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  • 1.
    Adam, Rania Elhadi
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alnoor, Hatim
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pozina, Galia
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics.
    Synthesis of Mg-doped ZnO NPs via a chemical low-temperature method and investigation of the efficient photocatalytic activity for the degradation of dyes under solar light2020In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 99, article id 106053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Doped semiconductors nanostructures (NSs) have shown great interest as a potential for green and efficient photocatalysis activities. Magnesium (Mg)-doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) has been synthesized by a one-step chemical low temperature (60 °C) co-precipitation method without further calcination and their photocatalytic performance for photodegradation of Methylene blue (MB) dye under the illumination of solar light is investigated. The crystal structure of the synthesized NPs is examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). XRD data indicates a slight shift towards higher 2θ angle in Mg-doped samples as compared to the pure ZnO NPs which suggest the incorporation of Mg2+ into ZnO crystal lattice. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV–Vis spectrophotometer and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy, were used to study electronics, and optical properties, respectively. The XPS analysis confirms the substitution of the Zn2+ by the Mg2+ into the ZnO crystal lattice in agreement with the XRD data. The photocatalytic activities showed a significant enhancement of the Mg-doped ZnO NPs in comparison with pure ZnO NPs. Hole/radical scavengers were used to reveal the mechanism of the photodegradation. It was found that the addition of the Mg to the ZnO lattices increases the absorption of the hydroxyl ions at the surface of the NPs and hence acts as a trap site leading to decrease the electron-hole pair and consequently enhancing the photodegradation.

  • 2.
    Elhadi Adam, Rania Elhadi
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alnoor, Hatim
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pozina, Galia
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics, Electronics and Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Synthesis of Mg-doped ZnO NPs via a chemical low-temperature method and investigation of the efficient photocatalytic activity for the degradation of dyes under solar light2020In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 99, article id 106053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Doped semiconductors nanostructures (NSs) have shown great interest as a potential for green and efficient photocatalysis activities. Magnesium (Mg)-doped zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) has been synthesized by a one-step chemical low temperature (60 degrees C) co-precipitation method without further calcination and their photocatalytic performance for photodegradation of Methylene blue (MB) dye under the illumination of solar light is investigated. The crystal structure of the synthesized NPs is examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). XRD data indicates a slight shift towards higher 2 theta angle in Mg-doped samples as compared to the pure ZnO NPs which suggest the incorporation of Mg2+ into ZnO crystal lattice. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis spectrophotometer and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy, were used to study electronics, and optical properties, respectively. The XPS analysis confirms the substitution of the Zn2+ by the Mg2+ into the ZnO crystal lattice in agreement with the XRD data. The photocatalytic activities showed a significant enhancement of the Mg-doped ZnO NPs in comparison with pure ZnO NPs. Hole/radical scavengers were used to reveal the mechanism of the photodegradation. It was found that the addition of the Mg to the ZnO lattices increases the absorption of the hydroxyl ions at the surface of the NPs and hence acts as a trap site leading to decrease the electron-hole pair and consequently enhancing the photodegradation.

  • 3.
    Flemström, A.
    et al.
    Department of Inorganic, Structural and Physical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S-10691, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hirsch, T. K.
    Department of Inorganic, Structural and Physical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S-10691, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sehlstedt, L.
    Department of Inorganic, Structural and Physical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S-10691, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lidin, S.
    Department of Inorganic, Structural and Physical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S-10691, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ojamäe, L.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Physical Chemistry .
    Effects from hydrogen bonds on water structure in (H3O)2[Mo6Cl8X6yH2O X=Cl (y=7), Br (y=6), or I (y=6)2002In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 4, no 8, p. 1017-1022Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The compounds (a) (H3O)2[Mo6Cl8Cl6]·7H2O, (b) (H3O)2[Mo6Cl8Br6]·6H2O and (c) (H3O)2[Mo6Cl8I6]·6H2O were synthesized from MoCl2 and the corresponding halide acid. The structures were determined by X-ray diffraction and refined in the monoclinic space groups, (a) C2/c and for (b) and (c) P21/a. The cell parameters were for (a), a=17.3607(2), b=9.1351(7), c=18.6300(2) Å and β=98.13(1)°, (b) a=17.4295(2), b=9.3803(10), c=9.3769(12) Å and β=101.04(1)° and (c) a=18.0083(10), b=9.7612(10), c=9.8139(12) Å and β=100.20(2)°. The positions of the hydrogen atoms were determined by theoretical energy optimization. The structures are compared with respect to the effect of hydrogen bonding on the water structure.

  • 4.
    Khun, Kimleang
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Elhag, Sami
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ibupoto, Zafar Hussain
    Dr. M. A. Kazi Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.
    Khranovskyy, Volodymyr
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Semiconductor Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nur, Omer
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Willander, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Supramolecules-assisted ZnO nanostructures growth and their UV photodetector application2015In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 41, p. 14-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanosheets, nickel oxide (NiO) nanoflowers and their nanocomposite were grown on the fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate. The supramolecules-assisted ZnO growth by a hydrothermal method used to tune the morphology of the grown ZnO nanostructures to nanosheets morphology. The synthesis, purity and the optical properties of the grown material were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-visible spectrometry and photoluminescence (PL) analysis. The current-voltage (I-V) characterization of the ZnO/NiO heterojunction was performed at room temperature and showed an obvious nonlinear and rectifying response. A strong UV absorption with fast switching was observed from the ZnO/NiO composite heterojunction. The proposed UV photodetector based on this nano-composite is more stable, possesses fast rising and decaying time response approximately 100 ms and low leakage current was investigated. The findings indicate that the importance of the use of controlled nanostructures morphology for developing efficient nanodevices for various applications

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