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  • 1.
    Gagiu, Răzvan-Florin-Rainer
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design.
    Abin, Kakkattil Paulose
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design.
    Modeling and Simulation of novel Environmental Control System for a combat aircraft2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis deals with the analysis of Environmental Control System (ECS) as a part of the aircraft conceptual design. The research focuses on developing methods for modelling, simulation and optimization of current and future cooling technologies suitable for aircraft applications. The work started with a pre-study in order to establish the suitability of different cooling technologies for ECS application. Therefore, five technologies namely, Bootstrap (BS), Reverse-Bootstrap (RBS), vapour cycle system (VCS), magnetic cooling (MC) and thermo-electric cooling (EC), were assessed from a theoretical point of view by the method of benchmarking. This resulted into the selection of three most suitable technologies that were further modelled and simulated in Dymola. In order to compare the optimum designs for each technology, the models were optimized using the modeFRONTIER software. The comparison was performed based on the optimum ratio of maximum power of cooling and minimum fuel penalty. The results showed that VCS has the “best” performances compared to BS and RBS. In addition to the active technologies, passive cooling methods such as liquid cooling by means of jet-fuel and poly-alpha-olefin were considered to address high heat transfer rates. In order to apply the cooling technologies in the ECS, concept system architectures were formulated using the functional analysis. This led to the identification of basic functions, components and sub-systems interaction. Based on the comparison carried out previously and the functional analysis, two ECS architectures were developed. Design optimization procedure was applied further in order to assess each concept and also to study the differences between the two concept architectures. The results depict the complex interaction of different key parameters of the architectures and their influence on the outcome. The study culminated with a proposed methodology for formulation of systems architecture using information from the optimization results and a robust functional analysis method. To sum up, the thesis proposes a simulation-based optimization method that allows inclusion of ECS system in aircraft conceptual design phase. The study also proves the complexity of the conceptual design stage for ECS architectures which highly influences the design of the combat aircraft.

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