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  • 1.
    Achen, Thomas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den bioetiske udfordring: Et retspolitisk studie om forholdet mellem etik, politik og ret i det lovforberedende arbejde vedrørende bio- og genteknologi i Danmark, Norge og Sverige1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Biotechnology and genetic engineering raise a number of new ethical problems. Consequently, over the past 15 years, several European countries, including the Nordic countries, have passed new laws in an attempt to deal with the ethical problems posed by biotechnology. These developments raise the question of how to formulate legislation to regulate both the technical and ethical aspects of biotechnology and genetic engineering. Is it indeed possible to formulate a valid ethical framework in a thoroughly secularised society? How has this been coped with politically? And what is the nature of the relationship between ethics, politics and the law, that emerges from this process? The regulation of biotechnology is very often carried out by legal means in modern society. The thesis shows that the distinction between ethics, politics and the law - inherent in the Scandinavian tradition of legal realism - is not sustained in the law preparatory Process in the fields of biotechnology and genetic engineering in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The analysis reveals that the tendency for ethics, politics and the law to merge is expressed in the new normative reflexivity which characterizes legislation in this area. The thesis defines this process in terms of four elements: a proceduralisation of ethics, a democratisation of ethics; negotiated development of norms, and a moralisation of politics and the law. These new tendencies suggest a need for a new analytical framework. The thesis argues that reflexive law theory and discourse ethics theory can provide a more adequate understanding of the new normative reflexivity inherent in the legislation examined. In a society characterised by moral, social, cultural and political pluralism it is of profound importance to contemplate how legal and political norms are developed. Furthermore, it is highly pertinent to consider how we can conceive these processes in theoretical terms.

  • 2.
    Achen, Thomas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nedslag i svensk biopolitik: Gentekniknævnet 1994-20032005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    Hvad er beipolitk? Hvordan kan den svenske biopolitik beskrives? Hvilken rolle har Gentekniknænet i den svenske biopolitik? Og hvad er egentlig Gentekniknænet for et nævn? Hvorfor oprettede man det? Og hvordan arbejder Gentekniknænet? Det er nogle af de spøsmål som diskuteres i denne bog.

  • 3.
    Alm, Håkan
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    External relations in the product development process: a study of biotechnology firms in Sweden2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how and why firms use external relations and collaboration in the innovation process. These issues are discussed at both industry and firm levels. Both transaction cost economics and evolutionary/competence-based theories of the firm have been used and combined in order to understand and explain how and why external relations and collaboration are related to product development processes. These issues are rooted in the broader question concerning what determines the boundaries of firms. The empirical case material focuses on biotechnology-related human health care in Sweden.

    The empirical part of this study starts with a mapping of Swedish-based biotechnology firms involved in R&D. A database (BioSweden) was built in order to identify these firms' patterns of external relations. These patterns and fmdings are then related to a theoretical discussion about whether different types of firms develop different paths and patterns of external relations depending on differences in characteristics in technology and markets.

    These issues have also been investigated at the firm level, using a multiple-case study of 15 biotechnology firms. In this part the firms' origin and development over time are studied in order to shed more light onto how and why product development processes are related to in-house R&D and different types of external relations.

    The findings indicate that choices about governance modes related to product development are influenced by internal capabilities, resources, and competencies as well as technological and markets characteristics. It has also been shown that such choices are strongly influenced by firms' capabilities to interact with other organizations.

  • 4.
    Alm, Maria
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nationell kraft och lokal motkraft: En diskursanalys av konflikten kring SwePol Link2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Facility siting conflicts are increasing in our society. This is a study of a HVDC-link between Blekinge, Sweden and Slupsk, Poland called The SwePol Link. This link has transferred electricity between the two electricity systems since the year 2000 and the decision making process can be described as a struggle between conflicting interests. The aim of this study is to investigate where in the decision making process conflicting interests become visible, and how the actors involved have acted and argued in order to try to influence the process to benefit their respective causes. This aim is further developed through a discourse analysis of the variety of arguments, ideas and conceptions that in different situations of the process construct patterns and statements. The purpose of the discourse analysis is to identify and categorize patterns and statements that are expressed in three chosen practices; the concession practice, the court practice and the practice concerning the debate articles and editorials published in Blekinge Läns Tidning during the period 1996-2000. This practice is referred to as the mass media practice in the study. It is clear that the conflict deepens and that the system-builders and critical actors (including Blekinge Läns Tidning) started to distrust each other and their respective ways of acting during the process. Both supporters and critics used scientific and juridical enrolments in order to try to strengthen their positions in the conflict. Both scientifically and juridically formulated arguments were central patterns in the discourse. This was also the case with technically formulated arguments. These patterns of arguments were mainly expressed through academics, or experts, for or against the system and might thereby be looked upon as rather exclusive ways of arguing in the practices. One exception from this was, for example, when fishers argued against different scientific results on the basis of their experiences. This was, however, not a very successful way of criticizing scientific results. The study shows that there, for example, were conflicts around the meaning of a sustainable energy system, where a central system-builder pattern meets a peripheral systemcritical pattern and both sides held themselves as arguing for a sustainable energy system. Another result of the study is that the discourse varied depending on which practice it was expressed in. It became clear that holistic perspectives regarding a sustainable energy system or the landscape as such became peripheral in all of the “formal” practices, where the decisions regarding the system took place. These types of holistic patterns were mainly articulated in other practices like the mass media.

  • 5.
    Alm, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Att våga försöka är en bra början!2007In: Att forska på tvären- Erfarenheter från 10 år av tvärvetenskap inom forskarskolan Program Energisystem / [ed] Jenny Palm, Magnus Karlsson, Linköping: Program Energisystem , 2007, 25-28 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Alm, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Beroende, tillit och entreprenörer i nätverksbygganden - regionala krishanteringsråd i Kalmar och Östergötlands län2007In: XVI Nordiska kommunforskarkonferensen,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 7.
    Alm, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ramsell, Elina
    Länsstyrelsen i Östergötland, Sweden.
    Johansson, Joakim
    Mälardalens Högskola, Sweden.
    Länsstyrelsens samordningsansvar i krisberedskapssystemet - hur och med vem sker samverkan: En fallstudie av Länsstyrelsen i Östergötlands regionala krishanteringsråd och Riskbild Östergötland2007Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Alvesson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Konsensus, kontroll, kritik: Paradigm i forskning om förhållandet mellan teknologi, organisation och arbete1983Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Alzén, Annika
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fabriken som kulturarv: Frågan om industrilandskapets bevarande i Norrköping 1950-19851996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This PhD dissertstion deals with the interest on preserving the heritage from the industrial society which arouse in Sweden during the 1970s.

    The remains from the industrial scoiety initially had difficulties in asserting themselves as objects of value, due to a number of inhibiting factors which excluded industry as a cultural heritage. In the 1970s, however, several factors can be distinguished which changed this situation. These factors included a new post-industrial era, the radicalisation of the cultural and political climate, extensive demolition in the heart of the Swedish cities, the influence of industrial archeology in England and a growing interest on the part of the antiquarian profession. In the long term, this meant that the discourse about cultural heritage changed so that industry could be included as a part of it.

    In Norrköping the old textile industries in the middle of the city were transformed from an outdated factory area to an attractive industrial landscape during the 1970s and 1980s. Some of the reasons, analysed in the dissertation, can be summarised as follows. First, the industrial area was "discovered" by pioneers who had been influenced by the industrial movement in England. Second, the industrial area had architecturally valuable buildings so that it could be regarded as an area worth preserving even according to traditional selection criteria. Third, the opening of the Museum of Work in the area influenced the survival of the industrial landscape. Through the Museum of Work, the expanding social movement "gräv där du står-rörelsen" ("the digging movement") also exerted an indirect influence on the process. Hence, it was a combination of different factors which resulted in the preservation of the industrial landscape in Norrköping.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegrd, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Time squeezed teachers?: Structural patterns in the time use of teachers’ in folk high schools2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like staff meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is folk high school teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

    In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in non-formal adult education in the Swedish folk high school. The analysis is based on 658 time diaries, from 94 folk high school teachers who filled in seven time diaries each, during a full week Monday-Sunday.

    We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). E.g., the work rhythm of the week, the day-to-day sequential flow of activities including the weekend, can be identified on an individual level for these folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective.

    The results show structural patterns in the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Everyday life of teachers in compulsory schools and folk high schools2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally strictly scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like formal meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

    In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in compulsory school and non-formal adult education in the folk high school. The analysis is based on two data sets with similarities and differences. 3626 compulsory-school teachers filled in a one-day time diary each, on one of the weekdays Monday–Friday. 94 folk high school teachers filled in seven time diaries each, during a week Monday-Sunday. As data on compulsory-school teachers’ weekends are lacking, the focus will be activity patterns during weekdays, Monday–Friday.

    We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). We also discuss weaknesses and strengths of the whole week data collection and the one-day diaries, and the consequences of these different approaches for the analysis. E.g., the work rhythm of the week, in this paper focussing on the weekdays, can be identified on an individual level for the folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective. For the compulsory-school teachers, the data based on one-day diaries from different individuals mean that the rhythm of the week can be identified at aggregated level and day by day only, while the important day-to-day sequential flow of activities is lost.

    The results will show similarities and differences between teachers work in compulsory school and folk high school when it comes to the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lärare i tidens grepp?: Aktivitetsmönster som strukturerar folkhögskollärares arbetsvecka2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper innehåller en preliminär tidsgeografisk analys av 94 folkhögskollärares sätt att använda sin tid under en hel vecka om sju dagar. Analysen bygger på tidsdagboksmaterial, och visualiserar veckans struktur när det gäller olika typer av arbetsrelaterade aktiviteter bland dessa 94 lärare.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deregulation and Internet: New challenges to postal services in Sweden2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The postal system is an old communication technology, now subject to internal competition from potential entrants and external from technological substitutes. This is a study of how the postal industry in Sweden responds to the dual challenge from deregulation and the Internet.

    The liberalisation process lasted throughout the 1990's. The role of actors for change is found to be crucial. The Post Office and the world's first new entrant on the postal market, City Mail, were the entrepreneurs working for change in the institutional framework. In the background were changing conditions in terms of increasing demand for postal services and a shift towards mass letters, technological improvements that made pre-sorting in computers possible and an ambiguous construction of the legal monopoly in Sweden. The most crucial issues after deregulation in 1993-94 have been access to common services and facilitates and the dominant incumbent's right to differentiate prices.

    The effects of the Internet and the use of e-mail on postal volumes are studied. Some substitution has already occurred and a further potential for it exists, particularly in certain segments like fmancial information. At the same time, communication in general is increasing, which appears to outweigh the negative effect on the demand for postal services. The evidence does not support the hypothesis of declining postal volumes.

    The effects on postal efficiency of the dual challenge are found to be positive but modest. The price structure has changed. The threat from the Internet has spurred some product innovation and strategic change whilst potential postal competition has been met by price adjustmentsand process innovation. The major effect is redistribution and the net effect on welfare is little. Owing to actual and potential competition, postal firms may not prosper in the future, but Post as a technology for communication probably will.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Informationsteknologi i organisationer: bestämningsfaktorer och mönster1989Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers in this field have placed different emphasis on the structural constraints visa- vis the freedom of the actors. An awareness that IT is a social construction does not necessarily mean that some individual actor or actor entity can perform freely. An inflexible, tightly structured social situation can considerably limit the action space. Actors are hemmed in by "objective" circumstances, ie, a rather closely controlled situation established by other actors, and which is apparently unyielding in the face of technological decisions.

    By creating a perspective that addresses both structural and actor aspects, this study attempts a holistic understanding which will lay bare the probable dialectic process between the changeable and the nonchangeable. This aspiration to comprehend the whole, when viewed against the complex character of the subject, calls for an understanding oriented approach.

    The study at hand deals with the choice of information technology in organizations, with special focus on automatic data processing (ADP) for administrative purposes. Its main aim is to improve an understanding of factors that determine the choice of ADP technology in organizations.

    The empirical section of the work at hand consists of two case studies and an overview study. The case studies, which concern two extensive ADP projects, are emphasized. The purpose of these two projects was to raise the degree of computerization and to choose both a configuration and degree of uniformity. In both cases however the configuration turned out to be the most critical issue. One concerned the administration of social insurance in Sweden, Rationalisering av den allmänna försäkringens administration (Rationalization of the Swedish social insurance administration), hereafter called the RAFA project. The other case study, referred to here as the FFV study, deals with an administrative system for the manufacturing sector of the FFV Group  The overview study, called the Norrköping study, deals mainly with the technological level and the ADP configuration in a wide spectrum of organizations. The level and the configuration are viewed against an overarching organizational structure, the worksite placement of qualified ADP staff, the line of business and the size of the firm. The study consists of an opinion poll and three delimited secondary studies.

    In the initial stage of each project, rational motives dominated. These were founded on cost and effect assessments and on developments in the field of computer science. From a structural viewpoint, investments in computers seemed self-evident; efficiency goals were paramount. However, an ADP undertaking entails not only rationalization in the conventional sense, it also brings to the ideational aspects inherent in the organization. While ADP technology was believed necessary, it became, in the preplanning and argumentation phase, a means of projecting socially determined concepts and goals. An ADP solution was sought which would combine the latest innovations in computer science with the dominant actors' organizational ideas.

    The dominant actors at FFV were for the most part newly appointed managers, imprinted with other organizational ideals and relationships than those characterizing FFV. The choice stood between a departure from company tradition by selecting a solution based on local minicomputers, or expanding the existing centralized main frame facility. The critics were specialists who had taken part in the design of the existing configuration. At FFV, the structural determinants had to be toned down in favor of the deliberate performance of the dominant actors. In the RAF A case, the opposite was true. The critics wanted a certain change of existing circumstances, while the dominant actors sought to preserve status quo and its underlying ideas. In the RAF A case, ADP thus became a cementing force rather than the catalyst.

    The Norrkoping study clearly indicates that the direction and size of an enterprise has primary importance for how much the computers are used. The ADP configuration appearance varies mainly with the organizational relationships. This is true for the placement of ADP staff and the overall structure of the organization. The main tendency is that the configuration reflects the relationships in an organization. This supports the view in the case studies that proximity to and control of the ADP has a major organizational value.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Réka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gränsdragningar i Vårdens Vardag: Hanteringen av arbetsrelaterad psykisk ohälsa i det svenska välfärdssystemet2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental ill health in working life is a major and growing problem in the welfare society. The problem is multifaceted and raises many questions about who is responsible, what kind of phenomenon it is and how it should be managed. This study examines how care professionals manage work-related mental ill health. Focusing on occupational healthcare and primary care, interest is directed towards how care professionals argue about workrelated mental illness, what dilemmas they face and the strategies they rely on in managing them. It also seeks to answer the question of responsibility regarding this complex problem, not least in the light of the privatization of occupational healthcare.

    The study uses a multidisciplinary perspective, combining concepts from technology and science studies (STS), sociology of professions and organizational theory in order to analyze various aspects of care management of work-related mental ill health. The empirical material is mainly based on interviews with physicians, psychotherapists, counsellors, occupational therapists, psychologists, rehabilitation coordinators and behavioral scientists, but also includes observations in primary care and occupational health care. The management of work-related mental ill health in everyday healthcare practice is characterized by the fact that the cause of the problem is complex, the division of responsibility unclear and that psychosocial causes of disease are controversial. The study discusses the challenges and possibilities of managing this complex problem in a broad sense. The analysis pays attention to the drawing of boundaries by the care professionals regarding both responsibility and the phenomenon of work-related mental illness. The concept of knowledge infrastructure is used to explain and understand the knowledge and material structures that the care professionals work within. The analysis shows that the care professionals have a pragmatic approach and use different strategies to create scope for dealing with work-related mental health.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waldén, Louise
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Tekniker och icke-tekniker vid Husqvarna symaskinsfabrik: Levnadshistorier och attityder till teknik1983Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Sanne, Johan M.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Striking the Balance between Formality and Informality in Safety-Critical Communication: The Case of Train Traffic Control Calls2010In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, Vol. 42, no 1, 220-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Talk in safety-critical activities displays features that distinguish it from both ordinaryconversations as well as from other institutional talk, but it also shares some features with these.Formality and informality are both interactionally accomplished phenomena, but they are shapedthrough different sources. Safety rules and pre-printed forms constitute two sources offormalization, dictating how to carry out communicative exchanges in certain types of situations,irrespective of the more specific circumstances in individual cases. Sources of informalization arethe participants’ need to adapt to situation-specific communicative needs, but also, ironicallyenough, routinization itself.In contemporary literature, safety-critical talk tends to be treated either in terms of strictadherence to a formal code, where all informalities are seen as potential sources of accidents, orinformalization is treated as natural and inevitable, focusing on routine conditions where they areapparently harmless. In this paper, based upon detailed analysis of telephone calls between traindrivers and dispatchers on the Swedish railway network, we propose a middle ground. We suggest acontingent theory of formalization, identifying four main types of informalizations, as well asdiscussing when and why they may be harmless and when they may be detrimental.

  • 18.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    1970: talet2006In: Samhällsforskning 2006.: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle. / [ed] Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm: Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB , 2006, 136-157 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna årsbok ges en bild av den forskning som fått stöd inom ramen för SKB:s satsning på samhälls- och beteendevetenskap samt humaniora. Åtta forskargrupper presenterar sina perspektiv och preliminära resultat. Många viktiga frågor behandlas i årsboken: Har attityderna till kärnavfallet förändrats i platsundersökningskommunerna under 2000-talet?

    Hur ser utvecklingen där ut jämfört med landet i övrigt och vad ligger bakom människors olika ställningstaganden? Vilka resurser kan det lokala näringslivet i platsundersökningskommunerna uppskattas ha inför upphandlingsbehoven när slutförvarsprojektet ska genomföras?

    Vilka lokala socioekonomiska och befolkningsmässiga effekter kan man förvänta sig? Hur tillvaratas allmänhetens, experternas och myndigheternas argumentation och ståndpunkter i samrådsprocessen? Hur förhåller sig den nationella strategin och lagstiftningen till EUmedlemskapets regelsystem och till andra internationella överenskommelser? Vilken är bakgrunden till de vägval som gjorts – och inte gjorts – när det gäller hanteringen av kärnavfall och använt kärnbränsle i Sverige? Varför hamnade hanteringen av använt kärnbränsle i den nationella politikens centrum på 1970-talet och vilka var debattens centrala argument?

    Dessa frågeställningar belyses närmare i årsbokens olika kapitel. Bidragen beaktar såväl den dagsaktuella situationen som de processer och överväganden som lett fram till dagens vägval. I boken presenteras först några kapitel som tar upp situationen idag. De båda inledande kapitlen diskuterar attityder till kärnavfallet, i platsundersökningskommunerna och i Sverige i stort, samt ger en bild av hur människor resonerar kring hur hembygd och framti kan komma att påverkas av ett slutförvar under många tusen år. Sedan följer analyser av det lokala näringslivets kapaciteter och den socioekonomiska, respektive befolkningsmässiga betydelsen av att slutförvaret förläggs till Östhammar eller Oskarshamn. Andra aktuella teman som tas upp är hur samrådet har utvecklats lokalt samt hur besluten kring hanteringen av kärnavfallet påverkas av nationell, regional och internationell lagstiftning.

    Attityder, engagemang och vägval påverkas inte enbart av aktuella förhållanden och processer. Historiska händelser och avgöranden styr ofta direkt eller indirekt tankar och handlingar i specifika banor. Det är därför betydelsefullt att också hålla ett öga i backspegeln för att bättre förstå de komplexa sammanhang och utvecklingsprocesser som påverkat dagens och morgondagens beslut. SKB:s samhällsforskningsprogram har därför stött även tillbakablickande forskning. Här presenteras bidrag från två sådana projekt.

    Det första handlar om övervägandena bakom Sveriges och andra länders val av strategier för hantering av använt kärnbränsle och det andra om efterkrigstidens politiska debatt där kapitlet i denna årsbok fokuserar på 1970-talet, då en tidigare strategi kring kärnavfallet kom att ifrågasättas och ändras.

  • 19.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Among demons and wizards: the nuclear energy discourse in Sweden and the re-chantement of the world2010In: Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, ISSN 0270-4676, E-ISSN 1552-4183, Vol. 30, no 1, 43-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1956, the Swedish Parliament decided to invest in a national nuclear energy program. The decision rested on the conviction that it would be in the interest of the nation to use the assets of natural uranium, the advanced reactor technology, and the expertise on nuclear physics that the country had at its disposal. Since the decision concerned the largest investment ever in Swedish industrial politics, the scientists and engineers had to promise that it would lead to a prosperous future. In this article, the utopian discourse and the rhetoric that were developed to support the Swedish nuclear energy program are analyzed. An important conclusion is that the scientific, technological, political, economic, and moral discourse was not sufficient to create political and civil support. Instead, the scientists and engineers had to turn to the world of myths. Thereby, the conflicts between nuclear physics and magic, scientific objectivity and demons, and rationalistic belief in progress and irrational ideas of faith were dissolved. In Sweden, as in many other Western countries during the 1950s, the world was not disenchanted, but re-enchanted.

  • 20.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Among demons and wizards: the nuclear energy discourse in Sweden and the re-chantment of the world2010In: Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, ISSN 0270-4676, Vol. 30, no 1, 43-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att ersätta kärnkraften med bioenergi: Om en omstridd idé i den offentliga energipolitiska debatten i Sverige 1979-20002009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Bergsäkert eller våghalsigt?: Frågan om kärnavfallets hantering i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige 1950-2002.2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      Vilka risker är förenade med hantering av högaktivt kärnavfall? Var skall det förvaras? Hur skall en anläggning för säker slutförvaring utformas? Kan det överhuvudtaget finnas någon lösning som är säker för all framtid? Hur kan vi i så fall veta det?Sådana frågor har ägnats stort utrymme i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige sedan planerna på ett svenskt kärnkraftsprogram vann gehör i riksdagen på 1950-talet. Om frågorna i stort sett varit de samma har svaren varierat desto mer. Såväl kraftindustrins som miljörörelsens företrädare har förändrat sina förhållningssätt och sanningsanspråk i takt med att de tekniska, politiska, ekonomiska, vetenskapliga och kulturella omständigheterna har skiftat. I denna bok skildrar Jonas Anshelm förskjutningarna i värderingsmönstren och försanthållandena i en av det sena 1900-talets mest konfliktfyllda miljöfrågor.Jonas Anshelm är professor vid tema Teknik och social förändring vid Linköpings universitet.

  • 23.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bevarandeopinionen som vann gehör1993In: Modernisering och kulturarv / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Stockholm, Stehag: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1993, 299-394 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Bland trollkarlar och demoner1996In: Vest: journal for science and technology studies, ISSN 0238-6025, Vol. 1996:1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Den nya alternativrörelsen2004In: Krävs energi i samhällsplaneringen?: en antologi / [ed] Gösta Blücher och Göran Graninger, Linköping: Vadstena Forum , 2004, 119-128 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Det gröna folkhemmet. Striden om den ekologiska moderiniseringen i Sverige.2002In: Naturen som brytpunkt: om miljöfrågans mystifieringar, konflikter och motsägelser / [ed] Johan Hedrén, Stockholm, Stehag: Symposium , 2002, 34-61 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här analyserar forskare från olika ämnen en rad frågor som på olika sätt har att göra med naturen som angelägenhet för det moderna projektet.

  • 27.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Det nödvändigas omöjlighet och det omöjligas nödvändighet. Om utopin i Eyvind Johnsons roman 'Strändernas svall'2005In: Frigörare?: Moderna svenska samhällsströmmar / [ed] Martin Kylhammar, Michael Godhe, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2005, 1, 254-272 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Författarna skriver om svenska samhällsdrömmar efter andra världskriget. Vilka visioner finns om det goda samhället och vad står de för? Vilka personer engagerar sig i nuet för framtidens skull? Frigörare är personer, saker och ting som gjort anspråk på att befria oss och hjälpa oss att skapa ett bättre samhälle.

  • 28.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Det vilda, det vackra och det ekologiskt hållbara: om opinionsbildningen i Svenska naturskyddsföreningens tidskrift Sveriges natur 1943-20022004Book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Från energiresurs till kvittblivningsproblem - om kärnavfallsdebatten i Sverige mellan 1950 och 1970.2005In: Samhällsforskning 2005.: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle. / [ed] Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm: SKB , 2005, 65-86 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Det tog över tjugo år från att det svenska kärnkraftprogrammet började planeras till att frågan om kärnavfallet blev föremål för en offentlig kontrovers, där olika uppfattningar och kärnkraftens önskvärdhet ställdes mot varandra. Från 1950 till 1960-talets andra hälft var det endast några få debattörer som påtalade några nämnvärda risker med de radioaktiva restprodukterna. I efter-handsperspektivet kan detta te sig märkligt. Hur var det möjligt? "Frågan besvaras i denna artikel."        

  • 30.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Från energiresurs till kvittblivningsproblem. Frågan om kärnavfallets hantering i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige, 1950-2002.2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 31.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förnuftets brytpunkt: om teknikkritiken i P C Jersilds författarskap1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern technology has enabled us to realise objectives our forebearers could only dream of. Our capacity to do both good and evil has grown dramatically. With these new capacities ensue extremely weighty moral responsibilities.

    P C Jersild is a Swedish author who has dedicated his work to the investigation of morality in the technological society. This is why his authorship has been chosen as the object for analysis in this thesis. The analysis of Jersild's work is divided inta two sections. The first of these (chapters 3-5) has the character of a general survey and therefore follows a chronological disposition. We follow the changing course of Jersild's authorship in relation to the changing face of public debate. In addition to relativety detailed interpretations of individual texts and analyses of the motif of technology criticism, Jersild's literary production is campared with his social commentary and brief reflections on the public reception of his books are offered. In this fashion the foundations for the second half of the study which is camposed of four thematic chapters (chapters 6-9) are laid. This thematic approach focuses on several essential issues in Jersild's discussion of technology. Consequently, abstraction and generalization tend to assume a more significant position.

    It is shown in this thesis that Jersild critically assesses modern technology as both abstract rationality and concrete lived experience and pennits both perspectives to enrich and stimulate each other. In his discussion of modern technology and its social implications, Jersild repeatedly retums to essentially the same situation: the individual who has teen placed in a predicament due to a harmful pattern of technological development. However, each time he returns to this unsatisfactory situation he views it from a different perspective. He views it through the eyes of a bureaucrat, psychologist, engineer, factory worker, housewife, child, pensioner, lonely alcoholic, hospital patient and animal. This versatility of perspective imbues his narrative with a prismatic acuity; the image of a technological society is complemented and enlarged with every new angle of approach.

    Jersild's work can be seen as a critical investigation of those areas of modern society where the "modem project" has gone astray; where a cognitive-instrumental rationally has been allowed to suppress moral-practical reason. In spite of this criticism, it is made clear, Jersild remains a faithful disciple of the Enlightenment and defends modemity; albeit with restrained optimism and a critical scepticism which continually encaurages reflexivity and a sense of moral responsibility. He reclaims a normative fraction and a measare of critical reason which can be used to advance rather than dismantie the "modem project". Somewhat magniloquently, it can be asserted that Jersild' s work is characterised by an attempt to establish a sensible moral argumentation capable of resening the "modern project" from self-inflicted ruin.

  • 32.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förord1993In: Modernisering och kulturarv / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Stockholm, Stehag: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Industrisamhället och det folkliga kulrutarvet - ett tema i Martin Kochs författarskap1994Book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Industrisamhället och det folkliga kulturarvet: ett tema i Martin Kochs författarskap1993Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kampen om klimatet: miljöpolitiska strider i Sverige 2006-20092012Book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kraftproduktion och miljöoppinion: Kritiken av vindkraftens miljöpåverkan och den som riktats mot övriga kraftslag2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla typer av storskalig elproduktion i Sverige har mött någon sorts miljömotstånd, och kan sägas stå i konflikt med ett eller flera av de nationella miljömålen. Detta innebär att valet av energislag inte endast handlar om teknisk-ekonomiska beräkningar utan också involverar beslut om vilka miljökonsekvenser som är att föredra, och även vilken miljöopinion som ska hörsammas. Argumenten mot användandet av en viss energikälla bestämmer delvis vilka argument som kan aktualiseras i relation till en annan energikälla. Föreliggande rapport analyserar miljöopinionen mot vindkraft i Sverige och skillnader mellan denna opinion och andra energirelaterade miljöopinioner.

  • 37.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kärnavfallets hantering - ett föränderligt problem2009In: Världens gång - teknikens utveckling, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 161-176 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Kärnavfallshanteringens föränderliga natur.2007In: Samhällsforskning 2007. Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle., Stockholm: Svensk kärnbränslehantering , 2007, -177 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna årsbok presenteras forskning som fått stöd inom ramen för SKB:s satsning på samhälls- och beteendevetenskap samt humaniora. Sju forskare presenterar sina perspektiv och resultat. Ett brett spektrum av frågor behandlas: Vilka moraliskt bjudande frågeställningar aktualiseras av slutförvarsfrågan? Vem har skyldigheter och ansvar?

  • 39.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Mellan frälsning och domedag :: om kärnkraftens politiska idéhistoria i Sverige 1945-19992000Book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Modernisering - det instrumentella förnuftets seger1995In: I tider av uppbrott / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Stockholm, Stehag: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1995, 96-123 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Modernisering och kulturarv - ett angeläget forskningsområde1991In: Vest: journal for science and technology studies, ISSN 0238-6025, Vol. 1991:1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Myten om den mätbara miljöförstöringen2002In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, Vol. 2002:1, 68-76 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Myten om det instrumentella förnuftet1997In: Framsteg, myt, rationalitet / [ed] Bengt Molander och May Thorseth, Göteborg: Daidalos , 1997, 67-90 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    PC Jersild - det moderna projektets kritiske försvarare1990In: Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0800-336X, Vol. 1990:1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Pragmatisk rationalism eller besinningens tvivel: Om ett försök att skapa en alternativ svensk miljöpolitik2002In: Naturen som brytpunkt: om miljöfrågans mystifieringar, konflikter och motsägelser / [ed] Johan Hedrén, Stockholm, Stehag: Symposium , 2002, 127-164 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här analyserar forskare från olika ämnen en rad frågor som på olika sätt har att göra med naturen som angelägenhet för det moderna projektet.

  • 46.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rekordårens tbc: Debatten om trafiksäkerhet i Sverige 1945-19652005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Biltrafikens många offer omges i Sverige av en märklig tystnad. Har verkligen detta varit fallet under hela den period som förflutit sedan massbilismens genombrott under 1950-talet? I forskningen kring bilismens historia i Sverige påstås genom-gående att perioden från 1950-talets inledning till mitten av 1960-talet utgjorde bilismens -gyllene år-, att bilismen under dessa år omgärdades av en grundmurad teknikoptimism och att det saknades en djupgående debatt som ifrågasatte bilismens sociala och medicinska följder. I denna studie påvisas tvärtom att det under den aktuella perioden fördes en djup-gående, existentiell, politisk, socialmedicinsk, teknisk och moralisk debatt i ämnet på svenska dagstidningars ledar- och kultursidor samt i berörda tidskrifter. Debatten mellan 1950 och 1965 var mer ifrågasättande, allvarligt upprörd och förtvivlad än någonsin senare. Biltrafiken tolkades av läkare, jurister, journalister och många andra under perioden som samtidens största folkhälsoproblem, att jäm-föra med tbc, och deras ifrågasättande av bilismen antog stundtals civilisations-kritiska proportioner. Det höga antalet trafikskadade och förolyckade spred en oro, skräck och ångest som inte lät sig förträngas. Om detta handlar Rekordårens tbc.

  • 47.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Skall vetenskapen rädda oss?1996Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Socialdemokraterna och miljöfrågan. Om framstegstankens paradoxer1995Book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Teknokrati - teknikernas makt eller teknikens?1990In: Teknokrati, arbete, makt / [ed] Svante Beckman, Stockholm: Carlssons , 1990, 270-293 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Trafikdöden under 1950-talet - debatten om ett nytt folkhälsoproblem och dess orsaker2008In: Resande, planering, makt, Lund: Arkiv förlag , 2008, 1, 197-222 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsvetenskaplig och humanistisk forskning har en viktig roll i att bredda kunskapsunderlagen för svensk transportplanering. Den här boken gör just det. Den har författats av forskare inom forskarnätverket FAST, ett samarbete mellan Linköpings universitet och VTI. Resande, planering, makt presenterar flera spännande nya perspektiv på resande och transporter.Boken vänder sig till alla som på något sätt arbetar med, forskar om eller intresserar sig för transporter och transportplanering. Några av de frågor som behandlas är kvinnors och äldres villkor i trafiken, regionförstoring, medborgarinflytande och riskhantering."En av den här bokens förtjänster är att den i hög grad handlar om olika aspekter av makt: makten att formulera problemen och makten att tolka förutsättningarna för beslut och planering."- Emin Tengström, professor emeritus, avdelningen för humanteknologi vid Göteborgs universitet.

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