies on two not previously validated assumptions concerning thigh cuff pressure (P cuff) transmission and the impact of net fluid filtration (F filt) on C calf. The aim was to validate VOP in the lower limb and to develop a model to correct for F filt during VOP.

    METHODS: Strain-gauge technique was used to study calf volume changes in 15 women and 10 age-matched men. A thigh cuff was inflated to 60 mmHg for 4 and 8 min with a subsequent decrease of 1 mmHg s(-1). Intravenous pressure (P iv) was measured simultaneously. C calf was determined with the commonly used equation [Compliance = β 1 + 2β 2 × P cuff] describing the pressure-compliance relationship. A model was developed to identify and correct for F filt.

    RESULTS: Transmission of P cuff to P iv was 100 %. The decrease in P cuff correlated well with P iv reduction (r = 0.99, P < 0.001). Overall, our model showed that C calf was underestimated when F filt was not accounted for (all P < 0.01). F filt was higher in women (P < 0.01) and showed a more pronounced effect on C calf compared to men (P < 0.05). The impact of F filt was similar during 4- and 8-min VOP.

    CONCLUSIONS: P cuff is an adequate substitute for P iv in the lower limb. F filt is associated with an underestimation of C calf and differences in the effect of F filt during VOP can be accounted for with the correction model. Thus, our model seems to be a valuable tool in future studies of venous wall function.

  • 12. Zhang, Q
    et al.
    Lindberg, Lars-Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Fysiologisk mätteknik.
    Kadefors, R
    Styf, Johan
    A non-invasive measure of changes in blood flow in the human anterior tibial muscle2001Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 84, nr 5, s. 448-452Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We used photoplethysmography (PPG) to monitor blood flow changes in the human anterior tibial muscle during arterial occlusion and during isometric and concentric contractions. Single-fibre laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used as a reference in 12 healthy subjects (5 men, 7 women, mean age 24 years). Post-exercise hyperaemic muscle blood flow (MBF) was measured immediately after isometric dorsiflexion of the ankle joint at maximal contraction for 1 min and full range-of-motion dorsiflexion and plantar flexion of the ankle joint for 1 min. A thigh tourniquet was applied for the evaluation of post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia. The MBF (baseline=100%) was [mean (SD)] 150 (31)% (P = 0.003) by PPG (880 nm) and 182 (66)% (P = 0.012) by LDF. After 1 min of maximal isometric contraction, MBF increased to 150 (51)% (P = 0.003) by PPG (880 nm) and to 169 (43)% (P = 0.005) by LDF. After 1 min of maximal concentric contractions, MBF increased to 158 (59)% (P = 0.003) by PPG (880 nm) and to 170 (99)% (P = 0.008) by LDF. Skin blood flow, PPG (560 nm), did not change significantly after isometric or concentric contractions. The results indicate that reactive hyperaemia after exercise and arterial occlusion can be assessed in the human anterior tibial muscle using PPG.

  • 13.
    Zhang, QX
    et al.
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, S-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Dept Biomed Engn, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Styf, J
    Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Orthopaed, S-41345 Gothenburg, Sweden Linkoping Univ, Dept Biomed Engn, S-58185 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Lars-Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Fysiologisk mätteknik.
    Effects of limb elevation and increased intramuscular pressure on human tibialis anterior muscle blood flow2001Inngår i: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 85, nr 6, s. 567-571Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of limb elevation and increased intramuscular pressure (IMP) on blood flow in the tibialis anterior muscle and leg neuromuscular function were studied in eight healthy subjects. Muscle blood flow (MBF) was measured by photoplethysmography using a custom-designed probe. IMP was elevated bilaterally by vein obstruction (60-65 mmHg) lasting 30 min induced by a thigh tourniquet of casted legs. Skin sensibility of the feet and the amplitude and area of the compound muscle action potentials from the extensor digitorum brevis muscle were evaluated. The subject kept one leg elevated 32 cm above heart level and the contralateral leg at heart level. All recordings were made before, during and after vein obstruction. IMP increased to 40 mmHg in the vein-obstructed casted legs. Perfusion pressure decreased from [mean (SD)] 42 (5.8) mmHg to 17 (6.4) mmHg in the elevated leg and from 65 (9.9) mmHg to 43 (8.4) mmHg in the non-elevated leg. MBF decreased by 50% in the elevated leg and by 42% in the non-elevated leg. Subjects experienced sensory dysfunction and muscular weakness in the elevated leg. In conclusion, increased IMP, induced by venous obstruction of a casted leg, reduced perfusion pressure and MBF, and resulted in a diminished amplitude and area of the compound muscle action potentials. Limb elevation above heart level combined with venous stasis of a casted leg further reduced perfusion pressure and MBF, and induced sensory dysfunction and muscular weakness.

1 - 13 of 13
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf