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  • 1.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘Growth with equity’ and regional development: distributional consequences of agglomeration in Taiwan2015In: Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, ISSN 1354-7860, E-ISSN 1469-9648, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 271-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates long-term distributional effects of regional agglomeration. We analyse changes in relative incomes for different educational and occupational categories in Taiwan from 1976 to 2006, a period during which the country underwent fundamental structural change from labour-intensive to knowledge-intensive industry and increasing globalisation of the economy. Long-term patterns derived from repeated estimations of cross-sectional micro-level data from 31 consecutive annual household surveys show that less-educated groups are not systematic losers of the transformation as positive externalities of agglomeration are both significant and widespread in the leading region. The famous pattern of ‘growth with equity’ in Taiwan has, however, become a regional rather than a national feature.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    The Opening of the North-South Divide: Cumulative causation, household income disparity and the regional bonus in Taiwan 1976-20052012In: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, ISSN 0954-349X, E-ISSN 1873-6017, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 170-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades regional income divergence seems to have reappeared in both developed and developing countries. In Taiwan–a renowned case of growth with equity–regional per capita income was converging until the early 1990s after which it began to diverge. With the help of modeled annual household survey data from 1976 to 2005 we indicate the magnitude of a regional bonus and discuss reasons behind the re-opening of the North-South income divide in Taiwan. Our analysis suggests that this process is a consequence of cumulative causation connected to the advent of the rise of ICT industry in conjunction with changes in Taiwan's political economy which provided relatively more advantageous economic opportunities for the industrial structure of the leading region.

  • 3.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Ethnic background, labor market attachment and severe morbidity: Hospitalization among immigrants in Sweden 1990-20012008In: Jounal of International Migration and Integration, ISSN 1488-3473, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 45-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines differences in health among immigrants in Sweden from 1990 to 2001. Controlling for demographic characteristics, most immigrant groups display higher rates of hospitalisation than native Swedes, but when socio-economic factors are introduced, only Nordic immigrants display rates that are significantly higher than for Swedish-born individuals. High rates of hospitalisation among immigrants compared to Swedes seem to be explained by the socio-economic situation in Sweden rather than health conditions and socio-economic circumstances before immigration. There is a strong correlation between weak labour market integration and high levels of severe morbidity in non-Nordic immigrant groups.

  • 4.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Etnisk bakgrund, integration och sjuklighet: Slutenvård bland invandrare i Sverige 1990–20012007In: Working Papers in Social Insurance, ISSN 1653-1353, no 1, p. 1-28Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze to what extent differences in health between groups of different origin remain after considering differences in education, income and labor market status, and whether there exists any patterns according to the socioeconomic character of the country of origin.

    Design: The study is based on two data sources; Longitudinal Database for Education, Income and Employment, (LOUISE) and the Hospital Discharge

    Register (HDR). The data set consists of all Swedish and foreign born individuals born in 1945, 1955 and 1965, who were Swedish residents in 1990. The risk of hospitalization is analyzed for the period 1990–2001 using binomial logit regression.

    Results: When only demographic characteristics are controlled for, most immigrant groups display higher rates of hospital discharge records than native Swedes, but when education, income and labor market status is introduced into the model, only Nordic immigrants display levels of severe morbidity that are significantly higher than the levels for Swedish born. Among welfare recipients, only immigrants from Finland display higher levels of severe morbidity than native Swedes; most immigrant groups display significantly lower levels of severe morbidity than native Swedes. The analysis shows no evidence of a systematic relationship between health status and the socioeconomic character of the country of origin.

    Conclusion: Higher levels of severe morbidity among immigrants compared to Swedes seem to be explained by the socioeconomic situation in Sweden, rather than health conditions and socioeconomic circumstances before immigration. There is a strong correlation between a weak labor market integration and high levels of severe morbidity in non-Nordic immigrant groups.

  • 5.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Flyktingskap och återvandring. Exilen som temporärt tillstånd2008In: Lund Papers in Economic History, ISSN 1101-346X, no 108, p. 1-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 6.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i Linköpings kommun2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en uppdatering av en rapport som skrevs för ett år sedan på uppdrag av Norrköpings och Linköpings kommuner. Förra årets rapport var en kartläggning av företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i de två kommunerna under år 2004. Efter presentation av rapporten ville man från Linköpings kommuns sida få en uppföljning eftersom data för år 2006 nu var tillgängliga för analys. Uppdraget var att fokusera på den specifika situationen i Linköpings kommun, snarare än en översikt över situationen i de två kommunerna. Kartläggningen ska ge en bild över den specifika situationen för företagare med utländsk bakgrund, att tjäna som underlag för Linköpings kommun i deras arbete för främjande av företagande i kommunen, samt att fungera som ett diskussionsmaterial för vidare forskning kring invandrarföretagandets lokala och regionala struktur. Rapporten är även tänkt att fungera som ett bakgrundsmaterial till en fördjupad undersökning kring hur företagare med utländsk bakgrund ingår i och anväder olika typer av nätverk. Uppdraget för rapporten är att dels kartlägga vilken typ av företag som drivs av invandrare och personer med utländsk bakgrund i kommunen och dels att beskriva företagarnas bakgrundskarakteristika. Kartläggningen gäller uppgifter från 2006, vilket är det senaste år för vilket data finns tillgängliga.

  • 7.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Integration bidrar till hälsa2007In: Tidskriften Välfärd, ISSN 1651-6710, no 4, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    De flesta invandrargrupper i Sverige har en större sannolikhet än infödda svenskar att bli inskrivna för vård på sjukhus. En närmare analys visar att detta kan förklaras med skillnader i gruppernas socioekonomiska situation. En svag anknytning till den svenska arbetsmarknaden är förknippad med en högre risk för ohälsa som i sin tur leder till sjukhusvård.

  • 8.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kartläggning av invandrarföretagande i Norrköping och Linköping2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport har sammanställts mot bakgrund av att Norrköpings och Linköpings kommuner har uttryckt ett behov av en kartläggning av invandrarföretagandet i regionen. Kartläggningen är tänkt att tjäna som underlag för kommunerna i deras arbete för främjande av invandrares företagande i regionen, men även fungera som ett diskussionsmaterial för vidare forskning kring invandrarföretagandets lokala och regionala struktur. Uppdraget för rapporten är att dels kartlägga vilken typ av företag som drivs av invandrare och personer med utländsk bakgrund i kommunerna och dels att beskriva företagarnas bakgrundskarakteristika. Kartläggningen gäller uppgifter från det senaste år för vilket data finns tillgängliga, vilket i skrivande stund innebär år 2004.

  • 9.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Older Immigrants Leaving Sweden2013In: Return migration in later life: international perspectives / [ed] John Percival, Bristol: Policy Press, 2013, p. 21-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This timely book contains ground-breaking studies of migration flows of older people in North America, Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, South Asia, and Australia to explain how and why people in later life return to their country of origin.

  • 10.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Department of Economic History, Lund University, Lund.
    Refugee Return Migration: Return Migration from Sweden to Chile, Iran and Poland 1973-19962007In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 579-598Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, return migration from Sweden to three sources of refugee immigration is analysed, with a focus on the effect of political change in 1990. Chilean immigrants reacted more strongly to political liberalization in the home country than Polish immigrants did, primarily due to more favourable economic circumstances in Chile compared to Poland in the 1990s. In fact, the increase in Polish return migration propensity after 1990 is not statistically different from the Iranian increase, in spite of the absence of political liberalization in Iran. There are significant cohort differences within the Chilean group, indicating an element of economically motivated migration within the last waves of Chilean refugee immigration in the late 1980s. Hence, successful implementation of schemes of voluntary return migration for refugees will not only be dependent on an improved political situation in the source country, but will also be highly dependent on economic circumstances.

  • 11.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Retirement Return Migration from Sweden2006In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 153-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with return migration among immigrants in Sweden who are between 51 and 80 years old. An important question regards the impact of retirement on return migration. Some circumstances connected to the withdrawal from the labour market suggest an increased propensity to return, such as the transition from a wage income to a pension, which weakens the link between place of residence and income. In addition, patterns of return migration at the end of working life may indicate whether or not temporary migration is a planned strategy. It is found that when reaching the age of 65, the legal retirement age in Sweden, the probability of return migration increases, in particular for men. The effect of retirement is immediate; the probability of return migration declines again beyond the age of 65, indicating a conscious plan to return to the home country when the labour market career is over.

    Furthermore, immigrants who receive early retirement compensation have a considerably higher probability of return migration compared to those who are not retired. These clear “retirement effects” show that return migration can be an important ingredient in the welfare optimization strategies of migrants. When it comes to income selectivity, the analysis shows that there is a positive selection, something that is expected when migrants are target savers with a temporary migration strategy.

  • 12.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Department of Economic History, Lund Unviversity.
    Return Migration from Sweden: A Longitudinal Analysis2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Return migration is one of the least studied areas within migration research, although it has major implications for both sending and receiving societies. The importance of the phenomenon is shown by the fact that more than 50 percent of the immigrants who arrived in Sweden in 1970 had returned after twenty years. This book deals with return migration from Sweden by immigrants from the major non-Nordic sources of immigration in the period 1968-1996. Using longitudinal micro level data, the study provides a detailed analysis of the immigrants’ migratory behavior. The results show that return migration to a large extent is determined by economic factors, such as individual income performance and the economic circumstances in the home country relative to Sweden. The deteriorated labor market situation for immigrants has led to an increase in return migration by highly skilled migrants, but not increased return migration in general. An important conclusion is that economic marginalization does not explain return migration. Regarding refugee immigrants, the decision to return does not only depend on the political situation in the home country; it is also highly dependent on economic circumstances. Different economic opportunities in Poland and Chile after democratization in 1990 explain the large differences in return migration to these countries.

  • 13.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillfällig asyl försvårar integration2008In: I&M Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1414-6857, no 2-3, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Permanent uppehållstillstånd är en förutsättning för att kunna planera ett liv. Det bör ges så fort som möjligt för att flyktingen ska kunna bygga en trygg framtid. En längre tids osäkerhet skapar marginalisering som är svår att bryta.

  • 14.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Verksamhetsberättelse 2017: Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier CKS2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2017 fyllde CKS 20 år, vilket firades med att den årliga kommundagen uppgraderades till en högtidlig jubileumsdag, som ägde rum den 16 november i Norrköping. Inför jubiléet gav CKS ut en antologi med namnet Att äga framtiden, i vilken en lång rad forskare, kommunföreträdare och debattörer medverkar. Förutom den upplaga som delades ut inför jubiléet, har boken efterfrågats från många håll.

    Vid sidan av antologin, där flera av CKS medarbetare medverkar, har forskarna vid CKS fortsatt att publicera sig i olika vetenskapliga sammanhang, med internationella tidskrifter och antologier, rapportserier och populärvetenskapliga sammanhang som exempel.

    År 2017 har också varit ett år då det blivit tydligt att CKS verksamhet expanderar. Ett nytt samarbetsavtal med Region Östergötland har trätt i kraft under 2017 som en viktig förstärkning av förutsättningarna för forskning om lokala och regionala frågor, samt kopplingarna däremellan. Nya forskningsmedel från externa finansiärer har landats av forskare på CKS, ofta i samarbete med forskare på andra avdelningar vid LiU eller på andra universitet. Sammantaget har dessa nya medel, tillsammans med grundfinansieringen från kommunerna och universitetet, skapat möjligheter att förstärka kompetensen inom CKS olika kunskapsfält genom rekryteringar av såväl forskare, som postdoktorer och forskningsassistenter. Via gästforskarprogrammet, egna konferenser och workshops har forskningsverksamheten ytterligare förstärkts.

    Inom CKS Lärande fortsatte under 2017 den viktiga utåtriktade verksamheten med en rad seminarier och lärandetillfällen för kunskapsutbyte mellan forskare, politiker, tjänstemän och en intresserad allmänhet. Ett nytt samarbete för kunskapsutbyte med kommunenheten vid Finansdepartementet har kommit till stånd under 2017, vilket är ett tecken på att CKS befäster sin position som en efterfrågad miljö för kommunrelevant forskning och forskningskommunikation.

  • 15.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Demography, Lund University, Lund, Sweden;Department of Economic History, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lindström, Martin
    Lund University, Centre for Economic Demography) (Social Medicine and Health Policy, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö.
    Migration and health: A study of effects of early life experiences and current socio-economic situation on mortality of immigrants in Sweden2011In: Ethnicity and Health, ISSN 1355-7858, E-ISSN 1465-3419, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 601-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. Previous research has demonstrated mortality differences between immigrants and natives living in Sweden. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of early life conditions in the country of birth and current socio-economic conditions in adult life in Sweden on cardiovascular, cancer, all other cause and total mortality among immigrants and natives in Sweden.

    Design. The cohort data concerning individual demographic characteristics and socio-economic conditions stems from the Swedish Longitudinal Immigrant Database (SLI), a register-based representative database, and consists of individuals from 11 countries of birth, born between 1921 and 1939, who were residents in Sweden between 1980 and 2001. The associations between current socio-economic conditions as well as infant mortality rates (IMR) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in the year and country of birth, and total, cardiovascular, cancer and ‘all other’ mortality in 1980–2001 were calculated by survival analysis using Cox proportional hazards regression to calculate hazard rate ratios.

    Results. The effects of current adult life socio-economic conditions in Sweden on mortality are both stronger and more straightforward than the effects of early life conditions in the sense that higher socio-economic status is significantly associated with lower mortality in all groups of diagnoses; however, we find associations between infant mortality rates (IMR) in the year and country of birth, and cancer mortality among men and women in the final model.

    Conclusions. Socioeconomic conditions in Sweden are more strongly associated with mortality than early life indicators IMR and GDP per capita in the year of birth in the country of origin. This finding has health policy and other policy implications.

  • 16.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kartläggning av företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i Sverige2010In: Möjligheternas marknad: En antologi om företagare med utländsk bakgrund / [ed] Engstrand, Åsa-Karin, Stockholm: Tillväxtverket , 2010, p. 107-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Företag som drivs av personer med utländsk bakgrund har en viktig roll i det svenska näringslivet. De sysselsätter i dag omkring 200 000 människor.

    2008 fick Tillväxtverket i uppdrag av regeringen att ta fram och ansvara för ett nationellt program med fokus på företagare med utländsk bakgrund. Programmets övergripande mål är att främja den tillväxtpotential som finns hos den här kategorin företagare. Ett av programmets mål är att öka kunskapen om företagare med utländsk bakgrund. Som en del i kunskapsmålet har man publicerat antologin ”Möjligheternas marknad”.

    Under denna föreläsning får vi lyssna till fyra av författarna, och deras olika infallsvinklar på temat. Det blir också diskussionsstund med kommentarer från en praktiker/företagare.

  • 17.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Köksingång till den svenska arbetsmarknaden?: Om företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund2010In: Lyckad invandring: Tio svenska forskare om hur man når framgångar / [ed] Ådahl, Martin, Stockholm: Fores , 2010, p. 99-118Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Second-Generation Immigrants in the Small-Business Sector in Sweden2014In: Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, E-ISSN 1556-2956, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 210-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the importance of co-ethnic employment for second-generation immigrants using data on the total population of Sweden. The analyses show that employment by parents comprises a substantial part of co-ethnic employment among young people. However, youth of Swedish origin in the small business sector are employed by parents to the same extent as second-generation immigrants. Furthermore, youth of Swedish origin are much more often employed by Swedish-born employers. Therefore, we argue that mobilization of family resources and social networks is not specific to immigrants in 'ethnic economies' but is rather part of a general small-business class strategy.

  • 19.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban, Susanne
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Uppsala universitet, IBF.
    The strength of ethnic ties: Routes into the labour market in spaces of segregation2016In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses whether ethnic segregation leads to social isolation and lack of access to valuable informal channels into the labour market. We use a survey of Swedish-born young adults in Stockholm, whose parents were born either in Turkey (Stratum T) or in Sweden (Stratum S). Stratum T was randomly sampled, whereas Stratum S was sampled according to the residential distribution of Stratum T. Our results show that persons in Stratum T use informal contacts in order to find employment more often than Stratum S. Living in immigrant-dense areas increases the likelihood of finding employment through informal contacts. For Stratum T, co-ethnic contacts are more important than other contacts, in particular if they are neighbours. Access to ethnic networks and the use of ethnic contacts in the labour market differ between persons of Turkish, Kurdish and Assyrian/Syriac backgrounds. In contrast to the isolation thesis, this study shows that young adults in immigrant-dense neighbourhoods have access to and benefit more from informal channels in order to find ways into labour market.

  • 20.
    Sköld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Klinthäll, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Childcare entrepreneurship in Women’s ’own rooms’Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze how women’s entrepreneurship is affected when a mainly femaledominated industry in the Public Sector is subject to competition. We study the childcare industry in Sweden, where women constitute 90 per cent of the workforce and where a process of competition was initiated in the early 1990s.

    From a gender perspective, we investigate whether a male norm of entrepreneurship is also valid within a mainly female-dominated context, or whether the childcare business in Sweden can be conceptualized as “women’s own rooms”, where the preconditions are more promising for women than for men.

    Using longitudinal data on all employees and self-employed individuals in the childcare industry in Sweden, we analyze men’s and women’s entrepreneurship in Sweden over the period 1993-2010. Data shows that men run larger and more profitable businesses compared to women, although women business owners have much greater work experience from the industry.

    Survival analysis shows that men’s propensity for entry into business ownership in the childcare business is higher than women’s, and that the presence of children in the household increases the propensity for entry of women, but not of men. Regarding exit from business ownership, survival analysis shows that there is no significant difference between men and women, when taking account of firm-specific factors. High exit rates among men are explained by the larger scope of their businesses.

    Our conclusion is that a male norm of entrepreneurship features even within the childcare industry. A pattern of “childcare businessmen” on the one hand, and “self-employed childcare worker women” on the other, emerges from our analysis. Hence, the gender system is also reproduced in the context of competition of a mainly female-dominated industry in Sweden.

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