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  • 1.
    Brohede, Sabina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
    Wyon, Yvonne
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
    Wingren, Gun
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Wijma, Barbro
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
    Wijma, Klaas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Body dysmorphic disorder in female Swedish dermatology patients2017In: International Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0011-9059, E-ISSN 1365-4632, Vol. 56, no 12, p. 1387-1394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundIndividuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are highly distressed and impaired owing to perceived defects in their physical appearance that are not noticeable to others. They are frequently concerned about their skin and often present to dermatologists rather than psychiatrists. However, BDD patients attending dermatology clinics may be at risk of not receiving an appropriate assessment and beneficial treatment. The aims of this study were to estimate the BDD prevalence rate among Swedish female dermatology patients and to assess the psychological condition of BDD patients compared to that of other dermatology patients. MethodsThe occurrence of BDD was estimated using the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (BDDQ), a validated self-report measure for BDD. Symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and quality of life was assessed using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). ResultsThe prevalence rate of BDD among female Swedish dermatology patients was 4.9% (95% CI 3.2-7.4). Anxiety (HADS A11) was 4-fold more commonly reported by patients with positive BDD screening (48% vs. 11%), and depression (HADS D11) was over 10-fold more common in patients with positive BDD screening (19% vs. 1.8%) (Pamp;lt;0.001). The median DLQI score was 18 in the BDD group, compared to a score of 4 in the non-BDD group (Pamp;lt;0.001). ConclusionsOur results indicate that BDD is fairly common among female Swedish dermatology patients (4.9%) and that BDD patients have high levels of depression and anxiety and severely impaired quality of life.

  • 2.
    Nyberg, F.
    et al.
    Department of Dermatology, Danderyd Hospital, S-18288 Stockholm, Sweden, Institution for Health Economics, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden, Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Institution for Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Osika, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    Evengard, B.
    Evengård, B., Department of Dermatology, Danderyd Hospital, S-18288 Stockholm, Sweden, Institution for Health Economics, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden, Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Institution for Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden.
    "The Laundry Bag Project" - Unequal distribution of dermatological healthcare resources for male and female psoriatic patients in Sweden2008In: International Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0011-9059, E-ISSN 1365-4632, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 144-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Psoriasis and eczema are common dermatological diseases that occur with approximately equal frequency in men and in women. The aim of this study was to determine whether men and women with dermatological diseases in need of ultra-violet radiation (UV) treatment receive equal care. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of records of all patients referred to and seen at our clinic during 2003 with diagnoses of psoriasis or eczema. We performed a gender-based analysis of the number, type, and estimated cost of the treatments given to each patient. We evaluated similar data from a Swedish Psoriasis Association (SPA) treatment center and from the state pharmacy monopoly (Apoteksstatistiken). Results: Men with eczema or psoriasis received more help with emollients than did women and were given a greater number of UV treatments. At our clinic and at the SPA center, women constituted 37 and 42%, respectively, of the individuals who received UV treatment, yet, they received only 34 and 36% of the treatments, respectively. Women were prescribed self-care more often than men, with 61% of prescriptions for emollients and 48% of specific topical treatments for psoriasis dispensed to women. Conclusions: We discovered previously unrecognized gender differences in standard dermatological treatment for common diagnoses at our hospital. To ensure optimal care for each patient, treatment disparity should be recognized and gender-based analyzes be carried out when planning dermatological health care. © 2008 The International Society of Dermatology.

  • 3. Thai, Keng-Ee
    et al.
    Fergin, Peter
    Freeman, Michael
    Vinciullo, Carl
    Francis, David
    Spelman, Lynda
    Murrell, Dedee
    Anderson, Chris
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Division of dermatology and venereology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Dermatology and Venerology in Östergötland.
    Weightman, Warren
    Reid, Catherine
    Watson, Alan
    Foley, Peter
    A prospective study of the use of cryosurgery for the treatment of actinic keratoses2004In: International Journal of Dermatology, ISSN 0011-9059, E-ISSN 1365-4632, Vol. 43, p. 687-692Article in journal (Refereed)
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