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  • 1.
    Alexandersson, Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wikman, Anna
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    HR-strategier för regional tillväxt och samverkan? En studie av två arbetsmarknadsintermediärer2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur två regionala intermediära organisationer, inom HR-området, arbetar med förändrings- och kompetensrelaterade frågor.

    En interaktiv forskningsansats har tillämpats vilket innebär att planering och genomförande av forskningsarbetet har skett i dialog med berörda praktiker. Det empiriska materialet utgörs främst av 12 intervjuer med personer som arbetar inom de studerade intermediära organisationerna.

    Resultaten i denna studie visar att det finns många likheter mellan de två studerade intermediära organisationerna. Båda erbjuder ett brett spektra av HR-tjänster, ägs av sina kundföretag och har en samverkande roll mellan kundföretagen. Resultaten visar också att de båda intermediärerna har utvecklat en relativt speciell roll som intermediärer som innebär att de, i vissa avseenden, arbetar både som en extern och en intern HR-resurs till sina kundföretag. Även när det gäller arbetets organisering visar resultaten på flera likheter mellan de studerade intermediära organisationerna. Personalen i båda intermediärorganisationerna arbetar mycket flexibelt och anpassar sitt arbetssätt efter kundernas behov och önskemål. Få standardiserade modeller eller arbetsverktyg används i arbetet och det finns inte något utvecklat system för dokumentation och kunskapsöverföring som används aktivt inom intermediärorganisationerna. Samtidigt tyder resultaten på att ena av de två organisationerna har en något mer fast struktur med tydligt definierade arbetsområden och roller. Det finns också vissa skillnader mellan organisationerna vad gäller hur man önskar att inrikta och organisera sitt arbete i framtiden. Vidare visar resultaten från denna studie att personalen, inom de båda studerade organisationerna, upplever att deras arbete kan bidra till att kundföretagen får nya perspektiv och synsätt. I bästa fall kan även arbetet bidra till att företagen kan arbeta mer strategiskt och att de lär sig hantera olika problematiska situationer på egen hand och får en ökad beredskap att hantera förändring och problem i framtiden. Samtidigt är många uppdrag av mer akut och kortsiktig karaktär vilket innebär att det kan vara svårt att bidra till mer långsiktiga resultat i kundföretagen.

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  • 2.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    HELIX Competence Centre – Knowledge for Sustainable Working Life2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe HELIX Competence Centre at Linköping University and its work to contribute to sustainable working life. Research in HELIX Competence Centre is based on an interactive approach between researchers from different disciplines and partner organizations, including industrial organizations, public organizations, labour market organizations, and civil society organizations. The research programme includes four research themes: 1) Sustainable development processes in industrial production systems; 2) Growth and development in small enterprises; 3) Sustainable, innovative, and coordinated health and welfare processes; and 4) Diversity and inclusion in working life. Other activities include seminars and partnership meetings with different topics and a yearly HELIX day. The research and activities led by HELIX Competence Centre constitute an approach to integrate social and economic sustainability, produce scientific knowledge, and add value to practice in the partner organizations.

  • 3.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Scaling up and scaling down: Improvisational handling of critical work practices during the COVID-19 pandemic2023In: Management Learning, ISSN 1350-5076, E-ISSN 1461-7307, article id 135050762211379Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore improvisational handling of critical work practices during the COVID-19 pandemic and interpret these practices from a learning perspective. Based on an interview study with representatives of private, public and intermediary organisations, the study identified three different types of improvisational handling as responses to the pandemic crisis involving ‘scaling up’ and ‘scaling down’ critical work practices. By ‘scaling up’ and ‘scaling down’, we refer to practices for which, due to the pandemic, it has been imperative to urgently scale up an existing operational process or develop a new process, and alternatively extensively scale down or cease an existing process. The types of improvisational handling differed depending on the discretion of involved actors in terms of the extent to which the tasks, methods and/or results were given beforehand. These types of improvisational handling resulted in temporary solutions that may become permanent after the pandemic. The framework and model proposed in the article can be used as a tool to analyse and learn from the changes in work practices that have been set in motion during the pandemic. Such learning may improve the ability to cope with future extensive crises and other rapid change situations.

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  • 4.
    Bohlinger, Sandra
    et al.
    Dresden University of Technology, Dresden, Germany.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Helms Jørgensen, Christian
    Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Toiviainen, Hanna
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Conclusion: The Contested Field of Working and Learning2015In: Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty: Challenges to Adult, Professional and Vocational Education / [ed] Sandra Bohlinger, Ulrika Haake, Christian Helms Jørgensen, Hanna Toiviainen, Andreas Wallo, Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers, 2015, p. 223-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bohlinger, Sandra
    et al.
    Dresden University of Technology, Germany.
    Haake, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Helms Jørgensen, Christian
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Toiviainen, Hanna
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduction: Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty2015In: Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty: Challenges to Adult, Professional and Vocational Education / [ed] Sandra Bohlinger, Ulrika Haake, Christian Helms Jørgensen, Hanna Toiviainen, Andreas Wallo, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2015, p. 1-14Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on adult, professional and vocational education in a global world is timely (Farrell & Fenwick, 2007). Globalisation and economic crises are the trends that most dramatically transform the social, political, economic and ecological spheres of our time and directly affect the everyday life of local communities and workplaces. Current challenges set compelling requirements for the working and learning of the members of communities. Over the past decades of adult, professional and vocational education research, researchers have increasingly addressed globalisation and its political, value-based and ethical underpinnings. Work-related learning and the workplace as an arena of learning and education is, in Fenwick’s (2001) terms, a highly political space, in which the requirements of flexibility, specialisation, privatisation, and globalisation “change the nature and environment of work and the desires of workers” (ibid., p. 5). This book contributes to the current discussion on the global developments of working and learning in the fields of adult, professional and vocational education in Europe. These developments are full of paradoxes and contradictions, as Bratton et al. (2008) point out in their critical examination of workplace learning in advanced capitalist economies. It is therefore not an easy task to envision the future work and the learning options it will eventually offer to workers. We are living in times of uncertainty regarding the adult educational challenges on all societal levels of working and learning (Alheit, 2002/2004).

  • 6.
    Bohlinger, Sandra
    et al.
    Dresden University of Technology, Germany.
    Haake, UlrikaUmeå University, Sweden.Helms Jørgensen, ChristianRoskilde University, Denmark.Toiviainen, HannaUniversity of Helsinki, Finland.Wallo, AndreasLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Working and learning in times of uncertainty: challenges to adult, professional and vocational education2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book analyses the challenges of globalisation and uncertainty impacting on working and learning at individual, organisational and societal levels. Each of the contributions addresses two overall questions: How is working and learning affected by uncertainty and globalisation? And, in what ways do individuals, organisations, political actors and education systems respond to these challenges?

    Part 1 focuses on the micro level of working and learning for understanding the learning processes from an individual point of view by reflecting on learners’ needs and situations at work and in school-work transitions. Part 2 addresses the meso level by discussing sector-specific and organisational approaches to working and learning in times of uncertainty. The chapters represent a broad range of branches including public services (police work), the automotive sector and the health sector (elderly care). Finally, Part 3 addresses the macro level of working and learning by analysing how to govern, structure and organise vocational, professional and adult education at the boundaries of work, education and policy making.

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  • 7.
    Coetzer, Alan
    et al.
    School of Business & Law, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Characteristics of the Small Business as a Site for Informal Learning2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Coetzer, Alan
    et al.
    Edith Cowan University, Australia.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Distinctive Characteristics of Small Businesses as Sites for Informal Learning2017In: Human Resource Development Review, ISSN 1534-4843, E-ISSN 1552-6712, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 111-134Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined workplace factors that influence informal learning in small businesses and in general the studies are not framed by the characteristics of small businesses. To address this weakness in existing literature, we conducted a review of literatures which examine (a) workplace factors that influence informal learning, (b) small-business characteristics, and (c) factors influencing informal learning in small businesses. The several workplace factors that influence learning were categorized as job and relational and organizational characteristics. Each category was examined in relation to characteristics of small businesses. We outline what is known about each category and what we need to learn about them as they relate to informal learning in small businesses. For each category, propositions are generated that should be examined in future research. We also produce a heuristic conceptual framework that can be used to focus and bound future research that tests a different set of propositions.

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  • 9.
    Coetzer, Alan
    et al.
    University of Southern Queensland, Australia.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Owner-Managers and Environments of Learning in SMEs2024In: Reframing HRM in SMEs: Challenges and Dynamics / [ed] Ciara Nolan & Brian Harney, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2024, p. 77-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on employee learning in small businesses has focused on participation in formal training. These studies find that employees get less access to training than employees in large businesses. Such studies appear to equate training with learning and convey the impression that small businesses are workplaces that provide restrictive learning environments. However, research that concentrates on a single mode of knowledge and skills acquisition overlooks much, if not most, learning. This is because most learning in workplaces takes place outside of formal training. The chapter explores the role of the owner-manager as an enabler of learning and how small business settings pose challenges for the owner-manager’s role enactment. It outlines opportunities for future research, implications for policy and practice, and the implications of contemporary developments.

  • 10.
    Coetzer, Alan
    et al.
    Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The owner-manager’s role as a facilitator of informal learning in small businesses2019In: Human Resource Development International, ISSN 1367-8868, E-ISSN 1469-8374, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 420-452Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the owner-manager as a facilitator of learning in small businesses. Furthermore, these studies are typically not framed by distinctive characteristics of small businesses. These limitations of the literature stimulated us to ask: How do the situational opportunities and constraints that emanate from the distinctive characteristics of small businesses affect the small business owner-manager’s role as a facilitator of learning? To address this question, we first conducted a narrative review of existing research on the owner-manager as facilitator of learning in small businesses (10–49 employees). Four themes emerged from our analysis of research findings, including a theme that owner-managers are seldom directly involved in facilitating employees’ learning. Next, we conducted an integrative review of literatures that discuss (a) indirect approaches managers can adopt to facilitate learning; and (b) small business characteristics. We focussed on four high-impact indirect approaches owner-managers can use and examined how employment of each approach might be enabled or constrained by distinctive characteristics of small businesses. The integrative review generated ten research propositions. We also synthesized a conceptual framework that illustrates the main variables to be studied and presumed relationships among them. Based on our analysis of literature, implications for policy and practice are proposed.

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  • 11.
    Davidson, Bo
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Rönnqvist, Dan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Will anyone do? Employee resourcing in Swedish Elderly Care2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Degerman, Helene
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Conceptualising learning from resilient performance: A scoping literature review2024In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 115, article id 104165Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resilient performance is a crucial characteristic of complex socio-technical systems, enabling them to sustain essential functionality during changing or stressful conditions. Resilience Engineering (RE), a sub-field of safety research, focuses on this perspective of resilience. RE emphasises its “cornerstone model”, presenting the REsystem goals of “anticipating, monitoring, responding and learning”. The cornerstone of learning remains fragmented and undertheorized in the existing literature. This paper aims to enrich RE research and its practical implications by developing a nuanced and comprehensive understanding of the role of learning from resilient performance. To achieve this aim, a scoping literature review was conducted to assess how learning is conceptualised in the RE literature and the theoretical foundations on which previous work rests. The main findings show that RE researchers view learning as the process of understanding the system, sharing knowledge, and re-designing system properties. The application of established learning theories is limited. This paper contributes to research by proposing an organisational process for the RE cornerstone of learning, paving the way for deeper discussions in future studies about learning from resilient performance within complex sociotechnical systems. 

  • 13.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Sustainable Working Life development through interactive research2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactive research has emerged as a new approach to collaborative research in working life research, and it is characterized by a continuous joint learning process between the researchers and the practitioners. In this paper we argue that interactive research is a way to advance scientific knowledge about the development of new types of work arrangements and development of sustainable working life. We present the basic ideas and benefits of the interactive research approach, illustrated through a practical case, the HELIX Competence Centre and discuss potential limitation and challenges associated with this form of collaborative research.

  • 14.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Halldórsson, Árni
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Service action research: Review and guidelines2020In: Journal of Services Marketing, ISSN 0887-6045, E-ISSN 0887-6045, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 87-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Conducting research that is both practice- and theory-relevant is important for the service research community. Action research can be a fruitful approach for service researchers studying the transformative role of service research and wanting to make contributions to both the research community and to practical development. By exploring the current use of action research in service research, this study aims to make suggestions for enhancing the contribution to theory and practice development and to propose criteria for research quality for action research in service research.

    Design/methodology/approach

    This study builds on a systematic literature review of the use of action research approaches in service research.

    Findings

    The study makes three main contributions. First, it posits that any action research project needs to consider the four elements of problem identification, theorization, creating guiding concepts and intervention. Second, based on these elements mirrored in service action research, it outlines and analyzes three approaches to action research (i.e. theory-enhancing, concept developing and practice-enhancing). Third, it suggests a move from instrumental to a more conceptual relevance of the research and elaborates on the criteria for research quality.

    Originality/value

    This study contributes to the understanding of how action research may be applied for conducting high-quality collaborative research in services and proposes measures to enhance research quality in action research projects focusing services.

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  • 15.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Interactive research: Concepts, contributions and challenges2020In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1517-1537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper introduces interactive research as an emerging approach within a broad family of collaborative research approaches in management and organization research. Interactive research is a way to contribute to the dual tasks of long-term theory development and innovation and change processes in organizations. One of the distinguishing features of interactive research is a focus on continuous joint learning processes between the researchers and the involved practitioners. Design/methodology/approach – The basic concepts, contributions and challenges of the interactive research approach are presented and illustrated in the present paper through a practical case, the HELIX Centre. Findings – Interactive research is a way to advance scientific knowledge about the development of new types of work organizations and the development of sustainable operations. The multi-disciplinary and interactive research approach at HELIX has made it possible to reach a high degree of both rigour and relevance in research questions and projects. The authors identified five principles from the HELIX case that were instrumental in accomplishing the dual tasks of interactive research. Originality/value – The interactive research approach is a powerful method of collaboration between different stakeholders throughout the research process. This type of research makes it possible to interact at various levels of research, from the programme level, to research and development projects, to the individual level. The results from interactive research should not only be considered traditionally valid but also valid in relation to organizational and societal needs.

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  • 16.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Inledning2016In: Mot ett förändrat ledarskap?: Om chefers arbete och ledarskap i ett organisationsperspektiv / [ed] Ellström, P-E., Fogelberg Eriksson, A., Kock, H., & Wallo, A., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 11-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, AnnaLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Kock, HenrikLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Wallo, AndreasLinköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mot ett förändrat ledarskap?: om chefers arbete och ledarskap i ett organisationsperspektiv2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I många sammanhang diskuteras i dag behovet av ett ledarskap som bättre kan främja medarbetares lärande och utveckling och därmed även verksamheters utveckling. Det innebär att nya krav och förväntningar riktas mot chefer i organisationer, exempelvis vad gäller förändrade arbetssätt och förändrad kompetens. Syftet med denna bok är att bidra till ökade kunskaper om innebörden av och förutsättningar för chefers arbete och ledarskap i organisationer, samt att problematisera och empiriskt belysa de ofta allmänt hållna föreställningar, modeller och moden som finns i normativ chefs- och ledarskapslitteratur.

    I bokens inledande kapitel ges först en översiktlig beskrivning av teorier och skolbildningar som tidigare dominerat ledarskapsforskningen, och därefter presenteras inriktningar som utvecklats under senare decennier. I bokens följande kapitel diskuteras några aktuella teman mer ingående, till exempel:

    • dilemman och utmaningar i chefers dagliga arbete
    • ledarskap och kön
    • ledning genom delaktighet
    • chefers arbetsmiljö och hälsa
    • mätningars roll i styrning och förbättringsarbete
    • utvecklingsinriktat ledarskap
    • ledarskapsutveckling.
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 18.
    Ferm, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Reineholm, Cathrine
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Defender, Disturber or Driver? The ideal-typical professional identities of HR practitioners2023In: Personnel review, ISSN 0048-3486, E-ISSN 1758-6933Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeThis study aims to contribute knowledge about different professional identities represented among HR practitioners from Webers "ideal types" framework.Design/methodology/approachThe paper is based on semi-structured interviews with 34 Swedish HR practitioners working in large public and private organisations.FindingsThe findings reveal that HR practitioners identity is perceived as indistinct, unclear and shattered, which leaves lots of room for interpreting HR identity. Based on a thematic content analysis, three different ideal-type identities are presented, each representing the characteristic traits of an HR identity type. These are the Defender who always supports the managers, the Disturber who questions the managers in favour of the employees and the Driver who focuses on the economic expansion of the organisation.Research limitations/implicationsOne of the potential constraints of this study is the authors reliance on interview data. This finding implies that future research can employ mixed methods or observational techniques to bridge the gap between narrated responsibilities and real-time actions. The data source, predominantly from larger organisations, presents another limitation. This raises a significant research implication: there is a need to study identity formation among HR practitioners in smaller organisations. The theoretical framework this study contributes can aid in comprehending HR practitioners identities and their corresponding actions. Continued research might explore the significance of these ideal-type identities.Practical implicationsThe model presented provides a new way of understanding HR practitioners complex and shattered professional identity and the various stakeholders that direct different expectations towards them. This knowledge can be used both in HR education and in HR work as a basis for discussing the social work environment of HR practitioners and negotiating their work and identity.Originality/valueThe study contributes knowledge of the professional identities of HR managers, an under-researched area, especially when it comes to empirical research about the HR practitioners own experiences of their everyday work and view of the HR profession.

  • 19.
    Finnholm, Johanna
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Allard, Karin
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    An integrative literature review of the HR functions abilities, motivation, and opportunities in relation to organisational change2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Traditioner inom ledarskapsforskningen2016In: Mot ett förändrat ledarskap?: om chefers arbete och ledarskap i ett organisationsperspektiv / [ed] Per-Erik Ellström, Anna Fogelberg Eriksson, Henrik Kock, Andreas Wallo, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 25-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gremyr, Ida
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Martin, Jason
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Leadership as a service –exploring how leadership value-creation is challenged by remote work2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Samverkans betydelse vid kris och radikal förändring: Strategisk, taktisk och operativ samverkan i arbetet under covid-19 pandemin2022In: Book of abstracts, 2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har samhället, företag och organisationer i de flesta sektorer och individerpåverkats och tvingats agera för att snabbt mobilisera och hantera den stora oförutsedda krissituationsom uppstått p.g.a. Covid-19 pandemin. Tidigare studier under allvarliga ekonomiska kriser visar attorganisationer har större förutsättningar att lyckas om de kan hantera sin dagliga verksamhet ochsamtidigt anpassa sig till stora förändringar (Wallo, Kock och Nilsson, 2012)1. Verksamheter behöversåledes en förmåga att samverka i det strategiskt arbete och mobilisering, men också att kunnaförebygga risker och realisera beslut, vilket kräver utformning av stöd och arbetssätt på en taktisknivå. Stora förändringar har också stor påverkan på en operativ nivå där förståelse behövs kringarbetsuppgifter från ett individ- och teamperspektiv, hur hela arbetssituationen påverkas och effekterom till exempel nya arbetssätt, ändrade roller och nya risker.

    Syfte

    Syftet är att lyfta fram olika perspektiv på betydelsen av samverkan inom och mellan strategiska,taktiska och operativa nivåer i organisationer under den inledande fasen av Covid-19 pandemin.

    Metod

    Resultaten baserar sig huvudsakligen på det pågående forskningsprojektet ”Förnyelseförmåga ochhållbar arbetsmiljö vid snabba svängningar, Spin-off” kompletterat med illustrativa exempel från detavslutade projektet ”Skyddsutrustning vid Covid-19: Metodik för produktion och instruktioner”, bådafinansierade av AFA Försäkring.

    Metodik i Spin-off projektet: Data samlades in i en intervjustudie med utvalda respondenter medstrategisk funktion och intermediärer inom offentliga och privata organisationer. Totalt innefattadestudien semi-strukturerade intervjuer med 65 respondenter, samtliga ljudinspelade och transkriberade.Frågorna innefattade bland annat Covid-19-pandemins effekter i organisationer och arbetsplatser medfokus på upp- respektive nedskalning, effekter på verksamheten, arbetsuppgifter, samarbeten,arbetsmiljöarbetet och arbetsmiljön. Med upp- respektive nedskalning avses här arbetsprocesser sompå grund av pandemin har varit absolut nödvändigt att initiera/utveckla alternativt upphöra ellerdrastiskt dra ner på. I studien ingick även frågor kring möjliga långsiktiga effekter ”efter pandemin”,och lärdomar att ta tillvara inför framtiden för att stå bättre rustade i en allt snabbare förändringstakt.

    Metodik i Skyddsutrustningsprojektet: Datainsamling gjordes genom produktionsprocesskartläggningoch dokumentation av metoder för tillverkning av skyddsvisir och långärmade skyddsrockar vid ettpar av de tillfälliga produktionsstationer som byggdes upp under pandemins första år. Underlag förriskbedömning och skriftliga rutiner för basal hygien och användning av skyddsutrustning samlades insom data från en kommun och för utveckling av visuella instruktioner. I digitala workshops med tvåhemtjänstenheter (totalt 42 medarbetare) samlades data in om hur och när de lärt sig användaskyddsutrustning och förutsättningar att följa instruktioner i det operativa arbetet.

    Resultat

    Spin-off-studien visade att organisationer och arbetsplatser påverkades drastiskt av yttre händelser därdet uppstod nya situationer som triggade initiativ till nya former av samverkan för att lösa problem.Studien visade att pandemin ”luckrade upp” tidigare fasta strukturer vilket accelererade innovativasamarbeten över traditionella gränser med potential för förnyelse på lång sikt. Resultat från bådastudierna belyste exempel på samverkan såväl inom som mellan olika nivåer (strategiskt, taktiskt, ochoperativt).

    Exempel på samverkan på strategisk nivå var mobilisering och krishantering i många verksamhetergenom tvärfunktionellt och tvärorganisatoriskt samarbete. Nya strategier och arbetssätt utvecklades föraffärsverksamheten, men också för att säkra effektiv kommunikation, information och godaarbetsförhållanden under krisen. Exempel på samverkan på taktisk nivå var sektorsövergripandesamarbete mellan vård- och omsorgssektorn och svensk industri med syfte att säkra personligskyddsutrustning genom tillfällig beredskapsproduktion. Utmaningar var att snabbt ställa ombefintliga produktionsprocesser till nya typer av produkter, skala upp produktionsvolymer och säkrakvaliteten med relativt otränad personal. Samarbetet under produktionsstart av skyddsutrustning varberoende av ett tvärfunktionellt och tvärorganisatoriskt kunskapsutbyte relaterat till råmaterialkrav,standardiserade instruktioner, produktionsprocesser och produktinformation. Exempel på samverkanpå operativ nivå var tvärfunktionella samarbeten över organisationsgränser kring riskanalyser somsamordnats, såsom kombinerade patientssäkerhetsronder och arbetsmiljöronder som medförthelhetsförståelse och samordningsvinster.

    Gap i samverkan mellan strategiska, taktiska och operativa nivåer synliggjordes iskyddsutrusningsprojektet där riskbedömning och rutiner för användning av skyddsutrustning iäldreomsorgen som tagits fram på strategisk samverkansnivå saknade anpassning till de faktiskaoperativa förutsättningarna att följa rutiner och instruktioner. Andra utmaningar var relaterade tillpartsgemensamt arbetsmiljöarbete där t.ex. en skyddskommitté utvecklade förslag och beslut omåtgärder (strategisk samverkansnivå) som sedan skulle genomföras i praktiken på arbetsplatser(operativ samverkansnivå). I den höga förändringstakten som pandemin krävde så synliggjordesutvecklingsbehov i Spin-off studien där strukturer ständigt behövde utvecklas och omstruktureras itakt med förändringar, och kontinuerlig samverkan behövdes mellan lokala arbetsplatser ochorganisationens verksamhetsutvecklingsprocesser. En styrka i verksamheter var den samladeuppslutning som uppstod under krisen och förmåga till snabb omställning för samverkan övertraditionella gränser. Främjande faktorer för samverkan både inom och mellan nivåer var uppbyggdasamarbeten och förtroendefulla relationer som fanns innan pandemin. Ytterligare en framgångsfaktorvar förmågan att nyttja digitala lösningar där arbetsuppgifter och samverkan behövde ske på distans.Den digitala tekniken var en central möjliggörare men resultat från Spin-off studien pekar påpotentiella risker för t.ex. segregering mellan yrkesgrupper/nyanställda och utmaningar för ledarskappå distans.

    Vid större förändringar eller kriser pekar studierna på att det finns stora utmaningar i att få samverkanatt flöda mellan operativa, strategiska och taktiska nivåer, där fördjupade studier rekommenderas.

  • 23.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Towards competitive sustainable work and green industrial transformation2022In: Sustainable Work in Europe: Concepts, Conditions, Challenges / [ed] Kenneth Abrahamsson, Richard Ennals, Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2022, p. 189-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Östman, Lisa
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Effekter av ledarutveckling för individ och organisation2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en delrapport inom ramen för ett longitudinellt forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt vid HELIX VINN Excellence Centre vid Linköpings universitet. Det övergripande projektets syfte är att beskriva och analysera förutsättningar för en förbättrad koordination bland toppchefer i en växande och geografiskt expanderande organisation, samt hur koordinationen cheferna emellan kan förstås i termer av en kollektiv lärprocess. Som en del i detta större projekt har det även ingått att göra vissa fördjupningsstudier. Denna rapport är en sådan fördjupningsstudie där fokus varit på effekter av en ledarutvecklingssatsning som genomförts under ett antals års tid i en del av organisationen. Det empiriska underlaget samlades in under våren 2009.

    Rapporten har tagits fram i ett nära samarbete mellan forskarna i projektet. Cecilia Höglund och Lisa Östman, studenter vid PA-programmet i Linköping, har även samlat in och presenterat empirin inom ramen för sin kandidatuppsats ”Ledarutvecklingsprogram - användbart eller ej?”. Vi vill speciellt tacka de personer på fallföretaget som öppnat sina dörrar och tagit av sin tid för att möjliggöra vårt intervjuande.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Effekter av ledarutveckling för individ och organisation
  • 25.
    Johansson, Peter E.
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Exploring the work and competence of interactive researchers2020In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 1539-1559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into the competence in use when working with interactive research, which is a continuation and elaboration of action research.

    Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative research approach was adopted for the study. The main body of empirical material in this paper is based on two sources of data – a survey comprising open-ended questions, followed by a series of focus group interviews. The respondents were researchers with varying degrees of experience in using interactive research.

    Findings: The findings provide illustrations of what characterises interactive research as work and identify an additional set of activities that go beyond traditional research activities. Some activities are relatively easy to describe, while others exist in the gaps between other activities – e.g. boundary spanning – and are harder to explicitly define in terms of implications for the involved researchers’ competence. The work activities reaching beyond the traditional research boundaries are implicit and are not a common shared practice. From a competence point of view, this implies that the competence in use for these implicit tasks of interactive research becomes individually carried. Based on these findings, a number of individual aspects of what constitutes competence in use are suggested.

    Research limitations/implications: In future studies, it would be valuable to use a mixed-method approach that also includes longitudinal observations of the actual work of conducting interactive research.

    Practical implications: The findings and suggestions for how to understand the competence of interactive researchers can be used as guidance for training in research education.

    Originality/value: This study contributes to previous research by describing important requirements and critical elements of competence in use when conducting interactive research.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Johansson, Peter E
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The competences of interactive researchers2019In: FALF KONFERENS 2019 - Hållbar utveckling i organisationer: Book-of-abstracts / [ed] Martina Berglund, Linköping, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Karlström, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Schyldt, Helena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Kompetensöverföring i småföretag: En övervägande informell process2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är resultatet av ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt inom HELIX VINN Excellence Centre i samarbete med IUC Öst AB och Industrikompetens AB. Syftet med projektet är att studera kompetensförsörjning i små och medelstora företag (SMF). Närmare bestämt presenteras här resultat som rör synen på, och arbetet, med kompetensöverföring i fyra företag. Det empiriska underlaget samlades in under våren 2009 och har tidigare redovisats i en magisteruppsats på PA-programmet vid Linköpings universitet (Karlström & Schyldt, 2009). Vi vill speciellt tacka de personer i de inblandade företagen som ställt upp på intervjuer, samt Karolina Hallstedt som medverkat i datainsamlingen. Ett stort tack även till Sune Karlsson vid IUC Öst och till Gunilla Åberg och Katarina Nyhammar vid Industrikompetens. Vidare vill vi också tacka Bodil Ekholm och Dan Rönnqvist vid Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Linköpings universitet, för deras stöd och givande synpunkter.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kompetensöverföring i småföretag: En övervägande informell process
  • 28.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Coordination as Organizational Learning in a Fast Growing Company2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 29.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ledningsteamets lärprocess bidrog till att lösa företagets kris2013In: Leda mot det nya: en forskningsantologi om chefskap och innovation / [ed] Martin Kreuger, Lucia Crevani, Kristina Larsen, Stockholm: VINNOVA , 2013, p. 141-153Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Chefers agerande kan både underlätta och förhindra innovation! Chefer på alla nivåer är avgörande för nytänkande inom organisationer. Samtidigt är det medarbetarnas kompetens som skapar mervärde inom organisationer och som kan hitta lösningar på problem och tillvarata möjligheter. I dag är nya produkter ofta ett resultat av långvarigt samspel mellan människor både inom och mellan organisationer. Därför menar vi att det behövs en annan´typ av ledarskap och kanske också medarbetarskap. Boken är skriven för dig som är chef, konsult eller har en HR-funktion. Vi hoppas att den ska väcka tankar kring vad man som chef kan göra för att möjliggöra förnyelse och bidra till organisationer innovationsförmåga. Kapitlen i boken baserar sig på resultat från Vinnovas forskningssatsning ”Chefskap: förutsättningar, former och resultat”. Chefskap har studerat inom elva olika forskningsprojekt. Det finns exempel på utmaningar när det gäller att leda arbete både inom och mellan organisationer. En handfull av projekten har haft innovation i fokus och de andra projekten presenterar tankar om chefskap som vi ser är viktiga för att kunna vara innovativ. Tidningen Chef vill göra svenskt arbetsliv bättre genom att utveckla Sveriges chefer och deras ledarskap. En del i detta har varit att bidra med redaktörskap för denna antologi. Enheten för Arbetsorganisation och ledning på Vinnova vill stärka svenska företags och organisationers innovationsförmåga. Rätt ledarskap och goda organisatoriskaförutsättningar är centralt för detta!

  • 30.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Begreppet intermediär2013In: Uppdrag kompetensförsörjning: Rollen som intermediär / [ed] Gerry Andersson,Mats Holmquist,Erik Jakobsson,Fredrik Jönsson,Henrik Kock |,Malin Ljungzell,Andreas Wallo ochCarina Åberg, Örebro: APeL Forskning och utveckling , 2013, p. 11-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt större krav ställs på en fungerande kompetensförsörjning. Medarbetare med rätt kompetens är en förutsättning för konkurrenskraft i företagen och för kvaliteten i våra välfärdssystem. Det är också en förutsättning för att regionerna ska kunna utvecklas och bidra till målen om en smart, hållbar och inkluderande tillväxt i EU:s strategi för Europa 2020. I regionala utvecklingsstrategier och program pekas utmaningar som rör kompetensförsörjning ut som kritiska faktorer för måluppfyllelse.

    Den här rapporten handlar om hur organisationer och strukturer kan bidra till kompetensförsörjningen och dess utmaningar. Inom Europeiska socialfonden har nya samarbetsformer och metoder utvecklats, där några organisationer har fungerat som intermediärer mellan aktörer och på olika sätt bidragit till att möta individers och arbetslivets kompetensbehov.

    Begreppet intermediär har studerats inom forskningen inom olika´områden, men deras betydelse för regional kompetensförsörjning inom den svenska arbetsmarknaden är tämligen outforskat. Utifrån en studie tillsammans med ett antal socialfondsprojekt och regionala företrädare i två regioner samt lärdomar från ett lärande nätverk syftar rapporten till att bidra med kunskap om intermediärernas funktion och potential i det regionala kompetensförsörjningsarbetet.

  • 31.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    HR-intermediärer som stöd för kompetensförsörjning i organisationer2014In: Intermediärer som stöd för kompetensförsörjning: Ett kunskapsbidrag / [ed] Andreas Wallo & Henrik Kock, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Human Resource Intermediaries as Facilitators of Organisational Development and Learning2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Kock, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Outsourcing HR Services: The Role of Human Resource Intermediaries2012In: European Journal of Training and Development, ISSN 2046-9012, E-ISSN 2046-9020, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 772-790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – In this article, the area of interest is an emerging type of organisation called human resource intermediaries (HRIs), which focus on delivering human resource (HR) services to public sector organisations and private companies. The purpose of this article is, thus, to explore HRIs as deliverers of HR services. More specifically, the article will seek to analyse and discuss how employees in HRIs understand their role as providers of HR services to their clients and what characterises the HRIs' work and the nature of their assignments.

    Design/methodology/approach – The empirical foundation of this article comprises a longitudinal case study of three Swedish HRI organisations. The data consist of interviews with 19 managers and consultants from the three HRIs.

    Findings – The results indicate that HRIs want to take on a broad, strategic and proactive role in relation to their customers. However, due to external and internal constraints, such as the HRIs' internal work processes, the nature of their assignments and the client's HR competence level, the roles that HRIs play in practice tend to be more specific, operational and reactive.

    Practical implications – An important challenge for HRIs is to avoid being overwhelmed by short‐term and reactive assignments that deliver value to their clients through the use of standard solutions. Long‐term relationships, the structures of ownership and membership, and the availability of unique networks can also prove to be valuable for clients.

    Originality/value – This study explores HRIs as an emerging type of organisation within the area of human resources. Compared with HR consultants who specialise in handling specific HR‐related problems, HRIs target the entire flow of human resources in, within, and out of client organisations.

  • 34.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Reineholm, Cathrine
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Ståhl, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    The impact of leadership on employee well-being: on-site compared to working from home2022In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 22, no 1, article id 2154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Covid-19 pandemic has brought significant changes to the way people work and there are several reasons to believe that working from home will become more common in the future. Yet more knowledge is needed on whether the effectiveness of leadership differs if the work is performed remotely compared to on-site work.

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the place of work as a moderator for the effectiveness of leadership on employee well-being.Method: A survey was answered by 364 white-collar workers, employed by a larger Swedish municipality, who because of the covid-19-pandemic were offered to work from home.

    Results: The employees working in their regular office perceived having more sufficient work equipment. No other differences were found in the investigated variables. Supportive leadership was associated with all investigated well-being variables in the hypothesised directions. Place of work did not moderate the relationship between Support leadership and the investigated well-being outcomes (Job satisfaction, Stress, General well-being).

    Conclusion: This study shows that there are few differences between employees working from home or working on-site during the Covid-19 pandemic. The supportive leadership of the closest manager seem to be important for well-being regardless of the worksite.

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  • 35.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Reineholm, Cathrine
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Arbetsmiljön för chefer under coronapandemin2022Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning och syfte

    I denna rapport presenteras resultaten av ett projekt som genomförts inom ramen för regeringens uppdrag till Myndigheten för arbetsmiljökunskap att kartlägga och analysera kort- och långsiktiga konsekvenser av coronapandemin för arbetsmiljön i Sverige (A2021/02355, 2021-12-16).

    Under coronapandemin införde Sveriges regering flera restriktioner och rekommendationer för att förhindra smittspridning. Till skillnad från i många andra länder lades ett stort ansvar på samhället och dess invånare att hålla fysisk distans för att förhindra smitta. Det åligger chefer att uppnå de verksamhetsmål som ställts upp, men även att verka för en god arbetsmiljö. Det är dock tämligen outforskat vad detta inneburit för chefernas egen arbetssituation under coronapandemin.

    Med utgångspunkt i ovanstående bakgrund är syftet med projektet att bidra med kunskap om chefers arbetssituation under coronapandemin i Sverige. Mer specifikt fokuserar rapporten på att beskriva hur chefers arbetssituation har förändrats under pandemin inom följande områden:

    -        arbetsuppgifter

    -        arbetsmiljöarbete

    -        förutsättningar och egen arbetsmiljö

    -        ledarskap och relation till medarbetare.

    Metod

    I denna rapport undersöks chefers arbetssituation under pandemin genom både intervjuer och enkäter. Totalt har 40 chefer intervjuats och därtill har enkäter besvarats av 1 002 chefer inom olika verksamheter och branscher i Sverige (privat och offentlig sektor, inom tillverkning, handel, vård och omsorg etc.). De urvalskriterier som ställdes upp var att personen ska 1) vara chef samt 2) ha personal- och budgetansvar. Intervjuguiden och enkäten har konstruerats av rapportförfattarna utifrån tidigare forskning om chefers arbete, förutsättningar, roller och ledarskap, samt deras arbetsmiljöarbete. Datainsamlingen skedde under juli och augusti 2022 via en webbpanel.

    Fokus i intervjuerna har varit om och hur chefernas arbete, förutsättningar och ledarskap har för-ändrats under coronapandemin. I enkäterna har fokus i stället varit på förekomst av olika arbets-uppgifter, förutsättningar och ledarskap före, under och efter pandemin (i dag). Cheferna fick således retrospektivt skatta hur de upplevde att det varit vid tre olika tidpunkter. Tillsammans ger detta komplementära bilder och kan ge en utökad förståelse för chefers arbetssituation under coronapandemin.

    Resultat och slutsats

    En slutsats som kan dras av rapportens resultat är att chefers totala arbetssituation och arbetsinnehåll inte radikalt förändrats under coronapandemin utan till mångt och mycket varit de samma som innan. Resultaten visar dock att sätten på vilka chefsarbetet utövas har ändrats. Arbetet har skett på distans i högre omfattning än tidigare. Det operativa arbetet har ofta tagit överhand under pandemin och det har skett på bekostnad av det strategiska arbetet. Detta tycks bero på att cheferna fått lägga mer tid på att få verksamheten att fungera. Arbetsmiljöarbetet har fått omprioriteras under pandemin beroende på typ av verksamhet och var arbetet genomförts.

    De förutsättningar som cheferna arbetar under tycks generellt vara goda och verkar bara minimalt ha försämrats av pandemin. Inte heller chefernas ledarskap tycks ha förändrats, även om de upplevde att kraven på deras ledarskap har ökat. Dock visar resultaten att vissa skillnader finns beroende på var arbetet har genomförts, inom vilken bransch, hur lång chefserfarenhet och hur många direktrapporterande medarbetare chefen har, samt om chefen är man eller kvinna.

    De skillnader som fanns mellan arbetsformer rörde främst chefernas arbetsuppgifter. Chefer som haft verksamheten på plats har prioriterat att få driften av verksamheten att flyta på, tagit fler snabba beslut samt hanterat fler konflikter jämfört med chefer som arbetat på distans. Chefer med verksamhet på plats har också haft fler rutiner för arbetsmiljöarbete och arbetat mer med den fysiska arbetsmiljön än chefer på distans. Chefer som arbetat på plats har också haft bättre tillgång till information, bättre insyn i medarbetarnas arbetsuppgifter och arbetat mindre med att hålla ihop team och arbetsgrupp än chefer på distans. Samtidigt tycks chefers förutsättningar för att vara chefer ha försämrats under pandemin och mängden krav på ledarskapet har ökat – detta oavsett hur arbetet bedrivits.

    Gällande bransch visade resultaten främst att chefer inom hotell, vård och omsorg samt utbildning skattade sina förutsättningar som sämre än andra branscher, de upplevde att det ställdes högre krav på deras ledarskap och hade mindre fokus på utvecklingsfrågor under pandemin än chefer i andra branscher.

    Chefer med fler än tio direktrapporterande medarbetare arbetade mer med de olika arbetsuppgifterna, arbetade mer tid än förväntat och upplevde högre krav på sitt ledarskap än chefer med ett färre antal medarbetare. Däremot upplevdes förutsättningarna som likvärdiga.

    De skillnader som fanns mellan män och kvinnor rörde främst arbetsuppgifter, där kvinnors arbetsuppgifter innehöll mer administration, kommunikation och arbetsanpassningar än männens, medan män arbetade mer med verksamhetsutveckling än kvinnor. Kvinnor hade en sämre balans mellan arbete och fritid jämfört med män. Vidare skattade kvinnor också att det ställdes högre krav på deras ledarskap, liksom att de hade mindre tid att genomföra sitt arbete i jämförelse med hur män skattade.

    Resultatet visade även att de med lång chefserfarenhet upplevde sig ha bättre förutsättningar och lägre krav på ledarskapet, men de arbetade samtidigt mer. Få skillnader fanns dock gällande arbetsuppgifterna.

    Ett genomgående mönster är att chefer inom vissa verksamheter såsom vård och omsorg, utbildning samt hotell – det vill säga verksamheter som är ofta är kvinnodominerade, ofta har stora medarbetargrupper, och främst bedrivit sin verksamhet på plats under pandemin – har haft en mer ansträngd arbetssituation.

    Utmaningar och framtidsspaningar

    I rapporten lyfts också fem utmaningar och framtidsspaningar för att hantera framtida oförutsedda händelser. Det första handlar om att skapa gemensamma riktlinjer och policys på arbetsplatsen för att tillgodose behov hos både medarbetare och verksamhet, exempelvis för distansarbete. Det andra handlar om att skapa och upprätthålla en buffert av resurser inför oförutsedda händelser, exempelvis i form av budget och extramaterial. Det tredje handlar om att öka krishanteringsberedskapen i organisationer och regelbundet se över krishanteringsplaner, exempelvis i form av ansvarsområden och förväntningar på agerande. Det fjärde handlar om insikten om att medarbetarna är organisationens viktigaste resurs och att det för chefer är viktigt att adressera både arbetsprestation och mående. Det femte handlar om betydelsen av att chefen har goda förutsättningar och en god utvecklingsmiljö.

    Fortsatt forskning

    I arbetet med denna rapport har flera kunskapsluckor och behov av fortsatt forskning identifierats. Det finns ett behov av mer forskning som undersöker hur möjligheterna till kompetensutveckling och lärande hanteras vid distansarbete, liksom vilka mekanismer som gjort att utvecklingsarbete och förändringsinriktade initiativ fått stå tillbaka under pandemin, till förmån för mer prestations- och driftsorienterade aktiviteter. Det behövs även forskning om hur medarbetarnas arbetssituation och medarbetarskap, samt chefers och medarbetares välbefinnande och hälsa, påverkats under pandemin. Slutligen behövs mer forskning som adresserar de långsiktiga konsekvenserna av pandemin och hur de erfarenheter som gjorts under pandemin påverkar arbetslivet i framtiden. 

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  • 36.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Leadership and Employee Well-Being and Work Performance when Working from Home: A Systematic Literature Review2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, E-ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the rapid increase of home-based work brought on by the Covid-19 pandemic, many daily interactions between managers and employees have been carried out digitally. This literature review aims to compile and synthesize previous research regarding the importance of managers and leaders for employee well-being and their work performance when work is carried out from home. The purpose is also to relate these findings to previous reviews when work was performed on-site.

    Six leadership behaviours are identified as central when working from home. The leader should 1) communicate and promote the use of technology for communication, 2) regularly check, provide feedback and steer towards business goals, 3) show trust in the employee and give autonomy, 4) show support and empathy, 5) encourage and promote health, and 6) balance the need of individual employee with the need of the workgroup. There is little to suggest that leadership exercised when working from home differs from that exercised in a regular on-site workplace. What does seem to vary are the tools used to exercise leadership.

    More high-quality longitudinal research is needed that examines the importance of leadership over an extended period, considers how often work is performed from home, and combines different data sources and data collection methods.

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  • 37.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Ledarskap som främjar medarbetares välbefinnande och arbetsprestation vid distansarbete hemifrån: en systematisk kunskapsöversikt2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten sammanställs och diskuteras forskningsbaserad kunskap om den betydelse ledarskap kan ha för medarbetares välbefinnande och arbetsprestation när arbetet genomförs på distans hemifrån. Att arbeta på distans hemifrån är inget nytt fenomen, men covid-19-pandemin medförde en kraftig ökning av arbete hemifrån. Distansarbete kommer sannolikt att vara mer vanligt förekommande även efter pandemin. Det finns således att behov av att undersöka och identifiera ledarbeteenden som är relevanta vid distansarbete hemifrån.

    I kunskapsöversikten undersöks de teoretiska utgångspunkterna, metoder som använts och i vilka kontexter som tidigare empiriska studier har genomförts. De ledarbeteenden som kan främja medarbetares välbefinnande och arbetsprestation identifieras, liksom andra faktorer som kan ha betydelse för relationen mellan ledarskap och välbefinnande eller arbetsprestation.

    Totalt är 61 studier inkluderade i kunskapsöversikten. Av dessa var 27 kvalitativa studier och 34 var kvantitativa studier. Arbetet med granskningen av dessa studier har följt riktlinjer för systematiska översikter. Utifrån kunskapsöversiktens syfte och frågeställningar formulerades rapportens fokus och avgränsningar. Därefter generades söktermer för att identifiera relevant tidigare forskning. Sökningar genomfördes i databaserna Scopus och Web of Science, med Emerald och Business Source som komplementdatabaser. Sökstrategin inkluderade också handsökning, exempelvis i artiklars referenslistor.

    De inkluderade studierna har haft olika teoretisk förankring gällande begreppen ledarskap och välbefinnande, där endast ett fåtal studier varit specifikt intresserade av ledarskapets betydelse för medarbetares välbefinnande under distansarbete. De metoder som använts bygger i huvudsak på intervjuer eller enkäter. Studierna har använt en tvärsnittsdesign, där allt material samlats in vid samma tillfälle, förutom en kvalitativ studie som samlade in material vid två tillfällen. I 16 av de kvantitativa studierna undersöktes andra faktorer med betydelse för sambanden. De inkluderade studierna var genomförda i flera olika länder, varav flest i USA, Australien och Tyskland. Både offentlig och privat sektor är representerade i materialet.

    En slutsats som kan dras är att det finns empiriskt stöd för att ledarskap har ett samband med medarbetarnas välbefinnande vid distansarbete hemifrån. Nästan alla kvantitativa studier som undersökt denna relation har funnit ett direkt samband eller indirekt samband via andra faktorer, oavsett teoretisk utgångspunkt eller studerad kontext. Samma tydliga empiriska stöd finns inte till medarbetares arbetsprestation då det undersökts i mycket färre studier. Även de kvalitativa studierna visade att ledarskap vid distansarbete hemifrån är betydelsefullt, men i dem är det svårare att identifiera de empiriska kopplingarna mellan specifika ledarbeteenden och medarbetarnas välbefinnande eller arbetsprestation.

    I kunskapsöversikten identifieras sex ledarbeteenden som lyfts fram i den tidigare forskningen som centrala vid distansarbete hemifrån. Dessa ledarbeteenden handlar om att ledaren kommunicerar och främjar teknikanvändning för kommunikation, att ledaren regelbundet stämmer av, återkopplar och styr mot verksamhetsmål, att ledaren visar tillit till medarbetaren och ger autonomi, att ledaren visar stöd och empati, att ledaren uppmuntrar och främjar hälsa, samt att ledaren anpassar utifrån medarbetares behov och håller samman arbetsgruppen.

    Utifrån genomgången av tidigare forskning kan konstateras att studierna har undersökt enskilda ledarbeteenden i relation till många olika mått på välbefinnande vilket gör det svårt att avgöra respektive ledarbeteendes unika bidrag. Det behövs mer högkvalitativ longitudinell forskning som undersöker ledarskapets betydelse över längre tidsperioder, som tar hänsyn till mängden arbete som utförs på distans hemifrån, och som kombinerar olika datakällor och datainsamlingsmetoder.  

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  • 38.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Coetzer, Alan
    University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Leadership and Learning at Work: A Systematic Literature Review of Learning-oriented Leadership2023In: Journal of leadership & organizational studies, ISSN 1548-0518, E-ISSN 1939-7089, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 205-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary organizations must be adaptive and agile as the environment changes. To respond to change, leaders must find ways of integrating learning into everyday work experiences. This invites the question: how do leaders facilitate individual, group and organizational learning? Several studies have examined relationships among leadership and learning and potential mediating and moderating variables. However, because this literature is extensive and fragmented it is difficult to discern what is known about how leadership contributes to individual, group and organizational learning. Accordingly, there is a pressing need to assemble and evaluate the existing studies. To address this limitation of the literature, this paper presents a systematic review and critique of literature in this field. Our review of 105 studies suggests that there are statistically significant relationships between different types of leadership and learning at the individual, group, and organizational levels. Furthermore, the findings indicate that these relationships are often mediated by other variables. However, little is known about moderators and boundary conditions. Based on the findings, it would be premature to say with certainty that leadership causally influences learning, since the empirical basis for such a claim is lacking. We outline the conceptual, theoretical, methodological, and empirical refinements needed to guide future research on learning-oriented leadership and advance this research trajectory. The findings of our review and our conclusions will be informative for researchers and practitioners.

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  • 39.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    How to Measure Leadership for Learning in the Workplace?2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Coetzer, Alan
    Edith Cowan University, Australia.
    Measuring Leadership for Learning at Work2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Reineholm, Cathrine
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Leadership and well-being of employees in the Nordic countries: A literature review2023In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 74, no 4, p. 1331-1352Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for more knowledge regarding the importance of managerial leadership for fostering well-being in the workplace and how context has been accounted for in previous research.

    OBJECTIVE: To carry out a literature review of previous research that empirically examines the importance of leadership for well-being in a Nordic working life context.

    METHODS: A rapid literature review was conducted with narrative analysis in 5 steps; establish focus, research questions, and inclusion criteria; literature search; relevance screening; quality assessment; data analysis. The search identified 4566 unique studies where 35 quantitative and five qualitative met the relevance and quality criteria.

    RESULTS: Findings from quantitative and qualitative studies are presented. Transformational and supportive leadership are recurrently associated with employee well-being, although the qualitative studies also highlight adaptive leadership and leaders being available and providing space. Some connections are made to the Nordic context in the reviewed studies, but these connections are not fully elaborated.

    CONCLUSION: Leadership is related to employee well-being, although this relationship seems to be indirect, mediated by other factors in the working environment. The review identifies the need for more well-designed studies addressing the contextual factors of this relationship, and how leadership should be exercised in practice.

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  • 42.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Towards a quality management competence framework: Exploring needed competencies in quality management2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose –Several studies and recent reports address emerging and expanding needs for Quality Management (QM) impacting the professional practices and activities and maybe also the conceptual underpinnings of QM. An integrative approach for QM, facilitating both operational and strategic leverage has been described as becoming increasingly more important. However, few empirical studies have focused on what QM professionals actually do with even fewer studies focusing on what it actually takes to do QM-work, i.e. the competencies of QM.

    The purpose of this paper is thus to extend the conceptual understanding of QM by introducing an activity and practice-based terminology for describing competencies of QM work in contemporary Swedish organisations and to create a conceptual competence framework suited for successful QM.

    Design/methodology/approach –This paper is based on a cross-case qualitative study design incorporating four Swedish large size organizations where designated QM professionals (n= 34) were targeted, selected and interviewed.

    Findings –Four generic QM roles are posited: centralised & strategic, centralised & operational, decentralised & strategic and decentralised & operational roles. A QM competence framework incorporating four essential QM competence dimensions is presented: the human, the contextual, the methods & process and the development competence dimensions. Competencies are discussed in relation to the “production dilemma” of QM and the emerging need of more integrative and business excellence-oriented QM.

  • 43.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Division of Service Management and Logistics, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Towards a quality management competence framework: exploring needed competencies in quality management2021In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 32, no 3-4, p. 359-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and purpose Few empirical studies have focused on what quality management practitioners actually do, with even fewer studies focusing on what it actually takes to do quality management work, i.e. the competencies of quality management. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a competence-based terminology for describing general competencies of quality management work in organisations and to create a competence framework in order to understand what is needed to be a quality management practitioner.

    Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on an embedded, qualitative multiple-case study design incorporating four Swedish large size organisations where designated quality management practitioners (n= 33) were selected and interviewed.

    Findings A quality management competence framework incorporating four main quality management competence dimensions is presented: the human, the methods & process, the conceptual and the contextual competence dimensions. Four generic quality management role responsibilities are also posited: centralised & strategic, centralised & operational, local & strategic and local & operational role responsibilities. The competencies and role responsibilities are discussed in relation to the notion of emergent quality management and the emerging need of more integrative and business excellence-oriented quality management.

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  • 44.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Four facets of learning in performance measurement2018In: International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, ISSN 1741-0401, E-ISSN 1758-6658, Vol. 67, no 9, p. 1608-1624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the role of learning in performance measurement. Design/methodology/approach – We develop a theoretical framework combining workplace learning theory with purposes of performance measurement. We elaborate this framework empirically by identifying critical incidents from a case set within a context containing a broad range of different performance measurement activities. Finally, we discuss the results and the possible implications for using our theoretical framework in order to better understand facets of learning regarding the design of performance measurement. Findings – Workplace learning theory provides a deeper understanding of how the mechanisms of performance measurements support control or improvement purposes. We propose a tentative framework for learning as a driver for performance measurement and four facets of learning are identified: reproductive, rule-oriented, goal-oriented and creative learning. Research limitations/implications – The empirical material is limited to the healthcare context and further studies are needed in order to validate the findings in other settings. Practical implications – We argue that all managers must consider what kind of learning environment and what kind of learning outcomes best serve the interests of their organisation. Purposeful and carefully designed organisational arrangements and learning environments are more likely to induce intended learning outcomes. Originality/value –Previous connections between the fields of ‘performance measurement’ and ‘workplace learning’ often lack any deeper conceptualisations or problematisations of the concept of learning. In this paper, we provide a more nuanced discussion about the process of learning in performance measurement, which may provide a basis for further research and scholarly attention.

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  • 45.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Performance measurement as a driver for learning and improvement in organizations2016In: 23rd EurOMA Conference, Trondheim, June 17-22, 2016, Trondheim: NTNU, Department of Production and Quality Engineering and the Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management , 2016, p. 117-117, article id PMM-5-2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to better understanding about levels of learning found in the practices of performance measurement. We create a conceptual model merging established workplace learning theory with operations management purposes of performance measurement. By integrating discretion and organizational logics we interconnect purposes of either control or improvement with four levels of workplace learning: Reproductive, rule-oriented, goal-oriented and creative learning. We empirically elaborate our model using case related critical incidents involving performance measurements. The findings suggest that a conceptual understanding of workplace learning theory meliorates the design and practice of performance measurements for improvement purposes.

  • 46.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kompetens2022In: Lärobok Pedagogiska grunder 2022 / [ed] Mikael Gudmundsson, Stockholm, Sweden: Försvarsmakten, FMLOG , 2022, p. 69-87Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Martin, Jason
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Göteborg.
    Wiger, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Braf, Ewa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems and Digitalization. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems and Digitalization. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Närhet på distans: En guide för ledarskap på distans med stöd av digitala arbetssätt2023Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det du nu läser är en guide tänkt att användas som ett stöd och en vägledning till dig som i arbetet leder eller deltar i aktiviteter på distans med stöd av digitala arbetssätt. 

    Guiden är utvecklad av forskare och organisationer i flera forskningsprojekt som studerar möjligheter och ut­maningar i ledarskap på distans med stöd av digitala ar­betssätt. 

    Guiden vänder sig i första hand till er som är chefer och ledare med ansvar för att planera och genomföra aktivite­ter på distans med stöd av digitala arbetssätt, men den kan även läsas av medarbetare och andra funktioner i era orga­nisationer. 

    En central del i guiden är ”verktygslådan” där vi, utifrån våra egna forskningsresultat samt med stöd av tidigare forskning, har satt ihop ett urval av praktiska verktyg som kan användas för att möjliggöra ett effektivare ledarskap på distans. 

    Guiden och verktygen i verktygslådan tar avstamp i var­dagsnära situationer och aktiviteter som vi i våra forsk­ningsprojekt sett innehåller stor potential att förbättra hur arbete på distans med stöd av digitala arbetssätt kan orga­niseras och ledas. 

    Vi visar vanligt förekommande arbetssätt och verktyg och ger konkreta och praktiska tips på hur ni kan arbeta tillsammans för att kunna uppnå bättre resultat, lära och utveckla både för individer och för organisationen samt bidra till bättre hälsa och välbefinnande. 

    Guiden kan ses som en palett av arbetssätt och verktyg som ni antingen kan pröva direkt och/eller ha som under­lag för diskussion i syfte att ta fram egna, skräddarsydda arbetssätt. Använd den som inspiration och hjälpmedel för att utveckla ditt ledarskap och medarbetarskap samt ditt sätt att leda och möjliggöra digitala aktiviteter på distans. 

    Om du vill testa någon eller några av de verktyg och ar­betssätt som presenteras i guiden tillsammans forskare så hör av dig till Jason Martin (jason.martin@liu.se) eller Andreas Wallo (andreas.wallo@liu.se) på Linköpings universitet.

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  • 48.
    Nilsson, Peter
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Adult learning in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Nilsson, Peter
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Organisational Learning in Times of Crisis2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Nilsson, Peter
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rönnqvist, Dan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Davidson, Bo
    Linköpings kommun.
    Human Resource Development: att utveckla individer, grupper och organisationer2018 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För många organisationer är det en utmaning att leva upp till formuleringar om att personalen är deras viktigaste resurs. Denna bok visar vägar från ord till handling.


    Här ges en grundlig introduktion till ämnesområdet human resource development (HRD) som handlar om att utveckla individer, arbets­grupper och organisationer i arbetslivet. Författarna presenterar också en forsknings­­baserad ansats för hur yrkesverksamma praktiker kan ta sig an ett utvecklings­inriktat personalarbete.


    Human resource development vänder sig till studenter på högskole­utbildningar, på både grundnivå och avancerad nivå, där frågor om utveckling av mänskliga resurser i arbetslivet är centrala. Boken riktar sig också till chefer med personalansvar och HR-praktiker som vill arbeta mer utvecklingsinriktat utifrån tillgänglig forskning.

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