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  • 1.
    Agren, H
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Inst Phys & Measurement Technol, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Gel'mukhanov, F
    Linkoping Univ, Inst Phys & Measurement Technol, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Kramers-Heisenberg and Weisskopf-Wigner descriptions of resonant X-ray Raman scattering2000Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 110, nr 1-3, s. 153-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview is presented of the theory of X-ray Raman scattering as originally formulated by Kramers and Heisenberg and by Weisskopf and Wigner. Two particular aspects of the theory are described in some detail, the formation of band profiles and the role of symmetry, These aspects are discussed in connection with recent results for atomic and molecular scatterers obtained in radiative and nonradiative scattering experiments conducted with 2nd and 3rd generation synchrotron radiation sources. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Butorin, S. M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Magnuson, Martin
    Uppsala University.
    Ivanov, K.
    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, USA.
    Shuh, D. K.
    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, USA.
    Takahashi, T.
    Tohoku University, Japan.
    Kunii, S.
    Tohoku University, Japan.
    Guo, J.-H.
    Uppsala University.
    Nordgren, J.
    Uppsala University.
    Resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering at the 4d edge of Ce-based heavy fermion materials1999Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 101-103, s. 783-786Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Resonant X-ray scattering measurements were performed on CeB6, CeAl, γ-Ce, and α-Ce at various incident-photon energies near the Ce 4d threshold. A pronounced inelastic scattering structure which has 4f character is observed at about 4 eV below the elastic peak. The structure shows a distinct resonant behavior as well as a dependence on the degree of 4f hybridization and can therefore be attributed to charge-transfer excitations to the 4f0 state. The intensity of the elastic peak increases when going from the systems with low Kondo temperature TK to those with high TK which is consistent with a Kondo scale behavior. By analyzing the scattering data, a controversial issue on the validity of a single-impurity Anderson model in heavy-fermion materials is addressed.

  • 3.
    Crispin, Xavier
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap.
    Lazzaroni, R.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Centre de Recherche en Electronique et Photonique Moléculaires, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Crispin, Annica
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi.
    Geskin, V.M.
    Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Centre de Recherche en Electronique et Photonique Moléculaires, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium, Department of Chemistry, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0041, United States.
    Bredas, J.L.
    Brédas, J.L., Service de Chimie des Matériaux Nouveaux, Centre de Recherche en Electronique et Photonique Moléculaires, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi.
    Understanding the initial stages of polymer grafting on metals: A photoelectron spectroscopy study of acrylonitrile adsorption on transition metal surfaces2001Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 121, nr 1-3, s. 57-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray and UV photoelectron spectroscopies show that acrylonitrile is chemisorbed on iron, nickel and copper polycrystalline surfaces via the carbon and nitrogen atoms. Depending on the conditions used, different adsorption geometries are found. The molecules can either be adsorbed flat on the surface and chemically bound by a (2pp)-(3d/4s) overlap via both the C=C double bond and the C=N nitrile group or they can be adsorbed perpendicular to the surface via a covalent interaction between the nitrogen lone pair and the 3d-4s levels of the metals. Analysis of the XPS data obtained on molecular mono-layers chemisorbed on metal surfaces emphasizes the importance of initial-state effects (charge transfer upon chemisorption, contribution of the metal surface dipole) and final-state effects (metal screening and polarization effect within the mono-layer). The correlation between the XPS and UPS data illustrates the importance of the metal surface dipole in understanding the workfunction changes upon molecular adsorption on metal surfaces. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Fahlman, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sehati, Parisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Osikowicz, Wojciech
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    de Jong, Michel P.
    University of Twente, Netherlands .
    Brocks, Geert
    University of Twente, Netherlands University of Twente, Netherlands .
    Photoelectron spectroscopy and modeling of interface properties related to organic photovoltaic cells2013Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 190, s. 33-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short review, we will give examples on how photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) assisted by models on interface energetics can be used to study properties important to bulk heterojunction type organic photovoltaic devices focusing on the well-known bulk heterojunction blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) and its model system P3HT:C-60. We also will discuss some of the limitations of PES as applied to organic semiconductors (OS) and photovoltaic devices and finish with reviewing recent theoretical advances that now enable calculation of relevant parameters at (hybrid) interfaces measured by PES.

  • 5. Greczynski, G.
    et al.
    Kugler, Th.
    ACREO AB, Interconnect and Packaging, Bredgatan 34, S-602 21 Norrköping, Sweden.
    Keil, M.
    Osikowicz, Wojciech
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi.
    Photoelectron spectroscopy of thin films of PEDOT-PSS conjugated polymer blend: A mini-review and some new results2001Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 121, nr 1-3Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an overview of the photoelectron spectroscopy studies of thin films of the commercially important, electrically conducting polymer blend poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) oxidized with poly(4-styrenesulfonate), PEDOT-PSS. The issues discussed include the study of thermal effects, the influence of hydrochloric acid on the chemical and electronic structures of the films, phase segregation, as well as the energy level alignment at interfaces employing a PEDOT-PSS layer. All of these issues are important in applications of PEDOT-PSS as a hole-injecting electrode in polymer-based, light-emitting devices. Among the most important results are the identification of the three chemically different species in pristine PEDOT-PSS, namely poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid), poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), the conversion of the sodium salt into free poly(styrenesulfonic acid) upon HCl treatment, and the decomposition of the free sulfonic acid component (presumably through loss of SO3H) induced by annealing. It is also shown that phase segregation occurs in the PEDOT-PSS system, resulting in a predominance of PSS in the surface region. This issue has been studied using different approaches, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of the sulfur S(2p) and oxygen O(1s) core levels, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of the valence band region combined with reference measurements and quantum chemical calculations, as well as variable photon energy investigations of sulfur S(2p) core levels. It is demonstrated that, in the context of the energy level alignment at the polymer-metal interfaces, PEDOT-PSS shows metallic-like behavior. Due to the latter, the insertion of a thin PEDOT-PSS layer between the hole-injecting electrode ITO and a polymer layer of poly(bis-(2-dimethyloctylsilyl)-1,4-phenylenevinylene) leads to the lowering of the barrier for hole injection, independent of the work function of the underlying ITO. PEDOT-PSS is also used to show the alignment of the electrochemical potential across metal-polymer-metal structures. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 6.
    Huotari, J.
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Cao, W.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Niu, Y.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Lappalainen, J.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Puustinen, J.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Pankratov, V.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Lloyd Spetz, Anita
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tillämpad sensorvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. University of Oulu, Finland.
    Huttula, M.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Separation of valence states in thin films with mixed V2O5 and V7O16 phases2016Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 211, s. 47-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Among the other applications, vanadium oxide thin films are considered to be excellent candidates for gas sensing. To understand the origins of the sensing capability, we carried out X-ray photoelectron and X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements to determinate the surface valence states of thin films with mixed V7O16 and V2O5 compounds. Thin films were fabricated by pulsed laser deposition, and the crystal structure and symmetry of the deposited films was studied using grazing incidence X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. These results together with X-ray photoelectron and absorption spectra showed that the thin-film crystal structures varied between orthorhombic V2O5 phase and another phase of triclinic V7O16. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to quantitatively confirm the high amount of V4+ ions on surfaces of the films, especially of films with V7O16 phase present. This result was confirmed in the quantitative analysis of the V2p near -edge X-ray absorption spectra. Through the observed electronic structures, it was found that in addition to unique crystal structure and morphology, the enhanced gas sensitivity of these layers is attributed to the increase in the amount of surface oxygen vacancies. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.,

  • 7.
    Jönsson, Stina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Salaneck, William R
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Spectroscopy of ethylenedioxythiophene-derived systems: from gas phase to surfaces and interfaces found in organic electronics2004Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 137-140, s. 805-809Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Two relevant topics within the field of organic electronics have been studied with photoelectron spectroscopy. The organic material used is the successful polymer blend PEDOT-PSS. The first issue relates to the conductivity of organic materials. A known procedure (specific solvent-mixture) for improving the conductivity of PEDOT-PSS has been studied. The mechanisms behind the enhanced conductivity were shown to be due to higher PEDOT content at the surface. The other issue has to do with metal contacting of organic materials. Aluminum/PEDOT-PSS interfaces were studied. The formation of interfacial species was deduced with the aid of model molecules. We can conclude that it is mainly the PSS part that reacts with aluminum. Due to different surfaces in standard PEDOT-PSS and solvent-treated PEDOT-PSS, different interfaces are formed in the two cases.

  • 8.
    Lindell, Linda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Vahlberg, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Sensorvetenskap och Molekylfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Uvdal, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär ytfysik och nanovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Self-assembled monolayer engineered interfaces: Energy level alignment tuning through chain length and end-group polarity2015Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 204, s. 140-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the different mechanisms through which self-assembled monolayers can tailor energy level alignment at metal-organic semiconductor interfaces. We show that the large work function variation that can be induced by the self-assembled monolayer on gold has limited ability to tailor the interface energy level alignment of a subsequent organic semiconductor overlayer. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 9.
    Magnuson, Martin
    et al.
    Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris.
    Hague, Coryn
    Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris.
    Determination of the refractive index at soft X-ray resonances2004Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 137, s. 519-522Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The dispersive part of the refractive index, 1−δ, of vanadium is determined by measuring the angular dependence of the Bragg peak at the V L2,3 edge energy region using a Fe/V superlattice. This X-ray scattering technique provides access to the direct determination of the dispersive part of the refractive index across an absorption resonance and to the change of values from below unity to above unity. We demonstrate that previously tabulated values tend to underestimate the amplitude of the change in the real part of the refractive index. We also examine the need for applying absorption and polarization corrections.

  • 10.
    Magnuson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Halim, Joseph
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Näslund, Lars-Åke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Chemical bonding in carbide MXene nanosheets2018Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 224, s. 27-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    tThe chemical bonding in the carbide core and the surface chemistry in a new group of transition-metalcarbides Tin+1Cn-Tx(n = 1,2) called MXenes have been investigated by surface-sensitive valence bandX-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Changes in band structures of stacked nano sheets of different thick-nesses are analyzed in connection to known hybridization regions of TiC and TiO2that affect elastic andtransport properties. By employing high excitation energy, the photoelectron cross-section for the C 2s– Ti 3d hybridization region at the bottom of the valence band is enhanced. As shown in this work, theO 2p and F 2p bands strongly depend both on the bond lengths to the surface groups and the adsorptionsites. The effect of surface oxidation and Ar+sputtering on the electronic structure is also discussed.

  • 11.
    Magnuson, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tunnfilmsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Schmitt, Thorsten
    Research Department Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, Swiss Light Source (SLS), Switzerland.
    Duda, Laurent
    Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Polarization-dependent resonant inelastic X-ray scattering study atthe Cu L and O K-edges of YBa2Cu3O7-x2018Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 224, s. 38-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a study on the high-Tc superconductor (HTSC) YBa2Cu3O7-x(YBCO) using polarization-dependent X-ray absorption and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering. High-resolution measurementsusing synchrotron-radiation are compared with calculations using a quasi-atomic multiplet approachperformed at the Cu 2p3/2-edge of YBCO. We use a multiplet approach within the single impurity Ander-son model to reproduce and understand the character of the localized low-energy excitations in YBCO.We observe a distinct peak at about 0.5 eV in O K RIXS. This peak shows dependence on doping, incidentenergy, and momentum transfer that suggests that it has a different origin than the previously discussedcuprate bimagnons. Therefore, we assign it to bimagnon excitations within the Zhang Rice bands and/orthe Upper Hubbard bands, respectively.

  • 12.
    Magnuson, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Yang, L.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Guo, J.-H.
    Uppsala University.
    Såthe, C.
    Uppsala University.
    Agui, A.
    Uppsala University.
    Nordgren, J.
    Uppsala University.
    Luo, Y.
    University of Stockholm.
    Ågren, H.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansson, N.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Salaneck, William R.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Beräkningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hornsburgh, L. E.
    University of Durham.
    Monkman, A. P.
    University of Durham.
    Resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectra at the nitrogen and carbon K-edges of poly(pyridine-2,5-diyl)1999Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 101-103, s. 573-578Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Resonant inelastic scattering measurements of the conjugated polymer, poly(pyridine-2,5-diyl) have been performed at the nitrogen and carbon K-edges using synchrotron radiation. For comparison, molecular orbital calculations of the spectra have been carried out with the repeat unit as a model molecule of the polymer chain. The resonant emission spectra show depletion of the π electron bands which is consistent with symmetry selection and momentum conservation rules. The depletion is most obvious in the resonant inelastic scattering spectra of carbon while the nitrogen spectra are dominated by lone pair n orbital emission of σ symmetry and are less excitation energy dependent. By comparing the measurements to calculations an isomeric dependence of the resonant spectra is found giving preference to two of the four possible isomers in the polymer.

  • 13.
    Olovsson, Weine
    et al.
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.
    Marten, Tobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Teoretisk Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Holmstrom, Erik
    Instituto de Física, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.
    Johansson, Borje
    Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 530, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Teoretisk Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    First principle calculations of core-level binding energy and Auger kinetic energy shifts in metallic solids2010Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 178, nr Sp. Iss. SI, s. 88-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a brief overview of recent theoretical studies of the core-level binding energy shift (CLS) in solid metallic materials. The focus is on first principles calculations using the complete screening picture, which incorporates the initial (ground state) and final (core-ionized) state contributions of the electron photoemission process in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), all within density functional theory (DFT). Considering substitutionally disordered binary alloys, we demonstrate that on the one hand CLS depend on average conditions, such as volume and overall composition, while on the other hand they are sensitive to the specific local atomic environment. The possibility of employing layer resolved shifts as a tool for characterizing interface quality in fully embedded thin films is also discussed, with examples for CuNi systems. An extension of the complete screening picture to core-core-core Auger transitions is given, and new results for the influence of local environment effects on Auger kinetic energy shifts in fcc AgPd are presented.

  • 14.
    Petoral, Rodrigo Jr
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tillämpad Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Uvdal, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Tillämpad Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    XPS and NEXAFS study of tyrosine-terminated propanethiol assembled on gold2003Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 128, nr 2-3, s. 159-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Tyrosine-terminated propanethiol (TPT), tyrosine linked to 3-mercaptopropionic acid through an amide bond, is adsorbed to gold surfaces. The adsorbates are characterized by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS). XPS is used to investigate the chemical binding and electronic structure of the monolayer. Strong molecular binding of the tyrosine derivative on the gold surface through the sulfur atom is attained. Angle-dependent XPS results shows that TPT molecules are oriented with the sulfur atoms molecularly oriented close to the gold surface and that the phenol moiety is oriented away from the gold surface. Average orientation of the adsorbate on gold is deduced using the NEXAFS results. It shows that the main molecular axis is tilted approximately 38° relative to the Au surface normal. The ring plane of the phenol moiety exhibits a preferential orientation with an average tilt angle of the normal of the ring plane from the surface normal of about 60°.

  • 15. Sakamoto, K.
    et al.
    Hirano, M.
    Department of Physics, Grad. Sch. Sci., Tohoku U., Sendai, Japan.
    Takeda, H.
    Department of Physics, Grad. Sch. Sci., Tohoku U., Sendai, Japan.
    Jemander, S.T.
    Matsuda, I.
    Department of Chemistry, Grad. Sch. Sci., Univ. T., Tokyo, Japan.
    Amemiya, K.
    Research Center for Spectrochemistry, The University of Tokyo, 113-0033, Tokyo, Japan.
    Ohta, T.
    Department of Chemistry, Grad. Sch. Sci., Univ. T., Tokyo, Japan, Research Center for Spectrochemistry, The University of Tokyo, 113-0033, Tokyo, Japan.
    Uchida, W.
    Department of Physics, Grad. Sch. Sci., Tohoku U., Sendai, Japan.
    Hansson, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Yt- och Halvledarfysik.
    Uhrberg, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Yt- och Halvledarfysik.
    Interaction of metastable molecular oxygen with the dangling bonds of a Si(111)-(7×7) surface2001Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 114-116, s. 489-494Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have investigated the interaction between metastable molecular oxygen and the adatom dangling bonds modified by the adsorption of atomic oxygen into the back-bonds of a Si(111)-(7×7) surface. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy shows that the metastable states increase in intensity faster but with a decrease in its saturated intensity as the coverage of atomic oxygen increases. This result suggests that the number of modified dangling bonds is not the only important factor for the adsorption process of metastable oxygen. Taking into account the observation of modified dangling bonds with different density of states in scanning tunneling microscopy, we conclude that the adsorption of the metastable oxygen species correlates closely with the density of states of the dangling bond.

  • 16.
    Sakamoto, Kazuyuki
    et al.
    Chiba University, Japan.
    Oda, Tatsuki
    Kanazawa University, Japan.
    Kimura, Akio
    Hiroshima University, Japan.
    Takeichi, Yasuo
    University of Tokyo, Japan.
    Fujii, Jun
    CNR, Italy.
    Uhrberg, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Yt- och Halvledarfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Donath, Markus
    University of Munster, Germany.
    Woong Yeom, Han
    Pohang University of Science and Technology, South Korea; Pohang University of Science and Technology, South Korea.
    Symmetry induced peculiar Rashba effect on thallium adsorbed Si(111) surfaces2015Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 201, s. 88-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The geometric symmetry of the surface plays an important role for the spin-orbit-induced spin texture of two-dimensional electronic states. This article reviews the peculiar Rashba spins induced by a C-3 symmetry, including the completely spin polarized surface states with the polarization vector oriented perpendicular to the surface, i.e. a direction that is not expected in a typical Rashba system. This review also describes that this peculiar Rashba situation has possibility to suppress backscattering and therefore to greatly improve the efficiency of spin transport, which is an essential issue in the development of high-performance semiconductor spintronic devices. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 17.
    Takata, Y.
    et al.
    Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Okazaki.
    Hatsui, T.
    Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Okazaki.
    Kosugi, N.
    Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Okazaki.
    Agui, A.
    Uppsala University.
    Magnuson, Martin
    Uppsala University.
    Såthe, C.
    Uppsala University,.
    Rubensson, J.-E.
    Uppsala University,.
    Nordgren, J.
    Uppsala University,.
    Valence excitations observed in resonant soft X-ray emission spectra of K2Ni(CN)4.H2O at the Ni 2p edge2001Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 114-116, s. 909-913Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Resonant soft X-ray emission spectra have been measured at the Ni 2p edge of a planar nickel complex K2Ni(CN)4·H2O and interpreted by performing ab initio configuration interaction calculations. This cyano complex shows characteristic metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) bands in the Ni 2p photoabsorption spectra. Resonant soft X-ray emission via the MLCT intermediate states can be interpreted as valence MLCT excitations within a one-electron picture. On the other hand, resonant soft X-ray emission via the intra-atomic Ni 2p–3d intermediate state corresponding to the white line excitation shows significant electron correlation effects.

  • 18.
    Ueno, N
    et al.
    Chiba University.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Ytors Fysik och Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Koch, N
    Humboldt University.
    Special Issue Advanced Spectroscopies of Molecular Materials for Electronics Preface2009Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 174, nr 1-3, s. 1-2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Uhrberg, Roger
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Yt- och Halvledarfysik.
    Zhang, Hanmin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Yt- och Halvledarfysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    High-resolution photoemission studies of adsorbates and overlayers on semiconductor surfaces2004Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 137, s. 205-210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    High-resolution photoemission provides important information about the electronic and atomic structure of surfaces. To make full use of the high-energy resolution that is available at many synchrotron radiation facilities, it is important to lower the phonon induced broadening by reducing the sample temperature. Another equally important factor is the sample quality. Sample inhomogeneities may have a significant detrimental effect on the line widths of the core-levels masking essential information. The surfaces discussed in this paper include Si(111)7 x 7, Si(111)1 x 1:As and Si(111)root3 x root3:Ag. The Si(111)root3 x root3:Ag surface is a good example of the importance of the sample preparation and characterization. A tiny amount of additional Ag atoms on top of the root3 x root3 layer leads to a significant broadening of the apparent core-level widths. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 20.
    Xia, Chao
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Halvledarmaterial.
    Tal, Alexey
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Teoretisk Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Johansson, Leif
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Halvledarmaterial. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olovsson, Weine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Nationellt superdatorcentrum (NSC).
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Teoretisk Fysik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Virojanadara, Chariya
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Halvledarmaterial. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Effects of rhenium on graphene grown on SiC(0001)2018Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 222, s. 117-121Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the effects of Rhenium (Re) deposited on epitaxial monolayer graphene grown on SiC(0001) and after subsequent annealing at different temperatures, by performing high resolution photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES). The graphene-Re system is found to be thermally stable. While no intercalation or chemical reaction of the Re is detected after deposition and subsequent annealing up to 1200 degrees C, a gradual decrease in the binding energy of the Re 4f doublet is observed. We propose that a larger mobility of the Re atoms with increasing annealing temperature and hopping of Re atoms between different defective sites on the graphene sample could induce this decrease of Re 4f binding energy. This is corroborated by first principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the Re core-level binding energy shift. No change in the doping or splitting of the initial monolayer graphene electronic band structure is observed after Re deposition and annealing up to 1200 degrees C, only a broadening of the bands. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 21.
    Yablonskikh M. V., M. V.
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Yarmoshenko, Yu. M.
    Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, Yekaterinburg .
    Solovyev, I. V.
    Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, Yekaterinburg .
    Kurmaev, E. Z.
    Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, Yekaterinburg .
    Duda, L.-C.
    Uppsala University.
    Schmitt, Thorsten
    Uppsala University.
    Magnuson, Martin
    Uppsala University.
    Nordgren, Joseph
    Uppsala University.
    Moewes, Alexander
    University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada .
    Resonant L_alpha,betha X-ray emission and L2,3 X-ray absorption spectra of 3d metals in Co2MnZ (Z=Al,Ga,Sn,Sb) Heusler alloys as an element-selectve probe of spin character of valence band2005Inngår i: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, E-ISSN 1873-2526, Vol. 144-147, s. 765-769Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The 3d metal resonant X-ray emission spectra (RXES) and L3,2 X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of the Co2MnZ (Z=Al, Ga, Sn, Sb) alloys were measured using linearly polarized soft X-rays. The Mn and Co spectra are compared with results of spin-polarized calculations of Mn 3d and Co 3d partial densities of states performed for each alloy. It is found that a satellite observed at the high-energy side of Mn spectra is due to the localized Mn 3d states located above the Fermi energy. It is shown that the presence of the same satellite structure indicates a higher degree of spin-polarization of Mn 3d states than Co 3d states.

    Both the intensity of the satellite structure in Mn spectra and the /, peak ratio are increased and follow the atomic number of Z element. The effect is especially strong when excitating slightly above the L3 and L2 threshold energies as well as at resonance. We observe a correlation between these spectral parameters and the magnitude of local magnetic moment. The changes occurring in the Mn RXES are in good agreement with a predicted decrease in p–d hybridization (between the atoms of Z element and Mn atoms). The calculated local density of Mn 3d states at the Fermi energy follows the same trend as the hybridization. This suggests that RXES of 3d metals can be used to monitor the degree of spin-polarization of the valence band states and the local density of states at the Fermi level. Note that neither the Mn L2,3 absorption nor the Co L2,3 and Co emission spectra of the alloys are affected by the different composition (different Z elements).

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