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  • 1. Jatuzis, D
    et al.
    Zachrisson, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Clinical Physiology in Linköping.
    Blomstrand, C
    Ekholm, S
    Holm, J
    Volkmann, R
    Evaluation of posterior cerebral artery blood flow with transcranial Doppler sonography: value and risk of common carotid artery compression.2000In: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, ISSN 0091-2751, E-ISSN 1097-0096, Vol. 28, no 9, p. 452-460Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Investigations of the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA) by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) may be less reliable than investigations of the anterior part of the circle of Willis. Nevertheless, a true PCA may be identified by manual compression of the proximal common carotid artery (CCA) during TCD. Therefore, we used CCA compression in clinically indicated TCD studies and assessed retrospectively its risks and prospectively its benefits for PCA evaluations.

    METHODS: Using the transtemporal approach, we prospectively assessed flow velocities in posteriorly located blood vessels in 180 consecutive patients before and during CCA compression. The complications of CCA compression were retrospectively reviewed in all 3,383 clinical TCD investigations performed over an 8-year period.

    RESULTS: Decreased flow velocities during ipsilateral CCA compression occurred in 17% of patients. A PCA-like vessel with perfusion from the carotid artery or PCA supply from the carotid circulation was unmasked. Mixed distal PCA support by the posterior communicating artery and proximal PCA could not be shown by TCD. Transient cerebral symptoms occurred in less than 0.4% of the 3,383 retrospectively reviewed TCD investigations; no other adverse effects were seen.

    CONCLUSIONS: TCD without CCA compression may lead to false identification of the PCA. Since transient cerebral symptoms during CCA compression are rare, CCA compression can be used when a clinical TCD investigation of intracranial collateral blood flow compensation is indicated or when the identification of a cerebral artery is uncertain.

  • 2.
    Walker, Andrew
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Physiological Measurements. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Philips, David J.
    Department of Surgery and Center for Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle.
    Powers, Jeffry E.
    Department of Surgery and Center for Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle.
    Evaluating doppler devices using a moving string test target1982In: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, ISSN 0091-2751, E-ISSN 1097-0096, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 25-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two moving string test targets have been developed and used to characterize ultrasound Doppler instrumentation. The characteristics investigated were sample volume size and location. The tests were performed on a combined echo/Doppler instrument and on an annular array system. The procedures can be carried out routinely in the clinical laboratory to ensure that the instrument is working properly or as an aid for correct interpretation of acquired data.

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