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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Affärsmodeller för citylogistik & samordnad varudistribution: Handbok för kommuner och privata aktörer2017Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här handboken är resultatet av forskningsprojektet ”Affärsmodeller för citylogistik” som har finansierats av Vinnova och genomförts av forskare på Linköpings Universitet vid avdelningen Logistik- & Kvalitetsutveckling under perioden 2015 – 2017. Projektet är en direkt uppföljning av Färdplan Citylogistik – Godstransporter i urbana miljöer som visade att citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution behövs för att kunna driva utvecklingen mot mer hållbara och attraktiva städer med emissionsfria godstransporter. Den här boken presenterar en modell som syftar till att hjälpa kommuner och företag att komma igång med citylogistik och samordnad varudistribution – En affärsmodell som också fungerar som ett beslutsunderlag. Projektet grundar sig också i Forsknings- och innovationsagenda för framtidens logistik, där citylogistik lyfts fram som ett av de viktigaste utvecklingsområdena inom logistikområdet i framtiden.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Logistik för ökad svensk konkurrenskraft: Forsknings- och innovationsagenda för framtidens logistik2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Framtidens logistik står inför mycket stora utmaningar som har direkt bäring på svenska företags och organisationers förmåga till tillväxt, hållbarhet och konkurrenskraft. 

    Det står utom all tvivel att logistikens betydelse kommer att öka ännu mer i framtiden. Vinnare på de globala, rörliga marknaderna kommer ett vara de flödeseffektiva företagen, som har förmåga att hantera förändringarna på marknaden med en effektiv logistik som grund. För att lyckas behövs ett Logistiklyft för Sverige, med ett medvetet fokus på att utveckla de dynamiska förmågorna i företag och organisationer. Detta gäller i de allra flesta branscher och typ av företag.

    Den här innovations- och forskningsagendan utgår från den svenska traditionen och internationellt sett unika kunskapen och förmågan att med en systemsyn som grund designa, utveckla och styra komplexa system där flera olika kompetenser samverkar. Logistikens systemkunskap handlar om att lära sig att utforma och styra omfattande och allt mer komplexa försörjningskedjor (supply chains) från råvara till slutkund i syfte att öka svenska företags internationella konkurrenskraft och förmåga att växa på ett miljömässigt och ekonomiskt hållbart sätt

    Agendan adresserar behovet av kompetens och kunskap för mer innovativ logistikutveckling som följer:

    • Utveckling av kunskap om nya och mer innovativa logistiksystem och modeller för industri & handel 
    • Tjänsteutveckling för transport/logistik och IT-företag som stöd för mer innovativa logistiksystem, men också att ta till vara och stimulera den omfattande tjänsteutveckling som finns i förnyelsen av svenskt näringsliv, t ex mot högre grad av e-handel. 
    • Tillämpning av befintliga logistikkunskaper för områden och sektorer i behov av ett logistiklyft och ökad flödeseffektivitet, t.ex. logistik för små- och medelstora företag (SME) med fokus på HUR (genomförandeprocesser) istället för VAD (utformning av koncept och modeller). 
    • Utveckling av kunskaper om hur logistiksystem kan bidra till en hållbar utveckling, såväl miljömässigt som socialt.
    • Utveckling av kunskap om och tillämpning av logistiklösningar med primär samhällsnytta, t ex sjukvårdslogistik och citylogistik samt effektiv och hållbar försörjning av livsmedel, energi etc.

    Den här forsknigs- och innovationsagendan är utvecklad i samarbete mellan Linköpings Universitet, Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola och en lång rad företag där Axis, SKF, Volvo och Nobel Biocare har funnits med i projektets styrgrupp. 

    Agendan finns endast som PDF. Kontakta Mats Abrahamsson, Linköpings Universitet. mats.abrahamsson@liu.se

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Christopher, Martin
    Cranfield School of Management, Cranfield, Bedford, UK.
    Stensson, Bo-Inge
    SKF, Sverige.
    Mastering Supply Chain Management in an era of uncertainty at SKF2015Inngår i: Global Business and Organizational Excellence: a review of research & best practices, ISSN 1932-2054, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 6-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To stay ahead in an increasingly competitive business environment, organizations need agile supply chain systems that are holistically designed and managed. The experiences of SKF, a Swedish multinational firm, point to the benefits of reengineering upstream capabilities to create value downstream. To foster the flexibility, responsiveness, and other dynamic capabilities needed to manage increased supply chain complexity, the company established programs to involve its suppliers in the value creation process, making them an extension of the organization’s resource base. The overall objective has been to migrate from a business model based on economies of scale in operations to one that exploits both economies of scope and economies of integration. As a result of its efforts to create a more agile and cost-efficient supply chain, the company has been able to decrease supply risks while improving its value creation process and responsiveness to new customer demands and advancing its sustainability and social responsibility initiatives. 

  • 4.
    Ahlepil, Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Björck, Joel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Evaluating Distribution Structures for Overseas Export of Frozen Food.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The meat producers of the western world needs to develop their export organizations and to streamline their physical distribution in order to take new market shares on the fast growing overseas markets. HKScan is one of those meat producing companies, the group has businesses in Finland, Sweden, Denmark and the Baltic countries. A part of their sales goes frozen on overseas export by container sea freight. Lately the logistics management of HKScan has been interested in investigating the effects of centralizing the physical distribution for the overseas export from Sweden and Denmark. This leads to the purpose of this study, which is:

     “For HKScan, develop and apply a model that evaluates distribution structures for overseas export of frozen food regarding total cost, delivery service, environmental impact and regulations.”

    The case study included comparison between the current distribution structure for HKScan and three pre-determined scenarios. The current setup consists of multiple warehouses in both countries. In the first scenario the distribution structure is centralized to include one warehouse per country. In the second scenario, the total export flow of products from both Sweden and Denmark is redirected and centralized to one warehouse in Denmark. In the third scenario, the total export flow of products from both Sweden and Denmark is instead redirected and centralized to one warehouse in Sweden.

    To evaluate and compare the different distribution structures a general model was first created by combining different theoretical models and adapting them to the context of overseas distribution for frozen food. The study then included the three phases of developing the model to fit the case company, applying the model on the case company and then to finally evaluating the model.

    The resulting model, which was the outcome of the development process, can be seen below. The model illustrates the different included elements.

    By then applying the model onto the case company, HKScan, it was found that a centralization to a joint warehouse in Denmark would make total cost savings of several percents. In addition, this scenario would increase the total service level. However, the environmental impact would be increased due to long cross-border road transport distances and longer land and sea transports from the warehouse. In addition, it was not possible to fully investigate whether such a distribution would be possible from a regulatory point of view.  A centralization in each country would have minor regulatory issues, it would lead to the smallest environmental impact and have a slight increase in service levels as well as a reduction for the total cost of one percent.

    The evaluation of the model showed that it produces reasonable results with the regulatory elements being the hardest to evaluate for the different scenarios. Regarding the detail level, the veterinary element could be accounted for by the warehousing element and the sea freight element split into transport from warehouse to domestic port and sea freight from domestic port to the destination port. The box-model, containing twelve elements, can be seen as generalizable for evaluating distribution structures in similar contexts, Overseas export of frozen food. However, the calculation performed within the model do probably only apply to the specific scenarios in the study.

  • 5.
    Aichigui, Victor
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Johansson, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Löfberg, Nina
    Karlstad University, SWEDEN.
    Witell, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Karlstad University, SWEDEN.
    Servitization in SME manufacturing firms: A one-way road2015Inngår i: 13th International Research Symposium on Service Excellence in Management, Shanghai, June 19-21, 2015, 2015, s. 965-968Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance for manufacturing firms to add services to their offerings has been asserted over and over again (Neu and Brown 2005). Adding services to product sales require manufacturing firms to develop other types of offerings such as maintenance services, hybrid offerings or integrated solutions. This implies using new and often unknown practices to be able to provide services. Previous research has focused on the benefits of servitization (Gebauer, Gustafsson, and Witell 2011), albeit in larger firms. Hence, similar research on Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SME) has been scarce. Furthermore, servitization as a unidirectional transition process can be questioned as researchers argue that manufacturing firms might offer different types of services simultaneously and might not have the intention to take the next step that a transition process suggests (Kowalkowski et al. 2015). Moreover, previous research shows that the step from offering after-sales services and repair to offering more advanced services, e.g. process-related services, is rather big. For those services different mindsets are required within the organization; more advanced services would require a service oriented mindset, whereas after-sales services only requires the firm to have a product oriented mindset (Löfberg 2014).

  • 6.
    Akre, Linnea
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Wiksten, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Change of organizational structure and replenishment processes for increased customer service and profitability2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This case study is based on Company XY's Paper division and aims to present a new organizational structure and best practices for the processes involved in replenishing. Furthermore, proposals for future actions to be executed by Company XY to increase the customer service and profitability will be proposed. The results of the study will be based on a thorough analysis done on the three mills' and eight sales offices' organizational structures and processes. The analysis has a supply chain management perspective with the aim of increasing the customer service and profitability of Company XY.

    Company XY is a world leader paper and board producing company with the Paper division having customers located worldwide and paper producing mills as well as board producing plants located in Europe. Company X and Company Y were two different companies that merged in 2005 which has led to there being three different virgin mills in the Company XY group. At the moment the three mills and eight sales offices all work in different ways and different systems which has led to sub-optimization of the resources available. To increase the customer service and profitability of the Paper division, which the mills and sales offices belong to, a project has started to increase agility, transparency and establish standardized processes.

    The study is of both a qualitative and quantitative character and is based on a literature study, observations, data and interviews conducted at Company XY. Processes regarding replenishing, information and forecasting at Company XY have been identified as areas where there is room for improvement. Problem areas of the organizational structure that Company XY have today have been identified.

    Company XY is recommended to adopt a hybrid virtual organizational structure to enable them to reach their goals of being agile, transparent and standardized. This structure will enable Company XY to utilize the knowledge of sales offices to be responsive while still having the central units macro view to enable visibility and therefore be able to divide the resources in a better manner than today. This structure, since it demands common practices, will make Company XY work according to standardized processes which in turn has the effect of reducing misalignment and duplication of work.

    It is concluded that a centralized unit will be responsible for generating standardized reports to be distributed to mill and sales offices before 2020. After the implementation of SAP this will no longer be part of the central unit's tasks since it will be done by the system, this will decrease the information sharing issues present today. Furthermore, it is concluded that this central unit will be responsible for the allocation distribution therefore preventing the sub optimization of allocation distributions. Moreover, it is suggested that all mills work with allocations to enable more reliable production cycles.

    Through standardizing the processes so that all the sales offices correct the forecasts on a weekly basis the forecast deviation average can be decreased to 2,45% from 4.98% therefore decreasing the wrongly produced products or non-produced products worth 23 239 042 € a year.

    It is recommended that the replenishing of service stocks should be done by the sales offices. Suggested effects will be stock out costs to be lowered by 26 686 € a year.

    By adopting the suggested structure and change of processes it is believed that Company XY can become more agile, transparent and standardized leading them to increase their profitability and customer service. 

  • 7.
    Al Farra, Hussni
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Acceptance Tests – FAT & SAT: An Empirical Case Study of Utility Poles2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this project is to devise improved quality acceptance procedures to examine quality characteristics of utility poles at the factory of the supplier (FAT) and on-site upon receipt by the customer (SAT). To that end, the thesis draws upon available standards, literature, and industry practices regarding wood, fiberglass and steel poles. As far as the design of the research, a single case study of a major power company was chosen. Then, a data collection plan was developed in order to build upon the existing knowledge found in the literature, and upon the data that can be collected from three of the Company’s suppliers, in addition to the Technical Research Institute of Sweden (SP). Documents’ analysis, interviews, observations, and a survey were the tools of that plan. It was found that criteria, inspection and test methods of wood poles are all sufficiently covered in the standards and the literature; for wood is the most commonly used material for utility poles. Next, in coverage of research, are the steel poles; while there is currently no standard that covers fiberglass utility poles. Indeed, quality characteristics, criteria, and acceptance procedures can altogether form parts of a sustainable solution, as long as the quality is managed as a process whether at the Company’s end or at the fabrication sites; that is especially true if there is some form of backward partnership between the Company and its suppliers.

  • 8.
    Andersson Hagiwara, Magnus
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Andersson Gare, Boel
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Interrupted Time Series Versus Statistical Process Control in Quality Improvement Projects2016Inngår i: Journal of Nursing Care Quality, ISSN 1057-3631, E-ISSN 1550-5065, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. E1-E8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To measure the effect of quality improvement interventions, it is appropriate to use analysis methods that measure data over time. Examples of such methods include statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis. This article compares the use of statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis for evaluating the longitudinal effects of quality improvement interventions, using an example study on an evaluation of a computerized decision support system.

  • 9.
    Antonsson, Viktor
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Ek, Johanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Transportkostnader i HKScans distribution: En utredning av vilka faktorer som driver transportkostnader och hur de kan påverkas2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport innehåller en fallstudie av företaget HKScan och fokuserar på deras interna hantering av transporter ut till kunderna. Eftersom HKScan verkar i en konkurrensutsatt bransch med små marginaler så är det viktigt att varenda krona används på ett bra sätt. Transporter är en aktivitet som sällan undersöks eftersom det är en operativ aktivitet som är fristående från övrig verksamhet. Det har dock visat sig att även om olika funktioner i ett företag traditionellt styrs separat så finns det starka kopplingar mellan transporter och funktioner som sälj, marknad, inköp, ekonomi, personaladministration och produktion. Denna studies syfte var därför att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar transportkostnaderna och ge förslag på hur transportkostnaderna på sikt kan minskas.

    Undersökningen av vilka faktorer som påverkar transportkostnaderna genomfördes i flera steg. Först sammanställdes de faktorer som nämns i teorin vilket kompletterades med de faktorer som Supply Chain-funktionen på HKScan trodde påverkade transportkostnaderna. Detta resulterade i en modell med 18 möjliga påverkande faktorer som sedan avgränsades beroende på vad HKScan mäter och vad som ansågs relevant att undersöka. Denna avgränsade lista bestod av sju drivare som sedan undersöktes med hjälp av en multipel regressionsanalys. I denna analys kunde det matematiskt bevisas att faktorerna vikt per transportkolli, transporttemperatur, kvantitet, avstånd samt vilken typ av kund som transporten gick till påverkar transportkostnaden både på sändningsnivå och per transportkolli.

    Efter att dessa drivare identifierats så hölls intervjuer för att undersöka vilka funktioner som har störst möjlighet att påverka dem och därför i förlängningen även kan påverka transportkostnaden direkt. Dessa intervjuer visade att det främst är funktionerna för sälj och Supply Chain som direkt kan påverka transportkostnaden. Även marknad och produktion har möjlighet att påverka transportkostnaden på ett indirekt sätt.

    Slutligen genomfördes intervjuer med personal från de berörda funktionerna för att undersöka på vilket sätt medvetenheten och styrningen av transportkostnaderna kan förbättras. Detta resulterade i ett stort antal förslag där det mest frekvent förekommande var en kontinuerlig uppföljning av transportkostnaderna. Denna uppföljning ska inte bara vara på nivån att transportkostnaderna varit dyra utan gå djupare och peka på vilka mönster i beställningar och transporter som gett upphov till den högre kostnaden. Om denna uppföljning ska ske manuellt eller med hjälp av ett automatiserat verktyg finns det olika åsikter om men personalen känner genomgående de behöver öka medvetenheten om vad som påverkar transportkostnaderna för att kunna sänka dem.

  • 10.
    Antony, Jiju
    et al.
    Heriot Watt University, Scotland.
    Setijono, Djoko
    University of Strathclyde, Scotland.
    Dahlgaard, Jens Jörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lean Six Sigma and Innovation - an exploratory study among UK organisations2016Inngår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 27, nr 1-2, s. 124-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research has been carried out linking Total Quality Management and Innovation, it was found that there is a dearth of literature exploring the relationship between Lean Six Sigma (LSS) and Innovation. The purpose of this paper is to explore the link between LSS and Process/Product/Service Innovation. A number of interviews were carried out with 10 UK-based companies to explore how LSS and Process/Product/Service Innovation are linked. The interviewees (Six Sigma Black Belts and Master Black Belts) were carefully chosen to ensure that sound and valid conclusions could be derived from the investigation. Due to constraints of limited time, the number of people who participated in the study was relatively small. However, the authors argue that this study can provide a good foundation to various researchers and practitioners to further explore the nature of the relationship between one of the most popular business process improvement methodologies (LSS) and Process/Product/Service Innovation. Based on the interviews of 10 companies in the UK engaging with LSS initiatives, the authors found that LSS is commonly viewed as fostering Process/Product/Service Innovation, Incremental Innovation, or Innovation Capability. The authors also identify seven features specific to LSS that are likely to have significant influence on the above types of Innovation.

  • 11.
    Barrdahl, Adam
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Adolfson, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Reducering av kapitalbindning genom förändrad lagerstyrning: En studie på Husqvarna Group med fokus på inköp från avlägsna leverantörer2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien utfördes under våren -18 som ett examensarbete på Husqvarna Group gentemot företagets inköpsavdelning. Författarna studerar masterutbildningen Logistik som en del av sin civilingenjörsutbildning på Linköpings Universitet. 

    Studiens huvudämnen är inköp och lagerstyrning, med fokus på den senare delen och ämnade att minska kapitalbindning utan att öka de totala kostnaderna genom en förändring. Säkerhetslager, orderkvantiteter och konsignationslager var de tre centrala områdena som undersöktes och fyra olika scenarion skapades inom dessa. Utöver kostnad och kapitalbindning utvärderades de även efter hur de påverkade flexibiliteten för Husqvarna. De två scenariona som utreddes inom säkerhetslager var servicenivåmetoden Scenario 1 - SERV1 och användningen av Scenario 2 - Procentandel av efterfrågan under ledtiden. Inom orderkvantiteter undersöktes ett scenario baserat på ekonomisk orderkvantitet, Scenario 3 – EOK. Kvalitativt utreddes också ett konsignationslagerupplägg genom Scenario 4 – Konsignationslager. 

    Intervjuer och information från företagets affärssystem har varit de centrala informationskällorna till studien, där säkerhetslager- och orderkvantitetsförändringarna utvärderades kvantitativt och konsignationslager kvalitativt. Studien har fokuserat på två avlägsna leverantörer belägna i Asien. 

    Studiens resultat blev att användning av servicenivåmetoden SERV1 för dimensionering av säkerhetslager minskar företagets kapitalbindning med 13,6 % och de totala kostnaderna med 15,9 %, med den ytterligare effekten av en högre samt jämnare servicenivå för hela produktsortimentet. Även dimensioneringen av orderkvantiteter genom ekonomisk orderkvantitet gav minskad kapitalbindning med 9,8 % och en marginell minskning av de totala kostnaderna. De procentuella förändringarna är i förhållande till nuläget och de kostnadsposter som förändras i samband med scenariots införande. Ett konsignationslagerupplägg kommer minska kapitalbindningen, men kostnaderna skulle troligen öka vid omställningen från nuläget. Vid detta val är det viktigt att utvärdera vinsten av att frigöra kapital gentemot att öka kostnaderna. Scenario 2 – Procentandel av efterfrågan under ledtiden inom säkerhetslager ansågs inte ge ett tillräckligt bra resultat för att det skulle vara värt att gå vidare med för Husqvarna. 

    Slutsatsen av studien är att Husqvarna Group bör dimensionera om sina säkerhetslager och se över sina orderkvantiteter för de befintliga artiklarna enligt de rekommenderade metoderna. De bör även vid uppstart av nya artiklar öka fokus på bestämmandet av orderkvantiteten. Konsignationslager bör utredas vidare utifrån svårigheter med det samt för att kvantitativt utreda kostnader. Resultatet av studien kan användas för både avlägsna samt närliggande leverantörer, och anses därför vara generaliserbart för alla Husqvarnas produkter och för andra företag.

  • 12.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hedbrant, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pavlasevic, Vanja
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Stålhand, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Understanding the user beyond ‘common sense’ – teaching Product Ergonomics to design engineering students2015Inngår i: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, International Ergonomics Association , 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Multidisciplinary frameworks are needed to develop products that fit the human. Ergonomics is a multifaceted field that encompasses physical, cognitive and organizational aspects, and it is therefore a suitable subject to be taught to design engineering students.

    The objective of this paper was to describe and reflect upon how a systems perspective on Ergonomics is developed and conveyed in a course in Product Ergonomics to engineering students at the Design and Product Development (DPD) programme at Linköping University, Sweden. The paper is based on the authors’ experiences from teaching the course in Product Ergonomicsas well ason 52 students’ written reflections about their view on Ergonomics before and after taking the course.

    Means and ideas for teaching Ergonomics with a systems perspective included organizing a theoretical introduction into weekly themes and thereafter integrating and applying these themes in a product concept project under supervision of a multidisciplinary teacher team.

    The paper also reflects on how the systems perspective of Ergonomics is planned for and realized in the intended, implemented and attained curriculum.

  • 13.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    HELIX Competence Centre – Knowledge for Sustainable Working Life2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe HELIX Competence Centre at Linköping University and its work to contribute to sustainable working life. Research in HELIX Competence Centre is based on an interactive approach between researchers from different disciplines and partner organizations, including industrial organizations, public organizations, labour market organizations, and civil society organizations. The research programme includes four research themes: 1) Sustainable development processes in industrial production systems; 2) Growth and development in small enterprises; 3) Sustainable, innovative, and coordinated health and welfare processes; and 4) Diversity and inclusion in working life. Other activities include seminars and partnership meetings with different topics and a yearly HELIX day. The research and activities led by HELIX Competence Centre constitute an approach to integrate social and economic sustainability, produce scientific knowledge, and add value to practice in the partner organizations.

  • 14.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pavlasevic, Vanja
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Andersson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hedbrant, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanisk värmeteori och strömningslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Stålhand, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Mekanik och hållfasthetslära. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Theme-based assessment of education in design and product development2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 10th International CDIO Conference, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    One fundamental challenge in choosing an examination form to assess student achievements is to find an examination which, both encourages students to continuously elaborate the course content and constitutes a learning process itself. The objective of this paper is to share and reflect on the development and implementation of a new theme-based examination in a six credit course in Product Ergonomics given in the engineering programme Design and Product Development at Linköping University, Sweden. The course runs during four months and has two parts: one theoretical and one applied. The former focuses on theoretical ergonomic topics, models and methods while the latter is a project aiming at consolidating the students’ understanding of the theory by implementing the knowledge in a product development case. To encourage the students to adapt a deep learning approach, the traditional written mid-term exam for the theoretical part was abandoned and another concept developed. In the new concept, the theoretical part was split onto six weekly themes. Each theme was introduced at the beginning of the week by high-lighting main theories and models followed by a group-work assignment to be elaborated on by the students during the week. The theme was examined at the end of the week through a short written exam and a seminar to discuss and reflect upon the theme. From a student perspective, the positive outcome of the theme-based examination was peer learning and a more active learning style. The students appreciated the theme-based structure of the course. Occasionally, some students commented that weekly examinations could be perceived as stressful. The teachers perceived the students to be more acquainted with ergonomics theory and methods which increased the quality of the course project. The reported theme-based assessment is one example of implementing among others the CDIO syllabus parts 2.2 and 3.1and CDIO standards 8 and 11.

  • 15.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Smeds, Magdalena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Martin, Jason
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Quality and equality?: A gender perspective on quality management research2019Inngår i: QMOD 2019, 2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is twofold, to investigate the representatio n of female researchers in QMOD publications and to describe in what way a gender perspective has beenapplied within QMOD publications.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper is based on a literature review an d analysis ofthe papers in the QMOD proceedings for ever y other year from 2012 to 2018. After excluding papers where gender could not be identified for the first or second author, the final sampleincluded 555 papers. The papers were analysed with respect to gender in authorship, nationality, type of paper, QM research area, domain and gender perspective. Analysis of quantitative data was made with SPSS and Chi square testing. The papers with a gender perspective were further categorized through qualitativ e content analysis.

    Findings: The quantitative analysis showed that gender representation of first authors were 43.2% female and 56.8% male. Males accounted for most of the single authored papers (61%). The most common research areas and domains differed between genders. Female studied lean and research on employee and student related areas and the domains education and health care to a greater extent than males. Males, to a greater extent studied quality management in general and reliability and safety related topics and the domain manufacturing. Eighteen papers with a gender perspective were identified. These originated from 13 different countries and there were equal number of female and male first authors . A major topic was customer or user focus in pr oduct or service development with a dominance of papers focusing on the service sector.

    Practical implications: For researchers the results of the study demonstrate that there is stilla general need to increase the awareness of gender issues in QM research, both in terms of ensuring that ge nder issues are integrated in research projects and that any gender is not underrepresented in specific research roles. In product development there may also be a nuntapped potential in further quality development of products and services by focusing more on gender.

    Originality/Value of paper: There are no similar studies within the QM field. Gender is an area receiving increased interest within academia in terms of reques ts from research funding and increased awareness in higher education. The study shows that t here is a need for increased attention on gender issues within QM research.

  • 16.
    Bergvall, Jacob
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    För- och nackdelar med varuförsörjning via lokala mikroterminaler: En studie av köpcentrum i Linköping och Norrköping2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att världens städer blir allt mer tätbefolkade ökar behovet av varor i städerna. Varutransporter inom tätbebyggda områden för med sig många problem, så som luftföroreningar, buller och trängsel, men är vitala för städernas överlevnad. En av åtgärderna som föreslås i litteraturen för att minska dessa problem kallas lokal mikroterminal (LMT), som är en logistisk anläggning i utkanten av ett tätbebyggt område där varor konsolideras innan de levereras till mottagare inom det tätbebyggda området. Lokala mikroter- minaler har stor potential till att minska den miljöpåverkan som varutrans- porter i tätbebyggda områden för med sig, men de är ändå sällsynta.

    Studiens syfte var att ”identifiera potentiella för- och nackdelar, ur ett ekonomiskt, ekologiskt och socialt perspektiv, med att styra varuflödet till köp- centrum i Linköping och Norrköping via lokala mikroterminaler”. Efter lit- teratursökningen stod det klart att ur de ekologiska och sociala hållbarhets- dimensionerna hade flera fördelar med LMT:er identifierats och uppmätts. Fördelarna i dessa två dimensioner uppnås genom att varutransporten utförs effektivare om en lokal mikroterminal används. Eftersom LMT:n även har en driftskostnad så har många LMT:er dock lagts ner på grund av att de blev för dyra. Studien fokuserades därför på det ekonomiska perspektivet. Ifall fler möjliga ekonomiska fördelar med LMT:er identifierades skulle det öka sannolikheten att fler lönsamma LMT:er kan införas.

    Valet av aktörsperspektiv preciserades ytterligare genom att studien fo- kuserades på butiker och hur de påverkas av ett införande av en LMT. Den mest centrala utgångspunkten var hur personalens butikslogistiska (Kotzab & Teller, 2005) arbetsuppgifter påverkade deras möjlighet att erbjuda så bra service som möjligt och ifall en LMT kan motverka eventuella butikslogis- tiska problem hos butikerna. De butikslogistiska aktiviteter som undersök- tes var leveransmottagning, uppackning, prismärkning, larmning samt skräp- hantering/återvinning. Dessutom undersöktes butikernas behov av ett större lagringsutrymme. Studiens frågeställningar besvarades med hjälp av 51 semi- strukturerade intervjuer hos butiker i köpcentrum i Linköping och Norrkö- ping, samt till en viss del med hjälp av litteraturen.

    Den största potentialen till ekonomiska fördelar för butikerna identifiera- des som möjligheten till att få alla leveranser tidigt under dagen och möjlig- heten till att kunna utnyttja LMT:n som en lagringspunkt. 75 % av butikerna angav antingen butikslogistiska aktiviteter eller lagring som ett problem och därmed bör en stor andel av butikerna ha någon form av intresse för vad en LMT kan erbjuda. För att uppnå dessa ekonomiska fördelar är det därför viktigt att en LMT kan erbjuda ett stort antal tilläggstjänster. 

  • 17.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hållbar logistik: Hur skapas innovation och lönsamhet?2016Inngår i: Supply chain effect, nr 1, s. 10-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Konsten att arbeta och skriva vetenskapligt: vägledning till dig som går på gymnasiet2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vägledning till dig som går på gymnasiet

    Det ställs allt högre krav på vetenskaplighet i de uppsatser som skrivs på gymnasiet. Här får eleverna all hjälp de behöver för att kunna genomföra en enklare forskningsuppgift och skriva en vetenskaplig text eller uppsats om resultatet.

    ELEVPAKET– DIGITALT LÄROMEDEL OCH TRYCKT BOK

    Allt ingår. Det blir så mycket bättre om eleverna kan använda både dator och penna.

    DIGITALT LÄROMEDEL

    Den interaktiva elevboken är inläst med autentiskt tal och textföljning.

    • Interaktiv version av boken, inläst med autentiskt tal och textföljning
    • Det digitala läromedlet kan användas på dator, surfplatta och i mobil

    I det digitala läromedlet kan eleverna söka i innehållet. De kan också göra egna anteckningar och markera viktiga stycken i texten. Anteckningarna sparas automatiskt och kan enkelt samlas ihop och skrivas ut.

    Det digitala läromedlet aktiveras med koden som finns i elevboken. Här kan du läsa mer om hur du aktiverar ditt digitala läromedel: https://www.studentlitteratur.se/#aktiveraprodukt

    ELEVBOK

    Konsten att arbeta och skriva vetenskapligt är indelad i fyra övergripande delar. Del 1 och 2 handlar om den studie som ligger bakom en uppsats, medan del 3 behandlar själva uppsatsskrivandet. Del 4 behandlar både uppsatsen och studien och hur eleverna kan arbeta för att höja kvalitén i sitt arbete med hjälp av de bedömningskriterier som vanligtvis tillämpas på en studie.

  • 19.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Logistics decision levels, activities and sustainability focus among swedish retailers2015Inngår i: Book of proceedings, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainable logistics business cases2017Inngår i: Book of abstract, 2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    What constitute a functioning business model for urban consolidation centres?2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Abrahamsson, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Critical factors for viable business models for urban consolidation centres2017Inngår i: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979, Vol. 64, s. 36-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Although urban consolidation centres (UCC) worldwide have improved urban freight distribution and reduced externalities, other UCC initiatives have not materialised due to problems such as for example, business model limitations. All the same, researchers have rarely described business model components relevant to city logistics. In response, the purpose of this article is to analyse critical factors for viable business models of city logistics initiatives involving UCCs. Following an extensive literature review and multiple-case study of five initiatives with UCCs, we identified seven critical factors of viable city logistics business models: the ability to scale up and down the UCC solution; an ability to continuously develop and adapt to a dynamic environment; the important entrepreneurial role of the initiator as well; the acknowledgment of society; ability to innovate new services; logistics and supply chain management competence; and the ability to take full advantage of advanced IT. All seven factors describe continuously redeveloped business models seeking to seize new and unexpected opportunities, yet also indicate that city logistics systems require local authorities and municipalities to act as initiators, enablers, and customers. The models also underscore differences between purely commercial and purely municipal city logistics initiatives.

  • 23.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    A framework for classifying sustainable logistics innovation2018Inngår i: Logistics research, ISSN 1865-035X, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers and practitioners alike need support in the challenges to develop sustainable logistics, and one cannot afford to have a limited view of what constitutes sustainable logistics innovation (SLI). In order to inspire researchers and practitioners to expand their mindset when addressing sustainable logistics, the purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for classifying sustainable logistics innovations, and by classifying some SLIs evaluating the applicability of the framework. The study is based on a literature review within logistics innovation, sustainable innovation, and sustainable logistics innovation, resulting in a framework. It contains three areas: softness, extent of change and scope, which in turn contain nine dimensions. Interviews in three retailers acting in Sweden were conducted. SLIs were illustrated and classified in the framework. By moving outside how research so far has studied SLIs, examples of SLIs in logistics activities other than transport were identified, in forms aside from technological solutions, and in industries outside of logistics service providers. It was found that it was possible to classify SLIs in all dimensions, with some difficulties in extent of change in output, which also shows the applicability of the framework. Using the framework, SLIs can be understood in a more concrete and applicable way, which can inspire practitioners to develop and expand their efforts towards sustainable logistics. Therefore the study has implications for research, practice and society. Several suggestions for future research are presented.

  • 24.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Challenges adressed by Swedish Third-Party Providers: Conducting sustainable Logistics Business Cases2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 9, s. 1-19, artikkel-id 475002Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable logistics business case (SLBC) provides underlying argumentation to convince decision makers to approve initiatives within sustainable logistics. Little knowledge exists on how companies conduct SLBCs or the challenges that need to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to explore how companies conduct SLBCs, to increase the understanding of how perceived challenges can be addressed. Potential challenges were identified in literature on business cases models in general and sustainable logistics business cases. As third-party logistics providers (3PL) are big contributors to emissions and often are responsible for designing logistics setups, they were focused in the empirical study. How SLBC were conducted was investigated based on interviews with managers responsible for conducting SLBCs and the responses triangulated with information derived from actual business cases. Despite the careful selection of 3PLs well ahead within the area, few challenges were perceived by the studied companies. This does not imply that challenges do not exist but can rather be described as a consequence of their pragmatic and inward-looking perspective. Examples of how to address challenges are provided. The compiled list of SLBC challenges provides an overview that was missing in literature. 

  • 25.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden.
    Exploring the sustainable logistics innovation process2018Inngår i: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, Vol. 118, nr 1, s. 204-217Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The development of more sustainable logistics calls for innovative thinking. In order to accelerate the development in the field, there is a need for increased understanding of the process behind successful implementation of sustainable logistics innovations (SLI). The purpose of this paper is to explore the SLI process, in order to identify critical factors, challenges as well as actors involved. Design/methodology/approach - A multiple-case study in six Swedish retailers and logistics service providers (LSPs), successful in SLI implementations, was conducted. Both within-case and cross-case analyses were applied. Findings - The SLI process consists of five phases. The positive relationship between formalisation and SLI success is supported. Critical activities and challenges not known from literature were found in each phase. Examples are the use of logistics and customer KPIs, quickness, developing simple concepts, using a sustainability business case template and selecting where to test SLIs. Some phases are involving many internal and external actors, while others involve few internal actors. Customers are not particularly involved, and retailers involve their LSP suppliers. Research limitations/implications - This study addresses the lack of empirical research in logistics innovation and has bridged the gap of innovation studies in other companies than in LSPs. Furthermore it has combined two developing areas, sustainable innovation and logistics innovation, into SLI. A number of critical activities and challenges, and complex patterns for actors involvement in the SLI process phases are explored as insights from particular cases; these results could be analytically generalised to theory. Practical implications - The practical implications lie in guiding managers who wish to improve sustainability and innovativeness in logistics and, consequently, business success. Knowledge from successful companies about which phases to go through in which sequence, which challenges that can be expected and who to include in the SLI process could imply that more companies focus on SLI. Social implications - Knowledge on how to include sustainability in a clear innovation process, e.g., by making strong business cases, should imply an accelerated development of sustainable logistics in society. Originality/value - This study addresses the lack of empirically-based research in logistics innovation and expands the concept to retailers.

  • 26.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet,Växjö, Sweden.
    Framgångsfaktorer för logistikrelaterat hållbarhetsarbete2017Inngår i: Supply Chain Effect, nr 4, s. 24-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Hållbara logistikinnovationer (HLI) i handels- och logistikföretag2016Inngår i: / [ed] Peter Berling & Helena Forslund, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus university.
    Illustrating and Classifying Sustainable Logistics Innovation2016Inngår i: LRN conference 2016: proceedings, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linneaus University.
    In search of sustainable logistics innovation2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 30.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business & Economics, Växjö, Sweden.
    The sustainable logistics innovation process: an exploratory study2016Inngår i: NOFOMA 2016 - Proceedings of the 28th Annual Nordic Logistics Research Network Conference / [ed] Lauri Ojala, Juuso Töyli, Tomi Solakivi, Harri Lorentz, Sini Laari, Ninni Lehtinen, Turku, Finland: University of Turku Press , 2016, s. 35-51Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Sustainability has become an important aspect for improving logistics, and the development ofmore sustainable logistics operations calls for innovative thinking. The purpose of this study isto explore how the sustainable logistics innovation (SLI) process is managed by some retailersand LSPs in order to suggest a framework for describing and analysing the SLI process.

    Design/methodology/approach: Literature on general, logistics and sustainable innovation processes is studied. A multiple-casestudy in five Swedish retailers and LSPs is conducted. With a pattern-matching approach, theSLI processes in the companies are analysed and a framework is suggested.

    Findings: A framework for the SLI process is suggested and its differences from general innovationprocesses are highlighted, such as the use of 3BL business cases. It shows the characteristics ofthe SLI process and which actors that are involved. The SLI process can vary largely and stillgenerate SLIs. However, managerial improvement potentials were found in several phases ofthe process.

    Research limitations/implications: This study addresses the lack of empirically based research in logistics innovation and expandsit to retailers. It expands our knowledge into SLI, where the framework can be applied tostructure and understand SLI processes, and to identify improvement potentials.

    Practical limitations/implications: Managerial implications are found in the limited customer involvement in idea generation andthe often “secret” way of evaluating ideas. As the companies can be seen as forerunners in SLI,managers can get inspiration by studying how the process is managed.

    Originality/value: Very few studies are found in the area of sustainable logistics innovation.

  • 31.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Transportrelaterar CSR-arbete: för ökad lönsamhet och innovation2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att möta trender såsom ökad internationell konkurrens måste framtida transportsystem inte bara vara ekonomiskt utan även socialt och miljömässigt hållbara. CSR-arbetet måste lyftas till en affärsmässighet där hållbara transportsatsningar blir en integrerad del av affärsutvecklingen och stödjer näringslivets långsiktiga och hållbara konkurrenskraft. För detta krävs nytänkande och innovationskraft. Kunskapen kring hur CSR-arbete kan göras företagsekonomiskt intressant är starkt begränsad. Det saknas kunskap kring hur företagsekonomiskt intressanta tjänster och processer kan utformas som stödjer en utveckling mot satta transportpolitiska mål och miljömål, och som stöds av mätning och uppföljning.

    Fokus i detta projekt har legat på att identifiera, beskriva och analysera innovationer som kan medföra att transportrelaterat CSR-arbete ger effektivare verksamheter och/eller kundservice. Transportutövare och transportköpare (här handelsföretag) har fokuserats. Handelsföretag kan i sin roll som länk mellan kunder och producenter och med sin ofta starka förhandlingskraft påverka CSR-arbetet även utanför företagsgränserna. De stora potentialer som finns i gränssnitten mellan transportsystemets aktörer har därmed lyfts fram.

  • 32.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Department of Accounting and Logistics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Persdotter Isaksson, Maria
    School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Exploring logistics-related environmental sustainability in large retailers2016Inngår i: International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, ISSN 0959-0552, E-ISSN 1758-6690, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 38-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore and illustrate ways in which the world’s largest retailers describe their logistics-related environmental considerations, their environmental indicators applied to measure the effects of these considerations and their environmental consciousness in their CSR reports.

    Design/methodology/approach – Classification models are developed via a literature review on logistics-related environmental considerations, indicators and consciousness. A content analysis approach is then applied to examine CSR reports from 12 of the world’s largest retailers.

    Findings – Few retailers show environmental considerations in all logistics activities, but purchasing is especially well described. Even if many retailers claim to use the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) framework, no one uses is completely. Judging consciousness from CSR reports raised a number of questions.

    Research limitations/implications – A contribution to theory is the development of two classification models. The first provides a description structure for environmental considerations related to logistics activities. The second expands the GRI indicator framework by incorporating a structure for logistics activities.

    Practical implications – The classification models developed can be an important mean for managers and also consumers to judge the environmental sustainability of retailers by their CSR reports.

    Social implications – The study makes a social contribution with its input on sustainability and especially environmental issues.

    Originality/value – Few studies have focused upon environmentally sustainable logistics in retail chains, and even fewer address how to measure environmental sustainability in this context.

  • 33.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    S.Ülgen, Veronica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hållbarhetsarbete i transportförsörjningskedjor2017Inngår i: Hållbarhetsarbete i transportförsörjningskedjor, Göteborg, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Huge-Brodin, MariaLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Greening logistics2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging awareness of climate threats and other environmentally related problems creates challenges for logistics.Greening logistics introduces various avenues to understand and improve logistics systems from an environmental perspective.Freight transport is part of, as well as a consequence of, the logistics 
system, where the environmental challenges cannot, and should not, be met at the cost of efficiency and competitiveness.During the last decade, research into green logistics has expanded and matured dramatically. From being in the outskirts of the logistics field, environmental considerations have become a more natural part of logistics research. This book provides examples of research performed by Swedish PhD students, and illuminates parts of the multifaceted area of green logistics research. The PhD students have each contributed with one chapter, in which they present their research in their own words.Greening logistics is aimed at various audiences: for students and teachers in universities and professional programmes – to facilitate the understanding of a complex, important, and emerging area; for business – to demonstrate green logistics’ important role, and provide inspiration and guidance for further development; for funding bodies – to demonstrate the strength of a joint funding initiative: the development of research competence at various universities; and for researchers – as inspiration and introduction to the area of green logistics.

  • 35.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Huge-Brodin, MariaLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Greening Logistics2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The emerging awareness of climate threats and other environmentally related problems creates challenges for logistics. Greening logistics introduces various avenues to understand and improve logistics systems from an environmental perspective. Freight transport is part of, as well as a consequence of, the logistics 
system, where the environmental challenges cannot, and should not, be met at the cost of efficiency and competitiveness. During the last decade, research into green logistics has expanded and matured dramatically. From being in the outskirts of the logistics field, environmental considerations have become a more natural part of logistics research. This book provides examples of research performed by Swedish PhD students, and illuminates parts of the multifaceted area of green logistics research. The PhD students have each contributed with one chapter, in which they present their research in their own words. Greening logistics is aimed at various audiences: for students and teachers in universities and professional programmes – to facilitate the understanding of a complex, important, and emerging area; for business – to demonstrate green logistics’ important role, and provide inspiration and guidance for further development; for funding bodies – to demonstrate the strength of a joint funding initiative: the development of research competence at various universities; and for researchers – as inspiration and introduction to the area of green logistics.

  • 36.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Designing a business model for redistribution of surplus food2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Urban consolidation centre - a literature review, categorisation, and a future research agenda2018Inngår i: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 48, nr 8, s. 745-764Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Urban consolidation centre (UCC) is a popular initiative targeting the challenge of negative environmental and social impacts from freight transports in cities. Despite this, UCC often fails in practice, which indicates a knowledge gap. Furthermore, research within the field can be described as fragmented, transdisciplinary and fast growing. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the field by describing dominant categories and themes within the area, identify gaps in order to propose a future research agenda, and provide insights into the needs of practitioners. Design/methodology/approach A systematic literature review (SLR) targeting journal articles based on UCCs has been constructed with a supplementary snowball approach. A content analysis was performed to categorise themes in the research on UCCs and to identify research gaps, both within and outside the categories identified. Findings Despite substantial research on UCC, very little research ends up in academic journals. In all, 56 articles address UCC. The most common topics were the role of stakeholders, design of distribution structures and transport resources, environmental and social consideration, and economic considerations. Much focus is directed towards finding optimal solutions and designs for potential initiatives with very little, if any, consideration to financial viability or the management of the UCC initiative. Research limitations/implications This research points out existing gaps in the literature and proposes a future research agenda with UCCs as the focus. For example, although environmental and social arguments are often applied to justify the implementation of UCCs, few studies measure or evaluate their impact. Another important research gap is the economical consideration, both how to generate revenue and how to consider economies of scale. Practical implications The practical contribution of most studies is directed towards municipalities. Few findings are presented in a way to support companies. Additionally, by bridging the gaps related to how stakeholders can collaborate and describe what is happening in a UCC, practitioners can use such information as guidelines. Originality/value The results provide a research agenda for the fragmented research targeting UCCs, supporting the viability of future initiatives.

  • 38.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Martinsen, Uni
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    E-consumers’ role in greening distribution2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to address the knowledge gap regarding e-consumers’ role in greening distribution by investigating the exchange of distribution related information between consumers, e-tailers and logistics service providers (LSPs). The 40 largest Swedish e-tailers' homepages were visited, and three e-tailers and four LSPs were interviewed. Consumers appear to have limited ability to affect the greening of distribution. Only a few e-tailers offered green distribution on the online purchase. Lack of communication between LSPs and e-tailers, regarding content, direction and frequency was one reason behind the slow development towards greening distribution.

  • 39.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Paulsson, Ulf
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Academic papers and theses: to write and present and to act as an oponent2014 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    An educational method that is becoming all the more common at colleges and universities is that of the seminar. In the seminar, students write academic papers and reports, present them, and act as opponents on each other’s work. The book covers all the sections that are normally included in the seminar. The learning environment of the seminar is based on a scientific way of thinking and on scientific methods. With its point of departure in this foundation, the book aims to provide easily accessible information and advice about the ways in which academic work can be organized and carried out. Furthermore, the book takes up issues regarding layout, presentation of one’s work, opposition, and cheating, as well as criteria used to assess academic papers and theses.

    The book is intended for use on first-cycle levels at university colleges and universities, and within other forms of post-secondary school education.

    There is also a Swedish version of the book with the title: Seminarieboken – att skriva, presentera och opponera.

  • 40.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Piecyk, Maja
    Herriot watt University, UK.
    Why logistics service providers do (not) report on CSR: a swedis perspective2015Inngår i: Book of proceedings, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sandberg, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Supplier relations and sustainability2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Johansson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Simm, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Who is driving towards sustainable transportation?2019Inngår i: Paper presented at the National conference in transport research, Linköping Sweden, October 22-23, 2019, Linköping University , 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 43.
    Bouganim, Jakob
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Olsson, Konrad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Using Deep Learning to Predict Back Orders: A study in the Volvo Group Aftermarket Supply Chain2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aftermarket holds a vital role in the Volvo Group value offer. Producing profitability by satisfying the customers needs for important spare parts, ensuring maximum uptime for the entire range of vehicles produced and sold. As the cost for keeping stock exponentially increases with a higher availability, the availability can never be 100%. This in effect means that there will be occasions where an order is placed on a part that is currently not in stock, creating a back order. And while not all of these back orders can be avoided completely, predicting them before they occur will allow for preemptive measures to be taken, potentially reducing lead times and costs. Deep learning is a sub-section of machine learning, the study of methods to make computers find complex patterns in data. Deep learning has had an increase in popularity as the computational power and available data has greatly increased in recent years and is something that Volvo sees potential in. This creates the aim of this study which is to develop a deep learning model to predict the occurrence of back orders.

    In order to fulfill this aim, two main research questions were formed. The first research question intends to find underlying causes and factors that can explain the occurrence of back orders, in order to create the input features that the model can be trained on. This was initiated with a basis in literature, where a theoretical framework was created from different areas in the field of logistics as well as previous studies that combine logistics and machine learning. After this an empirical study was conducted where four previous initiatives from Volvo were found, that aim to explain the occurrence of back orders. As this was concluded, the findings were combined and synthesized into a list of factors that explain the underlying causes of back orders.

    In the second research question the factors listed were translated into input features of the model, where all quantifiable factors that could be and located in the Volvo database were included. This created the data set used to train the deep learning model to predict back orders. After the feature creation was completed, the actual design and development of the model could commence. Based on literature concerning deep learning along with directives from Volvo, a deep recurrent neural network was developed. The exact size and shape of the model was varied and evaluated to find the best performance.

    Evaluating the results showed several interesting findings. After training the model on one year of weekly data for 20 000 part numbers, the model proved to be skillful in predicting the occurrence of back orders. The model was able to predict 73% of back orders one week before they occurred (recall), and 72% of what the model deemed to be back orders were actual back orders (precision). The main challenges with predicting back orders were the imbalance between back order and a non-back order and the limit of one year of data. As the nature of back orders is that on average, only a few weeks per year will there be a back order on a given part, the training of the model becomes difficult. The difficulty with this imbalance is that the model is always less likely to predict a back order if the occurrence of back order itself is rare. The advantage of deep learning can be found with a large amount of data, and not being limited to one year of data is likely to produce better results. Despite these difficulties the model was highly successful in predicting the occurrence of back orders.

  • 44.
    Braun, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Leffers, Eicke
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Service Data Management: How data around services can help to manage services internally - a case study at the Volvo Group2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional manufacturing firms today are on the way to extend their product portfolio with services in order to broaden their offering and to strengthen the relation to their customers. New services are being developed, old services are substituted and replaced and existing services adapted, while the amount of services tends to increase in total. As the number of services increases, so does the administrative work and complexity that comes along with services.

    This thesis aims at investigating how to handle the rising amount of data internally created around services and which service data need to be managed to describe a service. The objective is to find a way that allows Volvo to focus on the development and adaptation of services and not being distracted with work on administration of data around services, but rather focus on value-creating work. Different types of metadata are identified that describe a service along its lifecycle, e.g. versions, lifecycle stages, dependencies to other services, etc. The way is summarized in a framework that illustrates which data are needed and how this information can be managed.

    Besides the literature study, a benchmarking study is conducted within three other, global operating companies that have made their way from a manufacturer to a service provider or are still on the way to become one. The objective is to analyze their way on handling service data and to compare those to the one of Volvo and use the gathered information to provide a recommendation that suits Volvo’s way of working. The benchmarking study aimed at investigating the current status and future objectives of the firms through interviews with service experts.

    The results show that there is a great variation among the firms, including Volvo. While the third benchmarking firm has a mature way of dealing with services in their administration, Volvo and the benchmarking firm 2 are at an early stage in the servitization process. However, benchmarking firm 1 has an intermediate state that is strongly supported by an existing ERP system that is capable of registering service data.

    The Volvo Group acts in a strong competitive market that demands fleet management services, maintenance agreements and repair contracts in addition to the product offering. A lean way of service data management with high efficiency allows Volvo to compete in this market successfully. Services can be developed quicker by reuse of existing modules, a tracking of changes allows users to see the evolution of a particular service and the impact of a change can be estimated with the right system that considers dependencies among services.

    A solution to improve in the service data management is presented in the developed framework of this thesis. It is one way to account for the growing number of data and services and to simplify the daily work with services with a software-based solution. It can help to approach the growing number of services and to structure them in a daily work environment as well as from a more holistic portfolio management perspective.

  • 45.
    Calmfors, Tomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Werdin, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling.
    Utveckling av en beräkningsmodell för effekten av transportåtgärder med fokus på miljöpåverkan för Runsvengruppen AB2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Runsvengruppen AB är ett svenskt detaljhandelsföretag som är intresserade av att arbeta mot att minska miljöpåverkan från deras transporter. Eftersom de verkar på en prispressad marknad med hård konkurrens är det viktigt att även utvärdera vilken effekt förändringarna har för kostnader och leveransservice. Syftet för denna studie var därmed att utforma beräkningsmetoder som är anpassade efter den information som finns tillgänglig för Runsvengruppen AB och som kan beräkna miljö-, kostnads- och leveransserviceeffekten av åtgärder. Beräkningsmetoderna utformades för att kunna utvärdera effekten för åtgärder som sker på en operativ nivå, där fokus varit på åtgärder som handlar om att byta transportslag, byta drivmedel, förbättra avgasrening och motorteknik, införa ny fordonsdesign och köra sparsammare. Beräkningsmetoderna delades upp i de tre delarna miljö, kostnad och leveransservice och utreddes för de vid godstransport tre vanligaste transportslagen lastbil, båt samt tåg. Inledningsvis togs en teoretisk beräkningsmetod fram utifrån teori inom området. Den teoretiska beräkningsmetoden utgår dock från att all nödvändig information finns tillgänglig för användaren vilket inte alltid är fallet för alla företag. Således utreddes först vilken nödvändig information som fanns tillgänglig för Runsvengruppen AB för att sedan utreda vilka anpassningar som bör göras i de fall informationen inte var tillgänglig. Avseende miljöberäkningen var resultatet varierande för de olika transportslagen. På grund av Runsvengruppen AB:s nära relation till de åkerier som utför transporter med lastbil fanns samtliga indata tillgänglig för detta transportslag. Således kunde den teoretiska beräkningsmetoden användas utan modifikation. För de transporter som utförs med båt samt tåg såg situationen annorlunda ut. Runsvengruppen AB hade i dessa fall inte tillgång till en stor del av den indata som den teoretiska beräkningsmodellen krävde. För att hantera detta har standardvärden beräknats fram för att ge så goda uppskattningar som möjligt. En konsekvens av detta var dock att en hög grad av osäkerhet uppstod i dessa beräkningar. För kostnadsberäkningarna kunde den teoretiska beräkningsmetoden användas utan modifikation då Runsvengruppen AB hade tillgång till samtliga indata. För leveransserviceeffekten utgick studien ifrån de två måtten ledtid samt leveranspålitlighet. Ledtiden gick att beräkna utifrån den teoretiska beräkningsmodellen medan indata saknades för leveranspålitligheten. Då detta även visade sig svårt att uppskatta med någon rimlighet inkluderades detta mått inte i den slutgiltiga beräkningsmetoden.

  • 46.
    Carlsson, Inga-Lill
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Högskolan i Gävle, Sweden.
    Resources to Form Logistics Capabilities: from the Perspective of a Small- or Medium-Sized Subcontractor2008Inngår i: Supply Chain Forum: an International Journal, ISSN 1625-8312, E-ISSN 1624-6039, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 6-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One way for a small subcontractor to meet increasing global competitionis to develop a system supplying ability, which implies more focus onlogistical issues and a larger overall responsibility in the supply chain.Certain logistics capabilities have been identified as important to a smallormedium-sized subcontractor in order to cope with the systemsupplying role. Interviews have been carried out in a multiple case studywith the purpose of identifying important resources for a smaller supplierwith the ambition of forming logistics capabilities to support systemsupply. Resources within three different areas have been identified:organizational, competence base, and tools. Conclusions from acomparison among three companies, with different degrees of systemsupplying services, point out the importance of an organization with clearand distinct responsibilities and authorities. Competencies in logistics andenhanced understanding and use of IT support and communicationsystems are identified as areas to improve for the smaller companies.

  • 47.
    Carlsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Aronsson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Investing in Lean to Improve Basic Capabilities: A strategy for System Supply?2017Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, ISSN 2013-8423, E-ISSN 2013-0953, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 28-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper describes the perceived effects of implementing lean production in aSwedish SME contract manufacturer. Especially focused are the effects on, and possible tradeoffsbetween, cost-efficiency and flexibility.Design/methodology/approach: SME suppliers need basic capabilities of qualitativeproduction performance as stepping-stones to develop more system supplier capabilities foradded customer value. Development of stable production processes is seen as a way to reachstable basic performance, efficient and with higher resource utilization. Quality is a precursor todelivery performance as well as to cost reduction and flexibility. This is a longitudinal single casestudy of a SME supplier striving to become a system supplier. Two main sources of datacollection are used: interviews and the main author’s presence as employee and businessdeveloper, participating in and following up the ongoing change process.Findings: Analyzing the development over time illustrated the importance of context andcontent for the change process. Two specific findings appeared: (1) An initial effect was animportant “eye-opener” for the balance between cost efficiency and flexibility in the organization.(2) Process orientation, as the basis of both lean and agile approaches, allows many improvementswithout any conflicts or trade-offs between these two goals. Stability in the production leads to increased controllability, initially resulting in both higher cost-efficiency and higher flexibility. Asthe organization develops however, strategic considerations relating to the chosen market strategymight occur: cost leadership or differentiation.Research limitations/implications: These results reflect the experiences of one SME supplierand further studies are needed for generalizability.Originality/value: The study increases the understanding of how a SME may develop stableprocesses in its different supplier-customer contexts. The study points at some necessary basiccomponents of this process approach as a first step for the transition to system supplier.

  • 48.
    Carlsson, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    Högskolan i Gävle, Sweden.
    Developing system supplier capability by integrating knowledge with customers2019Inngår i: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 91-209Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Cronemyr, Peter
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Åsa
    SIQ - Swedish Insititute for Quality, Sweden.
    A Tool For Measuring Quality Culture2016Inngår i: 19th QMOD Proceedings: International Conference on Quality and Service Sciences / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park, Jens J. Dahlgaard, Lund University Library Press , 2016, s. 1272-1285Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s organizations face the challenge of measuring the right things and then using those measurements as a starting point to work with improved quality.  It is important to design a measurement tool that corresponds to the initiatives taken when a new management implementation such as adopting quality values is carried out. The failure to generate a shared value base is pointed out as one main cause for the inability to effectively apply Quality Management and Lean within organizations, thus it appears central to measure these values. However, the measuring of values and organizational culture, e.g. the soft side, seems to be missing within both concepts. The managers have great influence on what culture will be predominant in an organization, and how they act and behave affects the attitudes and behaviours of the co-workers within the organization. Therefore, there is a need for a tool that measures not only quality values, but also behaviours that support or obstruct a quality culture. Furthermore, it is of interest how the employees rank both the performance and the importance of quality values and behaviours. The tool should not be a ‘certification’ but rather a diagnostic tool for continuous improvement.

  • 50.
    Dahlgaard, Jens J.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Dahlgaard-Park, Su MiLund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Best Papers from QMOD 2014 Conference in Prague2015Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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