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  • 1.
    Barimani, Mia
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Division for Reproductive Health, Women's and Children's Health, Sweden.
    Vikström, Anna
    Karolinska Institutet, Neurobiologi, Vårdvetenskap och Samhälle (NVS), Sektionen för omvårdnad, Sweden.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Berlin, Anita
    Karolinska Institutet, Neurobiologi, Vårdvetenskap och Samhälle (NVS), Sektionen för omvårdnad.
    Facilitating and inhibiting factors in transition to parenthood – ways in which health professionals can support parents2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 537-546Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The transition to parenthood is an overwhelming life event. From a theoretical perspective, transition to parenthood is a developmental transition that contains certain phases and patterns.

    Aim

    This study aim was twofold (i) discover, describe and comprehend transitional conditions that parents perceive as facilitating and inhibiting during transition to parenthood and to (ii) use that knowledge to develop recommendations for professional interventions that support and facilitate transition to parenthood.

    Design

    Meleis transition theory framed the study's deductive qualitative approach – from planning to analysis.

    Methods

    In a secondary analysis, data were analysed (as per Meleis transition theory) from two studies that implemented interviews with 60 parents in Sweden between 2013 and 2014. Interview questions dealt with parents’ experiences of the transition to parenthood – in relation to experiences with parent-education groups, professional support and continuity after childbirth.

    Ethical issues

    A university research ethics board has approved the research.

    Results

    These factors facilitated transition to parenthood: perceiving parenthood as a normal part of life; enjoying the child's growth; being prepared and having knowledge; experiencing social support; receiving professional support, receiving information about resources within the health care; participating in well-functioning parent-education groups; and hearing professionals comment on gender differences as being complementary. These factors inhibited transition to parenthood: having unrealistic expectations; feeling stress and loss of control; experiencing breastfeeding demands and lack of sleep; facing a judgmental attitude about breastfeeding; being unprepared for reality; lacking information about reality; lacking professional support and information; lacking healthcare resources; participating in parent-education groups that did not function optimally; and hearing professionals accentuate gender differences in a problematic way.

    Conclusion

    Transition theory is appropriate for helping professionals understand and identify practices that might support parents during transition to parenthood. The study led to certain recommendations that are important for professionals to consider.

  • 2.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Barimani, Mia
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berlin, Anita
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
    ”I Didn’T Fit In” – Reasons For Not Attending Parental Education Groups In Antenatal And Child Health Care2019In: The 21st Congress of the Nordic Federation of Midwives - Midwifery Across Borders - in Reykjavik, Iceland, 2-4 May 2019, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background – In Sweden expectant and new parents are offered parental education groups (PE) during pregnancy in Antenatal Care (AC) and after delivery in Child health Care (CHC) with the goal of preparing for childbirth and parenthood. Parents also seek information from  other sources such as the webb and magazines to gain information. Nevertheless, many parents feel unprepared for parenthood. During pregnancy and the time closest to childbirth is an important part of the transition to parenting and parents are very receptive to advice and information. To gain more knowledge about parents’ participation in PE the aim of this study was to explore expectant and new parents’ reasons to participate or not participate in PE.

     

    Method – A web questionnaire including open questions was answered by 915 parents with children aged 0 to 21 months. Open questions about (a) reasons to not participate, (b) anything that could change their mind and (c) parenting support instead of the PE was analyses using content analysis.

     

    Findings – The parents expressed reasons not to attend on an individual, group and organizational level. At an individual level they expressed personal reasons or that they had other forms of support. When it came to the group level the parents asked for more heterogeneity and openness regarding both the groups’ content and methods, not excluding parents and that parents’ different interests could be accommodated within the group. Reasons for not attending PE at organizational level were due to lack of information or invitation from AC or CHC, or that  PE was not available.

     

    Conclusion

    Parents ask for more nonconformity and diversity in PE. Despite of different approaches or attitudes all parents should be able to feel included in a way that would be relevant for them to participate in PE.

     

  • 3.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Institutionen för Individ och Samhälle. Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, Sverige.
    Berlin, Anita
    Omvårdnad, Institutionen för neurobiologi, vårdvetenskap och samhälle, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Sverige .
    Barimani, Mia
    Allmänmedicin och primärvård, Institutionen för Neurobiologi, vårdvetenskap och samhälle, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Föräldragrupper inom mödra- och barnhälsovård: forskning, tillämpning och metoder om ledarskap för välfungerande grupper2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här texten vänder sig till er som leder eller ska leda föräldragrupper. Med föräldragrupper menar vi de grupper som fungerar som stöd för blivande och nyblivna föräldrar, dvs. det handlar om föräldragrupper på mödrahälsovården (MHV) för blivande föräldrar som leds av barnmorskor och föräldragrupper inom barnhälso­vården (BHV) för nyblivna föräldrar som leds av barnsjuksköterskor eller distrikts­sköterskor. Texten är uppdelad på 7 kapitel. I det första kapitlet tar vi upp de stödjande aktivi­te­ter som riktas till blivande och nya föräldrar. Kapitel ett omfattar också vad övergången till vad föräldraskap innebär, både det som kan vara fysiskt och psykiskt påfrestande men också utvecklande. Vi kommer även in på grupper av nya föräldrar som kan behöva extra stöd, t.ex. ensamstående, samkönade, unga föräldrar och föräldrar som inte pratar svenska. I kapitel två flyttar vi fokus till vad det är som ska stödjas–barnens och föräldrarnas behov. Kapitel tre behandlar föräldrarnas förväntningar och tankar om föräldra­grupper–vad vill föräldrar att för­äldragrupper ska ta upp och hur vill de att de ska genomföras. I kapitel fyra riktas till ledaren och ledarrollen. Vi kommer in på olika förhållningssätt kopplat till att vara ledare, men också att skapa förutsättningar för ett lärande för deltagande föräldrar. Vi granskar hur den profession­ella rollen ser ut, men också svårigheterna med att uppfylla alla de förväntningar som finns på ledare för föräldragrupper. Femte kapitlet tar upp hur gruppen fungerar och vad som kan underlätta, men också försvåra arbetet med en grupp. Det handlar bl.a. om hur man skapar trygghet, om roller, normer och strukturer i en föräldragrupp. Vi avslutar med två kapitel som har fokus på strategier och metoder för att lättare kunna tackla potentiella problem och svårigheter, som man kan uppleva finns i föräldragrupper, och istället vända det till något positivt. I dessa två kapitel beskriver vi kooperativt lärande och kollegial handledning och ger också konkreta idéer på hur dessa två metoder eller strategier kan tillämpas på föräldra­gruppen.

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    Föräldragrupper inom mödra- och barnhälsovård
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  • 4.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Barimani, Mia
    Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Berlin, Anita
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Cooperative learning in parental education groups – child healthcare nurses’ views on their work as leaders and on the groups2022In: Children's health care, ISSN 0273-9615, E-ISSN 1532-6888, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New parents are offered parental education groups as a way to support their transition to parenthood. Interactive approaches in these groups are of importance, but studies have reported a lack of activities that support interaction. Cooperative learning is a structured method when working with groups and based on five elements essential to maximizing the cooperative potential of groups. The aim was to investigate the leadership skills of child healthcare nurses as leaders for parental education groups, their ideas about creating conditions for well-functioning groups, and what is required to achieve this. The results were analyzed and discussed using social interdependence theory as a framework and especially the five elements of cooperative learning. Further, the study used a qualitative descriptive design, and eight qualitative interviews were analyzed deductively using thematic analysis. The results showed that in their narratives the nurses display vocational knowledge and describe conditions important for their groups from a cooperative learning perspective. Nevertheless, the results indicate that the nurses had difficulty explicitly instructing parents to use their personal experiences and social skills to get groups to function effectively. Knowledge developed in the workplaces from the experience of leading groups is mostly implicit, and formal knowledge and awareness of leadership is necessary for development of the role.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berlin, Anita
    Karolinska Institutet, Neurobiologi, Vårdvetenskap och Samhälle (NVS), Sektionen för omvårdnad.
    Barimani, Mia
    Karolinska Institutet, Division for Reproductive Health, Women's and Children's Health.
    With or without the group: Swedish midwives' and child healthcare nurses' experiences in leading parent education groups2016In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 899-907Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe and to understand midwives’ and child health care nurses’ experiences of working with parent education groups through their descriptions of the role and what they find rewarding and challenging in that work. Data were collected through three open-ended questions from a web survey: “How do you refer to your role when working in parent education?” “What is the biggest challenge or difficulty for you when working in parent education?” and “What is most rewarding when working in parent education?” The answers were analysed by using qualitative content analysis and correlation analysis. The results show that the midwives and child health care nurses either included or excluded the group when describing their role as leaders and their influence on parents. The same applies to what they found rewarding and what was difficult and challenging for them in working with the groups. Primarily, the leaders who excluded the group expressed a lack of competence on a professional level in managing groups and using the right teaching methods to process the knowledge content. One important question to deal with is how to best support midwives and nurses in child health care to be prepared for working with parent education groups. One obvious thing is to provide specialized training in an educational sense. An important aspect could also be providing supervision, individually or in groups.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berlin, Anita
    Barimani, Mia
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Föräldrar är inga passiva mottagare av kunskap2015In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Barimani, Mia
    Division for Reproductive Health, Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berlin, Anita
    Neurobiologi, Vårdvetenskap och Samhälle (NVS), Sektionen för omvårdnad, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    How to support midwives when working with parent education groups2016Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 7 of 7
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