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  • 1.
    Ahlstedt, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bredda normen: En kunskapssammanställning om unga hbtq-personers etablering på arbetsmarknaden2018Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ahlstedt, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Feeling of Migration: Narratives of Queer Intimacies and Partner Migration2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation analyzes narratives of queer partner migration, that is, a family-tie migration in which one of the partners of a relationship has migrated in order for the partners to be together, and where the partners queer the migration in the sense that they have a non-normative sexuality and/or gender identity. The purpose of the study is to examine how queer partner migrants and their Swedish partners experience the migration process – which continues also once the administrative process has been completed – by analyzing the emotions and feelings that emerge in the process. The study is a contribution to research on privileged migration as well as intimate migration.

    The focus is the queer partner migration relationship, and what emotions and feelings ‘do’ to this relationship, but also how emotions and feelings structure the migration process. The study analyzes the work three different emotions – love, loss, and belonging – do in these migration processes, and how this work is described in the participant narratives. Migrant participants have migrated from different parts of the world (Africa, Europe, Latin America, and North America), making it possible to analyze what emotions and feelings do in this particular migration process from the point of view of nationality and, in particular, proximity to ‘Western-ness,’ race, and language as well as how privileges connected to these positions come to matter in the process.

    The dissertation is an ethnographic interview study in which both migrants and Swedish partners have been interviewed. The interview material consists of a combination of couple interviews and individual interviews.

    By using affect theories and the concept of queer phenomenology, the dissertation shows how the work that emotions and feelings do in migration processes is connected to gender identity, sexual identity, race and whiteness, nationality, perceived proximity to Western-ness, class, language, and the migration narrative the migrating partner is (or is not) written into by way of the country they have migrated from. This is analyzed in relation to the theoretical frameworks of entanglement, homonationalism, and intimate citizenship.

    The analysis shows that emotions and feelings structure the migration process for both more privileged and less privileged migrants, but in different ways. The understanding of who ‘is’ a migrant, and the preparedness for the feelings that arise in a migration process, are tied to the positions mentioned above and the privileges these positions give, or do not give, the migrant access to. By focusing on emotions and feelings and what these do, the study also illustrates how the migration process affects the non-migrating partner as this partner engages in emotional labour to ‘make’ the migrating partner ‘Swedish.’ Through their the migrating partner, the non-migrating partner is also aligned in a way that makes them a little bit less ‘Swedish,’ contributing to the non-migrating partner being ‘stopped’ in ways they have usually not experienced before. The study further shows how migration processes produces inequality, and the difficulties that arise when the couples try to live up to the Swedish ideal of the equal relationship.

    The interviews are analyzed as narratives, and both narratives and storytelling are important throughout the dissertation, not only as the method used in the analysis but as the form of the dissertation, making it a kind of super structure organizing the writing. Writing (how to write accessibly and interesting) and reading (how to write in order to invite an open and active reading) are important aspects of the dissertation.

  • 3.
    Bahram, Haqqi
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Kurdish Guests or Syrian Refugees?: Negotiating Displacement, Identity and Belonging in the Kurdistan Region2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the conflict ongoing in Syria since 2011, many Syrian Kurds have been forced to leave their homes to seek safety and security in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Their displacement to KRI is a distinctive experience of migration as it has happened within an intra-ethnic setting of Syrian Kurds, as refugees, encountering Iraqi Kurds, as hosts. Sharing ethnic identification and imagination of a historical homeland but holding different nationalities, has turned identity and belonging into sites of contestation between the refugees and the hosts. Within this intra-ethnic setting of displacement, the study has investigated the construction of home and politics of identity and belonging among the refugees in relation to protection regimes and forms of inclusion and exclusion. This has been done through a content analysis of relevant policy and regulations for refugees in KRI and Iraq and a thematic analysis of individual narrative interviews with the refugees themselves. Research results from the policy analysis have indicated the lack of a comprehensive protection regime in Iraq and KRI, and the deployment of the ‘guests’ rhetoric towards the refugees as a responsibility evasion mechanism. Results from the interviews have revealed that home for the participants is plural, and it connects to Syria and Kurdistan to varying degrees. Their identity as Kurds is contested when their Syrianness is evoked with boundaries limiting their recognition to be both Syrian and Kurdish. Similarly, their belonging is challenged with their social position as refugees and their legal belonging to Syria. With this, they get involved into a continuum of politics of identity and belonging ranging between the situational demonstration of their Syrian identity and the role of ‘the successful Syrian refugee’, and the accentuation of their attachment to Kurdishness through belonging to Rojava. These politics have been discussed as reflecting a process of reconstructing Syrian Kurdish identity in the light of the experience of displacement and the intra-ethnic encounter. Contextualizing the research results in a wider perspective, it is argued that they carry further implications related to the Kurdish struggle with identity and belonging, not only in KRI, but in all the other parts of Kurdistan. 

  • 4.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Linköpings universitet.
    Att verka för jämlika arbetsplatser: en studie av jämlikhet och ojämlikhet mellan anställda i äldrevården2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten redovisar resultat från en studie på ett antal äldreboenden i en större svensk kommun. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur jämlikhet mellan olika grupper av anställda – i första hand mellan personer i befattningarna undersköterska och sjukvårdsbiträde – kan gynnas.

    Studien har genomförts av fyra forskare och bekostats av det statliga Vetenskapsrådet. Den är alltså varken beställd eller planerad av kommunen ifråga. Forskarna är helt ansvariga för alla delar av studiens uppläggning, genomförande och resultat.

  • 5.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialised employees in the Swedish elderly care sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 954-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården

  • 6.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungdomar, socialt kapital och stratifiering2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2016, p. 239-263Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungdomar, socialt kapital och stratifiering2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Borea , 2016, 3, p. 239-263Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Kostic, RolandInstitutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning, Uppsala universitet.Likic-Brboric, BrankaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Citizens at heart?: perspectives on integration of refugees in the EU after the Yugoslav wars of succession2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume is based on presentations made at the international conference “Citizens at Heart: Immigrant Integration in a European Perspective”, held at Uppsala University in March 2013. The book is a contribution to the growing literature investigating the aftermath of the violent dissolution of Yugoslavia and the processes of re-settlement and integration experienced by the refugees from Bosnia and Herzegvoina. In the midst of the present war in Syria and the heavy flows of refugees that are currently arriving in Europe, it is timely to revisit the integration experiences and transnational activities of the Bosnians who faced a similar fate some twenty years ago.

  • 9.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Behtoui, Reza
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörns högskola.
    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården2016In: Makt och inflytande i arbetslivet / [ed] Margaretha Holmqvist, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2016, p. 240-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bolander, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Beyond cultural racism: Challenges for an anti-racist sexual education for youth2018In: Youth, Sexuality and Sexual Citizenship / [ed] Peter Aggleton, Rob Cover, Deana Leahy, Daniel Marshall and Mary Lou Rasmussen, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 71-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyses sexual educational material in Sweden that aspires to a ‘norm critical’ agenda, i.e. which explicitly seeks to challenge norms regarding gender, sexuality, able-bodyness, race and ethnicity. The analysis is interested in the ways the material attempts to move beyond racialised notions of immutable cultural differences. We argue that while the material avoids reproducing stereotypes, it fails to develop an alternative way of conceptualising culture and its importance for sexuality. It also falls prey to a liberal discourse in its attempt to bridge differences by aspiring to universal rights. A more fruitful alternative, we suggest, would be to turn to a transversal politics so as to develop a form of sex education that can accommodate conflicting values, while treating culture in a non-essentialist way.

  • 11.
    Bredström, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gruber, Sabine
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Language, Culture and Maternity Care: "Troubling" Interpretation in an Institutional Context2015In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 58-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses language interpretation in the context of maternity health care. By scrutinising how maternity health care staff reflects upon their experiences from the everyday institutional setting, the article shows that they are caught between a discourse on language interpretation as migrants’ rights and a racialised discourse where language is intertwined with notions of ‘otherness’. As such, language interpretation becomes subsumed into a range of different practices that seek to discipline migrant women to meet the demands from Swedish society. In the article, therefore, the everyday practice by the health care staff is looked upon as a form of citizenship-making, and the article emphasises how racialised discourses take different shapes in different institutional contexts. Thus, the article shows that the practice of language interpretation cannot, in this context, be fully understood without including the larger socio-political context.

  • 12.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hertzberg, FredrikInstitutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholms universitet.Urban, SusanneLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Ålund, AleksandraLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillgång till utbildning är en förutsättning för jämlika levnadsvillkor och ett fullvärdigt medborgarskap. Men med en allt mer polari¬serad och etniskt skiktad arbetsmarknad är utbildning inte längre en tillräcklig förutsättning för social mobilitet, trots att samhället är mer beroende av kunskap och utbildning än någonsin.I denna bok beskrivs relationen mellan utbildning och möjligheten att uppnå de levnadsvillkor som det sociala medborgarskapet föreskriver. Vilka strategier utvecklar barn till invandrare för att övervinna hinder i samhället och erfarenheter av exkludering och stigmatisering? Framför allt fokuseras övergången mellan skola och arbete: Hur präglas utbildningsval och syn på arbete och karriär av sociala bakgrundsfaktorer som klass, kön och etnisk tillhörighet? Vilken betydelse har boendemiljön och den lokala skolan för valet av skola? Hur inverkar föräldragrupper, föreningar och andra sociala rörelser på övergången mellan skola och arbetsmarknad?

  • 13.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Crisis of Solidarity?: Changing Welfare and Migration Regimes in Sweden2016In: Critical Sociology, ISSN 0896-9205, E-ISSN 1569-1632, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Europe is in crisis. In recent years, there has been a rise of xenophobic parties in a number of European countries. While arguing that there is indeed a European crisis, this article focuses on the Swedish take on the crisis. The aim is to contribute to the understanding of migration, from a Swedish vantage point. This orientation has particular significance since Sweden has traditionally been extolled as defending human rights and multiculturalism by opening its doors to refugees – the so-called Swedish exceptionalism. Reality, however, is quite different and former policies are contested, raising the question whether this signals the end of this exceptionalism. In Sweden, ongoing processes are transforming the core social fabric of what was previously known as the Swedish model. It is potentially a bellwether for the transformation of a previously inclusive democratic society into something quite different, in which ‘the Other’ increasingly plays a defining role.

  • 14.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den nya svenska förortsrörelsen – viljan att höra hemma2018In: Förortsdrömmar: Ungdomar, utanförskap och viljan till inkludering / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, p. 181-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel kretsar kring just förorten som skådeplats för politiskt motstånd. Särskilt fokus riktas mot framväxten av en förortsrörelse bland förortens unga, en form av gräsrotsmobilisering som kretsar kring rumslig och social orättvisa (Sernhede m.fl. 2016; Ålund 2014b). Denna rörelse uttrycker ett lokalt förankrat, men translokalt förgrenat, motstånd mot den sociala exkludering som drabbar de boende och inte minst de unga i förortsområden runtom i landet (León Rosales & Ålund 2017). I denna organisering åberopar förortens unga sin rätt till hemmahörande på lika villkor. Rörelsen drivs av en stark vilja att höra till, artikulerad i en kamp för hemmastadiggörande. De unga kräver rätten till staden och till Sverige som inkluderande hem.

  • 15.
    Fejes, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mešić, Nedžad
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Svenska(r) från dag ett: En studie av ABFs verksamhet med asylsökande2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska(r) från dag ett är den andra forskningsrapporten i ABFs skriftserie folkbildning och forskning.

    Rapporten beskriver folkbildningen och specifikt ABFs verksamhet för asylsökande i satsningen ”Svenska från dag ett”. Den tar upp hur verksamheten bidrar till migranters sociala inkludering, hur lärandet organiseras och den speciella ovissa situation som deltagaren befinner sig i samt hur det påverkar ledare och lärandet.

    Den har tillkommit i samarbetet mellan ABF och Linköpings universitet och är en del av forskningsprogrammet Migration, lärande och social inkludering.

  • 16.
    Foultier, Christophe
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Empowering the Unprivileged: The Case of Self-renovation in Disadvantaged Areas2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 90’s; several European governments promoted the involvement of inhabitants as an important condition of success in urban regeneration projects. The dialogue with inhabitants was supposed to strengthen a collective movement in the neighbourhoods; to restore social and territorial cohesion and create a local identity among the residents of disadvantaged areas. However; a number of issues can be raised regarding this policy: the commitment of the inhabitants in the decision-making process is difficult to ascertain; especially throughout the whole duration of the project; and in relation to the management of the different stages of the project; it is not always easy to achieve consensus; etc. In particular; it is hard for the project managers to involve the most unprivileged groups; notably people suffering from a combination of social; legal and financial problems. The stake here is not simply their participation in a project; but more specifically their “empowerment”. In this framework; the methods of the French non-profit organization Les Compagnons Bâtisseurs are instructive. They provide micro solutions to people living in poor housing conditions through the conception and the implementation of a self-renovation process. The organization proposes technical and financial support so that the most disadvantaged groups can renovate their flats. However; the goal is not only to ameliorate the material living conditions; through the organization of workshops in the neighbourhood; the participation of the inhabitants in the renovation work; the coordination between the team of Compagnons Bâtisseurs and social workers; the social inclusion of the most unprivileged groups can be promoted.

  • 17.
    Foultier, Christophe
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban and social segregation: an analysis of the methods used in urban regeneration projects: Bilaga 2 till rapporten Socialt hållbar stadsutveckling – en kunskapsöversikt (Boverket 2010)2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On an initiative of the Swedish Government, Boverket has commanded an international study of methods and practices in urban regeneration and housing policies that allow tackling urban and social segregation. The focus should be on regeneration projects that aim at:

    • improving the quality of the housing stock,
    • mixing housing types,
    • renovating buildings.

    The purpose of the analysis was to understand the decision‐making processes, the project management, the financial contributions, the partnership engaged as well as the role of the participation of inhabitants in the process. Seven different countries have been chosen for their experience in this particular topic, notably England, Germany, Denmark, France, the United States, Canada and the Netherlands.

  • 18.
    Gavanas, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pensionärsplaneten: Spaniensvenskar och pensionsmigration i en globaliserad värld2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenskar som utvandrar till Spanien på ålderns höst är ett växande fenomen, men svenska Spanienpensionärer utmålas i medierna ofta som oförmögna att ”integrera sig” i det spanska samhället. Själva har Spanienpensionärerna tröttnat på myterna om att de är bortskämda golfare, skattesmitare eller salongsalkoholister som vägrar lära sig spanska och försöker återskapa ett ”Lilla Sverige” i Spanien. Hur ser pensionärernas liv ut i Spanien och hur ser villkoren ut för migranter och spanjorer som på olika sätt arbetar med dem? I Pensionärsplaneten möter vi ett brett spektrum av människoöden: folkpensionären, fattigpensionären, sjukpensionären och uteliggaren. Vi möter även människor (migranter och spanjorer) som på olika sätt arbetar med pensionsmigranter i Spanien. Utifrån dessa färgstarka berättelser och livsöden har Anna Gavanas, forskare i socialantropologi, skrivit en reportagebok som diskuterar teman kring internationalisering, global arbetsfördelning, arbetsvillkor och privatisering av äldreomsorg. Hon frågar sig hur villkoren för pensionsmigration kan jämföras med andra typer av migration. Hon väcker även en rad aktuella frågor om vilka migranter som anses mer önskvärda än andra, enligt vem och varför.

    Boken bygger på ett fyraårigt forskningsprojekt med stöd från Vetenskapsrådet och Forte.

  • 19.
    Gavanas, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Calzada, Ines
    Institute of Public Goods and Policies of the Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.
    Swedish retirement migrants in Spain: mobility and eldercare in an aging Europe2016In: Family life in an age of migration and mobility: Global Perspectives through the Life Course / [ed] Majella Kilkey, Ewa Palenga-Möllenbeck, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 237-259Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the neoliberal era, privatization and internationalization are of crucial importance to conditions for eldercare in the European Union (EU),including Sweden, which has one of the highest rates of public provisionin Europe. Swedish retirees are part of a growing stream of older Northern Europeans who migrate to Southern Europe, especially to coastal areas in Spain. There are about 90,000 Swedish citizens living in Spain (Hedlund 2011). During the retirement life course phase, circumstances change, highlighting that retirement is dynamic rather than one distinctive phase. When Swedish retirees in Spain become increasingly in need of eldercare, they find themselves in a country with one of the lowest rates of public provision in Europe, and are left with a patchwork of private solutions. The pieces in the ‘elderly care puzzles’ (Szebehely 2004) that form the patchwork of care around older persons depend on the accessibility and affordability of a number of options: public/private provision, social/volunteer networks, family situation, as well as the preferences and conditions of different groups of older persons. Gender, health,socio-economic conditions, as well as Swedish and Spanish provision of health- and eldercare influence the mobility of international retirement migrants (IRMs), especially in the case of widows and single women with low income. This chapter discusses the conditions for mobility and independent aging in relation to a wide range of Swedish IRMs in Spain. We illuminate the mobility of IRMs as Europeans in the context of Freedom of Movement, and its limits. Below we outline the welfare and migration context of Swedish retirement migration to Spain. Subsequently, we analyze the economic, gendered and health factors that circumscribe themobility and immobility of different IRMs.

  • 20.
    Genelyte, Indre
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lost in Mobility?: Labour Migration from Baltic Lithuania to Sweden2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis seeks to make both theoretical and empirical contributions to the understanding of intra-EU mobility, with a focus on labour migration from Lithuania to Sweden. Inspired by a critical realist perspective, the thesis aims to help to explain the dynamics and individual decision-making behind mass labour emigration from the Baltic states, its socioeconomic consequences and policy responses. Theoretically, the thesis proposes a model that synthesizes a social transformation approach with an extended version of Hirschman’s analytical framework of exit, voice and loyalty. The three empirical articles, based mainly on semi-structured interviews, are situated within this framework. Two of the articles seek to explain the migrants’ decision-making process of stay-exit-entrance in the context of the structural-institutional social changes that followed (1) independence from the Soviet Union in 1990; (2) EU accession in 2004; and (3) the 2008/2009 economic crisis with austerity. The third article brings into the debate the perspective of the sending Baltic countries, in a broader context of the East-West migration debate.   

    The dissertation shows that the consequences of the neoliberal policies of the post-communist and post-crisis transformations, together with the construction of formal migration channels after EU accession, constitute various migrant categories. Individual strategies of actively looking for channels to exit and enter, combining them in different ways at various points of the migratory process and establishing informal social networks are re-constituting who can be and who is a migrant. Furthermore, following the economic crisis and austerity measures, the decision to emigrate extends beyond individual survival strategies, instead becoming bound to an individual’s perception of the (ine)quality of life and pursuit of a better quality of life for oneself and one’s family across time and in different places. Finally, as the interviewed Baltic experts agree, the EU’s policy of the free movement is socially and economically problematic, although the official Baltic states’ policy responses focus primarily on ‘talented’ and ‘needed’ diaspora members’ return or engagement. These policies have proved to be inadequate to address demographic and socioeconomic challenges in part brought about by emigration.

    The structural-institutional conditions, states’ and migrants’ strategies engender mobility as a social norm in the sending countries and promote and constitute the perpetuation of migration of both ‘precarious labour migrants’ and ‘active talented EU mobile citizens’.

    List of papers
    1. Policy Response to Emigration from the Baltics: Confronting ‘The European Elephant in the Room’
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy Response to Emigration from the Baltics: Confronting ‘The European Elephant in the Room’
    2016 (English)In: Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market / [ed] Jon Erik Dølvik, Line Eldring, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016, 32, p. 45-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At a time when migration policy has moved to the centre of national and European policy agendas, the three Baltic states are taking their first steps towards building a cohesive policy response to emigration. This is especially important in the wake of the global financial crisis, which generated an increased outflow from the Baltic states.

    The Baltic states are facing variety of challenges in part caused by this movement of mainly working-age men and women: demographic issues related to an ageing society, labour market challenges and social security system sustainability. Within this context, the discussion of human resource losses is growing in the public sphere in the Baltic states.

    Based on interviews with experts in labour and migration in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and a review of key national policy documents, this article analyses the commonalities among and differences between these three countries’ national responses.

    Despite some variations in the characteristics and extent of emigration from the three countries, the interviewed experts agree that the European Union’s policy of free mobility is socially and economically problematic. As the interviews indicate, there have been strong calls in Latvia and Lithuania for a more cohesive intra-European migration management policy to address current imbalances between EU member states and ensure that the loss of human resources in sending countries is accounted for in the recruitment policies of receiving countries. On another hand, Estonia experiences more circular movement patterns and demonstrates a rather liberal view towards migration issues, seeing a virtue in the (regional) open market.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016 Edition: 32
    Series
    Book Series: Comparative Social Research, ISSN 0195-6310 ; 32
    Keywords
    Labour migration, intra-EU mobility, Baltic states
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141963 (URN)978-1-78635-442-6 (ISBN)978-1-78635-441-9 (ISBN)
    Funder
    Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-0338
    Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved
  • 21.
    Genelyte, Indre
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Policy Response to Emigration from the Baltics: Confronting ‘The European Elephant in the Room’2016In: Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market / [ed] Jon Erik Dølvik, Line Eldring, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016, 32, p. 45-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At a time when migration policy has moved to the centre of national and European policy agendas, the three Baltic states are taking their first steps towards building a cohesive policy response to emigration. This is especially important in the wake of the global financial crisis, which generated an increased outflow from the Baltic states.

    The Baltic states are facing variety of challenges in part caused by this movement of mainly working-age men and women: demographic issues related to an ageing society, labour market challenges and social security system sustainability. Within this context, the discussion of human resource losses is growing in the public sphere in the Baltic states.

    Based on interviews with experts in labour and migration in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and a review of key national policy documents, this article analyses the commonalities among and differences between these three countries’ national responses.

    Despite some variations in the characteristics and extent of emigration from the three countries, the interviewed experts agree that the European Union’s policy of free mobility is socially and economically problematic. As the interviews indicate, there have been strong calls in Latvia and Lithuania for a more cohesive intra-European migration management policy to address current imbalances between EU member states and ensure that the loss of human resources in sending countries is accounted for in the recruitment policies of receiving countries. On another hand, Estonia experiences more circular movement patterns and demonstrates a rather liberal view towards migration issues, seeing a virtue in the (regional) open market.

  • 22.
    Goldstein, Asher
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    The World is perishing, create art: Aesthetic projects of belonging in and to 'the green and pleasant land' and mare nostrum2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ramsten, Anna-Carin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forskningssamverkan i politik och praktik: En översikt av initiativ och metoder för utvärdering av forskningskvalitet och genomslag2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten har utformats med utgångspunkt i LiUs arbete med att, utifrån ett organisatoriskt perspektiv, utveckla stöd för forskningssamverkansprocesser samt dokumentera forskningens samhälleliga genomslag. Syftet med rapporten är att ge en översiktlig omvärldsanalys för forskningssamverkan då detta aktualiserats såväl nationellt som internationellt. Förhoppningen är att denna rapport ska fungera som ett diskussionsunderlag för miljöernas forskare i syfte att bidra till utvecklingen av den egna verksamheten. Vår ambition är att sätta samverkan i ett historiskt perspektiv men också bygga vidare på den samverkanstradition som präglar LiU. Även om fokus för denna rapport är Linköpings universitet tror vi att de problem och utmaningar som LiU står inför gäller för fler lärosäten.

  • 24.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'Crisis? What Crisis?: Why Sweden's Refugee Crisis Spending Should Be a Keynesian Lesson For All of Europe'2017In: This Century's Review: Journal For Rational Legal Debate, ISSN 2195-3422, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 12-17Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Refugee Keynesianism?: EU migration crises in times of fiscal austerity2017In: Austere histories in European societies: social exclusion and the contest of colonial memories / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Julia Willén, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 135-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Särbehandling (Kultur-Essä)2000In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. November, no 14Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Hellesen-Hansen, Alexander
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Försvarad demokrati?: -En analys av diskurserna kring FRA-lagens legitimering.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Försvarad demokrati är ett arbete som genom en diskursanalys tar sig en närmare titt på debatten år 2008 om en utökad FRA-lag med sikte på att kritiskt analysera hur partierna med hjälp utav olika diskurser behandlar och vrider begrepp för att få dem att överstämma med den egna idén om hur vi bör förhålla oss till hotet. Arbetet kommer också reflektera över hur vi i en allt mer flytande modern värld försöker gör det flytande och okända fast för att på så sätt få någon typ utav kontroll över det samhälle som vi skapat oss. Genom att belysa de politiska diskurserna kring hot och demokrati i debatten om en utökad FRA-lag bidrar arbetet till att skapa en förståelse kring hur människor i en demokrati med demokratiska ideal, så som integritet samt tryck- och yttrandefrihet, genom relationen till hot accepterar att bli systematiskt och storskaligt övervakade utav sin egen stat. Därav också övervakade av sin egen demokrati. 

  • 28.
    Horvat, Hargita
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    To Menstruate In Peace: Embodied experiences of menstruation during migration.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Female specific experiences of migration arelacking in mainstream migration studies, even though women make up almost half of the demographic of migrating people. Based on qualitative narrative interviews with six women the primary aim of this thesis is to show how the women negotiated their migrations from a primarily embodied theoretical approach which focuses on feelings in and ofthe body in relation to menstruation within the context of migration. The importance of viewing context or rather situationas constitutive for how women can ‘be’ or ‘not be’ women is decisive for the embodiment approach and provides an understanding for the prescriptive nature of norms in general and gender norms in particular. Overall, the situation of migration positioned the female gender norm and the innate bodily function of menstruation as a counterforce of agency for the women, severely limiting their scopes of agency leading to fear, hyper vigilance and self-policingin a manner that the women did not experience was present for men surrounding them. The additional mental strain that menstruation placedon the women severely aggravated their experiences of migration, a mental strain that was solely connected to fear in relation to their bodies.

  • 29.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    et al.
    Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur, Karlstads universitet, Karlstads univeristet.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden after the recent election: the double-binding power of Swedish whiteness through the mourning of the loss of “old Sweden” and the passing of “good Sweden”2015In: Debates in nordic gender studies: differences within / [ed] Cecilia Åsberg & Malin Rönnblom, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 43-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    An Aesthetic Education of Social Theory: Some Comments on Robin Wagner-Pacifici’s What is an Event?2018In: Distinktion Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, ISSN 1600-910X, E-ISSN 2159-9149, Vol. 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An essay on Robin Wagner-Pacifici's 'What Is and Event?' (2017). The essay argues that Wagner-Pacifici's book offers a platform from which it again becomes possible to rethink the relationship between system and transformation, and that this is precisely what the human and social sciences need if they are to retain their ability to critically interpret the dense fabric of late capitalist society and culture – a society of the spectacle if there ever was one, a world from heel to head made up by events. The essay assess Wagner-Pacifici's analytical apparatus of political semiosis, and it shows that aesthetics, and literary and visual interpretation, to a large extent explains why Wagner-Pacifici can make a tremendous contribution to a theory of political emergence. Finally, the essay argues that aesthetic theory offers an intersection where social theory and the theory of history may begin a new conversation about human agency, social change and historical experie

  • 31.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Clashing internationalisms: east European narratives of west European integration2016In: Europe faces Europe: narratives from its eastern half / [ed] Johan Fornäs, Bristol: Intellect Ltd., 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter analyzes how West European integration was viewed in communist Eastern Europe at the time of the foundation of the EU. Throughout the period from the Schuman declaration and the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 to the Treaty of Rome and the establishment of the European Economic Community in 1957, Moscow, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, and Warsaw reacted, in part by criticizing the West European integration project as a continuation of Europe’s imperial and capitalist past, in part by projecting ideas for a wholly different European and global integration project. While this debate was patterned on the cold war logic and the clash between capitalist and communist ideologies, it also contained a profound – and lasting – dispute regarding Europe’s geopolitical position and role, especially in relation to its African colonies. After the fall of the communist East, this dispute was apparently settled to the West’s favor, and it was then forgotten. Yet, varieties of the same dispute today reappear as the EU seeks to develop a foreign policy and global mission for the twenty-first century. By using sources mainly from the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic that have so far been largely neglected in scholarship, the chapter evinces a East-European narrative about Europe’s calling and destiny that merits particular attention in today’s emerging pluricentric world order.

  • 32.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Monstruösa historier: utkast till protestens poetik2016In: Historiens hemvist: Vol. 2: Etik, politik och historikerns ansvar / [ed] Patricia Lorenzoni, Ulla Manns, Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2016, p. 295-323Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines a central problem in historiography: how are radical social changes and political transformations represented in history? This problem concerns the figuration of agency and causality in historical explanations of revolutions and periods of sudden social disintegration and reintegration.

    A brief look at historiographies of modernity and modern society shows that ”the crowd” or ”the masses” – or, more generally, popular revolts and uprisings – are often introduced as explanations of such moments of transition. How do such explanations work, in which “the masses” are referred to as a historical causality and agent? To which extent can such explanations be seen as a general feature of histories of modern and contemporary history? These will be important questions in this essay.

    I draw examples and cases from 19th- and 20th-Century European historiography, historical sociology, history of literature and the arts.  In my earlier studies of the category of “the masses” in European political and cultural history, I have noted many such instances, from the French Revolution onward (Canetti offers a very interesting example, which I will perhaps focus on.) To make my discussion more relevant, I will also discuss reports and commentaries on the change and transformations that, allegedly, were generated by spontaneous collective movements in 2011–2013. What can a picture or an eyewitness account of the Tahrir Square in February 2011 tell us about historical causality?

    Underlying the notion of the crowd and the protesting collective as a historiographic motif in histories of modernity, there seems to be a certain understanding of collectivity as a trope or figure that, in a paradoxical sense, is introduced as a device for representing historical moments characterized by radical singularity – moments which are therefore ”unrepresentable” in an epistemological sense. Since masses and multitudes are plural agents marked by boundlessness and heterogeneity, they have apparently served historians well as explanations or causes of events that break existing political and social frames.

    The essay investigates whether this mode of explanation is empirical or figural, or both. Simply put, do crowds and collective revolts really explain historical transitions? Or do they serve mainly as tropes and substitutes, which impute some kind of causality and agency on events that are so complex that they surpass the explanatory power of historical categories or, indeed, of historiography as such?

  • 33.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Måsarna, monstren och 1968: Till protestens poetik2018In: Ord och bild, ISSN 0030-4492, E-ISSN 1402-2508, no 2–3, p. 11-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gängse historieskrivning behandlar kollektiva protester som länkar i den politiska demokratins historia i mer snäv bemärkelse. Protesten är här ett skiljetecken i en löpande text om hur olika representationsformer inrättas och förändras: rösträtten, partierna, de sociala rörelserna, de lagstiftande församlingarna samt alla andra organisationer, institutioner och instrument varigenom folksuveränen eftersökt ”klädnaden” som ”smiter åt tätt kring folkets kropp”, som Camille Desmoulins säger i Büchners drama Dantons död. Problemet är att historieskrivningen ägnat sig nästan helt åt klädnaden, de politiska formerna. Bara undantagsvis har vi intresserat oss för kroppen, den oformliga, föränderliga och av miljontals lemmar bestående begärsorganism med sitt stora överskott av ”massa”, som bara låter sig representeras partiellt, eller inte alls.

  • 34.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    På jakt efter de utsatta: En essä om prekariatet2012In: Tidskriften Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 3, p. 20-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sluta villkora minoritetens rättigheter2017In: Ska man tala med nazister?: Debatten kring bokmässan och Nya Tider / [ed] Mikael Löfgren, Göteborg: Nätverkstan , 2017, p. 121-125Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Where humanism finds its ends: Lessons from Pia Arke and Katarina Pirak Sikku on the difficulty of narrating the Arctic2016In: Studies in Travel Writing, ISSN 1364-5145, E-ISSN 1755-7550, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that any attempt to conceive of a new narrative of the postcolonial Arctic will fail if it does not also entail a new narrative of European history. It begins by asserting the strong afterlife of colonial narratives of the Arctic through the example of the author’s own difficulty in writing an authentic, ethically acceptable report about East Greenland. By drawing on further examples, and by introducing narratological theory, the article moves on to consider the colonial narrative of the Arctic. It argues that the prototypical colonial narrative of the Arctic is modelled on Moby-Dick: a hunting and whaling story in which the setting is made up of landscape, wildlife and indigenous populations. The colonial narrative is gradually transformed as the indigenous peoples of the Arctic leave the setting and become agents in the narrative. Indeed, it is only when the indigene attains the place of the subject telling the story that we can seriously claim to have a postcolonial narrative of the Arctic. The article goes on to analyse two instances of such transformations of the colonial narrative: the works of the Danish-Greenlandic visual artist and researcher Pia Arke and the Sami visual artist Katarina Pirka Sikku. Both question the narrating subject in travel literature and scientific discourse about the Arctic, reclaiming that position for themselves.

  • 37.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica: History of European Integration, ‘Compromise’ of Decolonization2018In: Europe Now. A Journal of Research and Art (online), no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between the history of European integration and the history of colonialism is best understood through a compelling geopolitical entity once known as Eurafrica. As we have shown in a recent book by that title, most efforts to unify Europe from 1920 to 1960 systematically coincided with efforts to develop and stabilize the colonial system in Africa. Eurafrica was also the name of the “compromise” of decolonization. It was the mediating institutional formation through which Africa and Europe exited the colonial era and entered a new world order where, just as the founders of the EEC had intended, their unequal relationship essentially remained unchanged. Today, even as the Eurafrican project is largely forgotten, the content of current EU policymaking towards its African “partner” demonstrates that its influence persists under the surface. The only way to comprehend the deep structures of current EU–African relations is to bring this history to life again, or at least bring it into the history books.

  • 38.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eurafrica Incognita: The Colonial Origins of the European Union2017In: History of the Present, ISSN 2159-9785, E-ISSN 2159-9793, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-32Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hansen, Peo
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    European Integration as a Colonial Project2018In: Routledge Handbook of Postcolonial Politics / [ed] Olivia U. Rutazibwa and Robbie Shilliam, London: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 32-47Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, studies of colonialism and imperialism focused primarily on once colonised societies where the traces and consequences of colonialism lay immediately open to anyone’s experience. In recent decades, and much due to postcolonial scholarship, which has disclosed that colonising societies were just as much influenced by colonialism as the colonised ones, there has also emerged an impressive body of research that traces colonialism’s influence on the national cultures and histories of a number of European states, and not just those that had explicit colonial ambitions. This research testifies to the fact that colonialism lingers on as a touchy and salient issue in national imaginaries and cultural identities, as well as in national high politics. Meanwhile, the urgency of a series of contemporary developments and projects should challenge research also to go beyond the methodological nationalism or, better, methodological colonial statism often inherent in such studies.In this chapter we attend to the ‘the European project’, or more specifically the project of European integration. Challenging received ideas in scholarship, we suggest a new point of departure for the analysis of the relation between Europe and Africa in the interwar and postwar eras. By demonstrating that the early European integration that culminated in the Treaty of Rome in 1957 in fact was a colonial enterprise that incorporated all the member states’ colonies within its institutional framework, we also point to the crucial implications that this has had for postcolonial relations between what is today the European Union and the former colonies in Africa.In reconceiving historical European integration as a colonial project, we also discuss the implications of this for contemporary conceptions of European integration. Provided that European integration in the postwar period to a large extent revolved around matters of trade, the EEC being a ‘customs union’, our intuition should tell us that such a project ought to have been deeply concerned with colonial affairs, particularly because the future of the French empire and its trading bloc seemed to hinge on France’s ability to preserve and consolidate its colonial economy. It should be equally safe to assume that the general political and geopolitical situation of the latter part of the 1940s and the 1950s, so profoundly marked by colonial crises and colonial wars, should have left a strong imprint on the various initiatives to bolster postwar Western European cooperation. To imagine that these circumstances did not affect European integration would be as counterintuitive as to imagine European integration to have been unaffected by the Cold War. Yet, this is how things are portrayed in just about all of today’s standard histories of European integration (see further Hansen and Jonsson 2014a). As a third and final task, then, the chapter seeks to clarify this puzzle and lacuna, focusing, inter alia, on the need to rethink the concepts and remodel the interpretive frames within which the history of European integration traditionally has been understood and explained.

  • 40.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Willén, JuliaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Austere histories in European societies: social exclusion and the contest of colonial memories2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Austere Histories in European Societies discusses how the current economic and political crisis in Europe affects not just our present but also our views and interpretations of the past. The contributions to the book examine a firmly defined problem: in which ways do crisis and decline in contemporary Europe trigger a selective forgetting and remodelling of the past? This problem is addressed through a set of questions, which the contributors to the collection address at various levels:

    • How do present policies of austerity and the ensuing social exclusion of migrants and minorities influence the perceptions and interpretations of the place of minorities, migrants and colonized peoples in European history?
    • How do new regimes of historiography and memory culture relate to emerging and established patterns of discrimination and social segmentation in today’s European societies?

     In seeking to answer these questions, the book makes a strong contribution to a European-wide discussion on the backlash against multiculturalism, diversity, and immigration, and on changing interpretations of the imperial and colonial systems that have shaped Europe’s position in the world.

    The point of departure for the collection is the recent turn of European societies toward more austere political regimes, entailing budget cuts, deregulation of labour markets, restrictions of welfare systems, securitization of borders, and new regimes of migration and citizenship. In the wake of such changes, new forms of social inclusion and exclusion appear that are justified through a reactivation of differences of race, class and gender. Against this backdrop, the book investigates contemporary understandings of history and cultural memory. Are we witnessing a turn toward austerity also in theories and practices of historiography, as well as in pedagogies of history? Can we speak of an austere historiography, an enforcement of conformity on Europe past and present?

    The contributions to the book examine, in both national and comparative perspective, how this development entails a privileging of certain narratives of the European past, whereas other parts of the cultural heritage are being weeded out. Strong interests are apparently at work to purge the histories of specific European nations, but also those of Europe, the West, and globalization from cultural plurality. The authors also discuss how heroic and homogeneous stories about the past of nations, regions, institutions and religions are being retold, reinvented, and re-launched. The book thus explores to what extent history (including public debate on history and history education) is again becoming “nationalistic”, and to what extent Europe’s proclaimed “cosmopolitanism” is being narrowed down so as to simply celebrate the achievements of Europe and posit the West as a model of universality to be emulated by others.

    Most chapters in the book focus on debates on history and colonial legacies in Britain, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Portugal, Sweden and Germany. They show how an increasing number of historians and intellectuals are again becoming blind to less gratifying parts of Europe’s history. While it is still too early to speak of a historical revisionism in the strict sense (for there are also strong counter-tendencies in parts of the academic community and postcolonial and migrant communities and organizations), the authors nonetheless argue that a transformation is under way, corresponding to a new politics of austerity that seems impatient with both democracy and the complexities of past. Among the sacrifices of this tendency are multiculturalism, postcolonial memories, and minority discourses of all kinds. What is lost is thus the very complexity and contradictoriness of Europe and the West. Especially, colonial and postcolonial memories are evicted from their recently claimed habitats in the European past, and again placed at the outskirts, far beyond the limit of the Western world. There is thus a strong correlation, which this collection aims to extract and analyze, between the ways in which migrant and migrant labourers are treated by present policies and the ways in which memories and experiences of migrants, minorities and colonized peoples are treated in historiography, historical pedagogy, and cultural heritage institutions.

  • 41.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Willén, Julia
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introducing austere histories2016In: Austere histories in European societies: social exclusion and the contest of colonial memories / [ed] Stefan Jonsson, Julia Willén, London: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this introductory chapter, we present the concept of ‘austere histories’ by situating it in the intersection of at least three contemporary issues, cultural contexts and academic discussions: first, discussions on Europe’s cultural memory and the precarious place of the colonial legacy in it; second, controversies on multiculturalism, racism, xenophobia and Europe’s migration crises; third and finally, the debate on austerity as policy and as ideology.

    We analyse how austerity turns economic concerns into moral and cultural ones and how it simultaneously remodels historical consciousness and conceptions of Europe’s colonial past. Examining how such processes in turn changes the relationships between classes, ethnic minorities, majorities and migrants, we seek to reveal how this affects the very definition and self-image of contemporary European Societies. Furthermore, we explore to what extent and in which ways present-day historical debate and practises of history writing support and legitimize the idea of ‘austerity’ and its social and political consequences, in the areas of citizenship, migration and social exclusion.

  • 42.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    East Carolina University, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Austerity, labour market segmentation and emigration: the case of Lithuania2015In: Industrial relations journal, ISSN 0019-8692, E-ISSN 1468-2338, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 236-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The so-called ‘Baltic model’ of austerity sometimes receives uncritical praise from advocates of tightened austerity. This model has achieved an almost uncontested vogue among international finance officials and European Union policy makers who portray it as a ‘socially costless’ template for other crisis economies. The article examines the impact of austerity on Baltic Lithuania, a peripheral newer EU member state, and suggests that the harsh austerity measures adopted by its government in order to restore fiscal balance have been far from socially costless. Austerity has accelerated fragmentation of the labour market into a differentially advantaged primary (largely public) sector, and an increasingly informalised secondary (low-skill manufacturing and services) sector, stimulating extraordinarily high levels of emigration as the population, especially younger persons, depart from the country. We describe this here as the formation of a new austeriat.

  • 43.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    East Carolina University, North Carolina, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Exodus from Lithuania: State, social disenfranchisement and resistance in an era of austerity2012In: Building justice in post-transition Europe?: processes of criminalisation within Central and Eastern European societies / [ed] Kay Goodall, William Munro and Margaret Malloch, London: Routledge, 2012, 1, p. 56-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the collapse of the Berlin wall in 1989 and disintegration of the Soviet Union, scholars focused on the problems of legal transitions within the newly emerging democracies. Two decades on, these states are in 'post-transition' conditions; having undergone and continuing to experience political, economic and constitutional upheavals to varying degrees. This book provides an interdisciplinary perspective on this largely unexamined topic. Part I of the book sets the scene with a socio-historical overview and a theoretical chapter; both of which contextualise the book within current debates and provide the theoretical direction of the book as a whole. The later chapters set out contrasting perspectives and consist of themed essays on individual legal systems, investigating these through approaches ranging from socio-legal study to political economy. The book aims to refine important directions for the comparative conceptual study of criminal law policy and processes of criminalisation in emerging democratic states. The result is a significant contribution to the understanding of this subject in the fields of criminology, law, philosophy and political science. The book will appeal to academics, policy-makers and practitioners who are attempting to grapple with the area of "transitions" in the fields of criminology, law, philosophy and political science. As a distinctively interdisciplinary text, it brings together analysis of both the social processes of creating (and abandoning) criminal law and a philosophical reflection. The book provides a comprehensive and critical analysis which points to future directions in criminalisation in the emerging democratic states of Eastern Europe.

  • 44.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Policing political protest in Lithuania2012In: Crime, law and social change, ISSN 0925-4994, E-ISSN 1573-0751, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 403-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes policing political protest in post-independent Lithuania. It argues that since the early 2000s, policing of political protest as an issue has increased in importance as Lithuania has experienced political mobilization and radicalization among groups disadvantaged by post-socialist reforms. It is suggested that police responses reveal precursor tendencies towards growing authoritarianism which has become more visible in the most recent period. In 2008, the onset of deep economic crisis across the region has generated rising social unrest (including outbreaks of street riot) as a result of government adoption of severe austerity measures. The article examines the growing centralization and militarization of policing and the increasing criminalization of public protest, as well as the restriction and litigation of organized dissent by authorities. At the same time, it also points to the internal contradictions of austerity programs which lack popular legitimacy both at the level of the state and society, including more vocal and militant labor unions; increasing challenges to the drift towards a new authoritarianism by the courts; and, paradoxically, the emergence of growing labor unrest within police force itself, with the potential to undermine authoritarian tendencies in policing ‘from within.’ The wider implications of (re)turn to post-communist authoritarianism to public order policing are discussed.

     

  • 45.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    East Carolina University, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'Safety Crime' in Neoliberal Post-communist Society: The collapse of the Maxima supermarket in Riga, Latvia2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The causes of disaster, both immediate and underlying, that resulted in 54 fatalities in Riga in November 2013 are analyzed in this paper. The collapse of the Maxima supermarket is seen as a safety failure resulting from longer-term deregulation in Latvia encouraged by external advisors such as the World Bank and the EU, and the specific crisis-induced drive to minimize regulation by local political actors, especially in the aftermath of ongoing austerity. The paper raises the issue of what is a ‘safety crime’ in the context of post-communist Baltic states, and asks whether the notion of ‘corporate killing’ or corporate manslaughter is applicable to the circumstances of the disaster. The paper suggests the need to establish accountability for social harms caused by the unfettered pursuit of private profit over public safety.

  • 46.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    University of East Carolina, NC, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Lithuanian labor market under the impact of crisis: the formation of the new austeriat2014In: The contraditions of austerity: the socio-economic costs of the neoliberal Baltic model / [ed] Jeffrey Sommers and Charles Woolfson, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 87-117Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The great economic recession was experienced with particular severity in the Baltic states. In response, Baltic governments introduced harsh austerity programmes known as ‘internal devaluation.’ The article argues that austerity measures combined with the effects of previous massive EU financial transfers have accelerated the fragmentation of the labour market into a differentially advantaged primary (largely public) sector, and an increasingly ‘informalized’ secondary (largely low-skill manufacturing and services) sector. Taking Lithuania as an example, it is argued that the production of a segmented labour market has acted as a major stimulus to high levels of emigration from Lithuania, shaping anticipatory educational choices and preferences, despite signs of economic recovery. This sustained outflow of migrants appears counterintuitive to the expected outcomes of simple “push” and “pull” explanations. In the absence of state policy to address a gathering sociodemographic crisis that is the specific but largely unacknowledged legacy of radical austerity measures, this chapter examines the constitutive dynamics of the latest wave of emigration from Lithuania.

  • 47.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    East Carolina University, NC 27858 USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The lmoral discourses of post-crisis neoliberalism: a case study of Lithuanias Labour Code reform2017In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 132-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article problematizes the neoliberal reconfiguration of labour rights in Lithuania, a newer European Union member state, in which the impacts of the global economic and financial crisis were particularly severe and where radical austerity measures were subsequently imposed. Now, after six years, in an attempt to resolve the exhaustion of previous austerity-based solutions for economic recovery, a new Labour Code is being introduced which will further weaken labour protections and labour rights. This article analyses conflicting positions in current debates over Labour Code reform. It attempts to map the mobilization of strategic discursive resources in an unfolding dialogical moral politics of Labour Code reform in the current conjuncture of postcrisis. Theoretically, this article draws upon the seminal work of the early Soviet Marxist scholar V. N. Voloshinov in proposing a dialogical method which foregrounds the interconnections of language, class and ideology.

  • 48.
    Juska, Arunas
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The moral discourses of ‘post-crisis’ neoliberalism: a case study of Lithuania’s Labour Code reform2016In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 132-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article problematizes the neoliberal reconfiguration of labour rights in Lithuania, a newer European Union member state, in which the impacts of the global economic and financial crisis were particularly severe and where radical austerity measures were subsequently imposed. Now, after six years, in an attempt to resolve the exhaustion of previous austerity-based solutions for economic recovery, a new Labour Code is being introduced which will further weaken labour protections and labour rights. This article analyses conflicting positions in current debates over Labour Code reform. It attempts to map the mobilization of strategic discursive resources in an unfolding dialogical ‘moral’ politics of Labour Code reform in the current conjuncture of ‘postcrisis’. Theoretically, this article draws upon the seminal work of the early Soviet Marxist scholar V. N. Voloshinov in proposing a dialogical method which foregrounds the interconnections of language, class and ideology.

  • 49.
    Kallaste, Epp
    et al.
    Estonian Center for Applied Research CentAR, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Woolfson, Charles
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Negotiated responses to the crisis in the Baltic countries2013In: Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research, ISSN 1024-2589, E-ISSN 1996-7284, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 253-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the negotiated responses to the crisis at different levels of social dialogue in the Baltic countries. The Baltic countries form a relatively coherent group of small open economies that can be classified as belonging to the neoliberal type of central and eastern European capitalism. Their responses to the crisis were consistent with such classification: flexible labour markets absorbed the main impacts of the crisis through rapid increases in unemployment, as well as nominal and real drops in wages. A negotiated response was either not sought at all by governments or was of minor importance at all levels of interaction between the social partners. If anything, national-level social dialogue deteriorated, remaining at a low level even after the crisis had peaked. Based on qualitative examples from Estonia and Lithuania we show that, at company level, responses to the crisis varied.

  • 50.
    Kings, Lisa
    et al.
    Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Södertörn Högskola .
    Ålund, Aleksandra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    Mångkulturell centrum, Tumba.
    Contesting urban management regimes: the rise of urban justice movements in Sweden2016In: Solidarity without borders: Gramscian perspectives on migration and civil society alliances / [ed] Óscar García Agustín, Martin Bak Jørgensen, Chicago: Pluto Press, 2016, , p. 186-203p. 186-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Addressing segregation, racism and welfare transformation, a new form of grassroots mobilization among young adults is emerging in the peripheries of Swedish cities. The common denominator is that they define themselves as urban justice movements – with place as the social ground for mobilization. With a Gramscian perspective, the article analysis the rise of urban justice movements in relation to contemporary urban policies in Sweden. We argue that Swedish urban policies during the last 20 years have created a hegemonic urban management regime underpinned by area based programs with a focus on network steering and new forms of partnership between civil society and public institutions. The emergence of urban justice movements is here understood in relation to firsthand negative experience of– and later active revulsion from – having participated in activities and issues related to the urban management regime. These experiences have been a key condition for the beginning of a broader struggle that merges local rootedness with wider structural-institutional conditionality.

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