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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2010In: Dimensionen der Logistik / [ed] in Schönberger, R., & Elbert, R., Heidelberg: Gabler Research , 2010, p. 533-552Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Funktionen, Institutionen und Handlungsebenen beschreiben die drei Dimensionen des von Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Hans-Christian Pfohl geschaffenen Logistikwürfels. Anlässlich seiner Emeritierung beleuchten Wissenschaftler und Praktiker in 75 Fachbeiträgen die Logistik mit all ihren Facetten und aktuellen Entwicklungen und geben Anregungen für die zukünftige Forschung und Praxis.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Role of Logistics in Corporate Strategy2008In: Northern lights in logistics & supply chain management / [ed] Stentoft, Halldorsson, Jahre, Spens, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 2008, 1, p. 49-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Northern Lights in Logistics & Supply Chain Management" portrays the past, present and future research of the subject in the Nordic countries. The NOFOMA conference - a network of Nordic researchers within the field of Logistics and Supply Chain Management - has been a focal point in the contribution to the continuous improvement and further development of Nordic research. The network has also opened up for interaction with fellow researchers from other countries. There are sixteen chapters in the book that in its own way colours the Nordic rainbow of research within Logistics and Supply Chain Management. The chapters are structured in four themes: 1) Origins and strategic aspects; 2) Research approaches in the Nordic countries; 3) Advancement of distribution strategies and; 4) Emerging application areas of logistics and SCM. The chapters provide an understanding and, perhaps more importantly, consciousness for scholars that are part of this research environment: Where are we now, what have we been influenced by, and in what area are we able to provide positive impact? The aim of the book is also to contribute to increased visibility to fellow international scholars within Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Brege, Staffan
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics .
    Dynamic effectiveness: Improved industrial distribution from interaction between marketing and logistics strategies2005In: Journal of Distribution Channels, ISSN 1046-669X, E-ISSN 1540-7039, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 83-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on different observations, in theory as well as in practice, we have identified strategies and operations following two different tracks, striving in different directions, despite it being well known they should go hand in hand. For companies challenged by a more and more dynamic business environment with heavier market segmentation, additional marketing channels, increasing globalisation on supplier and customer side, and high pressure on profit margins, the result from this is competitive weakness. The purpose of this article is to switch focus from operational effectiveness and strategic positioning as static success concepts on how to improve industrial distribution, to dynamic challenges of how to continuously manage the interaction between marketing strategies and operations (e.g., logistics) under the influence of a dynamic business environment. From theories in market strategies, logistics, flexibility, and marketing channels together with empirical experience from a best practice case study, we are introducing a model for dynamic effectiveness, describing the different characteristics of a company and what to focus on in order to become more dynamic. In order to constantly move to new market positions, and at the same time, restructure logistics and improve operational effectiveness, we have identified the dynamic capabilities of an organisation to be the key to success in industrial distribution. We define dynamic effectiveness as "how fast-and-well a company can go from one strategic positioning and productivity frontier to another." It tells that a frequent interaction between new strategic moves and actions for higher operational effectiveness is required to be in pace with the dynamic and changing business environment and to stay ahead of competition. As a part, of this, best, practice logistics performance makes it possible not only to be more agile to new strategic moves, but also to drive strategic development from a high operational level. This is achieved by designing logistics to be a resource base to support and be an enabler for new strategic moves on the market. © 2004 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karlöf, Stefan
    Sonat, Sverige.
    Det dynamiska företaget: om följsamhet och flödesorienterade affärsmodeller2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens osäkra affärsklimat betraktas av många som ett problem och en risk som måste hanteras. I den här boken vänder författarna på perspektivet och betraktar osäkerheten som en möjlighet till framgång - om företaget har tillräcklig dynamisk förmåga. Den dynamiska förmågan innebär att företaget snabbt kan förändra sin marknadsstrategi och sin dagliga verksamhet. Det kräver en tydlig och flödesorienterad affärsmodell med en effektiv och följsam kedja från leverantör till slutkund. Denna bok presenterar en modell för hur företaget kan uppnå en sådan dynamisk effektivitet och diskuterar hur man kan omsätta den i praktisk handling. Boken vänder sig till chefer och ledningsgrupper i företag som vill utvecklas i takt med omvärldens krav och därmed få bäst förutsättningar att överleva och växa i det krävande affärsklimatet - survival of the fittest!

  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Inside the Core: Managing risks in Business Critical Outsourcing2011In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual IPSERA Conference, Vision 20/20 – Preparing Today for Tomorrow’s Challenges / [ed] F. Rozemeijer, M. Wetzels, L. Quintens, 2011, p. 1092-1101Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations are increasingly outsourcing business critical activities, which increases the risk of substantial negative impact on the financial and strategic business performance. The aim of this paper is to show how outsourcer and supplier seek to mitigate the risks during the negotiations and the ongoing operations of the outsourced activities. The conclusion is that risk mitigating dimensions are directional and operates at different organizational levels, and secondly, that the dimension operates sequentially as a means to mitigate performance and relational risks. It is also concluded that goodwill trust and a cooperative stance have substantial impact on the success of the outsourcing.

  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Malmgren, Mike
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Dan
    Chalmers.
    Managing risk in complex and business critical outsourcing of services2011In: Proceedings of 18th International Annual Conference of the European Operations Management Association. EurOMA, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades the phenomenon of outsourcing of resources and activities has emerged as an important trend in a wide range of organizations and many companies are today outsourcing complex and business critical resources and activities. This increase in business criticality also increases the risk of substantial and negative impact on the financial and strategic performance. The proposition is that business critical outsourcing is approached with a joint risk perspective and that an understanding of the decision process is essential for success. Further, it is important to view outsourcing as an ongoing process with a number of key stages.

  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Role of Logistics in Retailers' Corporate Strategy: A Driver for Growth and Customer Value2010In: Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, ISSN 1625-8312, E-ISSN 1624-6039, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 14-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the role of logistics and supply chain management (SCM) in retailers’ corporate strategy and is based on reviewing multiple qualitative case studies of companies in the Swedish food retail sector. The article proposes that the role of logistics for what is referred to in this paper as modern retailers is twofold: to create profitability and to support growth and market expansion. International modern retailers are empirically compared with similar companies in the Swedish market. The dominating Swedish food retailers have taken command in the food supply chain but are primarily concerned with traditional logistics roles in cost cutting. This role is perfectly fine as long as the strategic intent of the companies is focused on market retention and not on geographical expansion and/or new marketing or store concepts. We argue that the success of modern retailers in terms of growth rate, profitability, and market expansion is explained to a large extent by the role of logistics in corporate strategy—when the role for supporting growth and increasing customer value from high-performance supply capabilities is a driver for market expansion. However, in many of our cases the traditional logistics roles of cutting costs and lead-times is still the dominating pattern that limits the possibility of expanding into new markets. Better knowledge of logistics’ role in retail corporate strategy can help companies develop and improve their strategic intent as well as redefine the role of logistics.

  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olle, Olsson
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Role of Buying Groups in Retail Logistics2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olsson, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The role of purchasing groups in retail logistics2012In: Nordic Retail Research: Emerging Diversity / [ed] Johan Hagberg, Ulrika Holmberg, Malin Sundström, Lars Walter, Göteborg: Bokförlaget BAS , 2012, 1, p. 155-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book aims to provide an illustration of the diversity that characterises contemporary Nordic research in the field of retail. The book draws on a large variety of methods, describes a variety of retail sectors and covers a large number of retail phenomena. The book is suitable for researchers, graduate students and professionals who want to learn more about contemporary retailing research

  • 10.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Logistik i svensk handel: Ett projekt finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten sammanfattar ett forskningsprojekt, Logistik i svensk handel, som har pågått under perioden juli 2009 t.o.m. februari 2011 och som är finansierat av Handelns Utvecklingsråd.

    En utgångspunkt och hypotes för projektet var att det finns avgörande branschmässiga skillnader i sättet att arbeta med logistikfrågor. En hypotes som har testats mot empirin, vilket har lett till slutsatsen att logistiken endast i begränsad omfattning är branschspecifik och att branschtillhörighet inte är den avgörande faktorn för hur logistiken utformas för handelsföretag. En viktigare faktor, är hur butikerna drivs visavi centrala enheter, hur integrationen ser ut mellan logistikstrategi och inköps- respektive marknadsstrategi, samt hur systemgränserna för logistiken definieras.

    Genom hela arbetet har vi jämfört den logistikbild vi har sett med en ”ideal bild”, i form av logistiken i internationell ”mega-retailing”, vilket idag representerar ”best practice” inom logistik och där logistiken är en integrerad del av företagens affärsmodell och ett direkt stöd för företagets lönsamhet och tillväxt. Den jämförelsen visar att det är mycket stora skillnader i logistikkompetens och mognad mellan olika företag och att logistik inom många handelsföretag fortfarande är ett område med stor förbättringspotential.

    Förutom den här rapporten har projektet genererat en lång rad akademiska artiklar som är publicerade i journaler och/eller har presenterats på konferenser och seminarier. Vi har varit i kontakt med ett stort antal, kollegor, företag och forskare i Sverige och andra länder för att samla material. Ett stort tack till alla de som har bidragit med material till projektet.

    Ett speciellt tack till Andreas Hedlund på Handelns Utvecklingsråd, som förutom finansiellt stöd har backat upp projektet med seminarier arrangerade av Handelns utvecklingsråd.

    Linköping i Maj 2011

    Mats Abrahamsson   Jakob Rehme   Erik Sandberg

  • 11.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Dan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Logistics Changes and Challenges in Swedish Food Supply Chains2008In: Nofoma 2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Aldin, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Luna Case within Bergman & Beving Tools: Changes in Logistics Management2002Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies conducting business in multiple marketing channels need logistics and IT solutions that support their wide array of strategy and operations. Those, and other firms, do not solely rely on new concepts but also on continuously developing their businesses in the interaction between marketing and logistics. This case study will show on these aspects - how marketing and logistics may be integrated in such a channel environment by continuously developing the business as well as through new approaches in information technology - electronic commerce.

    The Luna case Within Bergman & Beving Tools illustrates the development of a medium sized distributor from catalogue based firm to flow co-ordinator in a group constellation, a change from a single steady going to a multiple requirement demanding marketing channel. Luna is a transaction intensive distributor of tools and machinery equipment with long experience in logistics and information technology. The company is guarantor for assortment quality, fast and reliable logistics through sophisticated IT solutions as well as value added competence in its trade relations with dealers and end customers. Independent dealers and end customers are found in Nordic industrial, construction, engineering, administration and consumer sectors. Bergman & Beving Tools is parent company to seven distributors of which Luna is the largest.

    To start with, this case describes the background development of the business in the fields of marketing, logistics and information technology until 1993. The second part between 1993 and 2001 describes how the marketing agenda has changed, how electronic commerce has been used to develop the business and changes in logistics, both on operational and strategic levels. As a whole the case describes changes in logistics management and how that has interacted with market development.

  • 13.
    Aldin, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The strategic interplay between logistics and market development: and the influence of electronic commerce2002Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how logistics and market development interplay. In order to do this the research topics are to analyze what the requirements on logistics are from a changing marketing strategy, as expansion or changed customer focus, and how logistics may support continued market development. This is particularly interesting when the business environment is changing. Within the research topics Internet-based electronic commerce is given attention, firstly as a marketing channel sensitive to business changes and secondly as an integrated part of marketing and logistics development. In all parts of the study, the choice of processes, structures and organizations of logistics have been in focus, here labelled logistics.

    The study consists of three parts and a cover. The cover synthesizes and summarizes the parts - one case study and two journal papers. The case study is a study over time of a medium-sized Swedish distributor selling tools and machinery to Nordic industrial sectors and the Baltic States. The distributor has gone through a change in marketing strategy and implemented an electronic commerce portal, which makes it interesting to study. In the journal papers the research topics are further elaborated and analyzed. The first journal paper focuses on the requirements, and the second paper on the contributions created, even though they overlap. In both parts electronic commerce has been considered an important element. In-depth interviews have been performed in the main case study object but also in two other distributors concerning electronic commerce possibilities.

     The case study describes the development of the case considering changes in marketing, logistics and electronic commerce strategy. It shows how the case company goes through a strategic change that involves expansion, the use of electronic commerce and changed logistics processes, structures and organizations. In journal paper one the market channel possibilities are analyzed for the case and how these require changes in logistics. It is concluded that with an increased environmental insecurity the need of strategic flexibility increases in new marketing channels and as a consequence the need for a centralized logistics organization. In journal paper two is the electronic commerce support for market and logistics development analyzed for three different distributors. It is concluded that electronic commerce efforts need to start at an activity level, but constantly widen the scope. A stepwise approach is outlined that combines market repositioning and logistics refinement. Support for how electronic commerce contributes to market and logistics development is found.

    This study supports previous research that claims that organizational integration between logistics and marketing is important. In a changing business environment organizational issues become the main focus in logistics. The need for centralized responsibility to tackle new and changing market requirements is outlined as essential in combination with a greater amount of internal collaboration through informal communication. In this study, the organization of logistics has been argued to have a decisive impact on the ability to find the best strategies that integrate logistics and marketing. Therefore organizational issues precede process and structural change. Electronic commerce and structural change become parts of a strategy to adapt to a continuously changing business.

    Electronic commerce, logistics process, organizational and structural development contribute to marketing development in different ways by combining cost, service and flexibility in logistics. The stepwise approach signals that to come further with electronic commerce, different lines of action in logistics are needed, such as process streamlining to create better co-ordination and customer service or structural change to further expand the market. Accordingly, different logistics strategies are adaptable to different marketing strategies. However, a centralized logistics organization is argued to be a pre-requisite to become strategic flexible for new marketing strategies and being able to create the necessary interplay between marketing and logistics.

    List of papers
    1. The Luna Case within Bergman & Beving Tools: Changes in Logistics Management
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Luna Case within Bergman & Beving Tools: Changes in Logistics Management
    2002 (English)Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies conducting business in multiple marketing channels need logistics and IT solutions that support their wide array of strategy and operations. Those, and other firms, do not solely rely on new concepts but also on continuously developing their businesses in the interaction between marketing and logistics. This case study will show on these aspects - how marketing and logistics may be integrated in such a channel environment by continuously developing the business as well as through new approaches in information technology - electronic commerce.

    The Luna case Within Bergman & Beving Tools illustrates the development of a medium sized distributor from catalogue based firm to flow co-ordinator in a group constellation, a change from a single steady going to a multiple requirement demanding marketing channel. Luna is a transaction intensive distributor of tools and machinery equipment with long experience in logistics and information technology. The company is guarantor for assortment quality, fast and reliable logistics through sophisticated IT solutions as well as value added competence in its trade relations with dealers and end customers. Independent dealers and end customers are found in Nordic industrial, construction, engineering, administration and consumer sectors. Bergman & Beving Tools is parent company to seven distributors of which Luna is the largest.

    To start with, this case describes the background development of the business in the fields of marketing, logistics and information technology until 1993. The second part between 1993 and 2001 describes how the marketing agenda has changed, how electronic commerce has been used to develop the business and changes in logistics, both on operational and strategic levels. As a whole the case describes changes in logistics management and how that has interacted with market development.

    Publisher
    p. 53
    Series
    IMIE Working Paper, ISSN 1403-4638 ; 2
    National Category
    Transport Systems and Logistics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99897 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2013-10-23
    2. Electronic commerce, marketing channels and logistics platforms - a wholesaler perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic commerce, marketing channels and logistics platforms - a wholesaler perspective
    2003 (English)In: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 144, no 2, p. 270-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce may impose new demands which the supply chain has to react to, while at the same time being an enabler of effective marketing and logistics. This paper describes alternative strategies for wholesalers conducting electronic commerce and how logistics may support the development of marketing channels and improve flexibility. Related issues with logistics implications are the decisions whether or not to use multiple channels and if intermediaries should totally bypass dealers, or rather collaborate by letting them manage the marketing relations and bypass them logistically. The concept of “logistics platforms” is discussed, based on empirical findings. Empirically the base is a case study of an intermediary with extensive use of business-to-business electronic commerce in a supply chain with independent dealers. The paper compares theoretical aspects with findings from the case and gives some indications of the potential of electronic commerce and logistics platforms.

    Keywords
    Supply chain management, Marketing channels, Logistics platform, Electronic commerce, Flexibility
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46748 (URN)10.1016/S0377-2217(02)00393-4 (DOI)000178990600005 ()
    Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13
    3. Business development with electronic commerce: refinement and repositioning
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business development with electronic commerce: refinement and repositioning
    2004 (English)In: Business Process Management Journal, ISSN 1463-7154, E-ISSN 1758-4116, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 44-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce enables business development for marketing channel intermediaries and strengthens their existing operations and strategic management. This research shows that electronic commerce provides stepwise business development refinement and repositioning in the form of process change and increased customer service. Based on marketing and logistics literature, a business development model with three developmental phases is proposed in this paper. The findings are based on the electronic commerce development of three intermediaries providing industrial products and services in the northern European market. Refinement is achieved through a focus on activities for internal efficiency, and through changing processes for increased integration, shorter time and lower costs. Repositioning involves extended focus on service improvements, image and customer tailored services. It is found that electronic commerce has not radically reshaped and developed the role of marketing channel intermediaries. Instead, it has strengthened existing business. Future electronic commerce efforts need to be viewed in a business wide development context, including structural change and reaching new segments or markets, to utilise fully the development potential of electronic commerce.

    Keywords
    Electronic commerce, Marketing, Logistics, Business Development, Channel Flow, Scandinavia
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22198 (URN)10.1108/14637150410518329 (DOI)1353 (Local ID)1353 (Archive number)1353 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-13
  • 14.
    Aldin, Niklas
    et al.
    Intentia Switzerland AG, Zug, Switzerland.
    Brehmer, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Johansson, Anders
    Saab Aircraft, Linköping, Sweden.
    Business development with electronic commerce: refinement and repositioning2004In: Business Process Management Journal, ISSN 1463-7154, E-ISSN 1758-4116, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 44-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce enables business development for marketing channel intermediaries and strengthens their existing operations and strategic management. This research shows that electronic commerce provides stepwise business development refinement and repositioning in the form of process change and increased customer service. Based on marketing and logistics literature, a business development model with three developmental phases is proposed in this paper. The findings are based on the electronic commerce development of three intermediaries providing industrial products and services in the northern European market. Refinement is achieved through a focus on activities for internal efficiency, and through changing processes for increased integration, shorter time and lower costs. Repositioning involves extended focus on service improvements, image and customer tailored services. It is found that electronic commerce has not radically reshaped and developed the role of marketing channel intermediaries. Instead, it has strengthened existing business. Future electronic commerce efforts need to be viewed in a business wide development context, including structural change and reaching new segments or markets, to utilise fully the development potential of electronic commerce.

  • 15.
    Aldin, Niklas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Electronic commerce, marketing channels and logistics platforms - a wholesaler perspective2003In: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 144, no 2, p. 270-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic commerce may impose new demands which the supply chain has to react to, while at the same time being an enabler of effective marketing and logistics. This paper describes alternative strategies for wholesalers conducting electronic commerce and how logistics may support the development of marketing channels and improve flexibility. Related issues with logistics implications are the decisions whether or not to use multiple channels and if intermediaries should totally bypass dealers, or rather collaborate by letting them manage the marketing relations and bypass them logistically. The concept of “logistics platforms” is discussed, based on empirical findings. Empirically the base is a case study of an intermediary with extensive use of business-to-business electronic commerce in a supply chain with independent dealers. The paper compares theoretical aspects with findings from the case and gives some indications of the potential of electronic commerce and logistics platforms.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Dan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Brege, Staffan
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics.
    Nordigården, Daniel
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics.
    Outsourcing of wood-based component manufacturing: Driving forces found in Scandianvian Companies2007In: Journal of Forest Products Business Research, Vol. 4, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 17.
    Andersson, Dan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics.
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    Supply Co-ordination: A study of the Swedish food market2008In: IPSERA,2008, Perth: CIPS , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Andersson, Dan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Norrman, A.
    Department of Industrial Management and Logistics, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Procurement of logistics services a minutes work or a multi-year project?2002In: European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, ISSN 0969-7012, E-ISSN 1873-6858, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to describe and compare the purchasing process for advanced versus basic logistics services. Further some specific observations are presented from the procurement of advanced third-party logistics services, with respect to service definitions, providers evaluations and contracts. The purchasing process of logistics services will in the future need to be more differentiated due to current business trends. Hence companies must analyse how these new procurement situations will impact on their purchasing processes in order to understand what new resources, routines and competence they need to have in order to purchase logistics services in an effective way. © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

  • 19.
    Andersson, Dan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pruth, Magnus
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Coordinate to enhance third party logistics relationships2007In: The International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, ISSN 1477-5360, E-ISSN 1741-8097, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 69-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article emphasise the importance of coordination in Third Party Logistics (TPL) and describes how coordination can be managed. This is inspired by Key Account Management (KAM) literature and supported by empirical evidence. Buyers of TPL services currently perceive KAM as focusing on making sales and on negotiating contracts. This article proposes that KAM may have a material impact on TPL relationships and that this function can be developed further, primarily by having a coordination role. The article contains a coordination model based on both internal and external coordination of activities within a dyad, divided into operational, functional, geographic, and development coordination. The model explains how these types of coordination can integrate functions and contents in different alliance phases to build successful TPL relationships. Copyright © 2007 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Dan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Rangaraju, Naveen Kumar
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics .
    Import Sourcing Decision Making: Swedish Sourcing from Asian Low Cost Countries2007In: IPSERA Conferenc,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 21.
    Ardic, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tingström, My
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Förändring i färdigvarulager och utlastningen av foder efter införande av en ny produktmix: En fallstudie på Lantmännen Agroetanol2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Master thesis was written for Lantmännen Agroetanol in Norrköping concerning the layout of their finished goods inventory and unloading of feed after introducing a new product mix. Lantmännen Agroetanol has two production lines which produces feed. Both lines lead to six silos, used as inventory of finished goods. The feed from the two production lines differ in terms of quality, where as Lantmännen Agroetanol wants to separate their finished inventory in order to charge a higher price, by selling the better product as a premium. With two different feed products the yearly revenue is expected to increase which motivates a research about the current capabilities and necessary changes to be made in the factory. This study aims to address part of this research by focusing on the breakdown of the finished inventory and the capabilities of the unloading function to this new product mix from a logistical perspective.

    In the study the inventory of finished goods were analyzed according to three different scenarios. Furthermore the unloading function was investigated with regards to two alternatives. Between the two production lines, Agro12 is the one that produces lowest quality and Agro10 the higher. The premium product is a result from the Agro10 production line, which today counts for a third of the Agro12 production volume. Even though great variation in market demands has been discovered for this product over the years, the demand for the premium product is expected to be higher due to its broad scope of use.

    The inventory of finished goods was analyzed using a simulation model programmed in Microsoft Excel. It was created based on information collected from interviews at the company as well as from their production system. Data of inventory levels, in- and outflow on a daily basis were collected over the year of 2012 in order to simulate the inventory capacity of the different inventory scenarios. The unloading function was analyzed by performing manual calculations, also with help from the employees and collected information from the production system. Data regarding in- and outflow and adjustment times were collected in order to calculate employee overtime as a result of the unloading function, which is controlled by employees.

    To be able to compare the three inventory scenarios and the two unloading alternatives with each other a total cost model was used along with a service flexibility view as a complement. In the cost model, the Investment costs were calculated for possible rebuilding’s that has to be made. The variable costs related to the inventory were calculated based on handling costs of the excess of feed from the simulations. The corresponding variable costs for the unloading function were calculated based on overtime hours for the employees. Qualitatively, the flexibility for the customer was analyzed with regards to changes in the unloading function.

    The results according to this study show that Lantmännen Agroetanol should implement inventory scenario 3 which means that the feed from Agro10 will be stored in two silos and the feed from Agro12 in three silos. The remaining silo will be used as a stand-by ready to store the product that needs extra capacity the most. Scenario 1 means that the production lines gets three silos each, which turned up to be an in appropriate solution according to the simulations because Agro10 only required a third silo in 16 out of 366 days. Scenario 2 is more appropriate because Agro12 has a bigger need for a fourth silo.Scenario 2 and 3 has the same need of rebuilding whereas the stand-by silo can be reached from both production lines. Scenario 3 is recommended because it entails the possibility to regulate the stand-by silo which makes it less sensitive for disturbances compared to scenario 2.

    The study also recommends Lantmännen Agroetanol to build a new unloading silo instead of just using the current one so that the two feed products could be unloaded simultaneously. It is a big investment cost to build a new unloading silo but the results from this study show that it is more profitable than just having one in the long turn. With one unloading silo the employees have to work with adjustment times every time two subsequent customers want different feed products. It means that the employees have to adjust the unloading silo to the other product. There is already overtime among the unloading staff which means that one of the most strained functions in the company will be even more pressured with only one silo to unload two products. In addition, the boat transportations with high capacity that appear on a weekly basis affect the flexibility towards the customers. Thus, giving yet another reason for two silos rather than one, when introducing the new product mix.

  • 22.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Logistiskt angreppsätt ger effektivare vårdenheter2013In: Aktuella byggen, ISSN 1401-4149, no 1, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Spens, Karen
    Hanken school of Economics.
    Developing lean and agile health care supply chains2011In: Supply chain management, ISSN 1359-8546, E-ISSN 1758-6852, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 176-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The objective of this exploratory paper is to find out what is important to consider when developing a supply chain in health care, what is required in order to establish a supply chain orientation and how lean and agile can be used as process strategies in order to improve supply chain performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to build an empirical framework for using both lean and agile strategies in health care supply chain management illustrative examples are provided from a Swedish health care setting describing the patient flow and planning processes.

    Findings – Supply chain management has potential to work well as a philosophy for patient flow in the health care sector. However, it should not only be about the use of the concept of lean in health care, as in fact is the case in practice today. It is rather about organizing for quick response and flexibility in a hybrid strategy through combining lean and agile process strategies. This can only be done if a systems approach is applied together with a strategic orientation, where cooperative efforts by the supply chain members should synchronize and converge operational as well as strategic capabilities into a unified whole.

    Practical implications – The analysis in the paper underlines the importance of focusing on both agility and leanness combined. Hospitals or health care systems that introduce such an approach, as opposed to only relying on lean strategies, could gain both competitive advantages and improved performance.

    Originality/value – In health care, even more so than in the manufacturing industry, containment of costs without sacrificing quality is important. This paper applies SCM techniques, tools and concepts that have not been used previously for patient flow in a health care setting, combining lean and agile in one and the same analysis.

     

  • 24.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Eklind, Staffan
    REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ÖSTERGÖTLAND, SWEDEN Development Measure Impact Analysis (DEMIA) on regional development related to logistics and ICT2007Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Eklind, Staffan
    Rangaraju, Naveen Kumar
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    EXPERT INTERVIEWS IN ÖSTERGÖTLAND, SWEDEN - Results and analysis of the intersectoral expert interviews in the field of logistics and ICT2007Report (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Kohn, Christofer
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    Logistics Structures - drivers of environmental impact2008In: Northern Lights in Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Köpenhamn: Copenhagen Business School Press , 2008, 1, p. 183-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Northern Lights in Logistics & Supply Chain Management" portrays the past, present and future research of the subject in the Nordic countries. The NOFOMA conference - a network of Nordic researchers within the field of Logistics and Supply Chain Management - has been a focal point in the contribution to the continuous improvement and further development of Nordic research. The network has also opened up for interaction with fellow researchers from other countries. There are sixteen chapters in the book that in its own way colours the Nordic rainbow of research within Logistics and Supply Chain Management. The chapters are structured in four themes: 1) Origins and strategic aspects; 2) Research approaches in the Nordic countries; 3) Advancement of distribution strategies and; 4) Emerging application areas of logistics and SCM. The chapters provide an understanding and, perhaps more importantly, consciousness for scholars that are part of this research environment: Where are we now, what have we been influenced by, and in what area are we able to provide positive impact? The aim of the book is also to contribute to increased visibility to fellow international scholars within Logistics and Supply Chain Management.

  • 27.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hvitfeldt Forsberg, Helena
    Karolinskan Institutet, Stockholm.
    Lindblad, Staffan
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Keller, Christina
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Managing health care decisions and improvement through simulation modeling2011In: Quality Management in Health Care, ISSN 1063-8628, E-ISSN 1550-5154, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 15-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation modeling is a way to test changes in a computerized environment to give ideas for improvements before implementation. This article reviews research literature on simulation modeling as support for health care decision making. The aim is to investigate the experience and potential value of such decision support and quality of articles retrieved. A literature search was conducted, and the selection criteria yielded 59 articles derived from diverse applications and methods. Most met the stated research-quality criteria. This review identified how simulation can facilitate decision making and that it may induce learning. Furthermore, simulation offers immediate feedback about proposed changes, allows analysis of scenarios, and promotes communication on building a shared system view and understanding of how a complex system works. However, only 14 of the 59 articles reported on implementation experiences, including how decision making was supported. On the basis of these articles, we proposed steps essential for the success of simulation projects, not just in the computer, but also in clinical reality. We also presented a novel concept combining simulation modeling with the established plan-do-study-act cycle for improvement. Future scientific inquiries concerning implementation, impact, and the value for health care management are needed to realize the full potential of simulation modeling.

  • 28.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Rangaraju, Naveen Kumar
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    LOGISTICS SURVEY IN ÖSTERGÖTLAND, SWEDEN2007Report (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Axin, Kajsa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Jonzon, Camilla
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Resource planning for internal logistics: A tool designed for the material handling department at Scania Axles and Gearboxes2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is performed at Scania Axles and Gearboxes, a production plant located in Södertälje. Within the plant axles, gearboxes as well as central gears are assembled from components to finished products. All production is conducted on production lines, with a pre-determined rate, which is supplied with components by the material handling department. Since the production quantity and the mix of product variants produced on the production line is customer order-based, the number and type of components needed for production as well as appropriate staffing within the material handling department is difficult to predict. Scania is currently using a number of different resource planning tools for each material handling-department within Axles and Gearboxes to visualize the workload within the departments. These systems however have different structure and are all  not sufficiently  updated, which means that they cannot fulfill their intended purpose. The aim for this thesis is to develop a common tool for the whole department of Axles and Gearboxes which can visualize the amount workload that prevails. This tool should also be able to account for varying production conditions.

    The resource planning tool which has been developed within this project is built upon the basis of a structure for occupancy calculation on a position, which includes the premise that a working position contains a number of operations to be performed a certain number of times during a given a number of working hours. The amount workload within a working position is calculated as the ratio how long an operation takes to perform, the number of times the task needs to be performed and during what amount of time it has to be done. The structure of the tool takes into account the following conditions; production quantity, production rate, volume of incoming and outgoing goods and the mix of product variants assembled on the production line.

    Based on the structure of the occupancy calculation for the material handling department, an additional study has been made to evaluate how the above listed conditions of production affects the occupancy, and to what degree. This study has been conducted using both qualitative and quantitative information obtained from both interviews and historical data extracts. After this data collection, the resource planning tool has been built in Microsoft Excel.

    The developed resource planning tool enables a visualization of the total amount of workload within a working position in the form of a percentage which shows the proportion of working time used during a shift. That percentage presented in the tool varies thereafter when changing any of the above mentioned production conditions. By the end of the thesis, a number of working positions from the department of Axles and Gearboxes has been imported to the resource planning tool to be able to make appropriate testing and sensitivity analysis of the result. The task that Scania has yet to perform before they can use the tool for the whole department is to continue with the work of importing remaining working positions.

    The developed resource planning system and the result of this master thesis is a dynamic tool which Scania can use to predict the need of resources in the material handling department for future changes in production conditions, such as time reductions, increased demand for products or changes in work routines.

  • 30.
    Bergvall, Erik
    et al.
    LiTH.
    Spångö, Johan
    LiTH.
    Andersson, Dan
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Stahre, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Logistics.
    Brehmer, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    En översikt av företag inom kategorin kött och chark och deras situation på den svenska marknaden2007Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Berzelius, Rickard
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Borggren, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
    Framtidens distributionslogistik: - Effekter av en ökad centralisering hos ABB i Västerås2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Executive Summary

    This final thesis has examined the effects of an increased centralization and better coord­in­ation of the distribution logistics at ABB in Västerås. The company is today strongly decent­ralized and there is a minimum of collaboration between the 20 business units. This is why the questions were raised; how could the business units coordinate outbound logistic activities and what effects would that provide. The obj­ect­ive of this final thesis is to provide basic data for a future decision-making which desc­r­ibe these effects.

    The report has mapped out the factors that are important to ABB in an evaluation of their logistic activities and how the outbound logistics work today. The four factors are cost efficiency, delivery service, environmental impact and logistics capability. It was noticed that the degree of collaboration was very low and the business units send their goods in three main directions: Gothenburg, Arlanda and Europe (except for deliveries within the Nordic countries). Today it is only the goods towards Arlanda which are joint­ly transported. In the other directions there are only a few business units who collaborate.

    Beside the primal task to negotiate general transport­ation agreements, the central logistic function (GFSM) at ABB has only a supporting roll in the work concerning logistics. The reason is not just that the business units have the real mandate over the logistics but also that the logistic focus in general is low. Furthermore is it hard for the freight managers (FM) at each business unit to change and improve the logistics, because they have other tasks to manage but also since their logistics skills in many cases are poor. The demands on the freight man­agers are also not expressed clearly enough and therefore they don’t know what is expected of them in their rolls as freight managers.

    Three development directions were identified and expressed as scenarios, see table 1. Scenario 1 represents an increased focus on the logistics and more distinct rolls for the GFSM and the FMs. Scenario 2 addresses an increased coordination of the physical flow of goods (exemplified as a consolidation of all truck transportations toward Gothenburg) where the freight managers are in charge of this coordination. Scen­ario 3 is a combi­nation of the first and second scenario and represents a centralization of the outbound logistics (exemplified as train with containers to Gothenburg).

    The conclusion was that:

    -   Scenario 1 entails an increased transparency, communication and central management with positive effects on costs, delivery service and on the environment in the long run. The scenario becomes a prerequisite for the execution of the two others. Therefore is it the first step for ABB if they wish to increase their coordination of physical goods or centralize their logistics operations.

    -   Scenario 2 envolves cost savings by a good 50 % because the collecting of the goods takes place at each business unit (unchanged amount of handling). These changes are something to attain since it, in addition to the cost savings, can imply an improved delivery service and doesn’t increase the emissions of CO2 compared with today!

    -   Scenario 3 results in a cost impairment since the cost reductions are too small for the distance Västerås-Gothenburg and are eliminated by the increased costs for handling of goods, warehousing and internal transportation. Nevertheless is train transportation within Sw­eden preferable out of an environmental perspective. All aspects considered, this scen­ario must consolidate more flows of goods and secure already existing knowledge before it becomes interesting to realize.

  • 32.
    Bildsten, Louise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bjornfot, A.
    Björnfot, A., Department of Civil, Mining, and Environmental Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Value-driven vs. market-driven purchasing of kitchen cabinets in Challenging Lean Construction Thinking: What Do We Think and What Do We Know?2010In: Challenging Lean Construction Thinking: What Do We Think and What Do We Know? - 18th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC 18, 2010, p. 202-211Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In economic and management literature, the relationship between supplier and buyer can be more or less intimate. It can vary from market-driven with a constant change of suppliers to a value-driven relationship with one sole supplier. Purchasing strategies of construction companies have often been described as short-sighted, where price is the most considered aspect. Recent lean management literature promote value-driven purchasing, since it provides benefits such as just-in-time delivery, zero defects and customized products through close technical collaboration. This article hypothesises that value-driven purchasing of customized kitchen cabinets is more profitable than market-driven purchasing in industrialized housing construction. The hypothesis is examined through a case study of kitchen carpentry at one of Swedens largest producers of industrialized prefabricated multi-storey housing. By comparing characteristics of market-driven vs. value-driven purchasing, this article aims to further clarify the benefits and drawbacks of these two strategies. At the case company, kitchens are ordered cabinet-by-cabinet and then installed inside the factory. The company is considering the possibility of a long-term relationship with a smaller local supplier that can deliver a new kind of innovative kitchen cabinet solution that is prefabricated. If the local supplier can meet the expectations of just-in-time delivery, zero defects and a product tailor-made for the housing company, there is much to gain.

  • 33.
    Bildsten, Louise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Björnfot, Anders
    Institutionen för Samhällsbyggnad.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Value-driven vs Market-driven Purchasing of Kitchen Cabinets2010In: Conference Proceeding 18th annual conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In economic and management literature, the relationship between supplier and buyer can be more or less intimate. It can vary from market-driven with a constant change of suppliers to a value-driven relationship with one sole supplier. Purchasing strategies of construction companies have often been described as short-sighted, where price is the most considered aspect. Recent lean management literature promote value-driven purchasing, since it provides benefits such as just-in-time delivery, zero defects and customized products through close technical collaboration. This article hypothesises that value-driven purchasing of customized kitchen cabinets is more profitable than market-driven purchasing in industrialized housing construction. The hypothesis is examined through a case study of kitchen carpentry at one of Sweden’s largest producers of industrialized prefabricated multi-storey housing. By comparing characteristics of market-driven vs. value-driven purchasing, this article aims to further clarify the benefits and drawbacks of these two strategies. At the case company, kitchens are ordered cabinet-by-cabinet and then installed inside the factory. The company is considering the possibility of a long-term relationship with a smaller local supplier that can deliver a new kind of innovative kitchen cabinet solution that is prefabricated. If the local supplier can meet the expectations of just-in-time delivery, zero defects and a product “tailor-made” for the housing company, there is much to gain.

  • 34.
    Bildsten, Louise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Björnfot, Andreas
    Institutionen för Samhällsbyggnad och Naturresurser, Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Luleå.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Value-driven Purchasing of Kitchen Cabinets in Industrialized Housing2011In: Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, ISSN 1366-4387, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 73-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This article hypothesises that value-driven purchasing of customized kitchen cabinets is more profitable than market-driven purchasing in industrialized housing construction. The hypothesis is examined through a case study of kitchen carpentry at one of Sweden’s largest producers of industrialized prefabricated multi-storey housing. By comparing characteristics of market-driven vs. value-driven purchasing, this article aims to further clarify the benefits and drawbacks of these two strategies.

    Design/methodology/approach - A theoretical framework is proposed by comparing characteristics of market-driven vs. value-driven purchasing that clarifies the benefits and drawbacks of these two strategies. An explorative case study of kitchen carpentry at a house manufacturer illustrates purchasing of kitchen cabinets in the industrialized housing industry in relation to the proposed framework.

    Findings – According to the case study, from a value perspective, a long-term relationship with a dedicated local, smaller supplier is a preferable choice over a short-term bulk supplier, even if the short-term supplier has (much) lower prices.

    Research limitations/implications – This is a single-case study that should be verified by further empirical work of a test-delivery from the local sub-system manufacturer. Such a study would provide more insights into this area of work and make it possible to thoroughly evaluate potential risks. The indicative results in this paper can be made conclusive through quantification of the proposed Lean purchasing characteristics.

    Originality/value – A comparison of value-driven and market-driven purchasing is carried out in theory and applied to a real case study that brings new perspectives to purchasing. In this way, the article proposes alternative purchasing strategies to the construction industry.

  • 35.
    Biswanger, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Carlsson, Julia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hur skall den totala vårdkostnaden för en hjärtprodukt beräknas?: En fallstudie av tre hjärtprodukter vid Hjärt- och Medicincentrum på Universitetssjukhuset i Linköping2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis, in the field of healthcare logistics, has been carried out at Hjärt- och Medicincentrum (HMC) at the University Hospital in Linköping during the fall and spring of 2012/2013. The thesis is done by two students at Linköping University at master’s level within the framework of Industrial Engineering and Management.

    As Sweden's county councils should not make a profit or loss, it is important that the councils are aware of how much care processes cost. Kardiologiska kliniken at HMC in Östergötland’s county council is one of the clinics that are profitable. One reason for this is believed to be that the care processes related to patients outside the county, are billed at a higher rate than the actual cost. The aim of this project is to create a spreadsheet template for how the total cost of care shall be calculated for cardiovascular sicknesses, and to calculate the total cost of care for three types of cardiovascular sicknesses.

    First a rough flow chart of the three cardiovascular sicknesses PTMV, Mitraclips and TAVI, were done in a pilot study. This was done so that the authors better would understand the sicknesses, and to create a first, rough overview of what could be included in the spreadsheet template. This, together with literature about flow charts and Activity Based Costing, decided how detailed the data collection phase would be. Through further interviews and observations a more detailed flow chart of activities could be created for each of the three sicknesses before a merged flow chart was constructed. Interviews were conducted with all categories of personnel involved, to create an accurate map as possible.

    By using the income statements for Seldingerenheten and Kardiologiska kliniken, and the economy cube and KPP cube of the county council, costs have been identified to either be allocated directly to the sicknesses, spreadsheet objects, or indirectly through the identified activities.

    The Activity Based Costing generated an expense of 110 376 SEK for PTMV, 356 669 SEK for Mitraclips and 432 159 SEK for TAVI. When comparing these costs with the previous calculated sickness type costs in the KPP cube, it showed that the developed spreadsheet template expects high with 7 000 to 13 000 SEK for the sickness types. This means less than 7% of the current cost. The estimated total cost is considered to be reliable enough to use for a rough calculation of the cost for the three types of sicknesses.

    Based on the Activity Based Costing a spreadsheet template was created involving how the total cost of care can be calculated. The template includes six overall steps to, in a general way, calculate the cost of care for a sickness type. The first step involves making a flow chart of the type to identify activities. The next step involves that costs must be identified in existing accounting systems, so these, in the third step, can be divided into the six cost items "Staff", "Local", "External Examinations", "Material & Medicine", "Computing & IT" or "Other", depending on where they best fit. In step four, the costs identified as directly linked to the sickness shall be distributed by using KPP or other bases. Then, the remaining costs will be distributed to the identified activities in step five, and in the last step, these costs of the activities will be allocate to the sickness type.

    The developed spreadsheet template can, according to the authors, be generalized to be useful in other areas in order to easily calculate the total cost of care for a sickness type in the Swedish health care. Its weakness, however, is how many clinics’ costs that are analysed. In this study only the costs of Kardiologiska kliniken finance system was analysed. A more accurate cost would be calculated if costs of other clinics also were examined, instead of being picked directly from the KPP cube. Despite this, the authors consider that the template is useful for a rough estimation of the total costs for different types of sicknesses.

  • 36.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Att hitta stilen, Doktorandhandledning i teori och praktik2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Benchmarking tool for improved corporate social responsibility in purchasing2010In: Benchmarking: An International Journal, ISSN 1463-5771, E-ISSN 1758-4094, ISSN ISSN 1463-5771, EISSN 1758-4094, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 340-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a benchmark tool that can be applied to improve corporate social responsibility (CSR) in purchasing. The tool has been tested on two companies that illustrate how the benchmarking tool can be applied.

    Design/methodology/approach – A literature review provides arguments for the importance of a benchmarking tool in the area of social responsible purchasing. The literature review also provides information about the practices and activities that can be applied as well as a structure for these. Empirical data are based on the sustainability reports of two companies.

    Findings – A benchmarking tool for social responsible purchasing is developed. The tool facilitates companies in their structuring, categorising and presenting of relevant data in order to benchmark their social responsibility in purchasing. The testing of the tool provided concrete examples of activities that can be used to address different aspects of CSR in purchasing.

    Practical implications – The largest contribution is the development of a benchmarking tool that can be of great help for companies and organisations in their striving towards increased social responsibility in purchasing. The tool provides guidance to companies who want to understand the areas in which their strengths and weaknesses lie. The paper can also inspire and motivate companies to discover and try new ideas and ways to address CSR matters in purchasing.

    Originality/value – The paper develops a benchmarking tool that can be applied in the area of corporate social responsible purchasing.

     

  • 38.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management.
    Den logiska logistikern2008In: TEMPO-om fart och det föränderliga, Sweden: Makadam förlag , 2008, p. 105-115Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Effektiv och miljöanpassad distribution2000Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Environmental considerations when selecting transport solutions2003In: NoFoMa,2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Environmentally responsible distribution2001In: ELA Doctorate workshop,2001, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hållbara logistiksystem2012 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor logistisk miljöutmaning har sin kärna i transporterna. Det är dock hela logistiksystemets utformning som avgör hur transportbehovet ser ut. Genom utformandet av logistiksystem och de krav som ställs på exempelvis underleverantörer kan vi påverka förhållanden långt utanför den egna organisationen.I Hållbara logistiksystem ges en övergripande bild av de  komplexa samband som finns mellan logistik och hållbarhet. Boken  behandlar miljö, samhälle och ekonomi med fokus på den miljö mässiga dimensionen. Ett viktigt ledord är situationsanpassning. Det gäller att förstå den unika situation, kontexten, som en  organisation befinner sig i och hur logistiksystemet ser ut för att kunna identifiera bra lösningar.Boken riktar sig mot kurser inom hållbar logistik vid högskolor, universitet eller annan eftergymnasial utbildning. Den kan även användas som ett komplement i logistikutbildningar för att ge hållbarhetsaspekten ett ökat fokus.

  • 43.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Influence from the business environment on environmental purchasing - Drivers and hinders of purchasing green transportation services2011In: Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, ISSN 1478-4092, E-ISSN 1873-6505, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 11-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Awareness of the business environment in which a company operates is important for its success in purchasing. Consideration to the natural environment is increasingly important for long-term success of purchasing. A mail survey is used to investigate the character of different factors that can influence the environmental purchasing of transportation services. Factor analysis suggests that the factors can, to a large extent, be grouped according to actors involved. The largest factors regard the internal management, image, resources of the firm, customer demands, carriers and governmental means of control. Most factors work as drivers. Some differences have been identified when comparing the surrounding environment of the environmental purchasing of transportation services and the surrounding environment commonly described in the more general purchasing and environmental management literature. The uniqueness of this study can be found in the large number of contingency factors considered, the focus on purchase of transportation services, as well as in the Swedish context in which the study has been conducted.

  • 44.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Linking strategic logistics change to labor rights2010In: Social responsibility journal, ISSN 1747-1117, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 580-592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Purpose – This paper aims to describe how research literature and logistics practitioners respectively describe the link between logistics and corporate social responsibility, focusing on the link between strategic logistics change (location, capacity and number of facilities as well as the design of supplier and customer network) and labor rights.

    Design/methodology/approach – A literature review on the topics corporate social responsibility, green logistics and sustainable supply chain management was performed. A mail survey (103 respondents) was conducted in order to explore how strategic logistics changes have influenced corporate social responsibility. Step-wise regression analyses were used to identify relationships between strategic logistics decision making and the influence on labor rights.

    Findings – There is a general unanimity in literature that logistics is an important area with regards to corporate social responsibility. Eight significant relations were identified linking strategic logistics changes to changes in the consideration of labor rights.

    Practical implications – The study provides an understanding of how corporate social responsibility, focusing on labor rights, is influenced by strategic logistics changes. This can increase the understanding and the need for taking labor rights aspects into consideration in strategic logistics decision making as well as identification of what aspects of labor rights that are most important to consider in different types of logistics changes.

    Originality/value – This study shows the importance of considering social responsible aspects regarding labor rights in strategic logistics decision making. Furthermore, as the empirical data are based on a Swedish sample it is an important complement to current, often American, studies within the field.

     

  • 45.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Mot hållbara försörjningskedjor: CSR i SCM2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport utgör i sig själv en sammanfattning av forskningsprojektet ”Vägledning till hållbara försörjningskedjor” som genomfördes mellan åren 2006 och 2009. Fokus i rapporten kommer att ligga på projektets olika resultat.

    Projektet har som övergripande syfte att studera CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) inom logistikområdet. CSR definieras i detta project som “a concept whereby companies decide voluntarily to contribute to a better society and a cleaner environment” (Commission of European Communities, CEC2001:2).

    Projektet har resulterat i journalartiklar, konferenspapper och examensarbeten. Flertalet olika aspekter av hållbar logistik har behandlats i olika delstudier och i artiklar och rapporter skildras allt från ex. kartläggningar av nuläget, statistiskt signifikanta samband mellan olika hållbarhetsdimensioner och logistik, till normativa verktyg för ett hållbart logistikarbete. Denna rapport belyser översiktligt olika del- och slutresultat från detta projekt.

  • 46.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Operational insufficiencies in creating an environmentally responsible distribution system2001In: NoFoMa,2001, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 47.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Strategic Insufficiencies in creating an environmentally responsible distribution system2001In: NoFoMa,2001, Reykjavik: NoFoMa , 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    THE ENVIRONMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PURCHASING, DRIVERS, FACILITATORS, AND BARRIERS OF PURCHASING GREEN TRANSPORT SERVICES2008In: NoFoMa,2008, Helsingfors: NoFoMa , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The influence of collaboration on greening logistics service2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics .
    Transport och miljö2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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