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  • 1.
    Finnström, Orvar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Barn.
    Gäddlin, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics.
    Leijon, Ingemar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Pediatrics. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Barn.
    Samuelsson, S
    Wadsby, Marie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Very-low-birth-weight children at school age: Academic achievement, behavior and self-esteem and relation to risk factors2003In: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, ISSN 1476-7058, E-ISSN 1476-4954, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 75-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate school performance, behavior and self-esteem of children with very low birth weight (VLBW). Methods: All children with birth weight below 1501 g (VLBW) and normal birth weight controls, born in the south-east region of Sweden during a 15-month period in 1987-88, were enrolled in a prospective follow-up study. At the age of 9 years, 81% and 82%, respectively, were re-examined regarding growth, neurofunctional classification, academic achievement tests, need for special education and behavioral problems. At 12 years, 89% and 76%, respectively, were re-examined regarding growth, neurofunctional classification, visual acuity and self-esteem. Results: VLBW children were shorter and lighter, and differed from the controls with regard to neurological functional classification. They produced poorer results in most academic achievement tests. When the comparison was restricted to children with normal intelligence, almost all the differences in other academic achievements disappeared. VLBW children had more reading difficulties but were less often than expected defined as dyslexics compared to control children. We did not find any major disparity in visual acuity and self-esteem between the groups. Low Apgar scores, intracranial hemorrhage and the need for mechanical ventilation neonatally were associated with poorer results in most outcome measures. Neurofunctional assessments in early childhood were associated with most outcome measures. The mother's education was related to delayed reading skills and need for special education. Conclusions: Although VLBW children performed less well in most academic achievement tests and on some behavioral subscales, those who had a normal intellectual capacity did not differ in any important aspects from the controls.

  • 2.
    Lundgren, Cecilia
    et al.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Brudin, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Department of Clinical Physiology , Kalmar County Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Wanby, Anna-Stina
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Kalmar County Hospital , Kalmar , Sweden.
    Cedergren, Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
    Ante- and intrapartum risk factors for neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy2018In: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, ISSN 1476-7058, E-ISSN 1476-4954, Vol. 31, no 12, p. 1595-1601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To identify obstetrical risk factors for the diagnosis of neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). A secondary aim was to determine the incidence of HIE.

  • 3.
    Zaigham, Mehreen
    et al.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Skåne University Hospital, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Fredrik
    Department of Neonatology, Skåne University Hospital, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Hayes, Ronald
    Banyan Biomarkers Inc., Alachua, FL, USA.
    Undén, Johan
    Department of Intensive Care and Perioperative Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Per
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Skåne University Hospital, Institution of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Umbilical cord blood concentrations of ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in neonates developing hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.2015In: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, ISSN 1476-7058, E-ISSN 1476-4954, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 1822-1828Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To compare ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) concentrations in umbilical cord blood of neonates who develop Sarnat stage II-III hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) to healthy controls, and to relate the concentrations to the severity of neurology and long-time outcomes.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cord sera of 15 neonates with HIE II-III and 31 matched controls were analyzed for UCH-L1 and GFAP. Comparisons were performed for cord artery pH, amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG), stage of HIE, and death or sequelae up to an age of 6 years. Parametric and non-parametric statistics were used with a two-sided p < 0.05 considered significant.

    RESULTS: Among controls no associations between biomarker concentrations and gestational age, birthweight, length of storage of cord sera and degree of hemolysis were found. No significant differences in biomarker concentrations were found between HIE neonates and controls, and no differences were found with regard to HIE stage, cord acidemia, severity of aEEG changes, or persistent sequelae or death.

    CONCLUSIONS: No differences in cord blood UCH-L1 and GFAP concentrations were found between HIE neonates and controls, and no associations were found between the biomarker concentrations and the severity of disease, or whether the condition developed into a permanent or fatal injury.

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